LINKAGES UPDATE - an e-update of new additions to IISD’s Linkages website - 16 March 2004

UPCOMING COVERAGE BY THE EARTH NEGOTIATIONS BULLETIN


Eighth Special Session of the UNEP Governing Council and Fifth Global Ministerial Environment Forum: Jeju, Korea, 29-31 March 2004
20th meeting of the CITES Animals Committee: Johannesburg, South Africa, 29 March - 2 April 2004
Assuring Food and Nutrition Security in Africa by 2020: Kampala, Uganda, 1-3 April 2004
 

RECENT MEETINGS COVERED BY THE EARTH NEGOTIATIONS BULLETIN



PARTIES TO THE BIOSAFETY PROTOCOL AGREE ON DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS AND COMPLIANCE PROCEDURES
23-27 February 2004 | Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
The First Meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (COP/MOP-1) took place recently in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Eighty-seven Parties have now ratified the Protocol and, as more countries continue towards ratification, the first meeting of the Parties faced the important task of setting up the operational framework to enable the Protocol’s effective implementation.

Delegates had their hands full with issues such as developing a compliance procedure, elaborating documentation requirements under Article 18 (Handling, transport, packaging and identification (HTPI)), setting up the process for drafting rules and procedures on liability and redress, and addressing capacity building and the Biosafety Clearing-house (BCH). Although obstacles were encountered over the establishment of a Compliance Committee and documentation accompanying movements of living modified organisms (LMOs) destined for use as food, feed or processing (LMO-FFPs), COP/MOP-1 was successful in setting up a framework for implementation and it will be remembered as a major stepping stone in the history of the Protocol.

The meeting also managed to adopt procedures and mechanisms for promoting compliance with the Protocol and assisting countries in cases of non-compliance. It established a 15-member Compliance Committee that will submit regular reports and recommendations to the meeting of the Parties. A negotiating group of legal and technical experts on liability and redress for damages resulting from transboundary movements of LMOs was also launched and requested to develop a regime by 2008. Click here for the full Earth Negotiations Bulletin coverage of this meeting.
 

CSD BUREAU HOLDS BRIEFING ON SIDS PREPCOM
15 March 2004 | New York, US
The Bureau of the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) held a briefing recently on the preparations for the portion of the 12th Session of the CSD, which will serve as the Preparatory Committee (PrepCom) for the International Meeting on the 10 year Review of the Barbados Programme of Action. During the briefing, participants were alerted to the availability of the Secretary-General’s report on Implementation of the BPOA. The G-77/China announced that it has endorsed the AOSIS Strategy Paper, which was adopted at Inter-regional Preparatory Meeting, held in the Bahamas in January 2004. This document will be formally submitted to the CSD Bureau this week and is expected to serve as the basis for negotiations at the PrepCom. The ENB briefing note.
 

CSD BUREAU CONTINUES PREPARATIONS FOR UPCOMING SESSION
1 March 2004 | UNHQ, New York
The fifth meeting of the Commission on Sustainable Development’s (CSD) Bureau convened recently at UN headquarters in New York to continue preparations for the upcoming 12th session of the CSD, which is scheduled to be held in April. On the organization of work for CSD-12, Bureau members discussed issues that emerged during a 25 February briefing, regional briefings and communications to Bureau members from member States. Questions raised during the 25 February briefing included how Major Group representatives would participate in official discussions, how their input would be incorporated into the chair’s summary of the discussion, who could participate in the High-level Segment and how it would be organized. At its 1 March meeting, the Bureau agreed that there would be a speaking list for the High-level Segment and delegations could indicate a preferred date and discussion theme for Ministers’ interventions. The Bureau also reiterated the importance of Major Groups’ participation during CSD-12. The Bureau will meet again on 19 March 2004 in New York. For more information, see the noteon the Bureau meeting and the ENB Briefing Noteon the 25 February briefing.
 

OTHER RECENT MEETINGS


ONLINE FORUM DEBATES US ROLE IN INTERNATIONAL CLIMATE REGIME
26 February - 5 March 2004 | Internet
The future role of the United States in international efforts to address climate change has been the subject of debate in a recent online forum. Participants shared their views on a range of issues raised in a background paper, which asked how the US could be “re-engaged” in the multilateral process, what impact action at the state level might have on federal government policy, and how the private sector could make a positive contribution. More.
 


EXPERTS EXAMINE INVENTORY REVIEW PROCESS
23-25 February | Wellington, New Zealand
About 30 lead reviewers have met to discuss the greenhouse gas inventory review process under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The meeting provided an opportunity to share experiences and discuss interpretations of guidelines on inventories, which are a key tool for measuring countries’ progress in reducing greenhouse gases and in meeting the targets set under the Kyoto Protocol. More.

ENERGY SUMMIT HIGHLIGHTS OFF-GRID OPTIONS
10-11 February 2004 | Paris, France
The use of fuel cells, solar, wind, biomass and various other renewable energy sources were considered at a major event that looked at off-grid energy options. The 2004 World Energy Technologies Summit focused on issues such as financing, encouraging local community involvement in energy projects, and making distributed generation markets function effectively. More.
 

FORUM ADDRESSES THE POTENTIAL OF BIOTECHNOLOGY FOR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
2-5 March 2004 | Concepción, Chile
Convened under the auspices of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and Government of Chile, this Forum examined the potential offered by biotechnology to create wealth and improve the quality of life of people in developing countries and countries with economies in transition. More.

TRIPS COUNCIL HIGHLIGHTS HEALTH, KNOWLEDGE
8 March 2004 | Geneva, Switzerland
Access to medicines, public health, traditional knowledge and biological diversity were on the agenda at a recent meeting of the World Trade Organization’s Council for Trade-related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights – or TRIPS Council. The Council discussed the issue of text on generic medicines in the TRIPS Agreement, although without reaching consensus. More.
 

Symposium STUDIES Sea Turtle Biology and Conservation
22-29 February 2004 | San Jose, Costa Rica
Some 1,000 experts from 70 countries met recently at an annual symposium to discuss the current state of research and conservation activities related to sea turtles. The meeting’s theme focused on “Sea Turtle Lifescapes” – the role sea turtles fill in marine and terrestrial ecosystems, as well as in greater biodiversity landscapes. More.

INTERNATIONAL PARTNERSHIPS FORUM DISCUSSES LESSONS LEARNED
4-6 March 2004 | Rome, Italy
Over 500 participants gathered at FAO Headquarters recently for the International Forum on Partnerships for Sustainable Development. Discussions in a series of panel and interactive sessions centered on characteristics of successful partnerships and lessons learned, particularly concerning the multiple challenges related to securing adequate financial resources, time, communication and coordination. More.
 

WORKSHOP EXPLORES ECONOMIC VULNERABILITY AND RESILIENCE OF SMALL STATES
1-3 March 2004 | Gozo, Malta
The economic vulnerability and resilience of small states was the focus of a recent workshop. Twenty-six experts discussed features of economic vulnerability in small states and recommended strategies for developing their resilience. Participants also explored the issue of LDC graduation of a number of SIDS, and the need for special and differentiated treatment for small states within the WTO. More.
 

CSW CONSIDERS ROLE OF MEN AND BOYS IN GENDER EQUALITY AND WOMEN’S PARTICIPATION IN CONFLICT PREVENTION
1-12 March 2004 | New York
Focusing on two thematic issues in its multi-year work programme, the Commission on the Status of Women at its 48th session considered and agreed to conclusions on: the role of men and boys in achieving gender equality; and women’s equal participation in conflict prevention, management and conflict resolution and in post-conflict peace-building. More.
 

COMMISSION FOR SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT CONSIDERS WAYS TO IMPROVE PUBLIC SECTOR EFFECTIVENESS
4-13 February 2004 | New York
The 42nd session of the Commission for Social Development convened to: consider “Improving Public Sector Effectiveness” – the session’s priority theme; review plans and programmes of action pertaining to the situation of social groups; and address emerging issues, trends and new approaches to issues affecting social development. More.

APEC TALKS TOUGH ON TERRORISTS, TRADE
5-6 March 2004 | Viña del Mar, Chile
A meeting of government and business representatives from Asia and the Pacific has concluded with agreement on the need for increased cooperation on terrorism. More.
 

WTO ASSESSES ACCESSION OF WORLD’S LEAST DEVELOPED STATES
9 March 2004 | Geneva, Switzerland
The accession of eight of the world’s least developed countries to the World Trade Organization has come under the spotlight in a recent meeting. More.

HELSINKI COMMISSION MARKS 30TH ANNIVERSARY
2-3 March 2004 | Helsinki, Finland
A meeting took place recently marking the 30th anniversary of the signing of the Helsinki Convention – the Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area. Delegates adopted nine new recommendations on measures to prevent pollution of the Baltic Sea and discussed improvements to ballast water management. A draft report on environmental problems related to dioxins, including the health risks to people consuming fish from the Baltic Sea, was also discussed and is expected to be published in a few months. More.
 

LINKAGES UPDATE


Linkages Update is our means of keeping you informed of what’s new on IISD Reporting Services' Linkages website. This page is updated on a fortnightly basis, while the website continually posts new information provided by our contributing writers. If you wish to submit relevant materials or subscribe to Linkages Update, e-mail prisna@iisd.org.

Linkages provides updates on:
Recent meetings
Upcoming meetings
Media reports
Key publications, online resource
Comings and goings

Click here for the online versionand archives of Linkages Update.

Using images on Linkages
Images from IISD Reporting Services’ digital coverage of meetings are freely available, with proper citation. If you are looking for an image of a particular person or event, use our search site.
 

COMINGS AND GOINGS


Appointments

IMF HEAD QUITS
International Monetary Fund Managing Director Horst Köhler has resigned following his nomination for the German presidency. He has been replaced by First Deputy Managing Director Anne Krueger, who will head the Fund until the Executive Board names a successor to Mr. Köhler. The surprise resignation, made on 4 March, was effective immediately.

According to news reports, Köhler’s sudden resignation has rekindled ongoing disputes over the selection process used to appoint the heads of the Fund and the World Bank. Reuters says IMF sources have identified Jean Lemierre (France), Andrew Crockett (UK), Caio Koch-Weser (Germany), Rodrigo Rato (Spain), Mario Draghi (Italy), and Gordon Brown (UK) as potential candidates for the chief IMF post. In the past, the Fund has been directed by a European, while the World Bank presidency is held by an American. Developing countries have been critical of this approach. More.


OZONE FUND NAMES NEW HEAD
Maria Nolan has been appointed as the new Chief Officer of the Secretariat for the Multilateral Fund for Implementation of the Montreal Protocol. Nolan was previously the Head of Stratospheric Ozone Policy in the UK, as well as President of the Montreal Protocol’s Implementation Committee and co-chair of the Protocol’s Open Ended Working Group. She succeeds Dr Omar El-Arini of Egypt, who retired after managing the Secretariat since it was first established in 1991. More.

NATIONAL WILDLIFE FEDERATION NAMES PRESIDENT AND CEO
Larry Schweiger has been appointed the new president and chief executive officer of the National Wildlife Federation (NWF). Schweiger, who will begin his new position on 5 April 2004, has previously served as president and CEO of the Western Pennsylvania Conservancy. More.

Vacancies

UN-HABITAT SEEKS SENIOR HUMAN SETTLEMENTS OFFICER
Nairobi, Kenya; 27 April 2004. More.

WWF CHINA SEEKS FRESHWATER AND MARINE PROGRAMME DIRECTOR
Beijing, China; 24 April 2004. More.

IIASA SEEKS THREE RESEARCH SCHOLARS

The International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) has openings for three research scholar positions related to its interdisciplinary Greenhouse Gas Initiative, one each with the Forestry Project (FOR), the Transitions to New Technologies Project (TNT), and the Greenhouse Gas Initiative (GGI);
Laxenburg, Austria; 15 April 2004. More.

UNEP OZONE SECRETARIAT SEEKS DEPUTY EXECUTIVE SECRETARY
D-1; Nairobi; 12 April 2004. More.

WTO SEEKS ECONOMIC AFFAIRS OFFICER
WTO Grade Eight; Geneva, Switzerland; 7 April 2004. More.

UNCTAD OPENINGS FOR SEVERAL HIGH-LEVEL POSITIONS
Geneva, Switzerland.
Head of Intergovernmental Support Service (D-1), 3 April 2004;
Director of the Division of Management (D-2), 12 April 2004; Director of the Globalization and Development Strategies Division (D-2), 19 April 2004.

WB SEEKS WATER AND SANITATION PROGRAM MANAGER
Washington, DC, US; 3 April 2004. More.

UNEP DGEF SEEKS DEPUTY DIRECTOR
D-1; Nairobi; 24 March 2004. More.

CERTIFICATION COMPANY SEEKS EMISSIONS EXPERT
SGS United Kingdom Ltd, a company offering inspection, testing and certification services, has a vacancy for an emissions trading scheme product coordinator; More.

CONSULTANCY FIRM SEEK ENERGY, CLIMATE SPECIALISTS
Ecofys, a company specializing in advice on energy saving and renewable energy solutions, is looking for consultants and senior consultants with experience in energy markets and climate change; More.

Click here for complete postings on appointments, departures and vacancies.
 

MEDIA REPORTS


OUTGOING UN LEGAL COUNSEL CALLS ATTENTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL AGREEMENTS
UN Legal Counsel Hans Corell has called for more attention to be focused on protecting the environment and averting environmental crises. More.

ESCAP AND HABITAT AGREE TO JOINTLY TACKLE URBAN POVERTY IN ASIA PACIFIC
ESCAP and UN-HABITAT have signed a Memorandum of Understanding aimed at ensuring closer cooperation in reducing urban poverty in the Asia Pacific region. More.

EU BINDS MEMBERS TO KYOTO
The European Union has passed new legislation to turn all provisions of the Kyoto Protocol into European law. More.

RUSSIAN GROWTH DIMS KYOTO HOPES
Rapid economic growth could make it too costly for Russia to join the Kyoto Protocol, according to a new report in Science magazine. More.

US GOES ON GREEN CHARM OFFENSIVE
The Bush administration has gone on the offensive over its environmental record, according to news reports. More.


WTO APPOINTS PANEL IN US-EU BIOTECH DISPUTE
WTO Director-General Supachai Panitchpakdi has appointed the panel that will rule on the US-Argentina-Canada complaint filed by the US, Argentina and Canada against the EU de facto moratorium on GMOs’ approvals. More.

SCIENTISTS WARN OF GM CONTAMINATION
Pharmaceutical and industrial crops are the “back door” to food contamination, says a new report by the Union of Concerned Scientists. More.

UK OKS GM CORN CULTIVATION
The United Kingdom has approved the commercial cultivation of GM corn under strict rules. More.

TRADE TALKS ON TRACK FOR MIDYEAR RESTART
The Doha trade round could be back on track by the middle of the year, according to several key figures involved in the process. More.

US URGED TO TAKE DOHA LEAD
The United States has been called on to take the lead in the Doha trade talks – and warned about heading down a unilateral path on global issues. More.

MINISTERS CHAMPION SOUTH-SOUTH COOPERATION
Politicians from three major developing countries have pledged to increase South-South cooperation. More.
 


ONE-TIME IVORY SALES WILL PROMOTE ILLEGAL TRADE, CAUTIONS IFAW
Illegal trade in ivory is flourishing in the UK despite the country’s good law enforcement capacity, says the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) in a recent report. More.

CENSUS SUGGESTS TIGER COMEBACK
Tiger populations in the Sundarbans appear to be on the rebound, suggest preliminary results of a recent census. More.

ECOTOURISM AGITATES ANIMALS
Animals in areas that promote ecotourism have changed behavior, heart rates and stress hormone levels, according to a recent report in New Scientist magazine. More.

WSPA LAUNCHES ANTI-WHALING CAMPAIGN
The World Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA) has launched a new global campaign to outlaw whaling. More.

WATER ON MARS
NASA scientists have concluded that there is a history of water on Mars, following evidence found by its land rover, Opportunity. More.

KEY PUBLICATIONS AND ONLINE RESOURCES


Sustainable development

DATABASE OF PARTNERSHIPS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
The Division for Sustainable Development (DSD) recently launched an online Database of Partnerships for Sustainable Development. Developed in response to a request from the eleventh session of the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD), it contains voluntary self-reports from partnerships announced at and since the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD). The database allows the user to search these partnerships by title, geographic scope and lead partner. As of 1 February, 266 partnership initiatives were registered with the CSD Secretariat, 209 of which were registered during the WSSD process. The database.

UNLEASHING ENTREPRENEURSHIP: MAKING BUSINESS WORK FOR THE POOR
(UN, 2004) This report was prepared at the request of UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan by the Commission on the Private Sector and Development. The five-chapter report offers recommendations on how governments, public development institutions, the private sector and civil society can enhance the private sector’s ability to contribute to development. Recommendations include calls for better-targeting of subsidies and tax incentives, developing legal systems for protecting property rights that are internationally regarded as credible, and engaging the private sector in the policy process. In addition, developed countries are encouraged to foster a conducive international macroeconomic environment and trade regime, and civil society is encouraged to help increase accountability in the system. The report.

DIRECTORY OF DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS 2004
The Directory of Development Organizations has released its 2004 edition. Aimed at facilitating international cooperation and knowledge sharing in development work, the Directory compiles contact data of sources of assistance available for private sector development and poverty reduction. Listed in the Directory are entities that promote private sector development and poverty alleviation through: finance and microfinance, trade and business development services, rural development and appropriate technology, small enterprise development and policy reforms, community development and social protection, gender and participation, environment and health, research, training and education. Almost 30,000 such entities are included in the directory. The directory.

IISD WEEKLY JOURNAL REVIEW
Subscribe to receive weekly e-updates containing descriptions of peer-reviewed articles on sustainable development.

Water, wetlands, oceans, coasts

LISTENING
(WSSCC, March 2004) Produced by the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC), this publication highlights the failure to achieve safe water and sanitation as the most significant oversight of national and international development efforts over the last 50 years. Through contributions from field workers, Listening addresses why so little progress has been made with regards to provision of safe drinking water and adequate sanitation, and provides a platform for the voices of those not typically heard in international fora. The publication will be launched on World Water Day, 22 March, in London, Dakar, New Delhi, and Islamabad, and on 26 March in Pretoria during South Africa’s National Water Week. Media briefings will be held in London and Paris on Thursday, 18 March 2004. Hard copies can be pre-ordered by contacting Cora Cipriano, while electronic copies will be available online on 18 March.

UNESCO IN ACTION: THE INTERNATIONAL YEAR OF FRESHWATER 2003
(UNESCO, 2004) UNESCO has released a brochure summarizing its involvement in the promotion and observance of the International Year of Freshwater 2003. UNESCO, together with the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), were the lead UN institutions in organizing events during the International Year, which focused on improving awareness on the critical state of freshwater and educating on unsustainable water consumption. The brochure.

IMPROVING MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT IN COASTAL CITIES
(UNEP-GPA, 2004) The United Nation Environment Programme’s Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities (UNEP-GPA) has published this training manual on wastewater management in coastal cities. The manual is aimed at helping municipal wastewater managers improve sanitary services for coastal populations. The manual.

RAMSAR GUIDELINES ON INTEGRATING WETLAND CONSERVATION AND WISE USE INTO RIVER BASIN MANAGEMENT
(Global Environment Centre, 2004) The South East Asia version of the Ramsar Guidelines on Integrating Wetland Conservation and Wise Use into River Basin Management has been published to assist practitioners locate additional materials on wetland conservation and river basin management. The guidelines include relevant case studies from the region on such issues as: collaborative management of the Red River Estuary in Vietnam; the role of civil society in river restoration in Thailand; restoration of the Chilika Lagoon in India; and international cooperation in river basin management from the Mekong River Commission. The guidelines.

OCEAN WONDERLAND TEACHER’S GUIDE
(UENP and WWF, 2004) A teacher’s guide for the recently released 3-D movie, Ocean Wonderland, has been published to help students understand the crucial ecological role coral reefs play in maintaining the well being of the planet, and to highlight and warn against the dangers that are destroying the world’s coral reefs. It describes most of the sea creatures that appear in the movie, and gives some of their main characteristics, and explains how all these creatures belong to and function in a rich but fragile ecosystem that is highly endangered. The guide also draws attention to the main threats to coral reefs and gives recommendations on how to protect them. The guide.

INTERNATIONAL HYDROLOGICAL GLOSSARY
The French National Hydrology Committee has created an international hydrological glossary for UNESCO’s International Hydrological Programme. The glossary – available in 12 languages.

WWAP WATER REPORTS ONLINE
The UN’s World Water Assessment Programme (WWAP) has published seven case studies that examine water resource management issues around the world. The reports are ‘snapshots’ of global conditions, including a selection of on-the-ground studies representing different geographic regions, different conditions of water-related stress, different socio-economic circumstance and different human needs. The reports.
 


Climate, energy, and atmosphere

CRITICAL USE NOMINATIONS – 2004 SUPPLEMENTARY REPORT
(UNEP Technology and Economic Assessment Panel, February 2004) UNEP’s Technology and Economic Assessment Panel has produced an additional report on the issue of methyl bromide in request to a response late last year from Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. The request was made over disagreements on the issue of exemptions to allow the use of methyl bromide – an ozone depleting substance – for “critical uses.”

In its supplementary report, the Panel makes a variety of recommendations, including that Parties to the Montreal Protocol should consider allowing methyl bromide for uses nominated for 2005 and 2006 “critical use exemptions” that have not been approved by Parties to date. However, it adds that this should only be permitted as long as the resulting emissions are offset through the collection and destruction of one kilogram of halon 1211 (another ozone-depleting substance) for every five kilograms of methyl bromide. The Panel also recommended that Parties be allowed to use methyl bromide for “critical use nominations” approved by Parties for 2007 and beyond, but again only if this is balanced by the destruction of a sufficient quantity of halons or chlorofluorocarbons to offset the ozone-depleting potential of the methyl bromide. The Panel notes that Parties’ nominations have been treated “liberally,” but warns that future evaluations will require Parties to demonstrate clearly that their nomination meets all the relevant criteria.

The methyl bromide issue has proved controversial, with further negotiations taking place throughout March to resolve the issue, culminating in an extraordinary Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol scheduled for 24-26 March in Montreal, Canada. This supplementary report proved to be no exception, with one Panel member, Gary Taylor, disagreeing with the procedures and content of the destruction credits section. The report notes Taylor’s view that the report is “seriously flawed” and that the Panel has exceeded its mandate. Taylor, who chairs the Halons Technical Options Committee, is resigning from his position effective 30 June 2004. The report.

EMISSIONS TRADING IN INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION
(Öko-Institut, 2004) This report by Martin Cames and Odette Deuber of Germany’s Institute for Applied Ecology (Öko-Institut) considers emissions trading in aviation, looking at possible design options for a trading system, as well as their likely impacts. The authors argue that an emissions trading system for aviation is “both possible and sensible,” while cautioning that the “total climatic impact of aviation [must] be covered” by such as system if it is to have the desired effect. The report was commissioned by the German Federal Environment Agency in response to the growing focus on economic instruments in limiting the impact of greenhouse gases from the aviation sector (the European Union is reported to be considering emissions levies, while the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is looking at setting up an emissions trading system). The report.

HIGH TIDE: NEWS FROM A WARMING WORLD
(Flamingo Press, March 2004) This new book by Mark Lynas explores the effects of climate change, both now and in the future. Aimed at a mainstream audience, the book is designed to raise awareness of the significant threat posed by climate change. Lynas considers the global impact of this phenomenon, from islands threatened by sea level rise to huge changes taking place in the world’s polar regions. Articles by Mark Lynas and information on how to purchase the book are available online.

ENERGY SUBSIDIES: LESSONS LEARNED IN ASSESSING THEIR IMPACT AND DESIGNING POLICY REFORMS
(Greenleaf Publishing, 2004) Edited by Anja von Moltke, Colin McKee and Trevor Morgan, this book seeks to raise awareness of the impacts of energy subsidies and provide guidance to policy makers on how to develop and implement energy subsidy reforms. It provides methodologies for analyzing subsidies and presents a number of case studies from various countries and regions. It also provides advice on how to overcome resistance to reform. The book draws on a range of sources, particularly the UN Environment Programme and the International Energy Agency. More.

Human development

INNOCENTI DIGEST 11: ENSURING THE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS CHILDREN
(UNICEF IRC, February 2004) Produced by UNICEF’s Innocenti Research Centre, this report reveals that indigenous children are among the most marginalized groups in the global community. The report states that indigenous children face greater threats to survival, including higher mortality rates and lower rates of school enrolment, than other children, and greater risk of human trafficking, sexual or labor exploitation, loss of land and lower self-esteem due to difficulty in integrating into the dominant culture. UNICEF estimates a global population of 300 million indigenous adults and children, most of whom live in Asia and Latin America. The rights of children are protected under the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989), and States are responsible for promoting and protecting these rights. The report recommends that practical initiatives focus on the following four areas: health and nutrition, education, protection and support, birth registration and participation in decision-making. The publication is available in English and Spanish.

COMMON GROUND: WOMEN’S ACCESS TO NATURAL RESOURCES AND THE UNITED NATIONS MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
(WEDO, December 2003) Produced by the Women’s Environment and Development Organization (WEDO), this booklet demonstrates how linking the Millennium Development Goals, in particular those that focus on poverty eradication, gender equality and environmental sustainability (MDGs 1, 3, and 7), can increase women’s access to natural resources. It gives an overview of women’s relationship to natural resources, recommends strategies and actions for making gender equality central to MDGs, and offers links to further information on these issues. The booklet.

Intergovernmental organizations

INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT NEWSLETTER ISSUE 9
The International Network for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement (INECE) has released the latest issue of its tri-annual newsletter. The newsletter features reports on INECE’s recent and upcoming activities, international enforcement news, stories from INECE’s regional networks, and profiles of recent publications. This edition presents the outcomes of a workshop convened by INECE and the OECD on advancing the development and use of environmental compliance and enforcement indicators. It also highlights plans for a new book on environmental enforcement and compliance. The newsletter.
 


Biodiversity and wildlife

NOWHERE TO HIDE: THE TRADE IN SUMATRAN TIGERS
(TRAFFIC, March 2004) This new report, released by TRAFFIC, reveals that at least 50 Sumatran tigers were poached per year between 1998 and 2002, while the latest available figures show that there are between 400 and 500 tigers left in the wild in Sumatra. The report exposes killing of the critically endangered species by professional and semi-professional hunters, as well as a substantial domestic Indonesian market for tiger skins and other parts, and illegal international trade in Sumatran tiger parts sold to other parts of Asia. The report.

IFPRI RESEARCH AT A GLANCE SERIES: BIOTECHNOLOGY AND GENETIC RESOURCES POLICIES
(IFPRI, December 2003) While the first set of IFPRI’s policy briefs focused on intellectual property rights issues, this second set focuses on ex situ genebanks and its collections. They present syntheses and synopses of research conducted by a team from IFPRI’s Environment and Production Technology Division and several collaborators. The briefs address issues such as: search strategies and the value of a large collection; strategies for timely evaluation of genebank accessions; and the demand for crop genetic resources from national and international collections. The briefs

STATE OF THE WORLD’S BIRDS
(BirdLife International, March 2004) The most comprehensive review of the state of birds was released during the recent BirdLife International World Conservation Conference, which was held under the theme “Empowering People for Change” in Durban, South Africa. It uses the IUCN Red List categories and criteria to determine that 1,211 species – 12.4 percent of species or one in eight bird species – are globally threatened with extinction, 179 of which are critically endangered and could disappear completely in the immediate future. It identifies threats to birds, including agricultural activities, fragmentation and destruction of bird habitat, overexploitation, invasive alien species and climate change. It shows that habitat destruction and degradation currently impact 1,045 or 86 percent of globally threatened birds. Overexploitation and the effects of invasive alien species, especially predators, each directly threaten over 300 species, while climate change is identified as a rapidly emerging threat. While the report recognizes that 280 threatened species around the world have already begun to benefit from protection measures, it also warns that conservation measures are not yet in place for 400 species of endangered birds three years after they were officially identified as being in serious danger. The report.

GENETICALLY ENGINEERED ORGANISMS AND THE ENVIRONMENT: CURRENT STATUS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
(Ecological Society of America, February 2004) This position paper states that GMOs have the potential to play a positive role in sustainable agriculture but that their release into the environment could have negative ecological impacts under certain circumstances. The paper notes that risk evaluations of GMOs should focus on an organism’s phenotype, rather than on the process of genetic engineering itself. Noting that the long-term ecological impacts of new types of GMOs may be difficult to predict or study prior to commercialization, the paper strongly recommends a cautious approach to releasing such organisms into the environment. The paper identifies cases where GMOs may pose risk to the environment, including where the GMO may proliferate and persist without human intervention, where genetic exchange is possible, or where the new trait confers an advantage to the GMO over native species in a given environment. It also includes recommendations regarding the development and use of GMOs in the environment. The paper.

CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE USE OF AGRICULTURAL BIODIVERSITY
(International Potato Center, 2003) This book compiles 75 papers of international field-based experiences by scientists, academics, policymakers and donors looking at aspects of conservation and sustainable use of agricultural biodiversity. It encourages action aimed at managing agricultural biodiversity resources within existing landscapes and ecosystems, in support of the livelihoods of farmers, fishers and livestock keepers. More

BIOTECH AND WORLD HUNGER
(Pew Initiative on Food and Biotechnology, 2004) This paper gives an overview of the debate on GM crops and their potential to improve food security in developing countries. The paper argues that poverty and the uneven distribution of food are not the fundamental sources of global hunger. It says that distribution is only one piece of a much more complex solution, which would have to address the broad systemic problems that exist in many developing countries, such as weak government institutions and civil strife. The paper says that agricultural biotechnology does not offer a solution to such problems, but it may provide the means to develop crop varieties that are tailored to particular regions and that could play an important role in addressing hunger. It further argues that deep differences expressed in the biotechnology debate are rooted in perspectives that are far broader than the biotechnology debate itself and cannot be resolved solely within its confines. The paper.

Forests

CONGO BASIN FOREST PARTNERSHIP
The Congo Basin Forest Partnership (CBFP) recently launched a multilingual website to facilitate communication, cooperation and coordination among partners, as well as to respond to the public’s interest in the Congo Basin’s forest and environment. The site includes a description of the partnership, a calendar of events, partnership news updates, contact information and links for partners and to other organizations active in economic development, forest management, and environment in the Congo Basin. The website.

Trade, finance and investment

TRADE AND ENVIRONMENT IN THE WTO: AFTER CANCUN
(RIIA, February 2004) This briefing paper by Duncan Brack and Thomas Branczik for the Royal Institute for International Affairs looks at the linkages between trade and environmental issues. The authors consider how the ongoing growth in global trade can conflict with and, on occasion, support environmental regulation. The report also looks at some of the key areas where trade-environment tensions exist, explains countries’ positions on trade-environment linkages, and assesses how these are influencing the debate. The report.

NEW UPCOMING MEETINGS


Click here for a complete listing of upcoming meetings

Upcoming meetings recently added to Linkages website:

Sustainable development

INTER-AGENCY MEETING ON MEASURES TO ENSURE A “SMOOTH TRANSITION” FOR COUNTRIES GRADUATING FROM LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRY STATUS: 16 March 2004. New York, United States. This inter-agency meeting is convened jointly by DESA’s Development Policy and Planning Office and the Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States (OHRLLS). The goal of the meeting will be to identify actions and measures that could be proposed for adoption by bilateral and multilateral partners to ensure that there is no disruption to a country’s development on its graduation from least developed country status. For more information contact: Anatoly Smyshlyaev, DPPO; tel: +1-212-963-4687; Internet: http://www.un.org/esa/desa82.htm#trendsa1

SIXTH MEETING OF THE CSD-12 BUREAU: 19 March 2004. New York, United States. The sixth meeting of the Bureau of the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) will take place on 19 March. A briefing to delegates on the organization of work for CSD-12 and a conference call with the organizing partners of Major Groups are expected in conjunction with this meeting. For more information contact: Federica Pietracci, Major Groups Programme Coordinator, UN DSD/DESA; tel: +1-212-963-2803; fax: +1-212-963-4260; e-mail: pietracci@un.org; Internet: http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/csd/csd12/csd12.htm

FINANCING FOR DEVELOPMENT SPRING HEARINGS WITH CIVIL SOCIETY AND BUSINESS STAKEHOLDERS: 22 March 2004 - 24 March 2004. New York, United States. The civil society hearings will take place on 22 March and the hearings with business stakeholders will be held on 24 March. These meetings represent the civil society and business components of the financing for development spring hearings with non-institutional stakeholders. For more information contact: Alexandre Trepelkov, Financing for Development Office; tel: +1-212-963-7633; e-mail: ffdoffice@un.org; Internet: http://www.un.org/esa/ffd/

DISTANCE LEARNING SPECIALIZATION COURSES ON “MANAGEMENT OF LOCAL DEVELOPMENT” AND “GENDER APPROACH TO LOCAL DEVELOPMENT”: 23 April 2004 - 1 April 2005. Internet and e-mail. Offered by the Delnet Programme of the International Training Centre of the International Labour Organization (ILO), the course on “Management of local development” is available in English, Spanish and Portuguese, and the course on “Gender approach to local development” is available in Spanish only. Training, information and technical advice services are provided through internet and via e-mail. Delnet supports and assists local actors in the promotion of the territorial development processes. The deadline for enrolment is 26 March and the programmes will begin on 23 April 2004. Forty scholarships are available to applicants from North America, South America, Central America and the Caribbean. The deadline for receipt of application for a scholarship is 8 March 2004. For more information contact: Delnet; tel: +39-11-693-6656; e-mail: delnetenglish@delnetitcilo.net; Internet: http://www.itcilo.it/delnet

MEETING ON GOVERNANCE AND ACCOUNTABILITY: DEVELOPING GUIDELINES FOR SOUTHERN AFRICAN NGOS: 25 May 2004. Johannesburg, South Africa. This conference will address the need for Southern African NGOs to apply principles of best practice, and will launch the process of developing a draft Code of Good Governance for the non-profit sector. For more information contact: Yvonne Morgan; tel: +44-11-726-1148; e-mail: ymorgan@cafsouthernafrica.org; Internet: http://www.cafonline.org/cafsouthernafrica/default.cfm?page=news_story&whichStory=2551

CONFERENCE ON SCALING UP POVERTY REDUCTION: 25 May 2004 - 27 May 2004. Shanghai, China. This conference is expected to convene some 600 participants around a series of development success stories, providing high visibility to approaches in poverty reduction. For more information contact: Kim Cuenco; tel: +1-202-458-9107; e-mail: Ecuenco@worldbank.org; Internet: http://www.worldbank.org/wbi/reducingpoverty/

SECOND CARIBBEAN ENVIRONMENTAL FORUM & EXHIBITION: 31 May 2004 - 4 June 2004. Port-of-Spain, Trinidad. This Forum aims to convene key Caribbean and international stakeholders in the public and private sectors, civil society, the media, academics, researchers, experts, donor and development agencies, technical agencies and institutions, among others, to discuss issues and share experiences related to environment and development. The meeting will also provide a regional forum for presenting and discussing issues related to the International Meeting on the ten year review of the sustainable development of SIDS to be held in Mauritius in August 2004. For more information contact: CEF-2, Conference Secretariat; tel: +758-452-2501; fax: +758-453-2721; e-mail: cef2@cehi.org.lc; Internet: http://www.cehi.org.lc/cef2/index.htm

ISO CONFERENCE ON SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY: 21 June 2004 - 22 June 2004. Stockholm, Sweden. Organized by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), this conference will complement the current ISO exploration of social responsibility and help form the basis for an ISO decision on whether or not to launch the development of International Standards or other ISO tools addressing social responsibility. For more information contact: Takashi Hamasaka, Secretary of the Advisory Group on Social Responsibility; tel: +41-22-749-7253; fax: +41-22-749-7349; e-mail: hamasaka@iso.org; Internet: http://www.iso.ch/iso/en/commcentre/pressreleases/2004/Ref892.html

Biodiversity

THIRD MEETING OF THE AARHUS CONVENTION WORKING GROUP ON GMOS: 24 March 2004 - 26 March 2004. Geneva, Switzerland. Organized by the UN Economic Commission for Europe, Environment and Human Settlements Division, this meeting will continue discussions on the application of the Aarhus Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters on GMOs. For more information contact: tel: +41-22-917-2468; fax: +41-22-917-0107; e-mail: public.participation@unece.org; Internet: http://www.unece.org/env/pp/gmo.htm#gmo3d

Climate, energy and atmosphere

Change of dates:
The dates for the SECOND WORLD RENEWABLE ENERGY FORUM have changed from 30-31 May to 29-31 May 2004

UNFCCC WORKSHOP ON NON-ANNEX I NATIONAL COMMUNICATIONS: 26 April 2004 - 30 April 2004. Manila, the Philippines. This workshop will consider the preparation of national communications in relation to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. The meeting will focus on communications from non-Annex I countries (developing countries). For more information contact: Non-Annex I Implementation Program; tel: +49-228-815-1000; fax: +49-228-815-1999; e-mail: secretariat@unfccc.int; Internet: http://unfccc.int/sessions/workshops.html

MEETING OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE MULTILATERAL FUND FOR THE MONTREAL PROTOCOL: 29 March 2004 - 2 April 2004. Montreal, Canada. The forty-second meeting of the Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of Montreal Protocol is taking place from 29 March – 2 April 2004. The Fund assists many developing countries (known under the Protocol as “Annex 5” countries) to comply with the control measures set out for ozone-depleting substances under the treaty. For more information contact: Secretariat of the Multilateral Fund; tel: +1-514 282-1122; fax: +1-514- 282-0068; e-mail: secretariat@unmfs.org; Internet: http://www.unmfs.org

SECOND ANNUAL BRUSSELS CLIMATE CHANGE CONFERENCE: 11 May 2004 - 12 May 2004. Brussels, Belgium. This conference will examine recent developments in the European Union and internationally, particularly in the EU’s major trading partners such as the US, Japan, Canada, Russia and Australia. The event will focus on the emerging carbon markets, including their size, liquidity and price levels. For more information contact: Mark Kinloch, EU Conferences Ltd; tel: +44-1495-300-012; fax: +44-1495-309-372; e-mail: mark.kinloch@euconferences.com; Internet: http://www.euconferences.com/fraclimate04.htm

ENERGY AND AGRICULTURAL CARBON UTILIZATION SYMPOSIUM: 10 June 2004 - 11 June 2004. Athens, Georgia, United States. Hosted by the University of Georgia, this meeting will bring together energy producers, policy makers, and agricultural and environmental experts interested in the science, technology, business and policy of building a sustainable energy and agriculture partnership. The event will focus on the theme of “A Sustainable Alternative to Sequestration.” For more information contact: Ryan Adolphson, Georgia Industrial Technology Partnership; tel: +1-706-542-4493; fax: +1-706-583-0875; e-mail: ryan@engr.uga.edu; Internet: http://www.georgiaitp.org/carbon

ACIA INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC SYMPOSIUM ON CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE ARCTIC: 9 November 2004 - 12 November 2004. Reykjavik, Iceland. This Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA) event will address a variety of issues relating to climate change in the circumpolar Arctic region, with organizers hoping to focus on identifying knowledge gaps and priorities for new research and monitoring. ACIA has involved a four-year assessment of the impacts of climate change. The event will feed into the Fourth Arctic Council Ministerial Meeting scheduled to take place the following week. For more information contact: Birna B.Berndsen, Congress Reykjavik (ACIA); tel: +354-585-3900; fax: +354-585-3901; e-mail: birna@congress.is; Internet: http://www.amap.no/MiscTempFiles/ACIA-Symp.htm

Human development

37TH SESSION OF THE COMMISSION ON POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT:
22 March 2004 - 26 March 2004. New York, United States. This theme for this session is the “Review and appraisal of the progress made in achieving the goals and objectives of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development.” For more information contact: Joseph Chamie, Director, Population Division; tel: +1-212-963-3179; fax: +1-212-963-2147; Internet: http://www.un.org/esa/population/cpd/comm2004.htm

GLOBAL POPULATION FORUM 2004: 13 May 2004 - 16 May 2004. Washington, DC, United States. This forum is organized by the Population Institute and Population 2005. For more information contact: Population 2005; tel: +1-202-544-3300; fax: +1-202-544-0068; e-mail: info@population2005.org; Internet: http://www.population2005.org

FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION SEMINAR: 24 May 2004 - 27 May 2004. New York, United States. Cornell’s School of Industrial and Labor Relations presents this training programme on freedom of association in the field of international labor standards monitoring and compliance, addressing issues such as freedom of association, the right to organize, and the right to collective bargaining. For more information contact: Robin Remick; tel: +1-607-254-2950; e-mail: foa_seminar@cornell.edu; Internet: http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/international/Programs/seminars/default.html

SECOND INTERNATIONAL PARLIAMENTARIANS’ CONFERENCE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ICPD PROGRAMME OF ACTION (IPCI/ICPD): 18 October 2004 - 19 October 2004. Strasbourg, France. Jointly organized by the Inter-European Parliamentarian Forum on Population and Development and UNFPA in collaboration with the Council of Europe, this conference follows-up on the first IPCI/ICPD, which was held in November 2002 in Ottawa, Canada. For more information contact: Internet: http://www.unfpa.org/icpd/10/#parliamentarian

Intergovernmental organizations

60TH ESCAP SESSION:
22 April 2004 - 28 April 2004. Shanghai, China. The 60th session of the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) will be structured into two segments, with a senior officials segment meeting from 22-24 April, and a Ministerial segment convening from 26-28 April. Signing ceremonies will take place on the Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement and on the Asian Highway Agreement. A high-level panel will discuss knowledge based disaster management. For more information contact: ESCAP; tel: +66-2-288-1234; fax: +66-2-288-1000; Internet: http://www.unescap.org/60/index.asp

Trade, finance and investment

REGIONAL POLICY DIALOGUE ON THE POST-CANCUN REGIONAL TRADING ENVIRONMENT:
30 March 2004 - 31 March 2004. Bangkok, Thailand. This meeting will discuss the progress of the Doha negotiation round in order to promote consensus building and constructive integration of regional liberalization into multilateral talks. For more information contact: C.M.M.Chandrasekara, Economic Affairs Officer, Trade Policy Section, Trade and Investment; e-mail: chandrasekara@un.org; Internet: http://www.unescap.org/tid/mtg/postcancun_rte.asp

CONFERENCE ON VOLUNTARY CODES OF CONDUCT FOR MULTINATIONAL CORPORATIONS: PROMISES AND CHALLENGES: 12 May 2004 - 15 May 2004. Zicklin School of Business, Baruch College, City University of New York, United States. The conference is jointly sponsored by the International Center for Corporate Accountability, Inc. (ICCA), Zicklin School of Business (Baruch College, CUNY), Carol and Lawrence Zicklin Center for Business Ethics Research (The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania), and the World Bank Institute. For more information contact: Olga Emelianova; tel: +1-646-312-2237; fax: +1-646-312-2231; Internet: http://www.ceh.uqam.ca/pdf/conferenceiccamai2004.pdf

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON CORPORATE GOVERNANCE AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN RUSSIA: 3 June 2004 - 4 June 2004. Moscow, Russia. The National Council on Corporate Governance, with support from the World Bank and the OECD, will hold this international conference on corporate governance and economic growth in Russia. For more information contact: National Council on Corporate Governance; tel: +7-95-502-9485; fax: +7-95-502-9485; e-mail: info@nccg.ru; Internet: http://www.nccg.ru/en/site.xp/050051055124.html


Water, wetlands, oceans, coasts

UNEP WORKSHOP ON FINANCING DAMS AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT:
21 April 2004 - 22 April 2004. London, United Kingdom. This workshop, organized by the UNEP-Dams and Development Project (DDP) and co-sponsored by the British Dams Society and WWF, aims to identify ways of minimizing risk related to the financing of dams and their alternatives and achieving more sustainable projects. Risks to be addressed include financial and investment risk, and risks to reputation, livelihoods and the environment. For more information contact: UNEP-DDP; tel: +254-20-62-3891; fax: +254-20-62-4763; e-mail: ddpinfo@unep.org; Internet: http://www.unep-dams.org/document.php?doc_id=283

FOURTH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON SAFE DRINKING WATER: 26 April 2004 - 27 April 2004. Toronto, Canada. This conference seeks to provide up-to-date information and practical strategies for ensuring drinking water safety. For more information contact: Jim Itsou, The Canadian Institute; tel: +1-416-927-7936; fax: +1-416-927-1563; e-mail: j.itsou@canadianinstitute.com; Internet: http://www.canadianinstitute.com/contentframes.cfm?ID=2521

BALTCOAST 2004 CONFERENCE: MANAGING THE BALTIC SEA: 26 April 2004 - 28 April 2004. Rostock-Warnem�nde, Germany. With a focus on Baltic coastal management, this conference will provide an overview of national activities, consider river basin-coast interactions, and address Baltic water planning and management. For more information contact: G. Schernewski, BaltCoast Secretariat; tel: +49-381-519-7279; e-mail: baltcoast@eucc-d.de; Internet: http://www.eucc-d.de/baltcoast2004/

LAGOONS AND COASTAL WETLANDS CONFERENCE: 26 April 2004 - 28 April 2004. Venice, Italy. This conference will focus on the following themes: function and value of lagoon and coastal wetlands; climate change impacts; risk assessment, monitoring strategies and techniques; and adaptation and mitigation strategies and sustainable use. For more information contact: Palazzo Franchetti; tel: +39-41-240-2511; fax: +39-41-240-2512; e-mail: venezia@corila.it; Internet: http://www.corila.it/CoastWetchange/HomePage.html

INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMME ON ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT: 29 April 2004 - 17 May 2004. Galillee College Study Center, Kibbutz Mizra, Israel. Held in Galillee College in Israel, this programme will introduce participants to the Israeli approach to the management of water resources, including the new technologies involved and utilized. Other subjects that will be addressed are solid waste, wastewater, air pollution and environmental impact on health. Tuition scholarships for eligible applicants from transitional and developing countries are currently available. For more information contact: Rachel Gottlieb, Program Administrator; tel: +972-4-983-7444; fax: +972-4-983-0227; e-mail: rgottlieb@galilcol.ac.il; Internet: http://www.galilcol.ac.il/Environment.htm

36TH INTERNATIONAL LI�GE COLLOQUIUM ON OCEAN DYNAMICS: 3 May 2004 - 7 May 2004. Li�ge, Belgium. The purpose of this colloquium is to bring together scientists to identify the most critical scientific improvements to modeling and monitoring systems for marine environmental predictions. For more information contact: J.M. Beckers, University of Li�ge; fax: +32-4366-2355; e-mail: JM.Beckers@ulg.ac.be; Internet: http://modb.oce.ulg.ac.be/Colloquium/2004.html

STORAGE 2004 CONFERENCE: 12 May 2004 - 14 May 2004. Geneva, Switzerland. The first international conference on service reservoirs will allow professionals from the water industry, operators of water supply systems, university researchers, decision makers and students, the opportunity to meet, exchange experiences and perspectives and report on the best practices and latest technology in the field of drinking water service reservoirs. For more information contact: Gerard Luyet, SIG Services Industriels de Gen�ve; tel: +41-22-420-8811; fax: +41-22-420-9380; e-mail: gerard.luyet@sig-ge.ch; Internet: http://www.storage2004.org

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON RIVER CATCHMENT DYNAMICS: 15 May 2004 - 20 May 2004. Solsona, Spain. This conference will explore issues concerning river and catchment processes, with special reference to the Mediterranean environment, and focus on the linkages between human impacts, catchments and river dynamics as a basis for environmental management. For more information contact: Ramon Batalla, University of Lleida; tel: +34-9-7348-1752; e-mail: rbatalla@macs.udl.es; Internet: http://www.ctfc.es/conference2004

56TH SESSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL WHALING COMMISSION: 19 July 2004 - 22 July 2004. Sorrento, Italy. The annual meeting of the IWC will convene to assess current trends in whale stocks and regulations for the whaling industry. For more information contact: IWC Secretariat; tel: +44-12-2323-3971; fax: +44-12-2323-2876; e-mail: secretariat@iwcoffice.org; Internet: http://www.iwcoffice.org/

COASTAL ZONE ASIA PACIFIC CONFERENCE: 5 September 2004 - 9 September 2004. Brisbane, Australia. This conference will focus on improving the quality of life in coastal areas, with a special emphasis on coastal poverty and sustainable livelihoods, coastal ecosystem management, coastal resource economics, and coastal communities and cultures. For more information contact: Sally Brown, Conference Connections; tel: +61-7-3201-2808; fax: +61-7-3201-2809; e-mail: sally.brown@uq.net.au; Internet: http://www.coastal.crc.org.au/czap04/index.html

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SECURITY AND SUSTAINABILITY IN WATER RESOURCES: 6 September 2004 - 9 September 2004. Katmandu, Nepal. Sponsored by the Center for Sustainability, Environment, Equity and Partnership (SEEP), this conference will address the following themes: water and society; water resources system and use; water pollution; aquatic ecosystems; water quality and extreme water events. For more information contact: Naresh Rimal, SEEP; tel: +977-1-424-2917; fax: +977-1-424-6028; e-mail: seepwater@seepwater.org; Internet: http://www.seepwater.org/conference_sswr/sswr.html
 

Linkages is provided by the International Institute for Sustainable Development, publishers of the Earth Negotiations Bulletin.
It is designed to be an electronic clearing-house for information on past and upcoming international meetings
related to environment and development policy.