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ARTICLE 9 -- BASIC APPROACH:

Recurring definitional problems arose with regard to "developing country Parties," "affected Parties," "Parties in a position to provide assistance" and "Parties needing assistance." Paragraph 1 states the obligation to prepare, make public, and implement national, sub-regional and regional action programmes, through interregional coordination and cooperation. Paragraph 2, which is heavily bracketed, deals with support from developed country parties [and other Parties in a position to provide assistance] for affected [developing] country parties [needing assistance] in the preparation of action programmes. Paragraph 3 reads: "The Parties shall encourage organs, funds and programmes of the UN system and other relevant organizations, academic institutions, the scientific community and NGOs in a position to cooperate, in accordance with their mandates and capabilities, to support the elaboration, implementation and follow-up action programmes."