The UN Development Programme (UNDP) convened a roundtable on global change entitled "Change: Social Conflict or Harmony?" from 22-24 July 1994 in Stockholm, Sweden. More than 150 participants analyzed the reasons why efforts have often failed to ensure human security and proposed action at both the national and international levels. Participants also examined possible solutions to poverty, unemployment and social fractures. Five working groups were established to examine issues of human security, poverty, jobs, social integration, and political will. The Roundtable's recommendations to the Social Summit include: the adoption of a global compact that could include a three percent reduction in military spending and a three-year phase-out in military assistance, military bases and subsidies to arms exporters; the recognition of the role of the civil society; and the use of the media in empowering people and in shaping their perception of reality.