LINKAGES UPDATE - an e-update of new additions to IISD’s Linkages website - 14 June 2004

UPCOMING COVERAGE BY THE EARTH NEGOTIATIONS BULLETIN


20th Session of the Subsidiary Bodies to the UNFCCC: Bonn, Germany, 16-25 June 2004

RECENT MEETINGS COVERED BY THE EARTH NEGOTIATIONS BULLETIN


MINISTERS AT RENEWABLES 2004 REAFFIRM COMMITMENT TO INCREASE RENEWABLE ENERGY SHARE OF TOTAL ENERGY SUPPLY
1-4 June 2004 | Bonn, Germany
Approximately 3600 participants from 154 countries attended the International Conference for Renewable Energies (renewables 2004), including several Heads of State, 121 Ministers and representatives from governments, IGOs, NGOs, the scientific community and the private sector. Through Plenary sessions, Multi-Stakeholder Dialogues and Ministerial Roundtables and Panels participants addressed financing options, policy frameworks, capacity development and the contribution of renewable energy in meeting the climate challenge, among other issues.

At the closing session, delegates adopted three Conference outcomes: a Political Declaration, Policy Recommendations, and an International Action Programme. In the Declaration, Ministers and government representatives reaffirmed their commitment to increase substantially the global share of renewable energy in the total energy supply, and to do so with a sense of urgency. Policy Recommendations include the call for national governments to develop an overall energy policy that emphasizes renewable energy and fulfills sustainability objectives and to formulate clear goals and targets for renewables. The International Action Programme contains over 156 concrete actions and commitments for developing renewable energy, whose progress will be monitored through the CSD process. Click here for IISD Reporting Service’sdaily and summary reports and web coverage.
 

CONSULTATIVE PROCESS ADDRESSES NEW SUSTAINABLE USES OF OCEANS AND GLOBAL MARINE ASSESSMENT
7-11 June 2004 | New York, US
The fifth meeting of the Open-Ended Informal Consultative Process on Oceans and the Law of the Sea (Consultative Process or UNICPOLOS) took place from 7-11 June 2004, at UN headquarters in New York. A Discussion Panel on the theme “New sustainable uses of the oceans, including the conservation and management of seabed biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction,” met to discuss deep seabed biodiversity, high seas fisheries, and scientific observation in the deep sea and gas hydrates. An international workshop was convened in conjunction with UNICPOLOS-5 to consider a process for global reporting and assessment of the state of the marine environment, including socioeconomic aspects (GMA International Workshop).

In contrast to expectations at the beginning of the week regarding the main issues for discussion, namely the GMA and new sustainable uses of the oceans, delegates expressed mixed feelings about the outcomes of both the GMA International Workshop and the fifth meeting of the Consultative Process. Click here for ENB’s coverageof this meeting, including daily and summary reports and photographs and Real Audio recordings.

 

OTHER RECENT MEETINGS


COPENHAGEN CONSENSUS GIVES HIGH MARKS TO CONTROLLING HIV/AIDS, LOW MARKS FOR CLIMATE MEASURES

24-28 May 2004 | Copenhagen, Denmark
The Environmental Assessment Institute, directed by Bjorn Lomborg, a Danish statistician who authored The Skeptical Environmentalist, organized the “Copenhagen Consensus,” during which a panel of economists was asked to set priorities for confronting ten global challenges. The challenges were civil conflicts, climate change, communicable diseases, education, financial stability, governance, hunger and malnutrition, migration, trade reform, and water and sanitation. The economists prioritized combating HIV/AIDS, while finding measures to address climate change least critical. More.
 


GLOBAL CONSCIENCE CONFERENCE OFFERS ALTERNATIVE VOICE
23-24 May 2004 | Copenhagen, Denmark
The “Global Conscience-Environment, Poverty and Social Development” conference convened in to offer an alternative voice to the Copenhagen Consensus. Speakers included Danish Foreign Minister Per Stig Møller, Executive Director of UNEP Klaus Töpfer, EU Commissioner for the Environment Margot Wallström, and former Danish Minister of the Environment Svend Auken. Participants at this meeting criticized the Copenhagen Consensus’ use of cost-benefit analyses to determine the value of addressing each global challenge, and sought to demonstrate that the fight against poverty and the struggle for a better environment are inseparably interlinked. More.

GEF COUNCIL MEETS, APPROVES WORK PROGRAMME
19-21 May 2004 | Washington, DC
The GEF Council recently approved its work programme, endorsing $233.5 million in grants for 25 projects. The total value of the projects amount to $980.7 million with co-financing of $3 for every $1 approved. More.

SWEET SOLUTION TO OIL CRISIS OFFERED
27-28 May 2004 | Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
A “sweet” way to avoid an impending oil and energy crisis has been suggested by participants at a recent conference - sugar. Delegates attending a recent meeting have discussed the use of sugar as part of a wider solution to recent oil price rises. More.
 

EUROPE'S GREEN WEEK CENTERS ON BEHAVIOR CHANGE
1-4 June 2004 | Brussels, Belgium
Organized by the European Commission’s Directorate General for the Environment, this year’s Green Week centered on behavioral change with a view to encouraging citizens to make informed choices for a greener Europe. More.

FORUM DISCUSSES INTERNET GOVERNANCE
25-26 March 2004 | New York
The Global Forum on Internet Governance was convened to contribute to a process of consultations that would lead to the establishment of a working group on Internet governance by the UN Secretary-General, as requested by the Geneva phase of the WSIS held in December 2003. More.
 

DEAD SEA CONFERENCE ADDRESSES WATER DEMAND MANAGEMENT
30 May - 3 June 2004 | Dead Sea, Jordan
The conference brought together some 1,500 experts and officials from 30 countries to discuss water management and provide water consumers, specifically industry and commercial agencies, with a forum to learn how new conservation technologies can reduce costs, as well as save the region’s water. More.
 

GREEN CROSS SPONSORS DIALOGUES ON WATER FOR LIFE AND SECURITY
31 May – 1 June 2004 | Barcelona, Spain
As part of the Barcelona Forum, sponsored by the Green Cross International, ministers, diplomats, civil society leaders, academics, managers and engineers met in a dialogue session to address the challenges of international water management. More.

FAO FISHERY COMMITTEE REQUIRES REPORTING FOR NON-TUNA CATCHES IN EASTERN CENTRAL ATLANTIC
24-26 May 2004 | Dakar, Senegal
The FAO’s Fishery Committee for the Eastern Central Atlantic (CECAF), a FAO subsidiary body charged with promoting sustainable development of marine resources, responsible fisheries management, and regional cooperation on fishing policy issues, decided that its 33 members should begin reporting on catch levels of non-tuna species in high-seas waters off the western coast of Africa. More.
 

SUMMIT HIGHLIGHTS AFRICA’S ECONOMIC WOES
2-4 June 2004 | Maputo, Mozambique
Some African countries are poorer now than they were thirty years ago, according to a new survey by the World Economic Forum to the Africa Economic Summit 2004. More.
 

FORUM FOCUSES ON AFRICA-ASIA TRADE LINKS
24-25 May 2004 | Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Trade and investment links between Asia and Africa were the focus of the Asia-Africa Public-Private Joint Forum. More.

DEADLINE LOOMS FOR DOHA DEAL
May – June 2004 | Geneva, Switzerland
Talks have been taking place in Geneva ahead of a July deadline for striking a deal on kick-starting the Doha round of trade talks. On 8 June, Shotaro Oshima, Chair of the World Trade Organization’s General Council, met with key negotiators to present an outline of what a possible deal could contain. This included a framework covering issues such as agriculture, the so-called “Singapore issues,” and trade and development.
Panitchpakdi applies pressure: Delegates are trying to complete a first draft of a possible package deal by early July. Several key figures, including WTO Director-General Supachai Panitchpakdi, have been pressing negotiators to make progress as the deadline for a deal draws near.
Anxieties arise over agriculture: Meanwhile, some movement has also been reported in the negotiations on agriculture – a sensitive issue for many delegations. Several sessions and informal meetings on agriculture have taken place in recent weeks.
Group tackles watered-down fisheries proposal: In other trade news, the WTO Negotiating Group on Rules recently tackled the issue of fisheries subsidies. The group, which met from 7-8 June, was caught up in a dispute over a “surprise” Japanese proposal on fisheries. More.
 

LINKAGES UPDATE


Linkages Update is our means of keeping you informed of what’s new on IISD Reporting Services' Linkages website. This page is updated on a fortnightly basis, while the website continually posts new information provided by our contributing writers. If you wish to submit relevant materials or subscribe to Linkages Update, e-mail prisna@iisd.org.

Linkages provides updates on:
Recent meetings
Upcoming meetings
Media reports
Key publications, online resource
Comings and goings

Click here for the online version and archives of Linkages Update.

Using images on Linkages
Images from IISD Reporting Services’ digital coverage of meetings are freely available, with proper citation. If you are looking for an image of a particular person or event, use our search site.
 

COMINGS AND GOINGS


Appointments

INTERNATIONAL SEABED AUTHORITY ELECTS SECRETARY-GENERAL AND ASSEMBLY AND COUNCIL PRESIDENTS
On 3 June, the International Seabed Authority (ISA) Assembly elected Satya Nandan (Fiji) to a third four-year term as Secretary-General, while a few days earlier on 24 May, Dennis Francis (Trinidad and Tobago) and Baidy Diéne (Senegal) were elected Presidents of the ISA Assembly and Council respectively for 2004. Headquartered in Kingston, Jamaica, the ISA is an autonomous international organization established under the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea to organize and control activities of the ocean’s seabed and ocean floor and subsoil.

GEF APPOINTS MONITORING AND EVALUATION UNIT DIRECTOR
Robert David van den Berg was recently appointed as Director of the GEF Monitoring and Evaluation Unit.

Vacancies

IISD SEEKS SUSTAINABLE NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT DIRECTOR
The International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD – publisher of Linkages Update) is looking to hire a Director for its Programme on Sustainable Resources Management. IISD is based in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Closing date for applications is 30 June 2004.

UN MILLENNIUM CAMPAIGN SEEKS AFRICA COORDINATOR
The Millennium Campaign is currently considering stationing the Africa Coordinator in either New York or Nairobi, Kenya. Applications are due on 18 June 2004.

FAO SEEKS FISHERY INDUSTRY OFFICER
The FAO is looking for a fishery industry officer to be responsible for assisting FAO members in the efficient implementation of the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries, particularly in the area of fish utilization. This is a P-2 position based at FAO Headquarters in Rome, Italy. Applications are due 27 July 2004.

SOPAC SEEKS SENIOR ADVISER MARINE GEOPHYSICS
The South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission (SOPAC) is inviting applications to the position of Senior Adviser Marine Geophysics. The SOPAC Secretariat is based in Suva, Fiji Islands, and applications close 30 June 2004.

WWF-GERMAN SEEKS FRESHWATER HEAD
WWF-GERMANY is looking for someone to head its freshwater unit. This position is based in Frankfurt, Germany. Applications are due 25 June 2004.

WMO SEEKS OCEAN AFFAIRS DIVISION CHIEF
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is looking for a candidate to head its Ocean Affairs Division. This is a P-5 based in Geneva, Switzerland. Applications are due 18 June 2004.

ECOFYS SEEKS DEVELOPING COUNTRY CLIMATE CHANGE INTERN
ECOFYS is recruiting a developing country intern to participate in the implementation of an EU-supported project entitled “Future International Action on Climate Change Network.” The assignment will be full time at ECOFYS office in Cologne, Germany and the closing date for applications is 15 June 2004.

Click here for complete postingson appointments, departures and vacancies.

 

 

MEDIA REPORTS


G8 LEADERS URGED TO FOCUS ON MDGS; SUMMIT SPOTLIGHTS SITUATION IN IRAQ, TAKES ACTION AGAINST PROLIFERATION OF WMDs
Leaders of the Group of Eight industrialized nations were urged by UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan and by NGOs of their countries ahead of the G8 Summit held recently in Sea Island, Georgia, US, to prioritize the MDGs. While discussions focused on Iraq and combating terrorism, the Sea Island Summit produced a number of environment and sustainable development-related outcomes. More.

WORLD PUBLIC OPINION POLL STATES THE “WORLD IS NOT GOING IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION”
Sixty percent of respondents to a poll of people from 19 countries between November 2003 and February 2004 said the world is not going in the right direction, and views of the US were the most powerful predictor of this assessment. More.

WOLFENSOHN CALLS FOR MORE ENVIRONMENT AID
World Bank President James Wolfensohn recently highlighted that progress on the environment has been “alarmingly slow,” stating that developed countries are assuming too little responsibility for addressing the world’s environmental problems. More.

ENVIRONMENTAL VULNERABILITY INDEX LAUNCHED
An Environmental Vulnerability Index (EVI) aimed at enabling small island developing States (SIDS) to better understand their vulnerability and progress toward more sustainable development was launched recently. More.

ATHENS OLYMPICS SIGNS ENVIRONMENTAL AGREEMENT
The Athens Olympics Organizing Committee signed a Memorandum of Understanding with UNEP recently committing to a number of initiatives to green this summer’s Olympic Games. More.

MDGs HIGHLIGHTED ON INTERNATIONAL BIODIVERSITY DAY
International Biodiversity Day was
celebrated recently on 22 May under the theme “Biodiversity: Water, food and health for all.” More.

INTERNATIONAL TRADE RULES FOR SEAHORSES ENTER INTO FORCE
On 15 May 2004, trade regulations for all 33 species of seahorses entered into force under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). More.

GOVERNMENTS PROPOSE NEW CITES TRADE RULES
The CITES Secretariat has received over 50 government proposals for new rules on international wildlife trade, in preparation for CITES COP-13 to be held in Bangkok, Thailand, from 2-14 October 2004. More.

EU AND IUCN ANNOUNCE COUNTDOWN CAMPAIGN TO HALT BIODIVERSITY LOSS IN EUROPE
On 25 May 2004, European stakeholders, including the European Commission, the Irish Presidency of the EU and IUCN, launched the Countdown 2010 campaign to halt the loss of biodiversity in Europe. More.

PARTNERSHIP DELIVERS SEED MONEY FOR AMAZON PROTECTED AREAS FUND
WWF officials recently presented Brazilian President Luis Inacio Lula da Silva with a check for $500,000 in seed money for the Amazon Regional Protected Areas (ARPA) trust fund. More.
 


WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY 2004
Under the theme - Wanted! Seas and Oceans: Dead or Alive? - citizens, organizations, local councils and governments across the globe took part in this year’s World Environment Day celebrations. The theme, chosen by UNEP, addresses the state of the world’s oceans, seas and coral reefs, which are increasing tainted by untreated wastewater, air-borne pollution and industrial effluent, and rapidly declining global fish stocks. More.

UNEP LAUNCHES GLOBAL CALL TO ACTION FOR WATER QUALITY MONITORING AND DATA
Marking World Environment Day, UNEP’s Global Environment Monitoring Systems Water programme (UNEP-GEMS) launched its “Great Water Quality Data Drive,” an initiative aimed at improving the scientific basis for global water assessments, particularly for inland aquatic environments. More.

UN-HABITAT AND GREEN CROSS PROMOTE NEW WATER CONVENTION
UN-HABITAT Executive Director Anna Tibaijuka met recently with former Soviet leader and Green Cross International President Mikhail Gorbachev at the Barcelona 2004 Forum in Spain to discuss the possibility of creating a new international convention on water as a basic human right. More.

WETLAND AMBASSADOR CAMPAIGN IN MEKONG AND YANGTZE BASIN UNDERWAY
Entitled “Living Rivers: From the Mountains to the Sea,” the Wetland Ambassador initiative works by engaging university students to conduct projects on important wetland issues and themes. More.

INDIAN FILM ON WETLANDS WINS ECOCINEMA FESTIVAL AWARD
Indian film director Surabhi Sharma won the Ramsar/MedWet award at the fourth International Environmental Film Festival for his film, Aamakaar, the Turtle People. More.

URGENT ACTION NEEDED TO SAVE WILD BAMBOOS, REPORT SHOWS
Half of the world’s 1,200 wild bamboo species are in danger of extinction because of forest destruction, a global study undertaken by the International Network for Bamboo and Rattan and UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre indicated. More.

WWF STUDY LINKS SEA TURTLES TO INCREASED REVENUE, POACHERS JAILED IN THE SEYCHELLES
Marine turtle-related tourism brings in almost three times as much money as the sale of turtle products such as meat, leather and eggs, according to a study prepared by WWF on the economic aspects of marine turtle use and conservation. More.

SOUTH AFRICA ADOPTS NEW BIODIVERSITY ACT
South Africa officially adopted its new Biodiversity Act on 31 May. The Act regulates the sharing of benefits derived from biodiversity with local communities, protects traditional knowledge and regulates bioprospecting. More.

COD STOCKS COULD SOON DISAPPEAR, WWF WARNS

Cod stocks have declined dramatically over the last decades and could disappear by 2020, according to a report released by WWF. More.
 


WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM LAUNCHES “AFRICA WATER PROJECT EXCHANGE”
The World Economic Forum launched a matchmaking service to create public-private partnerships for the delivery, conservation and management of water projects in Africa. More.

POOREST COUNTRIES NEED AID TO TRADE, SAYS UNCTAD REPORT
The world’s least developed countries need a combination of increased aid and trade liberalization to avoid sinking further into poverty, according to a new UNCTAD report. More.

ANCIENT GAS “BELCH” THROWS UP CLIMATE CLUES
An enormous release of gas into the atmosphere from the Atlantic Ocean tens of millions of years ago could provide insights into today’s global warming, according to experts. More.

NEW STANDARDS LINK CLIMATE CHANGE WITH BIODIVERSITY, POVERTY
A new set of standards for certifying land use projects that tackle climate change also successfully address biodiversity and poverty issues, according to their publishers. More.

BIG BUSINESS WARMS TO CLIMATE CHANGE
Multinational corporations are taking more interest in climate change and its potential impacts, according to a new report. More.

EU APPROVES GM CANNED MAIZE, LIFTS MORATORIUM
On 19 May, the European Commission approved the sale of a GM sweetcorn, putting an end to the de facto moratorium on GM products that has been in place in the EU since 1998. More.

CANADIAN SUPREME COURT RULES AGAINST FARMER IN BIOTECH CASE
The Supreme Court of Canada recently found Saskatchewan farmer Percy Schmeiser guilty of violating Monsanto’s patent on a gene creating resistance to glyphosate, the active ingredient in Monsanto’s Roundup herbicide. More.

ENVIRONMENTAL CAMPAIGNERS URGE WTO TO DISMISS BIOTECH CASE
Friends of the Earth gathered over 100,000 people and 544 organizations representing 48 million people to sign a petition to the WTO. More.

MONSANTO STOPS RESEARCH ON GM WHEAT
In a decision hailed by environmental, consumer and farmer groups, Monsanto, the world’s largest seller of GM seeds, announced it would defer efforts to introduce Roundup Ready wheat, until other wheat biotechnology traits are introduced. More.

HIGH LEVELS OF PBDES FOUND IN BREAST MILK IN CANADA
A study conducted by Health Canada has revealed that the breast milk of Canadian women contains the second highest levels in the world of PBDEs, chemicals used as flame retardants in electronic products and furniture. More.

NEW REPORT HIGHLIGHTS EFFECTS OF CHEMICALS ON CHILDREN’S INTELLIGENCE AND BEHAVIOR
A new report from WWF argues that chemicals in the environment have severe impacts on children’s intelligence and behavior, and could be linked to autism and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. More.

KEY PUBLICATIONS AND ONLINE RESOURCES


Sustainable development

YEARBOOK OF INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION ON ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT 2003/2004
(Earthscan, 2003/2004) Prepared by the Norway-based Fridtjof Nansen Institute, the Yearbook provides a practical and informative guide to major international environment and development instruments and organizations. Comprising a combination of analysis and factual reference material, the Yearbook aims to present the international community’s position on specific environment and development issues, the main obstacles to effective multilateral solutions, and ways to overcome them. Analytical papers examine current issues and key themes in the international environment and development arena, such as those concerning global governance, management of plant genetic resources, and management of regional transboundary water resources.

Updated annually, the reference sections contain an extensive listing of international and regional environment and development agreements, each outlining the objective, scope and status of an instrument, its affiliated instruments and organizations, Secretariat contact and budget details, rules and standards, and monitoring and implementation procedures among other useful information. The reference sections also include a listing of key intergovernmental organizations, such as the CSD, FAO, GEF, IMF, IMO, UNEP, World Bank and WTO, and non-governmental organizations, such as CAN, FoEI, ICC, IUCN, TWN, WBCSD and WWF. The objectives, Secretariat and decision making details, activities, budget and main publications are outlined for each organization. Initially published in 1992 as the Green Globe Yearbook, the publication has been known as the “Yearbook of International Co-Operation on Environment and Development” since 1997. A Chinese version of the book has been available since 1995, and a condensed web version has been published since 1997. The Yearbook. 

A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO EMPLOYING AN ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGER / SUSTAINABILITY OFFICER FOR UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES
(Environmental Association for Universities and Colleges, 2004) Prepared by the Environmental Association for Universities and Colleges (EAUC) in partnership with the Higher Education – Environmental Performance Improvement (HEEPI) project, this resource is aimed specifically at colleges and universities looking to hire Environmental Managers or Sustainability Officers. This guide provides best practices concerning issues such as: the role and responsibilities of an Environmental Manager; budgets; line management; appointment costs; skills, qualifications and experience; where to advertise; interviews; and examples of job specifications/ advertisements. The guide

PARTICIPATORY APPROACHES, METHODS AND TOOLS
(May 2004, FAO) This resource CD was produced by the FAO Participation Website Team and includes a field tools database of participatory approaches, methods and field tools, developed or applied by FAO and other organizations. It also includes a selection of FAO documents taken from the Participation Website’s annotated library database. To receive the CD-ROM contact Bernd.Seiffert@fao.org.

PARTICIPATORY PROCESSES TOWARDS CO-MANAGEMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES IN PASTORAL AREAS OF THE MIDDLE EAST
(May 2004, FAO) This training of trainers sourcebook, authored by Dawn Chatty, Stephan Baas and Ania Fleig, is based on the principles of participatory methods and approaches. It draws from experiences, including four participatory workshops, related to the “Range Rehabilitation and Establishment of a Wildlife Reserve in the Syrian Steepe” project, as well as the authors’ work in a variety of pastoral regions of the world. This resource outlines a progressive and sequential set of skills that the authors find useful in promoting the technical and sociological skills required to enhance a participatory process. The sourcebook.

Trade and investment in sustainable development

INVESTMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: A GUIDE TO THE USE AND POTENTIAL OF INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS
(IISD, 2004) This report offers an overview of the features, as well as some of the shortcomings, of international investment agreements. It argues that the agreements should be designed to promote sustainable development through foreign investment. The report.

HEALTHY FISHERIES, SUSTAINABLE TRADE: CRAFTING NEW RULES ON FISHING SUBSIDIES IN THE WTO
(WWF, June 2004) This new publication by WWF argues in favor of amending rules set down by the World Trade Organization to eliminate subsidies that cause overfishing. The new book proposes regulating subsidies programmes “on a fishery-by-fishery basis.” It also advocates an approach that takes into account the difficulties faced by developing countries, and supports the involvement of regional fisheries bodies. The book’s release occurs at a time when the WTO Negotiating Group on Rules is trying to tackle the issue of subsidies. The book.


 


Climate change

CLIMATE CHANGE AND HUMAN HEALTH: RISKS AND RESPONSES
(World Health Organization, 2004) Edited by A.J. McMichael et al, this book considers the risks to human health posed by climate change. The book looks both at current and future adverse impacts on human health, and how societies can lessen these impacts through adaptation strategies and by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Each chapter tackles a different aspect of the problem. More.

Human development

WSIS 2003 SOUVENIR BOOK: CONNECTING THE WORLD - HELPING THE WORLD COMMUNICATE
(ITU, 2004) The International Telecommunication Union has published a commemorative book on the first phase of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) that took place in Geneva in December 2003. The publication contains: statements from the opening session of the Summit; WSIS documents, including the Declaration of Principles and the Plan of Action endorsed by 175 countries; a concise background of the WSIS process; and a picture gallery of the Summit and its preparatory process. The book.

Intergovernmental organizations

INTEGRATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS INTO OTHER POLICY AREAS: A STOCKTAKING OF THE CARDIFF PROCESS
(European Commission, June 2004) This report evaluates the progress of the Cardiff process launched by the European Council to integrate environmental considerations into other EU policy decisions. The nine sectors that have produced integration strategies since EU leaders met in Cardiff in 1998 are agriculture, transport, energy, industry, internal market, development, fisheries, economics and finance, and foreign affairs. The report, inter alia, highlights the significant increase in greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector, calls on the EU to promote environmental concerns in WTO and other trade negotiations, and suggests a number of recommendations for improving the effectiveness of the Cardiff process. The report will be forwarded to the European Council and contribute to preparations for the 2004 Environmental Policy Review and the EC’s 2005 report to the Spring European Council. The report.

Water, wetlands, oceans, coasts

MONEY TALKS: ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF MARINE TURTLE USE AND
CONSERVATION
(WWF, 2004) According to a new economic study by WWF, marine turtle tourism brings in almost three times as much income as killing turtles for their meat, leather and eggs. World marine turtle populations are in steep decline in many areas, particularly in developing countries, as nesting beaches are converted to holiday resorts, turtles and their eggs are over-harvested for food and turtles are accidentally caught and killed in fishing nets. Six of the world’s seven marine turtle species are endangered or critically endangered. Comparing 18 sites in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, the study confirms what many have suspected all along – sea turtles are worth more to local communities alive than dead. The study.

TUNA FARMING IN THE MEDITERRANEAN: THE BLUEFIN TUNA STOCK AT STAKE
(WWF, June 2004) WWF has released a new report that criticizes European Union subsidies that aid the expansion of tuna farming in the Mediterranean, an activity that WWF believes will lead to the commercial extinction of the already overexploited and highly endangered bluefin tuna. According to the international conservation organization, up to €19–20 million of public funds have been allocated to the tuna farming industry in EU Mediterranean waters since 1997. The report.

REPORT: EUROPEAN TRAWLERS ARE DESTROYING THE OCEANS
(Oceana, 2004) Oceana, an international foundation dedicated to ocean protection, has released a report on the commercial and ecological impact of European trawlers on the world’s oceans. According to the report, some 15,000 trawlers, which make up only 10% of the EU’s fishing fleet, are responsible in part for the collapse of world fishing stocks and the increasing number of fish species being threatened with extinction. The report.

INTERNATIONAL WADER REPORT
(IWSG, June 2004) The International Wader Study Group (IWSG) has published a review of the status of 131 populations of 55 species of migratory waders (shorebirds) in Africa and Western Eurasia. The report contains accounts for each of the species and their populations, summarizes current knowledge of population status and trends, and offers extensive analyses on thematic, taxonomic and geographic status and issues. The report.

NEW PMC WEBSITE TO FOCUS ON WETLANDS
The Participatory Management Clearinghouse on Natural Resources (PMC) has recently launched a new version of its website. This joint initiative of the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, IUCN-The World Conservation Union, and the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency has been set up to facilitate the sharing of information concerning participatory management of natural resources, while disseminating Ramsar and IUCN field experiences on the topic. The PMC website.

 


Biodiversity and wildlife

LIVING MODIFIED ORGANISMS: NEW GUIDELINES FOR RISK ASSESSMENT
(FAO, April 2004) Adopted by the governing body of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC), the new guidelines for risk assessment determine whether a living modified organism poses a hazard to plants. The guidelines aim to assist countries in reducing the risks of releasing LMOs that are weedy and could seriously harm crops and plant ecosystems. The guidelines.

BIODIVERSITY BENEFITS PEOPLE
(UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre, May 2004) Created by UNEP-WCMC as a contribution to the celebration of the International Biodiversity Day (22 May), this online audio presentation outlines the dangers that threaten fragile ecosystems and identifies the benefits, goods and services human beings acquire from natural resources. It aims to increase knowledge about biodiversity and its benefits and can be used by educators and the media. The presentation. 

BIOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS IN FOOD PROCESSING: CAN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES BENEFIT?
(FAO, June 2004) Published as the background document for a FAO electronic Forum on Biotechnology in Food and Agriculture to be held from 14 June to 11 July, this document aims to provide an overview of the application of biotechnology to the processing of food, including beverages, produced from agriculture. It provides an introduction, outlines the current status of biotechnology in food processing, and considers some issues specifically relevant to developing countries, such as socio-economic and cultural factors, intellectual property rights and commercial opportunities. The document.


GENETICALLY ENGINEERED ORGANISMS PUBLIC ISSUES EDUCATION PROJECT
Developed by Cornell University, the GEO-PIE Project aims to create objective educational materials exploring the scientific and social issues associated with genetic engineering. The Project includes online resources on: the traits of GM products; overviews of the risks and benefits of genetic engineering; market-related issues; and an overview of the US regulation. The Project.

Forests, deserts, land

UNCCD WEB SITE MAKEOVER
The website for the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) took on a new look on 8 June 2004. In addition, in preparation for the 10th anniversary of the adoption of the convention on 17 June 2004, information highlighting this event has been added, along with links to the latest documents released by the Secretariat. The website.

THE CONTRIBUTION OF RENEWABLE ENERGIES TO THE FIGHT AGAINST DESERTIFICATION
(June 2004, UNCCD Secretariat) This report, prepared by ENDA TM Energy Programmes and financially supported by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), discusses “lessons learned from projects and programmes promoting the use of renewable energy to improve access to water and the sustainable use of biomass in the Sahel.” Major lessons presented in this 25-page paper include: concentrating more on wood substitution options and methods of securing rational energy use is paramount; photovoltaic and wind pumping have garnered the most encouraging results in terms of thwarting desertification by broadening access to water; and it is vital to effectively combine the development of renewable energies, the promotion of income-generating activities and the fight against desertification and poverty. The paper also proposes a strategy for developing countries exposed to the effects of desertification during the International Conference on Renewable Energies, held in Bonn, Germany from 1-4 June 2004. The paper.

ILLEGAL LOGGING, CONFLICT AND THE BUSINESS SECTOR IN INDONESIA
(Adelphi Research and InWEnt - Capacity Building International, December 2003) This 80-page report by Esther Schroeder-Wildberg and Alexander Carius of Adelphi Research considers four main questions: how extensive is illegal logging in Indonesia; what are the social, environmental, and conflict impacts of current logging patterns; what role do forestry businesses play in forest-related conflicts; and what types of policy measures and instruments are available for addressing illegal logging, related conflicts, and business sector involvement? The report’s conclusions include the finding that “conflict prevention in Indonesia has to go beyond measures that address only the business sector, such as the promotion of stakeholder meetings and awareness in companies, to deal with larger structural conditions, such as regulation of timber industry, law enforcement, land rights, and codes of conduct (accountability and transparency).” The report also details the proceedings of an expert workshop on “Environment for Peace: The Role of the Business Sector,” for which the report was originally prepared. The report.

NEW UPCOMING MEETINGS


Announcements

INTERNATIONAL MEETING FOR THE 10-YEAR REVIEW OF THE BPOA FOR THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF SIDS: Previously scheduled for August/September 2004, the Mauritius International Meeting is now planned for 10-14 January 2005 (see A/58/L.63 at http://ods-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/LTD/N04/378/38/PDF/N0437838.pdf?OpenElement). If deemed necessary following the second round of informal informal SIDS consultations, the dates of which are to be determined, the International Meeting will be preceded by two days of informal consultations to be held from 8-9 January. For more information contact: Diane Quarless, UNDSD, SIDS Unit; tel: +1-212-963-4135; fax: +1-917-367-3391; e-mail: Mauritius2004@sidsnet.org; Internet: http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/sids/sids.htm

2004 WORLD WATER WEEK PROGRAMME AVAILABLE
The programme for the 2004 World Water Week in Stockholm to be held from 15-21 August 2004 is now available at: http://www.siwi.org/downloads/WWW-Symp/2004_Water_Week.pdf
Held under the theme “Drainage Basin Management Regional Approaches for Food and Urban Security,” this year’s Stockholm Water Symposium will focus on urban water issues and future food requirements. In addition to the Symposium, the Stockholm World Water Week will also comprise plenary sessions, panel debates, side events and 24 independently organized seminars.

Click here for a complete listing of upcoming meetings


The following are upcoming meetings recently added to Linkages website:

Sustainable development

YOUTH EMPLOYMENT SUMMIT (YES) CAMPAIGN MILESTONE CONFERENCE 2004: 4 October 2004 - 7 October 2004. Boca del Rio, Veracruz, Mexico. The Youth Employment Summit (YES) Campaign is a decade-long campaign aimed at creating productive and sustainable employment for young people in their native countries. This year’s Summit will consider, inter alia, successful social entrepreneurship programmes in HIV/AIDS, renewable energy, rural development, ICT and other emerging sectors for youth employment. For more information contact: Gustavo Payan; tel: +1-617-618-2743; fax: +1-617-618-2937; e-mail: gustavo@yesweb.org; Internet: http://www.yesweb.org/mexico/index.html

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ERADICATING POVERTY THROUGH PROFIT: MAKING BUSINESS WORK FOR THE POOR: 12 December 2004 - 14 December 2004. San Francisco, California,, US. Keynote addresses, panels, workshops and other presentations during this international conference organized by the World Resources Institute (WRI) will focus on private sector approaches to development and ask how business can “do good and do well” at the same time. For more information contact: World Resources Institute; tel: +1-202-729-7600; fax: +1-202-729-7610; e-mail: PovertyConference@wri.org; Internet: http://povertyprofit.wri.org/

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON BUILT ENVIRONMENT ISSUES IN SMALL ISLANDS STATES: 14 August 2005 - 19 August 2005. Kingston, Jamaica. The conference is being hosted in the context of the WSSD, the recognition of the special circumstances of SIDS, and the role of academic institutions in this international framework. The event will focus on issues effecting the built environment. For more information contact: David Harrison, Dean, Faculty of the Built Environment, University of Technology, Jamaica; tel: +876-970-2242; fax: +876-970-2242; e-mail: daharrison@utech.edu.jm; Internet: http://www.cdera.org/cunews/uploads/utech_conf_aug2005.pdf

THIRD WORLD CONGRESS ON CONSERVATION AGRICULTURE: 3 October 2005 - 7 October 2005. Nairobi, Kenya. Held under the theme of “Linking Production, Livelihoods and Conservation,” this conference aims to build and strengthen the role of conservation agriculture in the attainment of socio-economic development and sustainable natural resource management. For more information contact: Martin Bwalya, Congress Sectretariat; tel: +263-4-334395; fax: +263-4-332853; e-mail: mbwalya@africaonline.co.zw; Internet: http://www.act.org.zw/Congress/congress.htm

Biodiversity and wildlife

INTERNATIONAL CHATHAM HOUSE CONFERENCE ON CONSUMERS, FARMERS AND FOOD: RECONCILING THE FUTURE:
5 July 2004 - 6 July 2004. Chatham House, London, United Kingdom. Organized by the Royal Institute of International Affairs, this conference will provide a forum for debate on issues relating to consumers’ concerns about biodiversity and the environment, animal welfare, food safety and GMOs. For more information contact: Dino Ribeiro; e-mail: dribeiro@riia.org; Internet: http://www.riia.org/Agriculture2004

GLOBAL CONFERENCE ON INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE AND TRADITIONAL MEDICINE: 16 March 2005 - 18 March 2005. Johannesburg, South Africa. This conference is organized by the Africa First LLC of Minnesota, USA, in collaboration with South Africa's Ministry of Health, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), the Association of Australian Indigenous Doctors' Association, the National Maori Health Providers Association of New Zealand and others. For more information contact: William Danquah; tel: +1-651-646-4721; fax: +1-651-644-3235; e-mail: info@africa-first.com; Internet: http://www.africa-first.com/iktm2005/index.htm


Climate and atmosphere

CONFERENCE ON THE CDM IN CHINA: 1 July 2004 - 2 July 2004. Beijing, China. This conference on the “Clean Development Mechanism in China: Taking a Proactive and Sustainable Approach” is being organized or supported by government departments and agencies from China, Germany and Switzerland. The conference will take up issues raised in a two-year study on applying CDM methodologies and on the potential for using CDM projects in China. For more information contact: Duan Maosheng, CDM Conference Committee; tel: +86-10-6277-2596; fax: +86-10-6277-1150; e-mail: duanmsh@mail.tsinghua.edu

Forests, deserts, land

MEETING ON EVALUATING FORESTRY INCENTIVE AND ASSISTANCE PROGRAMMES IN EUROPE-CHALLENGES TO IMPROVE POLICY EFFECTIVENESS: 10 October 2004 - 12 October 2004. Warsaw, Poland. This meeting is organized by the Forest Research Institute in Warsaw (FRIW), and the European Forest Research Institute (EFI), with financial support from the Commission of the European Communities, DG - Research. The meeting’s objectives are to: provide a forum for dissemination of project results, discuss project results and the state of the art in the field of policy evaluation and analysis, discuss further research needs and challenges in policy evaluation and development, and facilitate future research co-operation and networking. For more information contact: Brita Pajari, Conference Manager, European Forest Institute; e-mail: brita.pajari@efi.fi; Internet: http://www.efi.fi/events/2004/effe_conference

INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON THE ROLE OF FORESTS FOR COMING GENERATIONS: PHILOSOPHY AND TECHNOLOGY FOR FOREST RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (FORCOM2004): 17 October 2004 - 22 October 2004. Utsunomiya, Japan. This symposium will seek to present and exchange state-of-the-art scientific as well as practical results and techniques relating to forest resource management among researchers, federal officials, practitioners and local stakeholders. For more information contact: Naoto Matsumura, Mie University; tel: +81-59-231-9507; fax: +81-59-231-9517; e-mail: forcom2004@fecsun.kankyo.tohoku.ac.jp; Internet: http://fecsun.kankyo.tohoku.ac.jp/FORCOM/first/greetings

22ND SESSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL POPLAR COMMISSION: 28 November 2004 - 9 December 2004. Santiago, Chile. The theme of the 22nd session of the International Poplar Commission (IPC) is “The Contribution of Poplars and Willows to Sustainable Forestry and Rural Development.” The IPC meets every four years and is a statutory body of the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Poplars and willows are used extensively to combat desertification, rehabilitate degraded lands, provide carbon sinks and produce wood products in forestry and integrated forestry-agricultural land-use systems. Associated study tours will visit Chile and Argentina to support the theme. For more information contact: Graciela Andrade, International Poplar Commission, Forestry Department, FAO; e-mail: Graciela.Andrade@fao.org; Internet: http://www.fao.org/forestry/ipc2004

Human development

WHO FOURTH MINISTERIAL CONFERENCE ON ENVIRONMENT AND HEALTH: 23 June 2004 - 25 June 2004. Budapest, Hungary. Organized by the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, this Conference will focus on addressing the health impacts of degraded environments on children. Held under the theme “The Future for Our Children,” this conference will convene ministers of health and of the environment as well as major stakeholders. European ministers are expected to reach consensus and make political commitments to ensure safer environments for children, through the adoption of a Conference declaration and of a children's environment and health action plan for Europe. For more information contact: Elaine Price, Technical Officer; tel: +45-39-171-473; fax: +45-39-171-878; e-mail: ecp@euro.who.int; Internet: http://www.euro.who.int/budapest2004

PREPCOM-1 OF THE TUNIS PHASE OF THE WSIS: 24 June 2004 - 26 June 2004. Hammamet, Tunisia. This prepcom will review issues that will form the focus of the Tunis phase of the Summit, and will consider the process leading to the second phase of WSIS. For more information contact: http://www.itu.int/wsis/contact/index.html; Internet: http://www.itu.int/wsis/preparatory2/hammamet/index.html

Intergovernmental organizations


BRUSSELS IN A DAY: AN INTRODUCTORY SEMINAR FOR PEOPLE HAVING A PROFESSIONAL INTEREST IN THE EU:
17 June 2004. Brussels, Belgium. This seminar is aimed at providing participants with practical, day-to-day knowledge of EU Public Affairs. The programme will cover: a presentation of the European Institutions and the EU decision-making process; a visit to the European Parliament; and a Lobbyist toolbox on how to identify the key players, manage a legislative monitoring, and write a position paper. A French session will be held on 9 September 2004. For more information contact: Lucyna Gutman-Grauer, Executive Director; tel: +32-2-737-7746; fax: +32-2-732-7525; e-mail: info@eutraining.be; Internet: http://www.eutraining.be/index.asp

23RD SESSION OF THE UNEP GOVERNING COUNCIL/GMEF: 21 February 2005 - 25 February 2005. Nairobi, Kenya. The 23rd session of the UNEP Governing Council/Global Ministerial Environmental Forum is due to be held from 21-25 February 2005 in Nairobi, Kenya. For more information contact: Beverly Miller, Secretary for UNEP Governing Council; tel: +254-2-623431; fax: +254-2-623929; e-mail: beverly.miller@unep.org; Internet: http://www.unep.org

Trade, finance and investment

UNEP FI RENEWABLE ENERGIES FINANCE FORUM:
27 September 2004. Budapest, Hungary. Organized by UNEP FI in collaboration with Green Power Conferences, this finance forum will examine the different options concerning how finance can be provided for renewable energy projects, what the opportunities and barriers for financial institutions are when dealing with renewable energy projects and how risk management activities can be improved. For more information contact: tel: +423-663-029-144; Internet: http://www.greenpowerconferences.com/events/green_power_events.htm

2004 TRIPLE BOTTOM LINE INVESTING CONFERENCE: 11 November 2004 - 12 November 2004. Amsterdam, Netherlands. This conference will focus on triple bottom line investing and growth, with particular focus on SRI-issues for asset management, banking, and insurance industries covering topics such as the Equator Principals and environmental risk assessment, and financial sector initiatives dealing with climate change. A roundtable discussion panel involving the pension fund leaders in Europe that are opening up their large funds to SRI will also be convened. For more information contact: Robert Rubinstein; tel: +31-20-428-6752; fax: +31-20-778-5504; e-mail: robert@tbli.org; Internet: http://www.tbli.org/index.html

Water, wetlands, oceans, coasts


AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK WATER WEEK - BUILDING PARTNERSHIP FOR WATER IN AFRICA:
1 July 2004 - 3 July 2004. Tunis, Tunisia. The African Development Bank will host its first water week aimed at creating synergy between the various actors and identifying appropriate means to accelerate the access to water resources for African populations. Water and sanitation are critical components of the ADB Group's poverty reduction strategy, which placed the sector at the center of its strategic plan for the 2003-2007 period. For more information contact: Jeannette Ndongo; tel: +216-7110-3404; fax: +216-71-332-695; e-mail: j.ndongo@afdb.org; Internet: http://www.afdb.org/water/water_week.htm

 

Linkages is provided by the International Institute for Sustainable Development, publishers of the Earth Negotiations Bulletin.
It is designed to be an electronic clearing-house for information on past and upcoming international meetings
related to environment and development policy.