Published by the International
Institute for Sustainable Development
Vol. 05 No. 129
28 April 1999
TUESDAY, 27 APRIL 1999
CSD-7 delegates completed a first reading of their decisions on
energy and oceans and second readings on decisions on tourism
and consumption and production patterns. Informal consultations
on outstanding issues in the SIDS decision also took place.
DRAFTING GROUP I
TOURISM: Drafting Group I, chaired by Navid Hanif (Pakistan),
further considered tabled amendments and a letter from CSD-7
Chair Upton inviting delegations to consider points from the
outcome of the Tourism Segment. On the programme of work on
sustainable tourism, the EU opposed a G-77/CHINA proposal to
replace a reference to cooperation with interested parties with
"consultation." The EU inserted a preamble note of appreciation
regarding the multi-stakeholder dialogue and major groups'
progress in promoting sustainable tourism. The Chair invited
participants to consider welcoming industry initiatives, as
noted in the outcome of the Tourism Segment. The EU introduced a
number of operative subparagraphs calling for government action.
The G-77/CHINA preferred to "encourage" rather than call for
government action. On the EU-proposed subparagraph on an
appropriate legal, economic, social and environmental framework,
the US, supported by RUSSIA, noted difficulties with the
promotion of eco-audits and labeling. The G-77/CHINA deleted
specific references to elements of a mix of instruments.
The G-77/CHINA expressed serious difficulty with an EU-proposed
subparagraph on the exploitation of women and children,
especially through sex tourism, and the application of ILO
standards in tourism. BRAZIL said these issues were being taken
up in other UN fora. The G-77/CHINA proposed new text
encouraging governments to consult with major groups at all
levels of the tourism development process. CANADA introduced
text inviting governments to undertake capacity building work
with indigenous people and local communities to ensure
transparency in decision making.
On the tourism industry, the G-77/CHINA, opposed by the US,
proposed deleting "monitoring" of voluntary tourism initiatives.
The G-77/CHINA proposed new text encouraging the industry to
develop, within national strategies, environmentally, socially
and culturally compatible forms of tourism and to continue
voluntary initiatives, though not as substitutes for regulation.
On building on existing UN work, the G-77/CHINA, opposed by the
EU, proposed deletion of a reference to "the Barbados Plan of
Action." The G-77/CHINA proposed new text calling for further
clarification of sustainable tourism and eco-tourism. The US and
the EU supported clarifying the concept of sustainable tourism.
On capacity building, the G-77/CHINA proposed the addition of
"multilateral and bilateral" financial and technical assistance
and "appropriate technologies" for all aspects of tourism.
The EU, supported by the US, opposed a G-77/CHINA proposal to
reference natural disasters in a paragraph on exchange of
information. The EU, supported by the US and RUSSIA, proposed
merging text on developing indicators for sustainable tourism,
taking into account work by the WTO. The G-77/CHINA objected.
The US proposed multi-stakeholder participation in the
development of indicators. On a comprehensive assessment of
voluntary tourism initiatives, the US proposed deleting
references to the CSD-6 process on voluntary initiatives. CANADA
added text noting that the assessment is being undertaken to
raise awareness. The EU supported both amendments. The US
proposed eliminating a subparagraph on elaborating a set of
guidelines for sustainable tourism development. The G-77/CHINA
reserved on AUSTRALIAN and EU-proposed text on reducing
environmental impacts associated with travel and tourism. CANADA
added text inviting agencies, especially the IMO, to investigate
the sufficiency of existing marine pollution regulations and
CONSUMPTION AND PRODUCTION PATTERNS: Drafting Group I
a compilation of amendments during the afternoon. The EU
preferred restricting references to Agenda 21 to the preamble.
CANADA introduced a new preamble with references to Agenda 21,
UNGASS, common but differentiated responsibilities, finance and
transfer of ESTs, and noting that sustainable consumption and
production can reduce costs and enhance competitiveness.
In the introduction, the G-77/CHINA added text noting that
developed countries will take the lead and insisted on retaining
a reference to "developing countries adversely affected by the
process." The G-77/CHINA objected to an EU-proposed sentence
noting the particular importance of the affluent consumer. The
EU and US supported calling for industrialized rather than
developed countries to take the lead. The G-77/CHINA objected to
"industrialized" and to EU amendments calling for support for
"international development targets" and governments ensuring
minimum standards of consumption. In place of the latter,
delegates agreed that "governments should ensure that the basic
needs of the people are met."
On priorities for future work, the G-77/CHINA suggested
a call to review consumption patterns in "specific economic
sectors" and said the review should be conducted "in keeping"
with general objectives and principles of sustainable
consumption and production patterns. CANADA, supported by
AUSTRALIA, objected and insisted that the review be "connected
to" the general objectives and principles. On effective policy
development and implementation, in response to the G-77/CHINA's
proposed reference to action "taking fully into account the
principle of common but differentiated responsibilities," the US
suggested moving references to Rio Declaration principles to the
preamble. CHINA, supported by BOLIVIA, objected. The G-77/CHINA
objected to the NORWEGIAN-proposed call for "more efficient
consumption and production," proposing instead "affordable eco-
efficient consumption and production." In reference to the call
for a policy mix for this purpose, the G-77/CHINA proposed that
voluntary agreements and initiatives be "applied in the light of
country-specific conditions." MEXICO and BRAZIL proposed adding
reference to the WTO Committee on Technical Barriers to Trade to
text calling for policy approaches to take into account the
deliberations of the WTO Committee on Trade and Environment.
DRAFTING GROUP II
OCEANS: Drafting Group II, chaired by Alan Simcock (UK),
considered oceans during the morning. On land-based activities,
the G-77/CHINA requested deleting the text welcoming decisions
by the UNEP Governing Council on implementing the GPA. The EU
said these decisions should be "endorsed" instead of "welcomed."
The US proposed text noting the potential of regional
partnership meetings to mobilize resources and efforts for the
GPA. The G-77/CHINA proposed calling for adequate expertise and
resources, on concessional and preferential terms, to developing
countries for developing and producing alternatives to POPs.
CANADA objected to "concessional and preferential terms." The EU
suggested welcoming further international work on continuous
reduction of discharges, emissions and leakages of hazardous
On marine science, the EU proposed establishing means for
to interact with NGOs as well as scientific representatives of
governments. AUSTRALIA noted the value of collecting data from
the Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network as well as the Global
Ocean Observing System. The EU added text noting the importance
of scientific work done in scientific committees in existing
fisheries organizations. Regarding the impact of El Niño
Southern Oscillation (ENSO), CANADA suggested referencing
"oceans-atmospheric variability," AUSTRALIA proposed "assessing"
the damage caused by ENSO, and the US added reference to the
impact on coral reef ecosystems. Regarding improved knowledge of
fish stocks, the EU suggested that the FAO strengthen its global
monitoring of fish stocks. JAPAN proposed that scientific peer
review systems be used "where appropriate." On text regarding
other marine pollution, an EU reformulation called for
encouraging Flag States to implement international agreements on
shipping standards, asking the IMO to develop a binding
instrument and preparing criteria for port-state control, and
supporting the IMO's work to create regional port-state control
networks. NGOs, supported by RUSSIA, proposed inviting the IMO
to develop a legal mechanism to ensure that all Flag States
ensure that vessels flying their flags meet international
standards and develop a mandatory instrument on vessel
registration. The G-77/CHINA added text reiterating a State's
right to prohibit the transboundary movement of hazardous waste
within its jurisdiction and noting the need to provide expertise
and resources, on concessional and preferential terms, for the
development of alternatives to anti-fouling paints. CANADA
bracketed "concessional and preferential terms." The G-77/CHINA
proposed that the International Seabed Authority work on a draft
mining code rather than proposals to protect the marine
environment from the impact of seabed exploration and mining.
The EU added text calling on the IMO to look into the issue of
On international cooperation and coordination, CANADA called
"collaboration" as well, the EU proposed annexing a position
paper, and MEXICO, PAPUA NEW GUINEA and the G-77/CHINA indicated
more time was needed to wrap-up informal consultations.
Additional comments included AUSTRALIA's note that, when managed
sustainably, fisheries and aquaculture can contribute
significantly to food security and income generation. The US
called for environmentally sound aquaculture, particularly
DRAFTING GROUP III
Drafting Group III, chaired by George Talbot (Guyana),
considered ECOSOC proposals on preparations for CSD-9 on energy
issues (E/CN.17/1998/8), specifically an UNGASS decision that
preparations utilize an open-ended intergovernmental group of
experts on energy and sustainable development. The EU called for
speedy progress including nomination of co-chairs for the new
expert group. The G-77/CHINA raised issues of participation and
input including participation by developing country experts.
NORWAY called for clarity on a number of issues including the
budget and arrangements for adequate participation by developing
countries, and, supported by the G-77/CHINA and the EU, proposed
that the open-ended Intergovernmental Group of Experts be "ad
hoc" to underline the limited time scope for the Group's work.
She also proposed that membership be "open to all countries
represented in the UN." Responding to the G-77/CHINA, the
Secretariat explained that the GA intended that the
intergovernmental group should meet separately but back-to-back
with CSDs ISWG. The G-77/CHINA said that "substantive
discussions" at the Group of Experts' first meeting would be
premature. The EU disagreed. The US, opposed by EGYPT, proposed
that the Groups second session last for one week. The G-
77/CHINA, supported by the EU, proposed a revised paragraph,
inviting the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources for
Development to transmit a report to the CSD. The EU objected to
a G-77/CHINA proposal to delete a paragraph welcoming the
intention of UN entities to make an active contribution to the
group of experts. The US proposed moving the text to the
preamble. On UN organizations preparing documents for
consideration by the Group of Experts, Norway suggested
paragraphs on funding and participation of major stakeholders.
IN THE CORRIDORS
Due to continued disagreement in the informal consultations on
the review of the implementation of the Barbados Programme of
Action (POA) regarding the impact of globalization and trade
liberalization on SIDS, the Chair developed text attempting to
reconcile two alternatives. The Chair's draft still contains
bracketed text on possible benefits deriving from globalization
and trade liberalization for SIDS and on the role of the
international community in facilitating the integration of SIDS
into the world economy. An observer noted that this issue is one
of the major bones of contention and, when resolved, may bring
the Special Session preparations close to a conclusion.
THINGS TO LOOK FOR TODAY
DRAFTING GROUPS: Drafting Group I is expected to convene
informally during the morning to consider tourism and in the
evening to consider consumption and production. Drafting Group
II is expected to begin considering the compilation text on
oceans during the morning. Drafting Group III will also meet.
SIDE EVENTS: Check CSD Today for today's side events.