MAJOR ISSUES BEFORE THE CONFERENCE
The organizational session requested that the Chair prepare a paper
containing a list of substantive subjects and issues. This
document, A/CONF.164/10, "A guide to the issues before the
Conference prepared by the Chairman," lists the following issues
that should be addressed:
- What is the general nature of the measures that States must establish for the conservation and management of the two types of fish stocks?
- How should the mechanism for cooperation in respect of the two stocks be established?
- What should be the responsibilities of regional organizations or other regional arrangements concerning the two types of fish stocks?
- How to ensure compliance with regional conservation and management measures?
- How to ensure effective enforcement of the conservation and management measures established for a region or subregion in respect of a stock?
- How to deal with vessels fishing in an area where a regional conservation and management regime for a particular high seas stock, established in accordance with the provisions of the Convention, applies and the flag State of the vessel does not cooperate with other States in the regional arrangements?
- Without prejudice to recourse to the procedures contained in the Convention on the Law of the Sea for the settlement of disputes relating to the interpretation and application of the provisions of the Convention, what additional procedures and mechanisms are needed to resolve speedily, and on an ad hoc basis, disputes on matters of a technical nature arising from the implementation of the measures for the conservation and management of the two types of stocks in the high seas?
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- How to establish minimum international standards for the conservation of straddling fish stocks or highly migratory fish stocks, for application in the high seas of a subregion or region, which could also serve as a recommendation for adoption by coastal States as a minimum standard for the conservation of the same fish stock in the exclusive economic zone, without prejudice to the sovereign rights of coastal States over the living resources in that zone, as provided for in the Convention?