Cluster 2 - [Gender issues, particularly] the role and status of women:
Colombia, on behalf of the G-77, stated
that a more systematic and focussed approach was needed in
this cluster and that some of the strategies read more like
principles. The G-77 proposed a separate chapter on the family
and later added that women, as victims of aggression during
war, must be protected. Several countries recommended that a
reference to prostitution should be included in this cluster.
Sweden, supported by Malaysia, suggested a change in the title
to reflect gender equality for women and added that the issues
of genital mutilation and the minimum age of marriage be
included. Malaysia also suggested that empowerment of the girl
child and facilities for the empowerment of women be included.
Norway noted the linkages between population and
breast-feeding. The US agreed with Sweden that questions of
gender equity should be central to the chapter and supported
gender equality in school attendance. The US also supported an
end to pornography, violence against women, and the negative
stereotyping of women in society. The WHO emphasized the
importance of contraceptive research. The Women's Caucus
supported a change in the title to reflect gender equity and
the need to close the gap between female and male literacy.