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KEY PUBLICATIONS AND ONLINE RESOURCES

FORESTS, DESERTS, LAND

This page was updated on: 01/13/10

 

2007

 

Forests, Deserts, Land Key Publications and Online Resources Archives: 2010; 2009; 2008; 2006; 2005; 2004; 2003; 2002


THE AMAZON’S VICIOUS CYCLES: DROUGHT AND FIRE IN THE GREENHOUSE
(WWF, December 2007)
Written by Daniel Nepstad, this report points to a vicious cycle of climate change and deforestation that could wipe out or severely damage nearly 60% of the Amazon forest by 2030. Nepstad states that ongoing deforestation caused by agriculture and livestock expansion, fire, drought and logging releases carbon into the atmosphere and destabilizes the global climate, which in turn could cause rainfall in the region to decline and result in further forest damage due to drought. The report.

ILLEGAL LOGGING AND RELATED TRADE: MEASURING THE GLOBAL RESPONSE
(Chatham House, December 2007)
Written by Sam Lawson, this report explores a methodology for measuring the extent of activity to combat illegal logging, using indicators for awareness, government and private sector policy development and implementation, and actual levels of illegal logging and trade. The report.

REDUCED EMISSIONS FROM AVOIDED DEFORESTATION AND DEGRADATION (REDD) AND FOREST GOVERNANCE
(Chatham House and ProForest, December 2007)

Written by Jade Saunders and Ruth Nussbaum, this briefing paper outlines governance challenges facing the inclusion of REDD in a post-Kyoto mechanism, suggesting lessons from Forest Law Enforcement and Governance and Related Trade processes. The paper.

TOWARDS WELLBEING IN FOREST COMMUNITIES – A SOURCEBOOK FOR LOCAL GOVERNANCE
(Center for International Forestry Research, 2007)
This sourcebook defines concepts of wellbeing and poverty and provides four tools (interactive mapping, a local wellbeing monitoring system, evaluating local government programs through community focus groups, and scenario-based planning) that will help local governments identify and collect relevant data, address challenges, and implement policies that will have positive impacts on poverty and wellbeing. The sourcebook.

STATE OF EUROPE’S FORESTS – 2007
(Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe, UN Food and Agriculture Organization and UN Economic Commission for Europe, 2007)
This report on the status of sustainable forest management (SFM) in Europe concludes, inter alia, that Europe is moving towards SFM, and that indicators of SFM are working, though a few countries have not given sufficient policy priority to monitoring forests and some possess weak forest sector institutions. The report.

ARBORVITAE – THE IUCN/WWF FOREST CONSERVATION NEWSLETTER
(WWF/IUCN, October 2007)
The latest issue of this newsletter focuses on forests and climate change, including: the role of protected areas; the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility; expectations from the UNFCCC meeting in Bali and beyond; and climate change and forest livelihoods. The newsletter (Issue 34).

FOREST RESOURCES AND RURAL LIVELIHOODS IN THE NORTH-CENTRAL REGIONS OF NAMIBIA
(IIED, 2007)

This paper, authored by James MacGregor, Charles Palmer and Jonathan Barnes, reports on results from a household survey of forest resources use in the north-central regions of Namibia, focusing on the four relatively densely settled rural areas, which also include several small rapidly developing urban nodes. It addresses the policy concern that both poverty and economic development are driving over-utilisation of forest resources. The paper.

IUFRO NEWS
(IUFRO, October 2007)

The latest newsletter of the International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) reports on measures for the inclusion of social and cultural values in forest management, needed conservation actions for the Norway spruce, and multi-scale influences on forest insects. The Newsletter (Vol. 36, Issue 10).

 

MULTILATERAL ENVIRONMENTAL AGREEMENT NEGOTIATOR’S HANDBOOK
(University of Joensuu, 2007)

Environment Canada, the UN Environment Programme and Joensuu University (Finland) produced the second edition of this Handbook. Is contains key technical information and common sense advice for negotiators. The Handbook.

 

SUMMARY REPORT OF THE GLOBAL FORUM ON MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT

(UN, October 2007)

The summary report of the First Meeting of the Global Forum on Migration and Development, held in July 2007 and sponsored by the Government of Belgium, is now available. According to the report, the Forum has established a new approach to migration by bringing the debate closer to development issues; paved the way to a long-term vision recognizing the benefits to origin and destination countries and their shared responsibilities; provided a platform for the exchange of experiences, innovations and good practices; and consolidated a system of focal points across countries to strengthen coherence and better communication. The report (A/C.2/62/2).

 

GLOBAL SURVEY OF EARLY WARNING SYSTEMS

(UN, September 2007)

The Global Survey of Early Warning Systems, issued by the Secretary-General’s Office, recommends the development of a globally comprehensive early warning system, rooted in existing early warning systems and capacities. The report (A/62/340).

DISTINGUISHING COMMUNITY FOREST PRODUCTS IN THE MARKET
(International Institute of Environment and Development, October 2007)

This report of an international workshop (1 October 2007, Edinburgh, UK) on distinguishing community forest products in the market discusses possible system options for a mechanism involving the Forest Stewardship Council and the Fair Trade Labeling Organizations. The report.

CONCLUSIONS OF THE INTERNATIONAL TRAINING WORKSHOP ON GROUNDWATER MODELLING IN ARID AND SEMI ARID AREAS
(UNESCO, 2007)
This publication comprises course materials from the G-WADI Training Workshop on Groundwater Modelling, held from 11-15 June 2007, in Lanzhou, China. The Conclusions.

MOTHER EARTH: WOMEN AND SUSTAINABLE LAND MANAGEMENT
(UNDP, August 2007)

This publication, based on a review of the portfolio of UNDP-GEF projects, provides guidance on mainstreaming gender considerations into sustainable land management and provides examples of women’s participation in new sustainable agricultural practices. The book.

 

FOREST GOVERNANCE LEARNING GROUP UPDATE
(FGLG, September 2007)
This update describes the priorities and impacts of the forest governance learning group (FGLG) over the past year, including developing an influential small forestry enterprise strategy in South Africa, re-orienting debate about charcoal production in Malawi, and advocacy work in Uganda to fight the alienation of forest reserves. The Update.

 

2006 SURVEY ON MONITORING THE PARIS DECLARATION
(OECD, 2007)

This report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) assesses the effectiveness of aid at helping developing countries eradicate poverty. The report presents the results of a survey conducted in 34 developing countries and in 55 donor countries. It points to major areas that must be addressed if countries and donors are to accelerate progress on achieving the Paris Declaration. The overview survey
and country chapters.

AGROFUELS IN AFRICA - THE IMPACTS ON LAND, FOOD AND FORESTS
(African Biodiversity Network, 2007)
This report looks at case studies in Benin, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia, as well as trends elsewhere in Africa. The report indicates that big companies are seeking to convert large areas of Africa’s best land over to biofuel production, even if this means privatising customary land, evicting farmers, raising food prices, competing for water resources, and cutting down forests and conservation areas. The report.

SAVING AFRICA’S SOILS: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FOR IMPROVED SOIL MANAGEMENT IN AFRICA
(World Agroforestry Centre, 2007)
This report, edited by MJ Swift and KD Shepherd, was commissioned by the
NEPAD Office of Science and Technology to to identify specific scientific and technological ways to improve soil fertility and soil management in Africa. It examines the scientific and technological require­ments for redressing these failures and for scaling up the widespread adoption of the use of soil management practices to conquer both the yield gap and environmental damage, and addresses the necessary scientific and technical capacity required to achieve this. The report.

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS FOR IMPROVING SOIL FERTILITY AND MANAGEMENT IN AFRICA: A REPORT FOR THE NEPAD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FORUM
(World Agroforestry Centre, 2007)

This report presents the current state of soil science research in Africa and identifies a way forward. The report.

HEARING A DIFFERENT DRUMMER: A PARADIGM FOR THE "KEEPERS OF THE FOREST"
(IIED, July 2007)

Based on research in the Kham region of south-western China
, this book explores the crisis of extinction facing indigenous knowledge systems, biodiversity and cultural diversity worldwide. It introduces ERA (the endogenous realization of aspirations), to enhance well-being and biocultural diversity by building on local or endogenous ambitions and dreams. The author offers practical methods and policy recommendations for incorporating this approach more widely into development practice within local forest concepts and values. The book.

UNFF NEWSLETTER
(UNFF, April-July 2007)
The latest newsletter from the Secretariat of the UN Forum on Forests (UNFF) addresses, inter alia, the Secretariat’s preparation for the eighth UNFF session, to be held in 2009, the outcomes of the seventh session, which convened earlier this year, and other forest-related meetings that have recently taken place. The Newsletter.

FOREST EUROPE – THE MCPFE NEWSLETTER OF THE LIAISON UNIT WARSAW
(MCPFE, August 2007)

The latest Newsletter of the Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe (MCPFE) addresses the MCPFE’s latest contributions to the upcoming Pan-European Forest Week 2008, continuing work on guidelines for afforestation and reforestation in the context of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, and the EU ad hoc working group on valuation and compensation methods for non-wood forest goods and services, which met in Brussels on 28 June 2007. The Newsletter (July/August 2007).

TROPICAL FOREST UPDATE
(ITTO, August 2007)
The latest edition of this quarterly newsletter from the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO) includes articles on tropical wood markets in the US, model forest experiences in Cameroon, forest rehabilitation in Brazil, and the next ITTO Executive Director Emmanuel Ze Meka’s vision for the organization. The Newseltter (2007 No.2).

COMMUNITY-BASED FOREST ENTERPRISES IN TROPICAL FOREST COUNTRIES: STATUS AND POTENTIAL
(Rights and Resources Initiative, 2007)
Written by Augusta Molnar, Megan Liddle, Carina Bracer, Arvind Khare, Andy White and Justin Bull, this study identifies shared trends for the emergence and development of community forest enterprises in a range of different tropical countries. The study.

ILLEGAL LOGGING
(Chatham House, July 2007)
Written by Duncan Brack, this report reviews the impact and scale of illegal logging and examines the measures taken by consumer countries. The report.

CONTROLLING ILLEGAL LOGGING: LESSONS FROM THE US LACEY ACT
(Chatham House, July 2007)
Written by Duncan Brack, this paper discusses the relevance of lessons learned from the US Lacey Act (an act which makes it illegal to import, sell or possess, fish or wildlife produced illegally in foreign countries) to the current debate in the EU around controlling imports of illegal timber. The paper.

FOREST LAW AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: ADDRESSING CONTEMPORARY CHALLENGES THROUGH LEGAL REFORM
(World Bank, 2007)
Written by Patrice Talla Takoukam, Jonathan M. Lindsay, Charles Di Leva and Lawrence Christy, this study is intended to be a systematic and practical guide to the basic features of modern forestry legislation. The book.

BASELINES AND LEAKAGE IN CARBON MITIGATION FORESTRY PROJECTS
(IES, 2007)

This series of case studies from International Energy Studies (IES) experiment with a range of approaches for setting baselines and estimating leakage in projects in Asia and Latin America. The case studies.

LAND REGISTRATION IN MALI: NO LAND OWNERSHIP FOR FARMERS?

(IIED, 2007)

Dryland Issue Paper 146 addresses registration of land rights in Mali, which is a recurring theme in the debate on land policy in Africa. Several legal mechanisms have been put in place with the aim of making the procedure of registration and land titling more transparent. However, on the ground the process has produced many transformations which raises the question of the efficiency of these procedures. This paper examines the procedures for accessing land ownership through titling and shows its limits. The issue paper (available in French and English). 

 

TREES ARE OUR BACKBONE: INTEGRATING ENVIRONMENT AND LOCAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE TIGRAY REGION OF ETHIOPIA

(IIED, 2007)

Dryland Issue Paper 147 examines the policies and practices of the Ethiopian and Tigray Governments in response to environmental issues in the framework of development, and compares them with endogenous efforts to address these same issues. The paper takes a closer look at some good local practices in environmental management, and extracts lessons that could guide environmental policy and its application in Tigray Region. The issue paper

(available in French and English).

 

EMERGING OR ILLUSORY? COMMUNITY WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT IN TANZANIA

(IIED, 2007)

Dryland Issue Paper 148, authored by Fred Nelson, examines how the highly contested terrain of community wildlife management (CWM) needs to be approached as part of a broader social process of building local rights and access to resources through institutional reforms, rather than as a project-based or technical assistance strategy with short time horizons. It also provides suggestions for how practitioners in Tanzania and elsewhere might foster more effective and adaptive CWM approaches in light of these outcomes and experiences. The issue paper (available in French and English).

 

HARAMATA: BULLETIN OF THE DRYLANDS

(IIED, 2007)

The 51st issue of Haramata looks at the debate on desertification, with four targets for better results. It also considers how East Africa urgently needs a framework for customary law, and reports on how "good governance" can be a bad idea, with an example from Namibia. Haramata 51 (available in French and English).

RUSSIAN LOGS IN CHINA: THE SOFTWOOD COMMODITY CHAIN AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN CHINA
(Forest Trends, Rights and Resources and Beijing Forestry University, 2007)
Written by Song Weiming, Cheng Baodong, Zhang Shengdong and Meng Xianggang, this paper surveys the length of the Russian softwood log commodity chain within China. The paper.

THE ECONOMICS OF ARMENIA’S FOREST INDUSTRY
(Economics and Values Research Center, June 2007)
Written by Manuk Hergnyan, Sevak Hovhannisyan, Sona Grgoryan and Hovik Sayadyan, this study provides a perspective on illegal logging in Armenia and describes how illegal logging is intertwined with the wood processing industry and livelihoods. The
paper.

Re-thinking policies to cope with desertification
(UNU, June 2007)

This report i
ndicates that desertification and degradation of land, caused in large part by climate change, will provoke an environmental crisis of global proportions, massive migration, and political instability in parts of Africa and Central Asia. However, the report also suggests that dry marginal lands can be partly restored and used as carbon traps, helping to absorb emissions from the developed world and also creating a livelihood for the poor. The report.

SUDAN POST-CONFLICT ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT
(UNEP, June 2007)
This assessment report produced by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) argues that environmental degradation is among the root causes of decades of social strife and conflict in Sudan. Investment in environmental management will be a vital part of the peace building effort, says the report, noting that the most serious concerns are land degradation, desertification and deforestation. The assessment report.

DESERTIFICATION: ALL ABOUT DESERTIFICATION AND POVERTY
(Willem van Cotthem, 2007)
This blog offers media stories and other resources on desertification. It is assembled by Willem van Cotthem, a Belgian-national who has been involved with the UN Convention to Combat Desertification process for many years, and replaces his “People for Action” network, which provided an email newsletter on desertification news. The blog.

FSC NEWS AND NOTES
(FSC, June 2007)
Volume 5, Issue 4 of the Forest Stewardship Council’s newsletter highlights some of FSC’s activities from around the globe, including current FSC public consultations  and the recent FSC forest management certification for about 2,400 hectares of forestland that the city of Prague owns and manages. The newsletter.

ANNUAL REVIEW AND ASSESSMENT OF THE WORLD TIMBER SITUATION 2006
(ITTO, 2007)
The International Tropical Timber Organization released their annual report providing data and forecasts on production and trade of tropical forest products and the state of tropical forests in ITTO member countries. The report.  

DESERT VOICES
(Panos London, 2007)
This online collection of oral testimonies was
published for World Day to Combat Desertification, 17 June. It highlights desertification’s wide-ranging consequences, from migration in search of employment and increased conflict over resources, to changes in traditions and in women’s roles. The website.

GUIDEBOOK TO MARKETS AND COMMERCIALIZATION OF FORESTRY CDM PROJECTS
(CATIE, 2007)
This guidebook, published by the Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center (CATIE), aims to provide information to project developers on markets and commercialization of Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) from forestry projects, by means of outlining the development stages of a Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) forestry project, the specific characteristics of forestry CERs and the demand for this type of credits. The guidebook.

SUSTAINABLE APPROACHES FOR MOUNTAIN FOREST HARVESTING
(IUFRO, 2007)
The latest in a series of scientific summaries from the International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) focuses on sustainable harvesting of mountain forests, and meeting the demand for wood products while maintaining the forests’ scenic and productive values. Scientific Summary No. 32.

FORESTRY, GOVERNANCE AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT: LESSONS LEARNED FROM A LOGGING BOOM IN SOUTHERN TANZANIA
(TRAFFIC International, 2007)
This report, which was authored by Simon Milledge, Ised Gelvas and Antje Ahrends, states that millions of dollars worth of timber revenue is being lost each year in Tanzania because of poor governance and rampant corruption in the forestry sector. The report.

PROMOTING SUSTAINABLE LAND MANAGEMENT THROUGH TRADE: EXAMINING THE LINKAGES BETWEEN TRADE, LIVELIHOODS AND SUSTAINABLE LAND MANAGEMENT IN DEGRADED AREAS
(ICTSD and GM, 2007)
This paper is the result of desk research and discussions held during the exploratory dialogue on building an enabling environment for increasing investment in sustainable land management (SLM) through market access and trade, held in Geneva in February 2007. The paper identifies: direct and indirect linkages between trade policies and rules, SLM and livelihoods in arid areas, focusing on agricultural trade; the potential of alternative livelihoods to enhance sustainable use of land and natural resources by looking at the case of natural products; and relevant policy instruments, mechanisms and tools for enhancing SLM through trade. The paper.

GLOBAL DESERTIFICATION: BUILDING A SCIENCE FOR DRYLAND DEVELOPMENT

(Science, May 2007)

This article, authored by James F. Reynolds et al., reviews lessons about dryland ecosystems and introduces a new synthetic framework, the Drylands Development Paradigm (DDP), which seeks to address the complexity of desertification and dryland development and identify and synthesize factors that are important to the research, management and policy communities. Access through SciDev.Net’s review of the article.

FOREST LAW ENFORCEMENT, GOVERNANCE AND TRADE: GUIDELINES FOR INDEPENDENT MONITORING
(illegal-logging.info, 2007)
The seventh Briefing Note in the 2007 Series provides a background to the Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) process and addresses guidelines for third party monitoring, and key elements of the International Standard Organization. The briefing note.

ARBORVITAE ISSUE 33
(IUCN and WWF, May 2007)

This IUCN - the World Conservation Union/ WWF Newsletter focuses on Forests and Trade, looking at the current trends in international and domestic forest trade in timber and non-timber forest products and at the impacts of these trends on forest conservation worldwide. The issue.

TREES, POVERTY AND TARGETS: FORESTS AND THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
(IIED, April 2007)
This brief, written by James Mayers, focuses on the need to recognize the value of sustainably managed forests in securing human well-being. It asks where the forests and trees are in the MDGs, and suggests that the eight goals and 18 targets have missed the issue. The author provides evidence on how forest resources contribute to poverty reduction, serving as subsistence safety nets or low income gap fillers. The
brief.

PEOPLE, FORESTS AND TREES IN WEST AND CENTRAL ASIA: OUTLOOK FOR 2020
(FAO, 2007)

Released by the Near East Regional Office of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), this forestry outlook study highlights the low forest cover and high state of degradation of vegetation in the West and Central Asia region. The report points to the need for policy and institutional changes, and regional cooperation to address common issues. The report.


BACKGROUND PAPER ON MEANS OF IMPLEMENTATION
(PROFOR, April 2007)
This paper on means of implementation, written by a team of independent experts (Hosny El-Lakany, Michael Jenkins, and Michael Richards) commissioned by the World Bank’s Program on Forests (PROFOR), serves as background information for discussions at the seventh session of the UN Forum on Forests (UNFF-7). The paper reviews current and emerging financial instruments or “financial architecture” for forestry and discusses the range of financial or incentive instruments that can respond to UNFF objectives. It also discusses the possibility of establishing a Forest Financing Mechanism. The paper.

SMARTWOOD STANDARDS FOR VERIFICATION OF LEGALITY AND ORIGIN
(SmartWood, April 2007)
The Rainforest Alliance Smartwood program has developed drafts of standards to address verification of legal origin and of legal compliance. The consultation drafts are available for review. Verification of legal origin; Verification of legal compliance.

CARVING UP THE CONGO
(Greenpeace, April 2007)
This report argues that international logging companies are causing social chaos and wreaking environmental havoc in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Executive Summary.

STATE OF THE WORLD’S FORESTS 2007
(FAO, 2007)
The FAO’s biennial State of the World’s Forests series offers a global perspective on the forest sector, including its environmental, economic and social dimensions. This edition examines progress towards sustainable forest management. The report.

NATURE-BASED TOURISM – FROM TIMBER PRODUCTION TO NEW PRODUCTS
(IUFRO, 2007)
The latest Scientific Summary from the International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) discusses the increasing importance of social functions of forests, like recreation and tourism, and proposes the establishment of an IUFRO Task Force to evaluate and discuss the current relevance of ecotourism. Scientific Summary No. 30.

ADDITIONAL OPTIONS TO COMBAT ILLEGAL LOGGING
(UK Department for International Development (DFID), 2006)
This document outlines the UK�s response to a web-based consultation opened by the European Commission on the subject of illegally-produced timber finding its way on to European markets. The document outlines a preference for legislation that would make it an offense to place illegally-produced timber on domestic markets. The document.

NATIONAL FOREST PROGRAMMES
(FAO, 2007)
Volume 57/3 of UNASYLVA, an FAO Forestry Department publication, focuses on national forest programmes (NFPs), approaches to planning, programming and implementing forest activities in a country based on a common set of guiding principles. In this latest issue are articles on, inter alia: why NFPs are so important and how FAO supports them; an overview of NFP principles and processes; NFPs and poverty reduction strategies; and examples of how some countries have approached their NFP process. The journal.

FORESTS IN POST-CONFLICT DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO: ANALYSIS OF A PRIORITY AGENDA
(CIFOR, 2007)
In a joint report by the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), the World Bank and others, Debroux et al. analyze the Democratic Republic of the Congo�s Policy Reform Agenda, put in place by the transitional government in anticipation of threats to the country�s forests after years of conflict and mismanagement. The report.

SUSTAINING ECONOMIC GROWTH, RURAL LIVELIHOODS AND ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS: STRATEGIC OPTIONS FOR FOREST ASSISTANCE IN INDONESIA

(World Bank, 2006)
This World Bank report is aimed at helping both the Indonesian private and public sectors and civil society implement sustainable and equitable forest governance and management programs. A major focus of the report is its emphasis on assisting smallholder tree farmers. The report.

Decentralized Governance of Natural Resources

(UNDP Drylands Development Centre, 2006)
This Manual and Guidelines for Practitioners aims to enhance the integration and mainstreaming of decentralized governance of natural resources into UNDP programmes, highlighting the links between governance, poverty alleviation and sustainable development. The text also shares experiences and lessons learned, including examples from different countries in Africa, Asia, Arab States and Latin America that have embarked on the decentralization process. The Manual.

WHERE THE LAND IS GREENER: CASE STUDIES AND ANALYSIS OF SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION INITIATIVES WORLDWIDE
(UNEP, 2007)
This publication describes a wide range of technologies and approaches to soil and water conservation, based on 42 case studies from more than 20 countries around the world. It also provides an overall analysis of the study�s results with policy points for decision makers and donors. The publication.

HIGH CONSERVATION VALUE FORESTS: THE CONCEPT IN THEORY AND PRACTICE
(WWF, 2007)
This new WWF brochure explains the High Conservation Value Forests (HCVF) concept, its strengths and limitations, its applications throughout the world, and ideas for its future evolution. The brochure.

DEVELOPMENT OF THE INDONESIAN TIMBER LEGALITY STANDARD
(Telepak Indonesia, 2007)
Disagreement concerning how to define illegal timber has been identified as a root cause of the problem in Indonesia. This document charts progress made in developing a Timber Legality Standard, from its beginnings in 2002. The document.

BLOCKING LOOPHOLES WITH LAW: WHY FLEGT VPAs REQUIRE NEW EU LEGISLATION

(Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA)/Telapak, 2007)

This briefing paper presents EIA and Telapak's perspective on the EU Forest Law Enforcement and Governance and Associated Trade (FLEGT) Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs) scheme, outlining changes in EU law that they believe are necessary to make this work. The briefing paper.

Landless women, hopeless women? Gender, land and decentralisation in Niger
(Drylands Programme, IIED, October 2006)
This study by Marthe Diarra and Marie Monimart focuses on gender and land decentralization in rural areas of Niger and presents four hypothesis: pressure on land is leading to de-feminization of agriculture; decentralization of land commissions offer equity solutions for women; competition among women increases due to changing modes of production; and lack of non-agriculture economic options for women is leading to the growing feminization of poverty. The authors emphasize that political will of governments and donors is required to ensure that agricultural development is both pro-poor and equitable for men and women. The study.

THE ECONOMICS OF ILLEGAL LOGGING AND ASSOCIATED TRADE
(OECD, 2007)
Written by Arnoldo Contreras-Hermosilla, Richard Doornbosch and Michael Lodge, this paper outlines the nature, magnitude and consequences of illegal logging in forest-rich producer countries, and programmes on both the supply and demand side being implemented to reduce this problem. The paper.

FORESTS AND HUMAN HEALTH
(FAO, 2006)
Volume 57/2 of UNASYLVA, an FAO Forestry Department publication, focuses on the links between forests and human health, with articles on inter alia: forests and emerging infectious diseases; the role of forests in the response to HIV and AIDS in Southern Africa; identifying forest-plant-based treatments for malaria; and forest biodiversity, nutrition and population health in market-oriented food systems. The journal.

THE WORLD MIGRATION MAP DATA TOOL
(The Migration Information Source, 2006)
This web site allows the user to search for the origins and destinations of migrants to and from various countries in the world. The data tool.

SCIENTIFIC FACTS ON DESERTIFICATION
(GreenFacts, 2006)
This website offers a summary of the Desertification Synthesis Report prepared by the 2005 Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. It seeks to make the information in this scientific report understandable to a non-scientific audience. The website.     

FAIR TRADE TIMBER: A REVIEW OF CURRENT PRACTICE, INSTITUTIONAL STRUCTURES AND POSSIBLE WAYS FORWARD
(IIED, 2006)
This report, authored by Duncan Macqueen, Annie Dufey and Bindi Patel, outlines some of the options for building on the momentum of fair trade as an instrument for enhancing forest-dependent livelihoods and reducing poverty by increasing local returns from responsible forestry. The report.

POVERTY REDUCTION THROUGH COMMERCIAL FORESTRY: WHAT EVIDENCE? WHAT PROSPECTS?
(The Forests Dialogue, 2006)

This paper, authored by James Mayers, reviews the evidence on commercial forestry�s ability to reduce poverty, and identifies factors that can enhance this ability and challenges ahead for commercial forestry to be more pro-poor.
The paper
.

FINANCIAL INFORMATION ENGINE ON LAND DEGRADATION (FIELD)
(Global Mechanism, 2007)
The Global Mechanism of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification has released an updated and enhanced version of its Financial Information Engine on Land Degradation (FIELD), a knowledge management system for searching, sharing and harnessing information related to sustainable land management financing. The portal.

If you would like to submit details of
recently published documents and online resources,
send a message to
Diego Noguera, IISD

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