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KEY PUBLICATIONS AND ONLINE RESOURCES

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

This page was updated on: 01/12/10

 

2007
 

Sustainable Development Key Publications and Online Resources Archives: 2010; 2009; 2008; 2006; 2005; 2004; 2003; 2002


REN21 RENEWABLES GLOBAL STATUS REPORT 2007

(REN21, December 2007)

This pre-publication summary for the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change COP 13, issued by the Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (REN21), argues that renewable energy has evolved from an “alternative” source of energy to a mainstream energy option. Noting that renewable energy (without large hydro) now provides about 240 gigawatts of clean power, avoiding some 5 gigatonnes of carbon emissions per year, the report also highlights that wind energy has the largest share of renewable energy investment and continues to grow at 25-30% per year. The report.

 

MARKETS FOR ECOSYSTEM SERVICES: NEW CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR BUSINESS AND THE ENVIRONMENT

(World Business Council for Sustainable Development and IUCN-the World Conservation Union, 2007)

This briefing paper outlines the potential for mobilizing business and markets to conserve nature, arguing that market mechanisms can be a compelling complement to existing strategies for ecosystem conservation. The paper outlines three mechanisms to develop markets for ecosystem services, including: direct payments; tradable permits; and certification. The briefing paper.

NET-MAP TOOLBOX
(IFPRI, 2007)
This tool was developed by Eva Schiffer, a postdoctoral fellow at the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). Net-Map is an interview-based mapping tool that helps people understand, visualize, discuss, and improve situations in which many different actors influence outcomes. It offers an innovative way to enable groups, ranging from local communities to the regional and national levels and stakeholder groups, to work together in more effective and collaborative ways to share common resources. The resource.

REDUCING U.S. GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS: HOW MUCH AT WHAT COST?
(McKinsey & Company, 2007)
This report by the consulting firm McKinsey & Company is based on its work with leading companies, industry experts, academics, and environmental NGOs to develop a “detailed, consistent fact base estimating costs and potentials of different options” for reducing or preventing greenhouse gas emissions within the United States. The team analyzed more than 250 options, encompassing efficiency gains, shifts to lower-carbon energy sources, and expanded carbon sinks, and finds that the US could reduce its emissions in 2030 by 3.0 to 4.5 gigatons using tested approaches and high-potential emerging technologies. The study.

TRADE-RELATED MEASURES AND MULTILATERAL ENVIRONMENTAL AGREEMENTS
(UNEP, 2007)
This paper contributes to ongoing negotiations at the World Trade Organization (WTO) by analyzing multilateral environment agreement (MEA) trade-related measures in the context of their overall objectives. In particular, the paper provides a detailed review of the main provisions and specific trade-related measures found in six MEAs and explores the role these measures play in the overall context of the MEAs. The paper recommends a framework for considering trade-related measures in reference to the functions they perform, and notes that MEAs have numerous features that contribute not only to their own effectiveness but also support international trade rules, moving towards more objective, science-based, and standardized approaches in addressing shared environmental and health concerns. The paper.

A PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS OF MEA EXPERIENCES IN IDENTIFYING AND FACILITATING THE TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY: WHAT INSIGHTS CAN BE DRAWN FOR THE WTO EGS NEGOTIATIONS?
(UNEP and UNCTAD, 2007)
Multilateral Environmental Agreement (MEA) Secretariats and their parties have been engaged for a number of years in identifying relevant technology and promoting technology transfer as a step towards achieving MEA objectives. This paper examines this experience with a view to enriching WTO negotiations on the liberalization of trade in environmental goods and services. The paper finds that MEAs and their Parties generally adopt a dynamic mechanism for technology identification; designed to respond to the changing nature of environmental challenges, scientific discoveries, technological development, as well as changing economic, social and cultural circumstances. The paper also notes that MEA Secretariats and parties often adopt a “package” approach to technology and technology transfer, where the transfer of the technology is complemented by capacity building, technical assistance, training of personnel, sharing of know-how, and exchange of information. The paper.

COMPLIANCE WITH CLIMATE CHANGE COMMITMENTS: THE G8 RECORD, 1975-2007
(G8 Research Group, 2007)

This research, by John Kirton and Jenilee Guebert of the G8 Research Group, assesses the G8 members’ compliance with their climate change commitments. It covers the period 1987-2007, and assigns a “B” to overall G8 compliance. The assessment.

COP DECISION SEARCH TOOL
(CIESIN, 2007)
This searchable database of the Conference of the Parties (COP) decisions of a number of global environmental conventions has been developed by Columbia University’s Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN). The database can be searched by term or phrase for all of the COP decisions of the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, the Convention on Biological Diversity, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, the Convention on Migratory Species, the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and its Kyoto Protocol, the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and its Montreal Protocol, the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, and the UN Convention to Combat Desertification. The search tool.
 

INTERGOVERNMENTAL NEGOTIATIONS AND DECISION MAKING AT THE UNITED NATIONS: A GUIDE (Second Updated Edition)

(NGLS, 2007)
Originally published in 2004 by the UN Non-Governmental Liaison Service (NGLS), this second revised edition, which was written by NGLS in collaboration with Gretchen Sidhu, explains the governance and decision-making fora and processes of the UN system. It presents updated information on how key participants engage in intergovernmental negotiations; new trends in civil society engagement over the past few years; and a list of NGO focal points across the UN system. The guide.

 

ASSESSMENT OF THE WORLD BANK'S ASSISTANCE TO AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA

(World Bank, November 2007)
This assessment by the World Bank's Independent Evaluation Group finds that the agriculture sector has been neglected by governments and the donor community, including the World Bank. Arising from and contributing to this situation, the technical skills needed to support agricultural development adequately have also declined over time. The assessment.

STATE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE 2007: PAYING FARMERS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES
(FAO, 2007)

The UN Food and Agriculture Organization’s (FAO) State of Food and Agriculture 2007 explores the potential for agriculture to provide enhanced levels of environmental services alongside the production of food and fibre. The report concludes that demand for environmental services from agriculture – including climate change mitigation, improved watershed management and biodiversity preservation – will increase in the future, but better incentives to farmers are needed if agriculture is to meet this demand. The
report.

2007 WORLD WATER WEEK SYNTHESIS REPORT
(SIWI, 2007)
This resource is the synthesis report of 2007 World Water Week, which took place in Stockholm, Sweden, from 12-18 August 2007, around the theme “Striving for Sustainability in a Changing World.” The report synthesizes the issues, ideas and viewpoints addressed during the week and is intended to contribute to the 2008 UN Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) review of the first implementation cycle (2004/2005) of the CSD multi-year programme of work, focused on the themes of water, sanitation, and human settlements, which resulted from CSD 13. The report.

HALF FULL OR HALF EMPTY?
(UNEP FI, October 2007)
This study, compiled by the UN Environment Programme Finance Initiative (UNEP FI) Water and Finance Work Stream, aims to provide lenders and investors with practical guidance on how to identify, assess and integrate water-related risks into existing due-diligence procedures within different industries. The study also gives an overview of emerging opportunities in the water/sanitation sector for financial institutions. The study.

MARKETS FOR ECOSYSTEM SERVICES: NEW CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR BUSINESS AND THE ENVIRONMENT

(WBCSD and IUCN, 2007)

This report by the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) in collaboration with IUCN-the World Conservation Union shows how, at a fundamental level, all economies and businesses depend directly or indirectly on the conservation of biodiversity and the sustainable supply of ecosystem services and states that conserving ecosystems and sustaining the services they provide is a pre-requisite for prosperity. The report seeks to demonstrate that market mechanisms are a powerful complement to existing strategies for conserving ecosystems. The report.

CLIMATE CHANGE, AGRICULTURAL POLICY AND POVERTY REDUCTION – HOW MUCH DO WE KNOW?
(Overseas Development Institute, 2007)
This paper seeks to trace the likely impacts of climate change on agriculture through changes in the quality of the physical asset base, access to assets, and impacts on grain production and on agricultural growth more generally. Its conclusions include suggestions to focus on g
etting an enabling environment in place and markets working, putting social protection in place, and strengthening R&D. It also suggests a need for improved coordination between climate change modelers, agricultural economists and agricultural policy-makers, and incorporating agricultural practices into mitigation policies and programmes such as the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). The paper.

MULTILATERAL ENVIRONMENTAL AGREEMENT NEGOTIATOR’S HANDBOOK
(University of Joensuu, 2007)

Environment Canada, the UN Environment Programme and Joensuu University (Finland) produced the second edition of this Handbook. Is contains key technical information and common sense advice for negotiators. The Handbook.

SUMMARY REPORT OF THE GLOBAL FORUM ON MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT

(UN, October 2007)

The summary report of the First Meeting of the Global Forum on Migration and Development, held in July 2007 and sponsored by the Government of Belgium, is now available. According to the report, the Forum has established a new approach to migration by bringing the debate closer to development issues; paved the way to a long-term vision recognizing the benefits to origin and destination countries and their shared responsibilities; provided a platform for the exchange of experiences, innovations and good practices; and consolidated a system of focal points across countries to strengthen coherence and better communication. The report (A/C.2/62/2).

 

FOOD MILES OR POVERTY ERADICATION: THE MORAL DUTY TO EAT AFRICAN STRAWBERRIES AT CHRISTMAS
(Oxford Institute for Energy Studies & Oxford Climate Policy, 2007)
This article by Benito Müller addresses the controversy regarding discouraging consumers, particularly in the UK, from buying produce from developing countries because of the transport carbon emissions involved in the process, especially in the case of air freight. Müller examines the effect that such an environmental consumer boycott could have on the efforts to eradicate poverty in developing countries, and proposes using carbon offsets to ensure the income of the poorest and most vulnerable countries. The article.

 

BIOFUELS AT WHAT COST? GOVERNMENT SUPPORT FOR ETHANOL AND BIODIESEL IN THE EUROPEAN UNION
(IISD Global Subsidies Initiative, October 2007)

This report by Géraldine Kutas, Carina Lindberg and Ronald Steenblik questions the rationale behind the large sums of money being invested in support of biofuels, noting the forthcoming EU policy review provides an opportunity for the Commission and Member States to recognize that mandatory domestic production and consumption of biofuels is an expensive and inefficient means to achieve the stated policy outcomes. The authors recommend that the EU and its Member States should: avoid instituting new consumption mandates for biofuels or new specific subsidies to the industry; eliminate all tariffs on imported fuel ethanol; improve the information available on government support provided to the biofuels industry; and  put in place an evaluation process to assess the cost-effectiveness of each Member State’s support policies in attaining the objectives underlying the EU biofuels policy. The report.

 

CLEANER, GREENER COTTON: IMPACTS AND BETTER MANAGEMENT PRACTICES(WWF, 2007)
This report shows how WWF is working to address the key environmental and social issues associated with cotton farming, focusing on making cotton more sustainable, which in turn, helps keep the environment it depends on healthy. The report.

 

OUR WATERS: JOINING HANDS ACROSS BORDERS - FIRST ASSESSMENT OF TRANSBOUNDARY RIVERS, LAKES AND GROUNDWATERS IN THE UNECE REGION

(UNECE, 2007)

This publication offers in-depth information on all major surface water bodies in the European and Asian parts of the UNECE region and transboundary aquifers located in South-Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia. It describes the hydrological regime of these water bodies, pressure factors in their basins, their status and transboundary impact, as well as trends, future developments and envisaged management measures. The assessment.

 

HEALTHY HOUSEHOLDS, COMMUNITIES, AND RIVERS: WHO IS MAKING THE CONNECTION?
(ADB, October 2007)
This resource, prepared by Wouter Lincklaen Arriens of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), discusses water and sanitation challenges and solutions in the Asia-Pacific region. The resource.

 

MARINE PROTECTED AREAS AS A TOOL FOR FISHERIES MANAGEMENT WEBSITE
(FAO, 2007)
This UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) website offers guidance on Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) as a fisheries management tool and is part of the organization’s project to increase knowledge on the contribution of MPAs to fisheries management. One section of the website presents guidelines being prepared by FAO on the design, implementation, and testing of MPAs as a fisheries management tool. The Website.

 

CONCEPTUAL OVERVIEW: Gender Mainstreaming: A key driver of development in Environment and Energy
(UNDP, September 2007)

This publication focuses on why and how to mainstream gender into programmes and policies in the main thematic areas of UNDP’s environment and energy practice: (i) water governance, (ii) access to energy services, (iii) land management for the prevention and mitigation of land degradation and deforestation, (iv) biodiversity, and (v) control of emissions of ozone depleting substances and persistent organic pollutants. The publication.

 

E-AGRICULTURE
(FAO, September 2007)
E-agriculture is an interactive web-based platform in support of agriculture and rural development. It is a global initiative to enhance sustainable agricultural development and food security by improving the use of information, communication, and associated technologies in the sector. E-agriculture.

WORLD DATA CENTER (WDC) FOR HUMAN INTERACTIONS IN THE ENVIRONMENT
(CIESIN, 2007)
This portal, hosted by NASA’s Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC), provides access to a range of global data, associated documentation, and visualization and analysis tools, and to the community of experts on global data. The portal.

CLIMATE CHANGE AND TOURISM: RESPONDING TO GLOBAL CHALLENGES

(UNWTO, 2007)

This Advance Summary of the report, commissioned by the UN World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), the UN Environment Programme and the UN World Meteorological Organization, attempts to quantify the links between tourism and climate change, listing as key conclusions that carbon dioxide emissions from the tourism sector are estimated to account for 4-6 % of total emissions, and changing climate patterns might alter major tourism flows where climate is of paramount importance, such as Northern Europe, the Mediterranean and the Caribbean, leaving coastal and mountain-based destinations in least developed countries and small island developing states particularly affected. The report.

 

NEGOTIATING AND IMPLEMENTING MEAs: A MANUAL FOR NGOs

(UNEP, 2007)
This manual attempts to link the areas of multilateral environment agreement (MEA) formulation and civil society participation, with a view to strengthening multi-stakeholder participation and increasing political momentum for effective MEA development, implementation and enforcement. It provides step-by-step background information and approaches, “inside the process” guidance, and expert advice on how stakeholders can effectively engage in developing and implementing MEAs. The manual.

 

BIOFUELS: IS THE CURE WORSE THAN THE DISEASE?
(OECD, September 2007)
This paper, prepared by Richard Doornbosch and Ronald Steenblik for the Round Table on Sustainable Development organized by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) from 11-12 September 2007, cites problems such as a potential conflict between biofuels and food crops, and threats to biodiversity. The report also addresses biofuel subsidies in the North, as well as sustainability certification. The paper at the Financial Times website or at the Friends of the Earth Europe website.

 

RECENT TRENDS IN THE LAW AND POLICY OF BIOENERGY PRODUCTION, PROMOTION AND USE
(FAO Legal Paper Online #68, September 2007)
This paper, authored by Charlotta Jull, Patricia Carmona-Redondo, Victor Mosoti and Jessica Vapnek, seeks to provide legislators and policy-makers with a tool to assist them in identifying areas of law that may affect bioenergy regulation and in designing national bioenergy laws. The paper.

 

ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN BUILDINGS: BUSINESS REALITIES AND OPPORTUNITIES
(WBCSD, 2007)
This study by the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) highlights opportunities to promote green building know how and technologies. It is the result of the first phase of a three year initiative to assess the environmental impacts of buildings and develop means to achieve zero net energy use for residential and commercial buildings. The report.

 

BUSINESS GUIDE TO PARTNERING WITH NGOS AND THE UNITED NATIONS
(UN Global Compact, 2007)
This guide was created through a partnership between Dalberg, the UN Global Compact and the Financial Times. It seeks to facilitate partnerships between companies and NGOs/UN agencies. The guide.

GLOBAL WATER TOOL
(WBCSD, 2007)
The World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) launched this tool during World Water Week. This free tool permits companies and organizations to map their water use and assess risks relative to their global operations and supply chains. The tool.

KEY ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS 2007
(OECD, July 2007)
This report is one of the products of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development’s (OECD) programme on environmental indicators, and it includes key environmental indicators endorsed by OECD Environment Ministers in May 2001. These indicators give a broad overview of environmental issues in OECD counties and are updated every year. The report.

 

WETLANDS, POVERTY REDUCTION AND SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT
(Wetland International, 2007)
Tourism is a principal source of income for 83% of developing countries; wetlands like coasts, rivers and lakes play a vital part in this success. The development of tourism is increasingly considered as a solution to poverty in wetland areas, but there are threats as well as opportunities. This brochure, launched by Wetlands International in cooperation with IUCN Netherlands Committee (IUCN NL), the Dutch development organization Cordaid, the travel organization TUI Nederland, the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention, and the Tourism & Environment Group of the Wageningen University and Research Centre, addresses these issues. The Brochure.

 

PARTICIPATORY LEARNING AND ACTION 56: GENERAL ISSUE

(IIED, 2007)
This resource addresses the following themes: sequential steps for empowering rural communities for local development; participatory monitoring and evaluation in Bangalore; participatory approaches to public accountability in Ghana; using participatory video for monitoring and evaluation; participatory systemization; holistic worldview analysis; and children's participation in governance and decision making. A section on “Tips for trainers” describes the action learning of capacity building in systemization methodologies. The issue.

 

FUTURE INVESTMENT – A SUSTAINABLE INVESTMENT PLAN FOR THE POWER SECTOR TO SAVE THE CLIMATE
(Greenpeace and the European Renewable Energy Council, 6 July 2007)

This report argues that “investing in a renewable energy future will save 10 times the fuel costs of a ‘business as usual’ fossil-fueled scenario.” The report suggests shifting global investments towards solar, wind, hydro, geothermal and bio energy and away from coal and nuclear power, which it labels as “dangerous.” The report stresses the need for urgent action, given that many existing power plants will soon need replacing and that emerging economies such as China, India and Brazil are rapidly building new energy infrastructure. The report.

 

CLIMATE AND THE UN: A NEW BID FOR CONTROL?
(BBC online, May 2007)

In this BBC news online opinion piece, Felix Dodds and Richard Sherman of Stakeholder Forum consider the recent Security Council debate on climate change in April 2007, considering developing countries’ questions over whether this was an appropriate forum for this discussion. The authors suggest that the question is “not whether climate change is a threat to international peace and security, but more about how and where the world should have a discussion on addressing these issues creatively.” The opinion piece.

 

CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY: AN IMPLEMENTATION GUIDE FOR BUSINESS
(IISD, 2007)
This guide, authored by Paul Hohnen and Jason Potts, offers strategic and practical tools to implement corporate social responsibility (CSR) in businesses. CSR offers a new business model aligning core business strategy with social and environmental context, consequently establishing better practices to create wealth and improve society. The guide provides an implementation framework for businesses to begin thinking and acting systematically about corporate social responsibility and is divided into three parts. The first part provides an overview of CSR, the second sets out a six-stage plan and the last looks at the integral role stakeholders play in implementing an effective CSR approach. The guide.

 

ENERGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: POLICY OPTIONS FOR AFRICA
(UN-ENERGY/AFRICA, June 2007)
The report by UN-Energy/Africa, a partnership of UN agencies active in the energy sector, highlights the main challenges and provides some policy guidelines to accelerate energy supply and access in Africa. The report.

 

THE UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT AGENDA: DEVELOPMENT FOR ALL

(UNDESA, June 2007)

This report, published by the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA), reviews the goals, commitments, strategies agreed at UN world conferences held between 1990 and 2005 and their implications for current and future development strategy. Access the report.

ENVIRONMENTAL BURDEN OF DISEASE: COUNTRY PROFILES
(WHO, 2007)
This resource offers the World Health Organization’s (WHO) first compilation of country data on the burden of disease that is preventable through healthier environments. The country profiles provide an overview of summary information on selected parameters that describe the environmental health situation of a country, as well as a preliminary estimate of health impacts caused by environmental risks, with the objective of providing information for informed policy making in disease prevention. Access the ountry profiles.

OPPORTUNITIES FOR BIOMASS ENERGY PROGRAMMES: EXPERIENCES & LESSONS LEARNED BY UNDP IN EUROPE & THE CIS
(UNDP, 2007)

This resource is based on five UNDP-GEF projects in Belarus, Latvia, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia, which focused on the use of wood residues from wood processing and forestry to provide heat. The report presents lessons learned for biomass project development and implementation for market transformation in this region, and makes recommendations for the development and implementation of new biomass projects both in the region and beyond. The report.

GLOBAL TRENDS IN SUSTAINABLE ENERGY INVESTMENT 2007
(UNEP, June 2007)
Climate change worries together with high oil prices and increasing government support fuel
soaring investment rates in the renewable energy and energy efficiency industries, according to this study issued by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP). Noting that renewable energy sectors such as wind, solar and biofuels attract the highest investment levels, the study also stresses that renewable energies are no longer subject to the whims of fluctuating oil prices, but are becoming generating systems of choice for many power companies and countries. The study.

UPDATE REPORT ON NATURAL RESOURCES AND CONFLICT
(Security Council Report, June 2007)

The research organization Security Council Report has developed a web-based report to inform the 25 June 2007 Security Council debate on the relationship between natural resources and conflict. The report.

2007 WORLD ECONOMIC SITUATION AND PROSPECTS (MID-YEAR UPDATE)
(UNDESA, June 2007)
This mid-year update by the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) emphasizes that the world economy is still strongly tied to US fortunes and, for current world economic growth rates to continue, it is crucial to keep the US dollar from falling rapidly while also avoiding a recession. It also highlights the importance of improving the employment effects of positive growth in order to meet the Millennium Development Goals. The update.

TOURISM IN THE POLAR REGIONS: THE SUSTAINABILITY CHALLENGE
(UNEP, June 2007)
Launched in advance of World Environment Day, this report states that Polar tourism has grown dramatically in the last ten years, raising concerns about the possible negative impact on the environment and local communities. Noting that appropriate management practices and infrastructure in the Arctic and Antarctica have not matched the rising flows of visitors, the report says that the adoption of relevant sustainable tourism policies is urgently needed. The report.

THE EU'S AGROFUEL FOLLY: POLICY CAPTURE BY CORPORATE INTERESTS
(Corporate Europe Observatory, June 2007)
This briefing paper argues that the EU’s promotion of agrofuels has been heavily influenced by corporate interests, including car manufacturers, biotech companies and the oil industry. The paper notes that these industries have been invited by the European Commission to shape EU policy on agrofuels through several industry-dominated advisory bodies, arguing that this has affected how the EU is tackling the problem of reducing CO2 emissions from road transport. The briefing paper.

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER ISSUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL GOODS AND SERVICES: AN ILLUSTRATIVE ANALYSIS OF SECTORS RELEVANT TO AIR-POLLUTION AND RENEWABLE ENERGY
(United Nations University-Maastricht Economic and Social Research and Training Centre on Innovation and Technology- UNU-MERIT, 2007)
This paper, authored by Lynn Mytelka, seeks to develop a broader conceptualization of the technology transfer process and open the discussion on the need for a multi-goal approach to Environment Goods and Services (EGS) negotiations in the WTO. It argues that a broader perspective must be adopted, with longer-term goals and processes and a more integrated approach to EGS negotiations with the WTO. The paper argues that such a conceptual reframing would reshape the dynamics of North-South negotiations on EGS to include commitments, activities and partnerships that strengthen the knowledge base, encourage learning and innovation in the South, and address the global importance of sustainable development. The paper.

PARTNERSHIPS FOR THE PLANET: STORIES FROM GENEVA
(WBCSD et al., 2007)

The Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) in partnership with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Conservation Union (IUCN) published this 120-page booklet giving leaders of Geneva’s international organizations the chance to tell the story of their alliances for sustainable development. It was launched on World Environment Day 2007, 5 June, and made available to business delegations at the Global Compact Leaders Summit taking place in Geneva 5-6 July 2007. The resource.

EARTH PORTAL
(National Council for Science and the Environment, April 2007)
The Earth Portal offers science-based, expert-reviewed information about the environment. It seeks to bring the global scientific community together to produce “the first free, expert-driven, massively scaleable information resource on the environment, and to engage civil society in a public dialogue on the role of environmental issues in human affairs.” It includes features such as the Encyclopedia of Earth, Earth News, Earth Forum and Environment in Focus. The Portal.

RESTORING NATURE’S CAPITAL: AN ACTION AGENDA TO SUSTAIN ECOSYSTEM SERVICES
(WRI, 2007)
In this World Resources Institute (WRI) publication, lead authors Frances Irwin and Janet Ranganathan take the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment as their backdrop and draw on the recommendations of 17 contributing authors, WRI’s series of World Resources Reports, and other work to identify what changes must be made to ensure that ecosystems can meet the needs of today’s and future generations. The publication.

LITTLE GREEN DATA BOOK 2007
(World Bank, May 2007)
The “Little Green Data Book 2007” is a pocket-sized quick reference book on key environment and development data for over 200 countries, based on the World Development Indicators 2007. Country, regional, and income group profiles provide a baseline for comparison on the state of the environment and its linkages with the economy and people. This year’s publication affirms that carbon dioxide emissions – the principal man-made cause of global warming – continue to rise, with the world producing today 16 percent more carbon dioxide than in 1990. The book.

MILLENNIUM ECOSYSTEM ASSESSMENT: TOOLKIT FOR UNDERSTANDING AND ACTION
(Island Press, 2007)

This publication provides an overview of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) and its key findings, resources to help communities and organizations bring the MA to practical use, and case studies exemplifying how people globally are using the principles of the MA to protect natural systems. The publication.

GLOBAL BIOENERGY PARTNERSHIP WEBSITE
(Global Bioenergy Partnership, 2007)

The Global Bioenergy Partnership (GBEP) unveiled its web site during the GBEP’s 3rd Steering Committee meeting, which took place during the 15th session of the UN Commission on Sustainable Development. The site provides information on the Partnership, which was created in May 2006 to promote the use of bioenergy and whose secretariat is hosted at FAO. It also offers links to sources of information on bioenergy and features news and a regularly updated list of bioenergy events. The website

SUSTAINABLE BIOENERGY: A FRAMEWORK FOR DECISION MAKERS
(UN-Energy, 2007)
This paper was sponsored by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization and draws on support from the Worldwatch Institute. It was released during CSD-15, and concludes that bioenergy should continue to be discussed at the national and international levels and offers a framework for action. The paper.

UN-CIVIL SOCIETY ENGAGEMENT: YEAR IN REVIEW 2006

(UN NGLS, April 2007)
This publication, published by the UN Non-Governmental Liaison Service (NGLS), reviews civil society engagement in the policy and normative work of the UN and reviews the various consultations, forums, policy dialogues, hearings, CSO advisory committees that took place during 2006.  The publication.

MAKING THE MOST OF THE BAN YEARS
(Spiegel Atlantic Forum, April 2007)
This paper by Thorsten Benner, associate director of the Global Public Policy Institute, and Edward C. Luck, professor at Columbia University, suggests that the US and European Union should join forces with UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to strengthen the UN and develop streamlined approaches to global problems. The paper.

CLIMATE SCIENCE 2006: MAJOR NEW DISCOVERIES
(WRI, April 2007)
In this World Resources Institute (WRI) Issue Brief, authors Kelly Levin and Jonathan Pershing review the climate change research of 2006, which they organize according to research on the physical climate, hydrological cycle, ecosystems, and mitigation technologies and economics. The Issue Brief.

INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT FOR THE 21ST CENTURY: SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PERSPECTIVES

(UNDESA, 2007)

This report was launched at the fifteenth session of the UN Commission on Sustainable Development, which is focusing on energy, climate change, air pollution and industrial development. The 432-page volume points to new challenges and opportunities facing industrializing countries as a result of globalization, technological change and international trade rules. It also discusses social and environmental aspects of industrial development. The report.


ANALYSING OUR ENERGY FUTURE: SOME POINTERS FOR POLICY-MAKERS

(UNEP, 2007)

This report is the UN Environment Programme’s (UNEP) non-technical summary of the International Energy Agency’s latest World Energy Outlook. It focuses on its Alternative Policy and Beyond the Alternative Policy Scenarios, and highlights that early moves to shift towards a more sustainable energy system are more effective and cheaper compared to delayed action. It outlines some policy approaches that can bring about this shift and the time scales involved in it, noting that a delay of 10 years in implementing the Alternative Policy Scenario, for example, would push back the date of being on a sustainable path by several decades. The report.

 

EMPOWERING PEOPLE: A GOVERNANCE ANALYSIS OF ELECTRICITY

(WRI and Prayas Energy Group, April 2007)

This report focus on the challenges of providing access to reliable and affordable electricity after waves of liberalization, while addressing environmental challenges based on experiences in India, Indonesia, Philippines, and Thailand. The authors, Smita Nakhooda, Shantanu Dixit and Navroz K. Dubash, argue for greater public involvement and scrutiny, in order to build better governance of electricity. The report.

 

WILLINGNESS-TO-PAY AND DESIGN OF WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION PROJECTS: A CASE STUDY
(Asian Development Bank, 2007)
In water supply and sanitation projects (WSS), Willingness-To-Pay (WTP) surveys are often used to assess demand and estimate project benefits. This paper demonstrates the usefulness of WTP studies in designing WSS projects by drawing from a case study on designing a public–private partnership for WSS in two service areas in Sri Lanka. The case study.

 

CLOSING THE GENDER GAP: PUNJAB WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION PROJECT
(Asian Development Bank, 2007)
This good practice paper looks at how the Asian Development Bank’s Punjab Water Supply and Sanitation Sector project developed female beneficiaries into change agents. It summarizes the planning, design, and implementation of the project’s gender-specific components that not only improved water access for Punjabi women, but also improved their quality of life. The paper.

EUROPEAN UNION POLICY BRIEF ON BIOENERGY
(GMF, April 2007)

This policy brief, commissioned by the German Marshall Fund (GMF) and authored by R. Andreas Kraemer and Stephanie Schlegel, summarizes the development and status quo of the European Union bioenergy policy framework and links it to the current debate on sustainability of bioenergy. The policy brief.

CORPORATE SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSIBILITY IN INDIA: ASSESSING THE UN GLOBAL COMPACT’S ROLE
(German Development Institute, 2007)
This report assesses to what extent the UN Global Compact contributes to improved corporate social responsibility (CSR) in India. The study finds that very few civil society organizations are involved in shaping the CSR agenda, and that most companies prefer business self-regulation in CSR. To strengthen the Global Compact’s and CSR’s role in India, the report recommends that the structure of the national Global Compact networks should be improved by integrating civil society organizations. The report.

WHY ECOSYSTEMS MATTER TO BUSINESS
(WBCSD, 2007)
This article was authored by Björn Stigson, the president of the World Business Council on Sustainable Development. It highlights a number of ongoing activities to explore and manage ecosystems services by companies, governments and NGOs. Among these activities are efforts by IUCN-The World Conservation Union and the UN Environment Programme to spearhead debate on the concept of payments for ecosystem services and WWF-US’ efforts to set up an NGO–private sector forum to promote it. The article.

CLIMATE CHANGE AND FOREIGN POLICY: AN EXPLORATION OF OPTIONS FOR GREATER INTEGRATION
(IISD, 2007)
This report was authored by John Drexhage, Deborah Murphy, Oli Brown, Aaron Cosbey, Peter Dickey, Jo-Ellen Parry and John Van Ham of the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) and Richard Tarasofsky and Beverley Darkin of Chatham House. It presents a series of recommendations on how foreign policy can foster international cooperation on climate change action and suggests that an integrated climate change–foreign policy approach has the potential to improve prospects for more effective efforts to address climate change at the national and international levels. The report.   

COMPENDIUM: A GLOBAL DIRECTORY TO INDICATOR INITIATIVES

(IISD, 2007)

This resource represents the second version of the Compendium of Sustainable Development Indicator Initiatives, a worldwide directory of who is doing what in the field of sustainability indicators. Indicator practitioners are invited to submit information on their own work and take ownership of their entries in the database. The compendium.

MULTI DIMENSIONAL ISSUES IN INTERNATIONAL POWER GRID INTERCONNECTIONS
(UN DSD, 2007)
The UN Division for Sustainable Development (DSD) prepared this publication in preparation for the fifteenth session of the Commission on Sustainable Development. The publication examines technical, economic, legal, political, social and environmental issues associated with electricity interconnections. The publication.

MARKETS FOR ECOSYSTEM SERVICES: A POTENTIAL TOOL FOR MULTILATERAL ENVIRONMENTAL AGREEMENTS
(IISD, 2007)
This report, authored by Anantha Kumar Duraiappah, discusses the potential of markets for ecosystem services (MES) to promote the sustainable use of ecosystem services, and he identifies a role for MEAs in the deployment of such market based instruments. The report.

ENVIRONMENTALISTS CLASH OVER CARBON OFFSETS
(Ecosystem Marketplace, 2007)
This article, authored by Alice Kenny, surveys the issues involved in the debate over voluntary carbon offsets. The article.


POLICY DIRECTIONS TO 2050: A BUSINESS CONTRIBUTION TO THE DIALOGUES ON COOPERATIVE ACTION

(WBCSD, 2007)

This publication by the World Business Council on Sustainable Development (WBCSD) emphasizes the role of decisive, concerted and sustained actions between governments, businesses and consumers to combat climate change. The report.

ECOSYSTEM CHALLENGES AND BUSINESS IMPLICATIONS
(WRI, IUCN, WBCSD and Earthwatch, 2006)
This issue brief from WRI, IUCN, WBCSD and Earthwatch explores six ecosystem challenges and discusses their implications for business and examples of corporate responses. The issue brief.

THE DEVELOPMENT POTENTIAL OF REGIONAL PROGRAMS
(World Bank, 2007)
This evaluation assesses World Bank support for regional development programs over fiscal years 1995-2005, based on evaluations of 19 regional programs and a review of the Bank's total portfolio of some 100 regional operations. It finds that a majority of the programs evaluated have been or appear likely to be effective in achieving most of their development objectives, but suggests that stronger results could be achieved if regional program support were better developed as an international development practice.
The report.


PAY – ESTABLISHING PAYMENTS FOR WATERSHED SERVICES

(IUCN-The World Conservation Union, 2006)

IUCN launched this report on World Water Day, 22 March 2007. It sets out how water market and incentive schemes should be designed to maintain water resources, providing examples of systems already in place. The report.

 

Archive of Publications on Environmental-Economic Accounting
(UN Statistics Division, 2007)
This new searchable archive has been developed under the auspices of the UN Committee of Experts on Environmental-Economic Accounting (UNCEEA). It makes methodological publications and country practices on environmental-economic accounting widely available, and seeks to facilitate the work of statisticians, researchers and practitioners in the field. The archive of publications.

 

A Review of Energy in National MDG Reports
(UNDP, January 2007)
This study, written by Minoru Takada and Silvia Fracchia, attempts to understand how energy issues are recognized and integrated in the MDG monitoring framework through a review of 100 national MDG reports. The authors highlight case-studies of how to link energy services to a broader set of development issues, such as poverty reduction, gender equality, and environmental sustainability and climate change. The study.

 

STATE OF THE ENVIRONMENT ABU DHABI

(UNEP/GRID-Arendal, March 2007)

The first State of the Environment Report for the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, produced by UNEP/GRID-Arendal, was launched on 19 March 2007. The report identifies and analyzes key issues in environmental areas according to each of their Drivers, Pressures, State, Impact and Response, known as the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) DPSIR Model. The areas covered by the report include, among others, freshwater, atmosphere, land resources, coastal and marine resources, and biodiversity. The State of the Environment report.

 

LINKAGES AFRICA

(IISD RS, 2007)
This first issue of Linkages Africa offers summaries and links to further information on recent meetings, media reports and resources related to environment and sustainable development in Africa. Linkages Africa.

HOW IWRM WILL CONTRIBUTE TO ACHIEVING THE MDGS
(Global Water Partnership, Policy Brief 4, 2007)
This brief is part of a series of policy and technical briefs designed to help countries accelerate their efforts to achieve the action target for the preparation of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) and water efficiency strategies and plans set by the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development and reinforced by the 2005 World Summit. The series tackles key issues and potential stumbling blocks and attempts to give countries at the beginning of the process the benefit of lessons learned from those further down the path. The series complements Catalyzing Change: A Handbook for Developing Integrated Water Resources Management and Water Efficiency Strategies. The policy brief.

BILATERAL INVESTMENT TREATIES – IMPLICATIONS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND OPTIONS FOR REGULATION
(FES, February 2007)
This report, authored by Luke Eric Petersen, summarizes discussions at the international workshop “Bilateral Investment Treaties – Implications for Sustainable Development and Options for Regulation,” held in Berlin, Germany, on 10 December 2006, organized by the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES). The report.

NEW TRENDS IN TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER: IMPLICATIONS FOR NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL POLICY
(International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, February 2007)
Authored by John H. Barton, this paper describes how technology is today transferred to developing countries and the barriers that affect that transfer. It then identifies policy approaches that might overcome those barriers, addressing: the flow of human resources, as through international education; the flow of public sector technology support, as through research and licensing by international organizations; and the flow of private technology, as through the sale of consumer products (e.g. medicines) that may incorporate embodied technologies through licensing, and through foreign direct investment
The paper.

UN WORLD SUMMITS AND CIVIL SOCIETY ENGAGEMENT
(UN Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD), January 2007)

This publication attempts to address questions such as: What do opportunities for civil society engagement in UN World Summits really mean, and given that civil society organizations tend to differ in their perceptions of and approaches to international institutions, what have been the effects on the structure of civil society at the national level? The document.

THE UNFINISHED STORY OF WOMEN AND THE UNITED NATIONS
(UN-NGLS, 2007)

UN-Non-Governmental Liaison Service (NGLS) launched this publication to commemorate International Women’s Day. This resource, authored by Hilkka Pietilä,
covers more than 85 years of history between women and intergovernmental organizations, from the story of women and the League of Nations and the ten year review of the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, China. The publication.
 

International trade in biofuels: good for development? and good for environment?
(IIED, 2007)
This briefing, written by Annie Dufey, argues that biofuels can help address climate change problems and improve rural employment and livelihoods. The briefing provides some policy solutions. The briefing.

LEGISLATIVE DRAFTING GUIDE: A PRACTITIONER’S VIEW
(FAO Legal Papers Online #64, February 2007)
This resource, authored by Kenneth L. Rosebaum, offers a style guide for legislative drafting in international legal assistance projects. It seeks to “serve as an introduction for those who do not usually draft legislation and checklist and review for experienced drafters.” The guide.

GEO YEAR BOOK 2007
(UNEP, February 2007)
This year book is UNEP’s fourth annual report on the changing environment. It includes global and regional overviews of significant developments over the past year and offers a special feature section that analyzes the intersection between environment and globalization. The year book.

BIOSAFETY POLICY PAPER
(IISD RS, January 2007)
With the focus of the African Union Summit on science and technology, in particular issues related to biotechnology and biosafety, IISD RS experts have prepared a Biosafety Policy Paper that evaluates the challenges ahead for African negotiators on areas related to biotechnology and biosafety during the year 2007. The biosafety paper reviews the framework documents adopted in the region in order to harmonize approaches to biotechnology and biosafety, including: Africa's Science and Technology Consolidated Plan of Action adopted by the New Partnership for Africa's Development and the African Union; the report of the High-Level African Panel on Modern Biotechnology; the African Position on the Issue of Genetically Modified Organisms and Agriculture, adopted by the Conference of Agricultural Ministers of the African Union; and the draft African strategy on biosafety presented by the African Union's Directorate of Human Resources, Science and Technology.  Based on Africa’s core guiding principles for policy-making, the brief presents proposals and ideas to apply them in biotechnology-related multilateral negotiations on environmental issues, specifically negotiations on liability and redress in the context of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, access and benefit-sharing under the Convention on Biological Diversity, and funding for biosafety in the framework of the Global Environment Facility. Biosafety Policy Paper; IISD RS Listserve Manager (to receive further Africa Initiative outputs).

AFRICASD-L List
(IISD RS, 2007)
In order to disseminate the activities of the African Regional Coverage (ARC) Project, IISD RS has established the AFRICASD-L List as a peer-to-peer list to distribute information regarding the African Regional Coverage Project and related information on sustainable development decision-making in Africa. IISD RS Listserve Manager.

ENCYCLOPEDIA OF EARTH
(Environmental Information Coalition and National Council for Science and the Environment)
This web-based electronic reference source offers information about the Earth, its natural environments, and their interaction with society. The Encyclopedia is a free, fully searchable collection of articles written by scholars, professionals, educators, and experts who collaborate and review each other's work. The website.

SUSTAINABLE URBAN TRANSPORT IN ASIA: MAKING THE VISION A REALITY
(WRI, 2007)
This report summarizes the main findings from the Partnership for Sustainable Urban Transport in Asia (PSUTA), which works with stakeholders in Hanoi (Vietnam), Pune (India) and Xi'an (China) to identify indicators of sustainable transport for use in the policy making process. The report identifies indicators of sustainable transport to help decision makers in Asian cities better understand the current sustainability, or lack of it, of their urban transport systems and to develop more structured and quantified approaches to policy making. The report.

ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBALIZATION: FIVE PROPOSITIONS
(IISD, 2007)

This paper, written by
Adil Najam, David Runnalls and Mark Halle, examines the nature and importance of the links between environment and globalization, and stresses that better global governance is the key to managing both globalization and the global environment. It was prepared as an independent input into the February 2007 meeting of the UNEP Global Ministerial Environment Forum (GMEF). The paper.

DEBATE ON UN SYSTEM-WIDE COHERENCE PANEL REPORT: "DELIVERING AS ONE"
(Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, January 2007)
This conference report, authored by Volker Lehmann, reports on a roundtable discussion between representatives of civil society, government and UN staff on the recommendations of the High-level Panel on UN System-Wide Coherence. This December 2006 event was hosted by the Friedrich Ebert Foundation (FES), in co-operation with the UN Non-Governmental Liaison Service (NGLS). Participants emphasized that political trust in the UN, and in particular its development and aid mechanisms, needs to be rebuilt if there is to be a realistic chance of the implementation of the Coherence Panel’s recommendations. The Conference report.

MULTISTAKEHOLDER PARTNERSHIPS – FUTURE MODELS OF MULTILATERALISM?(Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, January 2007)
This Occasional Paper, authored by Jens Martens, examines the growing role of  “multistakeholder initiatives” and “policy networks” between private and public actors within the UN system. The paper overviews how relationships between the UN and private actors have changed over time, traces the scale and scope of “partnerships,” discusses the limits, risks and side effects of this paradigm shift in international politics, and calls for clear rules for partnerships between the UN and private actors. The Occasional Paper.  

A PRIORITY AGENDA FOR THE NEXT UN SECRETARY-GENERAL
(Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, December 2006)

This Occasional Paper, authored by Thomas G. Weiss and Peter J. Hoffman, reports on the deliberations of four workshops in October and November 2006 that sought to help facilitate the construction of an agenda that incoming UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon could act on, what he should look to work with others on to achieve, and what is unrealistic and should be set aside. The workshops were organized by the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung and the Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies of the CUNY Graduate Center and were attended by representatives from the UN Secretariat, diplomatic missions, non-governmental organizations and academia. The Occasional Paper.

ENERGY [R]EVOLUTION: A SUSTAINABLE WORLD ENERGY OUTLOOK
(Greenpeace and European Renewable Energy Council, January 2007)

This report analyzes future scenarios of energy use and suggests that half of the world's energy needs in 2050 could be met by renewable energy sources and improved efficiency. This report seeks to provide a roadmap for meeting future energy needs without fuelling climate change. The report.

Green Energy TV

(Northeast Sustainable Energy Association, 2007)

This resource is an internet-based television channel dedicated to sharing stories of successful green energy initiatives. Videos are uploaded via the website, with the aim of raising awareness among consumers and companies of the energy choices available and to empower them to make educated energy choices. The Green Energy TV site. 
 

ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS FOR NORTH AMERICA
(UNEP, December 2006)

Examining the indicators used to describe environmental conditions and trends in Canada and the United States, this report published by UN Environment Programme (UNEP) reveals positive trends such as a decoupling of energy consumption from economic growth, as well as strong progress in decreasing the release of sulphur oxides. The report.

DEBATING NGO ACCOUNTABILITY
(UN NGLS, 2006)
This book, authored by Jem Bendell, is part of the UN’s Nongovernmental Liaison Services (NGLS) development dossier. Bendell proposes that democracy and human rights should be at the centre of the debate about NGO accountability. The book.

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER WEB RESOURCE
(SciDev.Net, 2007)
SciDev.Net has developed a technology transfer resource for developing country policymakers. It includes peer-reviewed policy briefs, opinion articles, a collection of key documents and links as well as definitions of essential terms, and covers information such as how to take advantage of foreign direct investment, how to help firms build their own technological capacity and what the public sector can do to support agricultural technology transfer. The web resource.

BEYOND COMPLIANCE: BUSINESS DECISION MAKING AND THE US EPA’S PERFORMANCE TRACK PROGRAM
(Harvard University, 2006)
This study by Cary Coglianese and Jennifer Nash suggests that corporate participation in voluntary environmental compliance programs may have less to do with the costs and benefits that government agencies put together and more to do with the companies' internal culture. The study.

Energizing Poverty Reduction: A Review of the Energy-Poverty Nexus in Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers
(UNDP, November 2006)
This paper reviews 54 Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers to determine the extent to which energy-poverty dynamics are reflected in the current policies and plans set forth in national poverty reduction strategies. The lead authors, Minoru Takada and Ndika Akong Charles, disaggregate their analysis by region (Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe and Commonwealth of Independent States, and Latin America, and set out their findings under three central themes: linking energy to national development goals; prioritizing the poor in national energy strategies; and budgeting for the poor in national energy strategies. The review.

 

The Millennium Villages Project: a new approach to ending rural poverty in Africa?
(Overseas Development Institute (ODI), 2006)

In this issue of Natural Resource Perspectives, published by ODI, authors Lidia Cabral, John Farrington and Eva Ludi review the experience of the Millennium Villages Project (MVP), an initiative developed by a team of scientists headed by Jeffrey Sachs at The Earth Institute at Columbia University and overseen by the UN Millennium Project. The authors question the scalability and long-term sustainability of the initiative, and highlight the need to establish principles of rural development that are coherent with government capacity, national development strategies and economic prospects. The policy brief.

 

EQUITY AND SOCIAL INDICATORS: MONITORING THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
(IDB, 2006)
This on-line database presents disaggregated data on social indicators. Indicators are disaggregated by income quintile, gender, urban/rural area and race/ethnicity to help identify discrepancies in the achievement of development goals within different groups of population. The database is a collaborative effort of UNDP and IDB, and aims to support analytical work, policy discussions, monitoring and dissemination of the MDGs in Latin America. The database.

 

How costly is it to achieve the Millenium Development Goal of halving poverty between 1990 and 2015?
(UNDP International Poverty Centre (IPC), 2006)

The authors of UNDP Working Paper No. 19, Nanak Kakwani and Hyun H. Son, propose a methodology to estimate the economic growth rates, investment and foreign aid needed to halve poverty up to 2015. They encourage pro-poor policies targeted at reducing foreign aid dependency. The paper.

 

IMPLICATIONS OF IPR RULES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
(University of London, 2006)

This research project by Queen Mary Intellectual Property Research Institute (University of London), Ecologic, Universidad de Alicante, IP Bulgaria, Chatham House and Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation (University of Warwick) includes documents on: geographical indications, environment and development; developing best practice models for provision of technical assistance in the implementation of the TRIPs Agreement; access, IPRs and capacity building in agriculture; assessing the economic implications of different models for implementing the requirement to protect plant varieties; exploring the flexibilities of TRIPs, biotechnology capacity building and appropriate technology transfer; and disclosure of origin in patent applications.
The project website
.

 

SCALING UP MARINE MANAGEMENT: THE ROLE OF MARINE PROTECTED AREAS
(World Bank, 2006)
In this report, the World Bank assesses factors likely to determine marine protected areas� (MPA) success and identifies opportunities for the Bank and its partners to scale up MPA implementation to meet global conservation targets, such as those set at the World Summit on Sustainable Development. The report focuses on how best to capture the potential benefits of MPAs for helping the world�s poor, while addressing the sociocultural and political realities of restricting access to the sea and regulating what has traditionally been considered common property. The report.

 

2006 TOP NEWS ON THE ENVIRONMENT IN ASIA
(IGES, December 2006)
The Institute for Global Environmental Strategies has published its annual list of top environmental news stories of 2006. The list includes stories on climate change, air quality, waste disposal, forest conservation and other environmental issues. The list.

 

MAKING PROGRESS ON ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY: LESSONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS FROM A REVIEW OF OVER 150 MDG COUNTRY EXPERIENCES(UNDP, October 2006)
This report, jointly launched by UNDP and UNEP, charts countries� efforts towards more environmentally sustainable development planning, while indicating that most counties are not on track to reach Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 7 (ensuring environmental sustainability) by 2015. The report calls on countries to take more ambitious steps to protect the environment and demonstrates that progress can be accelerated when country-specific MDG targets are tailored. The report.

UNEP MAJOR GROUPS DIRECTORY
(UNEP, 2006)
UNEP has created an on-line directory for civil society organizations that are engaged with the work of UNEP. Organizations that are accredited to the UNEP Governing Council, that have participated in a Global Civil Society Forum, or work with one or several UNEP divisions or regional offices are encouraged to register their profile to be included in the directory. The on-line directory.

YOUR RIGHT TO A HEALTHY ENVIRONMENT: A SIMPLIFIED GUIDE TO THE AARHUS CONVENTION ON ACCESS TO INFORMATION, PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN DECISION-MAKING AND ACCESS TO JUSTICE IN ENVIRONMENTAL MATTERS
(UNECE, June 2006)
This resource presents the rights and obligations under the Aarhus Convention in easy-to-understand language. The Aarhus Convention is widely recognized as the world�s foremost international instrument promoting access to information, public participation in decision-making and access to justice in environmental matters. The resource.
 

If you would like to submit details of
recently published documents and online resources,
send a message to
Diego Noguera, IISD

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