Delegates met in Committee I during the morning to complete
their work. Plenary convened during the afternoon to review
and adopt the work of Committee I, Committee II and the Budget
Committee, and to elect new members of the Standing Committee,
the Nomenclature Committee and the two technical Committees.
COELACANTHS: GERMANY introduced, and delegates adopted,
a proposal to list all coelacanths species in Appendix I
(Prop. 11.50). INDONESIA withdrew its proposal to list
coelacanths subspecies (Prop. 11.51), noting it would be
EASTERN HEMISPHERE TARANTULAS: SRI LANKA proposed an
Appendix II listing for the Eastern Hemisphere Tarantulas
(Prop. 11.52). Noting export of the species is prohibited in
Sri Lanka and India, he said the species has been subjected to
unsustainable collection for international trade, primarily to
Europe. INDIA, ALGERIA, KENYA and the US supported the
proposal. SWITZERLAND and the EU opposed, citing limited
examples of international trade and calling for national
action instead. The CZECH REPUBLIC preferred an Appendix III
listing. The US regretted that only consuming countries
opposed the proposal, which was rejected.
PANGOLIN: The US amended a proposal on the Indian,
Chinese and Malayan Pangolin (Prop. 11.13), suggesting these
species remain in Appendix II with a zero-quota annotation.
The proposal was adopted.
BLACK SEA BOTTLENOSE DOLPHIN: The US presented a draft
decision on this species that, inter alia, urges
Parties not to allow any export of live dolphins without
evidence from a destination-based Management Authority that
the animals will be maintained in proper facilities (Com.
11.23). The decision was adopted.
RAINSTICKS: The Secretariat introduced a draft amended
proposal on Echinopsos spp. (Rainsticks) (Com. 11.15)
that recommends Parties harmonize their national legislation
related to personal exemptions. The amended proposal was
DEVIL’S CLAW: The Secretariat introduced a document
on Harpagophytum procumbens (Devil’s Claw) (Com.
11.11) that requires range and importing States to submit all
available information concerning the trade, management and
biological status of the species. The document was adopted.
LIGNUN-VITAE: The Secretariat introduced a draft
decision regarding Guaiacum sanctum (Lignum-vitae)
(Com. 11.25), noting the Plants Committee will review the
genus and assess its status in the wild and in trade. The
decision was adopted.
FALSE HELLEBORE: GERMANY introduced amendments on Adoinis
vernalis (False Hellebore), which emphasize the need to
designate all parts and derivatives, except seeds and pollen,
and to accept chemical derivatives and finished pharmaceutical
products. The amendments were adopted.
RHINOCEROS: The US introduced an amended resolution for
the conservation of and trade in rhinoceroses (Com. 11.19),
which urges, inter alia, Parties to identify, mark and
register rhinoceros stocks and to implement comprehensive
legislation and enforcement controls. The proposal was
FRESHWATER TURTLES AND TORTOISES: GERMANY presented a
draft resolution on trade of the species (Com. 11.7), which
urges Parties to increase enforcement efforts with regard to
existing legislation. The resolution was adopted.
SEAHORSES: AUSTRALIA introduced a draft resolution
prepared by the Animals Committee resolution (Com. 11.6),
directing the Secretariat to assist in obtaining funds to
support a technical workshop on seahorse conservation. The
resolution was adopted.
HARD CORALS: The UK introduced a draft resolution
providing coral definitions (Com. 11.9). The resolution, inter
alia, calls for improving guides for coral species
recognition in trade. AUSTRALIA noted the resolution should
include collaboration with exporting countries. The resolution
BIGLEAF MAHAGONY: The US introduced a revised draft
resolution on the species (Com. 11.8) that establishes a
working group to, inter alia, review the effectiveness
of current and potential Appendix III listings, and to analyze
legal and illegal trade issues. The working group will report
its finding at COP-12. The resolution was adopted.
STANDARD NOMENCLATURE: Nomenclature Committee Chair
Hoogmoed suggested nomenclature changes in Doc. 11.4.2 and
Doc. 11.39 (Com. 11.30). SWITZERLAND enquired how the changes
relate to IWC nomenclature. The Secretariat said it would
forward copies tothe IWC, reflecting changes made at CITES.
The document was adopted.
SIGNIFICANT TRADE IN APPENDIX II SPECIES: The RUSSIAN
FEDERATION presented a draft resolution (Com. 11.4) on the
conservation of sturgeons and paddlefish resulting from an
informal working group formed in relation to resolution 8.9 on
trade in wild-caught animal species (Doc 11.41.2). IRAN
supported amendments, including a request to Parties to
establish both export and catch quotas, and text indicating
that Parties failing to report quotas would be automatically
allowed a zero quota for the following year. The Secretariat
noted that CITES does not regulate catch quotas. The EU
supported Iran’s amendments. The US suggested decisions
specify Eurasian sea basins, noting that look-alike species
have implications for the North American conservation. The
RUSSIAN FEDERATION stressed that the decisions should apply to
all populations, not only those in the Eurasian region. The
Secretariat noted disagreement between the US and the Russian
Federation, and suggested holding a vote on the US amendment.
Delegates rejected the amendment and the US and CANADA
registered their objection to the entire document.
IRAN presented its amendment to resolution 10.12 (Conf.
11.16) indicating that since COP-10, range States are unable
to develop a sturgeon strategy as directed by this resolution.
The Secretariat offered to assist with the strategy and with
this amendment, the decision was adopted.
TRADE IN ELEPHANT SPECIMENS: SWITZERLAND outlined the
result of the technical working group’s revision of
resolution 10.10, including amendments by the Secretariat. He
noted many new ideas required accommodation, and that the role
of range States and capacity building were strengthened. He
stressed that adoption of the entire document was necessary
due to the delicate balance it represented, and the document
Chair Clemente drew Committee I to a close at 12:00 pm,
thanking everyone for their hard work.
COP-11 Chair Asadi opened the afternoon Plenary, and
drawing attention to the good working atmosphere, appealed to
Parties to extend full cooperation to the Chair to complete
EFFECTIVNESS OF THE CONVENTION: FRANCE introduced a
revised resolution on improving CITES’ effectiveness (Com.
11.33), and noted the Standing Committee will form a working
group to, inter alia, inventory existing funding
mechanisms for flora and fauna conservation. The resolution
OBSERVER CONTRIBUTION: The US introduced a resolution
on recognition of the importance of observers’ contributions
(Doc. 11.16). JAPAN endorsed the presence of NGOs, but
emphasized that member countries should have priority in the
process. The resolution was adopted.
RESOLUTION CONSOLIDATION: The Secretariat introduced a
document on consolidation of valid resolutions (Doc. 11.17),
noting three annexes on: conservation of cetaceans and
relationship with the IWC; enforcement and compliance; and
non-commercial loans. JAPAN and AUSTRALIA opposed the
resolution and annexes, noting they were inappropriate and
unnecessary. Of the two proposed versions of each annex, the
Secretariat recommended, and delegates agreed, adopting draft
consolidated resolutions in Annex 1b, 2b and 3b.
STANDING COMMITTEE MEMBERS: Delegates took note of the
Standing Committee’s new regional composition, including
(member/alternate): Burkina Faso/Cameroon, Tanzania/ Kenya,
South Africa/Zambia and Tunisia/Ghana for Africa; China/
Thailand and Saudi Arabia/India for Asia; Saint Lucia/Saint
Vincent and the Grenadines, Ecuador/Chile and Panama for
Central, South America and the Caribbean; France/Portugal,
Italy/ the Czech Republic and Norway/Turkey for Europe; US/
Canada for North America; and Australia/Vanuatu for Oceania.
TECHNICAL COMMITTEES MEMBERS: Delegates also noted the
Animals Committee’s new members, including (member/
alternate): Kenya for Africa; Indonesia/Bangladesh and
Thailand/ Singapore for Asia; Dominican Republic/Cuba and
Honduras/ Venezuela for Central and South America and the
Caribbean; the Netherlands/Switzerland and Hungary/the UK for
Europe; US/ Mexico for North America; and Fiji for Oceania.
The new members for the Plants Committee are: Kenya/Cameroon
for Africa; Malaysia/ Indonesia and India/China for Asia;
Suriname/ Paraguay and Colombia/Costa Rica for Central and
South America and the Caribbean; Spain/ Poland and the
Netherlands/Switzerland for Europe; Canada/Mexico for North
America; and Australia/ Papua New Guinea for Oceania.
NOMENCLATURE COMMITTEE MEMBERS: The Secretariat
proposed, and delegates supported, that the present Chair and
vice-Chair of the Committee continue to serve.
BUDGET COMMITTEE: Budget Committee Chair Stansell
presented the Secretariat financing and budgeting (Com.
11.21). He noted that the Budget Committee accepted the
financial reports for 1997, 1998 and 1999 (Doc.
11.10.1.Rev.1), and took note of the estimated expenditures
for 2000 (Doc. 11.10.2). He added that the Committee had
approved a 26.53% budget increase, but noted that it fell
short of the Secretariat’s requested biennium budget. In
order to balance between the need for increased staffing and
increased programme activities, the Budget Committee reduced
the number of approved posts from seven to five and noted the
need to apply available funds to such priority issues as
capacity building, enforcement and regional coordination as
they become available. JAPAN requested that UNEP provide
Parties with explanatory notes on its 13% programme support
costs. WWF expressed concern with the loss of several
Secretariat staff positions, particularly those offering
regional assistance for developing country Parties. The budget
REPORT OF COMMITTEE II: Committee II Chair Koester
outlined the status of proposals considered by the Committee,
a majority of which were adopted with few amendments and noted
for the record, Icelandï¿½s objection to the draft resolution
(Com. 11.28) on registration of operations breeding Appendix-I
species specimens in captivity for commercial purposes, on the
grounds that it creates split-listing of the species.
He identified proposals developed and adopted at COP-11
that replace proposals submitted to COP-11 on: the
implementation of Resolution 8.14 on measures taken with
regard to Parties without adequate legislation; trade in bear
specimens; conservation of and trade in tigers; the use of
microchips for marking live animals in trade; movement of
sample crocodilian skins; and universal labelling system for
the identification of sturgeon specimens (caviar). He remarked
that only three proposals were rejected by vote: the
relationship with the IWC; introduction from the sea; and
cosmetic products containing caviar. The proposals withdrawn
were on: synergy between CITES and the IWC; reporting of
seizures; persistent offenders; recognition of risks and
benefits in trade in wildlife; proposal to amend resolution
5.10 that defines "primary commercial purposes";
definition of the term "prepared"; and the potential
risk of wildlife trade to the tourism industry.
SECRETARIAT STAFF: Delegates adopted Doc. 11.9.2.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE I: Chair Clemente reported on the
Committeeï¿½s work and overviewed documents and proposals
considered by delegate and adopted by the Plenary. The US
asked that the debate on trade in sturgeon and paddlefish
species be re-opened (Com. 11.4). He said an informal group
had agreed to amend the reference to range States establishing
annual export quotas to read that range States
"declare" export quotas, and to add a mention that
Parties failing to inform the Secretariat will be issued with
a zero-quota. The RUSSIAN FEDERATION and IRAN supported the
amendments and the document was adopted.
On the Urial (Prop.11.30), SAFARI CLUB INTERNATIONAL
announced a workshop in Asia and called for financial support.
Chair Clemente noted she had intentionally skipped some
proposals, which might need additional debate, and suggested
they be dealt with in the next Plenary.
IN THE BREEZWAYS
An air of ambivalence hangs over COP-11 in respect to its
success, with delegates cautious to claim victory. While many
acknowledge that important milestones have been achieved in
the development of criteria, systems and legislation, real
success or failure seems to be measured on the basis of
uplisting or downlisting of species in Appendices. Many
delegates champion the compromise reached by the Africans on
the elephant issue, having anticipated a battle, and tout the
rejection of proposals to downlist Minke and Grey Whale
populations as a success. Despite this, the lurking
possibility that proposals on the Hawksbill Turtle, Basking
Shark and Minke Whale will resurface during the last Plenary
leave many anxious.