LINKAGES UPDATE - an e-update of new additions to IISD’s Linkages website - 27 August 2004

UPCOMING MEETINGS COVERED BY THE EARTH NEGOTIATIONS BULLETIN


  Second session of the UNEP Intergovernmental Strategic Plan for Technology Support  and Capacity Building: 2-4 September 2004, Nairobi, Kenya
In recent years, technology support and capacity building have become a key part of the quest for sustainable development. Issues encompassing human, scientific, technological, organizational, institutional and resource capabilities are core components of the mandate and work of the UN Environment Programme and feature prominently in both Agenda 21 and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation. Capacity building, in particular, has become an explicit priority for the UN system. At the eighth Special Session of UNEP’s Governing Council/Global Ministerial Environment Forum, which took place from 29-31 March 2004, in Jeju, Republic of Korea, the Governing Council established a High-level Open-ended Intergovernmental Working Group with the mandate to prepare an intergovernmental strategic plan for technology support and capacity building. The Working Group was scheduled to meet three times to finalize its report: in June 2004 in New York; in September in Nairobi, Kenya; and in December in Indonesia. A final decision will be adopted at UNEP’s Governing Council in February 2005. Click here for the Linkages primer on the ISP.

  UNFCCC Workshop on Emissions Projections of Annex I Parties: 6-8 September, Bonn, Germany
  UNFF Expert Group on Legal Framework: 7-10 September, UN Headquarters, New York
 

RECENT MEETINGS


OZONE GROUP RESUMES METHYL BROMIDE TALKS
13-16 July 2004 | Geneva, Switzerland
The use of methyl bromide and a range of other ozone-depleting substances was the subject of the recent twenty-fourth meeting of the Open-ended Working Group (OEWG) of Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. A major issue on the agenda was the question of exemptions to allow the use of methyl bromide. Allowances for the use of this ozone-depleting chemical had proved to be a major sticking point in negotiations in late 2003, with an extraordinary Meeting of Parties required in March 2004 to help break the deadlock ...
Methyl bromide discussions: A range of issues relating to methyl bromide were discussed, including a proposal from the US concerning the granting of multi-year exemptions (as opposed to single-year exemptions) for the use of this chemical …
Metered-dose inhalers, the financial mechanism, and other issues: The OEWG also considered requests for exemptions to use several other ozone-depleting substances. More.
 

CONSULTATIONS ON UN FISH STOCKS AGREEMENT ADDRESS IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES AND 2006 REVIEW CONFERENCE
8-9 July 2004 | New York
The third informal Consultations of the States Parties to the Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of UNCLOS relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks considered among other things:
*new developments in the implementation of the Agreement, including strengthening flag State duties;
*implementation at the regional level, including the establishment of new regional fisheries organizations and arrangements;
*review of the implementation of the provisions of Part VII of the Agreement on requirements of developing countries, including contribution by States, international financial institutions and donor organizations to the Assistance Fund established by the General Assembly; and
*preparatory work for the Review Conference, called for under article 36 of the Agreement.

On the Review Conference, most delegates agreed that such an event should be convened, while some noted the need to clarify certain aspects of the review. More.
 

2004 STOCKHOLM WORLD WATER WEEK
16-20 August 2004 | Stockholm, Sweden
Organized by the Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI), World Water Week brought together some 1,200 experts from about 50 international organizations and representing more than 100 countries to discuss a wide range of critical water and development issues. Urban water issues and future food requirements were among the broad range of issues taken up by the Stockholm Water Symposium during the week.
Wetlands experts win 2004 Stockholm Water Prize: No World Water Week would be complete without the announcement of the winners of the prestigious US$150,000 Stockholm Water Prize…
Blue paper looks at investing in water for food, ecosystems and livelihoods: Launched during the World Water Week, the Blue Paper report – Investing in Water for Food, Ecosystems and Livelihoods - highlights the difficult choices that must be made as mounting pressure from the world’s growing population for more food could lead to greater water consumption and increasing environmental degradation.
Stakeholders address financial risks from water scarcity: Another key report launched during the water week addresses potential risks from water scarcity to financial institutions, financial markets and society at large. More.
 

CONGRESS OF AGROFORESTRY HIGHLIGHTS CONTRIBUTION OF AGROFORESTRY TO ACHIEVING MDGs
27 June to 2 July 2004 | Orlando, Florida
The First World Congress of Agroforestry: Working Together for Sustainable Land-Use Systems gathered approximately 700 experts from 82 countries. In their closing “Orlando Declaration,” participants defined agroforestry as a “dynamic, ecologically based, natural resources management system that, through the integration of trees on farms, ranches, and in other landscapes, diversifies and increases production and promotes social, economic, and environmental benefits for land users.” More.

CODEX COMMISSION RECONVENES TASK FORCE ON BIOTECH FOODS 
28 June to 3 July 2004 | Geneva, Switzerland
The Codex Alimentarius Commission met recently and adopted a number of Codex standards and approved new work proposals, including the re-establishment of the Ad Hoc Intergovernmental Task Force on Foods Derived from Biotechnology. According to its terms of reference, the Task Force has been re-established for a four-year period to develop standards, guidelines or recommendations on the basis of scientific evidence, risk analysis, legitimate factors relevant to consumers’ health and the promotion of fair practices in the food trade. More.
 

NON-ALIGNED MOVEMENT UNDERSCORES COMMITMENT TO MULTILATERALISM
17-19 August 2004 | Durban, South Africa
Ministers of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) convened recently to address developments in the international situation. The meeting concluded with a Ministerial Declaration that flagged concern at the “growing to resort to unilateralism and unilaterally imposed methods” and reaffirmed the Movement’s commitment to advancing multilateralism. While recognizing the limitations of the United Nations, the Movement highlighted the UN as the only platform for addressing many of today’s global challenges. More.
 

PACIFIC ISLANDS FORUM DISCUSSES PACIFIC PLAN, ECONOMIC ISSUES, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, MORE
5-7 August 2004 | Apia, Samoa
Pacific Leaders met recently at the 35th Pacific Islands Forum and approved the Terms of Reference for the preparation of the Pacific Plan – a plan that aims to serve as the main instrument for promoting a new Pacific vision, and delivering tangible benefits for the region’s peoples. The Forum also considered a number of issues relating to economic growth, including regional transport, fisheries and tourism, and to sustainable development, including HIV/AIDS, the BPOA+10 review process, climate change and sea-level rise, and marine mammals protection. More.
 

LINKAGES UPDATE


Linkages Update is our means of keeping you informed of what’s new on IISD Reporting Services' Linkages website. This page is updated on a fortnightly basis, while the website continually posts new information provided by our contributing writers. If you wish to submit relevant materials or subscribe to Linkages Update, e-mail prisna@iisd.org.

Linkages provides updates on:
Recent meetings
Upcoming meetings
Media reports
Key publications, online resource
Comings and goings

Click here for the online version and archives of Linkages Update.
 

COMINGS AND GOINGS


Appointments and departures


OZONE DEPUTY TO RETIRE

Michael Graber, the Deputy Executive Secretary of the Ozone Secretariat, is set to retire in October.

SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR APPOINTED TO INVESTIGATE EFFECTS OF TOXIC WASTE DUMPING ON HUMAN RIGHTS
The UN Commission on Human Rights has appointed Okechukwu Ibeanu, a Nigerian environmental expert, as the Special Rapporteur on the adverse effects of the illicit movement and dumping of toxic and dangerous products and wastes on the enjoyment of human rights and on the companies and countries involved in such the practices.

ANNAN APPOINTS SPECIAL ADVISER ON GENDER ISSUES
Rachel Mayanja has been appointed Special Adviser on Gender Issues and Advancement of Women to UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan.

NEW FACES AT UNFF
Two new faces - David Henderson-Howat and Michel Laverdiere - recently joined the United Nations Forum on Forests’ Secretariat to work on forest policy issues.

NEW RAMSAR OCEANIA ADVISER FOR OCEANIA
The Ramsar Convention has named Seiuli Vainuupo Jungblut as its new subregional adviser for Oceania.

ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION NAMES RODIN AS NEW PRESIDENT
Judith Rodin is slated to serve as the Rockefeller Foundation’s new President.

OBITUARY: OZONE COMMUNITY MOURNS EXPERT’S DEATH

Ozone experts are mourning the passing of Gérard Mégie, a French national who was co-chair of the Montreal Protocol’s Scientific Assessment Panel.

Vacancies

UNESCO-IHE SEEKS LAND AND WATER DEVELOPMENT LECTURER:
Delft, the Netherlands; deadline is 30 September.

UNOPS SEEKS PROJECT MANAGER FOR NILE RIVER BASIN: P-4; Nairobi, Kenya; 23 September.

IGES CLIMATE POLICY PROJECT RECRUITS RESEARCHER: Kanagawa, Japan; 15 September.

CIFOR SEEKS REGIONAL COORDINATOR FOR EASTERN AND SOUTHERN AFRICA: Harare, Zimbabwe; 3 Septembe.

Click here for complete postingson appointments, departures and vacancies.
 

 

MEDIA REPORTS


Sustainable development

AFRICAN SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE THREATENED BY HIV/AIDS
The HIV/AIDS epidemic threatens subsistence agriculture in countries across southern and eastern Africa, with long-term consequences for food security, says a recent FAO study. More.

EC SEEKS STAKEHOLDER INPUT ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY
The European Commission has initiated a 12-week stakeholder consultation process inviting input for the mid-term review of its sustainability agenda. More.

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AND CAPABILITY ASSOCIATION TO BE LAUNCHED
The Human Development and Capability Association will officially be launched 6 September 2004. More.

Biodiversity and wildlife

CITES UPDATE: EC'S COP-13 PROPOSALS, RAMIN REPORT STRESSES COLLABORATION, ANTELOPE HORNS SEIZED IN CHINA, TIGER POACHERS SENTENCED IN SUMATRA

A month ahead of the 13th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), the European Commission has adopted a proposal on tightening trade rules regarding the great white shark, the Napoleon fish and timber from the rainforest tree ramin. More.

FUNDS ENSURED FOR BIODIVERSITY RESEARCH AND PROTECTED AREAS IN BRAZIL
The Brazilian government has launched a US$1 million project to create a single network of national biodiversity databases through gathering currently dispersed information and establishing new specimen collection centers. The project aims to give Brazil control over its own biodiversity and to secure sharing of benefits that arise from its commercial use. More.

USDA ORDERED TO REVEAL GM PHARMACEUTICAL CROP LOCATIONS
The location of GM pharmaceutical crop field trials in the state of Hawaii does not constitute confidential business information and needs to be made public, a US court ruled on 4 August. More.


Energy, climate and atmosphere

BUSH OFFICIAL HINTS AT SHIFT ON CLIMATE CHANGE
A new report from the US government’s Climate Change Science Program has caused waves after acknowledging that global warming is indeed resulting from human activities. More.

HEATWAVES WILL WORSEN, SAY SCIENTISTS
Heatwaves in North America and Europe will become more intense, last longer, and happen more often due to climate change, according to a new study ...
Researchers raise specter of smog comeback:
In related news, another team of US-based experts has found that warmer summers are likely to cause more smog for cities in the eastern US.
Less water, less wine?:
Other recent research by the European Environment Agency and the US National Academy of Sciences has also highlighted the hazards of global warming in Europe and North America. More.

SOLUTIONS TO GLOBAL WARMING READY NOW, STUDY SAYS
Technological solutions to combat climate change already exist – they just need to be implemented – according to a recent study published in Science magazine ...
Hydrogen gains highlighted:
Meanwhile, hydrogen fuel cell technology appears to have taken another step closer to becoming commercially viable, according to recent reports from the UK. More.

NUCLEAR DEBATE BLOWS UP – AGAIN
Disputes over the use of nuclear power as an alternative to fossil fuels have resurfaced. More.

EXPERTS COOL TOWARDS SOLAR WARMING THEORY
The Sun has had only a minor impact on recent global warming, according to researchers. More.

U.S. ANNOUNCES EIGHT-NATION METHANE PACT
The United States has struck a deal with seven other countries to reduce methane emissions. More.

UN agencies and intergovernmental organizations

UNEP AND CENTRAL ASIAN IGO TO COLLABORATE ON CLEAN ENERGY, ECOTOURISM, ENVIRONMENTAL LAW AND EDUCATION
UNEP and the Economic Cooperation Organization have jointly committed to enhance environmental management in the Central Asian region. More.
 


Trade, finance and investment in SD

IFC INVITES PUBLIC INPUT ON ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIAL SAFEGUARD POLICIES, AND INFORMATION DISCLOSURE

The International Finance Corporation (IFC) has launched the public consultation phase for the update of its Environmental and Social Safeguard Policies and the review of its Policy on Disclosure of Information. According to news reports, the review is critical as a number of key public and private institutions, including the OECD and the Equator Principles, follow IFC’s lead on social and environmental standards. More.

WORLD BANK OIL SPAT FLARES UP
The World Bank’s recent rejection of calls to end their financial support for some oil and gas projects has been called into question yet again – this time by the British Government ...
Bank launches new lending policy: In related news, the World Bank has overhauled its guidelines for policy-based lending, replacing one of its main lending instruments – Adjustment Lending – with Development Policy Lending. More.

DOHA DROPS INVESTMENT ISSUES
Investment issues have been taken off the agenda of the World Trade Organization’s Doha round of trade talks. More.

UK BUSINESSES WIN GREEN HONORS
UK companies are far ahead of their European rivals in their treatment of the environment and in their record on human rights, according to a new report. More.

Water, wetlands, oceans, coasts

UNEP-WCMC AND DIVERS FIGHT OCEAN POLLUTION
The UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC) has launched a new initiative – Earthdive – in which professional and amateur divers will help record the health of the marine environment including coral reefs, mangrove swamps and coastal waters. More.

WETLANDS INTERNATIONAL ANNOUNCES NEW AWARD
Wetlands International has announced the Luc Hoffmann Medal for Wetland Science and Conservation on occasion of its 50th anniversary. More.

KEY PUBLICATIONS AND ONLINE RESOURCES


Sustainable development

EXPLORING THE LINKS: HUMAN WELL-BEING, POVERTY AND ECOSYSTEM SERVICES
(IISD, 2004) Exploring the Links sets out to: demonstrate how human well-being is dependent upon ecosystems and ecosystem services; identify barriers and drivers that prevent the poor from using these ecosystem services to improve their well-being, in essence perpetuating poverty; and identify policy response options to remove the barriers, re-design or even introduce new intervention strategies to allow the poor to improve their well-being through an ecosystem approach.

MANUAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY: THE EU AND BRITAIN
(Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP), August 2004) This Manual provides a comprehensive source of information on European Union environmental policy. It contains, inter alia, an introductory chapter on the making of EU environmental policy, and chapters covering issues such as water, waste, air, climate change, harmful substances, radioactivity, wildlife, impact assessment and planning, financial and economic instruments, and international conventions. Appendices provide a complete list of all legislation contained in the Manual, details of all relevant proposals currently being negotiated in the EU, an insight into what to expect from the Commission in the near future, and a list of web resources. New chapters address topics such as emissions trading, energy taxation, and GM issues, including traceability and labeling, food and feed, and transboundary movements. To view the Manual for free visit the weblink before 20 October with the username: TEMP and password: ONLINE

SUSTAINABLE TOURISM
(WIT press, 2004) The papers in this book seek to explore issues concerned with achieving environmental, social and economic sustainability of tourism, and are derived from an international conference on this topic. Papers are grouped under the following headings: tourism impact; tourism strategies; sustainable tourism; ecotourism; cultural tourism; coastal issues; tourism and protected areas; tourism, infrastructure, transport and hotels; surveys and analysis; IT in tourism. 

Human development


GLOBAL EMPLOYMENT TRENDS FOR YOUTH 2004
(International Labour Organization, August 2004) This ILO report highlights labor market trends for youth, including trends in: the youth labor force, youth employment; youth unemployment; and discrimination within the youth unemployed population. The report indicates that about half of the world’s jobless are young people between the ages of 15 and 24, and underscores the significant role of tackling youth unemployment in contributing to the global economy and achieving the MDGs.

Trade, finance and investment

IISD INVESTMENT REPORT NOW AVAILABLE IN SPANISH
The International Institute for Sustainable Development has just released the Spanish version of its recent report on investment agreements and sustainable development: Inversiones y desarrollo sustentable: Una guía referente a la utilización actual y al futuro potencial de los acuerdos internacionales sobre inversiones. The report catalogues some of the problems associated with current investment treaties, and considers what an international investment agreement would look like if it hewed to the broader goal of achieving sustainable development.

UNEP-FI AND GRI SEEK COMMENTS ON ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
The United Nations Environment Programme Finance Initiative (UNEP FI) and the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) are inviting contributions to the development of the GRI Financial Services Sector Supplement (Environmental Performance), in particular on a set of 15 draft indicators, designed to assist financial institutions worldwide to report on the environmental impacts associated with retail banking, commercial and corporate banking, asset management and insurance. A Working Group, which first convened in September 2003, will meet for a fourth time to review the feedback from this public consultation process in October 2004. The deadline for contributions is 20 September 2004.

INVESTMENT TREATY ARBITRATION RESOURCE WEBSITE

A new website has recently been launched on investment treaty disputes. The site, which was created by Andrew Newcombe of the University of Victoria in Canada, provides information on arbitration decisions dealing with investment treaty disputes.


Climate and forests

THREE PUBLICATIONS ON HARVESTED WOOD PRODUCTS
(July/August 2004) Three reports have recently been published on the complex issue of harvested wood products under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and its Kyoto Protocol. The first, Harvested Wood Products – A Beginning Guide to Key Issues, was prepared by New Zealand climate change expert Murray Ward. The report is intended as a primer for those following the climate change negotiations who are not necessarily experts on carbon sinks and land use, land-use change and forestry issues. Ward seeks to put the issue in the broader policy context, and considers some possible approaches for accounting for harvested wood products beyond the Kyoto Protocol’s first commitment period. A second recent paper on the same subject has also been prepared in recent weeks. Approaches for inclusion of harvested wood products in future greenhouse gas inventories under the UNFCCC, and their consistency with the overall UNFCCC inventory reporting framework, was prepared by K. Pingoud, B. Schlamadinger and several other experts from various institutions in Europe, North America, and Australia. A third paper, by Daniel L. Martino of Uruguayan environmental services company Carbosur, is entitled A Negative View of Dakar Approaches for Reporting and Accounting Carbon in Harvested Wood Products. All three reports were released ahead of a planned UNFCCC workshop on the subject taking place in Lillehammer, Norway from 30 August to 1 September. Ward’s paper; Martino’s paper; Pingoud et al‘s report; and the UNFCCC Secretariat’s harvested wood products website.

Biodiversity and wildlife


PROMOTING CITES-CBD COOPERATION AND SYNERGY
The proceedings of an international workshop on synergies between CITES and CBD, held from 20-24 April 2004, on the Isle of Vilm, Germany, are available online. They identify opportunities for greater synergy in implementation and include background papers on related issues. Cross-cutting mechanisms are identified, including sustainable use, access and benefit-sharing, and linking site-based, thematic and species-based approaches. 

BILATERAL INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS: AGENTS OF NEW GLOBAL STANDARDS FOR THE PROTECTION OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS?
(GRAIN, August 2004) Authored by Carlos M. Correa, this study was commissioned by GRAIN as an independent exploration of the implications of bilateral investment agreements on intellectual property rights (IPR) protection standards. Among others, the study reviews the status of genetic resources in investment agreements. It concludes that these agreements go beyond international norms and that their “most favored nation” clauses contribute to a global elevation of IPR protection standards. The author suggests that biological materials collected under an access permit may be considered the “property” of the collector who may claim protection as an investor with regard to the materials.

GMOS AND BIOSAFETY: A BACKGROUND PAPER FOR DECISION-MAKERS AND OTHERS TO ASSIST IN CONSIDERATION OF GMO ISSUES
(IUCN, August 2004) Prepared by the IUCN Environmental Law Centre, with Tomme Young as the lead author and contributions from many others, this paper was commissioned by IUCN’s Director General and Council as a response to a call from the second World Conservation Congress held in October 2000, in Amman, Jordan. It reviews: the controversy surrounding GMOs, including scientific, economic, policy, and socio-cultural issues; cross-cutting principles; and the institutional framework. It also includes a series of recommendations on responsible decision-making regarding biosafety and GMOs. 

Deserts and land degradation


UNCCD: A CARRYING PILLAR IN THE GLOBAL COMBAT AGAINST LAND DEGRADATION AND FOOD INSECURITY
(UNCCD, JULY 2004) This paper was prepared by members of the UNCCD Secretariat as background for the San Rossore meeting “Climate change: a new global vision,” which took place in Pisa, Italy in July 2004. The paper reviews linkages between land degradation and desertification and food insecurity, and identifies coping strategies and policy challenges. It describes the UNCCD’s approach to combating land degradation and mitigating the effects of drought, including food insecurity. Finally, it suggests the field of forests and forest ecosystems as an area in which the concerns of all three Rio Conventions can be addressed and proposes cooperation and fostering synergies through the development of projects in this field.

THE RUSSIAN FAR EAST: A REFERENCE GUIDE FOR CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT(Daniel & Daniel, 2004) This reference guide provides among other things detailed data on the state of the forests in Russia’s Far Eastern region. The 486 page guide, which includes contributions from over 90 scientists, contains: maps and brief descriptions of the region’s protected areas and conservation hotspots; analyses of the forestry, fisheries, oil and gas, and mining sectors; and information on indigenous peoples, legal issues, major conservation issues, forest investment and trade, sustainable development. and much more.
 


Water, wetlands, oceans, coasts

MEETING THE MDG DRINKING-WATER AND SANITATION TARGET: A MID-TERM ASSESSMENT OF PROGRESS
(WHO/UNCIEF, 2004) A new report by the Joint Monitoring Programme on Water Supply and Sanitation (JMP) of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), provides the latest estimates and trends on how countries are making progress on their national commitments to improve international water and sanitation goals. According to the United Nations, a billion people worldwide lack clean drinking water and about 2.6 billion go without basic sanitation. The report, the first of the mid-term reports on progress towards achieving the UN’s Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), contains detailed new information on progress by region and by country and cites some improvements, particularly in the delivery of potable water, but points out population gains may render moot any progress made thus far. With the exception of sub-Saharan Africa, the world is well on its way to meeting the drinking water target by 2015, but progress in sanitation is stalled in many developing regions.

UNEP ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF THE BARENTS SEA
(UNEP-GIWA, 2004) The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Global International Waters Assessment (GIWA) has launched a new report indicating that increased exploration activities of petroleum resources, offshore developments and the shipping of oil and gas along the coasts represent significant potential threats to the Barents Sea’s vulnerable arctic ecosystem. According to the report, the development of these oil and gas deposits will increase oil transport to 40 million tonnes by the year 2020, and will correspondingly increase the pressure on the Northern Sea Route (which crosses the Barents Sea) by a factor of six. As a consequence, the risk of accidental oil spills is expected to increase in the near future. The report also identified the overexploitation of fish stocks, invasive species and pollution as other major threats to the Sea. In response to the problems identified, the report recommends that new regulations for different sectors should be adopted and enforced, along with rigorous adherence to existing international environmental agreements.

WATER, AGRICULTURE AND YOU
(Rodale Institute, 2004) New research released by The Rodale Institute and funded by the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection shows that by composting manure, farmers can significantly improve the quality of water entering America’s watersheds. Based on a decade-long study, the report, Water, Agriculture and You, demonstrates that compost provides optimum nutrient levels for crop growth while simultaneously minimizing non-point nutrient pollution of ground and surface waters. The Rodale Institute research also documents that the use of organic farming practices reduces agricultural water pollution by up to 75%, improves quality in surface and ground waters, and benefits water quality in downstream marine environments.

CATCH FISH NOT TURTLES USING LONGLINES

This new booklet by the Hawaii-based Blue Ocean Institute, together with the UNEP Regional Seas Programme and the Indian Ocean-South East Asian (IOSEA) Marine Turtle Secretariat, offers tips on using new kinds of hooks and fishing methods as a way of conserving rare and endangered migratory marine turtles. The booklet also gives eight key tips on how to handle a snagged turtle in order to maximize its chances of survival. These include advice on how to remove an ingested hook and how to treat a turtle until it can be released.

WETLANDS PROFESSIONAL PLATFORM
The Platform, a joint initiative of the Institute for Inland Water Management and Waste Water Treatment (RIZA) and the UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, offers news and information on wetland management and restoration. It also provides space for wetland professionals worldwide to interact, exchange information, and announce events and training opportunities.

WATER FOOTPRINT SITE
The UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education has launched a new website dedicated to assessing ‘water footprints’ – the total volume of water that is used to produce the goods and services consumed by the inhabitants of the nation. The website also provides definitions of concepts, research results, downloadable publications and links to other relevant websites.

NEW UPCOMING MEETINGS


Announcements: Change of dates


THIRTEENTH SESSION OF THE COMMISSION ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT:
11 April 2005 - 22 April 2005. New York, United States. CSD-13 will be a “Policy Year” to decide on measures to speed up implementation and mobilize action to overcome these obstacles and constraints for the thematic clusters of water, sanitation and human settlements. For more information contact: Federica Pietracci, Major Groups Programme Coordinator, UN DSD/DESA; tel: +1-212-963-2803; fax: +1-212-963-4260; e-mail: pietracci@un.org; Internet: http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/

GLOBAL WASH FORUM RESCHEDULED:
29 November 2004 - 3 December 2004. Dakar, Senegal. The Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council’s (WSSCC) first Global WASH Forum has been rescheduled to take place from 29 November to 3 December 2004. This Forum aims to draw lessons on the success of water, sanitation and hygiene programmes, sector reforms and development partnerships in poverty eradication, and to strengthen regional and national partnership initiatives aimed at attaining the relevant goals of the WSSD and the MDGs. For more information contact: Forum Manager; tel: +41-22-917-8657; fax: +41-22-917-8084; e-mail: wsscc@who.int; Internet: http://www.wsscc.org/dakar

IMF CHANGES DATES FOR ANNUAL MEETINGS:
2-3 October 2004. Washington, D.C. The IMF and the World Bank had initially scheduled their 2004 annual meeting for 4-5 October, but the events will now be held during the weekend from 2-3 October. According to the IMF, “The schedule is being consolidated to these dates to enable the IMF and the World Bank group to conduct their meetings so that they take into account the needs of the institutions and the District of Columbia.” The U.S. Department of Homeland Security raised its assessment of a terrorist threat, and said that the World Bank and the IMF, as well as several other key financial institutions based in New York were potential targets for attack. The IMF said the change in dates will not affect the actual agenda of the meetings. More information is available at: http://washingtontimes.com/upi-breaking/20040805-012407-7603r.htm

Click here for a complete listing of upcoming meetings


The following are upcoming meetings recently added to Linkages website:

Sustainable development

SIDS EXPERT MEETING ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN SIDS:
30 August 2004 - 3 September 2004. Singapore, Singapore. This meeting is organized by the University of West Indies Center for Environment and Development, UNDP, DESA/DSD, and the Singapore Environment Institute. For more information contact: UNDESA/DSD; tel: +1-212-963-2803; fax: +1-212-963-4260; e-mail: dsd@un.org; Internet: http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/calendar/calendar.htm

FIRST INTERGOVERNMENTAL PLENARY OF THE INTERNATIONAL ASSESSMENT OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FOR DEVELOPMENT (IAASTD):
30 August 2004 - 3 September 2004. UNEP Headquarters, Nairobi, Kenya. Sponsored by FAO, UNDP, UNEP, UNESCO, the World Bank and WHO, this meeting will consider the IAASTD’s objectives, goals and outputs, structure and approach, and various issues relating to its global and sub-global components, principles and procedures, budget, and bureau. For more information contact: Elizabeth Masibo, UNEP DEWA; tel: +254-20-624-575; fax: +254-20-624-269; e-mail: Elizabeth.Masibo@unep.org; Internet: http://www.agassessment.org/index.html

SEMINAR ON POVERTY ALLEVIATION THROUGH TOURISM: 7 September 2004 - 9 September 2004. Arusha, Tanzania. This second capacity-building seminar on sustainable tourism and poverty alleviation, for Eastern and Southern African countries, is part of the World Tourism Organization’s special programme for Africa with a new focus on poverty issues, in line with the UN Millennium Development Goals. For more information contact: Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism, P.O. Box 9352, Dar es Salaam; tel: +255-22-213-2302; fax: +255-22-211-3082; e-mail: tourism@africaonline.co.tz; Internet: http://www.world-tourism.org/regional/africa/events/events.htm

57TH ANNUAL DPI/NGO CONFERENCE: MDGS – CIVIL SOCIETY TAKES ACTION:
8 September 2004 - 10 September 2004. UNHQ, New York, US. This year’s DPI/NGO Conference aims to support worldwide efforts to mobilize civil society behind the Millennium Development Goals. Plenary sessions are organized to present an overall picture of the MDGs - speakers will assess the current status of the MDGs, address obstacles that threaten their realization, share innovative approaches to partnerships and discuss civil society campaigns that are effective at stimulating broader public awareness and support for replicable and sustainable programmes and campaigns. For more information contact: Department of Public Information, NGO Section; tel: +1-212-963-6842; fax: +1-212-963-6914; e-mail: info@UNdpiNGOconference.org; Internet: http://www.undpingoconference.org/

MEETING ON ENVIRONMENT, DEVELOPMENT, AND SUSTAINABLE PEACE: FINDING PATHS TO ENVIRONMENTAL PEACEMAKING - WATER, FORESTS, AND MINERALS:
16 September 2004 - 19 September 2004. Wilton Park, Sussex, United Kingdom. Development Minister Hilary Benn and UNEP Executive Director Klaus Töpfer among others will speak at this meeting on environment, development, and sustainable peace. The conference will emphasize positive theories and examples to counter the persistent focus on negative linkages among threats to the environment, development, and peace. Discussions will tackle questions such as: What can we learn from a decade of intensive analysis and debate about “environmental security”?; How do the North and South view the challenges differently?; What are positive examples of environmental peacemaking between neighboring countries?; How can we assure funding for promising initiatives?; and What lessons can we learn from exemplary case studies on water, forests, and minerals? For more information contact: Sandry Koo, Conference Administrator; tel: +44-1903-817765; fax: +44-1903-817162; e-mail: sandry.koo@wiltonpark.org.uk; Internet: http://www.wiltonpark.org.uk/web/welcome.html

ACTION AGAINST HUNGER AND POVERTY – WORLD LEADERS MEETING: 20 September 2004. UNHQ, New York. Hosted by the Government of Brazil, this meeting will bring world leaders together in an effort to galvanize political support for the implementation of viable financing mechanisms for effectively reaching the MDGs. For more information contact: Internet: http://www.mre.gov.br/ingles/politica_externa/temas_agenda/acfp/presentation.asp


INTERACTIVE SEMINAR ON POWER & PARTNERSHIPS: DEALING WITH POWER, CONFLICT AND LEARNING IN THE FACILITATION OF COMPLEX MULTI-STAKEHOLDER PROCESSES:
27 September 2004. Wageningen, The Netherlands. This seminar will confront the challenge that ‘learning orientated’ multistakeholder processes fail to adequately consider power and conflict issues and hence are founded on naïve assumptions about social and political change. Drawing on internationally-experienced, conflict management and mediation experts, the seminar will link a theoretical overview with practical examples and conflict management skills. For more information contact: Femke Griffioen; fax: +31-317-495-395; e-mail: Femke.griffioen@wur.nl; Internet: http://www.iac.wur.nl/iac/courses/msp_seminar_sept2004.htm

18TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INFORMATICS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION - ENVIROINFO 2004:
21 October 2004 - 23 October 2004. Geneva, Switzerland. This IT and environmental protection event is organized under the theme of “Sh@ring.” It will include, among others, presentations on environmental information systems, state of the art web technology, GIS, remote sensing, health and environment, and environmental risk. For more information contact: Jean-Philippe Richard; tel: +41-22-917-8632; fax: +41-22-917-8029; e-mail: jean-philippe.richard@grid.unep.ch; Internet: http://www.enviroinfo2004.org

EUROPEAN REGIONAL CONFERENCE ON PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS FOR SUSTAINABILITY CERTIFICATION OF TOURISM ACTIVITIES:
17 October 2004 - 20 October 2004. Mariánské Lázne, Czech Republic. This event is the third of a series of World Tourism Organization regional conferences aimed at providing forums for discussing the opportunities and challenges of setting up and operating certification systems. For more information contact: Sarka Tittelbachova, Chief, Congress Unit, Tourism Department, Ministry for Regional Devel; tel: +420-224-861-572; fax: +420-224-861-348; e-mail: titsar@mmr.cz; Internet: http://www.world-tourism.org/sustainable/conf/cert-czech/eng.htm

UN SYMPOSIUM ON HYDROPOWER AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT:
27 October 2004 - 29 October 2004. Beijing, China. Organized by DESA/DSD, World Bank, Government of the People’s Republic of China, this Symposium will focus on, inter alia, the: strategic importance of hydropower for sustainable development; benefits and concerns regarding existing dams and hydropower facilities; and principles and processes for hydropower development. The Symposium is expected to lead to: a better understanding of the role and potential of hydropower in promoting sustainable development; and a road map consisting of principles, policies, modalities to be applied in hydropower projects, which can assist developing countries in mobilizing technical assistance and support from international organizations and bilateral donors. For more information contact: Kui-Nang Mak, Chief, Energy & Transport Branch, UN DSD/DESA; tel: +1-212-963-8797; fax: +1-212-963-4340; e-mail: makk@un.org; Internet: http://unhsd.icold-cigb.org.cn/english.html

COURSE ON PARTICIPATORY PLANNING, MONITORING AND EVALUATION, LEARNING FOR IMPACT: 7 November 2004 - 27 November 2004. Makere University, Uganda. This course focuses on how to design and institutionalize participatory planning and M&E systems in projects and programmes for continuous learning and enhanced performance. Particular attention is paid to the relationship between management information needs and responsibilities and the planning and M&E functions. Another similar course is scheduled for 7-15 February 2005 in Wageningen, the Netherlands. For more information contact: Cecile Kusters; fax: +31-317-495-395; e-mail: Cecile.kusters@wur.nl; Internet: http://www.iac.wur.nl/iac/action/ppmeuganda.htm

WORLD TOURISM FORUM FOR PEACE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (WTF): 1 December 2004 - 3 December 2004. Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. The first WTF Annual Summit seeks to offer a rich and diversified programme of technical and mobilizing events - meetings, lectures, panel discussions, workshops and seminars. Fairs and Exhibits will showcase solutions and best practice examples, proposals, investments, business initiatives, new products and services. For more information contact: e-mail: info@worldtourismforum.org; Internet: http://www.worldtourismforum.org


SEMINAR SERIES ‘M&E ON THE CUTTING EDGE’ - LINKING LEARNING AND ACCOUNTABILITY TO STRENGTHEN IMPACT ASSESSMENT:
16 December 2004. Wageningen, The Netherlands. This seminar aims to link M&E expertise inside development organizations with external experts in an opportunity to deepen questions such as: How can accountability-focused and learning-driven processes be integrated in M&E thinking and practice?; When are accountability and learning mutually exclusive?; What do funding agencies expect of accountability and learning processes?; and How do development organizations cope with the tension between these two processes? For more information contact: Seerp Wigboldus; fax: +31-317-495-395; e-mail: seerp.wigboldus@wur.nl; Internet: http://www.iac.wur.nl/iac/courses/seminar_accountability_dec2004.htm

COURSE ON GENDER, ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE, AGRICULTURE AND LEADERSHIP: 7 February 2005 - 25 February 2005. Wageningen, The Netherlands. The training programme is designed for co-coordinators, senior staff, managers, gender experts, trainers and consultants who are required to incorporate gender perspectives into agricultural and rural development organizations and programmes. For more information contact: Hettie Walters; fax: +31-317-495-395; e-mail: Hettie.walters@wur.nl; Internet: http://www.iac.wur.nl/iac/courses/module.cfm?code=55/00/2005

Biodiversity and wildlife

12TH INTERNATIONAL BIOTECHNOLOGY SYMPOSIUM:
17 October 2004 - 22 October 2004. Santiago, Chile. Held every four years, this scientific conference is among the largest international conferences in the biotechnology field. For more information contact: tel: +56-2-232-8942; fax: +56-2-232-2856; e-mail: ibs2004@eventotal.cl; Internet: http://www.conicyt.cl/IBS2004/

Climate and atmosphere

SYMPOSIUM: INTERNATIONAL CLIMATE REGIME BEYOND 2012 -- LONG-TERM GOALS AND NEAR-TERM ACTIONS:
9 September 2004. Tokyo, Japan. Organized by the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), together with the National Institute for Environmental Studies, this symposium seeks to discuss the near-term actions that can be taken as part of long-term efforts to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere. For more information contact: National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES); tel: +81-29-850-2430; fax: +81-29-850-2960; e-mail: aishima.chie@nies.go.jp; Internet: http://www.iges.or.jp/en/event/

17TH WORLD LP GAS FORUM:
29 September 2004 - 1 October 2004. Berlin, Germany. This Forum will feature over 25 high-level presentations on topics such as the LP Gas Market, the new European Union, taxation on LP Gas, autogas and new technologies. For more information contact: Colloquium; tel: +33-1-44-641-515; fax: +33-1-44-641-516; e-mail: worldlpgas@colloquium.fr; Internet: http://www.worldlpgas.com

WORKSHOP ON TRANSPORTATION AND CLIMATE CHANGE: 12 October 2004 - 13 October 2004. Baltimore, Maryland,, United States. This workshop aims to bring together experts from academia, government, business, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations to discuss the future of transportation against the backdrop of global climate change. The workshop will consider regional and global trends, new technologies for vehicles and fuels, air and marine transport, and near-term measures that could contribute to longer-term strategies on climate change. The workshop is being organized by IPIECA. For more information contact: Tim Stileman, IPIECA; tel: +44-20-7633-2388; fax: +44-20-7633-2389; e-mail: tim.stileman@ipieca.org; Internet: http://www.ipieca.org/downloads/climate_change/TCC_Workshop/Information.pdf

RIO 05 CONGRESS – WORLD CLIMATE AND ENERGY EVENT:
15 February 2005 - 20 February 2005. Rio de Janeiro and Fortaleza, Brazil. The Rio 5 event will take place from 15-17 February 2005 in Rio de Janeiro and from 18-20 February 2005 in Fortaleza, Brazil. This event aims to bring together experts from the scientific community, industry and the public sector to discuss research, policies and products relating to sustainable energies. For more information contact: Vanessa Espi, Organizing Committee; tel: +55-21-2233-5184; fax: +55-21-2518-2220; e-mail: info@rio5.com; Internet: http://www.rio5.com

Forests, deserts, land

UNECE/FAO WORKSHOP ON ILLEGAL LOGGING AND TRADE OF ILLEGALLY-DERIVED FOREST PRODUCTS IN THE UNECE REGION:
16 September 2004 - 17 September 2004. Geneva, Switzerland. This Joint UNECE/FAO workshop will discuss the extent and causes of illegal logging in the UNECE region. For more information contact: Forestry Officer – Marketing, Timber Branch, UNECE; fax: +41-22-917-0041; e-mail: ED.Pepke@unece.org; Internet: http://www.unece.org/trade/timber/docs/sem/2004-1/sem-2004-1.htm

JOINT SESSION OF THE UNECE TIMBER COMMITTEE AND FAO EUROPEAN FORESTRY COMMISSION MEETING:
5 October 2004 - 9 October 2004. Geneva, Switzerland. The agenda for this joint session includes a policy forum, a business session and a study visit. The main items to be discussed in the policy forum are: forest products market developments and prospects; long term challenges for forest and timber policies and institutions in a wider Europe; forest law enforcement and governance: a significant problem in the UNECE region?; and the future role of the Timber Committee and the European Forestry Commission in the international forest policy dialogue. For more information contact: UNECE, Timber Branch; tel: +41-22-917-1234; fax: +41-22-917-0041; e-mail: info.timber@unece.org; Internet: http://www.unece.org/trade/timber/

EXPERT MEETING ON TRADITIONAL FOREST-RELATED KNOWLEDGE AND THE IMPLEMENTATION OF RELATED INTERNATIONAL COMMITMENTS:
6 December 2004 - 10 December 2004. San José, Costa Rica. This meeting is organized by the International Alliance of Indigenous Tribal Peoples of Tropical Forests. For more information contact: Annabel Pinker; tel: +66-53-904037; fax: +66-53-277645; e-mail: iait@loxinfo.co.th; Internet: http://www.international-alliance.org

UNFF-5:
16 May 2005 - 27 May 2005. New York, US. The fifth session of UNFF is scheduled to be held from 16-27 May 2005, in New York. This meeting will represent the conclusion of the UNFF’s five year mandate, where delegates will discuss the future of the UNFF, among other things. For more information contact: Elisabeth Barsk-Rundquist, UNFF Secretariat; tel: +1-212-963-3262; fax: +1-917-367-3186; e-mail: barsk-rundquist@un.org; Internet: http://www.un.org/esa/forests

Human development

49TH SESSION OF THE COMMISSION ON THE STATUS OF WOMEN:
28 February 2005 - 11 March 2005. UNHQ, New York, US. CSW-49 will be focusing on two thematic issues as outlined in its multi-year programme of work: the review of the implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action and the UNGASS outcome document entitled “Women 2000: gender equality, development and peace for the 21st century”; and current challenges and forward looking strategies for the advancement and empowerment of women and girls. For more information contact: e-mail: daw@un.org; Internet: http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/csw/49sess.htm

UN Inter-agency activities, intergovernmental organizations

FIRST INTERGOVERNMENTAL PLENARY OF THE INTERNATIONAL ASSESSMENT OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FOR DEVELOPMENT (IAASTD):
30 August 2004 - 3 September 2004. UNEP Headquarters, Nairobi, Kenya. Sponsored by FAO, UNDP, UNEP, UNESCO, the World Bank and WHO, this meeting will consider the IAASTD’s objectives, goals and outputs, structure and approach, and various issues relating to its global and sub-global components, principles and procedures, budget, and bureau. For more information contact: Elizabeth Masibo, UNEP DEWA; tel: +254-20-624-575; fax: +254-20-624-269; e-mail: Elizabeth.Masibo@unep.org; Internet: http://www.agassessment.org/index.html

EIGHTH MEETING OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT GROUP (EMG): 1 September 2004. Nairobi, Kenya. The EMG will meet to discuss aspects its programme of work for 2004, including environmental capacity building, sustainable procurement and environmental management programmes for the UN system, and reporting requirements for the 59th session of UNGA and the 23rd session of UNEPGC. For more information contact: Internet: http://www.unemg.org/download_pdf/EMG8/8_2agenda.pdf


Trade, finance, investment in sustainable development

ACTION AGAINST HUNGER AND POVERTY – WORLD LEADERS MEETING:
20 September 2004. UNHQ, New York. Hosted by the Government of Brazil, this meeting will bring world leaders together in an effort to galvanize political support for the implementation of viable financing mechanisms for effectively reaching the MDGs. For more information contact: Internet: http://www.mre.gov.br/ingles/politica_externa/temas_agenda/acfp/presentation.asp

GEF SEMINAR ON RESOURCE ALLOCATION FRAMEWORK:
27 September 2004 - 28 September 2004. Paris, France. This seminar, which seeks to further advance work on the development of a resource allocation framework for the GEF, is convened by the GEF Secretariat in response to a GEF Council decision taken at the May 2004 meeting on Performance-based Framework for Allocation of GEF Resources. For more information contact: GEF Secretariat; tel: +1-202-473-0508; fax: +1-202-522-3240; e-mail: Secretariat@theGEF.org; Internet: http://www.gefweb.org/Whats_New/whats_new.html

2004 ANNUAL MEETINGS OF THE IMF AND WORLD BANK GROUP:
2 October 2004 - 3 October 2004. Washington, DC, United States. The IMF and the World Bank had initially scheduled their 2004 annual meetings for 4-5 October, but the events will now be held during the weekend from 2-3 October. The IMF said the change in dates will not affect the actual agenda of the meetings. For more information contact: Annual Meeting inquiries; tel: +1-202-473-7272; fax: +1-202-623-4100; e-mail: bfcoffice@worldbank.org; Internet: http://www.imf.org/external/am/

CSR ASIA CONFERENCE:
14 October 2004 - 15 October 2004. Hong Kong, China. This conference will focus on managing corporate responsibility in Asia. For more information contact: Cal Foster, Ethical Corporation magazine; tel: +64-21-418-408; e-mail: cal.foster@ethicalcorp.com; Internet: http://www.ethicalcorp.com/asia2004

OECD GLOBAL FORUM ON INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT: INVESTMENT FOR DEVELOPMENT - FORGING PARTNERSHIPS:
19 November 2004 - 21 November 2004. New Delhi, India. This OECD event will explore how governments can enhance their business environments and maximize the benefits of investment. In particular, sessions will focus on: the OECD initiative on a Policy Framework for Investment as an operational tool to promote investment for development; promoting corporate responsibility - defining the roles of government and business; and maximizing ODA - synergies for development. For more information contact: Mehmet Ögütçü, Head, Non-Members Liaison Group and OECD Global Forum on International Inve; e-mail: Mehmet.Ogutcu@oecd.org; Internet: http://www.oecd.org/document/56/0,2340,en_2649_33763_32233656_1_1_1_1,00.html

PARIS 2005: SECOND HIGH-LEVEL FORUM ON HARMONIZATION AND ALIGNMENT FOR AID EFFECTIVENESS:
The international development community, including senior representatives from partner countries, bilateral and multilateral donors, will meet in Paris in early 2005 at the Second High-Level Forum on Harmonization and Alignment for Aid Effectiveness - HLF-2. HLF-2 will be a critical opportunity for the international community to assess progress in implementing harmonization and alignment on the ground, to identify ways to accelerate and scale-up implementation, and to sustain and enhance the momentum for and political commitment to fundamental changes that enhance aid delivery. Achieving these objectives would be a key contribution toward the implementation of the Monterey Consensus and to attaining the Millennium Development Goals. More information is available at: http://www.aidharmonization.org/ah-wh/secondary-pages/Paris2005

Water, wetlands, oceans, coasts

E-CONFERENCE ON REGULATING PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS FOR THE POOR:
6 September 2004 - 3 October 2004. electronic conference, Internet. This e-conference is part of a UK Department for International Development funded research project that seeks to help water regulators with the necessary technical, social, financial, economic and legal understanding or framework to enable them to require, facilitate and monitor the early achievement of the universal service obligation. The forum does not seek to develop a blueprint for the “perfect,” pro-poor regulatory system, but rather to share insights with regulators around the world, helping them to protect the interests of those who are in urgent need of water services that are both affordable and responsive to their needs. For more information contact: Richard Franceys; e-mail: r.w.a.franceys@cranfield.ac.uk; Internet: http://www.silsoe.cranfield.ac.uk/iwe/projects/regulation/

GLOBAL WASH FORUM 2004 - WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE FOR ALL - SOLUTIONS AND ACTIONS, LOCAL AND NATIONAL:
29 November 2004 - 3 December 2004. Dakar, Senegal. Organized by the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC), the first Global WASH Forum aims to draw lessons on the success of water, sanitation and hygiene programmes, sector reforms and development partnerships in poverty eradication, and to strengthen regional and national partnership initiatives aimed at attaining the relevant goals of the WSSD and the MDGs. For more information contact: Forum Manager; tel: +41-22-917-8657; fax: +41-22-917-8084; e-mail: wsscc@who.int; Internet: http://www.wsscc.org/dakar

FIFTH RAMSAR EUROPEAN REGIONAL MEETING:
4 December 2004 - 8 December 2004. Yerevan, Armenia. The European regional meeting will focus on the implementation and effectiveness of the Rasmar Convention on Wetlands. For more information contact: Estelle Gironnet, Ramsar Secretariat; tel: +41-22-999-0170; fax: +41-22-999-0169; e-mail: Europe@ramsar.org; Internet: http://www.ramsar.org

15TH ANNUAL WATER INDUSTRY CONFERENCE:
7 December 2004. London, UK. This conference, sponsored by the Economist conference services, aims at bringing together water industry experts for a day of networking, intelligence-gathering and high-level debate on how to operate in international water markets and how to address measures needed to ensure that the industry maintains its financial profile. For more information contact: Emma Cunis, Economist Conferences; tel: +44-207-830-1020; fax: +44-207-931-0228; e-mail: emmacunis@economist.com; Internet: http://www.economistconferences.com/roundtable/public/con_common.asp?rtID=660&area=2&preview=&rtRegion=4&fprevrt=

INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON AFRICA WATER LAWS - PLURAL LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORKS FOR RURAL WATER MANAGEMENT IN AFRICA:
26 January 2005 - 28 January 2005. Gauteng, South Africa. This workshop will compare ongoing national policy and legal reform in Africa, and their direct and indirect impacts on small-scale rural water development, use, and management, as well as discuss general and site-specific recommendations and guidelines for water management and legal pluralism that foster sustainable development for the poor in Africa. For more information contact: Barbara van Koppen, International Water Management Institute; tel: +27-12-845-9100; e-mail: b.vankoppen@cgiar.org; Internet: http://www.nri.org/waterlaw/workshop.htm

ASIAN WETLAND SYMPOSIUM 2005:
6 February 2005 - 9 February 2005. Bhubaneswar, India. Jointly organized by the Indian Ministry of Forest and Environment, Ramsar Center Japan, Chilika Development Authority, the Government of Orissa, the symposium aims to synergize cooperation among all stakeholders to achieve the wise use of wetlands in Asia and the Pacific. For more information contact: AWS Secretariat India; tel: +91-674-243-4044; fax: +91-674-243-4485; e-mail: ajit@chilika.com; Internet: http://www.aws2005.com/index.htm

RIVER BASIN MANAGEMENT CONFERENCE:
19 May 2005 - 20 May 2005. Budapest, Hungary. Supported by the European Commission's Directorate-General for the Environment, this conference will focus on river basin planning and management particularly with respect to the European Water Framework Directive, which requires progressive protection and enhancement to rivers, lakes, estuaries, coastal waters and wetlands by 2015. For more information contact: Sue Frye, ICE Conferences, Institution of Civil Engineers; tel: +44-20-7665-2315; fax: +44-20-7233-1743; e-mail: sue.frye@ice.org.uk; Internet: http://www.riverbasinmanagement2005.com/

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON WATER ECONOMICS, STATISTICS AND FINANCE:
8 July 2005 - 10 July 2005. Rethymno, Crete, Greece. This international conference will focus on the economic, financial and statistical aspects of water and sanitation. Planned by the IWA Statistics & Economics Specialist Group, this conference seeks to make a major contribution to the transfer of knowledge from research to practice covering the entire water cycle, ultimately influencing major policy decisions. For more information contact: Konstantinos Tsagarakis; e-mail: iwa@econ.soc.uoc.gr; Internet: http://www.unesco.org/water/water_events/Detailed/814.shtml
 

Linkages is provided by the International Institute for Sustainable Development, publishers of the Earth Negotiations Bulletin.
It is designed to be an electronic clearing-house for information on past and upcoming international meetings
related to environment and development policy.