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THURSDAY, 27 APRIL 1995

UNITED KINGDOM: John Gummer, Minister of the Environment, stressed the need to express CSD decisions in a vocabulary that is clear to the public. He noted the UK's leading role in promoting debt relief and offered to host an international workshop on oceans.

UNITED STATES: USAID Administrator Brian Atwood said environmental protection and international development are under political attack in the US. USAID will increase support for: forest conservation and the development of indicators; environmentally sustainable agriculture; lead abatement; and marine conservation.

SPAIN: Jos‚ Borrell, Minister for Public Works, Transport and the Environment, urged increased support for: the Oslo Conference conclusions; environmental management tools and economic instruments; internalization of environmental costs; increased cooperation in the Mediterranean; and a world charter on tourism.

SWEDEN: Margareta Winberg, Minister of Agriculture, stressed the need for a commitment to long-term food security. Sweden supports a biosafety protocol and the forest panel. She said that gender equality is a prerequisite for sustainable development.

GABON: Martin Fidele Magnaga, Minister of the Environment, said the GEF should fund reforestation and forest management activities. He proposed the establishment of a working group on technology transfer, under the auspices of UNIDO and UNEP, to develop a legally-binding code of conduct.

NORWAY: Thorbj'rn Berntsen, Minister of Environment, highlighted key recommendations from the Oslo Roundtable and called for progress reports on the implementation of Chapter 4 of Agenda 21 by the 1997 CSD session.

JAPAN: Sohei Miyashita, Minister in Charge of Global Environmental Issues, highlighted: Japan's Basic Environmental Plan; the development of sustainability indicators; the promotion of Local Agenda 21s; and plans to host the World Conference on Local Initiatives for Sustainable Cities.

HUNGARY: Katalin Szili, Secretary of State, Ministry of the Environment, said Hungary has done its best to harmonize an integrated environmental policy, but economic transition, recession and agricultural privatization are creating difficulties.

DENMARK: Svend Auken, Minister for the Environment and Energy, said that while there have been important results since Rio, the momentum has been lost. Further progress is necessary before the 1997 review, especially on finance and ODA, trade and the environment, and international legislation.

SWITZERLAND: Federal Councillor Ruth Dreifuss highlighted several commitments: financial support for the forest panel; cooperation with the Dutch workshop on the technology transfer needs of developing countries; a seminar on biodiversity and biotechnology; and support for UNEP.

TURKEY: Riza Ak‡ali, Minister of Environment, highlighted: the recent national environmental action plan; the Programme for Environmental Management and Protection of the Black Sea; formulation of an Agenda 21 for Central Asia and the Balkan Republics; and establishment of a regional environmental center.

BRAZIL: Gustavo Krause, Minister of Environment, Water Resources and the Amazon, welcomed the establishment of the forest panel, which will help assess the need for new international agreements, arrangements or mechanisms.

ARGENTINA: Maria Julia Alsogaray, Minister of the Environment, said Argentina is setting up a national council for sustainable development. She called for the removal of subsidies and protectionist policies.

GERMANY: Erhard Jauck, Deputy Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, urged the CSD to: focus on the linkages between Agenda 21 chapters; streamline reporting requirements; and ensure expedient work by the forest panel. Germany will host a workshop on indicators.

THE NETHERLANDS: Jozias J. Van Aartsen, Minister of Agriculture, Nature Management and Fisheries, said that agriculture and nature management have been discussed as if they are unrelated and that attention to Chapter 10 has been inadequate.

COSTA RICA: Dr. Ren‚ Castro, Minister of Natural Resources, Energy and Mines, reported success in combating deforestation, and promoting energy conservation, eco-tourism and citizen involvement. He highlighted the Central American Alliance for Sustainable Development and a regional biodiversity agreement.

MEXICO: Julia Carabias, Minister for the Environment, Natural Resources and Fisheries, noted the recently established Advisory Council for Sustainable Development. She stressed the need for grassroots involvement and rural development.

CANADA: Sheila Copps, Minister of Environment, said that the CSD must be taken out of the UN basement and onto the streets. She stressed the importance of the participation of major groups and the work of the forest panel. She proposed holding the fifth session of the CSD away from UN Headquarters.

THE NETHERLANDS: Margaretha De Boer, Minister of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment, said that the Netherlands will introduce an energy tax in 1996, host a workshop on the relationship between government and industry and host a meeting on national needs assessment studies.

BURKINA FASO: Anatole Tiendrebeogo, Minister of Environment and Tourism, said that the CSD must focus on the mobilization of resources for implementation. He urged countries to ratify the Desertification Convention and achieve the target of 0.7% GDP for ODA, while periodically reviewing this rate.

UNEP: Executive-Director Elizabeth Dowdeswell said the post-UNCED context requires a strengthened role for UNEP to raise the world's consciousness about actions harmful to the environment. UNEP's role is to bring the environmental perspective to the CSD's work.

GERMANY: Dr. Klaus T”pfer, Minister for Regional Planning, Building and Urban Development, noted that the IMF, the G-7 finance ministers and the CSD are meeting at the same time without interaction. Sustainability must be integrated in the economic and financial framework.

EGYPT: Mostafa Tolba proposed: setting a date for developing sustainability indicators and selecting innovative financial mechanisms; country- specific studies of production and consumption patterns; and establishing a task force to develop a methodology for reviewing implementation of Agenda 21.

BULGARIA: Jordan Uzunov, Deputy Minister of Environment, said that Bulgaria has established a high-level council to integrate environmental concerns in social and economic activity and polluter-pays legislation. He noted the 1995 conference in Sophia to promote Rio goals in Central and Eastern Europe.

COLOMBIA: Ernesto Guhl, Vice-Minister for the Environment, noted that Colombia's new constitution includes the principle of sustainable development. He welcomed the creation of the forest panel, but expressed concern about establishing a legally-binding instrument.

EUROPEAN COMMISSION: Marius Enthoven, Director-General for Environment, Nuclear Safety and Civil Protection, described agricultural policy reform in the EU. The forest panel should concentrate on: criteria and indicators; timber certification; and examining the need for a Forest Convention.

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