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A/CONF.164/13:

The negotiating text prepared by the Chair is divided into two parts: compliance and enforcement by flag States and regional arrangements for compliance and enforcement. The first section says that States shall ensure compliance by vessels flying their flag with applicable management measures, including adopting legislation and administrative measures and providing for the effective enforcement of such measures. The paper includes provisions for investigating alleged violations and implementing compliance measures, including sanctions. In the second part on regional arrangements, the paper says that States should agree on procedures under which the appropriate authorities of one State may board, inspect and, if appropriate, arrest a fishing vessel flying the flag of another State. States may take cooperative action to prevent vessels that have violated agreed management measures from fishing in the region. It also provides recommendations for dealing with unregistered fishing vessels and fishing vessels that conceal their identification.