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KEY PUBLICATIONS AND ONLINE RESOURCES

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT

This page was updated on: 01/12/10

 

2007

 

Human Development Key Publications and Online Resources Archives: 2010; 2009; 2008; 2006; 2005; 2004; 2003; 2002

COMMUNITY BASED ADAPTATION: A VITAL APPROACH TO THE THREAT CLIMATE CHANGE POSES TO THE POOR
(IIED, December 2007)
This briefing, written by Saleemul Huq and Hannah Reid, focuses on how community-based adaptation (CBA) can help millions of poor, who are at the greatest risk from climate change, to adapt. The authors outline the concepts behind CBA, share lessons learned, and call for greater networking, information sharing and support for CBA activities. The briefing.

MIGRATION AND ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
(IIED, December 2007)
This briefing, written by Cecilia Tacoli, is part of the Sustainable Development Opinion series published by IIED. The author focuses on how climate change impacts human systems and behaviors, particularly mobility. The author details how migration is increasingly becoming an adaptive response to changes influenced by climate change. The author notes direct changes such as growing environmental stress and indirect changes such as socio-economic, political and cultural factors that are also vulnerable to climate change. The briefing.

EDUCATION FOR ALL GLOBAL MONITORING REPORT 2008
(UNESCO, November 2007)

The Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2008, published by UNESCO, has been released. The report notes that although the number of children enrolled in primary school and the percentage of girls attending classes have increased in the past decade, adult illiteracy levels remain high. The report adds that the cost of schooling still continues to restrict access to education for millions of children. The report.

FAST FACTS: UNDP AND CLIMATE CHANGE
(UNDP, November 2007)

This fact sheet summarizes the four main areas of UNDP’s work on climate change, lists the recommendations of the Human Development Report, and briefly describes UNDP’s role in the context of the Bali conference. The fact sheet.

VOICES OF THE POOR: SYNTHESIS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
(Southern African Regional Poverty Network, June 2007)
This report, written by W. Smit, focuses on why poor South Africans have difficulties accessing urban land. Through the analysis of CSOs experiences in the field, the report identifies several obstacles including poverty and high prices; unequal land distribution during the colonial and apartheid periods; private land markets that exclude the poor; government policies are not pro-poor; and self-interested party politics. The report.

TOWARDS WELLBEING IN FOREST COMMUNITIES – A SOURCEBOOK FOR LOCAL GOVERNANCE
(Center for International Forestry Research, 2007)
This sourcebook defines concepts of wellbeing and poverty and provides four tools (interactive mapping, a local wellbeing monitoring system, evaluating local government programs through community focus groups, and scenario-based planning) that will help local governments identify and collect relevant data, address challenges, and implement policies that will have positive impacts on poverty and wellbeing. The sourcebook.

THE TRANSITION TO A PREDOMINANTLY URBAN WORLD AND ITS UNDERPINNINGS
(IIED, 2007)
This paper, authored by David Satterthwaite, describes the dramatic changes in the size of the world's urban population and of its largest cities over the last 100 years. The paper also explains how and why the world is actually less urbanised and less dominated by large cities than expected and questions whether rapid urbanisation will continue in Africa. The paper.

ENVIRONMENT AND URBANISATION: FINANCE FOR LOW-INCOME HOUSING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
(IIED, 2007)
Ideas and experience in housing finance have increased significantly since the last issue of the journal focusing on this topic back in 1993. These nine papers highlight some of the diverse activities taking place involving savings, loans and subsidies. The papers.

does aid work? - for the mdgs
(UNDP IPC, 2007)
This issue of Poverty in Focus, published by the UNDP International Poverty Centre, questions whether aid increases as pledged by the G8 leaders are really necessary in order to achieve the MDGs. The issue compiles 12 essays providing different perspectives on the current international aid system, aid effectiveness and policy relevant results. The paper.

BUDGET SUPPORT: AS GOOD AS the STRATEGY IT FINANCES
(Social Watch, 2007)
This paper, authored by R. Carter and S. Lister, questions whether direct budget support is an effective means of financing the MDGs, how it should be designed and what attitude civil society organizations should adopt towards it. The authors indicate that international aid donors have increasingly moved toward direct budget support as a means of reducing poverty and meeting the MDGs, based on the claim that it is an efficient mechanism for delivering scaled-up aid effectively. The paper.

Asian models for aid: is there a non-western approach to development assistance?
(Chr. Michelsen Institute, 2007)
This paper, written by Alf Morten Jerve, is a summary record of a seminar held in Oslo, Norway, in December 2006, that focused on the models for aid of Japan, China, India and South Korea. The paper notes that while the Japanese aid model is harmonized with the Western donors, China’s expanded aid and trade relations with Africa have brought concerns to traditional Western donors. The author argues that the emergence of new donors challenges the current consensus of a harmonized aid architecture. The paper.

Manual for the Production of Statistics on the Information Economy
(UNCTAD, November 2007)
This Manual, published by the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), aims to serve as a reference for national statistical offices and other producers of official statistics on business use of information and communication technology (ICT). The manual provides a guide to data collection and analysis, international standards and definitions, and a survey template on ICT use, and reviews issues related to compiling ICT statistics. The manual.

UNDP/UNFPA Executive Board decisions 2007
(UN, November 2007)
This document (DP/2008/2) contains the decisions on the strategic plans for the 2008-2011 period that were adopted by the Executive Board for both UNDP and UNFPA . The report.

 

developing countries international trade 2007: Trade and Development Index
(UNCTAD, November 2007)

The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development has launched the Trade and Development Index (TDI) 2007. The TDI is a tool that aims at assisting governments in selecting strategies to participate more effectively in the global economy and to benefit from trade that can contribute towards sustainable development and national economic growth. The TDI 2007 presents country profiles for each of the 123 countries represented in the analysis. The Index.

CLIMATE CHANGE, AGRICULTURAL POLICY AND POVERTY REDUCTION – HOW MUCH DO WE KNOW?
(Overseas Development Institute, 2007)
This paper seeks to trace the likely impacts of climate change on agriculture through changes in the quality of the physical asset base, access to assets, and impacts on grain production and on agricultural growth more generally. Its conclusions include suggestions to focus on g
etting an enabling environment in place and markets working, putting social protection in place, and strengthening R&D. It also suggests a need for improved coordination between climate change modelers, agricultural economists and agricultural policy-makers, and incorporating agricultural practices into mitigation policies and programmes such as the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). The paper.

MULTILATERAL ENVIRONMENTAL AGREEMENT NEGOTIATOR’S HANDBOOK
(University of Joensuu, 2007)

Environment Canada, the UN Environment Programme and Joensuu University (Finland) produced the second edition of this Handbook. Is contains key technical information and common sense advice for negotiators. The Handbook.

REDHUM - HUMANITARIAN INFORMATION IN SPANISH

(The Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, November 2007)

La Red de Información Humanitaria (Redhum) is a website to provide Spanish-speakers with information on natural disasters and complex emergencies in the Latin American and Caribbean region. The site will provide up-to-date situation reports, maps and contact information to promote better preparation and response in the event of a disaster. A similar service, ReliefWeb, has been available in English since 1996. The site.  

THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS: PROGRESS IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC 2007
(UNDP, UNESCAP, ADB, October 2007)
This resource provides a status report on the MDGs in Asia and the Pacific and highlights the challenges that remain. The report indicates overall progress in the region, but notes  intra-country disparities. It argues that although Asia and the Pacific has been setting the pace for the developed world on economic growth, it is now time to focus on equity to ensure that the benefits of economic development are shared with all people. The report.

SUMMARY REPORT OF THE GLOBAL FORUM ON MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT

(UN, October 2007)

The summary report of the First Meeting of the Global Forum on Migration and Development, held in July 2007 and sponsored by the Government of Belgium, is now available. According to the report, the Forum has established a new approach to migration by bringing the debate closer to development issues; paved the way to a long-term vision recognizing the benefits to origin and destination countries and their shared responsibilities; provided a platform for the exchange of experiences, innovations and good practices; and consolidated a system of focal points across countries to strengthen coherence and better communication. The report (A/C.2/62/2). 

CHRONIC POVERTY AND THE MDGs
(Chronic Poverty Research Centre, October 2007)
This brief, written by Tim Braunholtz-Speight, discusses how the MDGs relate to the problem of chronic poverty; how strategies to hit MDG targets help or hinder action on chronic poverty; and how the MDGs can be used to prepare for the longer-term task of eradicating poverty beyond 2015. The brief.

CHINA AND THE END OF POVERTY IN AFRICA: TOWARDS MUTUAL BENEFIT?
(European Network on Debt and Development, October 2007)
This report, written by Penny Davies, examines China’s increasing role as a donor in Africa. The author argues that China’s assistance to and cooperation with Africa is changing the rules of lending and aid giving practiced by Western governments. The report.

THE POLITICS OF WHAT WORKS IN TACKLING CHRONIC POVERTY
(Chronic Poverty Research Centre, August 2007)
This brief, written by S. Hickey and T. Braunholtz-Speight, focuses on how politics can shape poverty reduction efforts and policies and programmes that have been successful in terms of reducing extreme forms of poverty. It summarizes a research programme that looked at the politics behind anti-poverty interventions in Bangladesh, India, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Uganda and Zambia. The study notes that better data on the persistence of poverty is needed, but the broader society must engage with the ideas and concepts on the causes of poverty. The brief.  

WORLD INVESTMENT REPORT 2007
(UNCTAD, October 2007)
The World Investment Report 2007, launched by the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), examines activities of transnational corporations in extractive industries and their development implications. The report also explores policy options aimed at ensuring tangible and long-term gains for growth and development in developing countries. The report.

CEDAW REPORT

(CEDAW, October 2007)

The Report of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women for 2007 has been issued. The report covers the 37th, 38th and 39th sessions of the Committee. The report (A/62/38).
 

The Macroeconomic Implications of MDG-Based Strategies in Sub-Saharan Africa

(UNDP International Poverty Centre, October 2007)

This research brief, authored by John Weeks and Terry McKinley, focuses on the implications for fiscal, monetary and exchange-rate policies from the scaling-up of Official Development Asssistance (ODA), as pledged at the G-8 Summit in 2005, when leaders agreed to to double their ODA to Africa by 2010 to achieve the MDGs. The research brief.

 

GLOBAL SURVEY OF EARLY WARNING SYSTEMS

(UN, September 2007)