LINKAGES UPDATE - an e-update of new additions to IISD’s Linkages website - 23 October 2004

RECENT MEETINGS COVERED BY THE EARTH NEGOTIATIONS BULLETIN


CITES COP-13 REVISES TRADE RULES FOR RAMIN, GREAT WHITE SHARK, HUMPHEAD WRASSE, RHINOS AND OTHERS; FOCUSES ON ILLEGAL TRADE AND ENFORCEMENT
2-14 October | Bangkok, Thailand

Approximately 1,200 participants convened at the recent thirteenth Conference of the Parties (COP-13) to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) to address, among other things, 50 proposals to amend the CITES appendices, enforcement and administrative matters, and cooperation with the Convention on Biological Diversity and the UN Food and Agriculture Organization.

COP-13 was characterized as a victory for conservationists, who applauded the listings of the Irrawady dolphin, humphead wrasse, great white shark and ramin, and the rejection of the proposal to downlist minke whales. Click here for the Earth Negotiations Bulletincoverage of the meeting.
 


L-R: The closing dais of SAICM PrepCom2 with Muhammed Omotola, Matthew Gubb,
SAICM PrepCom President Viveka Bohn, John Buccini, Jim Willis, and Patrick Szell
 

PREPCOM CLARIFIES PURPOSE AND SCOPE OF STRATEGIC APPROACH TO GLOBAL CHEMICALS MANAGEMENT
4-8 October | Nairobi, Kenya

The second session of the Preparatory Committee for the Development of the Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM PrepCom2) convened recently to discuss elements for an overarching policy strategy for global chemicals management. PrepCom2 took significant steps in clarifying the purpose of SAICM by agreeing on a structure for future discussions. The SAICM will consist of an overarching policy strategy, a global plan of action, and a high-level declaration. However, much work remains on finalizing the concrete measures to promote chemical safety. The work of the PrepCom will culminate in a final “International Conference on Chemicals Management” in 2006. Click here for ENB
s coverage of SAICM PC2.

PREPARATIONS FOR DISASTER REDUCTION CONFERENCE PROGRESS
11-12 October | Geneva, Switzerland

Planning for a major summit on disaster reduction moved forward with a second official session of the Preparatory Committee held in mid-October. The Committee considered a new version of a draft programme of action for 2005-2015 that should provide the basis for one of the main outcomes expected from the World Conference on Disaster Reduction when it takes place in Kobe, Japan, in January 2005. More than 400 delegates attended PrepCom, which included an exchange of views on the new draft programme of action. At the end of the session, participants agreed to establish an open-ended drafting committee to continue working on the draft programme of action. Discussions on a political declaration are expected to begin once further progress on the programme of action has been achieved. Click here for the Earth Negotiations Bulletinreport.



L-R: Anna Tibaijuka, UN-HABITAT Executive Director, Lena Sommestad, Swedish Minister for the Environment, and Wangari Maathai, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate
 

FIRST GLOBAL WOMEN’S ASSEMBLY ON ENVIRONMENT HIGHLIGHTS ROLE OF WOMEN’S LEADERSHIP IN ENVIRONMENT
11-13 October | Nairobi, Kenya
The United Nations Environment Programme’s (UNEP) first Global Women’s Assembly on Environment: Women as the Voice for the Environment (WAVE) convened recently to consider issues relating to the upcoming Beijing+10 review session, the five-year review of the Millennium Declaration, and the 13th session of the UN Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD-13). Participants drafted informal recommendations on the “Women and Environment” section of the Beijing Platform of Action, which will be forwarded to the 23rd session of the UNEP Governing Council/Global Ministerial Environmental Forum and CSD-13. The WAVE Assembly also adopted a Manifesto, which included these recommendations. The WAVE Manifesto, and WAVE recommendations and project ideas will be forwarded to relevant intergovernmental meetings. Click here for IISD’s coverage.

DELEGATES CONTINUE PREPARATIONS FOR MAURITIUS MEETING ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF SIDS
7-11 October | UNHQ, New York

The second round of informal informal consultations held in preparation for the International Meeting on the Ten-Year Review of the Barbados Programme of Action (BPOA) for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States (SIDS) took place recently at UN headquarters in New York. During the consultations, delegates continued deliberations on the revised Draft Strategy for the Further Implementation of the BPOA that was produced following the previous round of informals in May 2004. With the understanding that nothing is agreed, until everything is agreed, delegates resolved ten chapters of the draft Strategy Paper, and reached partial resolution on seven chapters. Text concerning
Graduation, and Trade: Globalization and Trade Liberalization remain contentious, and discussions on Climate Change and Sea-Level Rise were deferred to the International Meeting. Click here for the ENB Briefing Note.
 

CSD-13 BUREAU DISCUSSES PREPARATIONS FOR SPRING MEETING
30 September | UNHQ, New York
The first meeting of the CSD-13 Bureau convened recently to discuss, among other things, the session’s organization of work. Bureau members agreed that the Commission should focus on deliverables and mobilize further concrete and tangible action to expedite implementation, and that it should not seek to redefine problems or challenges. The Bureau discussed the unfortunate scheduling conflict of the UN-HABITAT Governing Council (11-15 April 2005) and CSD-13 (11-22 April 2005), particularly in light of the fact that the current CSD cycle is focusing on water, sanitation and human settlements. In response, the Bureau decided to make arrangements for the UN-HABITAT Governing Council to report on the outcomes of its meeting as an input to discussions at CSD-13 and scheduled the High-level Segment of CSD-13 for 20-22 April 2005. It was noted that the Secretary-General’s reports for CSD-13 are scheduled to be posted on the CSD-13 website before the end of December 2004.
Click here for the ENB Briefing Note on the 5 October briefing session.
 

LINKAGES UPDATE


Linkages Update is our means of keeping you informed of what’s new on IISD Reporting Services' Linkages website. This page is updated on a fortnightly basis, while the website continually posts new information provided by our contributing writers. If you wish to submit relevant materials or subscribe to Linkages Update, e-mail prisna@iisd.org.

Linkages provides updates on:
Recent meetings
Upcoming meetings
Media reports
Key publications, online resource
Comings and goings

Click here for the online version and archives of Linkages Update.
 

UPCOMING MEETINGS
COVERED BY ENB


 7th Conference of the Parties to the Basel Convention:
Geneva, 25-29 October
 2nd CTI Joint Seminar on Technology Diffusion in Central and Eastern Europe and the CIS:
Vienna, 28-29 October
 
22nd Session of the IPCC:
New Delhi, 9-11 November
 IUCN 3rd World Conservation Congress:
Bangkok, 17-25 November
 16th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol:
Prague, 22-26 November
 
UNFCCC COP-10:
Buenos Aires, 6-17 December
 

COMINGS AND GOINGS


Appointments and departures

AYDIN JOINS NGLS AS
DEPUTY COORDINATOR AND
CHIEF OF NEW YORK OFFICE
Zehra Aydin has joined the UN Non-Governmental Liaison Service (UN-NGLS) as Deputy Coordinator and Chief of NGLS’s New York Office. Aydin was formerly with the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, where from 1993-2003 she was coordinator of the Major Groups Programme in the Commission for Sustainable Development secretariat. More recently, she was part of the Secretariat for the Secretary-General’s High Level Panel on UN-Civil Society Relations. More.

THORGEIRSSON JOINS UNFCCC
Halldor Thorgeirsson of Iceland joined the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change Secretariat in August as Coordinator of the UNFCCC’s Methods, Inventories & Science Programme. Following this appointment, Thorgiersson stepped down as President of the SAICM Preparatory Committee, a position that was assumed by Viveka Bohn of Sweden during the recent second SAICM preparatory meeting in Nairobi. More.


IISD APPOINTS NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT PROGRAM DIRECTOR
Henry Venema will lead IISD’s new and revitalized Natural Resources Management programme. More.

Vacancies

TWO IUCN SENIOR MANAGEMENT POSITION OPENINGS
IUCN has two senior management position openings based at its Headquarters in Gland, Switzerland. The conservation union is seeking a Director of Global Strategies to be responsible for its global strategies and for the services that support external relations and engagement with key constituencies. IUCN is also looking to fill the position of Director of Global Operations to lead the strategic management and oversight of the Union’s worldwide management systems and services. The start date for both positions is 1 January 2005, and the deadline for applications is 12 November 2004. More.

Click here for complete postings on appointments, departures and vacancies.
 

RECENT KEY MEETINGS


GENERAL ASSEMBLY CONSIDERS
UN REFORM AND REVITALIZATION OF ITS WORK

4-5 October | UNHQ, New York
Deputy UN Secretary-General Louise Fréchette opened the 59th session of the General Assembly’s joint debate on UN reform and revitalization of the Assembly’s work on 4 October 2004, noting the invaluable contribution of civil society to the UN. Speakers during the debate stressed that enhancing participation with NGOs could ensure better outreach and implementation of the UN’s initiatives on the ground. Several speakers expressed concerns, including misgivings due to the intergovernmental nature of the UN, the fact that NGOs are not democratically elected, and questions about whether the nature of NGO participation in the General assembly and the benefits from this participation had been clearly identified. General Assembly President Jean Ping (Gabon) wrapped up the discussion on 5 October, noting that the proposals included in the report of the Secretary-General on civil society relations required careful consideration from the General Assembly. More.
 


CEB HIGH LEVEL COMMITTEE ON PROGRAMMES PREPARES FOR FALL SESSION
15-17 September | Florence, Italy
In preparing for its 2004 fall session, the High-Level Committee on Programmes of the UN System Chief Executives Board (CEB) for Coordination convened for its eighth session, focusing on: preparations for the 2005 comprehensive review of the implementation of the Millennium Declaration; issues relating to bridging the digital divide; and implementation of the development agenda at the country-level.

The Committee also followed-up on decisions regarding transnational crime, financing for development, and conflict prevention, and addressed its work programme for 2004-2005 and beyond, focusing on: follow-up to WSSD in the areas of water, oceans and energy, including the adoption of UN-Water’s terms of reference; NEPAD; civil society relations; HIV/AIDS and linkages with food security and governance; and communications strategy.
More.


WTO RESUMES DOHA DISCUSSIONS
The World Trade Organization has resumed negotiations on the Doha trade round, taking up from where breakthrough talks held in late July and early August left off. Several WTO committees have convened recently, with negotiators taking stock of overall progress during a meeting of the WTO’s Trade Negotiations Committee on 12 October. The Agriculture Committee resumed its work in an informal meeting held on 24 September, meeting once again from 6-7 October, before gathering for an official special session on 8 October.

Meanwhile, the Trade and Environment Committee, which convened for a special session on 12 and 13 October, resumed consideration of the linkages between multilateral environmental agreements and the rules of the WTO, with delegates debating the most appropriate way forward for negotiations on the issue. In other news, WTO Director-General Supachai Panitchpakdi gave an upbeat assessment of the state of play in the latest trade talks. More.

WIPO GENERAL ASSEMBLY MOVES ON DEVELOPMENT AND DISCLOSURE
29 September – 5 October | Geneva

Among other issues, the General Assemblies of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) adopted a decision to begin discussions on enhancing the development dimension of WIPO’s work, as proposed by Brazil and Argentina, and to respond to a CBD request for information on the interrelation of access to genetic resources and disclosure requirements in applications for intellectual property rights.
More.

ROUNDTABLE EXAMINES CLIMATE-TRADE LINKAGES
14 October | Geneva, Switzerland

The relationship between the multilateral climate change and trade regimes was the topic of a recent roundtable in Geneva. The meeting was organized by the International Center for Trade and Sustainable Development. Participants considered the compatibility between the global trade regime and the trade-related options available for mitigating climate change, including energy taxes, subsidies, and the Kyoto Protocol’s flexible mechanisms. They also discussed the question of climate change adaptation and trade rules. More.
 

AFRICA WORKS TOWARDS POLICY CONSENSUS ON BIOTECHNOLOGY
20-22 September | Harare, Zimbabwe

The second session of the African Policy Dialogues on Biotechnology brought together representatives from across Southern Africa with the aim of building consensus and strategies for common action on biotechnology in the region. Participants agreed on the need to develop a uniform policy on biotechnology and biosafety. However, views were polarized on the potential of modern biotechnology for food security.
More.

ASEAN AGREES TO SET UP ENVIRONMENT FUND
13-14 October
| Singapore

Environment Ministers of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) met recently to assess and reinforce cooperation on regional environmental issues. During the meeting, ASEAN Ministers approved an agreement to establish the ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity, and endorsed the setting up of the ASEAN Environment Fund.
More.

 

SMALL STATES FORUM FOCUSES ON GROWTH AND COMPETITIVENESS
3 October | Washington, DC

Held under the theme “Growth and Competitiveness in Small States” with a focus on investment, the 2004 Small States Forum met recently in conjunction with the World Bank/IMF Annual Meetings. The forum was organized around a panel discussion that heard from both the private and public sectors, and addressed issues relating to competitiveness and resilience of small state economies from natural events, disease, globalization, as well as loss of trade preferences.
More.
 

COMMONWEALTH FINANCE MINISTERS CONVENE
28-29 September | St Kitts & Nevis

Finance Ministers of the Commonwealth countries met recently to review the world economic situation and discuss
policy issues relating to development in small states, debt sustainability, promoting investment in Commonwealth developing countries, and securing support from international financial institutions to help low-income and vulnerable countries benefit from trade liberalization. More.

MEDIA REPORTS


Sustainable development

KENYAN ENVIRONMENTAL ACTIVIST AWARDED NOBEL PEACE PRIZE

Kenyan Environmentalist and Deputy Minister for Environment and Natural Resources Wangari Maathai has been honored the 2004 Nobel Peace Prize for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace. More.


ACTION DAY UPDATE: WORLD OBSERVES DISASTER REDUCTION DAY AND INTERNATIONAL POVERTY ERADICATION DAY
“Learning from today’s disasters for tomorrow’s hazards” was the theme of the International Day for Disaster Reduction, observed on 13 October.
Recent events around the globe also marked the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty, a day for all to consider how they can contribute to the eradication of extreme poverty. More.

FAO CAMPAIGN COMBATS LOCUSTS IN WEST AFRICA
The FAO announced on 13 October 2004 that six additional aircraft would be joining the four already operating in the West African region to deploy pesticides to combat locust swarms, and that four helicopters would follow shortly. More.

NEW IISD AND IUCN TRADE, AID AND SECURITY INITIATIVE EXAMINES LINKAGES BETWEEN ENVIRONMENT AND CONFLICT
A group of international experts in trade in natural resources, aid policy and security issues met in Geneva recently to establish the operating guidelines for a new IISD and IUCN project examining the linkages between environment and conflict.
More.


Climate, energy and atmosphere

RUSSIA DUMA VOTES IN FAVOR OF KYOTO PROTOCOL
Russia’s State Duma has approved the Kyoto Protocol, bringing the climate change treaty one step closer to becoming legally-binding. More.

HURRICANES’ DESTRUCTIVE POWER SET TO GROW
The intensity and destructive power of hurricanes is set to rise as a result of climate change, according to new research. More.

AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT, GREENPEACE IN OIL SPAT
The Australian Government has been accused of offering an oil company taxpayers’ money to sue environmental group Greenpeace. In other news, Australia seems certain to remain among the small group of countries opposed to the Kyoto Protocol following the re-election of John Howard’s Liberal-National coalition in early October. More.

AVIATION TAX PLAN GROUNDED
An EU proposal to introduce a tax on aviation fuel has flown into a storm of controversy at a high-level meeting in Montreal. More.

JURY OUT ON RISING CO2 LEVELS
Experts are disputing the possible implications of ongoing year-on-year increases in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. More.

Human development

UN REPORT SPOTLIGHTS A RIGHT-TO-FOOD APPROACH TO FISHERIES
The shift towards industrialization, privatization and export orientation of the fishing industry should consider the rights and resources of subsistence fishing communities, according to an interim report by the UN Special Rapporteur on the right to food. More.
 


Water, wetlands, oceans, coasts

COSTA RICA CHAMPIONS MORATORIUM ON HIGH SEAS BOTTOM TRAWLING

Costa Rica is supporting a moratorium on bottom trawling on the high seas, a move backed by many environmental and conservation organizations. More.

Biodiversity and wildlife

WORLD FOOD DAY FOCUSES ON BIODIVERSITY
“Biodiversity for Food Security” was the theme of this year’s World Food Day, celebrated on 16 October. More.


AMPHIBIANS AT RISK - NEARLY ONE THIRD THREATENED WITH EXTINCTION, STUDY FINDS
Amphibian species are declining at an unprecedented rate, experiencing tens of thousands of years worth of extinctions in this last century, finds the most comprehensive study to date.
More.

UNION ADOPTS RESOLUTION ON THE ROLE OF PARLIAMENTS IN PRESERVING BIODIVERSITY
In its 111th session, the Inter-Parliamentary Union unanimously adopted a resolution affirming the role of parliaments in preserving biological diversity. More.

GM UPDATE
GM pollen travels far; GM contamination scandals in Hawaii and Thailand; 17 GM varieties approved in Europe but GM-Free Campaigners gather forces. More.

OIL DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES THREATEN ECUADOR’S LARGEST NATIONAL PARK
Ecuador’s Yasuni National Park, one of the world’s most megadiverse regions, is under threat due to a licence granted to the Brazilian national oil company, Petrobras, to undertake oil development activities. More.

KEY PUBLICATIONS AND ONLINE RESOURCES


Millennium Development Goals

‘WE THE PEOPLES …’ A CALL TO ACTION FOR THE UN MILLENNIUM DECLARATION
(The North-South Institute (NSI) and the World Federation of United Nations Associations (WFUNA), September 2004) This third annual report on civil society engagement with the Millennium Declaration and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) was co-authored by John Foster (NSI) and Pera Wells (WFUNA). The report is based on an extensive survey directed to civil society organizations (270 organizations from over 82 countries), as well as MDG roundtables at the UN, contributions to website dialogues on the MDGs, and printed materials from a variety of CSOs and official sources. Highlights from their findings include that: many CSOs have adopted an approach of critical engagement with the MDGs, adapting, extending, updating and localizing the goals to their situation; greater focus on advocacy and information campaigns is needed; the distribution of income and gains from development, between genders, among family units and social groups, with an eye to equity, is an increasing concern; and higher priority needs to be given to the impact of HIV/AIDS on poverty, education, hunger and human life itself. The findings highlight the strengths and weaknesses of UN efforts to involve civil society organizations at a country level and calls for a scaling-up of financial and political commitments towards the MDGs. The report.

MAKING SENSE OF MDG COSTING
(UNDP, August 2004) Prepared by J. Vandemourtele and R. Roy, this paper considers a range of issues relating to MDG costing. While recognizing the imperfections of different costing methodologies, the authors underscore the importance of MDG costing, particularly at the national and sub-national levels for aligning national budgets, sectoral plans and foreign aid with the country-specific targets. The paper emphasizes the need for “flexibility, humility and learning” when estimating MDG costs, and urges greater attention towards: country-level estimates over global ones; relative cost estimates rather than absolute figures; domestic sources of funding over foreign aid; and national ownership rather than donorship. It also underscores short- and medium-term over long-term costing, and proposes three steps to align national poverty reduction strategies with the MDGs. The paper.

ACHIEVING THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS: THE MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES A STRATEGY FOR DFID: 2005-2008
(DFID, August 2004) This report presents DFID’s vision for helping achieve the MDGs in middle income countries (MICs). The report highlights numerous reasons why MICs are critical to achieving the MDGs worldwide, and presents a vision for a more effective international system, outlining ways in which the international community can contribute to the development of MICs. In conclusion, the report outlines the contribution that DFID aims to make at the international and bilateral levels. The report.

RESOURCE RICH BWIS, 100% DEBT CANCELLATION AND THE MDGS
(Jubilee Research and New Economics Foundation, 2004) Authored by Sony Kapoor, this paper considers the costs of reaching the MDGs with an emphasis on Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania and Uganda. It finds that total debt cancellation and higher levels of aid are necessary for Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPCs) to achieve the MDGs, and shows that both the IMF and the World Bank have ample resources to cancel all the HIPC debt owed to them without compromising their operations. Furthermore, the paper shows how the Bank and the Fund can go beyond debt cancellation and finance grants out of their resources. The paper.

Climate and energy


TOOLKIT “INTEGRATION OF BIODIVERSITY CONCERNS INTO CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION ACTIVITIES”
(UBA, 2004) Published by the German Federal Environmental Agency (UBA), this toolkit seeks to provide practical guidance on designing climate change mitigation activities in a way that will benefit biodiversity and contribute to the 2010 biodiversity target. It also aims to enhance synergies between climate change mitigation and biodiversity conservation policies. The first part of the toolkit provides an overview of potential climate change mitigation activities, particularly in the land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) sector. The second part introduces selected instruments that could be applied for the integration of biodiversity aspects into climate change mitigation activities. The third part seeks to supports the design of activities that are beneficial for biodiversity and contribute to the global 2010 biodiversity target, and is based on decision-sheets for project types that are eligible according to the flexible mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol. The toolkit.

ENERGY SERVICES FOR THE URBAN POOR IN AFRICA: ISSUES AND POLICY IMPLICATIONS
(AFREPREN, 2004) Edited by Bereket Kebede and Eng. Ikhupuleng Dube, this publication presents a compilation of country studies carried out on energy services for the urban poor in eastern and southern Africa. The book considers two major issues in Africa – poverty alleviation and growing urbanization – against an energy background, and seeks to contribute to the current energy policy debate in Africa. More.

RENEWABLES AND ENERGY FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
(AFREPREN, June 2004) Edited by M. Mapako and A. Mbewe, this publication provides a compilation of country studies carried out by AFREPREN researchers in the Renewables and Energy for Rural Development Theme Group of 1999-2004. More.


Water, wetlands, oceans, coasts


MARINE RESERVES: A GUIDE TO SCIENCE, DESIGN, AND USE
(Island Press, 2004) Written by Jack Sobel and Craig Dahlen, this book seeks to provide a current overview and synthesis on the science, planning and management of marine reserves. Chapters address topics such as: marine biological and geophysical issues relevant to reserve design; potential economic and biological benefits of marine reserves, and the likelihood of achieving them; influence of social and economic factors on reserve design and implementation; and lessons learned from past efforts to establish marine reserves. More.

FISHING FOR ANSWERS: MAKING SENSE OF THE GLOBAL FISH CRISIS
(WRI, October 2004) Written by Yumiko Kura, Carmen Revenga, Eriko Hoshino and Greg Mock, this report seeks to provide “easily digestible but comprehensive fisheries information for consumers and policymakers … and allow consumers to make links between what they eat and the effect on the ecosystem and fishers globally.” The report examines the depletion of global fish stocks and related conflicts that arise out of resource depletion, outlines actions consumers can take to promote sustainable fishing, and presents successful and failed fisheries management approaches. The report further highlights the role of small-scale fishers and inland fisheries for their contribution to global food security and in providing employment and income in developing countries. The executive summary. The full version will be available online at the end of October.
 


Sustainable development

LIVING PLANET REPORT 2004
(WWF, October 2004) This report is the fifth in a series of Living Planet publications, WWF’s periodic update on the state of the world’s ecosystems, which examines human pressures on the earth through two indicators – the Living Planet Index and the Ecological Footprint. The 2004 report underscores how current human consumption of the planet’s natural resources is far exceeding the earth’s regenerative capacities, indicating that we currently consume 20 percent more natural resources than the planet can produce, and highlighting that populations of terrestrial, freshwater and marine species fell by 30 to 50 percent in the last three decades. The report notes that humanity’s ecological footprint has increased 2.5 times since 1961, with our energy footprint increasing by almost 700 percent between 1961 and 2001. The report.

STRIVING FOR GOOD GOVERNANCE IN AFRICA
(UNECA, 2004) This report provides a synopsis of the 2005 African Governance Report by the UN Economic Commissions for Africa (ECA), a forthcoming publication that will feature the results of the first major continent-wide study on governance in Africa. Prepared for the 4th African Development Forum held in mid-October in Addis Ababa, the “Striving for good governance in Africa” report presents a snapshot of the public perception of governance in various African countries, highlights capacity deficits, and seeks to foster the sharing of intraregional experience and knowledge concerning the challenges to good governance. Through a survey of 28 countries, the research indicates increasing good governance on the continent. Underscoring a need for the implementation of a “bold and innovative programme” to develop Africa’s governance capacity, the report identifies and outlines 10 priority areas for action toward building capable and accountable States. The report.

GUIDELINES FOR REDUCING FLOOD LOSSES
(UN, 2004) Paul J. Pilon edited this four-chapter inter-agency publication, led by UNDESA, which was launched on World Water Day 2004. The text is the result of three workshops and symposia held in response to the devastation arising from water-related natural disasters, particularly flooding. One objective of these events was to create comprehensive guidelines that could be used by governments, international organizations, NGOs and civil society to help avert losses from flooding and epidemics. The resulting guidelines address the needs of decision-makers and describe the range of mitigation options that need to be considered when endeavoring to reduce losses from flooding. The guidelines offer an introduction to the general issue area and various measures to mitigate the impacts associated with floods. The text.


LIMITS TO GROWTH: THE 30-YEAR UPDATE
(Chelsea Green Publishing, 2004) Donella Meadows, Jorgen Randers and Dennis Meadows bring data on “overshoot and global ecological collapse to the present moment” in this text. The authors first collaborated on the 1972 book titled The Limits to Growth, which used the World3 computer model to look into the future and “show the consequences of unchecked growth on a finite planet.” They penned Beyond the Limits twenty years later to show that “humanity was already overshooting Earth’s limits.” Their 30-year update describes the World3 computer model, types of growth, and the various kinds of overshoot likely to occur in the current century. More.

ONLINE RESOURCE: UN REFORM – UN-CIVIL SOCIETY RELATIONS
(NGLS, October 2004) The UN-NGLS launched this new section on its website to provide up-to-date information on UN reform, with an emphasis on UN-Civil Society Relations. The section reviews the UN General Assembly debate on the subject, with links to several Member States’ statements, and links to the Cardoso Panel’s report on UN-Civil Society relations, several NGO’s responses to the Cardoso Panel report, and background papers prepared for the Panel. The webpage.

Chemicals management


ONLINE RESOURCE: RESOURCE CENTRE FOR PRTR RELEASE ESTIMATE TECHNIQUES

Developed by the Task Force on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers of the OECD’s Environment, Health and Safety Programme, the Resource Centre for Release Estimation Techniques is now online. This resource provides a clearinghouse of guidance materials regarding release estimation techniques for the principle pollutant release and transfer registers developed by OECD member countries.


ONLINE RESOURCE: TOXICITY AND EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT FOR CHILDREN’S HEALTH (TEACH)
TEACH, a project of the US EPA, is a new searchable database containing overviews of scientific literature in the field of children’s environmental health risks from chemical exposure. TEACH currently contains over 1,400 references from January 1972 to January 2003. These references cover information on environmental contaminants that potentially impact children’s health and are updated annually.


Organizations


NATURAL ALLIES: UNEP AND CIVIL SOCIETY
(UNEP, October 2004) Launched during the first Global Women’s Assembly on Environment, which met in Nairobi in October 2004, this guidebook describes how civil society can and does work with UNEP. It discusses UNEP’s structure and role, explains how civil society can participate in UNEP activities and directly with governments, reviews civil society engagement in the regions, and addresses the issue of UNEP’s financial resources for civil society. More.

Trade, investment, finance in
sustainable development


PARTNERSHIPS IN DEVELOPMENT: PROGRESS IN THE FIGHT AGAINST POVERTY
(World Bank, 2004) This report shows how the World Bank Group is working to help countries move towards poverty reduction as embodied in the MDGs and the Monterrey Consensus, spotlighting Bank-supported policies and programmes. The six sections of the report: explore the challenge of reducing poverty as outlined in the MDGs; discusses the international response to poverty and outlines necessary priorities for poverty reduction; presents the World Bank’s to support country-led poverty reduction strategies; discusses the Bank’s analytical, technical, and financial assistance of poverty reduction strategies; discusses Bank partnerships with other donors to harmonize assistance for national poverty reduction efforts and to spur the provision of global public goods to address global issues; and summarizes the key priorities for quicker and more efficient poverty reduction. The report.

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA: DEBT SUSTAINABILITY, OASIS OR MIRAGE?
(UNCTAD, 2004) This study examines debt sustainability in Africa and makes recommendation on how to deal with Africa’s debt overhang, including through adoption of new approaches or through a major revision and improvement of present debt relief policies. The report.
 


Biodiversity and wildlife

BIODIVERSITY PLANNING: WHY AND HOW SHOULD LOCAL OPINIONS MATTER?

(IIED, 2004) Authored by Sonja Vermeulen and produced by the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), this paper provides guidance on the different meanings and values of biodiversity among different interest groups, providing among other things a framework that external agents can use to incorporate local biodiversity values in planning. Topics covered include: biodiversity meanings and its different values; an overview of biodiversity interest groups; global public good values versus typical local community values; interactions between people and biodiversity; and differences within communities in how biodiversity is used and valued. The paper.

RED TAPE AND CLOSED DOORS: MOTIVATING INTER-AGENCY COOPERATION AT NATIONAL, REGIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL LEVELS, FOR EFFECTIVE ENFORCEMENT OF CITES
(Traffic International, 2004) Prepared by TRAFFIC and circulated at CITES COP-13, this paper describes the main problems of enforcing CITES and suggests possible ways to resolve them. It cites common problems undermining CITES enforcement, including: lack of political awareness; inadequate intelligence networks and lack of enforcement resources at the national level; complex geopolitical situations generating barriers to cooperation at the regional level; and lack of resources for networking to develop international cooperation at the international level. The paper puts forward specific recommendations for improving inter-agency cooperation for CITES enforcement at all levels. The paper.

THE CITES TREATY AND COMPLIANCE: PROGRESS OR JEOPARDY?
(Chatham House, September 2004) Written by Rosalind Reeve, this paper provides an overview of recent developments in the current CITES compliance regime. The author says that the current CITES compliance regime, which provides for a sanctions-based approach using recommended trade suspensions, as it has evolved through practice, is particularly effective and provides a model for other treaties. She argues that negotiations for new guidelines on compliance cause controversy, threaten to undermine the existing regime, and may not be in the interest of the Convention. The paper.

BLUE GENES: SHARING AND CONSERVING THE WORLD’S AQUATIC BIODIVERSITY
(Earthscan, September 2004) Authored by David Greer and Brian Harvey, this book looks at issues of ownership, governance, and trade in aquatic genetic resources. Using six case studies to illustrate key issues, it includes chapters on: the gene rush, finding new value in aquatic biodiversity; managing aquatic genetic resources, tools and policy gaps; ownership and control of aquatic resources; rights of indigenous and local communities; national laws on access to aquatic resources; and meaningful benefits for fishing communities. The authors conclude with policy recommendations on aquatic biodiversity management, and access and benefit-sharing. More information.


INTERNATIONAL LAW OF RELEVANCE TO PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES: A PRACTICAL REVIEW FOR SCIENTISTS AND OTHER PROFESSIONALS WORKING WITH PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES
(IPGRI, March 2004) Edited by Susan Bragdon, this publication by the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI), provides an overview of the international agreements and policies of relevance to the conservation and management of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture (PGRFA), including the FAO Global System for the conservation and sustainable use of PGRFA, access and benefit-sharing policies, the International Treaty on PGRFA, the CBD, the TRIPS Agreement, and the Treaty of the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV). It also discusses phytosanitary and biosafety measures and cross-cutting issues, and contains annexes with relevant economic issues. The paper notes that developments in international and national law and policy over the past 15 years have changed the working environment for those in charge of managing and making decisions about genetic resources, and that today, genetic resource managers need to understand the legal and policy environment in order to do their jobs effectively. The paper.

TRADE, BIOTECHNOLOGY AND HUNGER
(2004) This is the transcript of a talk by Devinda Sharma, delivered at a conference on Trade and Hunger in Oslo in June 2004. The speaker provides a critical commentary on the international policy agenda regarding hunger and malnutrition. He says that there is a lack of political will to address hunger, and furthermore, it is political power that promotes technologies and policies that make the situation worse, such as biotechnology. He argues that while biotechnology may increase production, at a potentially high ecological cost, the real problem is not lack of food but lack of the means to buy it. Calling for policies to promote self-sufficiency and sustainability, Sharma addresses trade liberalization, corporate governance, intellectual property rights, genetic contamination and institutional safety nets. The transcript.


FAO BIOTECHNOLOGY GLOSSARY TRANSLATED INTO FRENCH
The FAO “Glossary of biotechnology for food and agriculture,” published in 2001 as FAO Research and Technology Paper 9, has now been translated into French, entitled “Glossaire de la biotechnologie pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture.” In addition to the translation of over 3,000 terms and definitions contained in the original English glossary, the 427-page publication also contains an additional English-French vocabulary of biotechnology-related terms. The French translation was compiled by M. Atallah, with an extensive revision by M. Tepfer and A. Eggen. The publicationis available both in PDF and as a searchable database.

ELDIS FOOD SECURITY RESOURCE GUIDE
ELDIS launched a newly updated food security resource guide which follows a broad range of issues, including: food aid; right to food; biotechnology; IPRs and food security; nutrition; gender and food security; the role of small producers; urban food security; social protection; regional and country specific food security profiles. The resource.


Forests, deserts, land


FINAL REPORT OF THE WORKSHOP TO DEVELOP A REGIONAL APPLIED RESEARCH PROGRAM IN THE CONGO BASIN 
(ITTO, October 2004) The Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) prepared this document, which is the final report of the implementation of the International Tropical Timber Council’s decision on “Promotion of sustainable forest management in the Congo Basin.” The decision called for a workshop to develop a regional applied research programme and to identify appropriate implementation approaches for this programme through existing entities, initiatives and networks. The report reviews regional research in the field of moist dense forest management in Central Africa, assesses forestry research capacity in Central Africa, and describes a pilot study on the social, environmental and economic sustainability of industrial concessions in the Congo Basin. The report.

NEW UPCOMING MEETINGS


Click here for a complete listing of upcoming meetings

The following are upcoming meetings recently added to Linkages website:

Sustainable development

8TH INTERNATIONAL HIGH-LEVEL SEMINAR ON SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION AND PRODUCTION:
15 November 2004 - 16 November 2004. Monterrey, Mexico. UNEP’s 8th International High-level Seminar on Sustainable Consumption and Production will address two basic themes: 'Environment and Basic Needs' and 'Global Challenges and Business' and will seek to create a new vision for the work of the international community to promote more sustainable lifestyles. The specific objectives of the seminar are to: select methodologies, approaches, projects and funding mechanisms that can be replicated and used to change unsustainable patterns of production and consumption; build new partnerships to share and leverage resources and facilitate the implementation process; and identify priority activities and means for UNEP and other organizations mandated to implement the sustainability agenda. For more information contact: UNEP DTIE, Production and Consumption Branch; tel: +33-1-4437-1439; fax: +33-1-4437-1474; e-mail: SCP8@unep.fr; Internet: http://www.uneptie.org/pc/SCP8/first.htm

SECOND MEETING OF THE CSD-13 BUREAU:
16 November 2004. New York, US. The second meeting of the Bureau of the 13th session of the UN Commission on Sustainable Development is scheduled to continue preparing for its upcoming 2005 meeting on 16 November 2004. For more information contact: JoAnne DiSano, UNDESA; tel: +1-212-963-8497; fax: +1-212-963-4260; e-mail: dsd@un.org; Internet: http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/index.html

INTERNATIONAL EVENT ON PROMOTING ACCOUNTABILITY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT:
17 November 2004 - 19 November 2004. London, UK. Organized by AccountAbility, this event will explore the important roles of accountability and assurance for sustainable development. For more information contact: AccountAbility; tel: +44-20-7549-0400; fax: +44-20-7253-7440; Internet: http://www.neilstewartassociates.com/sa188

Biodiversity and wildlife

BIOSAFETY CONSIDERATIONS IN THE USE OF GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS FOR MANAGEMENT OF ANIMAL POPULATIONS:
18 October 2004 - 15 November 2004. Biosafety Clearing-House, Internet. This online conference is organized by the CBD Secretariat. It aims to discuss whether modern biotechnology can provide innovative approaches to management of animal populations, and its potential risks. For more information contact: CBD Secretariat; tel: +1-514-288-2220; fax: +1-514-288-6588; e-mail: secretariat@biodiv.org; Internet: https://bch.biodiv.org/onlineconferences/gmoam-signin.shtml?returnurl=%2fonlineconferences%2fgmoam.shtml

EXPERT MEETING ON OUTCOME ORIENTED TARGETS FOR THE PROGRAMMES OF WORK ON THE BIODIVERSITY OF INLAND WATER ECOSYSTEMS AND MARINE AND COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS:
25 October 2004 - 27 October 2004. Montreal, Canada. This meeting is organized by the CBD Secretariat. For more information contact: CBD Secretariat; tel: +1-514-288-2220; fax: +1-514-288-6588; e-mail: secretariat@biodiv.org; Internet: http://www.biodiv.org/doc/meeting.aspx?lg=0&mtg=EMIWMC-01

18TH SESSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL CO-ORDINATING COUNCIL OF THE MAN AND THE BIOSPHERE (MAB) PROGRAMME:
25 October 2004 - 29 October 2004. Paris, France. This meeting is organized by the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). For more information contact: UNESCO MAB; fax: +33-1-45-68-58-04; e-mail: mab@unesco.org; Internet: http://www.unesco.org/mab/mabicc.htm

WORKSHOP ON CAPACITY-BUILDING AND EXCHANGE OF EXPERIENCES AS RELATED TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF PARAGRAPH 2 OF ARTICLE 18 OF THE BIOSAFETY PROTOCOL:
1 November 2004 - 3 November 2004. Bonn, Germany. This meeting is organized by the CBD Secretariat. For more information contact: CBD Secretariat; tel: +1-514-288-2220; fax: +1-514-288-6588; e-mail: secretariat@biodiv.org; Internet: http://www.biodiv.org/doc/meeting.aspx?lg=0&mtg=BSWSCBHTPI-01

MEETING OF THE AD HOC TECHNICAL EXPERT GROUP ON ISLAND BIODIVERSITY:
13 December 2004 - 17 December 2004. Canary Islands, Spain. This meeting is organized by the CBD Secretariat. The dates are tentative. For more information contact: CBD Secretariat; tel: +1-514-288-2220; fax: +1-514-288-6588; e-mail: secretariat@biodiv.org; Internet: http://www.biodiv.org/doc/meeting.aspx?mtg=TEGIB-01

MEETING OF LIAISON GROUP ON CAPACITY-BUILDING FOR BIOSAFETY:
27 January 2005 - 28 January 2005. Montreal, Canada. This meeting is organized by the CBD Secretariat. The dates are tentative. For more information contact: CBD Secretariat; tel: +1-514-288-2220; fax: +1-514-288-6588; e-mail: secretariat@biodiv.org; Internet: http://www.biodiv.org/meetings/default.aspx

TENTH MEETING OF CBD’S SUBSIDIARY BODY ON SCIENTIFIC, TECHNICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL ADVICE:
7 February 2005 - 11 February 2005. Bangkok, Thailand. SBSTTA-10 is organized by the CBD Secretariat. The dates are tentative. For more information contact: CBD Secretariat; tel: +1-514-288-2220; fax: +1-514-288-6588; e-mail: secretariat@biodiv.org; Internet: http://www.biodiv.org/meetings/default.aspx

THIRD MEETING OF THE AD HOC OPEN-ENDED WORKING GROUP ON ACCESS AND BENEFIT-SHARING:
14 February 2005 - 18 February 2005. Bangkok, Thailand. This meeting is organized by the CBD Secretariat. The dates are tentative. For more information contact: CBD Secretariat; tel: +1-514-288-2220; fax: +1-514-288-6588; e-mail: secretariat@biodiv.org; Internet: http://www.biodiv.org/doc/meeting.aspx?mtg=ABSWG-03

THIRD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE: BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION AS A WAY OF LIFE:
21 February 2005 - 26 February 2005. Sabah, Malaysia. This conference is organized by the Institute for Tropical Biology and Conservation. For more information contact: Bornean Biodiversity and Ecosystem Conservation; fax: +60-088-320291; e-mail: bbec@sabah.gov.my; Internet: http://www.bbec.sabah.gov.my/overall/1stannouncement2005.htm

MEETING OF COMPLIANCE COMMITTEE UNDER THE CARTAGENA PROTOCOL ON BIOSAFETY:
14 March 2005 - 16 March 2005. Montreal, Canada. This meeting is organized by the CBD Secretariat. The dates are tentative. For more information contact: CBD Secretariat; tel: +1-514-288-2220; fax: +1-514-288-6588; e-mail: secretariat@biodiv.org; Internet: http://www.biodiv.org/meetings/default.aspx

MEETING OF THE OPEN-ENDED TECHNICAL EXPERT GROUP ON IDENTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS OF LIVING MODIFIED ORGANISMS INTENDED FOR DIRECT USE AS FOOD OR FEED, OR FOR PROCESSING (ARTICLE 18.2(A)):
16 March 2005 - 18 March 2005. Montreal, Canada. This meeting is organized by the CBD Secretariat. The dates are tentative. For more information contact: CBD Secretariat; tel: +1-514-288-2220; fax: +1-514-288-6588; e-mail: secretariat@biodiv.org; Internet: http://www.biodiv.org/meetings/default.aspx

MEETING OF CBD’S AD HOC TECHNICAL EXPERT GROUP ON GAPS AND INCONSISTENCIES IN THE INTERNATIONAL REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS ON INVASIVE ALIEN SPECIES:
16 May 2005 - 20 May 2005. Auckland, New Zealand. This meeting is organized by the CBD Secretariat. The dates are tentative. For more information contact: CBD Secretariat; tel: +1-514-288-2220; fax: +1-514-288-6588; e-mail: secretariat@biodiv.org; Internet: http://www.biodiv.org/meetings/default.aspx

FIRST MEETING OF THE AD HOC OPEN-ENDED WORKING GROUP ON LIABILITY AND REDRESS UNDER THE BIOSAFETY PROTOCOL:
8 June 2005 - 10 June 2005. Montreal, Canada. This meeting is organized by the CBD Secretariat. The dates are tentative. For more information contact: CBD Secretariat; tel: +1-514-288-2220; fax: +1-514-288-6588; e-mail: secretariat@biodiv.org; Internet: http://www.biodiv.org/meetings/default.aspx

SECOND MEETING OF THE CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES TO THE CBD SERVING AS THE MEETING OF THE PARTIES TO THE CARTAGENA PROTOCOL ON BIOSAFETY:
13 June 2005 - 17 June 2005. Montreal, Canada. The Cartagena Protocol COP/MOP-2 is organized by the CBD Secretariat. The dates are tentative. For more information contact: CBD Secretariat; tel: +1-514-288-2220; fax: +1-514-288-6588; e-mail: secretariat@biodiv.org; Internet: http://www.biodiv.org/meetings/default.aspx

Climate, energy and atmosphere

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENERGY FOR DEVELOPMENT:
12 December 2004 - 14 December 2004. Noordwijk, the Netherlands. The Dutch government is hosting this high-profile event, organized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment, and in close collaboration with the World Bank, UNDP and the World Business Council on Sustainable Development. The conference will address investment needs in the energy sector, barriers to investment and ways of overcoming them. It aims to put energy more firmly on the development agenda and to explore the contributions that can be made by the various local and international stakeholders. For more information contact: Secretariat Energy for Development; tel: +31-70-339-1812; fax: +31-70-339-1306; e-mail: projectteam@energyfordevelopment.org; Internet: http://www.energyfordevelopment.org

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY PROGRAMME EVALUATION CONFERENCE:
17 August 2005 - 19 August 2005. New York, USA. The International Energy Programme Evaluation Conference (IEPEC) is a biennial professional conference for energy programme specialists. In 2005, the Conference will take as its theme, “Reducing Uncertainty through Evaluation,” providing a forum for presenting and discussing new research and objective evaluations of energy programmes. For more information contact: Cara Lee Mahany Braithwait, Conference Organizer; tel: +1-608-231-2266; fax: +1-608-231-1365; e-mail: samb@LRCA.com; Internet: http://www.iepec.org/

Forests, deserts, land

UNFF COUNTRY-LED INITIATIVE ON IAF:
25 January 2005 - 28 January 2005. Mexico. Mexico proposed hosting this country-led initiative during the September 2004 meeting of the Ad Hoc Expert Group on Consideration with a view to Recommending the Parameters of a Mandate for Developing a Legal Framework on all Types of Forests (AHEG-PARAM). The meeting is expected to continue discussing the future of the international arrangement on forests (IAF) in preparation for the fifth session of the UN Forum on Forests in May 2005. For more information contact: Jorge Illueca, UNFF Secretariat; tel: +1-212-963-3160; fax: +1-917-367-3186; e-mail: Illueca@un.org; Internet: http://www.un.org/esa/forests/

Organizations

IES SEMINAR: DOES THE EU LEAD EUROPE ON ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY? SUPRANATIONALISM AND INTERGOVERNMENTALISM IN REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL COOPERATION:
13 November 2004. Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels. Organized by ECOSPHERE, the European Centre for Sustainable Policies on Human and Environmental Rights, in cooperation with the Institute for European Studies of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel and the Centre for Comparative Regional Integration Studies of the United Nations University, this event seeks to address and discuss the lessons and challenges of regional environmental cooperation in the wider Europe and of interaction between supranational and intergovernmental modes of cooperation and integration. For more information contact: Secretariat; e-mail: ies@vub.ac.be; Internet: http://www.ies.be/activities/041113-info.html

ONE-DAY SEMINAR ON EC FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES AND FOUR-DAY INTENSIVE TRAINING COURSE ON SUBMITTING AND MANAGING EC PROJECTS: 18 November 2004 - 2 December 2004. Budapest, Hungary. A one-day seminar on EC funding opportunities will take place on 18 November, and a four day international training course for junior project managers on EC project development will take place from 29 November to 2 December. For more information contact: Judit Gabosy; tel: +36-1-250-6703; fax: +36-1-436-9038; e-mail: training@geonardo.hu; Internet: http://www.eucenter.org/training/training.php

FIFTH MINISTERIAL CONFERENCE ON ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC:
24 March 2005 - 29 March 2005. Seoul, Republic of Korea. This Ministerial Conference is organized by UNESCAP, UNEP, the World Bank, and Asia Development Bank. For more information contact: ESCAP; tel: +66-2-288-1234; fax: +66-2-288-1000; e-mail: escap-esdd@un.org; Internet: http://www.unescap.org/

Trade, investment, finance in sustainable development

WORKSHOP ON FINANCIAL SYSTEMS AND MOBILIZATION OF RESOURCES IN AFRICA:
1 November 2004 - 3 November 2004. Nairobi, Kenya. This UN Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) workshop aims to review critical issues facing African Policy makers in mobilizing resources to finance development. For more information contact: Nii Wallace-Bruce, Co-ordinator, Economic Commission on Africa; tel: +251-1-445-789; fax: +251-1-510-389; e-mail: wallace-bruce@un.org; Internet: http://www.uneca.org/eca_programmes/policy_analysis/announcements/workshop.pdf

Water, wetlands, oceans, coasts

SEMINAR ON THE ROLE OF ECOSYSTEMS AS WATER SUPPLIERS:
13 December 2004 - 14 December 2004. Geneva, Switzerland. Prepared by the Swiss Agency for the Environment, Forests and Landscape and the UNECE Secretariat of the Water Convention, in cooperation with the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, this Seminar will develop recommendations to promote integrated policies and strategies to be presented at CSD-13 and submitted for adoption to the Parties to the Water Convention at their fourth meeting in 2006. The Seminar is also expected to foster the development of concrete joint activities at international, regional, transboundary, national and local levels, and to be considered at the ninth meeting of the Conference of the Contracting Parties to the Ramsar Convention in November 2005. For more information contact: Water Convention Secretariat, UNECE; tel: +41-22-917-2373; fax: +41-22-917-0107; e-mail: water.convention@unece.org; Internet: http://www.unece.org/env/water/
 

Linkages is provided by the International Institute for Sustainable Development, publishers of the Earth Negotiations Bulletin.
It is designed to be an electronic clearing-house for information on past and upcoming international meetings
related to environment and development policy.