Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)
Vol. 09 No. 236
Wednesday, 17 April 2002
CBD COP-6 HIGHLIGHTS:
TUESDAY, 16 APRIL 2002
Delegates met in two Working Groups and contact
groups. Working Group I (WG-I) discussed Conference Room Papers (CRPs)
on: the ecosystem approach; sustainable use; incentive measures;
liability and redress; biodiversity and tourism; and invasive alien
species. Working Group II (WG-II) discussed CRPs on: cooperation
with other conventions, international organizations and initiatives;
access and benefit-sharing (ABS); implementation and operations of
the Convention; and contribution to the ten-year review of Agenda
21. Contact groups on forest biodiversity, the strategic plan, and
financial resources and mechanism also met.
WORKING GROUP I
Delegates adopted CRPs on the ecosystem approach
(UNEP/ CBD/COP/6/WG.I/CRP.13), sustainable use (CRP.11), incentive
measures (CRP.9), and liability and redress (CRP.10), with minor
On biodiversity and tourism, delegates adopted
UNEP/CBD/ COP/6/WG.I/CRP.12, with an amendment suggested by GERMANY
requesting the Executive Secretary to gather and compile case
studies on guidelines for implementation for SBSTTA review before
On invasive alien species, WG-I considered UNEP/CBD/COP/
6/WG.I/CRP.14. The INTERNATIONAL INDIGENOUS FORUM ON BIODIVERSITY (IIFB)
called for additional references to indigenous knowledge and
participation of indigenous peoples. CANADA commented on the
difficulty of evaluating the IIFB’s proposed text in the context of
the overall document, and WG-II Chair Peter Schei (Norway) suggested
including the IIFB’s statement in the report of the meeting.
Delegates then adopted the CRP.
WORKING GROUP II
COOPERATION WITH OTHER CONVENTIONS, INTERNATIONAL
ORGANIZATIONS AND INITIATIVES: WG-II Chair Elaine Fisher
(Jamaica) resumed discussions on UNEP/CBD/COP/6/WG.II/CRP.4. The
EUROPEAN COMMUNITY (EC) presented language resulting from informal
consultations on the mutual supportiveness between the Biosafety
Protocol and the relevant WTO agreements. Delegates discussed
additions on: extending WIPO’s role on matters related to IPR and
genetic resources; urging the joint liaison group of the CBD, CCD
and UNFCCC to become fully operational; establishing cooperation
with the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues; and referencing
regional initiatives in the context of harmonizing national
programmes among various multilateral environmental agreements. A
revised CRP will be prepared.
ACCESS AND BENEFIT-SHARING: The Secretariat
introduced UNEP/CBD/COP/6/WG.II/CRP.6. Contact group Co-Chairs Alwin
Kopse (Switzerland) and Brendan Tobin (Peru) highlighted work on
issues related to derivatives, the appendices, user and provider
responsibilities, intellectual property rights (IPR), use of terms
and other issues. They noted no agreement on a process to address
use of terms and tabled a proposal for consideration, containing
within the decision, reconvening the Working
Group on ABS to address the use of terms, continue work on other
approaches and explore measures to support compliance with prior
informed consent (PIC) and mutually agreed terms (MATs) for
under the guidelines’ key features, noting that
nothing should: affect the sovereign rights of States over their
natural resources; be interpreted to assign any rights over
genetic resources, particularly regarding terms such as provider,
user and stakeholder; or be interpreted as affecting rights and
obligations relating to genetic resources arising from the MATs
under which the resources were obtained from the country of
under principles for PIC, amending language for
restrictions on access to be transparent, based on legal grounds
and not running counter to the CBD’s objectives.
After Chair Fisher’s request for adoption of the
package proposal, the EC suggested that COP-7 consider reconvening a
Working Group on ABS, with other amendments. Chair Fisher referred
further discussion to a "Friends of the Chair" group.
In the afternoon, Co-Chair Kopse presented a
corrigendum to CRP.6. He highlighted amendments, including: the
mandate of the Working Group on ABS to additionally address
capacity-building needs and consider reports; an invitation to
governments and organizations to submit information on the use of
terms, other approaches, measures to support compliance with PIC and
MATs and capacity-building needs; and other textual changes.
Delegates applauded adoption of the document,
including the Bonn Guidelines on ABS. Cameroon, on behalf of the
AFRICAN GROUP, called for negotiations on a legally binding
instrument on ABS.
IMPLEMENTATION AND OPERATIONS OF THE CONVENTION:
Chair Fisher presented UNEP/CBD/COP/6/ WG.II/CRP.2/Rev.1.
Delegates debated bracketed language on establishing a monitoring
system for CBD implementation, deciding to wait for the outcome of
deliberations on the strategic plan. Other minor changes were
suggested, which will be included in a revised CRP.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE TEN-YEAR REVIEW OF AGENDA 21:
Chair Fisher opened discussions on UNEP/CBD/ COP/6/WG.II/CRP.5, an
annex to the Ministerial Declaration to be sent to the WSSD,
highlighting additional language on an inter-sessional meeting to
review the WSSD’s outcome. The EU questioned the value and cost of
such a meeting, and AUSTRALIA, with KENYA, proposed holding it in
conjunction with another one. DENMARK and the NETHERLANDS suggested
reporting on CBD related outcomes from the WSSD at COP-7.
Calling for a single message to the WSSD,
SWITZERLAND, supported by AUSTRALIA, requested bracketing the
section on ideas and proposals for the implementation of Agenda 21
until adoption of the Ministerial declaration. The EU opposed,
stating that the Ministerial meeting and the COP were separate
processes and could not dictate each other language.
On involving national focal points and NGOs in
the WSSD process, INDONESIA proposed additional language on
government initiatives for involving different stakeholders, while
deleting reference to NGOs. DENMARK and the NETHERLANDS suggested
reference to stakeholders, including NGOs. On the areas of mutually
reinforcing implementation, BANGLADESH added public participation,
in particular of women and NGOs. INDONESIA, with many, suggested
that the statement be submitted to WSSD’s fourth preparatory
committee. CHINA and others proposed adding language on GEF’s
financial contribution to CBD implementation.
AUSTRALIA, supported by CANADA, clarified
reference to the Cartagena Protocol and opposed the idea of
harmonization between multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs)
and other international agreements. Delegates debated a proposal by
KENYA on the negative impacts of patenting on development and,
instead, agreed on a proposal by ARGENTINA to urge the transfer of
environmentally sound and safe technologies to developing countries.
A revised CRP will be prepared.
FOREST BIODIVERSITY: Chair Alfred
Oteng-Yeboah (Ghana) convened contact group meetings in the
afternoon and evening. Some delegates advocated developing a
specific format for reporting on forest biodiversity, while others
emphasized reporting through existing national reports. Delegates
agreed that Parties should report on forest biodiversity within
their national reports, and that the Executive Secretary should
develop a format for the reports’ section on forest biodiversity
with the Collaborative Partnership on Forests. On a proposal
requesting the Executive Secretary to identify partners in
implementation and to develop a mechanism to assess implementation,
some preferred that SBSTTA initiate this work, and the matter
Delegates agreed to urge governments to address
the effectiveness of forest and forest-related laws and their
enforcement, as well as related trade, and delegates also agreed on
language recognizing the role of indigenous and local communities,
in particular women.
Some developing countries opposed a proposal for
a year 2020-target to halt and reverse forest biodiversity loss,
noting lack of financial resources and capacity for implementation,
as well as the need for balance between the CBD's objectives. The
need for particular attention to certain types of forests was
debated at length, with delegates agreeing on urgent action for
forests that are "ecologically significant and/or most important for
biological diversity on national and regional scales and according
to national priorities" as well as areas subject to "loss or threats
of loss" of forest biodiversity.
Delegates discussed the need for "provision" or
"availability" of financial resources, but did not agree. They also
could not agree on whether to call for "sufficient," "increased" or
"new and additional" funding. Regarding guidance to the GEF,
delegates agreed on reference to "native" forests.
While delegates acknowledged the need for
regional and international actions and collaboration for some of the
work programme activities, they could not agree on having a list of
initial tasks. Some stressed that national priority-setting should
form the basis for international activities, while others
underscored the CBD's role in providing guidance for regional and
international implementation of the work programme. Delegates agreed
to a proposal to provide a CHM portal for Parties to seek and
provide support for implementation of countries’ priorities.
Discussions continued into the night.
STRATEGIC PLAN: A "Friends of the Chair"
group met in the morning to review the outstanding strategic goals
and objectives. The contact group considered their draft in the
afternoon. Under the goal on national biodiversity strategies and
action plans (NBSAPs) as a framework for CBD implementation,
delegates discussed and revised text on: reference to the
Convention’s objectives and clear national priorities; the need for
an objective on regulatory frameworks to implement the Biosafety
Protocol; and a new proposal on NBSAP priorities for national
implementation and contribution to the global biodiversity agenda.
Delegates did not agree to a proposal on protected areas. Regarding
the goal on raising awareness and understanding of the CBD,
delegates debated references to communication, education and
awareness, and made amendments to the specific objectives.
In the section on review, the group debated
sources of information for use in reviewing the strategic planï¿½s
implementation, as well as language on monitoring and evaluating
progress. With regard to a future evaluation process, the group
developed language for a decision calling for the Executive
Secretary to develop a proposal for consideration at an inter-sessional
FINANCIAL RESOURCES AND MECHANISM: Co-Chair
Linda Brown (UK) introduced a Chairï¿½s text on draft decisions on
additional financial resources and financial mechanism. Concerning
additional financial resources, delegates considered preambular
paragraphs, with unresolved debates on reference to the Monterrey
Consensus and on whether text on support for the GEFï¿½s third
replenishment should be incorporated in the draft decision on
financial mechanism. Delegates deleted text on nominating focal
points for financial resources, noting that it duplicated Decision
V/11.5. They agreed on text to review national budgets and monetary
policies in relation to biodiversity conservation and sustainable
IN THE CORRIDORS
With the advent of the Ministerial segment, some
delegates hoped it would bring direct pressure to bear on
outstanding issues, such as forests and the strategic plan, with
some highlighting it as the key test in moving the CBD from policy
prescriptions to implementation and action.
Most hailed WG-IIï¿½s adoption of the Bonn
guidelines on ABS, although concerns were raised about the budgetary
implications and realities regarding inter-sessional work to address
outstanding issues on ABS and the strategic plan.
THINGS TO LOOK FOR TODAY
WORKING GROUP I: WG-I will convene at 3:00 pm
in the Prins Willem Alexander Hall to review progress on forest
WORKING GROUP II: WG-II will convene at 10:00
am in the Van Gogh Hall to resume discussion of remaining CRPs on
Article 8(j), the strategic plan, implementation and operations of
the convention, education and public awareness, cooperation with
other conventions, and contribution to the ten-year review of Agenda
MINISTERIAL SEGMENT: The Ministerial segment
will commence at 10:00 am.