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III. PRODUCTIVE EMPLOYMENT AND THE REDUCTION OF UNEMPLOYMENT

The basis for action in this chapter is that productive work is not only a means of economic livelihood, but a defining element of human identity. As such, high levels of unemployment and underemployment require that the State, the private sector and other actors and institutions cooperate to create the conditions, knowledge and skills necessary for people to work productively.

A. THE CENTRALITY OF EMPLOYMENT-INTENSIVE GROWTH IN POLICY FORMATION: Themes in this section include: placing the creation of productive employment at the centre of development strategies and economic and social policies; minimizing the negative impact on jobs of measures for macroeconomic stability; stimulating employment-intensive growth; and enhancing opportunities for the creation and growth of private sector enterprises that would generate additional employment.

B. EDUCATION, TRAINING AND LABOUR POLICIES: The actions in this section address: encouraging people to work productively in today"s rapidly changing global environment and for workers to move from low productivity to better quality jobs; and helping workers adapt and enhance their employment possibilities under changing economic conditions.

C. ENHANCED QUALITY OF WORK AND EMPLOYMENT: The actions in this section address: means by which governments should enhance the quality of work and employment; and means to achieve a healthy and safe working environment, remove exploitation, raise productivity and enhance the quality of life.

D. ENHANCED EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES FOR GROUPS WITH SPECIAL NEEDS: Themes in this section include: improving the design of policies and programmes; addressing the problems of long-term unemployment; guaranteeing all young people constructive options for their future; ensuring the full participation of women in the labour market and their equal access to employment opportunities; broadening the full range of employment opportunities for disabled persons; and intensifying international cooperation to provide for the needs of migrant workers and their families.

E. A BROADER CONCEPTION OF WORK AND EMPLOYMENT: This section outlines how to develop and implement a broader conception of work and employment.

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