LINKAGES UPDATE - an e-update of new additions to IISD’s Linkages website - 6 October 2004

UPCOMING AND ONGOING MEETINGS COVERED BY THE ENB


 13th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora(CITES COP-13): Bangkok, 2-14 October.
 Second session of the Preparatory Committee for the Further Development of a Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management(SAICM PC-2): Nairobi, 4-8 October.
 Informal consultations on the Mauritius International Meeting on SIDS: New York, 7, 8, 11 October.
 Second session of the Preparatory Committee meeting for the World Conference on Disaster Reduction (WCDR PC2): Geneva, 11-12 October.
 UNEP’s Global Women’s Assembly on Environment (WAVE): Nairobi, 11-13 October.
 7th Conference of the Parties to the Basel Convention (Basel COP-7): Geneva, 25-29 October.
 

RECENT MEETINGS COVERED BY THE ENB


Photos: LEFT: Niek van der Graaff, Joint Executive Secretary (FAO), in consultation with Secretariat staff; RIGHT: Phillipe Roch, COP President and State Secretary, Director, Swiss Agency for the Environment, Forests, and Landscape, thanks Jim Willis, Joint Executive Secretary (UNEP), for his work and contribution to the global chemicals management regime.
 
ROTTERDAM CONVENTION CONVENES FIRST CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES
20-24 September 2004 | Geneva, Switzerland
The first Conference of the Parties to the Rotterdam Convention (COP-1) was held from 20-24 September 2004, in Geneva. Immediately preceding COP-1, the eleventh session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee for an International Legally Binding Instrument for the Application of the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade (INC-11) was held on Saturday, 18 September 2004, in Geneva. Over 534 participants representing more than 135 governments and a number of intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations and United Nations agencies attended the sessions.

The prior informed consent (PIC) procedure aims to promote shared responsibility between exporting and importing countries in protecting human health and the environment from the harmful effects of the trade of certain hazardous chemicals. The Rotterdam Convention was adopted in September 1998, and entered into force on 24 February 2004.

At INC-11, delegates agreed to add tetraethyl lead, tetramethyl lead and parathion to the interim PIC Procedure, but did not reach consensus on the addition of chrysotile asbestos. COP-1 successfully adopted all the decisions required to make the legally binding PIC Procedure operational. Delegates addressed procedural issues and other decisions associated with the entry into force of the Convention and the setting up of the COP and subsidiary bodies. As part of this work, COP-1 took decisions on: composition of the PIC regions; inclusion of chemicals added to the interim PIC Procedure in Annex III; adoption of financial rules and provisions for the COP, subsidiary bodies, and the Secretariat; establishment of the Chemical Review Committee (CRC); cooperation with the World Trade Organization (WTO); settlement of disputes; and the location of the Secretariat. Click here for the Earth Negotiations Bulletin coverage of this meeting.
 

WORKSHOP FOCUSES ON FINANCING FOR TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER
27-29 September | Montreal, Canada
A UN workshop has initiated discussions between government officials and representatives from the private sector on innovative options for financing the transfer of climate-friendly technologies to developing countries. The UNFCCC workshop on innovative options for financing the development and transfer of technologies brought together public and private sector participants to share their perspectives on financing technology transfer.

The first event of its kind to examine this topic in the context of the UNFCCC, the workshop included sessions on the experiences of the financial sector, current practices and lessons learned in development finance, and ongoing initiatives for innovative thinking. It concluded with a session assessing the workshop’s outcomes and possible ways to move forward. The outcomes of the workshop will be taken up by the UNFCCC’s Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) and its Expert Group on Technology Transfer (EGTT) in December 2004 in Buenos Aires. Click here for the Earth Negotiations Bulletin report.
 

CONFERENCE ELABORATES ON THE POTENTIAL, CONCEPTS AND TOOLS NEEDED TO IMPLEMENT ECOAGRICULTURE
27 September to 1 October | Nairobi, Kenya
Ecoagriculture Partners, a partnership announced during the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development, recently organized an International Ecoagriculture Conference and Practitioners’ Fair. The meeting brought together over 200 innovators in ecoagriculture from diverse sectors. Participants reviewed evidence of the social, cultural, economic, environmental, institutional, technical, geographic and political characteristics of successful ecoagriculture initiatives, shared experiences, built new partnerships, and elaborated a number of specific recommendations for action to further the concepts and tools needed to implement ecoagriculture.

Delegates also developed
the
Nairobi Declaration on Ecoagriculture, which underscores the need for an ecoagriculture framework that seeks to simultaneously achieve improved livelihoods, biodiversity conservation and sustainable production at a landscape scale. The Sustainable Developments reportof this meeting.

RECENT MEETINGS


COMMITTEE ON WORLD FOOD SECURITY ADOPTS VOLUNTARY GUIDELINES ON RIGHT TO ADEQUATE FOOD
20-23 September 2004 | Rome, Italy
The 30th session of the FAO Committee on World Food Security considered and adopted the Final Report of the Intergovernmental Working Group (IGWG) on the Elaboration of Voluntary Guidelines for the Progressive Realization of the Right to Adequate Food in the Context of National Food Security. The adoption of the Guidelines comes after two years of negotiations in the IGWG and represents the “first time that an intergovernmental body agrees on what the right to food really means,” according to Giuliano Pucci, FAO Legal Counsel. More.


WTO RESUMES AGRICULTURE TALKS
24 September 2004 | Geneva, Switzerland
Negotiators have restarted discussions on agricultural issues in late September following their success in getting the Doha trade round back on track in early August. An informal meeting held on 24 September picked up from where the intense discussions held a few weeks earlier left off, with preliminary discussions on technical matters. New Zealander Tim Groser, who chairs the WTO’s Committee on Agriculture negotiating group, brought together delegates in Geneva to kick-start a resumption of talks. Further informal talks are slated to take place in the first half of October. Agricultural subsidies are one of the most controversial and sensitive issues on the WTO’s agenda. More.
 

MDG SPOTLIGHT


FUTURE ASIA PACIFIC LEADERS PLEDGE TO PURGE POVERTY AND PROMOTE PEACE

21 September 2004 | Hiroshima, Japan

Youth from the Asia-Pacific region gathered recently for a three day summit to discuss how they can contribute to addressing poverty, HIV/AIDS, environmental degradation and other urgent challenges facing their region. Organized by UNDP, the UN Millennium Campaign and the Global Peace Initiative of Women, the Pan-Asian Youth Leadership Summit convened under the theme of “Mobilizing the Next Generation for Achieving the Millennium Development Goals.” At the conclusion of the summit, youth delegates adopted a Declaration that called on the leaders of regional governmental organizations to provide them with the opportunity “to present our vision for 2015 to them and ask for their guidance and support in enabling the nations and peoples of Asia and the pacific to achieve the Goals by 2015.” More.


DRAFT GLOBAL PLAN TO ACHIEVE MDGS OPEN FOR PUBLIC COMMENT
A preliminary draft of the UN Millennium Project’s final report is available for public comment. The current chapters address topics such as the MDGs and global development, who’s on track and who’s not in meeting the MDGs, the roles of public investment, good governance and the private sector, challenges of scaling-up, and the special needs of various regions. The report also provides an analytical framework that looks at where and how investment, growth and poverty come into play. The draft report is based on the interim reports issued by the ten task forces overseen by the Millennium Project. The final report will be submitted to the UN Secretary-General in January 2005 as part of a larger UN review on the progress towards achieving internationally-agreed development goals. Comments on the draft should be submitted by 1 November 2004. The draft.

LINKAGES UPDATE


Linkages Update is our means of keeping you informed of what’s new on IISD Reporting Services' Linkages website. This page is updated on a fortnightly basis, while the website continually posts new information provided by our contributing writers. If you wish to submit relevant materials or subscribe to Linkages Update, e-mail prisna@iisd.org.

Linkages provides updates on:
 Recent meetings
 Upcoming meetings
 
Media reports
 Key publications, online resource
 Comings and goings

Click here for the online version and archives of Linkages Update.
 

COMINGS AND GOINGS


Appointments and departures

NEW DIRECTOR BEGINS WORK AT GEF OFFICE OF MONITORING AND EVALUATION
Robert D. van den Berg took up his position at the Global Environment Facility as the Director of Monitoring and Evaluation in Washington, D.C on 7 September 2004. Van den Berg comes to the GEF from the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, where he worked for 24 years in various positions within development cooperation and other policy domains.


FORMER PRESIDENT OF COSTA RICA TO ASSUME WSSCC CHAIR
José Maria Figueres, a former President of Costa Rica, will assume the Chairmanship of the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC). Figueres, who also serves as CEO of the World Economic Forum, will succeed Jan Pronk, who was recently appointed UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan’s Special Representative in the Sudan. The official handover of the Chairmanship from Sir Richard Jolly to Figueres will occur during the Global WASH Forum, scheduled for 29 November to 3 December in Dakar, Senegal.

Vacancies

UNEP SEEKS SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION AND PRODUCTION STRATEGY PROGRAMME OFFICER
UNEP is looking to hire a Programme Officer to initiate, develop and lead projects on sustainable consumption and production strategies. P-3; Paris; deadline is 26 November.

UNEP SEEKS PROGRAMME OFFICER FOR INTER-AGENCY COOPERATION AND COORDINATION

UNEP is looking to hire a Programme Officer to be responsible for ensuring effective inter-agency cooperation and coordination in the environment field. P-3; New York; due 22 November.

UNEP HIRING DIRECTOR, INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY CENTER

UNEP is hiring a Director for its International Environmental Technology Center. D-1; Osaka; due 19 November.

SECRETARY OF UNSCEAR OPENING

The United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR) is seeking a Director. D-1; Vienna; deadline is 19 November.

UNEP DEWA SEEKS HEAD OF SCIENCE AND TECHNICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS

UNEP Division of Early Warning and Assessment is looking to hire a Head of Science Data and Technical Information Systems. P-5; Nairobi; due 2 November.

UNEP SEEKS PROGRAMME OFFICER FOR CIVIL SOCIETY MATTERS

UNEP is hiring a Programme Officer to assist in improving its policy information delivery to civil society. P-3; Nairobi; due 25 October.

CIRCUMPOLAR YOUNG LEADERS PROGRAM OFFERING FOUR ARCTIC COUNCIL INTERNATIONAL INTERNSHIPS
Four international internship opportunities are available for people living in or originally from, the Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Yukon, and northern Quebec and Labrador. Deadline for applications is 25 October 2004.

THREE WWF-MALAYSIA OPENINGS IN MANAGEMENT, SPECIES AND FORESTRY
WWF-Malaysia is seeking candidates who have seniority, experience, drive and determination to work in: Management (Technical), Species, and Forestry. Positions are based in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah and Petaling Jaya. Deadline: 6 October.

Click here for complete postingson appointments, departures and vacancies.
 

 

MEDIA REPORTS


Intergovernmental orgs

JAMAICA TO CHAIR G-77 IN 2005
Jamaica has been elected to Chair the Group of 77 and China next year. Jamaica’s assumption of the group’s leadership comes at a critical year in the international arena, as 2005 will witness the comprehensive review of progress made towards achieving major international development agreements. More.

Oceans

NGOs URGE UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY TO ADOPT MORATORIUM ON HIGH SEAS BOTTOM TRAWLING
A coalition of environmental and conservation organizations has called on the United Nations General Assembly to secure a moratorium on high seas bottom trawling in order to protect seamounts, coldwater corals and vulnerable deep-sea ecosystems. More.

Biodiversity

CITES UPDATE: AFRICA’S WILDLIFE ON THE SPOTLIGHT, IVORY MARKET IN THE US, LAW ENFORCEMENT NETWORK TO BE ESTABLISHED IN SOUTHEAST ASIA
Proposals to amend the Appendices are often the highlight of the CITES COP. The current 13th COP, which is taking place in Bangkok, will consider proposals on such species as the humphead wrasse, great white shark, irrawaddy dolphin, ramin and yew trees, Southern white rhinoceros, yellow-crested cockatoo, minke whale and the African lion and elephant. This media story spotlights the situation concerning elephants. More.

Forests

BRAZILIAN CONGRESS TO CONSIDER CONTROVERSIAL PLAN FOR SUSTAINABLE USE OF AMAZON
A plan that would grant access to public land for sustainable use, initially for 30 years, is soon heading to the Brazilian Congress. More.
 


Climate and energy


RUSSIA TO RATIFY KYOTO PROTOCOL

Russia is close to ratifying the Kyoto Protocol after President Vladimir Putin and his entire cabinet signed-off on the treaty and forwarded it to parliament for its approval. Support from Russia’s legislators would mean the pact finally gains the weight of international law. More.

BERLIN BATTLES BRUSSELS OVER CARBON TARGETS
The European Commission is in dispute with Germany over Berlin’s plans to curb its emissions of greenhouse gases, according to news reports. More.

AUSTRALIA, U.S. ACCUSED OF VIOLATING EMISSIONS OBLIGATIONS
The US and Australia may be violating a major international treaty to protect the world’s heritage sites because they are failing to curb greenhouse gas emissions, according to a legal opinion issued by conservation groups.
More.

RISE IN DISASTER DAMAGE ALARMS EXPERTS
An increase in natural disasters and a surge in the number of people vulnerable to their impact constitute a major global threat, according to a senior UN official. More.

Sustainable development

NEW FAO-UAE COLLABORATION TO BENEFIT MIDDLE EAST FARMERS
The FAO and the United Arab Emirates announced in August a five-year plan through which the Internet-based resources of the UAE’s Agriculture Information Centre will expand, in coordination with the FAO’s World Agriculture Information Centre, to become a resource for the entire Middle East region. More.
 


Human development

WORLD HABITAT DAY UNDERSCORES INTERDEPENDENCE OF CITIES AND RURAL AREAS
World Habitat Day was celebrated around the globe on 4 October under the theme “Cities-Engines of Rural Development.” More.

Trade, finance and investment in sustainable development

AFRICAN HOPES FRUSTRATED AT IMF/WORLD BANK ANNUAL MEETING
African countries’ hopes to increase their influence in the Bretton Woods Institutions, and to seal a deal on debt relief were left unfulfilled at the joint annual meeting of the two organizations. More.

TRADE LIBERALIZATION NOT ENOUGH, SAYS REPORT
Trade liberalization by itself is no panacea for Africa’s poverty and underdevelopment problems, according to a new report. More.

CAMPAIGN FOR TOP TRADE JOB HEATS UP
The campaign for Director-General of the World Trade Organization, which will fall vacant in August 2005, has begun in earnest with at least two candidates throwing their names into the ring.
More.

WEST AFRICAN STATES FORM NEW MONETARY ZONE; JAPAN, MEXICO SIGN TRADE PACT
Five countries from West Africa have inked a deal to create a regional monetary zone by July 2005. In other news, Mexico and Japan have signed a free trade deal.
More.

KEY PUBLICATIONS AND ONLINE RESOURCES


Sustainable development

SIDSNET PACIFIC ONLINE
SIDSnet Pacific is the global network for small island developing States in the Pacific region. This website, which updates and replaces the Pacific WSSD site, provides SIDS-specific information and resources in the lead up to the International Meeting on the 10-year review of the Barbados Programme of Action on the sustainable development of SIDS.

FOOD SUBSIDIES IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: COSTS, BENEFITS, AND POLICY OPTIONS
(Published for IFPRI by Johns Hopkins University Press, September 2004) This 24-chapter book, edited by Per Pinstrup-Andersen, considers: food consumption and nutritional effects and macroeconomic and trade implications of consumer-oriented subsidies; the effectiveness of consumer-oriented food subsidies in reaching rationing and income transfer goals; the distribution of costs for explicit vs. implicit subsidies; political calculations for subsidizing food; and income-augmenting interventions and food self-sufficiency for enhancing food consumption among the poor. It presents results for country studies in Egypt, India, the Philippines, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Brazil, Mexico, and Zambia. In his concluding chapter, Pinstrup-Andersen notes that “Based on the evidence presented in this book, it may be concluded that consumer food subsidies, if properly designed and implemented, may be very effective in reducing the insecurity of access to food at the household level by making fixed rations available at predetermined prices.” The design and implementation of the programme will determine whether this is achieved, however, with household targeting, based on incomes of households adjusted for size and composition, and private distribution among the factors credited with leading to more effective programmes.

THE IMPACT OF AIDS

(DESA, September 2004) Prepared by DESA’s Population Division, this report indicates that the AIDS epidemic will continue to have devastating consequences for decades to come for virtually every sector of society. The report documents the impacts of HIV/AIDS on: population size and growth and national mortality levels; families and households; agricultural sustainability; business; the health sector; education, and economic growth.

REALITY OF AID 2004 REPORT: FOCUS ON GOVERNANCE AND HUMAN RIGHTS
(Reality of Aid, April 2004) This NGO report explores the theme of governance and human rights in development cooperation and illustrates how governance conditionality can be used as a tool to “open up markets and impose policies that entrench inequitable distribution of power and resources.” The report begins with a political overview and continues with chapters focusing on aid trends in different regions. It highlights: the risk that aid is being diverted from the overriding necessity of eliminating poverty for the many to the promoting security for the few; the continued domination of global political and economic mechanisms by OECD countries, especially G8 donors and very particularly, the United States; and the interpretation of governance and human rights by OECD donors to mean whatever they want them to mean. This publication was first launched in April 2004 and is now being made available online.

LEARNING IN PARTNERSHIPS: IMPROVING LEARNING BETWEEN NORTHERN AND SOUTHERN NGOS
(British Overseas NGOs for Development, July 2004) This paper is designed to “demystify the ‘learning organization’, enabling development practitioners to feel more confident about taking simple and practical steps towards becoming better learners, as organizations and in partnerships. This paper is useful for anyone working in development who wants to explore the dynamic of partnership relations and their influence on learning.” The first part of the paper focuses on learning opportunities and challenges presented by North-South NGO partnerships, covering issues such as how to design projects to explicitly facilitate learning, develop systems of measurement and accountability, and recognize and address power differentials. The second part of the paper addresses factors that facilitate and inhibit partnership working, including the importance of negotiating the purposes and principles of partnership and clearly defining expectations, rights and responsibilities. The paper concludes that “Action is necessary at all levels, with all stakeholders needing to share responsibility for making institutional and partnership environments more conducive to learning.”
 


Climate, energy and atmosphere

SUSTAINABLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN AFRICA
(UNDESA, May 2004) Stephen Karekezi, Jennifer Wangeci and Ezekiel Manyara of African Energy Policy Research Network authored this paper, which addresses energy consumption at the household level and in the agriculture and transport sectors in Africa. It also examines energy consumption at the subregional levels of North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa, and in South Africa, highlighting differences in consumption patterns and presenting the case for a differentiated approach to sustainable energy consumption options. The paper concludes with a range of policy options that could assist in the promotion of sustainable energy consumption in Africa and offers a chart that organizes the options according to subregional priorities. Actions that are priorities in all subregions include: efficient energy use at the household level; improved data collection on energy use in the agriculture sector; greater use of other renewable energy resources and technologies (excluding biomass) in the agriculture sector; regulatory measures in the transport sector; and energy efficiency in the transport sector. This paper served as a background paper for the Regional Conference on Sustainable Consumption in Africa held in Morocco in May 2004, co-organized by DESA, UNEP and the Government of Morocco.

THE COST OF SECTORAL DIFFERENTIATION: THE CASE OF THE EU EMISSIONS TRADING SCHEME

(CICERO, 2004) This new working paper from Steffen Kallbekken examines the likely economic impacts of the new EU emissions trading scheme, noting that the EU scheme and Kyoto Protocol are likely to impose different commitments on various sectors of the economy as a result of political considerations and other factors. Kallbekken finds that sectoral differentiation will at least triple the cost of implementing climate policy, with only “limited benefits” even for those sectors that are granted concessions. The report appears to provide further ammunition for those arguing in favor of a comprehensive trading scheme that does not differentiate between sectors.

IN PURSUIT OF THE FUTURE – 25 YEARS OF IEA RESEARCH TOWARDS THE REALIZATION OF HYDROGEN ENERGY SYSTEMS
(IEA, 2004) The International Energy Agency has produced a publication on the work of its Hydrogen Implementing Agreement, which has collaborated on international research and development activities since 1977. Reviewing advances in the area, it notes progress in hydrogen’s growing potential as a source of energy, and considers how hydrogen-related technology may develop in the future. The IEA is also planning a new publicationreviewing national research and development programmes on hydrogen and fuel cells.

TYNDALL CENTRE FOR CLIMATE CHANGE RESEARCH WORKING PAPERS
Working Papers from the Tyndall Centre are now available online. The documents address a range of topics, including: Modeling innovation and threshold effects in climate change mitigation; Social simulation of the public perceptions of weather events and their effect upon the development of belief in anthropogenic climate change; Creating an index of social vulnerability to climate change for Africa; Developing regional and local scenarios for climate change mitigation and adaptation; the Announcement Effect and environmental taxation; Fuel Cells for a Sustainable Future?; and Restructuring our electricity networks to promote decarbonization. The Tyndall Centre brings together scientists, economists, engineers and social scientists, who together develop sustainable responses to climate change through trans-disciplinary research and dialogue on both a national and international level.

Forests, deserts, land

ANNUAL REVIEW AND ASSESSMENT OF THE WORLD TIMBER SITUATION, 2003
(ITTO, August 2004) This review is produced by the Secretariat of the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO). It compiles international statistics on global timber production and trade, with an emphasis on the tropics. It uses information submitted by ITTO member countries, through the Joint Forest Sector Questionnaire, as its primary data source. The review is divided into sections on market developments, production, trade and prices of primary products, secondary processed wood products, and country notes.
 


Trade, finance and investment in SD

WORLD TRADE REPORT
(WTO, September 2004) The 2004 World Trade Report considers recent trends in world trade, as well as the impact of national policies on trade patterns. Published by the World Trade Organization, the report argues strongly for coherence in policy formulation, observing that inconsistent positions can hurt valuable trading opportunities. The report also includes essays examining topical trade issues, including the question of “non-reciprocal trade preferences” used by industrialized nations to assist countries in the developing world. A second essay considers the potential gains in the service sector from allowing the temporary cross-country movement of people with relevant skills, while another essay focuses on the thorny question of “geographical indications” – such as wines or spirits that are identified with a particular region – and how strongly such property rights should be protected.

2003/2004 AFRICAN ECONOMIC OUTLOOK
(OECD, September 2004) Prepared by the OECD Development Centre and the African Development Bank, the African Economic Outlook provides an annual assessment of economic and social developments in African countries, based on data for the 22 most significant African economies. According to the publication, Africa has witnessed relatively good economic progress in the last year, despite slow global economic growth. However it notes that under current scenarios, Sub-Saharan Africa will likely not attain the most of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and that half of the continent is behind on the hunger target and farther behind on the education and health targets. Only Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, and Mauritius are on track for achieving the poverty-related target. With its special focus on “Energy Supply and Poverty,” this edition of the report examines ways in which improvements in energy supply can contribute to poverty alleviation and achieving the MDGs.

Water, wetlands, oceans, coasts

US COMMISSION ON OCEAN POLICY - AN OCEAN BLUEPRINT FOR THE 21ST CENTURY
The US Commission on Ocean Policy, the federally-appointed body charged with reviewing the status of America’s oceans and U.S. ocean policy, has released its final report - An Ocean Blueprint for the 21st Century. The report offers 212 recommendations to transform US ocean policy, including calls for a new governance framework, more investment in marine science, and a new stewardship ethic by all Americans.

REEFS AT RISK IN THE CARIBBEAN

(WRI, September 2004) According to a new report by the World Resources Institute, nearly two-thirds of coral reefs in the Caribbean are threatened by human activities. Much of the evidence was provided by the WRI’s Reefs at Risk Threat Index, which uses geographic information system (GIS) data to determine reef degradation from four primary sources. This includes coastal developments such as sewage discharge, water-based sediment and pollution coming from fertilizers from farms, marine-based pollution such as those coming from discharges from cruise ships, and over-fishing. Noting that goods and services from reefs brought in an annual net economic value in 2000 between US$3.1-4.6 billion from fisheries, dive tourism, fisheries and shoreline protection, the report focuses on ways all consumers can preserve the reefs.

THE UNDERSTANDING OF WATER IN THE ARAB COUNTRIES OF THE MIDDLE EAST - A FOUR COUNTRY ANALYSIS

(Heinrich Böll Foundation, September 2004) This paper summarizes the main challenges facing strategic and coordinated action towards the UN concept of water as a human right. It also identifies what types of processes and institutions needs to be developed to meet the challenges of the concept, and provides best practice examples from countries that have shown innovation, including Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and the Palestinian Authority.

NEW UPCOMING MEETINGS


Announcements: Change of dates

THIRD MEETING OF THE ISP: 2 December 2004 - 4 December 2004. Bali, Indonesia. The third meeting of the high-level open-ended intergovernmental working group for the intergovernmental strategic plan for technology support and capacity-building will be held in Bali, Indonesia from 2-4 December 2004, with informals taking place prior to the meeting on 1 December. For more information contact: UNEP; tel: +1-212-963-8210; fax: +1-212-963-7341; e-mail: info@nyo.unep.org; Internet: http://www.unep.org/ieg/Meetings.asp

CRIC-3:
27 April 2005 - 6 May 2005. Bonn, Germany. The third session of the CCD’s Committee for the Review of the Implementation of the Convention (CRIC-3) is scheduled to convene from 27 April to 6 May 2005 in Bonn, Germany. For more information contact: UNCCD Secretariat; tel: +49-228-815-2802; fax: +49-228-815-2898; e-mail: secretariat@unccd.int; Internet: http://www.unccd.int/main.php

ITTC-38:
21 June 2005 - 23 June 2005. Brazzaville, Republic of Congo. The 38th Session of the International Tropical Timber Council (ITTC) and Associated Sessions of the Committees will convene in Brazzaville, Republic of Congo in June 2005. For more information contact: Manoel Sobral Filho, Executive Director, ITTO; e-mail: itto@itto.or.jp; Internet: http://www.itto.or.jp/live/PageDisplayHandler?pageId=189

 Click here for a complete listing of upcoming meetings


The following are upcoming meetings recently added to Linkages website:

Sustainable development

FOURTH MEETING OF THE INTERNATIONAL FORUM FOR SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT: 5 October 2004 - 6 October 2004. New York, US. This meeting will consider “Equity, inequalities and interdependence.” On 6 October, UNDESA is organizing an informal open debate, which will convene from 3:00-6:00 pm in Conference Room 1 at UN Headquarters. Dumisani Kumalo, Chair of the 43rd session of the Commission for Social Development, will chair the debate, which will be moderated by José Antonio Ocampo, Under-Secretary-General, DESA. For more information contact: Division for Social Policy and Development; tel: +1-917-367-5740; Internet: http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/IFSD/4thmeeting.htm

AUTUMN LECTURE SERIES ON THE EU AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL DIMENSIONS: 12 October 2004 - 14 December 2004. Brussels, Belgium. This series of meetings are organized by the Institute for European Studies and the Department of Human Ecology of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, in cooperation with the Flemish Environment and Nature Council. The lectures will cover topics such as: The EU Sustainable Development Strategy: A First Assessment 3 Years After Göteborg; Sustainable Development and Political Union; Global Sustainable Development and Multilateralism: Towards a Partnership between Japan and the EU?; The EU’s Global Leadership on Sustainable Development: Myth or Reality?”; The New Constitution: A Charter for Sustainable Development in Europe?; Achievements and Challenges for National Sustainable Development Strategies in the EU: A Governance Perspective; The EU Sustainable Development Strategy: The Role of the Private Sector; Democratization, Economic Transition and Sustainable Development: A Perspective from the EU’s New Member States and Neighbors; and Promoting Sustainable Development: Belgium’s Role in the EU and the UN. For more information contact: Institute for European Studies; tel: +32-2-629-1222; fax: +32-2-629-1809; e-mail: ies@vub.ac.be; Internet: http://www.ies.be/

TERRA MADRE WORLD MEETING OF FOOD COMMUNITIES:
20 October 2004 - 23 October 2004. Turin, Italy. This conference is being organized by the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements. It aims to promote food security in ways that respect the environment, defend human dignity, and protect the health of consumers. For more information contact: Terra Madre, Slow Food; tel: +39-0172-472-911; fax: +39-0172-472-912; e-mail: terramadre@slowfood.it; Internet: http://www.terramadre2004.org

INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR THE ERADICATION OF POVERTY:
17 October 2004. Worldwide. The 12th observance of the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty will seek to promote increased awareness of the need to eradicate poverty and achieve the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of halving the number of people living in poverty by 2015. Events at UN Headquarters in New York will include a gathering in the UN garden at the commemorative stone to honor victims of poverty and a panel discussion on the study “How poverty separates parents and children: A Challenge for Human Rights” will be held. See the website for commemorative events in other cities. For more information contact: Felice Llamas, UN Division for Social Policy for Development; tel: +1-212-963-2924; fax: +1-212-963-0111; Internet: http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/poverty/poverty_link3.htm

WORLD CONFERENCE ON ENERGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT – TECHNOLOGY ADVANCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES:
6 December 2004 - 9 December 2004. Cairo, Egypt. This conference seeks to provide a forum for discussions between energy experts, technology users and manufacturers/suppliers, decision makers and planners, and interested business for the near-term deployment of sustainable energy technologies and concepts, particularly in relation to the Middle East. The event is being organized by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and the Arab Academy for Science and Technology and Maritime Transport. For more information contact: Fuad Abulfotuh, Arab Academy; e-mail: mceet@link.net; Internet: http://www.aast.edu/mceet/confindex.htm

IRFD WORLD FORUM ON SMALL ISLAND DEVELOPING STATES: CHALLENGES, PROSPECTS AND INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT:
10 January 2005 - 14 January 2005. Port Louis, Mauritius. Organized by the International Research Foundation for Development, this Forum will be held as a side event during the International Meeting (IM) on the 10 Year Review of the Barbados Program of Action for the Sustainable Development of SIDS. In addition to contributing to the IM, this event seeks to mobilize the scientific community to engage in research, policy analysis, and design programs of action to solve major problems faced by SIDS on continuous basis, and to raise global public awareness on SIDS issues through research, education, and dissemination of new knowledge. Deadline for registration is 20 October 2004. Submissions for papers on key issues and challenges are also being sought and the deadline for submitting a presentation title and abstract is 20 October. For more information contact: International Research Foundation for Development; e-mail: sids@irfd.org; Internet: http://irfd.org/events/wfsids/

TIEMS 12TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE:
24 May 2005 - 27 May 2005. Faroe Islands. The principal theme of this conference will be: Critical Infrastructures and System Failure. Delegates will hear from international experts in Emergency Management and learn about the latest techniques, equipment and theories in the field. Organizers are inviting contributions in topics such as Transport Emergencies and Emergency Management Science. Submission of abstracts and workshop issues are due on 15 November 2004. For more information contact: Alan Jones, TIEMS Secretariat; tel: +44-77-1258-2409; e-mail: Alan.Jones@tiems.org; Internet: http://www.tiems.org/files/pdf/CfP_12th_Annual_TIEMS_Conference.pdf

15TH WORLD CONFERENCE ON DISASTER MANAGEMENT: 10 July 2005 - 13 July 2005. Toronto, Canada. This meeting will discuss “The Changing Face of Disaster Management - Defining the New Normal.” The conference programme includes speakers from many parts of the world and provides opportunities for training and networking among those who attend, including representatives from the Emergency Planning/Management, Emergency Response, Disaster Management Research, Environmental and Community Planning fields. For more information contact: Adrian Gordon; tel: +1-905-331-2552; e-mail: agordon@ccep.ca; Internet: http://www.wcdm.org/

15TH IFOAM ORGANIC WORLD CONGRESS:
19 September 2005 - 23 September 2005. Adelaide, Australia. This conference is being organized by the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) and the National Association for Sustainable Agriculture Australia. For more information contact: Jan Denham, Conference Coordinator; tel: +61-8-8339-7800; fax: +61-8-8339-7800; e-mail: ifoam2005@nasaa.com.au; Internet: http://www.nasaa.com.au/ifoam/

Biodiversity and wildlife

EIGHTH INTERNATIONAL WILDLIFE LAW CONFERENCE - INTERNATIONAL WILDLIFE LAW AND THE PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT:
19 November 2004 - 20 November 2004. New Orleans, Louisiana,, US. This year’s international wildlife law conference will focus on protection of the marine environment. Panels will address topics such as: cetaceans; environmental governance in international waters; international species conservation frameworks; ocean noise; invasive species; and coastal conservation and management. For more information contact: William C.G. Burns, Chair, American Society of International Law; tel: +1-650-281-9126; fax: +1-801-838-8710; e-mail: William_Burns@redlands.edu; Internet: http://www.internationalwildlifelaw.org/8IWLC.pdf

Chemicals management

IFCS FORUM V:
21 September 2006 - 29 September 2006. Budapest, Hungary. The fifth session of the Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical Safety is scheduled to take place from 21-29 September 2006 in Budapest, Hungary. For more information contact: IFCS Secretariat; tel: +41-22-791-3873; fax: +41-22-791-4875; e-mail: ifcs@who.ch; Internet: http://www.who.int/ifcs/Meetings/index.htm#forums

Climate, energy and atmosphere

ROUNDTABLE ON EMERGING ISSUES IN THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE CLIMATE AND TRADE REGIMES (CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION, ADAPTATION AND THE WTO):
14 October 2004. Geneva, Switzerland. Organized by the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD), this roundtable aims to examine the linkages between two major aspects of current global change - the processes of trade liberalisation and global warming. Presentations will explore the relationship between the climate change regime and trade rules, including the implications of the current Doha Round of trade negotiations. Discussions will seek to identify areas of potential synergies and conflict between the two sets of rules, and explore windows of opportunity for promoting sustainable development. The interaction between trade liberalisation with both climate change mitigation and adaptation will be addressed. For more information contact: Malena Sell; tel: +41-22-917-8492; fax: +41-22-917-8093; e-mail: msell@ictsd.ch; Internet: http://www.ictsd.org/dlogue/2004-10-14/invite-cc-and-trade.pdf

FIRST MINISTERIAL MEETING OF THE METHANE TO MARKETS PARTNERSHIP:
15 November 2004 - 17 November 2004. Washington, DC, US. The Methane to Markets Partnership is a new international initiative designed to promote cost-effective, near-term methane recovery internationally through partnerships between countries in coordination with the private sector, multilateral development banks, and other relevant NGOs. For more information contact: Conference Management Division; tel: +1-781-674-7374; fax: +1-781-674-2906; e-mail: meetings@erg.com; Internet: http://www.methanetomarkets.org/

WORLD CONFERENCE ON ENERGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT – TECHNOLOGY ADVANCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES:
6 December 2004 - 9 December 2004. Cairo, Egypt. This conference seeks to provide a forum for discussions between energy experts, technology users and manufacturers/suppliers, decision makers and planners, and interested business for the near-term deployment of sustainable energy technologies and concepts, particularly in relation to the Middle East. The event is being organized by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and the Arab Academy for Science and Technology and Maritime Transport. For more information contact: Fuad Abulfotuh, Arab Academy; e-mail: mceet@link.net; Internet: http://www.aast.edu/mceet/confindex.htm

CARBON MARKET INSIGHTS EVENT 2005:
1 March 2005 - 3 March 2005. Amsterdam, Netherlands. This annual event, which is organized by emissions consultancy Point Carbon, will provide a forum to discuss the latest developments in the carbon market, including the state of the Kyoto Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanism and Joint Implementation initiative, the EU’s emissions trading scheme, and other regional and national schemes. Participants will also be able to discuss the Kyoto Protocol’s second commitment period expected after 2012, and various pricing scenarios for the emerging carbon market. For more information contact: Point Carbon Organizing Committee; tel: +47-924-29-400; fax: +47-925-70-818; e-mail: conference@pointcarbon.com; Internet: http://www.pointcarbon.com/category.php?categoryID=286

CAIRO 9TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENERGY & ENVIRONMENT (EE9):
13 March 2005 - 19 March 2005. Cairo and Sharm El-Sheikh (Sinai Peninsula), Egypt. This conference will include technical paper presentations, keynote lectures, training sessions, poster sessions, panel discussions, open forum sessions as well as social events. For more information contact: Ralph H. Kummler, Interim Dean, College of Engineering, Wayne State University; tel: +1-313-577-3775; fax: +1-313-577-5300; e-mail: rkummler@chem1.eng.wayne.edu; Internet: http://ee9.sat-eng.com/index.htm

Forests, deserts, land

CRIC-3:
27 April 2005 - 6 May 2005. Bonn, Germany. The third session of the CCD’s Committee for the Review of the Implementation of the Convention (CRIC-3) is scheduled to convene from 27 April to 6 May 2005 in Bonn, Germany. For more information contact: UNCCD Secretariat; tel: +49-228-815-2802; fax: +49-228-815-2898; e-mail: secretariat@unccd.int; Internet: http://www.unccd.int/main.php

ITTC-39:
7 November 2005 - 12 November 2005. Yokohama, Japan. The 39th Session of the International Tropical Timber Council (ITTC) and Associated Sessions of the Committees will convene in Yokohama, Japan in November 2005. For more information contact: Manoel Sobral Filho, Executive Director, ITTO; e-mail: itto@itto.or.jp; Internet: http://www.itto.or.jp/live/PageDisplayHandler?pageId=189

Human development

INTER-REGIONAL CONFERENCE ON URBAN-RURAL LINKAGES:
1 October 2004 - 4 October 2004. Nairobi, Kenya. The conference is co-sponsored by UN-HABITAT, UNEP, the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), and the International Federation of Surveyors (FIG). The conference seeks to create and promote awareness among national economic and social development decision-makers and planners, their policy advisers and urban-rural development actors, of the need for enhancing the balanced territorial development of both rural and urban areas. For more information contact: Internet: http://www.unhabitat.org/whd/2004/urbanrural_overview.asp

GLOBAL WOMEN’S ASSEMBLY ON ENVIRONMENT: WOMEN AS THE VOICE FOR ENVIRONMENT (WAVE):
11 October 2004 - 13 October 2004. Nairobi, Kenya. This meeting will take place from 11-13 October 2004 in Nairobi, Kenya. For more information contact: Olivier Deleuze, UNEP; tel: +254-20-624-686; fax: +254-20-623-679; e-mail: Olivier.Deleuze@unep.org; Internet: http://www.unep.org/dpdl/cso/GWAE_background.asp

Intergovernmental Organizations

SEMINAR: NEW EUROPE - NEW BRUSSELS: NEW RULES, NEW GAMES:
27 October 2004 - 28 October 2004. Brussels, Belgium. This workshop seeks to provide insight and guidance to navigating through recent changes in public affairs brought on by the EU expansion. The workshop will: examine legal and institutional aspects of the Enlargement; identify key plans, priorities and stakeholders for each new Member State; focus on changes to current methods in �Working with the EU�; provide an opportunity to work on some topical group exercises; and introduce participants to representatives of the New Member States. For more information contact: tel: +32-2-737-7746; fax: +32-2-732-7525; e-mail: info@eutraining.be; Internet: http://www.eutraining.be/external/Folder_NewBrussels.pdf

SIXTH GLOBAL CIVIL SOCIETY FORUM:
19 February 2005 - 20 February 2005. Nairobi, Kenya. The 6th Global Civil Society Forum (GCSF) will precede the 23rd Session of the Governing Council/Global Ministerial Environmental Forum (GC23/GMEF). Regional fora will be held prior to the GCSF to allow civil society representatives from different regions to provide their views on international environmental governance and on the definition of UNEP's work programme for the biennium 2006-07, which is to be determined during the GC23/GMEF. For more information contact: Henrietta Bullinger; tel: +254-20-624-735; fax: +254-20-623-022; e-mail: henrietta.bullinger@unep.org; Internet: http://www.unep.org/dpdl/cso/

AUTUMN LECTURE SERIES ON THE EU AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL DIMENSIONS:
12 October 2004 - 14 December 2004. Brussels, Belgium. This series of meetings are organized by the Institute for European Studies and the Department of Human Ecology of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, in cooperation with the Flemish Environment and Nature Council. The lectures will cover topics such as: The EU Sustainable Development Strategy: A First Assessment 3 Years After G�teborg; Sustainable Development and Political Union; Global Sustainable Development and Multilateralism: Towards a Partnership between Japan and the EU?; The EU's Global Leadership on Sustainable Development: Myth or Reality?�; The New Constitution: A Charter for Sustainable Development in Europe?; Achievements and Challenges for National Sustainable Development Strategies in the EU: A Governance Perspective; The EU Sustainable Development Strategy: The Role of the Private Sector; Democratization, Economic Transition and Sustainable Development: A Perspective from the EU's New Member States and Neighbors; and Promoting Sustainable Development: Belgium's Role in the EU and the UN. For more information contact: Institute for European Studies; tel: +32-2-629-1222; fax: +32-2-629-1809; e-mail: ies@vub.ac.be; Internet: http://www.ies.be/

Water, wetlands, oceans, coasts

EAST AFRICAN INTEGRATED RIVER BASIN MANAGEMENT CONFERENCE:
7 March 2005 - 9 March 2005. Morogoro, Tanzania. The aim of the conference is to bring together river basin professionals and researchers to critically discuss the tools of integrated water resource management (IWRM) applied at the basin level. For more information contact: Henry Mahoo, Sokoine University of Agriculture; tel: +255-23-260-1206; fax: +255-23-260-4649; e-mail: hmahoo@suanet.ac.tz; Internet: http://eng.suanet.ac.tz/swmrg/final%20seminar/index.htm
 

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