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KEY PUBLICATIONS AND ONLINE RESOURCES

FORESTS, DESERTS, LAND

This page was updated on: 01/13/10

 

2008

 

Forests, Deserts, Land Key Publications and Online Resources Archives: 2010; 2009; 2007; 2006; 2005; 2004; 2003; 2002

FAO RESOURCES ON FOREST TENURE
(FAO, November 2008)
This series of papers provides an overview of forest tenure as a founding block for sustainable forest management and poverty alleviation, and includes case studies from South and Southeast Asia and Africa. The papers: Understanding forest tenure in Africa: opportunities and challenges for forest tenure diversification - Understanding Forest Tenure in South and Southeast Asia -
Tenure security for better forestry

FORESTRY CARBON STANDARDS 2008
(Albert-Ludwigs University and the University of Canterbury, November 2008)

This report, written by Eduard Merger, is a comparison of four leading forestry project standards from the voluntary carbon market. The report.

TROPICAL FORESTS AND CLIMATE CHANGE
(ITTO, October 2008)
This report summarizes the deliberations of the International Expert Meeting on Addressing Climate Change through Sustainable Management of Tropical Forests, which met for three days in Yokohama, Japan, in May/June 2008. The meeting endorsed the potential role of sustainable forest management in the tropics in both mitigating climate change and helping communities adapt to it. The report.

FORESTS AND WATER
(FAO, 2008)

Written by L.S. Hamilton, this Forestry Paper of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is a thematic study prepared in the framework of the Global Forest Resources Assessment 2005. The paper suggests that forest cover’s importance in regulating hydrological flows has often been overestimated, stating that reforestation to prevent or reduce floods is effective at only a local scale of a few hundred hectares. The author notes that forests’ most significant contribution to the hydrological balance of watershed ecosystems is in maintaining high-quality water. FAO Forestry Paper 155.

FINANCING FLOWS AND NEEDS TO IMPLEMENT THE NON-LEGALLY BINDING INSTRUMENT ON ALL TYPES OF FORESTS
(UNFF, October 2008)
Written by Markku Simula, this background paper was prepared for the Advisory Group on Finance of the Collaborative Partnership on Forests, in advance of the meeting of the Ad Hoc Expert Group on Finance of the UN Forum on Forests (UNFF), which will be held from 10-14 November 2008, in Vienna, Austria. The paper maps the needs and available sources and mechanisms for funding, taking into account recent developments, including in the climate change regime. The paper.

CLIMATE CHANGE: FINANCING GLOBAL FORESTS
(Office of Climate Change, UK, October 2008)
Prepared by Johan Eliasch for the UK Government, this review provides a comprehensive analysis of international financing to reduce forest loss and its associated impacts on climate change. The review.

BEYOND TENURE: RIGHTS-BASED APPROACHES TO PEOPLES AND FORESTS
(Rights and Resources Initiative, October 2008)

Written by Marcus Colchester, and based on a review of 17 years of work with forest peoples in Africa, Asia and Latin America, this paper explores the complexity of rights that need recognition if community-based livelihoods in forests are to be secured and well-being is to be improved. The paper.

CLIMATE CHANGE – CAN SOIL MAKE A DIFFERENCE?
(EC, October 2008)

The report is now available for the European Commission-sponsored meeting of the same name. The meeting, which convened on 12 June 2008, in Brussels, Belgium, heard statements from Luc Gnacadja, Executive Secretary of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification, and
Stavros Dimas, Commissioner for the Environment, European Commission, among others. Speakers’ overall message was that soil is part of the climate change problem, but can – and must – also be part of the solution. The extent to which soil-emitted greenhouse gases and the processes leading to these emissions can be reduced requires further work, but efforts to adopt sound soil management practices and maintain carbon in soil can help to offset fossil fuel emissions. The Conference website.

MAKING REDD WORK FOR THE POOR

(Poverty and Environment Initiative, October 2008)
This Policy Brief, based on the report “Making REDD Work for the Poor,” by Peskett et al (2008), is a synthesis of the social dimensions of reduced emissions from deforestation and degradation. It presents ten required conditions that will ensure that the implementation of REDD mechanisms yields benefits for the rural poor in developing countries. The Policy Brief.

 

LIFE AS COMMERCE: THE IMPACT OF MARKET-BASED CONSERVATION ON INDIGENOUS PEOPLES, LOCAL COMMUNITIES AND WOMEN
(Global Forest Coalition, October 2008)

This report features case studies from India, Costa Rica, South Africa, Paraguay and Colombia about the impact of market-based conservation mechanisms like ecotourism, forest certification, biodiversity offsets and carbon trade on indigenous peoples, local communities and women. Focusing on the rules and standards needed for these mechanisms to generate benefits for local communities, the report concludes that governments and other donors should undertake a profound analysis of market-based conservation approaches to assess whether they really do strengthen rights-based, socially just biodiversity conservation policies, or whether they are, in reality, ineffective, inefficient and risky, contributing to the erosion of good public governance over biodiversity.  The report.

 

RIGHTS-BASED APPROACHES TO FOREST CONSERVATION
(IUCN, August 2008)
The latest issue of arborvitae, an IUCN Newsletter, addresses the debate on rights-based approaches to conservation. It includes several papers that highlight the need for conservation to recognize the rights of those people who are most impacted by global conservation initiatives, for ethical and social justice reasons, but also as a practical imperative for biodiversity conservation. arborvitae 36.

2007 FOREST PRODUCTS DATA
(UNECE/FAO, August 2008)

The UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)/UN Food and Agriculture Organizations (FAO) Timber Section has made available on its web site the complete set of provisional 2007 forest products data. The data include removals, production of sawnwood, panels, pulp and paper for over 60 items, and trade in both value and volume for these items from the UNECE region of Europe, the Commonwealth of Independent States and North America in the last five years. The website.

BUILDING RESILIENCE: A HUMAN RIGHTS FRAMEWORK FOR WORLD FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY
(Human Rights Council, 2008)

This report follows the May 2008 request of the Human Rights Council for the Special Rapporteur to invite comments from States and other relevant actors on the impact of the global food crisis on the protection of the right to food and the required remedies from a human rights perspective. The report calls on the Human Rights Council to, among other actions: contribute to the discussion of a global partnership for agriculture and food, ensuring that it includes attention to human rights dimensions; encourage national strategies to realize the right to food; and encourage an international consensus on agrofuels that avoids negative impacts on food prices and ensures that their production respects the full range of human rights. The report.

FINANCING SUSTAINABLE FOREST MANAGEMENT
(European Tropical Forest Research Network, September 2008)
Edited by Jani Holopainen and Marieke Wit, this issue of the ETFRN News brings together more than 35 articles on a variety of current policy and implementation initiatives at the international, national and local levels in this field, as well as views and experiences from experts and case studies of financial mechanisms for sustainable forest management. The paper.

 

ON-SITE AND OFF-SITE LONG-TERM ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF SOIL FERTILITY MANAGEMENT PRACTICES: THE CASE OF MAIZE-BASED CROPPING SYSTEMS IN KENYA
(IFPRI, July 2008)
This paper, authored by Ephraim Nkonya, Patrick Gicheru, Johannes Woelcke, Barrack Okoba, Daniel Kilambya and Louis N. Gachimbi, analyzes the on-site and off-site economic impacts of various sustainable land management (SLM) practices in Kenya. Long-term trial data are used to establish the relationship between SLM practices and maize yield. The analysis of on-site effects focuses on the profitability of maize production at the farm level, while the examined off-site effects include carbon sequestration and siltation from maize farms, which increase the cost of potable water production. The major contribution of this study is the use of long-term experimental data to estimate the impacts of land management practices on crop yield and consider their off-site benefits and costs. The paper.

HARMONIZED WORLD SOIL DATABASE
(FAO, July 2008)
The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has developed this new database to improve knowledge of current and future land productivity, as well as the carbon storage and carbon sequestration potential, of the world’s soils. Harmonized World Soil Database.

SEEING PEOPLE THROUGH THE TREES: SCALING UP EFFORTS TO ADVANCE RIGHTS AND ADDRESS POVERTY, CONFLICT AND CLIMATE CHANGE
(Rights and Resources Initiative, July 2008)
This report discusses weaknesses in prior governance structures of past models of forest management, while pointing out gaps and opportunities for the strategic involvement of the international community in addressing global challenges of climate change, poverty and conflict. The report.

FROM EXCLUSION TO OWNERSHIP? CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES IN ADVANCING FOREST TENURE REFORM
(Rights and Resources Initiative, July 2008)

Written by William D. Sunderlin, Jeffrey Hatcher and Megan Liddle, this study aims to measure whether the transition of forest land access and ownership from governments to local people has continued in the last six years. It also assesses the implications of statutory forest tenure change for forest peoples, governments and the global community. The study.

CONTROLLING ILLEGAL LOGGING: USING PUBLIC PROCUREMENT POLICY
(Chatham House, June 2008)

Written by Duncan Brack, this briefing paper provides a summary of how countries are using public procurement policy to create protected markets for legal and sustainable timber. The paper.

 

SAFETY NET: PROTECTED AREAS AND POVERTY REDUCTION
(WWF and Equilibrium, May 2008)
Written by Nigel Dudley et al., this report collects examples where well-planned and managed protected areas have helped to bring new wealth and security into under-privileged societies. The report.

CHALLENGES TO MANAGING ECOSYSTEMS SUSTAINABLY FOR POVERTY ALLEVIATION: SECURING WELL-BEING IN THE ANDES/AMAZON
(Iniciativa Amazônica, WWF, King’s College London, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, The Nature Conservancy, International Center for Tropical Agriculture, May 2008)
As part of the Ecosystem Services and Poverty Alleviation Programme, this report is a “situation analysis” of ecosystem services and poverty in the Amazon basin and the eastern Andean slopes. It focuses on, inter alia, the benefits that local populations derive from using ecosystem services, and options to manage ecosystem provision in ways that also prevent or help to alleviate poverty. The report.

EUROPEAN FORESTS – ECOSYSTEM CONDITIONS AND SUSTAINABLE USE
(European Environment Agency, May 2008)
The report identifies the state, trends and major pressures on the forest ecosystems across Europe and suggests needed actions and capacity-building for sustainable forest management and safeguarding biodiversity. The report.

DEVELOPING LEGAL TOOLS FOR CITIZEN EMPOWERMENT: SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AGREEMENTS IN GHANA’S FORESTRY SECTOR
(International Institute for Environment and Development, May 2008)
Written by Dominic M. Ayine, this paper is about a legal arrangement for enabling forest communities in Ghana to better participate in the benefits generated by timber activities. The paper.

IMPACTS OF THE HUTAN KAMASYARAKATAN SOCIAL FORESTRY PROGRAM IN THE SUMBERJAYA WATERSHED, WEST LAMPUNG DISTRICT OF SUMATRA, INDONESIA
(International Food Policy Research Institute, May 2008)
Written by John Pender, Suyanto, John Kerr and Edward Kato, this paper investigates the impacts of a social forestry program in Hutan Kamasyarakatan, Indonesia, which provided groups of farmers with secure-tenure permits to continue farming on state Protection Forest land, in exchange for protecting remaining natural forestland, planting multistrata agroforests, and using recommended soil and water conservation (SWC) measures on their coffee plantations.
The paper.

IMPROVING FOREST GOVERNANCE IN KNUCKLES: DIALOGUE AND DEVELOPMENT FOR BETTER OUTCOMES
(IUCN, May 2008)

Written by Nathan Badenoch, this report examines lessons learned from IUCN’s “Strengthening Voices for Better Choices” project in Sri Lanka. It states that after two years of implementation, there have been marked improvements in local governance. The paper.

FORESTS AND THE BIODIVERSITY CONVENTION
(Global Forest Coalition, 2008)
This report includes the summary of 22 independent monitoring reports on the implementation of the expanded programme of work on forest biodiversity of the CBD, in 22 different countries. The report.

‘IF YOU SAW IT WITH MY EYES’: COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH AND ASSISTANCE WITH CENTRAL AMERICAN FOREST STEWARD COMMUNITIES
(CIFOR, 2008)

Written by Peter Leigh Taylor, Peter Cronkleton, Deborah Barry, Samantha Stone-Jovicich and Marianne Schmink, this paper discusses experiences with innovative participatory research in Guatemala and Nicaragua that aimed to strengthen community capabilities in natural resource management. The paper.

 

LAND REFORM AND RURAL TERRITORIES: EXPERIENCES FROM BRAZIL AND SOUTH AFRICA
(IIED, 2008)

This paper suggests a new approach to land reform and rural development to combat inequitable land distribution and rural poverty. “Rural territorial development” (RTD) is based on and encourages shared territorial identity (distinctive productive, historical, cultural and environmental features) among different stakeholders and social groupings. The paper.

 

REDD OPPORTUNITIES: INTEGRATING SUSTAINABLE FOREST MANAGEMENT APPROACHES
(IUCN, April 2008)

This brochure outlines IUCN’s position on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD). IUCN states that REDD can contribute to the goal of reducing global greenhouse gas emissions if it is based on sustainable forest management and integrated into broader carbon emission reduction strategies.  The brochure.

SOCIAL ISSUES IN TIMBER PROCUREMENT POLICIES
(Chatham House, April 2008)
This draft document analyzes the inclusion of social issues in timber procurement policies, looking at issues that are or could be covered, lessons that can be drawn from experience in other product sectors, and the interaction with international trade rules. The draft document.

SUSTAINABLE PROCUREMENT OF WOOD AND PAPER-BASED PRODUCTS: GUIDE AND RESOURCE KIT     
(World Resources Institute, World Business Council for Sustainable Development, March 2008)

This toolbox helps corporate managers understand and find the best advice on how to purchase forest-based products originating from responsibly managed forests around the world. It addresses forest certification, legality, environmental friendliness, social impacts, and recycled-content percentages, and directs managers to advice on tracing their supply chains and implementing monitoring processes. The guide.

GENERATING CARBON FINANCE THROUGH AVOIDED DEFORESTATION AND ITS POTENTIAL TO CREATE CLIMATIC, CONSERVATION AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT BENEFITS
(Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, February 2008
, Vol. 363, pp. 1917–1924)
In this article, Johannes Ebeling of EcoSecurities and Maï Yasué of the University of British Columbia consider recent proposals to compensate developing countries for reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD) as part of a future climate change mitigation agreement. The authors argue that, if credits for such actions were traded on the carbon market, “even moderate decreases in deforestation could generate billions of Euros annual for tropical forest conservation.” They consider the challenges in establishing a framework for rewarding reduced emissions from deforestation, including issues of “additionality” and going beyond business-as-usual, carbon leakage, and other governance-related issues. The article.

Community forestry in the Amazon: The unsolved challenge of forests and the poor
(ODI, April 2008)

This Overseas Development Institute (ODI) brief, written by Benno Pokorny and James Johnson, analyses community forestry experiences in
Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador and Brazil. The authors argue that considerable external resources are needed to overcome the technical, legal and financial barriers inherent in the current community forestry framework in order to combine forest conservation with rural development and poverty reduction. The brief.

REDUCING DEFORESTATION AND TRADING EMISSIONS: ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS FOR THE POST-KYOTO CARBON MARKET
(Centre for European Economic Research, 2008)
This paper, written by Niels Anger and Jayant Sathaye, quantitatively assesses the economic implications of crediting carbon abatement from reduced deforestation for the emissions market in 2020. The authors find that integrating avoided deforestation in international emissions trading considerably decreases the costs of post-Kyoto climate policy - even when accounting for conventional abatement options of developing countries under the CDM. The paper.

TROPICAL TIMBER MARKET REPORT
(ITTO, April 2008)

The latest issue of the Tropical Timber Market Report of the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO) addresses, inter alia, the challenges created by European governments’ timber procurement policies. The report.

IUFRO NEWS
(IUFRO, March 2008)
This volume of the International Union of Forest Research Organizations’ (IUFRO) newsletter contains a scientific summary of the international conference on “Old Forests, New Management,” held in Hobart, Australia. The newsletter.

PUBLIC PROCUREMENT POLICIES FOR LEGAL AND SUSTAINABLE TIMBER: HOW TO STRENGTHEN JAPAN'S POLICY
(IGES, March 2008)
Policy Brief #7 by the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) includes a comparative analysis between Japan’s public timber procurement policy and those of several European countries. In addition to identifying elements that public timber procurement policies must include to favor legal and sustainable timber, it provides recommendations for further strengthening Japan’s policy on public timber procurement. The policy brief.

SUPPORTING SMALL FOREST ENTERPRISES: A CROSS-SECTORAL REVIEW OF BEST PRACTICE
(IIED, March 2008)

Authored by Duncan Macqueen, this report reviews the growing consensus on best practice in small enterprise support, both within and outside the forest sector. It describes how a framework known as ‘market system development’ unites attempts to: strengthen enterprise associations, facilitate better provision of financial and business development services, and improve the business environment. It concludes with specific recommendations for support to Small and Medium Forest Enterprises (SMFEs). The report.

CLIMATE CHANGE AND FORCED MIGRATION
(UNHCR, 2008)
This research paper, authored by Etienne Piguet and issued by the UN High Commissioner on Refuges (UNHCR), explores what impact climate change is likely to have on migration and provides suggestions on how the international system of protection should respond to these challenges, including by increased international cooperation for collective burden sharing, and by the opening of emigration channels with the recognition of environmental push factors in subsidiary international instruments of protection. The research paper.

CROSS-SECTORAL TOOLKIT FOR THE CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF FOREST BIODIVERSITY
(Convention on Biological Diversity, 2008)
Edited by I. Thompson and T. Christophersen, this technical series publication summarizes information on policy approaches that aim to minimize the negative impacts of other sectoral policies on forests and forest biodiversity. The toolkit.

FOREST CONNECT ONLINE SOCIAL NETWORK
(IIED, FAO)

Forest Connect is a new online network created to share news, tools, tactics and documents to help improve the prospects of small and medium forest enterprises around the world. Membership is free. The network.

SUPPORTING SMALL FOREST ENTERPRISES: A CROSS-SECTORAL REVIEW OF BEST PRACTICE
(IIED, February 2008)
Written by Duncan Macqueen, this report reviews best practices in small enterprise support, within and outside of the forest sector. It describes a framework to strengthen enterprise associations, facilitate better provision of financial and business development services, and improve the business environment. The report.

FOREST GOVERNANCE IN COUNTRIES WITH FEDERAL SYSTEMS OF GOVERNMENT: LESSONS FOR DECENTRALIZATION
(Center for International Forestry Research, January 2008)

Written by Arnoldo Contreras-Hermosilla, Hans M. Gregersen and Andy White, this governance brief examines the experience of twelve federal countries in managing their decentralized systems of forest governance. The authors conclude that, for effective decentralized forest governance, there must be, inter alia, an effective sharing of responsibilities and authority among levels of government, and participation of stakeholders in deciding on needs and benefit sharing from forest conservation and use. The brief.

ARBORVITAE – FOREST CONSERVATION TOOLS
(WWF, IUCN March 2008)

This issue of the Forest Conservation Newsletter, by WWF and IUCN-World Conservation Union, looks at methodologies to aid in forest conservation, such as analytical frameworks for planning or monitoring conservation efforts, and technology-based tools including computer modeling and remote sensing techniques. The newsletter.

UNASYLVA – FORESTS AND WATER
(UN Food and Agriculture Organization, 2007)

The latest issue of this publication of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization focuses on the theme of forests and water. Articles address, inter alia: water pollution filtration by forest ecosystems; forests and water in arid lands; and policies for integrating forests, water and people. The publication.

ADAPTATIONS OF FORESTS TO CLIMATE CHANGE: A MULTIDISCIPLINARY REVIEW
(IUFRO, February 2008)
Written by Chris Eastaugh, this Occasional Paper, published by the International Union of Forest Research Organizations, summarizes existing scientific papers and reports on the topic of adaptation of forests to climate change. It includes a review of the physical science and a discussion of economic and social impacts. The paper.

ILLEGAL LOGGING IN INDONESIA – CAUSES, PROGRESS TO DATE AND FURTHER STEPS
(CIFOR, February 2008)
This opinion piece by Krystof Obidzinski, Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), discusses the underlying structural problems that are driving illegal logging and the movement of illegal timber within and out of Indonesia. He suggests a number of parallel steps that need to be taken to combat this problem. The opinion piece.

A CUT ABOVE: BUILDING THE MARKET FOR FAIR TRADE TIMBER
(IIED February 2007)
Authored by Duncan Macqueen of the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), this opinion piece focuses on timber becoming a fair trade commodity. He notes that the Fair Trade Labelling Organizations and International Forest Stewardship Council are exploring the ways and means through a new partnership, but more is needed. Macqueen suggests that consumers must be made aware of why paying higher prices is key to creating community forest enterprise (CFE) incentives for sustainable forest management and poverty reduction. The paper.

PLANT FOR THE PLANET – THE BILLION TREE CAMPAIGN
(UNEP, 2008)

This booklet introduces some of the stories behind the success of UNEP’s Billion Tree Campaign, conveying the range of partners that has been engaged in the campaign, from children to giant corporations, from women’s groups to technocrats, dancers to diplomats, farmers to national governments. The booklet.

PROTECTED LANDSCAPES AND AGROBIODIVERSITY VALUES
(IUCN, 2008)
Edited by Thora Amend, Jessica Brown, Ashish Kothari, Adrian Phillips and Sue Stolton, this book presents case studies from around the world on the role of protected landscapes in sustaining agricultural biodiversity and related knowledge and practices. The volume is the first in a series on the Values of Protected Landscapes and Seascapes, a project of the IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas Protected Landscapes Task Force in cooperation with several partners. The book.

TROPICAL FOREST UPDATE
(ITTO, 2007)

This special edition of the International Tropical Timber Organization’s newsletter contains the proceedings of the International Conference on Community Forest Management and Enterprises, which convened in Rio Branco, Brazil, from 15-20 July 2007. The newsletter (2007, No. 4).

 

DROUGHT MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS FOR CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION
(Oxfam, 2008)

This study is the result of a three-way collaboration between Oxfam in Viet Nam, the International Environment and Disaster Management (IEDM) laboratory of the Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies (GSGES), Kyoto University, Japan, and the People’s Committee of Ninh Thuan. It considers some aspects of the recent droughts in the Mekong region and tries to discover what could be the reasons behind them and how best they could be mitigated. The study.

 

THE WORLD’S MANGROVES 1980-2005
(FAO, 2007)
Based on national and subnational data sets from 124 countries, this study reports a 20 percent loss of mangrove cover worldwide since 1980, a large part of which is due to large-scale conversion of mangrove areas to aquaculture and tourism infrastructure. The study calls for regular updating of information on the extent and condition of mangroves, to aid policy- and decision-making for the conservation, management and sustainable use of the world’s remaining mangrove ecosystems. The study.

 

PARTICIPATORY FORESTRY IN CENTRAL ASIA AND THE CAUCASUS: CURRENT LEGAL TRENDS AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES

(FAO, 2008)
The UN Food and Agriculture Organization�s (FAO) Legal Paper Online #70, authored by Elisa Morgera, identifies current legal trends in participatory forestry in the Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia) and in Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan). It finds that few countries in the region have already started to fulfill their international obligation under the Aarhus Convention in the forest sector and identifies some avenues for reform. The paper.

 

FORESTS SOURCEBOOK: PRACTICAL GUIDANCE FOR SUSTAINING FORESTS IN DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION
(World Bank, 2007)
This sourcebook is a resource for World Bank clients, task managers and other stakeholders to design and implement projects in line with the Bank�s 2002 Forest Strategy, drawing on experiences from within and outside the Bank. The sourcebook addresses, inter alia, forests for poverty reduction, engaging the private sector in forest sector development, and meeting the growing demand for forest products. The Sourcebook.

WORLD BANK FORESTS STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION MID-TERM REVIEW
(World Bank, 2007)
This Review of Implementation of the World Bank�s 2002 Forests Strategy, written by Arnoldo Contreras-Hermosilla and Markku Simula, examines the progress achieved to date by the World Bank Group in its program of activities related to forests, challenges and options for future action. The Review.

WWF PAPER TOOLBOX
(WWF, December 2007)

The WWF Guide to Buying Paper and Paper Scorecard assess the environmental footprint of numerous paper products, providing useful insights and practical tips on what can be done to minimize the negative environmental and social impacts of paper production. The Guide and The Scorecard.

MADAGASCAR CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT
(Jane Goodall Institute Switzerland and Madagascar Wildlife Conservation, December 2007)
The second volume of this journal contains articles on, inter alia, forest management in Madagascar, logging in Marojejy National Park, and the effects of Cyclone Hudah on the forest of the Masoala Peninsula. Volume 2, Issue 1.

PROCEEDINGS OF THE 5th MINISTERIAL CONFERENCE ON THE PROTECTION OF FORESTS IN EUROPE (MCPFE)
(MCPFE, 2007)

This publication follows-up the
5�7 November 2007 conference in Warsaw, Poland. It
consists of the statement by European countries, the European community and observer organizations and countries. It also includes the Ministerial Declaration and two Warsaw resolutions on climate change, the growing demand for energy from renewable sources and threats to water resources. The proceedings.

Potential and challenges of payments for ecosystem services from tropical forests  
(Overseas Development Institute, December 2007)
This briefing, written by Michael Richards and Michael Jenkins, summarizes current potential and challenges facing the development of payments for ecosystem services as a means of promoting the sustainable management or conservation of tropical forests. The briefing.

Risk and responsibility in Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation
(Overseas Development Institute, December 2007)

This paper, written by Leo Peskett and Zoe Harkin, examines how reduced emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD) transaction mechanisms between buyers and sellers might be established. The paper also examines the implications that risk reduction mechanisms might have for different stakeholders in developing countries. The briefing.

HARAMATA 52 � BULLETIN OF THE DRYLANDS

(IIED, 2007)

Issue 52 of the International Institute for Environment and Development�s (IIED) Haramata includes stories on gender issues in Africa, �Chinatown in Dakar,� the timber trade in Mozambique, and land reform in South Africa. Haramata 52.

CHARCOAL: THE REALITY: A STUDY OF CHARCOAL CONSUMPTION, TRADE AND PRODUCTION IN MALAWI 
(IIED, 2007)

This study by P.S. Kambewa, B.F. Mataya, W.K. Sichinga, T.R. Johnson, for the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), examines the charcoal industry, which is one of the largest in Malawi. This publication looks at ways of producing charcoal to meet market demand in a better manner. The
study.

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recently published documents and online resources,
send a message to
Diego Noguera, IISD

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