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ECOSOC 2005 High-Level Segment Achieving the internationally agreed development goals, including those contained in the Millennium Declaration, as well as implementing the outcomes of the major United Nations conferences and summits: Progress made,
challenges and opportunities
29 June -1 July 2005 | UN Headquarters, New York
 
Highlights from Friday, 1 July 2005

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Thursday 29 June
Friday 30 June
Summary report

Web Archives: Wednesday 29 June Thursday 30 June

   
ECOSOC HIGH-LEVEL SEGMENT ENDS
ECOSOC's 2005 High-level Segment closed shortly after 7pm on Friday evening, 1 July. The meeting concluded without the adoption of a Ministerial Declaration, with ECOSOC’s President Arkam noting in the closing plenary that negotiators did not appear to be ready at this stage to formalize agreements ahead of the upcoming UN General Assembly High-level Plenary – or “2005 World Summit” – taking place in September 2005. Although the meeting did not produce a Ministerial Declaration, a summary of the meeting will be prepared by the ECOSOC President as a contribution to preparations for the September Summit. Delegates attending Friday's ECOSOC sessions also heard more official statements on achieving the internationally-agreed development goals, and convened in a panel session on the response of the UN Chief Executives Board of Coordination to the Millennium Declaration. A panel with the Chairs of the Commissions on the Status of Women, Social Development, and Population and Development also took place.

ECOSOC President Munir Akram (Pakistan) informed delegates that, while the usual procedure for a High-level Segment is to adopt a declaration, it had proved difficult to reach agreement at this meeting. He suggested that some delegations might be concerned that formulating an agreement now could be prejudicial to formulations that happen at the UN General Assembly High-level Plenary/World Summit in September 2005, and that it was perhaps not appropriate at this stage to compel countries to take formal positions on some of the key issues. He added that such a declaration would in any case be unlikely to capture the “breadth, depth and richness” of the discussions and recommendations during the past three days. Instead of a declaration, he indicated that he intended to prepare a President's summary of the High-level Segment, which he said would serve as input to the preparatory process for the September Summit.

Reflecting on the meeting, President Akram said delegates had experienced an intense and productive few days. In particular, he highlighted several key issues that had emerged, including recognition that:

•  the MDGs, together with major outcomes of key UN conferences and summits, constitute a comprehensive development agenda for the international community;

•  the main challenge we face now is not one of conception but ensuring implementation of this development agenda;

•  overall progress in the achievement of the goals has been uneven, both in terms of the goals and by region;

•  there is a new spirit and sense of positivity that should be carried through into September, as demonstrated in the recent EU announcement on ODA and G8 decision on debt relief; and finally,

•  ECOSOC has rediscovered its role as the central UN body for promoting economic and social development, and the only place where all key actors, governments, international agencies, civil society and business groups can come together and talk openly about achieving a common agenda.


Panel presentations on the response of the Chief Executive Board to the Millennium Declaration

 

 

Jomo Kwame Sundaram, Assistant Secretary-General for Economic Development, DESA, drew attention to development challenges such as increasing inequality, conflicts, diseases, environmental degradation, slums and unemployment. He said that to respond to these challenges, the UN development agenda's implementation requires a system-wide, holistic approach with more policy coherence.

Patrizio Civili, Assistant Secretary-General for Policy Coordination and Interagency Affairs, DESA, introduced the report, One United Nations – catalyst for progress and change: how the Millennium Declaration is changing the way the United Nations system works . He identified the need for better coordination and cooperation within the UN system to demonstrate that “multilateralism works and can deliver.”

Thoraya Obaid, Executive Director, UN Population Fund (UNFPA), called for increasing coherence within the UN system to ensure that global action translates into country-level fulfilment. She stated that “the UN must be accountable to people it serves” both in terms of money spent and results achieved.

 

 
Lennart Båge, President of the International Fund for Agriculture and Development (IFAD) (right) and Chair of the High-level Committee on Programmes of the Chief Executive Board for Coordination, emphasized the Millennium Declaration's fundamental impact on the UN system. He identified changes needed in the UN system, especially deepening understanding and managing knowledge better, as well as increasing transparency and accountability.
 
 

Panel with the Chairs of the Beijing, Cairo and Copenhagen Commissions
 
 
Ernesto Aranibar Quiroga, Chair of the Commission for Social Development (Bolivia), Carmen Maria Gallardo Hernandez, Chair of the Commission on the Status of Women (El Salvador), Patrizio Civili, Assistant Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs, ECOSOC President Munir Akram (Pakistan), Vivien Pliner-Joseph, Secretariat, and Crispin Grey-Johnson, Chair of the Commission on Population and Development (Gambia).
 
 

Ernesto Araníbar Quiroga (Bolivia), Chair of the Commission for Social Development, informed delegates of the Commission's recent finding that the broad concept of social development, affirmed by world leaders in the 1995 Copenhagen Declaration and Programme of Action, has “gradually become less comprehensive and significantly weakened in global policy making.” While noting some positive developments, he expressed concerns over external debt, jobless growth, and lack of an international strategy on employment and migration.

Carmen María Gallardo Hernández (El Salvador), Chair of the Commission on the Status of Women, briefed participants on the Commission's review, and reported on a High-level Round table held in February 2005, which looked at gender equality and the MDGs. She said gender equality should be a truly cross-cutting issue at the September Summit.

Crispin Grey-Johnson, Chair of the Commission on Population and Development (Gambia), reported on the 10-year review of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development held in Cairo, highlighting a variety of issues, including HIV/AIDS, reproductive health, and migration. He reflected that the 10-year review had reaffirmed not only the Millennium Declaration, but the continued relevance of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development for the broader UN development agenda that is now emerging.

 
Ewa Eliasz, International Centre for the Legal Protection of Human Rights (Interights), highlighted the need to recognize persons with disabilities in the outcome of the September Summit. Carmen María Gallardo Hernández reported that she was actively seeking to ensure that gender mainstreaming and the rights and needs of disabled women and the girl-child were reflected at the Summit.
 

General Debate
Milivoje Panic , Vice-Chair, UN Committee for Development Policy (right), reported on the Committee's seventh session in March 2005. He urged, inter alia, substantially improving the quality of ODA by strengthening administrative machinery, capacity building, improving human capital, and enhancing the monitoring framework.
 

Orlando Requeijo Gual, Permanent Representative of Cuba, identified neo-liberal policies, agricultural subsidies, and military spending as causes of global inequality, and urged placing development at the center of the UN agenda.

Hjalmar W. Hannesson, Permanent Representative of Iceland, recognized that the MDGs will not be met in LDCs, particularly in Africa, without an increase in ODA. He also highlighted the need to strengthen or improve health systems, foreign direct investment, gender equality, and access to energy, and referred to the impacts of climate change.

Sichan Siv, Ambassador, US Representative to ECOSOC, noted many of the US efforts in financing the MDGs, urging the importance of developing appropriate national-level institutions for private sector development and property rights.

 
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Carmen María Gallardo Hernández, Permanent Representative of El Salvador, emphasized the need to achieve the MDGs as part of a larger development agenda, and noted the country's progress in education, health, gender and poverty-related MDGs.

Highlighting Egypt 's work on the MDGs, Maged Abdelfattah Abdelaziz, Permanent Representative of Egypt, noted the need to strengthen ECOSOC's role in coordinating international financial and monetary policies and coordinating the role of UN agencies supporting countries emerging from conflict.

 
 

Nirupam Sen, Permanent Representative of India, said the MDGs are important benchmarks for development, urged clear timetables and targets for debt relief, trade and technology transfer, and highlighted that employment, science and technology are also needed to achieve the MDGs.

Hartwig de Haen, UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), speaking on the behalf of FAO, IFAD and the World Food Programme (WFP), urged the need to focus on hunger reduction and proposed a twin-track approach of provision of immediate assistance for people in hunger "hotspots," along with long-term programmes for agriculture and increasing productivity in rural areas.

Aldo Mantovani, Deputy Permanent Representative of Italy, urged a “true partnership between developed and developing countries,” supporting, inter alia, the establishment of the International Finance Facility and its pilot project for vaccinations, and the establishment of a UN Environment Agency.

 
 

All Pakistan Women's Association (left) reported on the adoption of the Islamabad Plan of Action at the recent International Conference on Gender Mainstreaming and the MDGs.


Miscellaneous photos
 
 

Related links

Meeting information

ECOSOC website
ECOSOC High-level Segment website
Annotated provisional agenda
Draft programme
Preparatory event for ECOSOC High-level Segment
Report of the Secretary-General on the themes of the high-level and coordination segments
Draft Ministerial declaration
UN High-level Plenary Meeting
Millennium Summit
Millennium Summit+5
Millennium Development Goals
Millennium Project

Background Documents

Report of the Secretary-General: Towards achieving internationally agreed development goals, including those included in the Millennium Declaration
Background documentation for the dialogue with heads of international trade and finance institutions: World Economic and Social Survey 2005 , Report of the Committee for Development Policy on its seventeenth session
Theme for the High-level Segment The Secretary-General's Report: In Larger Freedom

Recent IISD coverage of related events: Development Forum: 14–15 March 2005, Preparatory Meeting for the ECOSOC 2005 High-Level Segment: 16–17 March 2005 Community Commons

Other links

UN General Assembly
UN MDG site
World Bank MDG site
UN Development Programme
UN Development Group MDG site
World Health Organization MDG site
UN-HABITAT MDG site
UNHCHR MDG site
UN Population Fund MDG site
UN Children’s Fund MDG site
Food and Agriculture Organization
UN-NGLS MDG site
The Millennium Project
Millennium Indicators database
Earth Negotiations Bulletin’s Coverage of UN Conferences and Summits

World Summit on Sustainable Development

WSSD (26 August - 4 September 2002, Johannesburg, South Africa)
WSSD PrepCom IV (25 May - 7 June 2002, Bali, Indonesia)
WSSD PrepCom III (25 March - 5 April 2002, New York)
WSSD PrepCom II (28 January - 8 February 2002, New York)
WSSD PrepCom Informal Brainstorming Session (16-17 January 2002, UN headquarters, New York)
WSSD Asia-Pacific Regional Preparatory Meeting (27-29 November 2001, Phnom Penh, Cambodia)
WSSD West Asia Regional Preparatory Meeting (24 October 2001, Cairo, Egypt)
WSSD LAC Regional Preparatory Meeting (23-24 October 2001, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
WSSD African Regional Preparatory Meeting (15-18 October 2001, Nairobi, Kenya)
WSSD ECE Regional Preparatory Meeting (24-25 September 2001, Geneva, Switzerland)
WSSD International Eminent Persons Meeting on Interlinkages — Bridging Problems and Solutions to Work Towards Sustainable Development (3-4 September 2001, Tokyo, Japan)
WSSD PrepCom I (30 April - 2 May 2001, New York)

Earth Summit +5

UNGASS-19 (23-27 June 1997, New York)
Debate on UNCED-Related Issues (1992, 1993, 1994, New York)

UN Conference on Environment and Development

UNCED (3-14 June 1992, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
PrepCom IV UNCED (2 March - 4 April 1992, New York)

Small Island Developing States (SIDS)

Mauritius International Meeting (10-14 January 2005, Port Louis, Mauritius)
BPOA+10 second round of informal informal consultations briefing note (7,8 and 11 October 2004, UN headquarters, New York)
BPOA+10 Informal Informal Consultations Briefing Note (17-19 May 2004, UN headquarters, New York)
SIDS Preparatory Meeting for BPoA +10 (14-16 April 2004, UN headquarters, New York)
BPOA+10 PrepCom Briefing Note (15 March 2004, UN headquarters, New York)
SIDS Inter-regional Preparatory Meeting for the 10-year Review of the BPOA (26-30 January 2004, Nassau, Bahamas)
UNGASS Review and Appraisal of Implementation of Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of SIDS (27-28 September 1999, UNHQ, New York)
Global Conference on the Sustainable Development of SIDS (25 April - 6 May 1994, Barbados) Disaster Reduction World Conference on Disaster Reduction (18-22 January 2005, Kobe-Hyogo, Japan)
World Conference on Disaster Reduction PrepCom2 (11-12 October 2004, Geneva, Switzerland)
World Conference on Disaster Reduction PrepCom1 (6-7 May 2004, Geneva, Switzerland)

Human Settlements

25th Special Session of the UN General Assembly (Istanbul+5) for an Overall Review and Appraisal of the Implementation of the Habitat Agenda (6-8 June 2001, UNHQ, New York)
Second PrepCom for UN General Assembly for an Overall Review and Appraisal of the Implementation of the Habitat Agenda  (19-23 February 2001, Nairobi, Kenya)
Second UN Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II) (3-14 June 1996, Istanbul, Turkey)
Third substantive session of the Habitat II PrepCom (5-16 February 1996, UNHQ, New York)
Second substantive session of the Habitat II PrepCom (24 April - 5 May 1995, Nairobi, Kenya)
First substantive session of the PrepCom for the Second UN Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II) (11-22 April 1994, Geneva, Switzerland)
ENB archives of Habitat meetings

Social Development

UN Special Session: Copenhagen+5 (26 June - 1 July 2000, Geneva, Switzerland)
Informal Consultations for the Special Session: Copenhagen+5 (May 2000, UNHQ, New York)
PrepCom for the UN Special Session on the World Summit for Social Development and beyond: Copenhagen+5 (3-14 April 2000, UNHQ, New York)
World Summit for Social Development (5-12 March 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark)
ENB archives of Social Development meetings

Population and Development

Twenty-first Special Session of the UN General Assembly (UNGASS-21) (30 June - 2 July 1999, UN headquarters, New York)
UN Commission on Population and Development Resumed Session of the ICPD+5 PrepCom (24-29 June 1999, UN headquarters, New York)
32nd Session of the UN Commission on Population and Development and ICPD +5 Preparatory Meeting (22-31 March 1999, UN headquarters, New York)
The Hague Forum (8-12 February 1999, The Hague, The Netherlands)
United Nations International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) (5-13 September 1994, Cairo, Egypt)
ENB archives of ICPD meetings

Women and Gender

UN General Assembly Special Session (Beijing+5): Gender Equality, Development and Peace for the 21st Century (5-10 June 2000, New York)
Informal Consultations of the 44th Session of the Commission on the Status of Women (Beijing+5 PrepCom) (May 2000, New York)
44th Session of the Commission on the Status of Women (Beijing+5 PrepCom)  (28 February - 17 March 2000, New York)
43rd Session of the Commission on the Status of Women (1-19 March 1999, New York)
Fourth World Conference on Women (4-15 September 1995, Beijing, China)
ENB archives of CSW meetings

Links to UN Conferences and Summits

2005

Beijing +10: Commission on the Status of Women (28 February - 11 March, New York)
Copenhagen +10: Commission for Social Development (February, New York)
World Conference on Disaster Reduction  (18-22 January, Hyogo, Japan)
Small Island Developing States: 10 year review  (10-14 January, Mauritius) 2003 World Summit on the Information Society Geneva Phase (10-12 December, Geneva)    2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development (26 August - 4 September, Johannesburg)
World Food Summit: five years later (10-13 June, Rome)
General Assembly Special Session on Children (8-10 May, New York)
Second World Assembly on Ageing (8-12 April, Madrid)
International Conference on Financing for Development (18-22 March, Monterrey) 2001 World Conference against racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance
Implementation of the outcome of the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II) (6-8 June, New York)
Third United Nations Conference on the Least Developed Countries (14-20 May, Brussels) 2000 Millennium Summit (6-8 September, New York)
World Summit for Social Development and Beyond: Achieving Social Development for All in a Globalized World
Review the implementation of the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women and of the Beijing1999 Small Island Developing States (Special Session of the General Assembly, 27-28 September, New York)
International Conference on Population and Development [ICPD+5]  (30 June - 2 July, New York) 1997 Earth Summit+5 (23-27 June, New York) 1996 Second United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (HABITAT II) (3-14 June, Istanbul) 1995 Fourth World Conference on Women (September, Beijing)
World Summit for Social Development (6-12 March, Copenhagen)
1994

Global Conference on Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States (25 April - 6 May, Barbados)
International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) (September, Cairo)


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