Published by the
International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)
Vol. 19 No. 23
Friday, 29 November 2002
THURSDAY, 28 NOVEMBER 2002
The high-level segment began with an opening
ceremony. Delegates then heard presentations from the Assessment
Panels, the Multilateral Fund Executive Committee and implementing
agencies before considering outstanding agenda items from the
preparatory segment and country statements.
OPENING CEREMONY: Enrico Gasbarra, Deputy
Mayor of Rome, welcomed delegates and underscored Rome’s
contribution to the environment in the international arena.
Fabio Fajardo-Moros (Cuba), President of the 5th
Conference of the Parties (COP-5), noted that the success of the
ozone protection regime shows the effectiveness of political will
and underscored the importance of seeking synergies with the United
Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
Rukman Senanayake (Sri Lanka), Vice-President of
the 13th Meeting of the Parties (MOP-13), lauded the success of the
Montreal Protocol but drew attention to challenges for the next
Shafqat Kakakhel, United Nations Environment
Programme (UNEP) Deputy Executive Director, stressed that ozone
protection is far from accomplished and that failure to comply with
the Montreal Protocol could jeopardize the ozone layer’s recovery.
He called on developed countries to provide support to help
developing countries fulfill their commitments.
Altero Matteoli, Italian Minister of the
Environment and Territory, welcomed participants and said that the
Montreal Protocol and its Multilateral Fund are models of
cooperation and partnership. He noted Italy’s significant role in
introducing sound technology in refrigeration and plastics. Stephen
Andersen (Technology and Economic Assessment Panel (TEAP) Co-Chair)
and K. Madhava Sarma (former Executive Secretary of the Ozone
Secretariat) presented Matteoli with the book "Protection of the
Ozone Layer: The United Nations History".
ORGANIZATIONAL MATTERS: Concerning the COP-5
Bureau, delegates elected: Paul Horwitz (US) as COP-6 President;
Victor Yameogo (Burkina Faso), Shajahan Siraj (Bangladesh) and Jiri
Hlavacek (Czech Republic) as Vice-Presidents; and Javier Camargo
(Colombia) as Rapporteur. Concerning the MOP-14 Bureau, delegates
elected Rukman Senanayake (Sri Lanka) as MOP-14 President; Mikheil
Tushishivili (Georgia), Jorge Salazar Cardenal (Nicaragua) and
Giuliana Gasparrini (Italy) as Vice-Presidents; and Maragaret
Sangarwe (Zimbabwe) as Rapporteur.
ASSESSMENT PANEL PRESENTATIONS: Dan Albritton,
Scientific Assessment Panel Co-Chair, presented highlights of the
2002 scientific assessment of ozone depletion. He explained that,
inter alia, total chlorine abundance in the stratosphere is at
or near a peak, and the assessment outlines a scientific approach
for estimating the impacts of very short-lived ozone-depleting
Jan van der Leun, Environmental Effects
Assessment Panel Co-Chair, introduced the 2002 assessment on the
environmental effects of ozone depletion and interactions with
climate change. He explained that ozone depletion and climate change
influence each other and may have synergistic impacts on health,
terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, biogeochemical cycles and air
José Pons Pons, TEAP Co-Chair, presented the 2002
TEAP progress report. He said small quantities of ODS may be
necessary to maintain air quality in emergency vehicles in
contaminated areas and sufficient ODS stockpiles exist for such
Lambert Kuijpers, TEAP Co-Chair, discussed the
collection, recovery and storage of ODS. He explained, inter alia,
that: aerosol products, metered-dose inhalers (MDIs) and solvents
are nearly completely emissive applications with negligible amounts
of recoverable ODS; methyl bromide applications are mainly emissive
but some can be recovered from closed systems; and foams,
refrigeration and fire protection are delayed emission applications
with large recoverable ODS inventories.
Jonathan Banks, TEAP, outlined the work of the
TEAP task force on ODS destruction technology, foam and methyl
bromide. He noted that: the task force evaluated 45, and recommended
12, destruction technologies; the technical acceptability of
hydrocarbons in foams has increased with new technologies and safety
practices; the availability of low-priced chlorofluorocarbon-11
(CFC-11) hinders phase out in Article 5 Parties; and substantial
progress has been made in the development and trial of methyl
Radhey Agrawal, TEAP, said R-210A is the dominant
replacement for hydrochlorofluorocarbon-22 (HCFC-22) in air
conditioning units, and noted that, for mobile air conditioners,
hydrofluorocarbon-134A (HFC-134A) systems are becoming less
IMPLEMENTING AGENCY PRESENTATIONS: The United
Nations Development Programme (UNDP) highlighted that its Montreal
Protocol Unit is working in collaboration with Article 5 Parties on
the implementation of 16 total phase-out programmes, covering all
UNEP highlighted its role in assisting Article 5
Parties, including through capacity building, training, and policy
design. He remarked that UNEP has developed partnerships with the
public and private sectors, other UN bodies and the secretariats of
related conventions to tackle ozone depletion.
The United Nations Industrial Development
Organization (UNIDO) underscored that it has assisted ODS phase out
through projects in several Article 5 countries. He remarked that
the Multilateral Fund’s replenishment would ensure implementing
agencies can assist countries to comply with the Montreal Protocol.
The World Bank highlighted its role in
implementing ODS phase-out projects. Noting the World Summit on
Sustainable Development (WSSD) outcomes, he underscored that the
success of the Montreal Protocol depends largely on the Multilateral
MULTILATERAL FUND EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
PRESENTATION: Oladapo Afolabi (Nigeria), Multilateral Fund
Chair, presented the Executive Committee’s report (UNEP/
OzL.Pro.14/6). Highlighting the Committee’s achievements, he
emphasized the need to continue monitoring Article 5 Parties’
compliance and provide assistance when needed.
DELEGATION STATEMENTS: BANGLADESH stressed
the need to pay due attention to global warming and noted projects
undertaken with assistance from the Multilateral Fund on aerosol
sector phase out and service technician training. ARMENIA announced
that it would soon ratify the Montreal Protocol amendments, and drew
attention to its request to be reclassified as an Article 5 Party.
VENEZUELA, with CHINA, stressed the need for international technical
and financial cooperation with respect to combating illegal trade
and, also with EGYPT, KOREA and NIGERIA, emphasized the importance
of the Multilateral Fund replenishment. CHINA reported that it has
initiated ratification of the Copenhagen Amendment.
THAILAND declared that it has fulfilled all its
obligations under the Vienna Convention and the Montreal Protocol.
With KOREA, he called for enhancing cooperation between the Montreal
Protocol and the UNFCCC and, also with JAPAN, underscored outcomes
of the WSSD relative to the Montreal Protocol. JAPAN stressed the
growing need to build cooperation among Parties and stakeholders,
and called on the international community to provide financial and
SLOVAKIA noted its contribution to the
Multilateral Fund and said that its replenishment should take into
account the capability of donors. Supporting the high end of the
TEAP’s funding estimate, the US stated that Parties must come to an
agreement on replenishment of the Multilateral Fund. UGANDA
advocated increasing funding for technology transfer and stressed
the importance of non-investment ODS projects. Noting its
vulnerability to ozone depletion, URUGUAY urged Parties to find an
appropriate level for the funding requirement. ESTONIA underscored
the importance of enhancing compliance, the licensing system for ODS
import/ export and data reporting. EGYPT described its achievements
in reducing ODS use in industry and agriculture.
PREPARATORY SEGMENT RESUMED
IMPLEMENTATION COMMITTEE REPORT:
Implementation Committee President Mahfuzul Haque (Bangladesh)
introduced a corrigendum to the Implementation Committee’s draft
decision considered the previous day (Ozl.Pro.14/L.1/Add.1/ Corr.1)
and apologized to Ukraine for the error of including the country’s
name in the list of non-compliant Parties.
Co-Chair Catelin noted a reservation by MALDIVES
regarding its compliance status and the country’s request to amend
the report adding that Maldives had submitted a plan of action,
including a licensing system, an ODS import quota system and
controls on existing stocks of CFCs.
FIXED-EXCHANGE-RATE MECHANISM: Noting that
the issue of the fixed-exchange-rate mechanism is as crucial for
donor countries as the replenishment issue, the EU, supported by
CANADA, requested more time to carry out consultations.
ILLEGAL TRADE: POLAND noted agreement on
amendments to this draft decision (UNEP/OzL.Pro.14/CRP.12/Rev.1)
which, inter alia: invites Parties to report to the Ozone
Secretariat fully-proven cases of illegal trade in ODS and provides
for illegally-traded quantities not to be counted against the
Parties’ consumption provided the Party does not place these on its
COLOMBIA, the EC, JAPAN and the US expressed
support for the amended draft decision. An additional proposal by
the EC to specify that seized illegal imports should not be counted
in a Party’s consumption provided they are also not exported for
commercial purposes, was not accepted. COLOMBIA proposed, and
Parties agreed, to clarify that the encouragement to Parties to
introduce "economic incentives" to promote ODS substitutes should
"not impair international trade." The draft decision was forwarded
to the high-level segment.
METERED-DOSE INHALERS: The EC reported that,
following informal consultations, China’s concerns had been assuaged
and there was agreement on the draft decision (UNEP/
OzL.Pro.14/CRP.5/Rev.1) on MDIs. It was forwarded to the high-level
REFRIGERATION SERVICING AND CHILLERS: CUBA
presented a revised draft decision on this issue (UNEP/
OzL.Pro14/CRP.7/Rev.1) and proposed that the TEAP submit its report
on the refrigeration service sector made up by chillers to the 23rd
Open-Ended Working Group (OEWG-23) rather than the Executive
Committee. The amended draft decision was forwarded to the
high-level segment with minor modifications.
INTERACTION WITH THE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION:
COLOMBIA introduced a draft decision on interaction with the World
Trade Organization (WTO) (UNEP/OzL.Pro.14/ CRP.10/Rev.1), noting
that it requests the Ozone Secretariat, in coordination with the
Multilateral Fund Secretariat, to consult with the Montreal Protocol
Parties and Executive Committee members before responding to any WTO
requests to provide expert advice on the Montreal Protocolï¿½s trade
Several Parties expressed support for the draft
decision. The EU stated that requesting the Ozone Secretariat to
coordinate with the Multilateral Fund Secretariat is unnecessary.
SWITZERLAND opposed requesting the Ozone Secretariat to consult with
Executive Committee members. The US said allowing the Ozone
Secretariat to consult with Executive Committee members between MOP
sessions would expedite responding to requests for advice. ARGENTINA
argued that the MOP should be consulted, despite the delay involved.
LIBYA proposed that the Ozone Secretariat consult with Parties by
requesting submissions. The US suggested mandating the Ozone
Secretariat to provide general advice, but defer to the MOP for
deeper interpretations of the Protocolï¿½s trade-related provisions.
SWITZERLAND accepted the amendment, but noted for the record its
wish to be systematically consulted. The amended draft decision was
forwarded to the high-level segment.
TRUST FUNDS: On the Vienna Convention Trust
Fund, the CZECH REPUBLIC introduced a draft decision (UNEP/
OzL.Conv.6/CRP.2), which approves the 2004 and 2005 budgets and
takes note of the 2006 proposed budget. On the Montreal Protocol
Trust Fund, he presented a draft decision (UNEP/ OzL.Pro.14/CRP.16)
approving the 2003 budget and taking note of the 2004 proposed
budget. Noting savings in both Trust Funds, he highlighted that the
draft decisions establish two new Ozone Secretariat posts and reduce
Partiesï¿½ contributions by drawing down from reserves.
He also presented a document on the terms of
reference for the administration of the Trust Funds (UNEP/OzL.Conv.6/6
and UNEP/OzL.Pro.14/7), which, inter alia, notes changes
introduced by the UN General Assembly to the UN scale of
contributions and invites Parties to consider their impacts on the
two Trust Funds. BRAZIL, with CHINA, expressed reservations, and
CHINA noted that the changes should not automatically apply to
special UN agencies and other international organizations.
IN THE CORRIDORS
Participants in the Multilateral Fund
replenishment contact group reported that discussions had continued
to focus on the composition of the TEAP and G-77/China proposals, as
if unable to gather the Herculean strength needed to broach real
negotiations on specific numbers. Some delegates, in a playful mood,
were overheard placing bets on what figure would emerge, ranging
across a very broad spectrum. As the corridors of the conference
center emptied following the departure of delegates for a dinner
offered by the Italian Government, some observers were surprised
that hard bargaining would apparently not go on into the night.
THINGS TO LOOK FOR TODAY
PLENARY: Plenary will reconvene at 10:00 am
where 55 countries are expected to make statements. The high-level
segment is then expected to consider and adopt the draft decisions
submitted by the preparatory segment. The replenishment group will
meet at 10:30 am in the Lebanon Room.