Vol. 14 No. 36
Tuesday, 30May 2000
The PrepCom for Beijing+5 reconvened on Wednesday, 24 May 2000,
to continue discussing the proposed outcome document (E/
CN.6/2000/PC/L.1/Rev.3), following negotiations from 28 February
to 17 March , and intersessionals on 8, 9, 11, 15 and 16 May. From
24-26 May, Working Group I discussed Section II and Working Group
II discussed Section IV. Of approximately 302 paragraphs, 58 have
WORKING GROUP I
SECTION II: ACHIEVEMENTS AND OBSTACLES
Economy: In paragraph 14, on achievements, delegates
accepted references to: maternity, paternity and parental leave;
the promotion of women’s roles in entrepreneurship; and research
on barriers to economic empowerment. In paragraph 15, on
obstacles, delegates agreed on language stating, inter alia:
the importance of a gender perspective in macro-economic policy is
still not widely recognized; many women still work in, inter
alia, the informal economy as subsistence producers;
progression in professions, in most cases, is still more difficult
for women; persistent gender stereotyping has led to insufficient
encouragement for men to reconcile professional and family
responsibilities; and implementation of legislation and practical
support systems is still inadequate. Delegates agreed to JUSCANZ-amended
language on women with comparable skills and experience being
confronted with a gender wage gap and lagging behind men in income
and career mobility. ALGERIA and others requested brackets on
"some countries," "many women" and
"fully." On national legislation not recognizing women’s
equal rights to, inter alia, ownership of land and
inheritance, PAKISTAN and others opposed "equal" before
inheritance. The reference remains bracketed.
Human Rights: In paragraph 20, on achievements, delegates
agreed to language noting reforms of laws governing marriage and
family relations and women’s rights, and added a reference to
laws governing all forms of violence. The EU supported, and IRAN,
ALGERIA and LIBYA opposed, JUSCANZ language on sexual orientation.
It remains bracketed, along with text on awareness campaigns.
Delegates accepted reference to CEDAW's ratification, and deleted
text on human rights awareness. The EU, opposed by LIBYA and
ALGERIA, suggested wording on CEDAW's Optional Protocol allowing
women to submit claims on rights violations. The text remains
bracketed. Delegates accepted text referring to progress made in, inter
alia, mainstreaming a gender perspective into the UN system.
Brackets remain on references to the Commission on Human Rights (CHR)
and to NGO support for the Optional Protocol. In paragraph 21, on
obstacles, the G-77/CHINA requested brackets remain on a list of
forms of discrimination. Delegates agreed that universal
ratification of CEDAW by 2000 has not been achieved. Chair
Mlacak's compilation of G-77/China, JUSCANZ, Mexico, and EU
proposals on CEDAW implementation, legal standards, and harmful
attitudes remains bracketed. The G-77/CHINA proposed replacing EU
text on countries enforcing gender discrimination through law with
language on women having insufficient access to the law in many
countries. The text remains bracketed.
Media: In paragraph 22, on achievements, delegates agreed
to the paragraph with JUSCANZ amendments on, inter alia,
women’s media networks contributing to global information
dissemination. In paragraph 23, on obstacles, brackets remain on a
reference to obscene materials and pornography. Delegates agreed
to language on negative and/or degrading images of women, and to
deletion of a sentence on male norms. There was no consensus on a
reference to areas of journalism, or on a Holy See proposal for a
list of issues, including poverty and illiteracy, limiting access
to the Internet. A reference to political will and financial
resources was dropped following opposition from some Latin
American countries (SLAC) and others.
Environment: In paragraph 24, on achievements, delegates
agreed on text stating that some national environmental policies
and programmes have incorporated gender perspectives. Brackets
remain on: a merger of JUSCANZ and Mexico proposals that recognizes,
inter alia, the link between gender equality, poverty
eradication and sustainable development; and on a JUSCANZ
reference to traditional ecological knowledge of indigenous women.
Delegates agreed to delete a JUSCANZ reference to women’s
traditional knowledge. In paragraph 25, on obstacles, CUBA
suggested text on the need for addressing the root causes of
environmental problems. SOUTH AFRICA proposed a reference to, inter
alia, women’s lack of technical skills impeding sustainable
environmental decision-making. PALESTINE suggested text on foreign
occupation. The paragraph remains bracketed.
WORKING GROUP II
SECTION IV: FURTHER ACTIONS AND INITIATIVES
International Actions: In agreed 120(a), delegates accepted
JUSCANZ language on assisting governments to build institutional
capacity for, inter alia, PFA implementation. ALGERIA
specified assisting governments at their request. In 120(b), on
NGOs helping to, inter alia, monitor the PFA, SLAC, with
CHINA, advocated reference to following up instead of monitoring.
SOUTH AFRICA and the EU supported follow up and monitoring. A
number of delegations, including ALGERIA and PAKISTAN, called for
relocating the sub-paragraph to national actions, while the EU
preferred national and international actions. The text remains
bracketed. In agreed 120(b) bis, on national policies,
programmes and benchmarks for achieving a gender perspective, the
EU added a reference to NGOs, and substituted gender equality for
gender perspective. Delegates also relocated the text under
In 120(c), delegates agreed to language on allocating
sufficient resources to regional and national programmes for PFA
implementation. Delegates accepted a Russian Federation proposed
120(d), on assisting governments in EIT countries to, inter
alia, develop plans for women’s empowerment. In bracketed
120(e), delegates could not agree on a G-77/China proposal for a
database listing UN programmes and projects. The EU suggested
placing Iraq’s proposal for 120(e) bis, on economic
sanctions, under national and international actions. IRAQ, IRAN,
CUBA and ALGERIA supported the current placement. The text remains
In JUSCANZ-proposed 121(a), on mainstreaming a gender
perspective in the UN system, delegates disagreed on references
to, inter alia, participation of women and UN reform.
ALGERIA, IRAN and CHINA called for deleting the sub-paragraph,
which remains bracketed. Delegates agreed to 121(a) bis, on
supporting national efforts, particularly in developing countries,
for enlarged access to new information technology. The EU
proposed, and the G-77/CHINA opposed, relocating the paragraph
under national and international actions. Placement is pending.
In JUSCANZ-proposed 121(b), on training on gender mainstreaming
and the human rights of women for UN personnel, SLAC preferred
text on training on a gender perspective and including human
rights of women. The EU supported language on gender
mainstreaming. SLAC agreed to JUSCANZ amendments referring to
personnel receiving training in order to mainstream a gender
perspective in their work. PAKISTAN and LIBYA called for deletion
of the sub-paragraph, which remains bracketed. In 121(d), on
analysis of links between the PFA and relevant UN conferences,
PAKISTAN, with ALGERIA, LIBYA, PAKISTAN and SUDAN, called for
deletion. The sub-paragraph remains bracketed.
SLAC, with others, proposed deleting 121(e), on the CSW. The EU
suggested calling on the CSW to, inter alia, further
develop its role. The sub-paragraph remains bracketed. In agreed
121(f), on development planning, delegates accepted wording on
gender perspective as a "key" dimension of development.
In 121(g), on CEDAW, SLAC suggested deleting a reference to the
CEDAW Committee's comments and recommendations. JUSCANZ noted the
language reflects a GA resolution. It remains bracketed.
In 122(a), on gender-sensitive responses to humanitarian
crises, SLAC suggested assisting governments, upon request, to
develop these responses. PAKISTAN, with IRAN, questioned reference
to environmental degradation, and, with CUBA, supported language
on humanitarian "emergencies." ST. KITTS AND NEVIS and
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA highlighted natural disasters. The text
remains bracketed. In 122(a) bis, on UNHCR assistance to
refugees, GUINEA suggested CHR language. JUSCANZ preferred a
gender-specific focus. The text remains bracketed.
In 122(b), on women's participation at all levels of
decision-making in development activities and peace processes,
SLAC preferred reference to promoting participation. The EU
proposed language on all stages of design, planning and
implementation. PAKISTAN added text on supporting and ensuring
full and equal participation. LIBYA suggested distinguishing
language on development and peace-keeping activities, and
BANGLADESH proposed, with support from others, splitting the
sub-paragraph. Delegates agreed, but the text remains bracketed.
In 122(c), on empowering women and their organizations in, inter
alia, conflict prevention, SLAC, with CUBA, proposed deletion.
The EU opposed. PAKISTAN, with LIBYA and CUBA, proposed deleting a
reference to funding. JUSCANZ preferred text on strengthening
capacity for involvement in conflict prevention. PAKISTAN, with
LIBYA, called for replacing a reference to transformation with
reconstruction. The text remains bracketed. In 122(d), on
international tribunals, the EU preferred reference to encouraging
the International Criminal Tribunals, and the future ICC, in, inter
alia, fully implementing the gender-based provisions of the
respective statutes. She opposed MEXICO’s specification of
"existing" tribunals. SLAC, with the HOLY SEE ,
preferred supporting the work of the international tribunals.
ALGERIA and CHINA suggested deletion. The text remains bracketed.
In 123(a), on supporting women’s networks working to
eradicate violence against women, JUSCANZ suggested reference to
strengthening activities aimed at eradication, including
supporting women’s networks. Delegates agreed on this
formulation with amendments including text on: elimination instead
of eradication, supporting instead of strengthening, and networks
and organizations. Brackets remain on IRAN's proposal to support
activities "within the UN system." In 123(b), delegates
agreed to language on considering launching an international
"zero tolerance" campaign on violence against women.
They accepted a proposal by the EU, with others, not to specify
the year 2001.
The EU, with others, supported combining 124(a), on 50/50
gender distribution in posts, and 124(b), on women staff, but
amended JUSCANZ language, inter alia, to encourage
implementation of measures designed to achieve the goal of 50/50
gender balance in all posts, and report thereon as appropriate.
National and International Actions: Delegates agreed to
delete "other actors" from the chapeau to actions taken
at the international level and place it in the chapeau to actions
taken at the national and international level. The HOLY SEE
bracketed the reference.
Delegates merged 125(a), on gender-related analysis and
statistics, and 125(c), on national statistical offices. They
agreed to language on promoting international cooperation to
support regional and national efforts in the development and use
of gender-related analysis and statistics by, inter alia,
providing national statistical offices, upon their request, with
institutional and financial support. SLAC bracketed
"national" in a reference to gender-sensitive
statistical indicators. In 125(b), on compiling statistics,
delegates agreed to: replace text on taking a leadership role with
text on assisting countries upon their request; delete reference
to UN statistical services; and place this sub-paragraph under
international actions. Delegates agreed to place 125(d), on gender
perspectives in policies and programmes, under national actions.
Delegates deleted 125(e), on an international task force
developing consensus on common indicators on violence.
Sub-paragraphs 125(f)-(h) remain bracketed. In 125(f), on
developing indicators on violence, the EU proposed, while the
PHILLIPINES opposed, deleting references to migrant workers and
issues of importance to women. In 125(g), on crime statistics and
law trends, the EU supported text on transparency and awareness.
CHINA, with PAKISTAN, proposed deletion. SLAC, PAKISTAN and
ALGERIA suggested deleting 125(h), on a statistical database on
violence. The EU and JUSCANZ preferred reformulation.
In 126(a), on developing national capacity to undertake
policy-oriented research to enable knowledge-based policy-making,
the EU, CUBA and ALGERIA supported placement under national
actions. JUSCANZ proposed, while CHINA opposed, deleting national
capacity. The EU proposed reference to policy-making towards
gender equality. The text remains bracketed. Delegates deleted
126(d), on analyses of measures on violence. In 126(e), on
emerging trends creating new gender disparities, delegates adopted
an EU reformulation on continuing research on all current trends,
in order to provide a basis for policy action. Brackets remain on
127(g), on gender-sensitive development of, inter alia,
sustainable consumption patterns, and on 127 (j), on eliminating
the worst forms of child labor.