LINKAGES UPDATE - an e-update of new additions to IISD’s Linkages website - 19 July 2004

ONGOING MEETINGS COVERED BY THE EARTH NEGOTIATIONS BULLETIN


International Tropical Timber Council MEETS FOR 36th Session
20-23 July 2004 | Interlaken, Switzerland
Delegates to ITTC-36 will discuss, inter alia: listing proposals for the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES); preparations for negotiating a successor agreement to the 1994 International Tropical Timber Agreement (ITTA, 1994); progress reports on the study of forest law enforcement and governance in Malaysia and Honduras; phased approaches to certification in selected producing member countries; developments in UN Framework Convention on Climate Change/Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (UNFCCC/IPCC) discussions regarding forests; efforts undertaken by the Secretariat to better raise awareness of the purpose and activities of the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO); and the promotion of sustainable forest management (SFM) in the Congo Basin.

The 34th sessions of the ITTC’s Committees on Economic Information and Market Intelligence (CEM), Forest Industry (CFI) and Reforestation and Forest Management (CRF) will also meet to, inter alia: consider the report of the Expert Panel for Technical Appraisal of Project Proposals; consider reports on completed projects and pre-projects; conduct ex-post evaluations; review projects, pre-projects and activities in progress; and consider project and pre-project proposals. The ITTC’s Committee on Finance and Administration (CFA) will convene its 15th session to review, inter alia, the status of the Administrative Account and resources of the Special Account and the Bali Partnership Fund.

Immediately following ITTC-36, the UN Conference for the Negotiation of a Successor Agreement to the ITTA, 1994 will convene from 26-30 July 2004, in Geneva, Switzerland. Click here to follow ENB's coverage of ITTC-36.
 

RECENT MEETINGS


INTERNATIONAL AIDS EVENT ENDS WITH CALLS FOR FUNDS AND ACTION

11-16 July 2004 | Bangkok, Thailand
Convening under the theme “Access for All,” the XV International AIDS Conference was attended by some 20,000 participants. The biennial event comprised a wide variety of sessions and activities. Daily plenary sessions focused on issues such as access to resources, scaling up access to treatment, ensuring access for youth and women, expanding options and access for prevention, and overcoming challenges through empowerment and action. The conference also saw the release of several key publications (see publications section below) and the launching of the South Asia Inter-Religious Council on HIV/AIDS, an initiative by South Asian religious leaders of various faiths that aims to mobilize communities and resources to respond to the HIV/AIDS epidemic.
Strong leadership needed … The conference commenced on a disappointing note with the cancellation of a summit meeting of world leaders.
US criticized for focus on abstinence … An issue that received considerable attention was the United States’ policy of promoting abstinence as a means of stemming HIV infection, while marginalizing the role of condoms in combating the epidemic. More.
 

AFRICAN GOVERNMENTS ADOPT SOLEMN DECLARATION ON GENDER EQUALITY
6-8 July 2004 | Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Gender equality was the focus of deliberations at the recent African Union Summit. Delegates to the Summit adopted a “Solemn Declaration on Gender Equality in Africa” and a declaration on the ongoing review of the EU Common Agricultural Policy and its impact on trade in commodities with ACP countries. Among several decisions that were adopted was a decision on NEPAD implementation, which notes that at current rates of development, many African countries are unlikely to meet the MDGs due to lack of resource flows. Delegates resolved to undertake necessary measures to enhance the development of expanded and integrated national development plans and related policies, and to fast-track the adoption of NEPAD programmes as a means towards achieving the MDGs. The decision further notes the importance of agriculture in Africa’s development, and reaffirms commitment and determination to raise food production, reduce hunger and transform rural Africa by way of developing and launching Africa’s Green Revolution. More.
 

AMCEN ADDRESSES IMPLEMENTATION OF NEPAD ENVIRONMENT INITIATIVE ACTION PLAN, DISCUSSES ENGAGEMENT WITH OTHER ENVIRONMENTAL PROCESSES
26-30 June 2004 | Sirte, Libya
African Environment Ministers met recently to discuss the implementation of the NEPAD Environment Initiative’s action plan and to address engagement with other international environmental processes, including the
development of a strategic approach to international chemicals management (SAICM), Africa’s strategy concerning disaster risk reduction and African’s input to the ongoing UNEP process on an Intergovernmental Strategic Plan for technology support and capacity building. The session also concluded with the adoption of the Sirte Declaration on the Environment for Development. More.
 

ACP LEADERS COMMIT TO POVERTY ERADICATION, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, PEACE AND STABILITY
21-24 June 2004 | Maputo, Mozambique
Convening under the theme “Together Shaping Our Future,”
the fourth Summit of the Heads of State and Governments of the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries considered issues relating to and took decisions on: peace, security and stability; the Millennium Development Goals; intra-ACP cooperation; ACP-EU relations; negotiations on the Economic Partnership Agreements; and WTO negotiations. The meeting also concluded with the adoption of the Maputo Declaration, which addresses peace, security and stability, multilateralism, sustainable development, visibility of the ACP group, and external relations. More.

 

SYMPOSIUM RECOMMENDS KEY STRATEGIES FOR CORAL REEF CONSERVATION
28 June - 2 July 2004 | Okinawa, Japan
Coral reef experts, government officials and NGO representatives met recently to address the protection of the world’s coral reefs. In a final Declaration on Conservation and Restoration of Endangered Coral Reefs of the World, delegates recommended four key strategies for coral reef conservation: achieve sustainable fisheries; increase effective marine protected areas; ameliorate land-use change impacts; and develop technology for coral reef restoration. More.
 

INTERNATIONAL CORAL REEF INITIATIVE CONVENES GENERAL MEETING
3-4 July 2004 | Okinawa, Japan
The general meeting of the International Coral Reef Initiative (ICRI) convened recently to consider issues concerning coral reef conservation. In addition to hearing reports from the ICRI Secretariat, members and working groups, delegates discussed: regional activities, including regional sustainable tourism and fisheries; engagement with other processes; and emerging issues. More.

FAO MEETING REVIEWS PROGRESS OF IPOA-IUU IMPLEMENTATION
24-29 June 2004 | Rome, Italy
FAO convened a technical consultation recently to review progress and promote the implementation of the International Plan of Action (IPOA) to prevent, deter and eliminate illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing. The meeting concluded with recommendations that governments increase the severity of penalties for IUU fishing, cooperate more to suppress trade in illegally caught fish, and establish better international controls on exports of fishing boats from one region to another. More.
 

UNECE SEMINAR ADDRESSES FLOOD PREVENTION, PROTECTION AND MITIGATION
21-22 June 2004 | Berlin, Germany
Members of the UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) met recently to address the UNECE’s Water Convention on the protection and use of transboundary watercourses and international lakes, focusing on the implementation of the Guidelines on Sustainable Flood Prevention, adopted by the Parties to the Convention in March 2000. More.

DONORS DISCUSS SPECIAL CLIMATE CHANGE FUND
1 July 2004 | Paris, France
Potential donors for the Special Climate Change Fund have discussed funding options at a meeting in Paris. The gathering brought possible donors together with representatives of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Global Environment Facility (GEF). The Special Climate Change Fund was approved by the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC in November 2001, and is managed by the GEF. More.
 

LINKAGES UPDATE


Linkages Update is our means of keeping you informed of what’s new on IISD Reporting Services' Linkages website. This page is updated on a fortnightly basis, while the website continually posts new information provided by our contributing writers. If you wish to submit relevant materials or subscribe to Linkages Update, e-mail prisna@iisd.org.

Linkages provides updates on:
Recent meetings
Upcoming meetings
Media reports
Key publications, online resource
Comings and goings

Click here for the online version and archives of Linkages Update.
 

COMINGS AND GOINGS


Appointments

EU PRESIDENCY CHANGES HANDS
The EU Presidency changed hands from Ireland to the Netherlands on 1 July. The Dutch will hold the Presidency until 31 December 2004.

ARBOUR ASSUMES DUTIES AS HUMAN RIGHTS HIGH COMMISSIONER
Louise Arbour has begun her duties as the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. The Canadian Supreme Court Justice replaces Sergio Vieira de Mello, who was killed in August 2003 in a bomb attack on the UN headquarters in Baghdad. In the 1990s, Arbour served as chief prosecutor for international tribunals dealing with war crimes in the former Yugoslavia and genocide in Rwanda.

PRONK APPOINTED AS SPECIAL REP FOR SUDAN, SIR RICHARD JOLLY RETURNS TO CHAIR WSSCC
Following his appointment as Special Representative for Sudan, Jan Pronk has decided to step down from his position as Chair of the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC). At Pronk’s suggestion, and following agreement by the WSSCC Steering Committee, Sir Richard Jolly has agreed to return to his previous role as head of the Council. Sir Richard has expressed his desire that this appointment not be a long term solution, and WSSCC is initiating a search process to identify and approach suitable candidates to fill this key position.

CHANGING FACES AT UNFF
Susan Braatz, who was an FAO secondment with the UN Forum on Forests, ended a three year term as Senior Forest Policy Officer responsible for the forest policy coordination group. Peter Csoka, formerly Director General of Hungary’s State Forest Service, has joined the UNFF Secretariat as a new Senior Forest Policy Officer. Kyaw Kyaw Shane retired after more than 20 years of service to the United Nations. During the past four years, he worked in the UNFF Secretariat as a Senior Forest Policy Officer.

Vacancies

FISHERIES COMMISSION SEEKS EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR: Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia; 1 September 2004.

SENIOR FAO FISHERY INDUSTRY OFFICER VACANCY: P-5; Rome, Italy; 20 August 2004.

BIRDLIFE INTERNATIONAL SEEKS PROGRAMME DEVELOPMENT:
Cambridge, UK; 6 August 2004.

RAMSAR CONVENTION SEEKS REGIONAL INTERNS: Gland, Switzerland; 10 August 2004.

UNFPA SEEKS REGIONAL PROGRAMME COORDINATOR: L-5; Division for Arab State and Europe, New York; 2 August 2004.

IUCN WEST AFRICA SEEKS WATER RESOURCES PROGRAMME MANAGER: Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso; 30 July 2004.

UN-NGLS SEEKS DEPUTY TO THE COORDINATOR: L-4; New York; 29 July 2004.

UNECE SHORT-TERM INFORMATION CONTENT MANAGER VACANCY: L-2 position beginning 16 August 2004 for an initial duration of 2 months; Geneva (local recruitment only); 28 July 2004.


Click here for complete postings on appointments, departures and vacancies.
 

MEDIA REPORTS


GEF SPONSORS WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN CLEAN-UP
The Global Environment Facility has announced the launch of a three-year, $11 million project to cut pollution in the Western Indian Ocean. The new project, to be implemented by UNEP, is aimed at strengthening pollution laws, regulations and cooperation among the countries and islands that share the ocean. More.

GREAT BARRIER REEF BECOMES WORLD’S LARGEST MPA
Australia’s Great Barrier Reef has become the world’s largest marine protected area (MPA) following a new national zoning plan under which all commercial and recreational fishing will be banned in 11 million hectares of the marine park. More.

WSSCC ANNOUNCES WASH MEDIA AWARDS
The Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC), in collaboration with the International Federation of Environmental Journalists (IFEJ), is holding a competition for journalists from developing countries who investigate issues in their countries related to water, sanitation and hygiene.
More.

TRADE DEAL ELUDES DELEGATES AS DEADLINE NEARS
Negotiators discussing an overall framework for the Doha trade round have yet to reach agreement with a key deadline just days away. More.

EXPERTS RAISE REGIONAL CLIMATE FEARS
Severe droughts in India, malaria and malnutrition in Namibia, flooding in Nepal and water shortages in Australia are the latest threats identified in a succession of recent studies on the regional impacts of climate change. More.

US-EU EMISSIONS TRADING URGED
The US and the EU should negotiate a trans-Atlantic climate trade agreement setting binding limits on greenhouse gases and establishing an emissions trading programme between the two continents, says a former US negotiator.

EU struggles with internal trading scheme: Meanwhile, it appears the EU is not yet ready to introduce its own internal emissions trading scheme, according to a key official.

…while the UK considers the nuclear option: In other news, UK Prime Minister Tony Blair has told a parliamentary committee that the country may need to increase its reliance on nuclear power if it is to keep its pledges to cut carbon dioxide emissions. More.


GENERAL ASSEMBLY ADOPTS RESOLUTIONS ON STREAMLINING OPERATIONS AND EXPANDING HOLY SEE PARTICIPATION
The United Nations General Assembly recently initiated the first phase of a multi-year plan to streamline and revamp its operations. The GA also adopted a resolution expanding the Holy See’s participation in the work of the UN. More.

ATHENS OLYMPICS LOSES CHANCE AT ENVIRONMENTAL MEDAL
The Athens 2004 Olympics environmental performance has fallen short of deserving any medals, according to a recent WWF report. More.

POPULATION UPDATE

UN urges greater commitment to women’s rights on World Population Day:
This year’s World Population Day, celebrated on 11 July, also marked the 10th anniversary of the International Conference on Population and Development held in Cairo in 1994.

US joins Latin America and Caribbean in adopting population and development resolution: Delegates at the recent ECLAC session adopted a resolution endorsing a declaration that reaffirms commitment to the principles, objectives and actions in the Cairo ICPD Programme of Action.

US decides to withhold population funding: The US administration has decided not to release the $34 million appropriated by Congress for the UNFPA, funds which according to the UN organization are urgently needed to stem the spread of HIV/AIDS, prevent maternal deaths, and provide family planning. More.

AUSTRALIANS AWARDED POPULATION PRIZE
Australians John Caldwell and Catherine Hamlin were recently bestowed the United Nations Population Award, conferred annually to individuals and institutions for outstanding work in the field of population and the improvement of health and welfare of individuals. More.

UNEP OPENS OFFICE TO FOCUS ON CARPATHIAN MOUNTAIN RANGE
UNEP has opened a new office in Vienna to focus on protecting the Carpathian mountain range and promoting environmental cooperation in Central and Southeastern Europe. More.

UNEP ANNOUNCES RESPONSIBLE INVESTMENT INITIATIVE
UNEP recently announced that it will work with major institutional investors to develop a set of globally recognized principles for responsible investment by September 2005. More.
 


12 AFRICAN COUNTRIES CALL FOR RENEWED BAN ON IVORY TRADE
A call for a full ban on ivory trade was the outcome of a meeting between representatives from 12 African Francophone countries. In related news, the Spanish police have seized 2.9 tonnes of poached African ivory in Madrid, estimated to have caused the death of 400 elephants. More.

PROJECT LAUNCHED TO BOOST CONSERVATION OF CROP WILD RELATIVES
A project aimed at boosting the conservation of wild relatives of crops has been launched by the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute and UNEP/GEF.
More.

MEDITERRANEAN SEA TURTLES THREATENED BY UNCONTROLLED TOURISM AND FUNDING CUTS
The largest population of Mediterranean loggerhead turtles, nesting on the Greek island of Zakynthos, will be lost unless the Government of Greece resumes the funding it withdrew months ago and stops uncontrolled tourism, warns WWF. More.

GM TREES DESTROYED IN FINLAND
Four hundred genetically modified birch trees in eastern Finland were chopped down or torn up by their roots over the 19-20 June 2004 weekend. More.

BRAZIL’S ARMY ENTERS FIGHT AGAINST ILLEGAL DEFORESTATION
Brazil’s Environment and Defense ministers signed a cooperation pact on 13 July 2004 through which the environment ministry will provide 100 million reals (more than US$3 million) to the defense ministry for the services of 100 soldiers and 18 helicopters. More.

ORGANIC TECHNIQUES GROW BETTER TOMATOES
Tomatoes grown with organic mulch and less chemical fertilizer do better than conventionally-grown tomatoes, a recent study showed. More.

AIR CLEANERS INEFFECTIVE AGAINST VOCS
Commercially-available air cleaning devices, marketed for home use, are ineffective against common household volatile organic compounds (VOCs), according to a recent study.

US FILES FORMAL COMMENT WITH WTO ON EU REACH PROPOSAL
Citing concerns with the EU’s Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restrictions of Chemicals (REACH) proposal, the US has filed a formal comment with the World Trade Organization’s Technical Barriers to Trade Committee.
More.

KEY PUBLICATIONS AND ONLINE RESOURCES


Sustainable development


AARHUS CLEARINGHOUSE FOR ENVIRONMENTAL DEMOCRACY
The Aarhus Clearinghouse for Environmental Democracy is an online resource that will be used to collect, disseminate, and exchange information on laws and practices relevant to the rights of public access to environmental information, public participation in environmental decision-making, and public access to justice on environmental matters. The clearinghouse supports the functioning of the Aarhus Convention’s compliance mechanism and provides the Convention’s compliance committee information on national implementing legislation and practices. It was developed for the UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) by UNEP/GRID-Arendal with the support of the Government of Norway. Users can search for information based on “what” the goal is (i.e. access to information), “how” it is achieved (i.e. policy or procedures), “who” is doing it (i.e. governments or NGOs) and “where” in the world it is taking place.

MOBILITY 2030: MEETING THE CHALLENGES TO SUSTAINABILITY
(World Business Council for Sustainable Development, July 2004) Mobility 2030 is the final report of the WBCSD’s Sustainable Mobility project, which began in early 2000 to develop a clearer understanding of how developed and developing societies can address the adverse effects of increasing levels of transport activity. Twelve international companies – eight automobile, two oil and two large suppliers – are behind the initiative, which was co-chaired by Jeroen van der Veer, Royal Dutch/Shell Group of Companies, Shoichiro Toyoda, Toyota, and Tom Gottschalk, General Motors. The report identifies seven sustainable mobility goals and establishes a set of indicators to help measure the effectiveness of the various options. The seven goals are: ensuring conventional emissions from transport are not a significant health concern anywhere; limiting greenhouse gas emissions from transport to sustainable levels; significantly reducing traffic-related deaths and serious injuries worldwide; reducing transport-related noise; mitigating traffic congestion; narrowing the divide in mobility opportunities that exists between and within different societies and regions of the world; and preserving and improving existing mobility opportunities. The report states that some mobility challenges will take up to 50 years to resolve, and action should start now.

PUTTING PARTNERSHIPS TO WORK: STRATEGIC ALLIANCES FOR DEVELOPMENT BETWEEN GOVERNMENT, THE PRIVATE SECTOR AND CIVIL SOCIETY
(Greenleaf Books, June 2004) This book, edited by Michael Warner of the Overseas Development Institute, UK, and Rory Sullivan, Insight Investment, UK, is about partnerships between the private sector, government and civil society. It presents case studies in establishing and implementing such partnerships and seeks to demonstrate how partnerships work, focusing on the oil, gas and mining industries. The book is based on the work of the Secretariat of the Natural Resources Cluster (NRC) of Business Partners for Development (BPD), a research programme that ran from 1998 to 2002, which sought to enhance the role of oil, gas and mining corporations in international development and to offer guidance on how multistakeholder partnerships can be an effective means of reducing investment risks and of promoting community and regional development. The programme encompassed partnerships in Azerbaijan, Bolivia, Colombia, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Tanzania, Venezuela, and Zambia. The text’s conclusions relating to business issues faced by the industries include: maintaining community relations during periods of investment uncertainty; contributing to community development; securing the social license to operate; preventing and resolving disputes with communities and NGOs; creating local employment and managing retrenchment; contributing to long-term regional development; and managing the closure of projects.

SCIENTIFIC INTEGRITY IN POLICY MAKING: FURTHER INVESTIGATION OF THE BUSH ADMINISTRATION'S ABUSE OF SCIENCE
(Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS), July 2004) This report investigates several new incidents of abuse of science by the Bush administration that have occurred since February 2004 when the first UCS report was released in conjunction with a statement signed by 62 preeminent scientists that charged the Bush administration with rampant and unprecedented “manipulation of the process through which science enters into its decisions.” The new report illustrates cases where science has been censored, distorted, ignored or manipulated, including in the areas of mountaintop removal mining, endangered salmon, emergency contraception, NIH Drug Abuse Panel, and the President’s Council on Bioethics. According to UCS, concern in the scientific community continues to grow, with over 4000 scientists having signed onto the statement since the February report was released. Supporters include 48 Nobel laureates, 62 National Medal of Science recipients, and 127 members of the National Academy of Sciences, with representation from both Democratic and Republican political affiliations.

Forests

VIEWS OF COUNTRIES AND ORGANIZATIONS ON ISSUES BEFORE THE UNFF AD HOC EXPERT GROUP ON A LEGAL FRAMEWORK
(UNFF, 2004) In preparation for its September 2004 meeting, the UNFF Secretariat has made available compilations of member States’ and organizations’ views on the issues before the Ad Hoc Expert Group on Consideration with a view to Recommending the Parameters of a Mandate for Developing a Legal Framework on all Types of Forests. These documents comprise submissions from 13 members States and two members of the Collaborative Partnership on Forests (CPF). The member States who submitted views include Burundi, Canada, Egypt, the EU, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway, Panama, Switzerland and the US. The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) submitted views as members of the CPF.

Biodiversity

SUMMARY DOCUMENT OF THE FAO E-MAIL CONFERENCE ON “MOLECULAR MARKER ASSISTED SELECTION AS A POTENTIAL TOOL FOR GENETIC IMPROVEMENT OF CROPS, FOREST TREES, LIVESTOCK AND FISH IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES”
This document provides a summary of the main arguments and concerns raised during the moderated e-mail conference, hosted by the FAO Biotechnology Forum from 17 November to 14 December 2003. Eighty-five messages were posted during the conference, with about 60% from people living in developing countries.
 


HIV/AIDS:
The following reports were launched at the recent XV International AIDS Conference held in Bangkok.

2004 REPORT ON THE GLOBAL AIDS EPIDEMIC
(UNAIDS) This 235+ page report presents a global overview of the AIDS epidemic. It indicates that infection rate in 2003 was the highest ever, with an estimated 4.8 million people newly infected with HIV. Some 38 million people are now living with AIDS, with 25 million residing in sub-Saharan Africa. Half of all new HIV infections are now found in the 15 to 24 year-old age group. The report looks at the impacts of AIDS on people and societies, and outlines means of scaling up HIV prevention, particularly for youth. It also focuses on treatment, care and support for people living with HIV, and addresses financing issues and national responses. Annexes contain country-specific HIV/AIDS estimates and data.

BATTLING HIV/AIDS: A DECISION-MAKER'S GUIDE TO THE PROCUREMENT OF MEDICINES AND RELATED SUPPLIES
(World Bank, July 2004) This publication provides a practical, step-by-step procurement guide to assist developing countries in expanding AIDS patients' access to anti-retroviral medicines. The book opens with a chapter on the challenges in scaling up treatment of HIV/AIDS, and presents a guide to: intellectual property rights; managing the supply cycle; product selection, quantification and quality assurance; procurement; and pricing.

ASIA PACIFIC’S OPPORTUNITY: INVESTING TO AVERT AN HIV/AIDS CRISIS
(UNAIDS and ADB, July 2004) This publication argues that Asia Pacific countries are at a “make-or-break point" with HIV/AIDS. While infection is much lower than those of sub-Saharan Africa, the course of the epidemic in the region, which houses over half the world’s people, will determine the magnitude and toll of the HIV/AIDS pandemic in the next decade. This study stresses the need for Asia-Pacific leaders to tackle the massive shortfall in the finances needed to establish comprehensive prevention, care and treatment responses in every country. The publication concludes with five actions that national governments must take to prevent the HIV/AIDS epidemic from spreading.

HIV/AIDS AND WORK: GLOBAL ESTIMATES, IMPACT AND RESPONSE
(ILO, July 2004) This report presents global projections of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the world’s workforce. Its finding show that about 36.5 million people of working age have HIV and about 28 million workers will be lost to the world’s labor force by next year since the beginning of the epidemic. It underscores the twofold impact of HIV/AIDS on workers - on those infected who will have to drop out of the workforce and on others who will need to shoulder the economic burden and the burden of care of those who are dying of the epidemic. The study also addresses the macroeconomic and social impacts of the epidemic and outlines policy implications and responses to the epidemic in world of work.

CHILDREN ON THE BRINK 2004: A JOINT REPORT OF NEW ORPHAN ESTIMATES AND A FRAMEWORK FOR ACTION
(UNAIDS, UNICEF and USAID, July 2004) This publication presents the most up-to-date statistics on historical, current and projected number of children under 18 who have been orphaned by AIDS. The report also outlines key strategies for a framework for the protection, care and support of orphans and vulnerable children confronted with HIV/AIDS. According to the report, the number of AIDS orphans increased from 11.5 million to 15 million in the period 2001-2003, with the majority of orphans from Africa. The numbers for Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean have decreased by about 10% since 1990.

SCALING UP TREATMENT FOR THE GLOBAL HIV PANDEMIC
(National Academies Press, 2004) This publication presents the challenges and opportunities of scaling up treatment of HIV. The study notes that some six million individuals currently need antiretroviral therapy, but only 400,000 people in developing nations have access to treatment. Chapters further address lessons learned, principles of scale-up, managing scaling-up of anti-retroviral therapy, and recommendations for the way forward, including through partnerships, technology transfer, and the mobilization of a Peace Corps-like “HIV/AIDS corps” of technical specialists.

ANALYSIS OF AID IN SUPPORT OF HIV/AIDS CONTROL, 2000-2002
(OECD DAC and UNAIDS, June 2004) This report presents the results of a review of data on aid allocations to HIV/AIDS control by donor and recipient countries. Key findings illustrate that DAC members’ total ODA commitments for HIV/AIDS control in 2000-2002 were $US 2.2 billion per year. The main recipient region was Sub-Saharan Africa and the top three recipient countries were Nigeria, Kenya and Uganda. The United States was the largest bilateral donor, followed by the United Kingdom. Larger donors were found to be the main funders of treatment programmes, which require substantial funding and long-term commitments, while smaller donors focused more on HIV prevention, but also supported home-based care and social mitigation activities.

Water, wetlands, oceans, coasts

COLD-WATER CORAL REEFS: OUT OF SIGHT - NO LONGER OUT OF MIND
(UNEP-WCMC, July 2004) Initiated by the Coral Reef Unit at the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), with support from WWF and the Governments of Ireland, Norway and the United Kingdom, this report presents comprehensive and up-to-date information and data on marine cold-water coral reefs around the world, including the documentation of cold-water coral reef damage from fishing, oil and gas production and exploration and from placement of under-sea pipelines and cables. The report also makes some 24 recommendations, including the need for dialogue with the fishing industry and other stakeholders in the development of regulations and measures for the conservation, protection and sustainable development of cold-water coral reefs in waters within and beyond the limits of national jurisdiction, and the need for more international coordination and awareness.

IUCN GLOBAL REEF PORTFOLIO
(IUCN, July 2004) Released at the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium, this report is a synopsis of coral reef activities that are taking place throughout the organization, within its programmes, regional offices, and commissions, and in particular IUCN’s Species Survival Commission and the World Commission on Protected Areas. The portfolio represents a first step in developing a targeted, strategic coral reef initiative within IUCN and aims to stimulate international engagement in emerging coral reef issues.


Invitations for public comment

MILLENNIUM ECOSYSTEM ASSESSMENT REPORTS AVAILABLE FOR COMMENTS
Three global reports on conditions and trends, scenarios and response options by the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) are now available for the second round of expert and government review. Involving some 1,500 of the world’s leading experts, the MA is the largest scientific assessment ever made of the consequences of ecosystem change for human well-being. The first review round was concluded in March 2004 with over 6,500 comments submitted by 35 governments and nearly 250 expert reviewers from 45 countries. Individuals are invited to participate in the second round of review of the reports. Comments are due on 23 August 2004.

MINING AND METALS SECTOR SUPPLEMENT TO GRI’S SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING GUIDELINES AVAILABLE FOR COMMENTS
The Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) and the International Council on Mining and Metals (ICMM) convened in 2003 a multistakeholder working group with the purpose of developing a Mining and Metals Sector Supplement to the GRI 2002 Sustainability Reporting Guidelines. A draft of the Supplement is now available for public comment and suggestions on how to improve the document and, in particular, proposals on the specific wording of indicators are welcome. The deadline for submitting comments is 23 August 2004. GRI has also prepared an abridged version of the 2002 Sustainability Reporting Guidelines that integrates the draft Mining and Metals Supplement to facilitate ease of use for reviewers and practitioners and illustrate how the Supplement fits in the context of the GRI reporting framework. Download the Supplement and public comment form and the abridged integrated Guidelines.

GLOBAL - CITY FUTURES - ONLINE SURVEY
Readers interested in the future and quality of “urban” human habitation on Earth are invited to participate in a global online survey to express their “preferred city vision.” The purpose of this survey is to research "humanity’s preferred vision for human habitation on the Earth in 2100." Information will be collected until the end of August 2004 and the research will be completed by December 2004.

Chemicals management

NEW INFORMATION GUIDE ON CHILDHOOD PESTICIDE POISONING RELEASED BY FAO, UNEP, WHO
(FAO, UNEP, and WHO) This information guide for advocacy and action on childhood pesticide poisoning was prepared by Lynn Goldman, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health (Baltimore, USA). Highlighting that pesticides cause millions of acute poisonings every year, and that many victims are children and adolescents, the report provides information on risk, health effects, exposure scenarios, and prevention strategies.

2003 OECD EXICHEM DATABASE OF CHEMICALS-RELATED ACTIVITIES
Released by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the EXICHEM database provides information on current, planned and completed activities on existing chemicals in OECD Member countries and other relevant bodies. Envisioned as a “pointer system,” it lists ongoing chemicals management activities (e.g. information gathering, testing and evaluation). The goal of the database is to assist countries in identifying opportunities for cooperation on specific activities on existing chemicals and to avoid duplication of work.

THE GLOBAL PURSUIT OF THE SOUND MANAGEMENT OF CHEMICALS
(World Bank, February 2004) This World Bank report describes the international chemicals agenda from a historical perspective. It summarizes the chemicals problem as well as provides information on the numerous international agreements and initiatives promoting chemical safety. The report was written by John Buccini, chair of UNEP’s Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee on Persistent Organic Pollutants, who led the development of the 2001 Stockholm Convention on POPs. It is available online in two parts: p1-67 and p68-83.

Climate

SOUTH-NORTH DIALOGUE ON EQUITY IN THE GREENHOUSE – A PROPOSAL FOR AN ADEQUATE AND EQUITABLE GLOBAL CLIMATE AGREEMENT
(Wuppertal Institute and the Energy Research Centre at Cape Town University) This publication, produced by 14 climate researchers from both developed and developing countries, outlines proposals for the content of a future climate agreement building on existing international treaties. The report outlines suggestions for how to approach the issue of climate mitigation, recommending “deep cuts” in emissions from industrialized countries, and “differentiated mitigation commitments” for four groups of developing countries. It also contains recommendations for adaptation policies designed to address the needs of the most vulnerable countries. The text concludes with recommendations on the future of the political process needed to secure such an agreement.

ARCTIC MISSION - THE CYBERDOCUMENTARY
This cyber-documentary brings viewers on board the Sedna IV, a trawling turn research vessel, for a scientific adventure through the Arctic region in search of signs of climate change. Arctic Mission is an interactive, educational and entertaining resource that allows viewers to learn more about climatology and the impacts of global warming though different online activities. The resource is available in both English and French.

Trade and sustainable development

LESSONS LEARNED ON TRADE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: DISTILLING SIX YEARS OF RESEARCH FROM THE TRADE KNOWLEDGE NETWORK
(IISD, July 2004) This book synthesizes lessons learned from the first six years of the Trade Knowledge Network, a network of researchers in eight developing countries working on issues of trade and sustainable development. It provides an overview of issues from a Southern perspective, and can serve a primer on trade and sustainable development issues. The chapters address: the relationship and tension between environment and development; trade-related environmental standards; green opportunities; the need for strong domestic institutions for trade and environment to be mutually supportive; the Southern agenda on trade and environment; and the need for more research, capacity building.

NEW UPCOMING MEETINGS


Announcements

DSD RE-OPENS ACCREDITATION PROCESS FOR NON-ACCREDITED NGOS INTERESTED IN ATTENDING THE MAURITIUS INTERNATIONAL MEETING
The United Nations Division for Sustainable Development (DSD) has re-opened the accreditation process for NON accredited NGOs wishing to attend the International Meeting to review the implementation of the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States, to be held in Mauritius from 10-14 January 2005. Applications must be submitted by 1 September 2004. More information is available at: http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/mgroups/sidsreviewandmajorgroups.htm

Change of dates

SECOND MEETING OF THE ISP:
2 September 2004 – 4 September 2004. Nairobi, Kenya. The second meeting of UNEP’s high-level open-ended intergovernmental working group for the intergovernmental strategic plan for technology support and capacity-building will now be held in Nairobi from 2-4 September 2004. For more information contact: UNEP; tel: +1-212-963-8210; fax: +1-212-963-7341; e-mail: info@nyo.unep.org; Internet: http://www.nyo.unep.org/

AFRICAN REGIONAL PREPARATORY CONFERENCE FOR CRIC-3:
December 2004. Bamako, Mali. The African regional conference preparatory to the third session of the CCD’s Committee for the Review of the Implementation of the Convention (CRIC-3) will convene in Bamako, Mali in December 2004. The exact dates have not been announced. For more information contact: UNCCD Secretariat; tel: +49-228-815-2802; fax: +49-228-815-2898; e-mail: secretariat@unccd.int; Internet: http://www.unccd.int/main.php

Click here for a complete listing of upcoming meetings

The following are upcoming meetings recently added to Linkages website:

Sustainable development

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON THE ROLE OF THE UNIVERSITY IN PROMOTING DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE FOR PEACE AND DEVELOPMENT:
22 July 2004 - 23 July 2004. New York, US. This meeting is sponsored by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and organized by the Division for Public Administration and Development Management of UN DESA, the University of Rome La Sapienza, and the Permanent Mission of Italy to the UN. The meeting is expected to explore five themes: the role of universities in promoting sustainable development: a global strategy; cooperation strategies between universities, governments and citizens in strengthening democracy and good governance, locally, nationally and regionally; the role of universities in leadership development; the role of universities in the situation of humanitarian crisis and post-conflict reconstruction: challenges, priorities and prospects; and experiences on cooperation programmes between universities and other organizations. For more information contact: Adriana Alberti, Division for Public Administration and Development Management; tel: +1-212-963-2299; Internet: http://www.segretariatosociale.rai.it/INGLESE/agenda/agenda_testiE/22-23_lug_2004.html

2005 WORLD EXPOSITION: 25 March 2005 - 25 September 2005. Aichi, Japan. Organized under the theme “Nature’s Wisdom,” the first world exposition of the 21st century aims to present “a model of society and new directions in the development of cultures and civilizations by learning from Nature’s Wisdom, realized through a broad range of interaction among the people of the world.” The Expo, which expects 15 million visitors, will also contain a NGO Global Village to allow NPOs/NGOs to organize learning programmes directed toward the development of a sustainable society. For more information contact: Yukio Kamino, Co-Chair, International Coordination Committee, OISCA-International; tel: +81-52-569-2108; fax: +81-52-569-2115; Internet: http://www-0.expo2005.or.jp/en/

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGAGING COMMUNITIES: 14 August 2005 - 18 August 2005. Brisbane, Australia. The UN DESA’s Division for Public Administration and Development Management is partnering with the State Government of Queensland, Australia to organize this conference on “citizen-government dialoguing for social justice and social equity.” Among other issues, the Conference aims to explore “engagement” practices from across the globe and examine the role of participation in good governance. For more information contact: Adil Khan, UN Division for Public Administration and Development Management; tel: +1-212-963-6168; e-mail: International.conference@getinvolved.qld.gov.au; Internet: http://203.15.126.204/Share_your_knowledge/UN_Conference/

Biodiversity and wildlife

SEVENTH SESSION OF THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL COMMITTEE ON INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND GENETIC RESOURCES, TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE AND FOLKLORE OF WIPO:
1 November 2004 - 5 November 2004. Geneva, Switzerland. This meeting is organized by the World Intellectual Property Organization. For more information contact: WIPO; tel: +41-22-338-9111; fax: +41-22-733-5428; e-mail: grtkf@wipo.int; Internet: http://www.wipo.int/documents/en/meetings/2004/igc/index_7.html

Climate, energy and atmosphere

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON RES AND RUE FOR ISLANDS - SUSTAINABLE ENERGY SOLUTIONS:
30 August 2004 - 31 August 2004. Larnaka, Cyprus. This conference will address issues related to sustainable development for islands and will present the most recent research in renewable energy sources (RES) and rational use of energy (RUE), as well as the most successful policies and local initiatives undertaken to solve island-specific energy needs. The conference will showcase how sustainable energy development can foster sustainable economic and social solutions in the fields of commerce, building, industry, tourism, and desalination using RES, how islands can reduce their traditional dependence on energy import, and how R&D and technology can be developed and transferred to those isolated energy markets. For more information contact: Conference Secretariat, Cyprus Institute of Energy, Ministry of Commerce, Industry & Tourism; tel: +357-2240-9385; fax: +357-2230-4759; e-mail: cie@cytanet.com.cy; Internet: http://www.cie.org.cy

ANKARA CLIMATE CHANGE CONFERENCE: 1 September 2004 - 3 September 2004. Ankara, Turkey. This conference will focus on potential partnerships involving international and Turkish stakeholders in light of Turkey’s recent accession to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in May 2004. It is expected to raise awareness about climate change domestically, including the responsibilities and opportunities for cooperation under the UN climate treaty. For more information contact: Yunus Arikan, Conference Secretariat; tel: +90-312-287-6721; fax: +90-312-285-5875; e-mail: envir@ttnet.net.tr; Internet: http://www.cevreorman.gov.tr/iklimkonferansi/index_e.htm

CONFERENCE ON DEVELOPING A SECURE AND SUSTAINABLE TRANS-EUROPEAN ENERGY NETWORK: 22 September 2004 - 23 September 2004. Brussels, Belgium. This conference will cover the major issues relating to the future development of a secure and sustainable Trans-European Energy Network. For more information contact: Dan Craft; tel: +44-1495-300-012; fax: +44-1495-309-372; e-mail: dan.craft@euconferences.com; Internet: http://www.euconferences.com/fraenergy04.htm

EXPERT WORKSHOP ON GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS AND ABRUPT CLIMATE CHANGE: POSITIVE OPTIONS AND ROBUST POLICY: 30 September 2004 - 1 October 2004. Paris, France. This workshop will address the policy implications of abrupt climate change. The event is taking place at the International Energy Agency’s offices in Paris, and is by invitation only. For more information contact: Peter Read, Workshop Convener; tel: +64-6-350-5972; fax: +64-6-350-5660; e-mail: pread2@attglobal.net; Internet: http://www.accstrategy.org

NINTH WORKSHOP OF THE EUROPEAN PH.D. NETWORK ON INTERNATIONAL CLIMATE POLICY: 15 October 2004 - 16 October 2004. Viterbo, Italy. This workshop, which is open to Ph.D. students and researchers working in international climate policy, will provide a forum to present Ph.D. research ideas and results and engage in discussions with other students and researchers. For more information contact: Leonardo Massai, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University; tel: +49-69-7982-8708; fax: +49-69-7982-8675; e-mail: massai@jur.uni-frankfurt.de; Internet: http://www.ku-eichstaett.de/Fakultaeten/WWF/Lehrstuehle/VWF/icp/

Forests, deserts, land

SCIENTIFIC SYMPOSIUM ON EUROPEAN FORESTS IN ETHICAL DISCOURSE:
18 January 2005 - 19 January 2005. Berlin, Germany. This research symposium, organized by Finland’s University of Joensuu, Faculty of Forestry, and Germany’s University of Freiburg, Faculty of Forest and Environmental Sciences, in collaboration with the Finnish Institute in Germany, the SILVA Network and the European Forest Institute, will consider: ethics and forestry: sustainability, values in conflict; forests, culture and religions; codes of professional ethics; and forest sector: corporate responsibility, fair globalization. For more information contact: Antti Erkkilä, University of Joensuu, Finland; tel: +358-13-251-3628; fax: +358-13-251-3590; e-mail: antti.erkkila@joensuu.fi; Internet: http://www.forest.joensuu.fi/silva/gfen/berlin/Home.htm

Human development

WORLD HABITAT DAY 2004:
4 October 2004. Nairobi, Kenya. This year’s World Habitat Day will be celebrated under the theme “Cities - Engines of rural development.” For more information contact: Jane Nyakairu, Chief, Information Services Section, P.O. Box 30030 Nairobi 00100, Kenya; fax: +254-20-624-060; e-mail: whd@unhabitat.org; Internet: http://www.unhabitat.org/whd/

FOURTH SESSION OF THE PERMANENT FORUM ON INDIGENOUS ISSUES: 9 May 2005 - 20 May 2005. New York, US. The fourth session of the Permanent Forum will focus on the “Millennium Development Goals and Indigenous Peoples,” emphasizing on the MDGs related to the eradication of extreme poverty and hunger and the achievement of universal primary education. For more information contact: Secretariat of the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues; fax: +1-917-367-5100; e-mail: IndigenousPermanentForum@un.org; Internet: http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unpfii/index.html

Intergovernmental organizations

INTENSIVE TRAINING COURSE FOR JUNIOR PROJECT MANAGERS ON EC PROJECT DEVELOPMENT:
23 August 2004 - 27 August 2004. Keszthely, Hungary. This course is designed to provide an overall picture of EU programmes and related EU funding opportunities. For more information contact: Krisztian Lohr; tel: +36-1-250-6703; fax: +36-1-436-9038; e-mail: training@geonardo.hu; Internet: http://www.eucenter.org/training/training_balaton.php

CONFERENCE ON EU LOBBYING 2004:
20 September 2004 - 21 September 2004. Brussels, Belgium. This conference is for organizations that are interested in lobbying, wishing to lobby more effectively, establishing an EU public affairs strategy or updating an existing strategy. Speakers will demonstrate the correct approach to and highlight the pitfalls in lobbying, and presentations will look towards the new EU term and beyond, highlighting trends and future developments for lobbying in the EU. For more information contact: Gavin Stephens; tel: +44-1495-300-012; fax: +44-1495-309-372; e-mail: gavin.stephens@euconferences.com; Internet: http://www.euconferences.com/fralobbying04.htm

FIRST MEETING OF INTELLECTUALS FROM AFRICA AND THE DIASPORA:
6 October 2004 - 9 October 2004. Dakar, Senegal. Held under the auspices of the African Union, this meeting aims to �mark a reawakening of the intellectuals of the African Continent and the Diaspora, a reawakening deemed indispensable for Africa to build a respectable place for itself in the comity of nations.� For more information contact: 251-1-517-844; tel: +251-1-517-700; e-mail: oauaacd@telecom.net.et; Internet: http://www.africa-union.org/News_Events/Calendar_of_%20Events/Conference%20des%20Intellectuels/Draft%20Concept%20Paper.pdf

10TH SUMMIT OF THE FRANCOPHONIE:
26 November 2004 - 27 November 2004. Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. This Summit will convene under the theme �La Francophonie, a community that supports sustainable development.� For more information contact: Secretariat; tel: +226-50-37-43-55; fax: +226-50-37-43-59; e-mail: cnof@fasonet.bf; Internet: http://www.sommet-francophonie.org/ouaga2004/

PROGRAMME ON WORKING WITH THE EU: INSTITUTIONAL RELATIONS AND PUBLIC AFFAIRS:
17 October 2005 - 22 October 2005. Brussels, Belgium. This programme will be delivered by 25 high-level practitioners and EU officials, comprising real lobbying cases, workshops, workgroup projects, visits to the EU Institutions, handouts, a copy of the �Practical Guide to the EU Labyrinth� by Daniel Gu�guen and of the �EU Information Book 2004� by Amcham EU. The programme costs 4200� including all refreshments, lunches and dinners with keynote speakers. Discounts are available for early registrations, NGOs, and applicant countries. For more information contact: Karolina Pyka-Roels, Programme Assistant; tel: +32-2-737-7746; fax: +32-2-732-7525; e-mail: info@eutraining.be; Internet: http://www.eutraining.be

EU FUNDING AT YOUR FINGERTIPS SEMINAR:
25 October 2005 - 26 October 2005. Brussels, Belgium. This two-day seminar will focus on how to make the most of the European grants and loans, through practical methodologies on identifying programmes, finding partners, evaluating budgets, and submitting proposals. The programme costs 1200� including all refreshments, lunches and dinner. For more information contact: Karolina Pyka-Roels, Programme Assistant; tel: +32-2-737-7746; fax: +32-2-732-7525; e-mail: info@eutraining.be; Internet: http://www.eutraining.be

Water, wetlands, oceans, coasts

NINTH INTERNATIONAL LIVING LAKES CONFERENCE:
26 September 2004 - 2 October 2004. British Columbia, Canada. This conference will focus on sustainable tourism and corporate social responsibility for water ecosystems. Coordinated by the Global Nature Fund, the Living Lakes network aims to protect lakes, wetlands and freshwater reservoirs worldwide. For more information contact: Udo Gattenloehner, Global Nature Fund, Fritz-Reichle-Ring 4, 78315 Radolfzell, Germany; tel: +49-0-7732-9995-80; fax: +49-0-7732-9995-88; e-mail: info@globalnature.org; Internet: http://www.globalnature.org/canadaconference/

INTERNATIONAL COURSE ON AFRICAN WETLAND MANAGEMENT:
13 October 2004 - 23 November 2004. Naivasha, Kenya. Aimed at providing knowledge and skills necessary for the management of wetland sites, this international training initiative for wetland managers is a Ramsar Convention-endorsed programme, designed along Ramsar Management Guidelines. This six-week residential course costs US$3000. For more information contact: The Principal, Kenya Wildlife Service Training Institute P.O. BOX 842, Naivasha, Kenya; tel: +254-50-202-0577; fax: +254-50-202-1328; e-mail: kwsti@kenyaweb.com; Internet: http://www.kws.org
 

Linkages is provided by the International Institute for Sustainable Development, publishers of the Earth Negotiations Bulletin.
It is designed to be an electronic clearing-house for information on past and upcoming international meetings
related to environment and development policy.