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KEY PUBLICATIONS AND ONLINE RESOURCES

WATER, OCEANS AND WETLANDS

This page was updated on: 01/12/10

 

2007

 

Water, Oceans and Wetlands Key Publications and Online Resources Archives: 2010; 2009; 2008; 2006; 2005; 2004; 2003; 2002

 

BLUEFIN WITNESS - THE BLUEFIN TUNA DOSSIER
(WWF, November 2007)
This dossier draws on testimonies and other sources of information – ranging from fishermen to restaurateurs, media to field contacts, scientists to tuna farmers – on the state of the Mediterranean bluefin tuna fisheries. The Dossier.

OVERVIEW OF THE CONSERVATION STATUS OF CARTILAGINOUS FISHES IN THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA
(IUCN-The World Conservation Union, 2007)
This report, released by the IUCN Shark Specialist Group and the IUCN Centre for Mediterranean Cooperation, shows that the Mediterranean has the highest percentage of threatened sharks and rays in the world. The report also identifies habitat degradation, recreational fisheries, and other human disturbances as significant threats to the sharks and rays of the region. The report.

2007 WORLD WATER WEEK SYNTHESIS REPORT
(SIWI, 2007)
This resource is the synthesis report of 2007 World Water Week, which took place in Stockholm, Sweden, from 12-18 August 2007, around the theme “Striving for Sustainability in a Changing World.” The report synthesizes the issues, ideas and viewpoints addressed during the week and is intended to contribute to the 2008 UN Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) review of the first implementation cycle (2004/2005) of the CSD multi-year programme of work, focused on the themes of water, sanitation, and human settlements, which resulted from CSD 13. The report.

FAIR DEALS FOR WATER SHED SERVICES IN INDIA
(IIED, 2007)

This report shares field experience and lessons in developing incentive-based mechanisms for watershed protection services and improved livelihoods at micro- and macro-scales at three locations in Himachal Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. Process, progress and problems in the sites and the initial findings are presented. The report.

HALF FULL OR HALF EMPTY?
(UNEP FI, October 2007)
This study, compiled by the UN Environment Programme Finance Initiative (UNEP FI) Water and Finance Work Stream, aims to provide lenders and investors with practical guidance on how to identify, assess and integrate water-related risks into existing due-diligence procedures within different industries. The study also gives an overview of emerging opportunities in the water/sanitation sector for financial institutions. The study.

MULTILATERAL ENVIRONMENTAL AGREEMENT NEGOTIATOR’S HANDBOOK
(University of Joensuu, 2007)

Environment Canada, the UN Environment Programme and Joensuu University (Finland) produced the second edition of this Handbook. Is contains key technical information and common sense advice for negotiators. The handbook.

CLEANER, GREENER COTTON: IMPACTS AND BETTER MANAGEMENT PRACTICES(WWF, 2007)
This report shows how WWF is working to address the key environmental and social issues associated with cotton farming, focusing on making cotton more sustainable, which in turn, helps keep the environment it depends on healthy. The report.

 

OUR WATERS: JOINING HANDS ACROSS BORDERS - FIRST ASSESSMENT OF TRANSBOUNDARY RIVERS, LAKES AND GROUNDWATERS IN THE UNECE REGION

(UNECE, 2007)

This publication offers in-depth information on all major surface water bodies in the European and Asian parts of the UNECE region and transboundary aquifers located in South-Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia. It describes the hydrological regime of these water bodies, pressure factors in their basins, their status and transboundary impact, as well as trends, future developments and envisaged management measures. The assessment.

 

REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL ON OCEANS AND THE LAW OF THE SEA
(UN, 2007)
This report provides an overview of developments relating to the implementation of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea and the work of the Organization, its specialized agencies and other institutions in the field of ocean affairs and the law of the sea since the preparation of the main report in February 2007. The report (A/62/66/Add.1).


REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL ON SUSTAINABLE FISHERIES
(UN, 2007)
This report of the Secretary-General on sustainable fisheries, including through the 1995 Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks, and related instruments, contains information on steps and initiatives taken or recommended by the international community to improve the conservation and management of fishery resources and other marine living resources with a view to achieving sustainable fisheries and protecting marine ecosystems and biodiversity. The report (A/62/260).

 

EU WATER SAVING POTENTIAL

(Ecologic, 2007)
This study analyzes Europe’s water saving potential to 2030 and seeks to support the impact assessment of the EU’s Communication on Water Scarcity and Droughts (July 2007). The study addresses the savings that can be achieved via technical measures without major changes in human behaviour or production patterns. Depending on the sector analyzed, including agriculture, tourism, households, energy and industry, the study identifies potential water savings up to 90%. The study.

GUIDELINES FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE NATURA 2000 NETWORK IN THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT
(EC, 2007)
These European Commission (EC) guidelines deal with the implementation of its goal of establishing a Europe-wide network of conservation areas (the Natura 2000 network) in inshore and offshore marine environments. The guidelines include best practices on site selection and management issues, as well as case examples of implementation. The Guidelines.

MARINE PROTECTED AREAS AS A TOOL FOR FISHERIES MANAGEMENT WEBSITE
(FAO, 2007)
This UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) website offers guidance on Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) as a fisheries management tool and is part of the organization’s project to increase knowledge on the contribution of MPAs to fisheries management. One section of the website presents guidelines being prepared by FAO on the design, implementation, and testing of MPAs as a fisheries management tool. The Website.

CONCLUSIONS OF THE INTERNATIONAL TRAINING WORKSHOP ON GROUNDWATER MODELLING IN ARID AND SEMI ARID AREAS
(UNESCO, 2007)
This publication comprises course materials from the G-WADI Training Workshop on Groundwater Modelling, held from 11-15 June 2007, in Lanzhou, China. The Conclusions.

TREATED AS TRASH
(Oceana, 2007)
This report was developed following Oceana’s year-long investigation into EU shark fisheries and trade around the world. Oceana is an international organization dedicated to marine conservation and protection. The report highlights the levels of shark by-catches and discards in EU fisheries, and stresses the need to eliminate shark discards and reduce shark by-catches through effective management measures. The Report.


IMPROVING PENAEUS MONODON HATCHERY PRACTICES

(FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. No. 446, 2007)
This document reviews the current state of the Indian shrimp hatchery industry and provides detailed guidance and protocols for improving the productivity, health management, biosecurity and sustainability of the sector. Following a brief review of shrimp hatchery development in India, the major requirements for hatchery production are discussed under the headings: infrastructure, facility maintenance, inlet water quality and treatment, wastewater treatment, biosecurity, standard operating procedures (SOPS), the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) approach, chemical use during the hatchery production process, and health assessment. The
Technical Paper.

 

MORE RICE WITH LESS WATER – SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION
(WWF, 2007)

This report highlights the relationship between rice, food security and water scarcity, and examines the contribution that the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) can make to address various challenges. According to this study, this new method to grow rice could save hundreds of billions of cubic meters of water while increasing food security. The report.

ESTABLISHING MARINE PROTECTED AREA NETWORKS
(
World Commission on Protected Areas/IUCN, 2007)
This report seeks to improve the understanding of the requirements for building successful MPA networks and to guide the entities involved in building the capacity they need to deliver such networks. The report.

REGIONAL DECLINE OF CORAL COVER IN THE INDO-PACIFIC: TIMING, EXTENT AND SUBREGIONAL COMPARISONS
(PLoS ONE, August 2007)
This article, authored by John Bruno and Elizabeth Selig, presents the results of the authors’ compilation of more than 6,000 independent surveys spanning four decades. The authors found that more than 3,000 square kilometers of living coral reef have been lost each year since 1997. The annual rate of coral cover loss across the region is 2%, or nearly five times the pace of rainforest loss worldwide. The Article.

A QUICK GUIDE TO CONDUCTING MARINE ECOLOGICAL GAP ASSESSMENTS
(The Nature Conservancy, 2007)

This report offers advice on analyzing gaps in conservation coverage for use in planning marine protected area (MPA) networks. Featuring brief case studies from four nations (Ecuador, Grenada, Jamaica, and Palau) and best practices learned to date, the guide serves as an introduction and overview to ecological gap analyses. The report.

REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL ON SUSTAINABLE FISHERIES
(UN, 2007)
The UN has published the “Advanced and Unedited Report of the Secretary-General on Sustainable Fisheries, including Through the 1995 Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 Relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks, and Related Instruments (A/62/50). This report contains information on steps and initiatives taken or recommended by the international community to improve the conservation and management of fishery resources and other marine living resources with a view to achieving sustainable fisheries and protecting marine ecosystems and biodiversity. It is based on information provided by, inter alia: status; relevant specialized agencies; subregional and regional organizations and arrangements for the conservation and management of straddling fish stocks and highly migratory fish stocks; and relevant intergovernmental bodies and non-governmental organizations. The report emphasizes the importance of the full implementation by States of international fisheries conservation instruments as well as cooperation among States. The report also contains information on the status and activities of the UN Fish Stocks Agreement Assistance Fund. The Report.

ADVANCE AND UNEDITED ADDENDUM TO THE REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL ON OCEANS AND THE LAW OF THE SEA
(UN, 2007, Document # A/62/66/Add.1)
This addendum to the report of the Secretary-General provides an updated overview of developments relating to the implementation of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea and the work of the Organization, its specialized agencies and other institutions in the field of ocean affairs and the law of the sea since the preparation of the main report in February 2007. The report contains information on, inter alia: the developments relating to international shipping activities; maritime security and science; the conservation and management of marine living resources; marine biological diversity; the protection and preservation of the marine environment and sustainable development; climate change; international cooperation and coordination; and the capacity-building activities of the Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea. The Report.

PLANNING FOR DRINKING WATER AND SANITATION IN PERI-URBAN AREAS
(Swedish Water House, Report nº21, 2007)
In this report, the Swedish Water House addresses the human health and development crisis by creating a framework for the sustainable planning of water and sanitation infrastructure in the developing world. The
Report.
 
AGRICULTURE, WATER AND ECOSYSTEMS
(Swedish Water House Policy Brief Nr. 6. SIWI, 2007) In this Policy Brief, the Swedish Water House, the Stockholm Resilience Centre and the International Water Management Institute suggest concrete management plans to stretch water resources in order to nourish both the world's ecosystems and food supplies. By 2050, it suggests that double the current amount of food will be needed to feed the global population. In the future, the water required for food and water needed to keep ecosystems healthy must be balanced carefully. The
Policy Brief.

ON THE VERGE OF A NEW WATER SCARCITY: A CALL FOR GOOD GOVERNANCE AND HUMAN INGENUITY
(Swedish Water House Policy Brief. SIWI, 2007)
This Policy Brief updates the global water scarcity debate. According to the UN, 20% of the world’s population in 30 countries faces water shortages and by 2025 the numbers will be 30% and 50 countries. The SIWI policy brief says a clear distinction must be made between “apparent” scarcity, where there is plenty of water, albeit inefficiently and wastefully used, and “real” scarcity due to lack of rain. The distinctions are important because they imply different responses by government. The authors of the Brief offer a set of distinctions and conclude with structured policy suggestions. The
Policy Brief.

FAIR DEALS FOR WATERSHED SERVICES IN THE CARIBBEAN
(IIED, 2007)
This report, by Sarah McIntosh and Nicole Leotaud, describes an action-learning project led by the Caribbean Natural Resources Institute (CANARI) that strengthened the capacity of national and regional institutions to assess the potential of economic instruments to improve the quality and delivery of watershed services in the Caribbean. It focuses on projects and cases in Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Grenada, Trinidad and Tobago, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, while drawing on wider regional and international lessons. The report.

FAIR DEALS FOR WATERSHED SERVICES IN INDONESIA
(IIED, 2007)

This report, by Munawir and Sonja Vermeulen, describes action research in Indonesia to take forward local environmental service payment initiatives at two sites, Brantas and Cidanau, and to spread learning more widely among interested people across the country. Indonesia faces growing problems with water, including floods, low dry-season flows, sedimentation, contamination from run-off, and rising demand among competing end-users. The report.

GLOBAL WATER TOOL
(WBCSD, 2007)
The World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) launched this tool during World Water Week. This free tool permits companies and organizations to map their water use and assess risks relative to their global operations and supply chains. The tool.

CLIMATIC AND ANTHROPOGENIC IMPACTS ON THE VARIABILITY OF WATER RESOURCES
(UNESCO-IHP, Technical Documents in Hydrology No. 80. 2007)
This publication comprises the proceedings of the international seminar on “Climatic and anthropogenic impacts on the variability of water resources” held on 22-24 November 2005, in Montpellier, France. The seminar was organized in the framework of the UNESCO-IHP FRIEND (Flow Regimes from International Experimental and Network Data) programme. The FRIEND programme is an international collaborative study intended to develop, through the mutual exchange of data, knowledge and techniques at a regional level, a better understanding of hydrological variability and similarity across time and space. The publication.

WETLANDS, POVERTY REDUCTION AND SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT
(Wetland International, 2007)
Tourism is a principal source of income for 83% of developing countries; wetlands like coasts, rivers and lakes play a vital part in this success. The development of tourism is increasingly considered as a solution to poverty in wetland areas, but there are threats as well as opportunities. This brochure, launched by Wetlands International in cooperation with IUCN Netherlands Committee (IUCN NL), the Dutch development organization Cordaid, the travel organization TUI Nederland, the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention, and the Tourism & Environment Group of the Wageningen University and Research Centre, addresses these issues. The Brochure.

PIPEDREAMS: RIVER BASIN TRANSFERS THREATEN WORLD’S MOST VITAL RESOURCE

(WWF, June 2007)

This report shows that massive engineering schemes to divert and even reverse the flow of rivers undermine entire ecosystems and can damage the livelihoods of the very poor. It explores schemes completed in Australia, South Africa and Spain and others proposed in Brazil, China, Greece and Peru. Almost all cases share common flaws: cost overruns; insufficient transparency; irreversible damage to rivers; lack of stakeholder consultation; displacement of communities; planned benefits falling short; and a lack of exploration of alternative sustainable options. The report.

 

MAKING WATER: DESALINATION – OPTION OR DISTRACTION FOR A THIRSTY WORLD?
(WWF, June 2007)
This review shows that some of the driest and thirstiest places are turning to desalination. These include regions where water problems affect large, populous areas - Australia, the Middle East, Spain, the UK and US, with India and China following suit. Impacts of desalination include brine build-up, increased greenhouse gas emissions, destruction of prized coastal areas and reduced emphasis on conservation of rivers and wetlands. The review argues that sustainable sources of water start with protecting natural assets such as rivers, floodplains and wetlands, which purify and provide water as well as protect against extreme events. The Review.


SMART INVESTMENTS IN THE FISHING SECTOR

(WWF, June 2007)
This guide illustrates how the newly adopted European Fisheries Fund (EFF) could be used to protect the marine environment and promote sustainable fisheries. With concrete project examples, it aims to inspire stakeholders eligible for EFF funding as well as officials who design programmes for EFF support. The guide.

HUNTED FOR FINS              
(Oceana, 2007)
This scientific report documents the little-known European shark fisheries. It reveals that sharks are targeted species hunted by European pelagic longline vessels for their valuable fins. The report concludes that these species, targeted in directed fisheries, must be managed under a European fisheries management plan that would allow for their sustainable exploitation and stop the current depletion of pelagic sharks in the world’s oceans. The report

FAIR DEALS FOR WATERSHED SERVICES IN BOLIVIA
(IIED, 2007)

This report, authored by Maria Teresa Vargas and Nigel Asquith, focuses on Bolivia, one of the countries with the most water per capita in the world and where demand is about 1% of supply, but localized water scarcity continues to breed conflicts. This report assesses whether market tools can improve watershed management and the livelihoods of watershed residents. It describes the studies commissioned as part of the analysis, what they were intended to assess, and their findings. This is the first in a series on watershed services in different countries. The
report..

UNDP-GEF INTERNATIONAL WATERS PROGRAMME – DELIVERING RESULTS
(UNDP-GEF, June 2007)
This publication highlights the results delivered to date by the UN Development Programme-Global Environment Facility’s (UNDP-GEF) International Waters programme, which for 15 years has assisted over 100 countries to identify, prioritize and address key transboundary environmental and water resources issues. The publication includes cases on development and implementation of river and lake action plans and water management projects. The publication.

PACIFIC ISLANDS MARINE PROTECTED AREAS COMMUNITY WEBSITE
(PIMPAC, 2007)
The Pacific Islands Marine Protected Areas Community (PIMPAC) is a programme designed to help participants bridge that geographic gap, including through regional workshops, staff exchanges and a forthcoming newsletter and listserv. Coordinated by the Micronesia Conservation Trust and the (US) National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, PIMPAC serves the Freely Associated States of the Pacific, US Pacific Islands, and Fiji. Project website.

GUIDELINES FOR APPLYING THE PRECAUTIONARY PRINCIPLE TO BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION AND NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
(IUCN, May 2007)
The governing body of the IUCN has approved guidelines for applying the precautionary principle in conservation and natural resource management. The guidelines are based on a prior set of recommendations produced by an international initiative in 2005. The Guidelines.

WCPA – MARINE PLAN OF ACTION
(IUCN, WCPA, 2007)
This plan of action for building representative networks of MPAs in waters outside national jurisdictions has been released by the High Seas MPA Task Force of the World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA). The plan outlines key issues and establishes targets, including designation of five pilot MPAs on the high seas by 2008 and MPAs in five ocean basins by 2010. The plan of action.

BALANCING DEVELOPMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION AND PROTECTION OF THE WATER RESOURCE BASE – THE “GREENING” OF WATER LAWS
(FAO Legal Paper Online #66; June 2007)
This Legal Paper, authored by Stefano Burchi, explores and illustrates mechanisms used in contemporary water resource laws to balance the goals of development with those of environmental protection and conservation. The author compares the legislation of selected countries to illustrate the “greening” of water laws. The Legal Paper.

OUR SEAS: WHY CLIMATE CHANGE MATTERS
(WWF, June 2007)
This brief note presents the top issues in relation to climate change and marine ecosystems. Climate change is affecting nearly every aspect of the marine ecosystems, from the very water itself to every type of biodiversity; this impact will continue and magnify over the coming decades and centuries. The note also stresses that marine wildlife is degraded by fishing, bycatch, habitat destruction, pollution and invasive species. The note.

WHALES IN HOT WATER – THE IMPACT OF A CHANGING CLIMATE ON WHALES, DOLPHINS AND PORPOISES
(WWF and Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society, May 2007)
This report highlights the growing impacts of climate change on cetaceans, currently greatest in the Arctic and the Antarctic. Climate change impacts range from changes in sea temperature and the freshening of the seawater because of melting ice and increased rainfalls, to sea level rise, loss of icy polar habitats and the decline of krill populations – the main source of food for many of the great whales - in key areas. According to the report, cetaceans that rely on polar, icy waters for their habitat and food resources, such as belugas, narwhals and bowhead whales, are likely to be dramatically affected by the reduction of sea ice cover. The report.

REEF RESTORATION CONCEPTS AND GUIDELINES: MAKING SENSIBLE MANAGEMENT CHOICES IN THE FACE OF UNCERTAINTY
(Coral Reef Targeted Research and Capacity Building for Management Program at the University of Queensland, 2007)
This report offers guidance for managers on the restoration of degraded coral reefs, drawing lessons from successes and failures in active restoration projects worldwide. Reef restoration includes indirect measures to remove obstacles to natural recovery, such as reducing human impacts on an affected site, as well as direct interventions like the transplantation of corals. The report offers the caveat that, although restoration can enhance conservation efforts, it is “a poor second” to the preservation of original habitats, highlighting the importance of improved reef area management. The report.

THE WETLANDS FOR THE FUTURE FUND: A PERFORMANCE REVIEW OF THE FIRST TEN YEARS
(Ramsar, 2007)
Since 1996, the Secretariat of the Convention on Wetlands (“Ramsar” Convention), the US Department of State, and the US Fish and Wildlife Service have operated the Wetlands for the Future Fund, which was created to build capacities in the areas of conservation and wise use of wetlands in Latin America and the Caribbean. Ten years after its inception and 225 projects later, the Ramsar Secretariat and the Fund’s sponsors have conducted an assessment of the initiative to better understand its performance and general effectiveness in the achievement of its objectives. The assessment.

ADVANCING ECOSYSTEM-BASED MANAGEMENT: A DECISION SUPPORT TOOLKIT FOR MARINE MANAGERS
(The Nature Conservancy, 2007)
The Nature Conservancy and partners at NOAA, the Sea Around Us Project, and the University of Queensland have released this new toolkit, which provides guidance to managers and ecosystem-based management (EBM) practitioners for jointly addressing multiple objectives in biodiversity conservation, fishery production, and coastal hazard mitigation. It uses a number of EBM tools, including Ecoregional Assessments, MARXAN, Ecopath with Ecosim, and the Community Vulnerability and Assessment Tool. The toolkit.

WILLINGNESS-TO-PAY AND DESIGN OF WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION PROJECTS: A CASE STUDY
(Asian Development Bank, 2007)
In water supply and sanitation projects (WSS), Willingness-To-Pay (WTP) surveys are often used to assess demand and estimate project benefits. This paper demonstrates the usefulness of WTP studies in designing WSS projects by drawing from a case study on designing a public–private partnership for WSS in two service areas in Sri Lanka. The case study.

CLOSING THE GENDER GAP: PUNJAB WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION PROJECT
(Asian Development Bank, 2007)
This good practice paper looks at how the Asian Development Bank’s Punjab Water Supply and Sanitation Sector project developed female beneficiaries into change agents. It summarizes the planning, design, and implementation of the project’s gender-specific components that not only improved water access for Punjabi women, but also improved their quality of life. The paper.

SUSTAINABLE USE OF WATER RESOURCES IN COASTAL AREAS
(European Commission DG ENV, April 2007)
A recent paper by Spanish researchers illustrates how an inappropriately planned coastal development can increase water consumption to unsustainable levels. The results highlight the importance of focusing on the environmental impacts of resource use to achieve sustainable development. Summary and link to the paper.

ESTABLISHING NETWORKS OF MARINE PROTECTED AREAS: MAKING IT HAPPEN

(IUCN, 2007)

This guide is published by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), in collaboration with the IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA), the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, the World Wildlife Fund – Australia, and The Nature Conservancy. Inspired by discussions from a several international forums, this publication captures current international best practices in developing Marine Protected Areas networks. The World Summit on Sustainable Development, the IUCN WCPA, the Convention on Biological Diversity, and the G8 have called for establishing a global system of MPA networks by the year 2012. The publication.

ON THE BRINK - MEDITERRANEAN BLUEFIN TUNA: THE CONSEQUENCES OF COLLAPSE
 
(WWF, 2007)
WWF’s new briefing shows that the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas, the body charged with managing the fishery, has allowed the quota for 2007 to increase in defiance of its own scientists. It also warns of the danger of removing a top predator from the ocean with unknown and potentially catastrophic impacts and outlines the financial incentives driving the additional illegal catch. The
briefing.

PAY – ESTABLISHING PAYMENTS FOR WATERSHED SERVICES

(IUCN-The World Conservation Union, 2006)

IUCN launched this report on World Water Day, 22 March 2007. It sets out how water market and incentive schemes should be designed to maintain water resources, providing examples of systems already in place. The report.

 

WATER QUALITY OUTLOOK
(Global Environment Monitoring System/Water Programme of the UN Environment Programme, 2007)
This report was launched on World Water Day 2007. It provides a snapshot of key water quality issues as they relate to achieving the Millennium Development Goals on water, sanitation and biodiversity. It notes that there are significant emerging threats to water quality, ranging from climate change to invasive species, and from waterborne pathogens to chemical contaminants. Targeted at decision-makers and water practitioners, the report also calls on governments to share the responsibility for keeping the global and regional water environment under review. The report.
 

WORLD'S TOP 10 RIVERS AT RISK

(WWF, March 2007)
This report lists the top ten rivers that are dying as a result of climate change, pollution and dams. The rivers are: the Yangtze, Mekong, Salween, Ganges and Indus in Asia; Europe’s Danube; the Americas’ La Plata and Rio Grande-Rio Bravo; Africa’s Nile-Lake Victoria; and Australia’s Murray-Darling. The report summarizes the findings of eight global assessments and identifies the threats mentioned with the greatest frequency, namely: water infrastructure such as dams; over-extraction of water; climate change; invasive species; over-fishing; and pollution. The report.

 

THE STATE OF WORLD FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE 2006

(FAO, 2007)

In this report, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) warns that, although the percentage of fish stocks that are depleted or on the verge of depletion has remained steady over the past 15 years, several species fished on the high seas outside the reach of national jurisdictions are in danger of overexploitation. Twenty-five per cent of all fish stocks monitored by the agency are either overexploited, depleted or recovering from depletion. According to the report, more than half of highly migratory oceanic sharks and two-thirds of high-seas fish stocks are either depleted or at high risk of collapse. Of particular concern are “straddling stocks,” or species that frequently navigate between national maritime boundaries and the high seas. The report calls for bolstering the world’s regional fisheries management organizations. The report.


IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON THE EUROPEAN MARINE AND COASTAL ENVIRONMENT

(European Science Foundation, March 2007)

This report is based on a two-year study led by marine ecologist Katja Philippart from the Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, who chairs the European working group on Climate Change Impacts on the European Marine and Coastal Environment. This position paper reveals that European marine species are feeling the effects of global warming. The study provides details about the impact of climate change at a European Seas level – in the Arctic, the Barents Sea, the Nordic Seas, the Baltic, the North Sea, the Northeast Atlantic, in the Celtic-Biscay Shelf, the Iberia upwelling margin, the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea.  It finds that the decline in sea ice cover in the northern Arctic and Barents Seas has triggered the most obvious temperature changes for marine life. The open systems structure of these seas demonstrates how climate changes are causing further northward movement of marine organisms. The position paper.

TRANSBOUNDARY WATER MANAGEMENT AS A REGIONAL PUBLIC GOOD: FINANCING DEVELOPMENT – AN EXAMPLE FROM THE NILE BASIN  
(SIWI, 2007)
This report, published by the Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI) with financial support from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), focuses on public goods in the context of the Nile Basin. It explores public goods as one justification for soft financing, such as grant financing that complements other sources of public and private financing, thus enhancing the financial sustainability of cooperative river-basin management and development projects that provide important public goods. The report finds evidence that investment in water resources management and development holds significant opportunities for economic development in the Nile Basin. The report.

GROUNDWATER RESOURCES SUSTAINABILITY INDICATORS
(UNESCO, 2007, IHP Series on Groundwater No. 14)
The set of groundwater indicators presented in this report is a short list derived from over one hundred conceptual water-related indicators. It is expected that the third United Nations World Water Development Report (WWDR) will use the set of groundwater indicators for comparing and contrasting the groundwater situation around the world. The IHP Series.

HOW IWRM WILL CONTRIBUTE TO ACHIEVING THE MDGS
(Global Water Partnership, Policy Brief 4, 2007)
This brief is part of a series of policy and technical briefs designed to help countries accelerate their efforts to achieve the action target for the preparation of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) and water efficiency strategies and plans set by the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development and reinforced by the 2005 World Summit. The series tackles key issues and potential stumbling blocks and attempts to give countries at the beginning of the process the benefit of lessons learned from those further down the path. The series complements Catalyzing Change: A Handbook for Developing Integrated Water Resources Management and Water Efficiency Strategies. The policy brief.


COPING WITH WATER SCARCITY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: WHAT ROLE FOR AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGIES?

(FAO, 2007)
This background document serves as preparation for the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) e-mail conference entitled "Coping with water scarcity in developing countries: What role for agricultural biotechnologies?” which runs from 5 March until 1 April 2007. The 16-page document gives an overview of the current status and future perspectives regarding water availability and use on Earth as well as a discussion of some major strategies that can be employed to deal with water scarcity. It then looks at the issue of water use in agriculture in more detail and some of the ways in which biotechnology could contribute to this area. The background document.

FROM FLOOD CONTROL TO INTEGRATED WATER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
(RAND Gulf States Policy Institute, 2006)

This paper presents a historical analysis intended to seek insights that might guide current reconstruction efforts in the Gulf of Mexico coastal region of the United States in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. It examines four mid- to late-20th-century cases of severe flooding (including the Dutch province of Zeeland in 1953) to observe whether and how lessons were incorporated into water management, both before and after the disaster. In each of the four cases, the areas involved were subject to record rainfall or storms that overwhelmed the systems that had been designed to cope with these events. The paper.

OUR PRECIOUS COASTS: MARINE POLLUTION, CLIMATE CHANGE AND RESILIENCE OF COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS
(UNEP, 2007)
This report highlights links between sustainability of coastal ecosystems and levels of pollution in a changing climate. The report cites recent research in the Seychelles, where coral reefs that were bleached in the late 1990s by high sea-surface temperatures have generally recovered faster when facing lower levels of pollution, dredging and other human-induced disturbance. The report.

WORLD WATER DAY 2007 BROCHURE
“Coping with Water Scarcity� is the theme for World Water Day 2007 (WWD2007), which will be celebrated on 22 March under the leadership of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). This year�s theme highlights the increasing significance of water scarcity worldwide and the need for increased integration and cooperation to ensure sustainable, efficient and equitable management of scarce water resources, both at international and local levels. The brochure.

SPECIAL EDITION OF THE GPA OUTREACH
(GPA/Stakeholder Forum, February 2007)
The
Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-Based Activities (GPA) Coordination Office released a special edition of the newsletter GPA Outreach, produced for GC-24/GMEF with the Stakeholder Forum. The Special Issue includes information on: the Beijing Declaration; the implementation of the GPA in the global environment context; keys to success with the partnership approach; submissions from stakeholders; and the techniques used at the Second Intergovernmental Review Meeting of the GPA, which took place in Beijing, China, in October 2006, to maximize the focus on concrete action outcomes and meaningful involvement of policy-level officials in discussions with their counterparts. The publication.

THE RAMSAR CONVENTION ON WETLANDS: ASSESSMENT OF INTERNATIONAL DESIGNATIONS WITHIN THE UNITED STATES
(Environmental Law Institute, February 2007)
This article, authored by Royal Gardner and Kim Diana Connolly, presents background on the Ramsar Convention followed by analysis of the results of a thorough survey of the site managers and related people at all of the US�s Ramsar sites, and concludes with recommendations for strengthening Ramsar within the US. The article.

CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES WITHIN THE WATER SECTOR
(Stockholm Water Prize, 2007)
At the 2006 World Water Week in Stockholm, the Stockholm Water Foundation hosted the first-ever Stockholm Water Prize Laureates Seminar. The proceedings, entitled: �Challenges and Opportunities within the Water Sector,� are now available online. The
proceedings.

TRADING AWAY OUR OCEANS, WHY TRADE LIBERALIZATION OF FISHERIES MUST BE ABANDONED
(Greenpeace, January 2007)
This paper aims to show the real and negative conservation and development impacts of trade liberalization in fish and fishery products, which were included in the catch-all scope of the Doha Round�s Non-Agricultural Market Access (NAMA) negotiations. The paper.

ARSENIC IN GROUNDWATER - A WORLD PROBLEM
(The Netherlands� National Committee IHP-HWRP; 2007)

The Netherlands Chapter of the International Association of Hydrogeologists and the Netherlands Hydrological Society organized a one-day symposium with UNESCO�s support on 29 November 2006 in Utrecht, The Netherlands, on the global dimension of arsenic in groundwater and drinking water. The Dutch IHP National Committee just published a report of the symposium and IHP will contribute to the publication of the full proceedings. Symposium report.

WATER QUALITY FOR ECOSYSTEMS AND HUMAN HEALTH
(2006, UNEP Global Environment Monitoring System/Water Programme)

This report
assesses current status and trends in water quality, and offers an introduction to a range of issues of concern in global water quality and approaches to their detection, analysis, and resolution.  The report highlights five key messages: human-driven processes often have the greatest negative impact on water quality, even in remote environments; impaired aquatic ecosystems can lead to impaired human health and socio-economic decline; new threats threaten the health of aquatic ecosystems, including pharmaceuticals and personal care products; successful procedures have been developed for the restoration of aquatic ecosystems, including damage caused by acidification and eutrophication; and baseline monitoring data for aquatic ecosystems is a priority.  The report.

 

FISHING CAPACITY MANAGEMENT IN THE EU POST 2002 COMMON FISHERIES POLICY REFORM

(Institute for European Environmental Policy, December 2006)

This paper, authored by James Brown, analyzes the new EU fleet management system and the European Fisheries Fund, and how they relate to each other. Performance is measured against the International Plan of Action (POA) for the management of fishing capacity. The paper finds that the EU has made the most progress in: establishing a legally binding EU wide capacity management system; assessing its fleets; and taking a phased and prioritized approach. The absence of an EU POA and national POAs is one of the main areas in which the paper suggests the EU falls short. The paper.

SCALING UP MARINE MANAGEMENT: THE ROLE OF MARINE PROTECTED AREAS
(World Bank, 2006)
In this report, the World Bank assesses factors likely to determine marine protected areas� (MPA) success and identifies opportunities for the Bank and its partners to scale up MPA implementation to meet global conservation targets, such as those set at the World Summit on Sustainable Development. The report focuses on how best to capture the potential benefits of MPAs for helping the world�s poor, while addressing the sociocultural and political realities of restricting access to the sea and regulating what has traditionally been considered common property. The report.

THE RAMSAR CONVENTION MANUAL: A GUIDE TO THE CONVENTION ON WETLANDS (RAMSAR, IRAN, 1971), 4th EDITION
(Ramsar, December 2006)
The Ramsar Manual was first prepared in 1994 and has been revised several times to account for subsequent developments. This fourth edition provides a 116-page overview of the Ramsar Convention and describes its history and present structures, the services it provides, the workings of the Conference of the Parties (COP), the Standing Committee, the Scientific and Technical Review Panel, the Secretariat, and relations with other environmental institutions. The Manual also includes: brief descriptions to the guidance documents adopted by the Parties through COP-9 in 2005; a list of all the COP�s Resolutions and Recommendations; and the text of the Convention.
The manual.

URBAN WATER CONFLICTS: AN ANALYSIS OF THE ORIGINS AND NATURE OF WATER-RELATED UNREST AND CONFLICTS IN THE URBAN CONTEXT
(UNESCO/IHP, 2006)
This collection of essays offers a new and systematic effort to survey the controversial aspect of the management and mismanagement of freshwater resources in an urban setting. It addresses and characterizes the conflicts that arise within large human settlements, due to the economic and social implications of access to and the use of basic water services. It also presents case studies from cities on various continents. The publication.

If you would like to submit details of
recently published documents and online resources,
send a message to
Diego Noguera, IISD

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