SECTION B. Adequate shelter for all (paragraphs 66-75): Subgroup C commenced with paragraph 67 (infrastructure provision). In paragraph 67(a) (management mechanisms), delegates agreed to services at the local level. In paragraph 67(b) (private sector), the G-77/China preferred community-based enterprise, and the US, the non-profit sector. In paragraph 67(c) (infrastructure and services), Israel proposed ESTs. Chair John Zetter summarized paragraph 67(d) (partnerships): Promote (Egypt) partnerships with the private sector and non-profit organizations (US) for the management (G-77/China) and delivery of services, and improve regulatory capacity. The US added economic sustainability (EU), efficiency and access.
In 68 (improving construction, maintenance and rehabilitation), the G-77/China added planning and design improvement to the subheading, and cost-effective building materials. Canada, supported by the G-77/China, added access for persons with disabilities. Regarding industrial standards and quality control, the EU added energy efficiency and the US added accessibility. The G-77/China recommended provision of adequate social services and improvement and rationalization of urban planning and shelter design. Action (a)bis refers to promotion of indigenous approaches, (b)bis to encouragement of public participation in assessing user needs and (c)bis to exchange of experience of best practices and technology transfer.
Paragraph 69 (effective response) was reformulated: To respond effectively (US) to planning and design (G-77/China), construction, maintenance and rehabilitation needs (US) Governments should act at appropriate levels (EU). In 69(a) (training) Canada and the EU deleted "wage" adjustments. The US introduced diversification of the supply of work skills, and provision for women. In 69(b) (community contracts) the US preferred CBOs. The EU introduced 69(c)bis to promote information exchange on technologies. In 69(d) (incentives for energy efficiency), the US added accessible structures and facilities. The US introduced 69(d)bis (participation of women, the disabled and disadvantaged). The US specified appropriate planning, design, construction and maintenance in the EU-proposed 69(d)ter (standards enforcement). In 69(f) (technical assistance for community and NGOs), Canada deleted "subsidized." In 69(i) (participation of women), the US added "people with disabilities" and "construction to suit individual and family requirements."
In the chapeau of 70 (locally produced building material) the EU introduced "environmentally sound, affordable and durable" building materials. In 70(a) (support small-scale building materials industries), the EU added "environmentally sound," the G-77/China introduced "small-scale local building materials industries and the expansion of their production and commercialization." Canada added research, development and information. In 70(b) (market competition), the G-77/China added "provide policies and guidelines to facilitate" fair market competition. In 70(c) (information exchange), the US supported accessible technologies. The US introduced adequate attention to safety needs in the new 70(d) (building standards). The new 70(f) (evaluation of progress) was accepted without amendment.
In paragraph 72 (competing on equal basis), EU and Australian amendments that attribute vulnerability to exclusion from the socio-economic mainstream and decision making were bracketed. The G-77/China added access to basic social services. The US qualified a reference to categories of vulnerable people, including [documented] migrants; and added lack of basic services and disproportionate environmental and health impacts as conditions of special risk. Canada added language on access. Delegates convened informal informals over the weekend.
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