XIII. NATIONAL ACTION
C. Resource Mobilization and Allocation: The new version of this section reflects the concept of "core national population programmes" with three components: family planning services; basic reproductive health services; and STD/HIV/AIDS prevention programmes. Delegates expressed concern about the focus on family planning to the exclusion of other population-related programmes. In 13.19 (objective), Bangladesh called for reference to poverty eradication. Sweden said both economic and social development should be promoted. Malaysia added the concept of family well-being.
In 13.20 (mobilizing and allocating resources for population programmes), the US added language on meeting the needs of underserved population groups, including adolescents, the rural population and urban poor, and on ensuring the safety of services and their responsiveness to women, children and men. The US also added increased involvement of the private sector. The Holy See expressed concern that the US proposal mentioned children. They agreed on the needs of underserved population groups, including adolescents, with due respect for parental rights and responsibilities. The US proposed a new paragraph 13.22 referring to the need for collaboration between governments, international organizations and NGOs in the development of more precise and reliable cost estimates.
The Group then returned to the Basis for Action section. Uganda, Brazil and the US reorganized 13.9 (allocation of resources between sectors), but did not alter its substance. Morocco added improving the health of people in rural areas. In 13.10 (mobilization of domestic resources), Uganda proposed deleting the two sentences that refer to family planning because this chapter should address population issues in their widest context. The US, supported by Sweden and the Philippines, proposed merging 13.11 (additional goals and objectives of the Programme of Action), with the first sentence of 13.10, and reference to the role of the public and private sectors. The remainder of 13.10 (family planning) should be a separate paragraph.
In 13.12 (components of national population programmes), the US proposed changing "core national population programmes" to "family planning and reproductive health services programmes." Norway called for reference to the need for better integration of the components. The Holy See, supported by Malaysia, proposed reference to treatment for infertility in (b) (basic reproductive health). The US agreed, provided "as appropriate" was inserted. The US reference to safe abortion was promptly bracketed by Morocco and the Holy See. In (c) (STD/HIV/ AIDS prevention), Guatemala and Honduras opposed reference to condom distribution.
In 13.13 (estimates of population programme costs), the US proposed new language reflecting the methodology used to determine the figures. Mexico proposed replacing the entire paragraph with general language referring to overall costs rather than sectoral ones.
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