On Wednesday, the Plenary met in the morning and afternoon to
hear high-level government representatives. Working Group I met
in the morning, afternoon and evening. Working Group II met in
the morning and evening. Working Group III met in the afternoon.
Contact groups on the environment, unilateral sanctions, trade,
and globalization and labor met in the afternoon.
Delegates heard statements on the review and appraisal of progress
since the WSSD and on proposals for further initiatives for the
full implementation of the Copenhagen Declaration and POA. Speakers
included one Head of Government, one Head of State, one Vice President,
three Deputy Prime Ministers, 20 Ministers, four Vice Ministers
and eight Chiefs of Delegation. Plenary statements can be found
on the Internet at: http://www.unog.ch/ga2000/socialsummit/speeches/speeches.htm.
WORKING GROUP I: PART III
COMMITMENT 7: AFRICA AND THE LDCs: In 90 bis, JAPAN agreed
to US- proposed text on "establishes" a World Solidarity Trust
Fund. The EU, with CANADA and AUSTRALIA, preferred "to consider
the modalities for establishing," and advocated deletion of "Trust."
The G-77/CHINA suggested, CANADA supported, and the EU opposed,
"consider the establishment of." Chair Maquieira proposed, and
delegates accepted, "encourages interested governments to consider
the establishment of." The sub-paragraph was agreed.
In paragraph 94, the G-77/CHINA preferred deletion of reference
to LDCs "committed to poverty reduction and economic and social
reform." The EU suggested "committed to implementing poverty reduction
strategies." BANGLADESH, SUDAN, CUBA and MEXICO opposed, stating
that the language required judgment on the boundaries of commitment.
The EU proposed, and BANGLADESH opposed, "in the context of their
poverty reduction efforts." The text remains bracketed. In paragraph
97, delegates agreed to text on the UN Secretary General's report
on the causes of conflict and the promotion of durable peace and
sustainable development, and the anticipation of the outputs of
the Open-Ended Ad Hoc Working Group on these issues.
COMMITMENT 8: STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT PROGRAMMES: In paragraph
104, on dialogue with IFIs, delegates agreed to work with the
Chair's proposal, but debated: a US proposal to emphasize dialogue
with governments; Japan's proposal to make SAPs transparent; and
the EU's formulation on consultations with various actors. Delegates
accepted G-77/China text on IFIs taking account of specific circumstances
of countries. Japan's proposal and a reference to the transparency
of IFIs were deleted. The EU supported, but others opposed, reference
to dialogue that "would" benefit from consultations, if "governments"
was subsequently deleted. The reference remains bracketed. In
104 bis, NORWAY, with CANADA and the EU, proposed language on
poverty reduction strategies, "inter alia, in connection with
the preparation" of poverty reduction strategy papers.
The Chair proposed a re-formulation without reference to the
papers, and the G-77/CHINA suggested "on a voluntary basis." The
US opposed this version, and called for adding reference to poverty
reduction strategy papers under paragraph 105, on national policies.
The text remains bracketed.The US, supported by the G- 77/ CHINA,
proposed reformulating 105(c) to refer to ensuring transparent
and accountable governance by both governments and IFIs. The US,
with JAPAN, said IFIs should be excluded as the context is national
polices. NEW ZEALAND, opposed by the EU and the G-77/CHINA, advocated
qualifying governance as "participa- tory." The text remains bracketed.
COMMITMENT 9: RESOURCE ALLOCATION: In 110(d), the US supported
EU language on requesting international support to strengthen
institutional capacity for preventing corruption and, inter alia,
illegal transfer of funds. The G-77/CHINA added funds repatriation
to countries of origin. The text was agreed. In paragraph 111,
the US, opposed by the G-77/CHINA, proposed text on "considering
further means, at the international level, to mobilize additional
resources for social development." No consensus was reached.Delegates
agreed to the G-77/CHINA's reformulated 111 (c), on improving
existing mechanisms for stabilizing commodity export earning to
respond to developing country producers concerns, and 111(d),
on tax avoidance. They deleted 111(f), on illegal transfers. In
112(c), on ODA, the EU suggested Beijing+5 language. The G-77/CHINA
preferred GA Resolution 54/202, calling upon developed countries
to fulfill the target for ODA as soon as possible. Describing
this as a "depressing development," the US, with the EU and JAPAN,
noted that ODA language has already been agreed in the WSSD+5
draft political declaration. The text remains bracketed.
Delegates confirmed agreement on 112(d), on the 20/20 initiative.
In 112(e), on concessional financing, the US opposed a G-77/ China
reference to "increased." Japan called for deleting references
to, inter alia, lending countries' commitment. The G-77/ CHINA
preferred "providing," while the EU supported "continuing to provide."
In 112(f), PARAGUAY and LAOS stressed landlocked countries. ARMENIA
specified EITs. The G-77/CHINA, opposed by the US, proposed GA
resolution text on providing landlocked and transit developing
countries with appropriate technical and financial assistance.
There was no consensus.
WORKING GROUP II: PART III
COMMITMENT 2: POVERTY ERADICTION: In 27 bis (o), delegates
agreed on references to "social impact assessments," based on
previously agreed language.
COMMITMENT 3: EMPLOYMENT: EGYPT, with PAKISTAN, INDIA
and CUBA, noted that paragraph 40(a), agreed in a contact group,
was ambiguous and proposed new language on encouraging the private
sector to respect and promote the principles included in the ILO
Declaration on Fundamental Rights and Principles at Work. The
text remains bracketed.
COMMITMENT 4: SOCIAL INTEGRATION: In paragraph 67, on
strengthening UN bodies, delegates agreed to text calling for
greater attention to "children, including unaccompanied refugee
minors, displaced children, children separated from their families,
those acting as soldiers and those involved in armed conflicts.".
COMMITMENT 6: EDUCATION AND HEALTH: In 75 bis, on measures
against HIV/AIDS, delegates accepted G-77/ China-proposed text
on HIV/AIDS and "other sexually transmitted infections." The HOLY
SEE withdrew its proposal to merge 75 bis (a) and (b), and proposed
language in (b) on "full partnership with youth, parents, families,
educators and health-care providers." Delegates agreed to these
formulations. In paragraph 76, on international efforts against
HIV/AIDS, the G-77/CHINA proposed, and delegates accepted, adding
reference to affordable medication. They deleted paragraph 76
bis. NORWAY, with CANADA and the G-77/CHINA, supported language
highlighting political commitment. SUDAN, with CUBA, underscored
"other pharmaceutical agents." The paragraph was agreed.
COMMITMENT 7: AFRICA AND THE LDCS: In paragraph 99, on
UNAIDS, delegates agreed on: a G-77/China insertion of "upon request
in the chapeau;" the EU's proposal for text on "wider access and
"quality" medication, and text from the 53rd World Health Assembly
on access to medicine in 99(a); and the EU's proposal for text
on youth in 99(b). In 100 bis, delegates agreed to include references
to, "inter alia," national programmes and social security; and
deleted refer- ences to "formation of" and "including abstinence."
The paragraph was agreed. Paragraph 101 was agreed after delegates
accepted: an EU reference to vaccines; text on improving control
and treatment of communicable and infectious diseases; and language
on assisting in making vaccines and medicines for the control
and treatment of these diseases widely available at affordable
COMMITMENT 10: SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION: In paragraph
124, on people-centered sustainable development: AUSTRALIA supported
good governance over transparent and accountable governance; the
EU proposed referring to an open and equitable multilateral trading
system; the US advocated replacing equitable with rule- based;
and IRAN specified non-discriminatory. JAPAN, supported by the
US, proposed reference to trading regimes conducive to sustainable
development. The EU proposed text on the participation of civil
society and full respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms.
CUBA specified all human rights and the right to development,
and opposed calls for deletion of the paragraph. The text remains
In paragraph 126, on legislative action and awareness raising
for implementing WSSD commitments and further initiatives, CANADA,
supported by AUSTRALIA, the US and MEXICO, amended text to invite
parliamentarians and legislators to adopt measures. The G-77/CHINA
preferred inviting "parliamentarians" to continue to adopt legislative
measures. Delegates agreed on inviting "Parliamentarians" to continue
to adopt legislative measures, as necessary, and to expand awareness-raising,
for implementation. In paragraph 128, delegates agreed to text
on inviting ECOSOC to consolidate ongoing initiatives and actions,
with a view to launching a global campaign to eradicate poverty.
WORKING GROUP III: PART I
Chair Asadi proposed a new package deal for paragraphs 5, 6 bis
and 9, including, inter alia: reference to fundamental principles
and rights at work in 5; deletion of bracketed text in 6 bis;
and a strengthened and more stable international financial system
in paragraph 9. The EU, supported by CANADA and SWITZERLAND, reiterated
good governance and their preference for text in paragraph 5 on
the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work
and its follow-up. The G-77/CHINA noted preference for references
to mobilization of resources, the question of debt problems, and
migrant workers. MEXICO supported reference to fundamental principles
and rights at work and to vulnerable groups such as unemployed
and migrant workers. CUBA emphasized, inter alia, transparent
and responsible governance for international institutions including
IFIs. NORWAY suggested reference to the Copenhagen Declaration.
CHINA highlighted the importance of poverty eradication. With
no consensus, discussion was deferred.
ENVIRONMENT: Chair Sonia Felicity Elliott invited discussion
on paragraph 6. Delegates debated suggestions to: delete a reference
to environment in text on social and economic policies; reflect
all environmental agreements under consideration at the international
level; and confine environmental references to the political declaration.
Others noted environmental issues are more linked to consumption.
Delegates agreed, ad referendum, to: amend the chapeau using
language from paragraph 2 of the POA to enhance positive interac-
tion between social, economic and environmental policies; merge
the chapeau text with 6(a), on promoting the integrated and simul-
taneous consideration of this objective; delete all bracketed
text except references to "sustainable livelihoods;" and drop
6(b), on an integrated approach to these policies, because the
reference was perceived to be a conditionality.
UNILATERAL MEASURES: Chaired by Luis Fern�ndo Carranza-Cifuentes,
the contact group discussed paragraph 9. A participant stressed
the understanding, and called for confirmation, that a bilateral
agreement was reached to incorporate paragraph 125E of Beijing+5
without amendment. He underscored further negotiation depended
on clarification. Proposing fine-tuning to align 125E with WSSD+5,
another delegate advocated reference to disabled and elderly people
and to measures seriously affecting realisation of social development
goals. Supporting the Beijing text, a participant suggested the
latter amendment was repetitious. Another stressed the need to
reflect Copenhagen's context and the presence of stronger unilateral
measures over the past five years. With no agreement, and citing
WSSD+5 agreed paragraphs, participants differed over the standard
of falling back on, versus fine-tuning, recently agreed language.
GLOBALIZATION AND LABOR: In paragraph 39, some delegates
proposed a new formulation of the text, recommending, inter alia,
that the ILO establish a dialogue within its mandate with other
organizations of the international system. While some accepted
this language, others could not support cooperation between the
ILO and WTO. One delegate suggested deleting reference to the
WTO. Another indicated unwillingness to give the ILO further mandates
or roles. Some underscored the need to address how to develop
such a dialogue. With no consensus, further discussion was deferred.
IN THE CORRIDORS
Let the trade-offs begin. As negotiations approach the critical
midnight hour (after which it is a sure bet that delegates won't
be spending Saturday strolling by the lake), delegates broke early
last night to rest up for the most heated battles today. Or was
it because of certain national interests in the Euro 2000 soccer
match? One high-level commentator suggested that the many remaining
brackets would fall steadily before long hours of hard work, and
predicted that there wouldn't be any last minute takeovers of
the process. Another, having experienced the frequent implosion
of package deals, issued a last minute plea to delegates to at
least not make things more difficult, even if they can't agree.
Meanwhile, NGOs caught the attention of the world's media by throwing
handfuls of A Better World for All in the trash, and at least
one top UN official was heard bemoaning his agency's contribution
to this ongoing public relations debacle...