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KEY PUBLICATIONS AND ONLINE RESOURCES

TRADE AND INVESTMENT IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

This page was updated on: 01/12/10

 

2007

 

Trade and Investment in Sustainable Development Key Publications and Online Resources Archives: 2010; 2009; 2008; 2006; 2005; 2004; 2003; 2002

 

TRADE-RELATED MEASURES AND MULTILATERAL ENVIRONMENTAL AGREEMENTS
(UNEP, 2007)
This paper contributes to ongoing negotiations at the World Trade Organization (WTO) by analyzing multilateral environment agreement (MEA) trade-related measures in the context of their overall objectives. In particular, the paper provides a detailed review of the main provisions and specific trade-related measures found in six MEAs and explores the role these measures play in the overall context of the MEAs. The paper recommends a framework for considering trade-related measures in reference to the functions they perform, and notes that MEAs have numerous features that contribute not only to their own effectiveness but also support international trade rules, moving towards more objective, science-based, and standardized approaches in addressing shared environmental and health concerns. The paper.

 

A PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS OF MEA EXPERIENCES IN IDENTIFYING AND FACILITATING THE TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY: WHAT INSIGHTS CAN BE DRAWN FOR THE WTO EGS NEGOTIATIONS?
(UNEP and UNCTAD, 2007)
Multilateral Environmental Agreement (MEA) Secretariats and their parties have been engaged for a number of years in identifying relevant technology and promoting technology transfer as a step towards achieving MEA objectives. This paper examines this experience with a view to enriching WTO negotiations on the liberalization of trade in environmental goods and services. The paper finds that MEAs and their Parties generally adopt a dynamic mechanism for technology identification; designed to respond to the changing nature of environmental challenges, scientific discoveries, technological development, as well as changing economic, social and cultural circumstances. The paper also notes that MEA Secretariats and parties often adopt a “package” approach to technology and technology transfer, where the transfer of the technology is complemented by capacity building, technical assistance, training of personnel, sharing of know-how, and exchange of information. The paper.

 

developing countries international trade 2007: Trade and Development Index
(UNCTAD, November 2007)

The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development has launched the Trade and Development Index (TDI) 2007. The TDI is a tool that aims at assisting governments in selecting strategies to participate more effectively in the global economy and to benefit from trade that can contribute towards sustainable development and national economic growth. The TDI 2007 presents country profiles for each of the 123 countries represented in the analysis. The Index.

LEGAL EMPOWERMENT FOR LOCAL RESOURCE CONTROL: SECURING LOCAL RESOURCE RIGHTS WITHIN FOREIGN INVESTMENT PROJECTS IN AFRICA
(IIED, 2007)

This study, authored by Lorenzo Cotula, draws lessons from experience of using legal processes to secure local resource rights within the context of foreign investment projects in Africa. By increasing resource control, effective use of these tools can help disadvantaged groups gain greater control over their lives ("legal empowerment"). The resource.

MULTILATERAL ENVIRONMENTAL AGREEMENT NEGOTIATOR’S HANDBOOK
(University of Joensuu, 2007)

Environment Canada, the UN Environment Programme and Joensuu University (Finland) produced the second edition of this Handbook. Is contains key technical information and common sense advice for negotiators. The Handbook.

 

CHINA AND THE END OF POVERTY IN AFRICA: TOWARDS MUTUAL BENEFIT?
(European Network on Debt and Development, October 2007)
This report, written by Penny Davies, examines China’s increasing role as a donor in Africa. The author argues that China’s assistance to and cooperation with Africa is changing the rules of lending and aid giving practiced by Western governments. The report.

FOOD MILES OR POVERTY ERADICATION: THE MORAL DUTY TO EAT AFRICAN STRAWBERRIES AT CHRISTMAS
(Oxford Institute for Energy Studies & Oxford Climate Policy, 2007)
This article by Benito Müller addresses the controversy regarding discouraging consumers, particularly in the UK, from buying produce from developing countries because of the transport carbon emissions involved in the process, especially in the case of air freight. Müller examines the effect that such an environmental consumer boycott could have on the efforts to eradicate poverty in developing countries, and proposes using carbon offsets to ensure the income of the poorest and most vulnerable countries. The article.

BIOFUELS AT WHAT COST? GOVERNMENT SUPPORT FOR ETHANOL AND BIODIESEL IN THE EUROPEAN UNION
(IISD Global Subsidies Initiative, October 2007)

This report by Géraldine Kutas, Carina Lindberg and Ronald Steenblik questions the rationale behind the large sums of money being invested in support of biofuels, noting the forthcoming EU policy review provides an opportunity for the Commission and Member States to recognize that mandatory domestic production and consumption of biofuels is an expensive and inefficient means to achieve the stated policy outcomes. The authors recommend that the EU and its Member States should: avoid instituting new consumption mandates for biofuels or new specific subsidies to the industry; eliminate all tariffs on imported fuel ethanol; improve the information available on government support provided to the biofuels industry; and  put in place an evaluation process to assess the cost-effectiveness of each Member State’s support policies in attaining the objectives underlying the EU biofuels policy. The report.

UNDERMINING COMMUNITIES AND THE ENVIRONMENT: A REVIEW OF IFC’s ENVIRONMENTAL, HEALTH AND SAFETY GUIDELINES FOR MINING
(The Center for Science in Public Participation, 2007)
This report, which was produced by a coalition of nongovernmental organizations with experience monitoring the mining sector, criticizes the International Finance Corporation’s (IFC) draft guidelines for managing the environmental and public health impacts of large-scale mining projects. The report highlights the lack of specificity of the performance standards, and failure to stipulate appropriate measures to prevent contamination of local water sources by toxic chemicals, ensure proper disposal of mine waste or guarantee prior community consultation on the design of mine closure plans. The report.

THE STATE OF RESPONSIBLE BUSINESS: GLOBAL CORPORATE RESPONSE TO ENVIRONMENTAL, SOCIAL AND GOVERNANCE (ESG) CHALLENGES
(Ethical Investment Research Services- EIRIS, September 2007)
This report provides an overview of the extent to which companies are addressing their activities’ environmental, social and governance (ESG) impacts. The issues analyzed are corporate governance, equal opportunities, human rights, supply-chain labor standards, environmental responsibility, and community involvement. This study focuses on these issues to illustrate a cross section of key ESG risks that companies face and key sustainability issues of interest to clients. Other topics examined include climate change, HIV/AIDS and responsible business approaches in emerging markets. The report.

WORLD INVESTMENT REPORT 2007
(UNCTAD, October 2007)
The World Investment Report 2007, launched by the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), examines activities of transnational corporations in extractive industries and their development implications. The report also explores policy options aimed at ensuring tangible and long-term gains for growth and development in developing countries. The report.

THE MACROECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS OF MDG-BASED STRATEGIES IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA

(UNDP International Poverty Centre, October 2007)

In this resource, authors John Weeks and Terry McKinley attempt to outline the macroeconomic policies consistent with MDG-based development strategies that can accelerate investment, economic growth and human development. They call for more expansionary fiscal policies focused on public investment, exchange-rate management focused on fostering international competitiveness, and monetary policies that support fiscal expansion and export promotion instead of low inflation targets and high real rates of interest. The policy research brief.

 

BRIDGES TRADE BIORES REVIEW
(ICTSD, October 2007)
This new publication by the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development will feature analyses, research updates, signed articles and opinion pieces at the interface of trade, environment and natural resources. The inaugural issue of the Review.

MOTHER EARTH: WOMEN AND SUSTAINABLE LAND MANAGEMENT
(UNDP, August 2007)

This publication, based on a review of the portfolio of the UN Development Prorgamme-Global Environment Facility (UNDP-GEF) projects, provides guidance on mainstreaming gender considerations into sustainable land management and provides examples of women’s participation in new sustainable agricultural practices. The book.

TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2007: REGIONAL COOPERATION FOR DEVELOPMENT
(UNCTAD, September 2007)
The 2007 Trade and Development Report focuses on regional cooperation. The report highlights that developing countries should strengthen regional cooperation with other developing countries. The report notes that North-South bilateral or regional preferential trade agreements should not be limited to trade liberalization but extend to policy, monetary and financial arrangements and industrial policies. The report concludes that regional cooperation provides a sound basis for meeting the MDGs. The report.

 

2006 SURVEY ON MONITORING THE PARIS DECLARATION
(OECD, 2007)

This report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) assesses the effectiveness of aid at helping developing countries eradicate poverty. The report presents the results of a survey conducted in 34 developing countries and in 55 donor countries. It points to major areas that must be addressed if countries and donors are to accelerate progress on achieving the Paris Declaration. The overview survey
and country chapters.

GEF TALKING POINTS NEWSLETTER
(GEF, September 2007)
The September edition of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) Talking Points Newsletter features an article by GEF’s Chair/CEO Monique Barbut explaining the steps in GEF’s new 22-month project cycle. She also presents a Public Private Partnership, notes updates to focal area strategies, and highlights the development of “Operational Guidelines for the Application of the Incremental Cost Principle,” a five-step process to simplify the negotiation of incremental costs. The newsletter.

PRINCIPLES FOR RESPONSIBLE INVESTMENT: REPORT ON PROGRESS 2007
(UNEP and UN Global Compact, 2007)

The Principles for Responsible Investment (PRI) Report on Progress 2007 presents a detailed account of how investors are integrating environmental, social and governance issues within investment decision-making and ownership practices. The Principles for Responsible Investment are a set of voluntary guidelines that provide a framework for the consideration of environmental, social and governance issues within mainstream investment decisions. The report.

MARKET MECHANISMS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: HOW DO THEY FIT IN THE VARIOUS POST-2012 CLIMATE EFFORTS?
(IISD, July 2007)
This report from Aaron Cosbey, Deborah Murphy and John Drexhage of the International Institute for Sustainable Development examines how a future market mechanism that supports sustainable development could fit in the various scenarios being considered for the post-2012 period (when the Kyoto Protocol’s first commitment period expires). The report considers a wide range of options and approaches to post-2012, arguing that a successful future regime will need to balance the demands and expectations of both developed and developing countries. The report also suggests that any future regime that supports sustainable development will need targets, although both intensity targets and sectoral targets could be an option, as well as absolute targets. The report.

UNDP-GEF INTERNATIONAL WATERS PROGRAMME – DELIVERING RESULTS
(UNDP-GEF, June 2007)
This publication highlights the results delivered to date by the UN Development Programme-Global Environment Facility’s (UNDP-GEF) International Waters programme, which for 15 years has assisted over 100 countries to identify, prioritize and address key transboundary environmental and water resources issues. The publication includes cases on development and implementation of river and lake action plans and water management projects. The publication.

SUMMARY OF GEF COUNCIL MEETING
(GEF, 2007)
The Chairs’ Summary of the June 2007 Global Environment Facility’s (GEF) Council meeting is available online and presents a comprehensive view of GEF’s planned activities and programme of work for the next four-year period. The summary.

CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY: AN IMPLEMENTATION GUIDE FOR BUSINESS
(IISD, 2007)
This guide, authored by Paul Hohnen and Jason Potts, offers strategic and practical tools to implement corporate social responsibility (CSR) in businesses. CSR offers a new business model aligning core business strategy with social and environmental context, consequently establishing better practices to create wealth and improve society. The guide provides an implementation framework for businesses to begin thinking and acting systematically about corporate social responsibility and is divided into three parts. The first part provides an overview of CSR, the second sets out a six-stage plan and the last looks at the integral role stakeholders play in implementing an effective CSR approach. The guide.

CLIMATE CHANGE, COMPETITIVENESS AND TRADE
(Chatham House, May 2007)
This new publication by Chatham House’s Richard Tarasofsky and Aaron Cosbey of the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) focuses on the nature of concerns over competitiveness, and considers the relationship between the Kyoto Protocol and the World Trade Organization. The authors consider “what trade law might be applicable to each of the various possible instruments states might use to address climate change and competitiveness concerns.” The report.

 

BANKING ON VALUE: A NEW APPROACH TO CREDIT RISK IN AFRICA
(UNEP FI, 2007)
This study, carried out by the UN Environment Programme Finance Initiative (UNEP FI), highlights how banks in South Africa and Nigeria to an increasing extent factor environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues into their credit risk assessment for corporate and consumer loans. According to the study, the driving forces behind this development include the requirements of multilateral banks and lending bodies to meet ESG standards, as well as “reputational risks,” reflecting concerns by banks over being linked to an environmentally unfriendly or socially damaging project. The study.

 

2007 WORLD ECONOMIC SITUATION AND PROSPECTS (MID-YEAR UPDATE)
(UNDESA, June 2007)
This mid-year update by the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) emphasizes that the world economy is still strongly tied to US fortunes and, for current world economic growth rates to continue, it is crucial to keep the US dollar from falling rapidly while also avoiding a recession. It also highlights the importance of improving the employment effects of positive growth in order to meet the Millennium Development Goals. The update.

 

PROMOTING SUSTAINABLE LAND MANAGEMENT THROUGH TRADE: EXAMINING THE LINKAGES BETWEEN TRADE, LIVELIHOODS AND SUSTAINABLE LAND MANAGEMENT IN DEGRADED AREAS
(ICTSD and GM, 2007)
This paper is the result of desk research and discussions held during the exploratory dialogue on building an enabling environment for increasing investment in sustainable land management (SLM) through market access and trade, held in Geneva in February 2007. The paper identifies: direct and indirect linkages between trade policies and rules, SLM and livelihoods in arid areas, focusing on agricultural trade; the potential of alternative livelihoods to enhance sustainable use of land and natural resources by looking at the case of natural products; and relevant policy instruments, mechanisms and tools for enhancing SLM through trade. The paper.

 

TRADE AND ENVIRONMENT: A RESOURCE BOOK
(IISD, ICTSD, RING, 2007)
This book, edited by Adil Najam, Mark Halle and Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz, provides information and analysis on trade and environment discussions while explaining: the key issues from a trade and environment perspective; the most important policy debates around them; and the different policy positions that define these debates. The book.

 

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER ISSUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL GOODS AND SERVICES: AN ILLUSTRATIVE ANALYSIS OF SECTORS RELEVANT TO AIR-POLLUTION AND RENEWABLE ENERGY
(United Nations University-Maastricht Economic and Social Research and Training Centre on Innovation and Technology- UNU-MERIT, 2007)
This paper, authored by Lynn Mytelka, seeks to develop a broader conceptualization of the technology transfer process and open the discussion on the need for a multi-goal approach to Environment Goods and Services (EGS) negotiations in the WTO. It argues that a broader perspective must be adopted, with longer-term goals and processes and a more integrated approach to EGS negotiations with the WTO. The paper argues that such a conceptual reframing would reshape the dynamics of North-South negotiations on EGS to include commitments, activities and partnerships that strengthen the knowledge base, encourage learning and innovation in the South, and address the global importance of sustainable development. The paper.

 

LITTLE GREEN DATA BOOK 2007
(World Bank, May 2007)
The “Little Green Data Book 2007” is a pocket-sized quick reference book on key environment and development data for over 200 countries, based on the World Development Indicators 2007. Country, regional, and income group profiles provide a baseline for comparison on the state of the environment and its linkages with the economy and people. This year’s publication affirms that carbon dioxide emissions – the principal man-made cause of global warming – continue to rise, with the world producing today 16 percent more carbon dioxide than in 1990. The book.

 

THE STATE AND TRENDS OF THE CARBON MARKET 2007
(World Bank, May 2007)
The seventh annual carbon market intelligence study released by the World Bank shows that the global carbon market tripled, from US$ 10 billion in 2005 to US$ 30 billion in 2006. It notes during the past year, the market was dominated by the sale and resale of European Union Allowances (EUAs) at a value of nearly US$ 25 billion; and the size of the project-based market in developing countries and in countries with economies in transition doubled to US$ 5 billion in 2006. The study.

 

RESPONSIBLE INVESTMENT IN FOCUS: HOW LEADING PUBLIC PENSION FUNDS ARE MEETING THE CHALLENGE
(UKSIF /UNEP FI, 2007)

This report, jointly prepared by the United Kingdom Social Investment Forum (UKSIF) and the UN Environment Programme Finance Initiative (UNEP FI), highlights responsible investment strategies being employed by some of the world’s leading public pension funds. Containing 15 case studies, the report is intended to serve as practical guidance for the institutional investment community on how and why leaders integrate environmental, social and governance considerations into their investment processes. The report.

 

ASIA’S SMART GROWTH: RESOURCEFUL STRATEGIES FOR ASIA
(Far Eastern Economic Review, April 2007)
The article, written by Paul Steele and Sergio Feld, outline how Asia can manage its natural resources to promote economic growth and benefit the poor. The authors describe how natural resources can contribute to national economic growth, which creates jobs and adds to the total income of government revenues, ultimately helping the poor. The article.

 

AID EFFECTIVENESS: OPENING THE BLACK BOX
(World Bank, January 2007)
This paper, authored by François Bourguignon and Mark Sundberg, examines the complex links between aid flows and development outcomes and argues that there are no simple cause and effect answers in this debate, making attribution difficult. It examines what is known about aid effectiveness, recent trends and the emerging aid model. The paper.

GLOBAL MONITORING REPORT 2007: MDGs CONFRONTING THE CHALLENGES OF GENDER EQUALITY AND FRAGILE STATES
(World Bank, April 2007)
The 2007 Global Monitoring Report takes stock of progress toward achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and assesses the contributions of developing countries, donor nations and the international financial institutions as they work toward meeting commitments under the 2002 Monterrey consensus. The report highlights areas of progress and gaps where greater effort is required. The report’s special topics—achieving gender equality and addressing the problems of fragile states—present two areas where challenges confront the international community. The report.

SHOULD THE GREEN BOX BE MODIFIED?
(International Food and Agriculture Trade Policy Council, March 2007)
This paper by David Blandford and Timothy Josling raises questions regarding the Green Box category subsidies, and its relevance in the Doha Round where agricultural subsidies are at the heart of current negotiations. It analyses how this set of permitted “non-trade-distorting” subsidies may best be utilized to meet the needs of both rich and poor countries. The report.

BACKGROUND PAPER ON MEANS OF IMPLEMENTATION
(PROFOR, April 2007)
This paper on means of implementation, written by a team of independent experts (Hosny El-Lakany, Michael Jenkins, and Michael Richards) commissioned by the World Bank’s Program on Forests (PROFOR), serves as background information for discussions at the seventh session of the UN Forum on Forests (UNFF-7). The paper reviews current and emerging financial instruments or “financial architecture” for forestry and discusses the range of financial or incentive instruments that can respond to UNFF objectives. It also discusses the possibility of establishing a Forest Financing Mechanism. The paper.

ONLINE ATLAS OF THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
(World Bank, April 2007)

The World Bank launched this website, which translates data on some of the world’s development challenges into maps designed for a lay audience. The maps are derived from the Bank’s World Development Indicators database, and depict progress toward meeting the Millennium Development Goals. The website.

CORPORATE SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSIBILITY IN INDIA: ASSESSING THE UN GLOBAL COMPACT’S ROLE
(German Development Institute, 2007)
This report assesses to what extent the UN Global Compact contributes to improved corporate social responsibility (CSR) in India. The study finds that very few civil society organizations are involved in shaping the CSR agenda, and that most companies prefer business self-regulation in CSR. To strengthen the Global Compact’s and CSR’s role in India, the report recommends that the structure of the national Global Compact networks should be improved by integrating civil society organizations. The report.

POLICY DIRECTIONS TO 2050: A BUSINESS CONTRIBUTION TO THE DIALOGUES ON COOPERATIVE ACTION

(WBCSD, 2007)

This publication by the World Business Council on Sustainable Development (WBCSD) emphasizes the role of decisive, concerted and sustained actions between governments, businesses and consumers to combat climate change. The report.

 

THE DEVELOPMENT POTENTIAL OF REGIONAL PROGRAMS
(World Bank, 2007)
This evaluation assesses World Bank support for regional development programs over fiscal years 1995-2005, based on evaluations of 19 regional programs and a review of the Bank's total portfolio of some 100 regional operations. It finds that a majority of the programs evaluated have been or appear likely to be effective in achieving most of their development objectives, but suggests that stronger results could be achieved if regional program support were better developed as an international development practice.
The report.

SUBSIDIZING BIOFUELS BACKFIRES
(IISD, March 2007)

This commentary by David Runnals questions the environmental and economic reasoning behind current and planned US subsidies to biofuel production, and calls for further analysis of the costs and impacts of such policies. The commentary.

Case studies highlighting the gendered dynamic around agriculture, trade and food sovereignty
(International Gender and Trade Network and the Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy, 2007)
The paper, written by K.
Sampson, C. Morrison, B. Marta, M. B. Chiappe, is a collection of case studies that focus on transforming women’s livelihoods in relation to food, agriculture and trade. The paper provides a gendered approach in analyzing issues related to food security and food sovereignty. The paper.

Archive of Publications on Environmental-Economic Accounting
(UN Statistics Division, 2007)
This new searchable archive has been developed under the auspices of the UN Committee of Experts on Environmental-Economic Accounting (UNCEEA). It makes methodological publications and country practices on environmental-economic accounting widely available, and seeks to facilitate the work of statisticians, researchers and practitioners in the field. The archive of publications.

ASIAN FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT IN AFRICA: TOWARDS A NEW ERA OF COOPERATION AMONG DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
(UNCTAD, 2007)

This report, a joint undertaking between the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and the UN Development Programme, states that Asian investment in Africa is becoming an important and promising aspect of economic cooperation among developing countries. To reap the potential of expanding Asian interest, the report notes that African countries need to enhance their productive capacities in a variety of industries. The report.

TRANSBOUNDARY WATER MANAGEMENT AS A REGIONAL PUBLIC GOOD: FINANCING DEVELOPMENT – AN EXAMPLE FROM THE NILE BASIN  
(SIWI, 2007)
This report, published by the Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI) with financial support from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), focuses on public goods in the context of the Nile Basin. It explores public goods as one justification for soft financing, such as grant financing that complements other sources of public and private financing, thus enhancing the financial sustainability of cooperative river-basin management and development projects that provide important public goods. The report finds evidence that investment in water resources management and development holds significant opportunities for economic development in the Nile Basin. The report.

 

BILATERAL INVESTMENT TREATIES – IMPLICATIONS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND OPTIONS FOR REGULATION
(FES, February 2007)
This report, authored by Luke Eric Petersen, summarizes discussions at the international workshop “Bilateral Investment Treaties – Implications for Sustainable Development and Options for Regulation,” held in Berlin, Germany, on 10 December 2006, organized by the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES). The report.

 

THE SPS AGREEMENT AND BIOSAFETY
(FAO, March 2007)
Authored by Melvin Spreij, this legal paper includes a general introduction to the World Trade Organization, its objectives, functions and structure, and to the relevant WTO Agreements in the biosafety area, notably the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (the SPS Agreement). It also presents the findings of the Panel Report in the recent biotech dispute and identifies some areas of potential conflict between the Biosafety Protocol and the SPS Agreement. The concluding remarks contain some practical considerations on drafting biosafety legislation.
The paper.

 

International trade in biofuels: good for development? and good for environment?
(IIED, 2007)
This briefing, written by Annie Dufey, argues that biofuels can help address climate change problems and improve rural employment and livelihoods. The briefing provides some policy solutions. The briefing.

 

POLICY SPACE: ARE WTO RULES PREVENTING DEVELOPMENT?
(ODI, January 20007)
This Overseas Development Institute (ODI) briefing paper argues that developing countries need �policy space� to use policy to promote development, but current international rules limit it. The paper indicates that areas where trade agreements are or may restrict developing countries are tariffs, investment and provisions under the Trade Related Intellectual Property (TRIPS) agreement. The briefing paper.

 

UNLOCKING VALUE: THE SCOPE FOR ENVIRONMENTAL, SOCIAL AND GOVERNANCE ISSUES IN PRIVATE BANKING
(UNEP FI, 2007)

This report, issued by the UN Environment Programme Finance Initiative (UNEP FI) Asset Management Working Group, addresses the opportunities and barriers associated with environmental, social and governance (ESG) inclusive investments in the private banking industry. The report.

 

INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN BIOFUELS:  GOOD FOR DEVELOPMENT? AND GOOD FOR ENVIRONMENT?
(IIED, January 2007)

This brief by Annie Dufey notes that the global biofuels market offers important opportunities to bring together the economic, environmental and social agendas both in developing countries and globally. However, a lack of robust regulations may lead to specific problems. The brief emphasizes the increasing urgency of designing a path for the global biofuels industry that supports sustainable development. The brief.

 

TRADING AWAY OUR OCEANS, WHY TRADE LIBERALIZATION OF FISHERIES MUST BE ABANDONED
(Greenpeace, January 2007)
This paper aims to show the real and negative conservation and development impacts of trade liberalization in fish and fishery products, which were included in the catch-all scope of the Doha Round�s Non-Agricultural Market Access (NAMA) negotiations. The paper.

 

GLOBAL SUBSIDIES INITIATIVE (GSI) DATABASES
(IISD, 2007)
The Global Subsidies Initiative (GSI), a project of the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), provides a series of on-line searchable databases on literature that relates to agriculture, energy, fisheries and services subsidies. A database on WTO subsidy notifications is also available, with a link to the WTO�s notifications, indicating the date of publication, period that subsidies were reported and sectors to which they were granted. The GSI website and databases.

 

GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATORS AS TRADE-RELATED INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
(UNDP, January 2007)
This Discussion Paper, written by Swarnim Wagl�, covers how the protection of geographical indicators (GIs), based on indication of source (IS) and appellation of origin (AO), can contribute to better human development and achievement of MDG-1 (reducing income poverty) through the generation of local inflow of cash earnings. The paper argues that GIs, as a one of the categories of intellectual property (IP) listed in the WTO Agreement on TRIPS, are a more suitable mode of IP protection to prevent illegal appropriation and abuse of traditional knowledge, bio-resources and cultural industries. The discussion paper.

 

THE ECONOMICS OF ILLEGAL LOGGING AND ASSOCIATED TRADE
(OECD, 2007)
Written by Arnoldo Contreras-Hermosilla, Richard Doornbosch and Michael Lodge, this paper outlines the nature, magnitude and consequences of illegal logging in forest-rich producer countries, and programmes on both the supply and demand side being implemented to reduce this problem. The paper.

WTO DISPUTE SETTLEMENT MECHANISM: ONE-PAGE CASE SUMMARIES
(WTO, January 2007)
This first edition of One-page Case Summaries prepared by the WTO Legal Affairs Division summarizes the core facts and findings contained in the Dispute Settlement Mechanism�s Panel and Appellate Body reports for 103 cases during the period 1995-2006. The publication.

BUY FAIR: A GUIDE TO THE PUBLIC PURCHASING OF FAIR TRADE PRODUCTS
(ICLEI Local Governments for Sustainability, 2006)

This guide, which was written by Simon Clement and Peter Defranceschi, presents advice for public authorities on the procurement of Fair Trade products, including information on preparatory activities to be completed before a tendering process, advice on minimizing legal uncertainties in procurement and suggestions for other complementary activities. The guide.

ENGAGING WITH FRAGILE STATES: AN IEG REVIEW OF WORLD BANK SUPPORT TO LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES UNDER STRESS
(World Bank, 2006)
This report discusses the ability of fragile states, home to almost 500 million people, to reach the Millennium Development Goals and makes recommendations to assist their governments. The report.

 

IMPLICATIONS OF IPR RULES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
(University of London, 2006)

This research project by Queen Mary Intellectual Property Research Institute (University of London), Ecologic, Universidad de Alicante, IP Bulgaria, Chatham House and Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation (University of Warwick) includes documents on: geographical indications, environment and development; developing best practice models for provision of technical assistance in the implementation of the TRIPs Agreement; access, IPRs and capacity building in agriculture; assessing the economic implications of different models for implementing the requirement to protect plant varieties; exploring the flexibilities of TRIPs, biotechnology capacity building and appropriate technology transfer; and disclosure of origin in patent applications. The project website
.

 

SCALING UP MARINE MANAGEMENT: THE ROLE OF MARINE PROTECTED AREAS
(World Bank, 2006)
In this report, the World Bank assesses factors likely to determine marine protected areas� (MPA) success and identifies opportunities for the Bank and its partners to scale up MPA implementation to meet global conservation targets, such as those set at the World Summit on Sustainable Development. The report focuses on how best to capture the potential benefits of MPAs for helping the world�s poor, while addressing the sociocultural and political realities of restricting access to the sea and regulating what has traditionally been considered common property. The report.

 

LINKING TRADE, CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENERGY
(ICTSD, November 2006)

This collection of issue briefs edited by Erwin Rose and Moustapha Kamal Gueye addresses the points of contact between trade liberalization and the mitigation of and adaptation to climate change, and mutual supportiveness between domestic and international measures to address climate change and the international trade system. Issue briefs summarize links between trade, climate change and energy; explain some of the specific circumstances in Asia, especially China; and focus on bioenergy, looking both at the global picture and at experiences in Africa, Asia and Brazil. The briefs.

 

SUSTAINABILITY MANAGEMENT AND REPORTING: BENEFITS FOR FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS IN DEVELOPING AND EMERGING ECONOMIES
(UNEP FI, December 2006)

A product of the UNEP Finance Initiative�s Sustainability Management and Reporting (SMR) Project, this report provides guidance on transparent environmental and sustainability reporting for financial institutions in developing and emerging economies, and identifies benefits stemming from implementing SMR, including revenue growth, risk management, access to capital, and cost savings. The report.

 

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recently published documents and online resources,
send a message to
Diego Noguera, IISD

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