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CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT MEASURES

Japan said that conservation and management measures should apply throughout the range of the species concerned. Thus management should be consistent in both the EEZs and the high seas. Yet the sovereignty of the coastal State within its EEZ should not be questioned. For conservation and management, a common standard of data not only from the high seas but also from coastal States is needed.

The US said that conservation regimes should employ a multispecies, ecosystem approach and should recognize the principle of conserving resources at levels no less than that which will produce the long-term maximum sustainable yield, rather than short term profits. The precautionary approach should be used in managing these stocks.

The Philippines said that the legal or moral instruments and the operational and scientific modalities must be considered with great care. The concept of optimum utilization of fish stocks needs to be more clearly defined. China said that conservation and management measures must be observed inside and outside of the EEZs. Cuba said these measures should be compatible with legal standards.

Poland added that conservation and management must be geared toward the prevention of overexploitation and to the preservation of fisheries. Sweden said that no fish stock only occurs beyond the EEZs and that many occur within and outside the EEZs. These must be managed in a coordinated way on both sides. Management measures must differ between geographic areas. Norway stated that conservation and management, particularly in relation to Total Allowable Catch (TAC), should be based on the best available scientific data supplied by an internationally recognized scientific body. Scientifically-based conservation and management ensures sustainability and responsibility regarding fisheries.

The Russian Federation said that the general universal measures referred to in Item I of A/CONF.164/10 are the foundation on which regional and subregional cooperation should be built, with a view towards conservation and management of fish stocks. The EC said that States have an obligation to conserve living marine resources on both sides of the EEZ. WWF mentioned that to meet the conservation mandate, limited access, restricted seasons or areas, limiting gear types and promoting environmental impact assessments should be considered.

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