The G-77/CHINA stated that the historical context of planning in developing countries must be considered. He emphasized the need for capacity building, technology transfer and international cooperation. AUSTRALIA said national forest plans should entail ecologically sustainable management principles and participatory processes that recognize the conflicts between stakeholders. The REPUBLIC OF KOREA called for increased public participation and noted that planning processes may differ depending on ownership of land and socioeconomic conditions.
FRANCE called for an expanded discussion of planning processes, increased public participation and cooperation among all sectors. FINLAND stated that national plans should apply economic and social incentives and be created through a decentralized process. He noted the usefulness of forest inventories. IRAN recognized the need to plan differently for different types of forests.
COLOMBIA urged the IPF to consider planning methods other than those related to forestry and creative planning and funding mechanisms such as partnerships with developing countries. JAPAN called for international coordination to curb the proliferation of planning frameworks and prioritization of the planning processes of developing countries as a means of garnering assistance. ECUADOR urged that strategies be implemented and the coordination of funding mechanisms be improved, particularly with regard to forestry partnership agreements.
The NETHERLANDS called for clarification of forest versus forestry planning, and how biodiversity relates to both. Ecosystem and multi-sectoral approaches to planning are essential. BRAZIL stated that centralized planning has been inadequate, and called for intersectoral communication and consideration of the international market context in national planning. PAPUA NEW GUINEA called for a glossary of terms, and stated that top-down leadership provided by national governments may be necessary. INDIA underscored decentralized planning, and emphasized the participation of local communities, especially women.
GABON highlighted the sovereignty of states in managing resources, and underscored the use of local experts. ARGENTINA described national policy reform for forest plantations and native forests, supported by a national forest inventory. He emphasized the importance of indicators. SWITZERLAND stated that national forestry programmes must: serve as guidelines; incorporate central policies; and be participatory and binding.
MEXICO stated that sectoral planning is essential, especially relating to land-use, soil degradation, socioeconomics, and finance and technology transfer. FRIENDS OF THE EARTH suggested that: sustainable traditional land-use schemes should be recognized; land be set aside for its conservation value; those who remove forest cover should be liable for damages; and indigenous land rights should be recognized.
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