This chapter contains three sections: integrating population and development strategies; population, sustained economic growth and poverty; and population and the environment. Delegates had reached agreement on the majority of this chapter at PrepCom III. Only four paragraphs contained brackets (other than the brackets around "reproductive health, which occurred throughout the document, pending resolution in Chapter VII).
This chapter was addressed by an informal session of the Main Committee on Friday, 9 September 1994. In paragraph 3.16, the G-77 suggested retaining the part of the paragraph that recalls the right to development, but wanted to delete the reference to eliminating discrimination against women. The EU proposed the opposite. The US suggested a compromise amendment, which was accepted, whereby the right to development is retained as one of the human rights that should be guaranteed. Reference to eliminating discrimination against women was deleted, but particular attention is given to the socio-economic improvement of poor women in developed and developing countries.
Paragraph 3.19 calls for special attention to underserved members of society who should be provided with jobs, skill development and reproductive health services. The Holy See pointed out that children are listed as one of the categories of the underserved, but they should not be provided with all these services. As a compromise, the words "as appropriate" were inserted after the word "children" in the footnote attached to this paragraph that lists the categories of underserved populations.
In paragraph 3.21 (job creation), the G-77 wanted to delete the part of the paragraph that calls for an end to corruption, good governance, democratic institutions, and the reorientation of budget priorities toward social sectors and resource development. The EU wanted to retain the text. The US once more provided compromise language by suggesting that the paragraph refer to "investment on an environmentally sound basis, greater investment in human resources development and the development of democratic institutions and good governance."
Delegates also agreed to delete the brackets around paragraph 3.22, which calls on the international community to continue to promote a supportive economic environment for developing countries and countries with economies in transition in their attempt to eradicate poverty and achieve sustained economic growth in the context of sustainable development.
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