LINKAGES UPDATE - an e-update of new additions to IISD’s Linkages website - 10 December 2004

ONGOING MEETINGS COVERED BY THE EARTH NEGOTIATIONS BULLETIN



From left: Joke Waller-Hunter, UNFCCC Executive Secretary; Atilio Savino, State Secretary of the Environment, Argentina; Ginés Mario Gonzalez Garcia, COP President, and Richard Kinley, Secretary of the COP


UNFCCC COP-10: 6-17 December 2004, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Development and Adaptation Days at COP: 11-12 December 2004, Buenos Aires
ASB Open Science Meeting on Tropical Forests and Water: 8 December, Bogor, Indonesia
37th Session of the International Tropical Timber Council and Associated Sessions of the Committees:
13-18 December 2004, Yokohama, Japan
 

RECENT MEETINGS COVERED BY IISD REPORTING SERVICES


MONTREAL PROTOCOL MEETING ENDS WITHOUT CONCLUDING DISCUSSIONS ON METHYL BROMIDE
22-26 November | Prague, Czech Republic
Diplomats discussing steps to protect the ozone layer did not conclude discussions on methyl bromide, a pesticide that damages the ozone layer. Parties to the Montreal Protocol have decided to hold an additional “extraordinary” Meeting of the Parties to further discuss the issue. This meeting will take place in mid-2005 in conjunction with the 25th meeting of the Open-ended Working Group. The Earth Negotiations Bulletin report of MOP-16.
 

IPCC DISCUSSES FOURTH ASSESSMENT REPORT
9-11 November 2004 | New Delhi, India
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) met recently to discuss the scope, content and process for its Fourth Assessment Report (AR4), as well as the IPCC’s programme and budget for 2005-8, and election procedures. The Earth Negotiations Bulletin report of IPCC-22.
 

WORKSHOP SPOTLIGHTS ASIA’S RURAL ENERGY NEEDS
24-26 November 2004 | Paro, Bhutan
Policies and actions to expand energy networks in rural parts of the Himalaya-Hindukush region were the focus of a recent workshop organized by the Global Forum on Sustainable Energy. The Sustainable Developmentsreport.


ITPGR Interim Committee meeting

From Left: Kent Nnadozie (CGRFA), Martin Smith (CGRFA), Clive Stannard (CGRFA), Chair Bryan Harvey, Jose Esquinas Alcazar, Secretary of the CGRFA, Mohamed Solh (FAO), and Arturo Martinez (FAO)
 

COMMISSION ON GENETIC RESOURCES CONSIDERS WORK PROGRAMME
8-12 November 2004 | Rome, Italy
A new work programme was one of the main issues on the agenda at a recent meeting of the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (CGRFA), which also marked the twentieth anniversary of the CGRFA. The Earth Negotiations Bulletinreport.

ITPGR INTERIM COMMITTEE MAKES SLOW PROGRESS
15-19 November 2004 | Rome, Italy
The latest session of the Interim Committee for the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGR) has ended without any breakthrough in negotiations. The Earth Negotiations Bulletin report.
 

IUCN CONGRESS APPROVES OVER 110 DECISIONS AIMED AT ADDRESSING CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT CHALLENGES
17-25 November 2004 | Bangkok, Thailand
Hosted in Bangkok, the 3rd IUCN World Conservation Congress took as its theme, “People and Nature – Only One World.” At the conclusion of the Congress, IUCN members approved over 110 resolutions and recommendations aimed at improving the governance, programmes and policies of the Union. The IUCN Congress Bulletin.
 

UNEP IGSP SESSION PRODUCES BALI
STRATEGIC PLAN

2-4 December | Jimbaran-Bali, Indonesia
The third session of UNEP’s High-level Open-ended Intergovernmental Working Group on an Intergovernmental Strategic Plan for Technology Support and Capacity Building concluded with agreement on the “Bali Strategic Plan,” which will be forwarded to the next GC/GMEF session in February 2005 for final adoption. The Earth Negotiations Bulletin coverage.

RECENT KEY MEETINGS


GEF COUNCIL DECIDES ON FURTHER CONSULTATIONS ON
RESOURCE ALLOCATION FRAMEWORK

17-19 November 2004 | Washington, DC
The Global Environment Facility (GEF) Council took decisions on a range of issues at its recent November meeting. The expected decision on the GEF’s resource allocation framework was deferred to the June 2005 Council meeting, where the three motions tabled by Council Members will be negotiated. In this regard, the Secretariat has been requested to facilitate further consultations on the framework in early March 2005. Details.
 

CSD-13 BUREAU DISCUSSES ORGANIZATION OF WORK
16 November 2004 | UNHQ, New York

The Bureau for the thirteenth session of the UN Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD-13) has met to consider a revised draft organization of work for CSD-13 in 2005, and for the Intergovernmental Preparatory Meeting that will precede it. Details.

SEMINAR HIGHLIGHTS BASIC CONSUMPTION AND PRODUCTION NEEDS
15-16 November 2004 | Monterrey, Mexico

Unsustainable production and consumption patterns and basic needs were the key issues on the agenda at the recent UNEP Eighth International High-level Seminar on Sustainable Consumption and Production.
Details.
 

EXPERTS DEVELOP GUIDANCE ON STOCKHOLM CONVENTION BEST PRACTICE
11-16 October 2004 | Tokyo, Japan

Experts on persistent organic pollutants have gathered to work on guidance on best available techniques (BAT) and best environmental practices (BEP) in relation to the Stockholm Convention. Details.
 

U.S. CRITICIZED OVER ARCTIC CLIMATE DEAL
22-24 November 2004 | Reykjavik, Iceland

A meeting on global warming in the Arctic has ended without agreement on the need for firm action as a result of U.S. skepticism, according to critics. Details.

UN PREPARES FOR ‘INTERNATIONAL YEAR OF DESERTS’
16 November 2004 | Washington, DC
Representatives of several UN agencies have gathered to continue planning for the International Year of Deserts and Desertification in 2006. A strategy paper was recently circulated outlining various awareness raising events and tools that could be used in preparing for 2006. Details.
 

AFRICAN WORKSHOP EXAMINES SYNERGIES AMONG RIO CONVENTIONS AND OTHER BIODIVERSITY-RELATED TREATIES
13-17 September 2004 | Gaborone, Botswana

A regional workshop for Africa has placed the issue of synergies between biodiversity-related treaties under the spotlight. Details.

AFRICAN STRATEGY ON DOHA DISCUSSED IN HIGH-LEVEL BRAINSTORMING MEETING
25-26 November 2004 | Tunis, Tunisia
African countries’ approach and negotiating strategies for the ongoing talks on the Doha trade round were the subject of discussions in a recent High-Level Brainstorming meeting held in Tunis. Details.
 

CETACEANS TREATY STATES SET FUTURE PRIORITIES
9-12 November 2004 | Palma de Mallorca, Spain

Parties to a regional treaty that seeks to protect dolphins and whales have agreed on a work programme setting out their priorities for the next three years.
Details.

WIPO COMMITTEE DISCUSSES TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE PROTECTION
1-5 November 2004 | Geneva, Switzerland

Policies and principles to help protect traditional knowledge were the focus of a recent meeting convened by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
Details.
 

EXPERTS ADDRESS LIABILITY ISSUES FOR LIVING MODIFIED ORGANISMS
18-20 October 2004 | Montreal, Canada

A meeting of experts has been held to discuss liabilities in relation to the treatment of living modified organisms (LMOs) under the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. Details.

GLOBAL FORUM SUPPORTS WATER, SANITATION, HYGIENE GOALS
29 November - 3 December | Dakar, Senegal
A major international meeting on water, sanitation and hygiene has ended in calls for more cooperation and the need to achieve the MDGs. Organized by the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council, the first Global Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Forum met under the theme of “Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for all – solutions and actions; local and national.” Details.
 

COUNCIL OF PRESIDENTS EXPRESSES CONCERN OVER GROWING THREAT OF MARGINALIZATION OF UNITED NATIONS
16-18 November 2004 | UNHQ, New York
In a recent meeting of the Council, present and past GA Presidents signed a Communiqué reaffirming the central role of the United Nations in promoting multilateral cooperation and preserving the stability of the international system. Details.

MILLENNIUM+5 SUMMIT


UN PLANS 2005 HIGH-LEVEL REVIEW OF MILLENNIUM SUMMIT
The United Nations General Assembly met recently to discuss arrangements for the 2005 high-level plenary to be held during the 60th session of the General Assembly. Details.


INTERIM REPORT ON YOUTH AND THE MDGS OPEN FOR CONSULTATION
This report begins with an overview of the current extent of youth participation in development policy, and outlines ways in which youth are directly involved with and affected by each MDG. The report.
 

 

 

 

 

 

LINKAGES UPDATE


Linkages Update is our means of keeping you informed of what’s new on IISD Reporting Services' Linkages website. This page is updated on a fortnightly basis, while the website continually posts new information provided by our contributing writers. If you wish to submit relevant materials or subscribe to Linkages Update, e-mail prisna@iisd.org.

Linkages provides updates on:
Recent meetings
Upcoming meetings
Media reports
Key publications, online resource
Comings and goings

Click here for the online version and archives of Linkages Update.
 

COMINGS AND GOINGS


Appointments and departures

HORWITZ JOINS OZONE SECRETARIAT

Paul Horwitz will be joining the Montreal Protocol secretariat as its new Deputy Executive Secretary. Horwitz, who was a US negotiator, will replace outgoing Deputy Michael Graber, who is retiring in at the end of 2004. The new appointment was officially announced during the Sixteenth Meeting of Parties to the Montreal Protocol in late November, when delegates thanked Graber for his many years’ service, and welcomed ozone veteran Horwitz to his new position.


IUCN ELECTS NEW COUNCIL
At the recent 3rd IUCN World Conservation Congress, IUCN – The World Conservation Union elected the following individuals to comprise its new Council:
President:
Mohammed Valli Moosa (South Africa).
Treasurer:
Sven Sandström (Sweden).
Commission Chairs:
Hillary Masundire (Zimbabwe), Commission on Ecosystem Management;
Denise Hamú de la Penha (Brazil), Commission on Education and Communication;
Taghi Farvar (Iran), Commission on Environmental, Economic and Social Policy;
Sheila Abed (Paraguay), Commission on Environmental Law;
Nikita Lapoukhine (Canada), World Commission on Protected Areas; and Holly Dublin (US), Species Survival Commission.

IISDRS SENDS CONDOLENCES UPON PASSING AWAY OF HUTTON ARCHER
IISD Reporting Services sends its condolences to the Archer family and the GEF upon the death of Hutton Archer. A Guyanese communications specialist, Archer was Senior External Relations Coordinator at the GEF. He has also Chief Information Officer with the International Civil Aviation Organization, and worked in communications for UN-HABITAT, CARICOM and Guyana’s Ministry of Information. Archer is remembered for his commitment to communications in the field of environment and sustainable development.

URUGUAYAN JOINS RACE FOR TOP TRADE JOB

Ambassador Carlos Pérez del Castillo has officially joined the race to succeed Supachai Panitchpakdi as Director-General of the World Trade Organization. He joins several others in seeking the post. A successor is to be named by May 2005. More.

Vacancies

UNEP DEWA SEEKS PROGRAMME OFFICER:
UNEP’s Division of Early Warning and Assessment is seeking a Programme Officer for its Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean (ROLAC) in Mexico City. Applications for this P-4 position are due on 16 January 2005.


UNEP SEEKS SENIOR PROGRAMME OFFICER: UNEP is looking to hire a Senior Programme Officer to supervises the Division of Global Environment Facility (DGEF) Climate Change enabling activities portfolio. This P-5 position is based in Nairobi. Applications are due on 10 January 2005.

FAO SEEKS LAND AND WATER DEVELOPMENT ENGINEER: The UN Food and Agriculture Organization is looking for a Land and Water Development Engineer. This is a P-5 position based at FAO headquarters in Rome, Italy. The deadline for applications is 5 January 2005.

UNDP SEEKS GEF REGIONAL COORDINATOR FOR BIODIVERSITY IN EASTERN EUROPE AND CENTRAL ASIA: The candidate will be responsible for the full range of UNDP-GEF biodiversity activities in the Eastern Europe and Central Asia region. Applications for this Bratislava-based position are due on 18 December 2004.

ICTSD POSTS FINANCIAL MANAGER VACANCY: The International Center for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD) is looking to hire a Financial Manager. The application deadline for this Geneva-based position is 15 December 2004.

WETLANDS INTERNATIONAL SEEKS PROJECT MANAGER: Wetlands International is looking for a Project Manager to oversee a global project on wetlands and poverty reduction. The successful applicant will be responsible for contributing to project development and for effective implementation of all components and sub-projects within the global project, as well as for meeting donor requirements of accounting and reporting in a timely and efficient manner. This position is based in Wageningen, Netherlands. The deadline for applications is 14 December 2004.

Click here for
complete postingson appointments, departures and vacancies.
 

MEDIA REPORTS


Sustainable development

PANEL ON THREATS, CHALLENGES AND CHANGE ADDRESSES POVERTY, ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION
On 1 December 2004, the UN Secretary-General’s High-level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change presented their report entitled “A More Secure World: Our Shared Responsibility.” Containing 101 recommendations, the report addresses a range of issues identified by the Panel as being the greatest threats to worldwide security in the twenty-first century, including. The Panel also dedicated a section of its report to the security implications of continued poverty and environmental degradation, focusing on the MDGs, finance, climate change and renewable energy, trade, and HIV/AIDS.

WORLD BANK ACCEPTING PROPOSALS FOR DEVELOPMENT MARKETPLACE 2005
The World Bank’s Development Marketplace (DM) is awarding $3 million to innovative bottom-up development projects that address environmental challenges.

TOURISM BODY DEVELOPS NEW DEFINITION ON SUSTAINABILITY
The World Tourism Organization has revised its definition of sustainable tourism to better reflect the outcome of the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development.

Trade, investment, finance in SD

COMPANIES URGED TO REPORT SOCIAL, ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS
Not enough major companies are reporting properly on the risks and opportunities resulting from environmental and social considerations, according to a new report. In related news, conservation group WWF has criticized power companies for failing to respond to climate change.

ASIAN STATES ANNOUNCE TRADE DEALS
Several new trade negotiations have been announced in Asia, with China, Japan and India all in talks with ASEAN—the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.
 


Chemicals

20TH ANNIVERSARY OF BHOPAL DISASTER REKINDLES DEBATE ON CORPORATE ACCOUNTABILITY, UNDERSCORES HUMAN RIGHTS RESPONSIBILITIES
The 20th anniversary of the Bhopal disaster that occurred in 2 December 1984 was observed by numerous events, including the opening of a free medical clinic in Bhopal, the release of a number of documentaries on Bhopal, vigils at over 40 U.S. colleges and a shareholder resolution calling on Dow to resolve its liabilities

Climate, energy and atmosphere

EU URGED TO LEAD WAY AT COP-10
European politicians have sent a strong message that they want EU negotiators to take a strong line on climate change at a major UN conference taking place this month.

HANSEN SUPPORTS FOCUS ON TRACE GASES
Reducing emissions from trace gases such as methane could be the answer to keeping a lid on global warming, according to veteran climate experts James Hansen and Makiko Sato.

ALARM SOUNDED ON HERITAGE SITE WARMING THREAT
The climate debate has also crossed into discussion on World Heritage sites, with three developing countries calling on the World Heritage Committee to list their sites as being at risk as a result of global warming.


Oceans

ACTION UPDATE: HIGH SEAS BIODIVERSITY PROTECTION
Efforts to ensure international action on protection of deep sea biodiversity in the high seas are gaining momentum.

Biodiversity and wildlife

AGROBIODIVERSITY TRUST ENTERS INTO FORCE
The Global Crop Diversity Trust, an initiative aimed at conserving plant genetic resources vital for food security, entered into force on 21 October 2004.


GM MAIZE, SOY MAKES NEWS
The debate over genetically-modified (GM) crops has continued in recent weeks with the release of a report on GM maize in Mexico, approval of GM maize in Europe, and a decision to allow GM soy in Brazil.

Forests, deserts, land

“GREEN POLICE” TO PROTECT AMAZON
Brazil has opened Latin America’s largest environmental police training camp as part of ongoing efforts to protect the Amazon. In related news, the Brazilian non-governmental organization Imazon released a study in late November containing satellite photos showing that land occupation and deforestation now covers approximately 47 percent of the Amazon.

Human development

UN MARKS HUMAN RIGHTS DAY WITH CALLS FOR EDUCATION
The United Nations family recently commemorated International Human Rights Day recognizing the critical role of human rights education.

KEY REPORTS, PUBLICATIONS AND ONLINE RESOURCES


Sustainable development

IGES LAUNCHES ENVIROSCOPE
The Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) has launched a new website “IGES EnviroScope.” This online platform is developed as a resource on environmental strategy, policy and research, providing detailed and up-to-date information on current environmental and sustainability issues, policy measures in different countries and regions, as well as research output from IGES and other institutions.

AGRICULTURE, FOOD SECURITY, NUTRITION AND THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
(IFPRI 2004) In this essay from the forthcoming IFPRI Annual Report 2003-2004, authors Joachim von Braun, M. S. Swaminathan and Mark W. Rosegrant outline the linkages between agriculture, food and nutrition security, and each of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). They offer suggestions for how these linkages can be reinforced, including through investment in infrastructure such as roads and bridges, to meet the MDG to eradicate extreme hunger and poverty. They also note the need to overcome the obstacle of poor governance, including by “giving voice to poor citizens” and ensuring government accountability. The authors argue that a shift toward decentralization and devolution of decision-making has increased in the rural poor’s participation in decisions on rural development, and believe that “preventing or stopping violent conflict remains a necessary undertaking in many developing countries that hope to stabilize rural areas and improve the lives of their poor citizens.”

INDICATORS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR TOURISM DESTINATIONS
(World Tourism Organization 2004) This guidebook was produced by the World Tourism Organization to help the managers of tourism companies and resorts/destinations, their partners and other stakeholders to make better decisions regarding tourism. The text’s five sections focus on the use of indicators as a central instrument for improved planning and management through: an introduction to the use of indicators; a description of indicator development procedures; and discussions of sustainability issues and indicators in tourism, applications for various destinations, such as coastal zones and mountain destinations, and applications of indicators in tourism planning and management.


GREEN miniATLAS
(World Bank September 2004) The World Bank’s Green miniAtlas draws from the Bank’s Little Green Data Book to provide information on numerous environmental topics, such as agriculture, forestry, biodiversity, energy, emission and pollution, water and sanitation, and protected areas, offering a quick reference guide for monitoring environmental performance across over 200 countries.


Water, wetlands, oceans, coasts

THE WORLD’S WATER: THE BIENNIAL REPORT ON FRESHWATER RESOURCES
(November 2004, Island Press) The World’s Water report – by 2003 MacArthur Fellow recipient Peter Gleick – provides comprehensive and up-to-date information and analysis on freshwater sources as well as on the political, economic, scientific and technological issues associated with them. In this fourth volume, Gleick and his research team focus on the most significant trends worldwide, including how to meet the basic needs of over one billion people without access to clean water, the growing controversy over public versus private water, the role of conservation and efficiency in solving water problems, and concerns about the dramatic growth in bottled water consumption.

UN WORLD WATER DEVELOPMENT REPORT ON CD-ROM
An interactive version of Water for People, Water for Life - The United Nations World Water Development Report is now available on CD-ROM. The most comprehensive assessment of the world’s freshwater resources, this report is based on the collective input of 23 UN agencies and convention secretariats. The global picture it presents is complemented by the presentation of seven pilot case studies of river basins representing different social, economic and environmental settings.


Chemicals

CLOUDS OF INJUSTICE: BHOPAL DISASTER TWENTY YEARS ON
(Amnesty International, December 2004) This report reviews the 20 years following the Bhopal disaster through a human rights lens, focusing on human rights impact of the leak and contamination, accountability of Union Carbide Corporation (UCC), and the role of the Indian government in holding UCC accountable and ensuring adequate compensation and rehabilitation for the victims. The report seeks to illustrate the failure of UCC/Dow and the Indian government in complying with their respective responsibilities and obligations, and to demonstrate the need to establish a human rights framework that can be applied directly to companies.

Biodiversity and wildlife

BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOSAFETY WEBSITE

FAO’s Research and Technology Development Service is involved in a number of activities relating to biotechnology and biosafety, particularly on strengthening the capacities of developing countries. It has recently launched a new website.

INTEGRATION OF BIODIVERSITY CONCERNS IN CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION ACTIVITIES: A TOOLKIT
(German Federal Environmental Agency, September 2004) The objective of this toolkit is to provide practical guidance on designing climate mitigation projects and activities in a way that also benefits biodiversity. It provides an overview of possible climate mitigation activities, and their possible benefits and negative impacts on biodiversity. It also introduces selected instruments that could be applied to the integration of biodiversity aspects in climate change mitigation activities.


INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY WATCH WEBSITE
Intellectual Property Watch is a new website reporting on interests and dynamics that influence the design and implementation of international intellectual property policies.


BIODIVERSITY OFFSETS: VIEWS, EXPERIENCE AND THE BUSINESS CASE
(Insight Investments and IUCN, November 2004) Authored by Kerry ten Kate, Josh Bishop and Ricardo Bayon, this report describes biodiversity offsets as conservation activities intended to compensate for the residual, unavoidable harm to biodiversity caused by development projects. The report explores the potential of biodiversity offsets, and contains a synthesis and interpretation of interviews with 37 individuals from around the world.

USING ECONOMIC INCENTIVES TO CONSERVE CITES-LISTED SPECIES: A SCOPING STUDY ON INDIVIDUAL TRANSFERABLE QUOTAS FOR STURGEON IN THE CASPIAN SEA
(IIED, September 2004) Authored by K. Karousakis, B. Groom and J. MacGregor, this paper explores how individual transferable quota systems can be used as economic incentives in conserving CITES-listed species. It introduces the broad concepts of individual transferable quotas and explores economic incentives design, implementation, enforcement and compliance issues, within the context of the sturgeon population of the Caspian Sea.

BUSHMEAT HUNTING, WILDLIFE DECLINES, AND FISH SUPPLY IN WEST AFRICA
(12 November 2004, Science magazine) According to a study published in Science, declines in fish catches lead directly to increased hunting and consumption of wildlife. By comparing fish catches in Ghana between 1970 and 1998 with mammal populations in six of the country’s nature reserves, researchers from Ghana, Canada, the UK and US found that when fish was plentiful, mammal populations increased. However, when fish was scarce, mammal numbers fell. In addition, sightings of hunters in nature reserves increased in years when fish supplies were low, bushmeat sales in markets increased in months following a drop in fish supply and an increase in fish price, and the link between declines in wildlife and reduced fish supplies was greatest in reserves nearer to the coast.

Human development

WORLD EMPLOYMENT REPORT 2004-05
(ILO, December 2004) Prepared by the International Labour Organisation, this report underscores the linkages between employment, productivity and poverty reduction, urging economic policies targeted at creating decent and productive employment opportunities and a fairer globalization for poverty reduction.
 


Forests, deserts, land

REPORTS TO THE CCD COP/CRIC
(UNCCD, 2004) A number of new reports submitted to the UN Convention to Combat Desertification’s Conference of the Parties (COP) and the Committee for the Review of the Implementation of the Convention (CRIC) are now available on the CCD’s website. The reports detail how affected and developed country Parties, UN organizations and other intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations have carried out their commitments under the Convention, as called for in Article 26 of the Convention.

WEBSITE ON ILLEGAL LOGGING AND THE TRADE IN ILLEGAL TIMBER
(RIIA 2004) The Sustainable Development Programme of the Royal Institute of International Affairs (RIIA) in London, with funding from the UK Department for International Development, has launched a new website designed to act as a central point of information on all aspects of the international debate on illegal logging and the trade in illegal timber. The site links to news stories, documents from research institutes, governments, international institutions and NGOs working on the topic, and briefings on all aspects of national and international efforts to stem illegal forest practices.

Chemicals management

UNEP RELEASES NEW REVIEW ON CHEMICAL RISKS

UNEP’s Division of Technology, Industry and Economics has focused its latest quarterly review, Industry and Environment (April-September 2004), on managing chemical risks. The publication includes articles on global, regional and national risk management programmes. Topics covered include the Rotterdam Convention, the precautionary principle and EU chemicals policy, integrated chemical management in the developing world, the Africa Stockpiles Programme, and international trade in hazardous waste. Authors include representatives from governmental and intergovernmental organizations as well as non-governmental organizations and industry.

Trade, investment, finance in SD

BILATERAL INVESTMENT TREATIES AND DEVELOPMENT POLICY MAKING
(IISD 2004) Authored by Luke Peterson, this paper looks at the impacts of bilateral investment treaties on development-oriented policy making. It assesses the major elements of concern in various formulations of key obligations, and the types of desirable policies they might prevent.

IMPLICATIONS OF THE COTONOU AGREEMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE ACP COUNTRIES AND BEYOND
(IISD 2004) Written by Konrad von Moltke, this paper assesses the Cotonou Partnership Agreement (CPA) – an agreement between the EU and a group of African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries, most of them former colonies, which relies heavily on the benefits of trade liberalization, complemented by EU aid in various forms. The paper considers whether the CPA will promote sustainable development, and what needs to be done to ensure that it does.

A MODEL INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT AGREEMENT FOR THE PROMOTION OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
(IISD 2004) Written by Konrad von Moltke, this paper proposes a model for international investment agreements that explicitly aims to foster sustainable development as opposed to merely focusing on investor rights.

A CAPABILITIES APPROACH TO TRADE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: USING SEN’S CONCEPTION OF DEVELOPMENT TO RE-EXAMINE THE DEBATES
(IISD 2004) Authored by Aaron Cosbey, this paper takes the thinking of Nobel laureate Amartya Sen and uses it to devise a comprehensive new definition of sustainable development. It then asks how trade and trade liberalization might contribute to sustainable development and surveys a web of potential impacts, drawing lessons for civil society, developing countries and the WTO negotiations from the analysis.

PUBLICATIONS LAUNCHED AT THE 3RD IUCN WORLD CONSERVATION CONGRESS


2004 IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES
Produced by the IUCN Species Survival Commission the latest version of the Red List indicates that a total of 15,589 species face extinction. The Global Species Assessment, which is based on and was released in conjunction with the Red List, evaluates the status of the world’s biodiversity. The Assessment includes complete evaluations of amphibians, cycads and conifers, as well as regional case studies. It highlights species that are at greatest risk of extinction and the threats facing them.

THE WORLD DATABASE ON PROTECTED AREA CD-ROM 2005
Managed by UNEP/WCMC in partnership with the World Commission on Protected Areas and the World Database on Protected Areas Consortium, this database contains information on the status, environment and management of individual protected areas.

THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND CONSERVATION – MANAGING NATURE’S WEALTH FOR SOCIETY’S HEALTH

Produced by IIED and edited by Dilys Roe, this book includes chapters on: mainstreaming environment into poverty reduction; conservation and human health; climate change – biodiversity and livelihood impacts; markets for ecosystem services to benefit the poor; reconciling global and local priorities; sustainable landscapes; mainstreaming biodiversity into business; scaling-up community efforts to reach the MDGs; and linking biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction to achieve the MDGs.

SHARING POWER: LEARNING BY DOING IN CO-MANAGEMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES THROUGHOUT THE WORLD

A joint publication by IIED and IUCN/CEESP, this book is designed to support professionals and other citizens who are trying to understand collaborative management regimes and develop and enhance them in practice.

HANDBOOK OF MARKET CREATION FOR BIODIVERSITY: ISSUES IN IMPLEMENTATION

Published by the OECD, this handbook shows how public policy in the form of market creation can be used to internalize biodiversity loss.

SECURING PROTECTED AREAS IN THE FACE OF GLOBAL CHANGE: ISSUES AND STRATEGIES
Prepared by the World Commission on Protected Areas and edited by Charles Barber, Kenton Miller and Melissa Boness, this report reviews patterns of global socio-economic, biophysical and institutional change, and addresses challenges for protected areas managers, and tools and opportunities to overcome them.

IMPORTANT BIRD AREAS IN ASIA

Produced by BirdLife International, this publication provides the first comprehensive inventory of Asia’s important bird areas, revealing that more than half of them have no legal designation or are only partially protected by law.

RED DATA BOOK OF THE MAMMALS OF SOUTH AFRICA: A CONSERVATION ASSESSMENT
Published by the Endangered Wildlife Trust and the CBSG Southern Africa/Conservation Breeding Specialist Group (SSC/IUCN), this publication includes a conservation assessment for every terrestrial and marine mammal in South Africa. Each species is dealt with under 22 headings, including habitat status, threats, trade, population number and trends, and recommendations regarding research and management.

THE URBAN IMPERATIVE – URBAN OUTREACH STRATEGIES FOR PROTECTED AREAS AGENCIES
Edited by Ted Trzyna and published by CIPA for IUCN and the Santa Monica Mountains Conservancy, this publication contains papers discussing the multifaceted interdependence of cities and protected areas and innovative roles for conservation organizations in urban environments.
 

PUBLICATIONS RELATING TO AGRICULTURAL BIODIVERSITY AND THE ITPGR


DIVERSITY ON THE FARM: HOW TRADITIONAL CROPS AROUND THE WORLD HELP TO FEED US ALL, AND WHY WE SHOULD REWARD THE PEOPLE WHO GROW THEM
(Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts, 2004) In this report, Charles Mann discusses community efforts to preserve traditional maize varieties in Mexico, and explores ways to provide just compensation to small-scale farmers for the global environmental services they provide.

LEGAL FACTORS DRIVING AGROBIODIVERSITY LOSS
(Environmental Law Network International 1/2004) This report by Franziska Wolff argues that access restrictions in the form of intellectual property rights and sovereign rights, as well as high performance-oriented regulations of crop and livestock breeding, may have negative impacts on agrobiodiversity.

ACCESS TO GENETIC RESOURCES AND THE SHARING OF BENEFITS – PRIVATE RIGHTS OR SHARED USE FOR BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION?
(Environmental Law International Network Review 2/2004) This report by Corinna Heineke and Fraenzi Wolff argues that, due to the underlying focus of the access and benefit (ABS) sharing debate on financial benefits and the weak link between the three main objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity, the enormous efforts of developing ABS instruments have contributed little to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.

BREAKTHROUGH FOR “THE SOUTH”?: AN ANALYSIS OF THE RECOGNITION OF FARMERS’ RIGHTS IN THE INTERNATIONAL TREATY ON PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE
(Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 2004) In her thesis, Svanhild-Isabelle Batta Bjørnstad looks at the influence of developing countries on the negotiations of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, particularly regarding its provisions on farmers’ rights.

DOWN ON THE FARM: THE IMPACT OF NANO-SCALE TECHNOLOGIES ON FOOD AND AGRICULTURE

(Etc Group, November 2004) This report considers how nano-scale technologies will affect farmers, food and agriculture. It recommends a wide social debate about nano-scale technologies and their multiple economic, health and environmental implications.
 

NEW UPCOMING MEETINGS


Click here for a complete listing of upcoming meetings

The following are upcoming meetings recently added to Linkages website:

Sustainable development

THIRD CSD-13 BUREAU MEETING:
20 December 2004. UN Headquarters , New York, US. The third meeting of the CSD-13 Bureau is expected to convene on 20 December 2004. For more information contact: UN Division for Sustainable Development; tel: +1-212-963-2803; fax: +1-212-963-4260; e-mail: dsd@un.org; Internet: http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev

BPOA+10 REVIEW INTERNATIONAL CIVIL SOCIETY FORUM:
6 January 2005 - 9 January 2005. Port Louis, Mauritius. This Civil Society Forum (CSF) will precede the Mauritius International Meeting on the BPOA_10 review scheduled fro 10-14 January 2005. All NGOs and other civil society actors, particularly those from SIDS, are encouraged to participate in the Forum and International Meeting. Workshops planned for the Forum will focus on: culture; participation and governance for sustainable development; food security; ocean and marine resource management; water and renewable energy technologies; trade and environment; nuclear proliferation and transhipments of hazardous waste. For more information contact: Pynee A. Chellapermal, International Secretariat, CSF; tel: +230-465-5036; fax: +230-465-1422; e-mail: pynee@mu.refer.org

CONFERENCE ON EDUCATION FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE:
18 January 2005 - 20 January 2005. Ahmedabad, India. The Ahmedabad-based Center for Environment Education is hosting an international conference in partnership with the Indian government, UNEP and UNESCO. The conference will mark the beginning of the UN Decade of Education for Sustainable Development planned for 2005-2014. The conference will be organized around 19 major themes, ranging from communicating for biodiversity conservation, to education for water and sanitation, to educating for sustainable energy management. For more information contact: Thaltej Tekra, Center for Environment Education; tel: +91-79-2685-8002; fax: +91-79-2685-8010; e-mail: esf@ceeindia.org; Internet: http://www.ceeindia.org/esf/index.htm

FOURTH CSD-13 BUREAU MEETING:
28 January 2005. UN headquarters, New York, US . The fourth meeting of the CSD-13 Bureau is expected to convene on 28 January 2005. For more information contact: UN Division for Sustainable Development; tel: +1-212-963-2803; fax: +1-212-963-4260; e-mail: dsd@un.org; Internet: http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev

FIFTH CSD-13 BUREAU MEETING:
27 February 2005. UN headquarters, New York,, US. The fifth meeting of the CSD-13 Bureau is expected to convene on 28 February 2005, immediately prior to the Intergovernmental Preparatory Meeting for CSD-13. For more information contact: UN Division for Sustainable Development; tel: +1-212-963-2803; fax: +1-212-963-4260; e-mail: dsd@un.org; Internet: http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev

WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY:
1 June 2005 - 5 June 2005. San Francisco, CA, US. World Environment Day festivities will include special events focusing on urban environmental issues. Each day of the 5-day event will consider a specific theme: Urban Power (energy, renewables and energy conservation); Cities on the Move (transportation); Redesigning Metropolis (waste diversion and the built environment); Pure Elements (food, water and air); and Flower Power (open space, biodiversity and greening the urban environment). For more information contact: World Environment Day 2005; tel: +1-415-355-9905; fax: +1-415-355-9933; e-mail: info@wed2005.org; Internet: http://www.wed2005.org/

Climate, energy and atmosphere

SPECIALTY CONFERENCE ON THE INDIRECT EFFECTS OF AEROSOLS ON CLIMATE:
5 January 2005 - 7 January 2005. Manchester, UK. This conference on aerosols and their impact on the climate is being organized by the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry project, the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). For more information contact: Dan Murphy, NOAA; e-mail: Daniel.M.Murphy@noaa.gov; Internet: http://www.al.noaa.gov/igac/

FIFTH GLOBAL FORUM ON SUSTAINABLE ENERGY (GFSE):
11 May 2005 - 13 May 2005. Vienna, Austria. This fifth GFSE meeting will focus on biomass, and particularly steps to enhance international cooperation. For more information contact: Irene Freudenschuss-Reichl, Austrian Ministry for Foreign Affairs; tel: +43-5-01150-4486; fax: +43-5-01159-274; e-mail: irene.freudenschuss-reichl@bmaa.gv.at; Internet: http://www.gfse.at/gfse5_preannouncement.htm

EXTRAORDINARY MEETING OF PARTIES TO THE MONTREAL PROTOCOL / TWENTY-FIFTH MEETING OF THE OPEN ENDED WORKING GROUP:
27 June 2005 - 1 July 2005. Montreal, Canada. The 25th meeting of the Open-ended Working Group and the second extraordinary meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol are tentatively scheduled to take place during the last week of June or the first week of July 2005 in Montreal, Canada. The extraordinary meeting will seek to resolve disagreements over exemptions allowing methyl bromide use in 2006. For more information contact: Ozone Secretariat; tel: +254-2-62-3850; fax: +254-2-62-3601; e-mail: ozoneinfo@unep.org; Internet: http://www.unep.org/ozone

GREEN POWER MEDITERRANEAN CONFERENCE - THE SUSTAINABLE ENERGY MEETING PLACE:
15 November 2005 - 16 November 2005. Rome, Italy. This event seeks to create a focused platform for networking and knowledge transfer that will further the adoption of renewable energy systems and energy efficiency programmes in the region. For more information contact: Sarah Ellis, Director, Green Power Conferences; tel: +423-663-029-144; fax: +44-207-900-1853; e-mail: sarah.ellis@greenpowerconferences.com; Internet: http://www.greenpowerconferences.com/events/GreenPowerMed.htm

SEVENTEENTH MEETING OF THE PARTIES TO THE MONTREAL PROTOCOL:
1 November 2005. Dakar, Senegal. MOP-17 is tentatively scheduled to take place in November 2005 in Dakar, Senegal. For more information contact: Ozone Secretariat; tel: +254-2-62-3850; fax: +254-2-62-3601; e-mail: ozoneinfo@unep.org; Internet: http://www.unep.org/ozone

Trade, investment, finance in SD

PARIS 2005: SECOND HIGH-LEVEL FORUM ON HARMONIZATION AND ALIGNMENT FOR AID EFFECTIVENESS – JOINT PROGRESS TOWARD ENHANCED DEVELOPMENT AID EFFECTIVENESS:
28 February 2005 - 2 March 2005. Paris, France. The international development community is scheduled to meet in Paris in early 2005 to: assess progress in implementing harmonization and alignment on the ground; identify ways to accelerate and scale-up implementation; and sustain and enhance the momentum for and political commitment to fundamental changes that enhance aid delivery. These objectives are seen as a key contribution toward the implementation of the Monterey Consensus and to attaining the MDGs. For more information contact: Internet: http://www.aidharmonization.org/ah-wh/secondary-pages/Paris2005

Water, wetlands, oceans, coasts

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON WATER FOR FOOD AND ECOSYSTEMS:
31 January 2005 - 5 February 2005. Hague, the Netherlands. Organized by FAO and the Government of the Netherlands, this conference will provide a high-level platform to help governments identify management practices, share practical lessons learned and determine the enabling environment for harmonizing food production and ecosystem management with a view to implementing internationally-agreed commitments. The outcomes of this conference will provide direct input to CSD-13 and help implement work programmes of the CBD, Ramsar Convention, as well as the JPOI. For more information contact: Mathieu Pinkers, Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality; e-mail: m.j.h.p.pinkers@minlnv.nl; Internet: http://www.fao.org/ag/wfe2005/

RAMSAR COP-9 ASIAN REGIONAL PREPARATORY MEETING:
9 February 2005 - 12 February 2005. Bhubaneswar, India. This meeting aims to provide opportunities for a wider participation of government officials, NGOs, academia and civil society members in the Asian region in preparing for the Ramsar Conference of the Parties, to be held in Kampala, Uganda from 7-15 November. For more information contact: Lei Guangchun, Ramsar Secretariat; tel: +41-22-999-0170; fax: +41-22-999-0169; e-mail: lei@ramsar.org; Internet: http://www.ramsar.org

NORTH SEA CONFERENCE 2005:
1 March 2005 - 3 March 2005. Ringkjobing, Denmark. This conference will focus on the environmental status of the North Sea’s coastal zone and the management of its coastal resources. For more information contact: Gunn Marit Helgesen, President; tel: +47-35-58-42-00; fax: +47-35-52-99-55; e-mail: nsc@northsea.org; Internet: http://www.northsea.org

NINTH INTERNATIONAL WATER TECHNOLOGY CONFERENCE:
17 March 2005 - 20 March 2005. Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt. The objective of the conference is to bring together experts, researchers, and decision makers to discuss a range of water-related issues, from water resources management to water treatment, sewage treatment and water desalination. For more information contact: Magdy Abou Rayan, Chair, Water Technology Association; tel: +203-592-0641; fax: +203-592-0641; e-mail: mrayan@globalnet.com.eg; Internet: http://www.iwtc.tk/

RAMSAR COP-9 AFRICA REGIONAL PREPARATORY MEETING:
6 April 2005 - 9 April 2005. Arusha, Tanzania. The Regional Meeting of the African Contracting Parties to the Ramsar Convention will examine the major issues and concerns that characterize the expansion of the Convention and its work in the region. It will provide an opportunity to share experience and discuss common problems, major achievements, and the need for future actions. For more information contact: Dwight Peck, Ramsar Communications Officer; tel: +41-22-999-0170; fax: +41-22-999-0169; e-mail: peck@ramsar.org; Internet: http://www.ramsar.org/w.n.html

THIRD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT:
11 April 2005 - 13 April 2005. Algarve, Portugal. This meeting will bring together engineers, scientists and other professionals involved in research and development activities in a range of water resources and management areas to present the most recent technological and scientific developments associated with the management of surface and sub-surface water resources. For more information contact: Rachel Green, Conference Coordinator; tel: +44-238-029-3223; fax: +44-238-029-2853; e-mail: rgreen@wessex.ac.uk; Internet: http://www.wessex.ac.uk/conferences/2005/waterresources05/index.html

RAMSAR STANDING COMMITTEE MEETING:
6 June 2005 - 10 June 2005. Gland, Switzerland. The Ramsar Standing Committee will address technical, logistical and financial issues leading up to the ninth Ramsar COP in November 2005. Meetings of the Standing Committee’s Subgroups on COP9 (7-9 March 2005) and on Finance (10 March 2005) are also scheduled prior to COP9. For more information contact: Dwight Peck, Communications Officer; tel: +41-22-999-0170; fax: +41-22-999-0169; e-mail: peck@ramsar.org; Internet: http://www.ramsar.org

UNICPOLOS-6:
6 June 2005 - 10 June 2005. New York, US . The sixth meeting of the United Nations Open-ended informal consultative process on oceans and the law of the sea will meet from 6-10 June 2005 in New York. For more information contact: UNICPOLOS Secretary, DOALOS; tel: +1-212-963-3962; fax: +1-212-963-2811; e-mail: doalos@un.org; Internet: http://www.un.org/Depts/los/consultative_process/consultative_process.htm

SECOND GMA WORKSHOP:
13 June 2005 - 15 June 2005. New York, US . The second workshop concerning a regular process for the global reporting and assessment of the state of the marine environment, including socio-economic aspects (GMA) will take place from 13-15 June 2005 in New York. For more information contact: DOALOS; tel: +1-212-963-3962; fax: +1-212-963-2811; e-mail: doalos@un.org; Internet: http://www.un.org/Depts/los/global_reporting/global_reporting.htm

2005 WORLD WATER WEEK:
21 August 2005 - 27 August 2005. Stockholm, Sweden. The World Water Week includes topical plenary sessions and panel debates, scientific Stockholm Water Symposium workshops, seminars and side events organized by different international organizations, exhibitions and festive prize ceremonies honoring excellence in the water field. Abstracts for presentations during the Symposium workshops, which will be held under the theme of “Drainage Basin Management Hard and Soft Solutions in Regional Development,� will be accepted until 1 February 2005. For more information contact: David Trouba, Communications Manager, SIWI; tel: +46-8-522-139-89; fax: +46-8-522-139-61; e-mail: dave.trouba@siwi.org; Internet: http://www.worldwaterweek.org

WETPOL - INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON WETLAND POLLUTANT DYNAMICS AND CONTROL:
4 September 2005 - 8 September 2005. Ghent, Belgium. This conference will focus on pollutant dynamics and control, environmental toxicity and ecosystem development in natural wetlands, controlled flooding areas and constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment. For more information contact: Gijs Du Laing, WETPOL Organizing Committee; tel: +32-9264-5995; fax: +32-9264-6232; e-mail: wetpol@biomath.ugent.be; Internet: http://biomath.ugent.be/wetpol

CHINA INTERNATIONAL WATER EXPO: 27 October 2005 - 29 October 2005. Shenzhen, China. Supported by China's Ministry of Construction and Ministry of Water Resources, this event offers to be a premier exhibition of China's water industry. For more information contact: Olivia Ho, Project Officer; tel: +852-2827-6766; fax: +852-2827-6870; e-mail: general@coastal.com.hk

 

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