TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER: The Secretariat introduced the document on access to and transfer of technology (UNEP/CBD/COP/3/21). SBSTTA Chair, Peter Schei (Norway), reviewed SBSTTA decision II/3 and called for an integrated approach to facilitating technology transfer.
The G-77/CHINA and SOUTH AFRICA sought an inventory of transferable technology, and with UNCTAD, INDIA, MALAWI, MALAYSIA, the PHILIPPINES, SWITZERLAND and others, stressed the need for capacity-building in developing countries. MALAWI called on the GEF to provide financial resources for capacity- building.
UNCTAD called attention to an international biotrading market with incentives for conservation of biological resources. SOUTH AFRICA, on behalf of the African Group, stressed that only environmentally sound technologies (ESTs) should be transferred. The EU called for the establishment of an international framework to facilitate cooperation in technology transfer. MALAYSIA and the PHILIPPINES called for further development of the CHM and better definition of the GEFs role and, with the REPUBLIC OF KOREA, increased private sector involvement. RWANDA said food security should be a priority in technology transfer. SWEDEN stressed capacity-building, incentives and enhancement of the CHM. TANZANIA emphasized the transfer of ESTs and benefit- sharing.
CHILE emphasized biosafety and traditional knowledge. DOMINICA called for genuine partnerships in technology transfer. HAITI highlighted insufficient financial resources. CANADA supported networks to promote technology transfer. The LATIN AMERICAN PLANT SCIENCES NETWORK highlighted training programs in botany and biotechnology.
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS: The Secretariat introduced the documents addressing IPR and the relationship between the CBD and the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) (UNEP/CBD/COP/3/22 and 23). The EU linked well-functioning IPR systems to CBD implementation. C�TE DIVOIRE, on behalf of the African Group, called for IPR for traditional knowledge and a legal mechanism on access. SOUTH AFRICA and NEW ZEALAND highlighted adapting IPR to traditional knowledge. GERMANY called IPR catalytic in benefit- sharing arrangements. AUSTRALIA preferred that IPR be discussed under CBD objectives rather than separately. CANADA recognized the need to respect the contributions of indigenous knowledge to fulfilling the CBDs three objectives.
INDIA, BRAZIL, TANZANIA and MALAYSIA supported the recommendation for further study on patent application disclosure policy. The US supported voluntary disclosure of location of origin but opposed a requirement. The PHILIPPINES, JAPAN and others encouraged the preparation of case studies of IPR impacts. The PHILIPPINES and COLOMBIA said the COP should ensure that ownership of information disseminated through the CHM be retained by the providers.
The G-77/CHINA and FRANCE called for collaboration with WIPO. MEXICO expressed concern over a WIPO proposal for copyrighting databases and urged an impact analysis. BOLIVIA said legal systems are not adequate to tackle matters of indigenous knowledge, innovations and practices. INDONESIA called for an end to biopiracy. FRIENDS OF THE EARTH INTERNATIONAL noted that the CBDs third objective, benefit-sharing, has not received adequate attention. GREEN INDUSTRY BIOTECHNOLOGY PLATFORM said private investment will only occur where intellectual property protection is strong. FUNDACION NATURA opposed patenting human genes and said research on human genetics should be for medical uses only.
NORWAY, NEW ZEALAND, AUSTRALIA and the G-77/CHINA agreed that the CBD should send a statement to the CTE and should participate in its deliberations. SWITZERLAND, the US, FRANCE and the EU advocated that the CBD apply to the CTE for observer status.
BRAZIL suggested that the COP make proposals to the WTO to review TRIPs in 1999. The INDIAN INSTITUTE OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION said the document on TRIPs does not address the potential conflict between it and the CBD and called for a critical assessment of TRIPs and GATT as a whole. THIRD WORLD NETWORK said there is a clear conflict between TRIPs and the CBD and asked the COP to consider recommending the deletion of patenting of life provisions to the TRIPs review in 1999.
IMPLEMENTATION OF ARTICLE 11: The Secretariat introduced the documents regarding incentive measures (UNEP/CBD/COP/3/24 and Inf.36). The EU said incentives are flexible means to complement conservation. ARGENTINA called for incentives beyond protected areas. SOUTH AFRICA emphasized enabling legislation. UGANDA, on behalf of the AFRICAN GROUP, proposed a work programme on incentives. MALAWI and SWITZERLAND called for a standing agenda item on incentives. NORWAY disagreed, calling for integration into thematic and sectoral issues.
AUSTRALIA called for incentives including education, property rights and marketing measures. SENEGAL requested information on the private sector and capacity-building. INDONESIA requested input from SBSTTA-3. CAPE VERDE called for social and cultural incentives. SOUTH KOREA proposed a step-by-step approach, and, with PERU, called for case studies and valuation. NEPAL called for economic and social incentives. SWITZERLAND emphasized incentives giving immediate results and correcting perverse incentives.
The US and NORWAY stated that voluntary and mandatory measures complement incentives. The NETHERLANDS highlighted a sectoral view. COLOMBIA underscored permanent, direct and regional incentives. CANADA called for the incorporation of market forces. The NETHERLANDS COMMITTEE for the IUCN highlighted removal of perverse incentives.
INPUT TO THE SPECIAL SESSION OF THE UNGA: The Secretariat introduced the document addressing input to the Special Session of the UNGA from the perspective of the Conventions three objectives (UNEP/CBD/COP/3/25, Inf.6 and Inf.42). Numerous delegations supported the proposal to submit a report to the Special Session in June 1997. The EU recommended that the report be succinct and include a summary of the Conventions work and lessons learned on each of the three objectives, as well as an expression of willingness to continue to work closely with other international fora. NEW ZEALAND and INDONESIA highlighted the need to avoid duplication of work. CANADA said the COP should use the opportunity to exhort the major financial institutions to factor the Conventions objectives into their deliberations. CUBA highlighted the present state of implementation and, with COLOMBIA and HUNGARY, emphasized the relations established with other Conventions. The NETHERLANDS underscored the cross-sectoral nature of biodiversity and the need to integrate it into the relevant CSD agenda items. NORWAY and ZIMBABWE noted the importance of integrating biodiversity concerns into other processes and sectors.
The CHAIR summarized the recommendations and informed delegates that the Secretariat would prepare a draft for discussion. A drafting group, chaired by Terry Jones (The Seychelles), was formed and met over the weekend to draft a statement to the Special Session.
BIOSAFETY: The Secretariat introduced the report of the first meeting of the Open-Ended Ad Hoc Working Group on Biosafety (BSWG) (UNEP/CBD/COP/3/26 and 27). The Chair of the BSWG, Veit Koester (Denmark), presented the meetings procedural recommendations to the COP.
Most delegations supported the establishment of a ten member Bureau but were divided on the issue of its permanence. The EU, CHINA, the PHILIPPINES, HUNGARY and MEXICO said the Bureau should be comprised of its current members. The EU, the UK, CHINA, INDONESIA, the PHILIPPINES, NEW ZEALAND and NORWAY supported the establishment of a permanent Bureau while ZIMBABWE, CAMEROON and MOROCCO expressed reservations. MOROCCO suggested that half of the Bureau be renewed each year. BRAZIL, VENEZUELA and TUNISIA called for a rotating Bureau.
BOLIVIA, VENEZUELA, EQUATORIAL GUINEA and TUNISIA stated that socio- economic considerations and liability should be addressed in future protocol negotiations.
CAMEROON, TANZANIA, the UK, the RUSSIAN FEDERATION, MEXICO, ZIMBABWE, NEW ZEALAND, SWITZERLAND and TUNISIA underscored the need for capacity-building in biosafety. TUNISIA stated that a protocol should address prior informed agreement.
MALAYSIA, SWITZERLAND and ITALY endorsed the UNEP International Technical Guidelines for Safety in Biotechnology. BRAZIL supported the Guidelines as an interim mechanism until a protocol is finalized. NORWAY noted that the Guidelines should not prejudice or exclude any relevant elements from a future biosafety protocol. EQUATORIAL GUINEA recommended that COP consider the appropriateness of the Guidelines without funds for their implementation.
THIRD WORLD NETWORK and GREENPEACE INTERNATIONAL called for a global moratorium on GMOs. BIOTECHNOLOGY INDUSTRY ORGANIZATION underscored the benefits of judiciously applied biotechnology and recommended that the Secretariat consider recent consultations between WTO and FAO. GREEN INDUSTRY BIOTECHNOLOGY PLATFORM stated that the private sector should participate fully to ensure effective implementation.
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