This chapter contains two sections: responsibilities of partners in development; and towards a new commitment to funding population and development. There were numerous brackets in this chapter at the end of PrepCom III, but only one issue caused protracted discussion in Cairo. In paragraph 14.3, one of the objectives, which had been proposed by the US, dealt with human rights. China called for its deletion, since the issue of human rights is covered in the principles. After both the G-77 and the EU proposed alternatives, the Chair decided to postpone further discussion, pending the outcome of deliberations on this issue in Chapter II. The text for 14.3(f), which was agreed to on the last day, reads: "To urge that all population and development programmes, with full respect for the various religious and ethical values and cultural backgrounds of each country's people, adhere to basic human rights recognized by the international community and recalled in the present Programme of Action."
Sub-paragraph 14.3(b) was bracketed, since some developed countries did not think that the ICPD was the place to deal with macroeconomic policies. In Cairo, delegates reached agreement on: "To urge that the international community adopt favourable macroeconomic policies for promoting sustained economic growth and sustainable development in developing countries."
The brackets in paragraph 14.11 (actions to be taken by the international donor community) were removed as part of package deals with paragraphs 13.23 and 13.15. The contentious part of this paragraph now reads: "...the need for complementary resource flows from donor countries would be in the order of: $5.7 billion in 2000, $6.1 billion in 2005, $6.8 billion in 2010 and $7.2 billion in 2015. The international community takes note of the initiative to mobilize resources to give all people access to basic social services, known as the 20/20 Initiative, which will be studied further within the context of the World Summit for Social Development."
Paragraphs 14.13, 14.15 and 14.16 all contained reference to countries with economies in transition. Delegates agreed to: retain the reference to this group of countries in 14.13 (the need for donor coordination); delete the reference in 14.14 (allocation of external financial resources); and remove the brackets from 14.15, which was amended to read: "Countries with economies in transition should receive temporary assistance for population and development activities...."
In paragraph 14.17, the brackets were removed and the text reads: "Innovative financing, including new ways of generating public and private financing resources, including various forms of debt relief, should be explored."
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