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KEY PUBLICATIONS AND ONLINE RESOURCES

WATER, OCEANS AND WETLANDS

This page was updated on: 01/12/10

 

2006

 

Water, Oceans and Wetlands Key Publications and Online Resources Archives: 2010; 2009; 2008; 2007; 2005; 2004; 2003; 2002

WORKSHOP CONCLUSIONS ON MARINE SPATIAL PLANNING
(UNESCO, 2006)
An international workshop on marine spatial planning has produced conclusions and next steps on what it calls “ecosystem-based, sea-use management.” The UNESCO-organized workshop, held in November 2006 in Paris, involved 50 invited participants from around the world. Its main purpose was to review and document the state-of-the-art and good practices of marine spatial planning. The conclusions.

TSUNAMI, INDIA TWO YEARS AFTER
(UN, World Bank and ADB, 2006)
The report is a joint initiative by the UN, the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank to reflect on the pace and extent of progress on tsunami recovery efforts in India over the last two years. The report.

VALUING WETLANDS: GUIDANCE FOR VALUING THE BENEFITS DERIVED FROM WETLAND ECOSYSTEM SERVICES
(Ramsar and CBD, 2006)
This report, published jointly as Ramsar Technical Report No. 3 and CBD Technical Series No. 27, provides guidance and updates on methodologies for wetland economic valuation. Rudolf de Groot and Miska Stiup of Wageningen University and the Foundation for Sustainable Development (FSD) in the Netherlands led the preparation of the report, which updates Ramsar’s 1997 Economic valuation of wetlands: A guide for policy makers and planners by Barbier, Acreman, and Knowler. The report.

WATER LAW AND STANDARDS ONLINE DATABASE
(WHO and FAO, 2006)
The databases on this website represent an output from inter-agency collaboration between the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Legal Office and the World Health Organization (WHO) Water, Sanitation and Health Programme on a number of initiatives linked to water law, health and development. The database of national water legislation is ready for use and is linked to FAO’s existing FAOLEX database of legislation on natural resources, whereas the database of national water quality standards is under construction. The legislative section of the database contains an analysis of the legal frameworks governing water resources in selected countries of the world. The water standards part of the database contains detailed information on the water quality standards of all countries in the world for which information has been provided to date. The website.

NATIONAL AQUACULTURE LEGISLATION OVERVIEW FACT SHEETS
(FAO, 2006)
These 38 national
Aquaculture Legislation Overview (NALO) Fact Sheets were prepared by the FAO Development Law Service in collaboration with the FAO Fisheries Department for these producing nations. The fact sheets.  

RAINWATER AND THE MDGs
(UNEP, 2006)
This report, compiled by UNEP and the World Agroforestry Centre-ICRAF, emphasizes that all the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) depend on the availability of water to meet their targets. The report highlights the potential of rainwater harvesting in Africa to act as a buffer against climate-linked extreme weather events, in addition to improving agriculture and drinking water supplies. Access the report.

THE "GENUINE LINK" CONCEPT IN RESPONSIBLE FISHERIES: LEGAL ASPECTS AND RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
(FAO November 2006)
This Legal Paper Online from the FAO Development Law Service discusses the role of flag States in the implementation of responsible fisheries management, together with other complementary enforcement measures such as trade-related measures, port State control, State control over nationals and information retrieval and exchange. The paper.  

PROTECTING GROUNDWATER FOR HEALTH 
(WHO, 2006)

This document fits within the framework of the World Health Organization (WHO) Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality and offers a comprehensive analysis of the hazards posed to groundwater resources, attempting to uncover areas of high concern.
The publication looks specifically at a number of issues of growing global concern, including management of pollution sources for the effective protection of groundwater resources. The publication.

A REEF MANAGER’S GUIDE TO CORAL BLEACHING
(US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, and IUCN, 2006)
This guide provides reef managers with the latest scientific information on the causes of coral bleaching and new strategies for responding to this threat, including actions that can be taken before, during and after bleaching events. The guide makes several references to protected areas, such as identifying the key role that marine protected area networks can play in helping reefs rebound from bleaching events via larval connectivity. The report.

GEMSTAT
(UNEP)

UNEP, through its GEMS/Water Programme, has launched a new capability for its scientific resource, GEMStat. It is now geospatially referenced to Google Earth, which means that all 2,743 GEMStat stations can be geospatially located with 3-dimensional satellite pictures, making the physical features and characteristics of each GEMStat monitoring station visible, such as land use, deforestation, and proximity to a factory or a city. The website.

CORAL REEF RESILIENCE AND RESISTANCE TO BLEACHING

(IUCN- The Nature Conservancy, 2006)
This report by Gabriel Grimsditch and Rodney Salm outlines survival strategies for coral reef resilience and resistance to bleaching for coral reefs threatened by climate change. The strategies rely on managing stressors other than global warming so that corals are more resilient and able to survive in a warming world. According to the report, by fighting other stress factors such as pollution, overfishing, or unsustainable coastal development impacting coral reefs, the reefs will be able to better adapt to climate change impacts. The report.

CAPACITY BUILDING FOR ECOLOGICAL SANITATION - CONCEPTS FOR ECOLOGICALLY SUSTAINABLE SANITATION IN FORMAL AND CONTINUING EDUCATION
(International Hydrological Programme (IHP) of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), 2006)

This publication deals with educational aspects and guidelines linked to ecological sanitation (ecosan) capacity building and is the result of a collaborative effort between UNESCO’s IHP and the German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ). The concept behind ecosan is that sanitation problems could be solved more sustainably and efficiently if the resources contained in excreta and wastewater were recovered and used rather than discharged into the water bodies and the surrounding environment. The report.

FISHERIES, INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
(ICTSD, October 2006)
This policy discussion paper aims to inform negotiations for multilateral, regional and domestic trade rules and policies in the fisheries sector so that they support sustainable development. It addresses key issues and trade policy tools, such as tariffs, subsidies, standards and eco-labeling, that impact the sustainability and development of the fisheries sector, assessing their impact on social development, employment and food security. The paper.

 

THE STATE OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT: TRENDS AND PROCESSES

(UNEP and GPA, 2006) The UNEP/GPA Coordination office released this report, which will be presented to governments attending the second intergovernmental review of the Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-Based Activities (GPA) (16-20 October, Beijing, China). The report says good progress has been achieved in persistent organic pollutants, radioactive substances and oils. It notes mixed progress in heavy metals and sediment mobilization, and worse progress in sewage, nutrients, marine litter and the physical alteration and destruction of habitats. The report estimates that an additional $56 billion is needed annually to address the global wastewater problem and qualifies sewage as the most serious issue within the GPA framework. The report.

 

PROGRESS FOR CHILDREN: A REPORT CARD ON WATER AND SANITATION

(United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), September 2006) This report contains mixed conclusions on the advances made towards the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) that calls for halving the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation by 2015. The report finds that global coverage of safe drinking water increased from 78 percent to 83 percent between 1990 and 2004, and that Latin America and the Caribbean and South Asia are on schedule to achieve the MDG ahead of schedule. Global access to basic sanitation has risen from 49 percent in 1990 to 59 percent today, with South Asia more than doubling its numbers during the period. In East Asia and the Pacific, the proportion jumped from 30 percent to over 50 percent. However, some 1.5 million children under five die from diarrhea each year because they still do not have safe drinking water or basic sanitation. The report suggests that those deaths could be reduced by more than a third with improved sanitation, while better hygiene practices could cut the death rate by another third. The report.

 

ECOSYSTEM-BASED MANAGEMENT TOOLS NETWORK

(EMB Tools Network, 2006) Ecosystem-Based Management (EMB) Tools Network is a new website that provides access to an array of software and models for applying coastal and marine ecosystem-based management. The EBM Tools Network offers a searchable database of EBM tools, training and funding opportunities, data sources, relevant meetings and conferences, and other resources. The network is an international alliance of tool developers, practitioners, and training providers for coastal and marine EBM. The website.

 

UNDERWATER CULTURAL HERITAGE AT RISK: MANAGING NATURAL AND HUMAN IMPACTS

(ICOMOS, 2006) This report was released by the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) and features more than 30 articles on the risk that underwater cultural heritage is exposed to, including multiple case studies, reflections on the 2001 UNESCO Convention, and discussions of the role of MPAs in protection. The report.

 

UN SECRETARY-GENERAL’S REPORT ON THE IMPACTS OF FISHING ON VULNERABLE MARINE ECOSYSTEMS

(UN, July 2006) The Report of the Secretary-General, “The Impacts of Fishing on Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems: actions taken by States and regional fisheries management organizations and arrangements to give effect to paragraphs 66 to 69 of General Assembly resolution 59/25 on sustainable fisheries, regarding the impacts of fishing on vulnerable marine ecosystems” (A/61/154) has now been released. The report describes some of the most vulnerable marine ecosystems, some fishing practices that, in specific circumstances, may be harmful, and the types of damage that may be caused, either directly or indirectly, by certain fishing practices. More information.

 

ADDENDUM TO THE UN SECRETARY-GENERAL’S REPORT ON OCEANS AND THE LAW OF THE SEA

(UN, August 2006) The Advance, Unedited Text of the Addendum to the Report of the Secretary-General on Oceans and the Law of the Sea (to be issued as Document A/61/63/Add.1) has been released. The report has been prepared as an addendum to the main annual report in order to present the General Assembly with an overview of developments relating to the implementation of UNCLOS and the work of the organization, its specialized agencies and other institutions in the field of ocean affairs and the law of the sea since the preparation of the main report in February 2006. More information.

 

SEPTEMBER EDITION OF GPA OUTREACH

(UNEP/GPA and Stakeholder Forum, September 2006) GPA Outreach is a monthly newsletter for stakeholders that supports the preparatory work for the Second Intergovernmental Review Meeting (IGR-2) of the Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities (GPA), being held in Beijing, China on 16-20 October 2006. The September edition includes: an update on the final preparations for IGR-2; an overview of IGR-2 Official Documents; a review of the consultation on the GPA held at World Water Week in Stockholm; partnership spotlights; and a roundup on the third GEF Assembly. More information.

 

FINAL REPORT AND SYNTHESIS DOCUMENT OF THE FOURTH WORLD WATER FORUM

(World Water Council, September 2006) The Final report and synthesis document of the Fourth World Water Forum, which took place in Mexico from 16-22 March, and was organized around the theme “Local actions for a global challenge” are now available online. The report. The synthesis.

 

THE IMPACTS OF FISHING ON VULNERABLE MARINE ECOSYSTEMS

(UN, September 2006) A Report of the Secretary-General has been issued on “The Impacts of Fishing on Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems: actions taken by States and regional fisheries management organizations and arrangements to give effect to paragraphs 66 to 69 of General Assembly resolution 59/25 on sustainable fisheries, regarding the impacts of fishing on vulnerable marine ecosystems” (A/61/154). The report describes some of the most vulnerable marine ecosystems; some fishing practices that, in specific circumstances, may be harmful; and the types of damage that may be caused, either directly or indirectly, by certain fishing practices. The report.

 

THE STATE OF WORLD AQUACULTURE 2006

(FAO, 2006) This report shows that while in 1980, nine per cent of the fish consumed by human beings came from aquaculture, that figure has jumped to 43 per cent today. The Food and Agriculture Organization’s (FAO) most recent global assessment of wild fish stocks found that out of the nearly 600 species groups monitored, 52 per cent are fully exploited while 25 per cent are either overexploited, depleted or recovering from depletion. Twenty per cent are moderately exploited, with just three percent ranked as underexploited. The report estimates that an additional 40 million tonnes of aquatic food will be required by 2030 just to maintain current levels of consumption. The report.

 

URBAN WATER AND SANITATION SERVICES; AN IWRM APPROACH

(GWP, 2006) This background paper released by the Global Water Partnership (GWP)’s Technical Committee considers how the rapid pace and scale of urbanization represents a considerable challenge for water resources management, the delivery of essential water and sanitation services, and environmental protection. The paper explores how an integrated water resources management (IWRM) approach recognizes intersectoral competition for resources (physical, social and financial), the role of the urban sector in meeting national developmental priorities, and negative impacts of urban provision practices on other parts of the economy. The paper.

 

MEETING THE MDG DRINKING-WATER AND SANITATION TARGET: THE URBAN AND RURAL CHALLENGE OF THE DECADE

(WHO, 2006) Within the framework of the International Decade for Action, Water for Life, 2005–2015, this World Health Organization (WHO) report looks at the challenge of meeting the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) target for drinking water and sanitation. Achieving the MDG drinking water and sanitation target poses two major challenges: a rapid pace of urbanization, which requires a major effort even to keep up the current coverage levels; a huge backlog of rural people unserved with basic sanitation and safe drinking water, which calls for an intensive mobilization of resources to reduce the vast coverage gap between urban and rural populations. More information.

 

AFRICA'S LAKES: ATLAS OF OUR CHANGING ENVIRONMENT

(UNEP, 2006) This Atlas is produced by UNEP and compares and contrasts spectacular satellite images of the past few decades with contemporary ones. Through a combination of these images and narrative based on extensive scientific evidence, this publication illustrates how humans have altered their surroundings and continue to make observable and measurable changes to Africa’s lakes and their environment. More information.

 

ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK’S DAMS AND DEVELOPMENT E-PAPER: A RESERVOIR OF KNOWLEDGE

(ADB, August 2006) Dams store water, prevent floods, irrigate agricultural lands, and generate large amounts of electricity. However, dam constructions also often invite social, economic, political, and environmental debates that become complicated for dam planners and decision makers. This e-paper considers these issues relating to planning and implementing projects involving dams. The report.

 

REPORT OF THE SIXTEENTH MEETING OF STATES PARTIES TO UNCLOS

(UN, August 2006) The report of the Sixteenth Meeting of States Parties to the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, which convened from 19-23 June 2006 at UN headquarters in New York, US, is now available online in all UN languages. The report.

 

UNICPOLOS-7 REPORT

(UN, August 2006) The report on the work of the seventh meeting of the UN Open-ended Informal Consultative Process on Oceans and the Law of the Sea (UNICPOLOS-7), as well as the presentations in the discussion panel on ecosystem approaches and oceans, which took place from 12-16 June 2006 at UN Headquarters in New York, US, are now available. The report.

 

WORLD WATER WEEK SPECIAL SERIES OF GPA OUTREACH

(GPA/Stakeholder Forum, August 2006) The Stakeholder Forum, with the Global Forum on Oceans, Coasts and Islands and in collaboration with the UNEP/GPA Coordination Office and the Stockholm International Water Institute, has produced a World Water Week Special Series of GPA Outreach. This publication was produced every day during the World Water Week, which took place from 21 to 25 August 2006 in Stockholm, Sweden. The Special Series of GPA Outreach aims to raise awareness about the importance of linking coastal, marine, and freshwater environments and about the importance of the role of the GPA. This newsletter provided information about the GPA and the upcoming IGR-2, details of GPA-related activities taking place at World Water Week, brief profiles of partnerships developed to implement the GPA, and related articles of interest. More information.

 

ECOSYSTEMS AND BIODIVERSITY IN DEEP WATERS AND HIGH SEAS

(UNEP, 2006) This publication highlights recent scientific advances and their implications for management, as well as identifying policy principles, tools and options for charting a course for the conservation and sustainable use of marine habitats and life forms in deep waters and the open ocean. It has a special focus on areas beyond national jurisdiction. The report.

 

DIRECTORY OF NEOTROPICAL WETLANDS

(Ducks Unlimited, 1986/2006) The Directory of Neotropical Wetlands was first published in 1986 by Ducks Unlimited. While it is now partially out of date and incomplete, it has recently been made available online, and remains the only standardized wetland inventory at the continental level and is now available online. The Directory.

 

THE FUTURE OCEANS: WARMING UP, RISING HIGH, TURNING SOUR

(WBGU, 2006) This publication, which was published by the German Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU), argues that the failure to limit carbon dioxide emissions globally will have “severe consequences for the world’s oceans.” It raises concerns about both continued warming and ocean acidification, warning that “critical system limits” in the ocean are in danger of being reached. The report recommends halving global emissions by 2050 compared with 1990 levels, limited temperature rise to two degrees Celsius over pre-industrial era levels, and taking steps to bolster the resilience of marine ecosystems and limit sea-level rise. Regarding carbon dioxide capture and storage, the report also cautions against introducing carbon dioxide into seawater and argues that storing carbon dioxide in geological formations under the sea should be used on as an “emergency solution for a transitional period.” The full report.

 

AUGUST EDITION OF THE GPA OUTREACH

(UNEP/GPA and Stakeholder Forum, August 2006) GPA Outreach is a monthly newsletter for stakeholders that supports the preparatory work for the Second Intergovernmental Review Meeting (IGR-2) of the Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities (GPA), being held in Beijing, China on 16-20 October 2006. The August edition contains: a welcome by the Coordinator of UNEP/GPA; GPA issues updates on indicators for assessing progress in ecosystem-based management, and on the physical alteration and destruction of habitats; and details of GPA-related events taking place at World Water Week in Stockholm. The newsletter.

 

JULY EDITION OF THE GPA OUTREACH

(UNEP/GPA and Stakeholder Forum, July 2006) GPA Outreach is a monthly newsletter that supports the preparatory work for the Second Intergovernmental Review Meeting of the Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities (GPA), being held in Beijing, China from 16-20 October 2006. The July edition contains: a welcome by the Coordinator of UNEP/GPA; the GPA Issues Update: Wastewater; a report from the IGR-2 Informal Preparatory Meeting in Paris; and a review of the outcomes of key conferences that took place during the month. The July edition also features an article on the UN Open-Ended Informal Consultative Process on Oceans and the Law of the Sea (UNICPOLOS). More information.

 

BUSINESS IN THE WORLD OF WATER

(WBSCD, 2006) This report by the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) finds that water shortages pose potentially as serious a challenge as climate change. It explores three future scenarios to understand how businesses can contribute to sustainable water management, including an analysis of innovation in water efficiency, security of water supply and water rights. The report.

 

RICH COUNTRIES, POOR WATER

(WWF, 2006) This report offers one of the first comprehensive overviews of water issues in the developed world, highlighting the impacts of water problems in countries such as Australia, Spain, Japan, the UK and the US. It shows that a combination of climate change and drought and loss of wetlands that store water, along with poorly thought-out water infrastructure and resource mismanagement, is making this crisis truly global. The report.

IMPLEMENTING THE ECOSYSTEM APPROACH IN OPEN OCEAN AND DEEP SEA ENVIRONMENTS: AN ANALYSIS OF STAKEHOLDERS, THEIR INTERESTS, AND EXISTING APPROACHES
(United Nations University Institute of Advanced Studies, June 2006) This study aims, inter alia, to provide a first step towards a comprehensive survey and dialogue on mapping stakeholders’ interests in open ocean and deep sea environments, with the ultimate goal of improved conservation, sustainable use and equitable sharing of the benefits derived from ocean spaces and their resources. The report.

JUNE ISSUE OF “WATER FIGURES”
(IWMA, June 2006) Water Figures is the quarterly newsletter of the International Water Management Institute. The newsletter reports on recent research, projects, activities and changes within the institute. The June 2006 issue focuses on the Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture (CA) and the imminent launch of its findings after five years of intensive research and consultation. It includes an editorial on Gender Mainstreaming in Water Management for Agriculture. The newsletter.

ECOSYSTEMS AND BIODIVERSITY IN DEEP WATERS AND HIGH SEAS
(UNEP, 2006) This study, which was issued jointly by UNEP and the World Conservation Union (IUCN), argues that lessons learned on conserving coastal waters should be adapted and applied across the marine world, including in areas beyond national jurisdiction. With more than 90 percent of the planet’s living found in the oceans, the report underlines the value of the deep seas and open oceans and highlights how the scientific community is only now beginning to comprehend and understand the wealth of life, natural resources and ecosystems existing in the marine world. The report.

JUNE EDITION OF THE GPA OUTREACH NEWSLETTER
(UNEP/Stakeholder Forum, June 2006) GPA Outreach is a monthly newsletter for stakeholders that supports the preparatory work for Second Intergovernmental Review Meeting of the Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities (GPA), scheduled to be held from 16 - 20 October 2006, in Beijing, China. The June Edition of GPA Outreach contains, inter alia: details on the Informal Preparatory Meeting, which will be held in Paris at the end of June; an article by Sylvia Earle and Dan Laffoley on Saving The Worlds Last Frontier: Our High Seas; UNEP Large Marine Ecosystem (LME) Report; information about the GPA Online Stakeholder Dialogue; and an article on the UN Fish Stocks Agreement Review Conference. More information.

REPORT OF THE FISH STOCKS REVIEW CONFERENCE
The UN Division on Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea (UNDOALOS) has released the advance and unedited draft report of the Review Conference on the Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks (22-26 May 2006, New York, NY). More information.

GLOBAL NETWORK OF WATER ANTHROPOLOGY LAUNCHED
(NETWA, 2005/2006) UNESCO’s International Hydrological Programme has launched the Global Network of Water Anthropology (NETWA), which was announced during the Fourth World Water Forum in March 2006. The NETWA is a global computerized network of anthropologists, covering both researchers and institutions, dedicated to collect resources related to water, including water engineering and policy, in order to reach the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The network promotes the integration of the cultural dimension of water, as well as UNESCO’s policy in education, human rights, ethics and governance promoting best practice. More information.

GPA OUTREACH
(Stakeholder Forum, May 2006) The Secretariat of the Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-Based Activities (GPA) is collaborating with the Stakeholder Forum to produce GPA Outreach, a newsletter regarding preparations for the Second Intergovernmental Review Meeting (IGR-2) of the GPA, scheduled to take place in Beijing, China on 16-20 October 2006. The May issue focuses on the first day of the IGR-2, which will be dedicated to National Programmes in the implementation of the GPA. GPA Outreach (May 2006).

STRATEGIC THINKING TO ACHIEVE WATER MDGs
(ADB, March 2006) This discussion paper shows the importance of water and sanitation provision for delivery of MDGs in general and health goals in particular. It outlines the investment requirements for water and sanitation targets, and argues for a two-pronged strategy for sustainable human development that must include the provision of drinking water and sanitation. The report.

INFOWETLAND
(CREHO, June 2006) In the coming weeks, the Ramsar Regional Center for Training and Research on Wetlands in the Western Hemisphere (CREHO) will launch an electronic newsletter, INFOWETLAND. This quarterly newsletter will be an informative service of CREHO directed to organizations, networks and the general public interested in wetlands. The objectives of the newsletter are to: disseminate up-to-date information about wetlands in the Americas; inform about the achievements of the countries in the region in terms of declaration of Ramsar sites and specific actions towards the wise use and conservation of wetlands; inform about CREHO’s activities, the Ramsar Secretariat and partner organizations working in the region; provide a space for stakeholders to publish key information related to wetlands; and provide relevant information about workshops, symposiums and meetings related to wetlands in the region. More information.

REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT PANEL ON THE ADB'S WATER FOR ALL POLICY
(ADB, May 2006) The ADB has concluded a year-long process to review the implementation of its Water for All policy. The review aimed to provide the ADB and its stakeholders with an assessment of progress regarding the implementation of the water policy, as well as recommendations to improve the Bank’s water investments and operations. The review was led by an independent panel of experts. The panel’s report was received in April 2006 and was circulated to the Board of Directors as an information paper. The report includes an assessment of the implementation of ADB’s water policy, as well as a roadmap for action to achieve the ADB’s vision of water for all. The key recommendations of the panel to the ADB include: increase ADB’s commitments and develop ADB’s capacities; develop long-term partnerships with stakeholders and donors; focus the implementation of IWRM on stakeholder needs and ownership; promote “business unusual”; and improve processes to ensure effective policy implementation. The report.

WATER FOR FOOD - WATER FOR PROFIT
(Bread for the World, 2006) This publication is one of the latest additions to a series of papers backing the campaign “Water as a Human Right.” The book argues that the World Bank uses its influence on the water policies in many developing countries to promote the construction of new mega dams and other big hydraulic infrastructure, the privatization in irrigation agriculture, and the introduction of economic water management instruments like cost recovery and tradable water rights. The book argues against such policies on the grounds that they do not support sustainable agricultural development. Instead, the report supports giving a priority to erosion control, rainwater harvesting and small scale agriculture to achieve an economically, socially and ecologically sustainable rural development. The report.

REPORT FROM FOURTH WORLD WATER FORUM SESSION ON THE INCLUSION OF IWRM IN NATIONAL PLANS
(UN-WATER, May 2006) The report and conclusions of the session on “The Inclusion of IWRM in National Plans” are now available online. This session was held during the Fourth World Water Forum in March 2006, and was organized by the World Water Assessment Programme, the Global Water Partnership, UNDP and UNEP. The session aimed to examine to what extent and how countries have adopted and implemented the principles of IWRM, provide an overview of on-going monitoring activities regarding IWRM planning and implementation, and develop a set of conclusions and recommendations as to how best to promote the inclusion of IWRM in national planning. The report.

MEETING THE COMMITMENTS ON OCEANS, COASTS, AND SMALL ISLAND DEVELOPING STATES MADE AT THE 2002 WORLD SUMMIT ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: HOW WELL ARE WE DOING?
(Global Oceans, June 2006) This report provides a synthesis of information available on the implementation of WSSD/MDG targets on oceans and, whenever available, on each of the WSSD/MDG goals. The report relies in large part on the expert judgments of participants gathered at the Global Conference, which held its third conference at UNESCO in Paris from 23-28 January 2006. Participants addressed the questions of progress achieved, or lack thereof, in a series of facilitated dialogues. Conference participants were also given an opportunity to complete an informal multistakeholder survey during the global conference regarding their perceptions on progress achieved on implementation of global oceans targets. The report.

FOLLOW THE LEADER: LEARNING FROM EXPERIENCE AND BEST PRACTICE IN REGIONAL FISHERIES MANAGEMENT ORGANIZATIONS
(WWF, May 2006) This report identifies some overarching recommendations aimed at addressing some of the common impediments to improved performance by regional fisheries management organizations, the principal form of governance of the world's oceans and fisheries. These recommendations are directed towards strengthening the will and capacity of regional fisheries management organizations and their member States, promoting the adoption of precautionary and ecosystem approaches to management, facilitating continuous improvement and accountability, and maximizing opportunities for collaboration and transparency. The report.

UN SECRETARY-GENERAL’S REPORT ON OCEANS AND THE LAW OF THE SEA
(UNDOALOS, May 2006) The UN Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea has released the UN Secretary-General’s report on Oceans and the Law of the Sea to the 61st session of the General Assembly. The report will serve as a basis for discussion at the seventh meeting of the UN Open-ended Informal Consultative Process on Oceans and the Law of the Sea, which will take place from 12-16 June 2006 at UN headquarters in New York. The report contains information on developments and issues relating to ecosystem approaches and oceans, the topic chosen for the seventh meeting, as recommended by the General Assembly. The report.

SUSTAINABLE FINANCING OF PROTECTED AREAS
(IUCN, May 2006) The report, “Sustainable Financing of Protected Areas: A Global Review of Challenges and Options”, details a broad range of financing mechanisms available to protected areas - from charging user fees, to attracting voluntary donations, to establishing enterprise funds, and more - and describes opportunities and pitfalls of each, as well as case studies from marine and terrestrial sites. The report.

RAMSAR REGIONAL TRAINING AND RESEARCH BOARD MEETS
The annual Board meeting of the Ramsar Regional Center for Wetland Training and Research in the Western Hemisphere (CREHO), based in Panama, was held on 2 May 2006. The Board emphasized the need for conservation and wise use of wetlands, through strengthening technical capacities of decision makers and wetland managers in the Americas, and highlighted the role of CREHO as a driving force of capacity building processes. Ramsar statement, 9 May 2006.

REPORT OF THE INFORMAL CONSULTATIONS ON STRADDLING FISH STOCKS
(UN, 26 April 2006) The report from the Fifth round of Informal Consultations of States Parties to the Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks (20-24 March 2006, New York) is now available. These Consultations served as preparation for the Review Conference for this Agreement, to be convened by the Secretary-General from 22-26 May 2006, in New York. Also in preparation for the Review Conference, the UN Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea has posted submitted information and views from the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission, the Permanent Commission for the South Pacific, and the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tuna. Report of the consultations. Further Information and views.

AGENDA FOR UNICPOLOS-7

(UN DOALOS, April 2006) The Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea has recently posted the format and annotated provisional agenda of the seventh meeting of the United Nations Open-ended Informal Consultative Process on Oceans and the Law of the Sea, which is scheduled to take place at UN Headquarters in New York from 12-16 June 2006. The agenda.

 

DRAFT AGENDAS FOR THE INTERNATIONAL WHALING COMMISSION AND SUB-COMMITTEES

The International Whaling Commission has released the provisional annotated agenda of the 2006 Annual Commission, as well as the draft agendas of the aboriginal subsistence whaling sub-committee, of the infractions sub-committee, of the whale killing methods and associated welfare issues workshop, and of the conservation committee. More information (May 2006).

 

MEDWET REGIONS DVD

(MedWet, April 2006) A DVD of the results of the Action programme for wetlands in the Mediterranean region, also known as MedWet Regions, is available in Spanish. More information.

 

GLOBAL WATER QUALITY DATABASE

The GEMStat is a searchable database of global surface and ground water quality data and statistics collected from the GEMS/Water Global Network. This tool is run by UNEP’s Global Environmental Monitoring System (GEMS) Water Programme has expanded GEMStat, which now has made it an an open Internet service. The database. More information.

 

WHSRN SITE ASSESSMENT TOOL

(WHSRN, March 2006) This tool was launched by the Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network (WHSRN) and incorporates methods developed by IUCN–The World Conservation Union, BirdLife International, The Nature Conservancy and WWF. It aims to review the state of conservation at WHSRN sites, identify critical threats and conservation actions need, as well as look at the management effectiveness of these protected areas. The report. Ramsar press briefing, 7 April 2006.

 

BEYOND MORE CROP PER DROP: WATER MANAGEMENT FOR FOOD AND THE ENVIRONMENT

(IWMI, March 2006) This brochure highlights various key areas for action, including: increasing blue and green water productivity and access to water resources; balancing water for food and other ecosystem services; and investing in water security to aid poverty alleviation. It also identifies cross-cutting actions such as integrated water resources management, capacity building and continued research. It aims to present opportunities in the water-food-environment nexus, in terms of specific interventions that have large potential benefits for society. More information.

 

COSTING MDG ON WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION

(World Water Council, March 2006) This publication aims at assessing the progress made and what remains to be done in order to achieve the target of halving by 2015 the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. The publication.

 

CHALLENGES TO INTERNATIONAL WATERS: REGIONAL ASSESSMENTS IN A GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE

(UNEP, 2006) This Global International Waters Assessment (GIWA) Final Report reviews the most important findings from the GIWA regional reports, including the major transboundary concerns and their environmental and socio-economic impacts. The Report: http://www.giwa.net/publications/finalreport/ http://www.giwa.net/publications/finalreport/giwa_final_report.pdf

 

WATER, A SHARED RESPONSIBILITY

(UN, 2006) The Second UN World Water Development Report, “Water, a Shared Responsibility,” reviews the state of the world’s freshwater resources and seeks to provide decision makers with the tools for sustainable water use. The report was formally launched during World Water Day, on 22 March 2006, at the 4th World Water Forum (WWF). The report.

 

TRADE AND MARKET-RELATED INSTRUMENTS TO REINFORCE FISHERIES MANAGEMENT MEASURES TO PROMOTE SUSTAINABLE FISHING PRACTICES

(OECD's High Seas Task Force, March 2006) This report identifies measures that can be applied to strengthen the linkages between trade policy, fisheries management, and sustainable development. The measures examined include policies and practices used to monitor and track seafood products from the time the fish are caught through to when it is sold to final consumers. Particular attention is given to measures that shape the incentives faced by illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) operators. More information.

 

A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN: THE BLUE PLAN’S ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT OUTLOOK

(UNEP, April 2006) This report was prepared under the auspices of the UN Environment Programme’s Mediterranean Action Plan, which warns that if current trends continue, Mediterranean countries will suffer from increasingly saturated coastal development over the next 20 years, 63 million people will lack sufficient water, and desertification will worsen rural poverty and biodiversity loss. The report calls for a new regional agreement aimed to ensure greater private and public financing to reduce pollution, the development of demand-driven management and local sustainable development policies, and multi-stakeholder inclusion in policies integrating environment and development. The report.
 

WATER AND AGRICULTURE: SUSTAINABILITY, MARKETS AND POLICIES

(OECD, 2006) The new OECD publication, “Water and Agriculture: Sustainability, Markets and Policies, is drawn from an OECD Workshop on Water and Agriculture, held in Adelaide, Australia, in November 2005. The publication.

 

SUSTAINABLE GROUNDWATER MANAGEMENT IN ASIAN CITIES

(IGES, March 2006) On 17 March, at the World Water Forum, the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies released the report “Sustainable Groundwater Management in Asian Cities.” This report consists of recommendations for sustainable groundwater management in Asian cities, a situation analysis and a summary of case studies. The report.

 

PUTTING INTO PRACTICE THE ECOSYSTEM APPROACH TO FISHERIES

(FAO, 2005) This booklet describes the ecosystem approach to fisheries, the benefits of this approach, the requirements and threats to its implementation, the management measures currently available, and outstanding research needs. The booklet.

 

FAO TECHNICAL GUIDELINES FOR RESPONSIBLE FISHERIES

(FAO, 2005) These FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries focus on “Increasing the contribution of small-scale fisheries to poverty alleviation and food security.” The guidelines.

 

COSTING MDG ON WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION

(WWC, 2006) This publication, “Costing MDG Target 10 on Water Supply and Sanitation: Comparative Analysis, Obstacles and Recommendations,” is a comparative cost analysis produced by the World Water Council for reaching the water-related millennium development goals (MDGs). The document assesses the progress made, what remains to be done, and which regions need the most help from the international community to achieve the target of halving by 2015 the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. The document.

 

REPORT ON THE WORKING GROUP ON BIODIVERSITY IN AREAS BEYOND NATIONAL JURISDICTION

(UN, 2006) The advance, unedited report on the work of the UN Ad Hoc Open-ended Informal Working Group to study issues relating to the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity beyond areas of national jurisdiction, which was held at UN Headquarters from 13 to 17 February 2006, is now available. The report.

 

REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL ON OCEANS AND THE LAW OF THE SEA

(UN, 2006) The advance and unedited reporting material to be issued as the report of the Secretary-General on oceans and the law of the sea to the 61st session of the General Assembly is now available. The report will serve as a basis for discussion at the seventh meeting of the UN Open-ended Informal Consultative Process on Oceans and the Law of the Sea, and contains information on the topic chosen for this meeting: developments and issues relating to ecosystem approaches and oceans. The report.

 

UN WORLD WATER DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2

(UN Water, 22 March 2006) The Second United Nations World Water Development Report, “Water, a shared responsibility,” seeks to present a comprehensive review of the state of the world’s freshwater resources, and to provide decision-makers with the tools for sustainable use of these resources. The report was formally launched on World Water Day, 22 March 2006, at the Fourth World Water Forum in Mexico City. The report.

 

RAMSAR INFORMATION SHEET 2006-2008

(Ramsar, 2006) The Information Sheet on Ramsar Wetlands (RIS) is the datasheet adopted by the conference of the parties to the Ramsar Convention in 1990, and amended several times since. The RIS assesses the international importance of each listed wetland against the agreed criteria; supplies ecological data; identifies the threats to an effective management of the site; and provides information on the virtues of the site for the public. The RIS is available at: http://www.ramsar.org/ris/key_ris.htm.

 

34TH MEETING OF THE RAMSAR STANDING COMMITTEE DOCUMENTATION AVAILABLE

(Ramsar Secretariat, 2006) The documentation for the upcoming 34th meeting of the Ramsar Standing Committee taking place in April 2006 is now available online at: http://www.ramsar.org/sc/34/key_sc34_agenda_papers.htm.

 

GLOBAL INTERNATIONAL WATERS ASSESSMENT REPORT

(UNEP, 21 March 2006) The UN Environment Programme has launched a report at the 4th World Water Forum that warns of freshwater shortages leading to environmental damage over the next 15 years. The report also highlights the growing impacts of agriculture on freshwater supplies. The report was launched on 21 March 2006. More information.

 

In addition, UNEP’s Global Environmental Monitoring System (GEMS) Water Programme published its 2005 State of the UNEP.GEMS/Water Global Network and Annual Report in January 2006. The report.

 

IWRM SURVEY PUBLISHED

(IWRM, February 2006) The Global Water Partnership has now completed and published the results of its second informal survey of the status of 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development target for countries to develop national integrated water resources management (IWRM) and Water Efficiency Plans by 2005. According to the Partnership, the results are “encouraging,” showing progress since a previous survey held two years earlier. GWP press briefing, March 2006. The report, February 2006.

 

Closing the net – stopping illegal fishing on the high seas

(HSTF, March 2006) This publication, which is the final report of the High Seas Task Force on Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing, was approved at a meeting of fisheries ministers attending the final Task Force gathering on 2-3 March 2006 in Paris, France. The ministerial report identifies key measures that the members will begin to implement immediately to address IUU fishing. It also proposes measures that it will endeavor to implement in collaboration with the wider global community to achieve more comprehensive solutions to this problem. Task Force press briefing, 3 March 2006. The report.

 

REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL FOR THE REVIEW OF THE FISH STOCKS AGREEMENT

The United Nations Secretary-General’s report on the conservation and management of straddling fish stocks and highly migratory fish stocks is now available. The report is to assist the Review Conference on the Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks, which will take place at UN headquarters in New York, from 22-26 May 2006. The Review Conference is convened to assess the effectiveness of the Agreement in securing the conservation and management of straddling fish stocks and highly migratory fish stocks. More information.

 

IN THE FRONT LINE: SHORELINE PROTECTION AND OTHER ECOSYSTEM SERVICES FROM MANGROVES AND CORAL REEFS

(UNEP-WCMC, January 2006) The economic value, ecosystem benefits and shoreline protection offered by coral reefs and mangroves are examined in a new report by the United Nations Environment Programme-World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). The report underlines the vital role these natural features play in tourism, stemming coastal erosion, and acting as nurseries for fish, including those in the multi-million dollar aquaria trade. The report was produced by UNEP-WCMC in collaboration with the International Coral Reef Action Network and IUCN-the World Conservation Union. The report.

 

REPORT OF THE PANAMA BAY RAMSAR SITE WORKSHOP

(Ramsar, 2006) This report provides information on a workshop held from 12-16 December 2005, and organized by the Group for Technoecology and Conservation Research (GITEC), to familiarize the local Chinina and Aquendo communities with various tools to understand and use their wetland wisely. By applying a participative approach, the workshop covered such topics as the sustainable use of the mangroves, the environmental problems of wetlands, and options for their management. The theoretical sessions were complemented by field visits. The report (available in Spanish).

 

PROMOTING RESPONSIBLE PORTS

(HSTF, 2006) This report, which was adopted by members of the High Seas Task Force, reviews the port State measures that have been adopted and compares these to the FAO Port State Model Scheme. It presents recommendations to strengthen both national port State measures and develop regional arrangements on port State controls. The report.

 

2006 WORLD WATER DAY WEBSITE

In 2006, World Water Day (March 22) will be guided by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization under the theme 'Water and Culture.� UNESCO�s webpage dedicated to the Day is now available online at http://www.unesco.org/water/wwd2006/.

 

OVERVIEW OF WETLANDS STATUS IN VIET NAM FOLLOWING 15 YEARS OF RAMSAR CONVENTION IMPLEMENTATION

(VEPA, IUCN et al.) Viet Nam signed the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands fifteen years ago, and recently designated a second wetland site to the List of Wetlands of International Importance according to Ramsar criteria. This new report � a collaborative effort of the Viet Nam Environment Protection Agency (VEPA), Mekong Wetlands Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use Programme, and IUCN � is intended to serve as a benchmark for progress and trends in wetlands management and protection in the last fifteen years, highlighting recommendations for the future. The report.

 

THE ENVIRONMENT IN ASIA PACIFIC HARBORS

(Springer Publishing, 2006) This new book by Eric Wolanski and others considers experiences and lessons learned from coastal urbanization and the growth of �mega harbors.� More information.

 

PROGRESS ON UNEP/GPA NATIONAL PROGRAMME OF ACTION (NPA) PROGRAMME

(UNEP/GPA, January 2006) The UN Environment Programme�s Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land- Based Activities (UNEP/GPA) website has posted an update on progress on countries� National Programmes of Action, region-by-region. More information.

 

MANAGING CONFLICT IN WATERSHEDS OF SRI LANKA

(ARD, Inc., 2005) ARD, Inc. prepared this report for USAID. It examines the effect of the 20-year civil war and increasing demands of a growing population on forest and water resources. The report.

 

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recently published documents and online resources,
send a message to
Diego Noguera, IISD

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