LINKAGES UPDATE - a fortnightly e-update of new additions to IISD’s Linkages website - 18 December 2003

RECENT MEETINGS COVERED BY IISD REPORTING SERVICES



Above: COP-9 President Miklós Persányi and Joke-Waller Hunter, UNFCCC Executive Secretary, in Plenary

MILAN CLIMATE MEETING SCORES “MIXED” RESULTS
1-12 December 2003 | Milan, Italy
Major climate change negotiations held in Milan have ended with “mixed” results, according to observers. The ninth Conference of the Parties (COP-9) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) ended in mid-December with experts applauding a deal on the use of carbon sinks in the Kyoto Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). However, some critics left the meeting displeased at a lack of progress in other areas. The conference took place against a backdrop of uncertainty over Russia’s intentions towards the Kyoto treaty, and allegations that the U.S. was trying to “derail” the negotiations. Russian ratification is essential if the Kyoto agreement is ever to enter into force as a legally-binding treaty (see the “Media Reports” section for more details).

With the successful end to talks on using sinks in the CDM, some experts are already referring to the Milan meeting as “the forest COP.” Progress was also reported in discussions on the Special Climate Change Fund and the Least Developed Countries’ Fund, although negotiators remained deadlocked on several other issues, with some participants complaining of slow progress and “inertia” in a few cases. However, while the formal negotiations secured only “mixed” results, there was positive feedback from many of the side events and workshops organized on the periphery of the negotiations. According to reports, these side events demonstrated that climate change issues remain high on the political agendas of many NGOs, business groups, and the academic community, regardless of the progress - or lack of it - in the formal negotiations. Earth Negotiations Bulletin coverage.
 

CBD WORKING GROUP HOLDS CONSTRUCTIVE DISCUSSIONS ON COMMUNITIES’ PARTICIPATION AND SUI GENERIS SYSTEMS FOR THE PROTECTION OF TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE, ADOPTS THE AKWÉ: KON GUIDELINES ON IMPACT ASSESSMENTS
8-12 December 2003 | Montreal, Canada
The third meeting of the Ad Hoc Open-ended Inter-Sessional Working Group on Article 8(j) and Related Provisions of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) considered and adopted nine recommendations to be forwarded to COP-7. Expected stalemates were encountered regarding the role of international and national law and the recognition of customary law with regard to sui generis systems. However, the adoption of the Akwé: Kon guidelines on impact assessments, recommendations for concrete steps to increase indigenous participation in the CBD process, and proposed elements for sui generic systems for the protection of traditional knowledge bode well not only for the future of the Article 8(j) Working Group, but also for the implementation of the Convention. Earth Negotiations Bulletin’s coverage.
 

CBD WORKING GROUP FORWARDS TO COP HEAVILY BRACKETED RECOMMENDATION ON AN INTERNATIONAL REGIME ON ACCESS AND BENEFIT-SHARING
1-5 December 2003 | Montreal, Canada
The second meeting of the Ad Hoc Open-ended Working Group on Access and Benefit-sharing (ABS) of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) was charged with the significant task of paving the way for COP-7 negotiations on steps to develop an international ABS regime. Although much time and effort was devoted to debating the regime’s process, nature, scope, elements and modalities, delegates admitted that a heavily bracketed text was the best that could be achieved at such an early stage. Earth Negotiations Bulletin’s coverage.
 


Above: Niek van der Graaf, FAO, Chair Celina de Azevedo Rodrigues, Jim Willis, UNEP

PIC INC-10 PREPARES FOR FIRST MEETING OF COP
17-21 November 2003 | Geneva, Switzerland
Delegates to the Tenth Session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee for an International Legally Binding Instrument for the Application of the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade (PIC INC-10) resumed consideration of major issues associated with the implementation of the interim PIC procedure and continued their work in preparing for the entry into force of the Convention and for the first Conference of Parties (COP-1). Delegates agreed to hold a “mini-INC” session in advance of COP-1 in order to facilitate the process of transitioning between the interim and legally-binding procedures, including adding further chemicals to the interim procedure in advance of COP-1. Earth Negotiations Bulletin coverage.
 

PAN-AFRICAN IMPLEMENTATION AND PARTNERSHIP CONFERENCE ON WATER CONTINUES PREPARATIONS FOR CSD
8-12 December 2003 | Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
The Pan-African Implementation and Partnership Conference on Water considered the CSD-12 agenda items of water, sanitation and human settlements. The Conference provided a platform for African countries, the international community and UN agencies to reaffirm their commitment to solving Africa’s water crisis and to collectively implement the actions envisaged in the African Water Vision, the Water Agenda of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), the WSSD’s targets and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) on water. The outcome of this meeting will be transmitted to the UN Secretary-General to contribute to the preparations for CSD-12. Earth Negotiations Bulletin coverage.
 

GLOBAL CONFERENCE ON OCEANS, COASTS, AND ISLANDS: MOBILIZING FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE COMMITMENTS MADE AT THE WSSD
12-14 November 2003 | Paris, France
During this three-day conference, participants met in Plenary, roundtable and working group sessions to examine the commitments on oceans, coasts and islands made at the WSSD, as well as strategies for achieving implementation of a global oceans agenda, which include mobilizing private sector involvement and involving small island developing States (SIDS). Outcomes from the Global Conference will be included in a Co-Chairs report, containing WSSD implementation perspectives, progress initiatives and summaries of papers presented at the Conference. Sustainable Developments’ coverage.

HIGH-LEVEL DIALOGUE DISCUSSES FINANCING FOR DEVELOPMENT
29-30 October 2003 | UNHQ, New York
Preceded by business and civil society hearings, the High-Level Dialogue on Financing for Development , which took place in the General Assembly, included eight Ministerial Roundtables and an interactive dialogue session. The President’s summary of the meeting indicated that participants sent a clear signal for continued strong international support for the Monterrey process. While progress in some areas was welcomed, disappointing developments in international trade and financial transfers were noted. Many participants called for a more precise mechanism for monitoring the implementation of the Monterrey commitments, as well as for the targets embodied in goal 8 of the Millennium Development Goals on developing a global partnership for development. Many speakers also expressed a desire for both developed and developing countries to report on actions being taken to implement the Monterrey Consensus. More.
 

OTHER RECENT MEETINGS


LATIN AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN REGION PREPARES FOR CSD-12
Delegates in the Latin American and Caribbean region discussed CSD-12 issues at several meetings in November. Delegates at the Regional Forum of Ministers of Housing and Urban Development, who gathered in La Paz, Bolivia, from 6-7 November 2003, heard elements for the report for the CSD by ECLAC, including the region’s main challenges, which have been identified as, inter alia: poverty and urban precariousness, housing financing and urban services, urban segregation, land availability, structure and governability processes, water resource management, and lack of public awareness.

At the 14th Meeting of the Forum of Ministers of the Environment of Latin America and the Caribbean, which convened in Panama City, Panama, from 20-25 November 2003, the region’s ministers identified eight themes of the Latin American and Caribbean Initiative for Sustainable Development for implementation in the biennium 2004-2005. Ministers adopted a Panama Declaration that, among others, reiterated the necessity of access to the resources and new financing mechanisms agreed upon a the Johannesburg Summit, urged the UN system to promptly implement the decisions adopted at the Johannesburg Summit with regard to strengthening the regionalization processes, and appealed for a prompt entering into force of the Kyoto protocol and encouraged the continuation of efforts to implement the Clean Development Mechanism. More.
 

EUROPE’S ENERGY INITIATIVES EXAMINED
26-27 November 2003 | Brussels, Belgium
New programmes, directives and other actions initiated by the European Commission came under the spotlight at a recent conference on energy management. The European Conference on Local Energy Action, an annual event for energy management agents examined various EU goals relating to renewables, energy efficiency and environmentally-friendly urban transport, as well as other objectives for achieving sustainable energy use. More.

ASIA’S ENERGY POLICIES EXPLORED
18-20 November 2003 | Singapore
The Sustainable Energy and Energy Efficiency Asia Exhibition and Conference considered the role of various stakeholders, particularly government and the private sector, in achieving sustainable energy development in the region. The conference focused on the theme of “accessing new markets and commercializing sustainable energy in Asia,” while numerous seminars were also held, focusing on developments in fields such as co-generation, energy from waste, energy efficiency, and clean fuels/fuel cells. More.
 

FORUM DISCUSSES POLITICAL ECONOMY OF FOREST FISCAL REFORMS
19-21 October 2003 | Washington, DC
Participants from Brazil, Cambodia, Cameroon, Ghana, Honduras, Indonesia and Nicaragua shared their experiences in the forest fiscal reform process at the International Workshop on Reform of Forest Fiscal Systems. The Workshop focused on three questions: how to define the mix of fiscal instruments and set the right levels; how to use revenues collected; and how to manage the politics of forest fiscal reform processes. Workshop documentation and more.
 

FAO SESSION SETS TERM LIMITS FOR FUTURE DGS
29 Nov - 10 December 2003 | Rome, Italy
Delegates to the 32nd session of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) decided to limit the terms of office of future Directors-General to six years, renewable only once for a further term of four years. This new policy will apply from the 2005 elections onward. The Conference further passed the organization’s two-year budget of $749 million, a $51 million reduction according to a FAO news report. More.

LINKAGES UPDATE


Linkages Update is our means of keeping you informed of what’s new on IISD Reporting Services' Linkages website. This page is updated on a fortnightly basis, while the website continually posts new information provided by our contributing writers. If you wish to submit relevant materials or subscribe to Linkages Update, e-mail prisna@iisd.org.

Linkages provides updates on:
Recent meetings

Upcoming meetings

Media reports

Key publications, online resources

Comings and goings

Click here for the online versionand archives of Linkages Update.

Using images on Linkages
Images from IISD Reporting Services’ digital coverage of meetings are freely available, with proper citation. If you are looking for an image of a particular person or event, use our search site.
 

COMINGS AND GOINGS


Appointments



CHOWDHURY APPOINTED CHIEF OF BPOA+10 REVIEW
UN Under-Secretary-General Anwarul K. Chowdhury has been appointed the secretary-general of the International Meeting for the 10-year review of the 1994 Barbados Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States (SIDS). More.

DJOGHLAF APPOINTED UNEP ASSISTANT EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR
Ahmed Djoghlaf has been appointed Assistant Executive Director of UNEP.

MACHINEA BEGINS NEW ROLE AS ECLAC HEAD
Former Argentine Minister of Economy Jose Luis Machinea officially began his duties as Executive Secretary of the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
 on 10 December. More.

SALIL SHETTY TO DIRECT MDG CAMPAIGN
UNDP Administrator Mark Malloch Brown named Salil Shetty (India) as Director of the Millennium Development Goals Campaign. More.

WORLD BANK NAMES NEW INVESTMENT AGENCY HEAD
The World Bank Group has appointed Yukiko Omura to head the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA). More.

RIIA NAMES NEW HEAD OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME
Richard Tarasofsky has been appointed the new Head of the Sustainable Development Programme at the Royal Institute of International Affairs. More.

NEW GENDER AND WATER ALLIANCE EXECUTIVE SECRETARY
Maria Arce Moreira de Haagsma (Bolivia) has been chosen as the new Executive Secretary of the Gender and Water Alliance. More.


NEW IHA PRESIDENT
Dogan Altinbilek, a professor at Middle East Technical University in Turkey, has been elected to serve as the President of the International Hydropower Association. More.

APPOINTMENTS TO OCEAN’S NEW EUROPEAN OFFICE
Xavier Pastor, a marine biologist who has led the MarViva biological corridor project in Central America, has been named the Director of the new Oceana European headquarters. More.

IFC NAMES NEW DIRECTOR OF ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
Rachel Kyte has been named the new Director of the Environment and Social Development Department at the International Finance Corporation. More.

Vacancies
 

POSITIONS ANNOUNCED AT IPCC INVENTORIES PROGRAMME
Both posts are based in Hayama, Japan. The closing date for applications is 15 January 2004. More.

UNEP/GEF SEEKS REGIONAL COORDINATORS FOR ASIA AND THE PACIFIC AND LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN
These L-5 positions are based in Beijing and Mexico respectively. Deadline for applications is 11 January 2004. More.

GREENPEACE SEEKS MEDIA ANALYST, WEB DESIGNERS
The media analyst position is based in Amsterdam. The organization is also seeking part-time editors and web designers for occasional short-term contract work. The closing date is 31 December 2003. More.

EUROPEAN FOREST INSTITUTE SEEKS JUNIOR CLIMATE EXPERT
The position will be based in Joensuu, Finland and the deadline for applications is 30 December 2003. More.

POPULATION ACTION INTERNATIONAL SEEKS COMMUNICATIONS DIRECTOR
The position is based in Washington, DC and the deadline for applications is 22 December 2003. More.

 

Click here for complete postings on appointments, departures and vacancies.

 

UPDATED PRIMERS


Linkages provides background information on various issues and multilateral processes. Recently updated primers include:
Desertification
Global Forest Policy, including UNFF, COFO and ITTO
Chemicals Management: PIC; SAICM; Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical Safety
 

MEDIA REPORTS


RUSSIA ALARMS, AMUSES, CONFUSES OVER KYOTO
Russian officials continue to send mixed signals about the Kyoto Protocol, according to several recent reports. More.

U.S. DEFENDS CLIMATE POLICIES
Officials from the United States have gone on the defensive over their country’s climate change policies, maintaining their decision to opt out of the Kyoto Protocol and promoting a variety of alternative policies to deal with the problem. More.

WEATHER DISASTERS BRING RECORD LOSSES
Natural disasters cost the world a record $60 billion in 2003, with most of the losses coming from weather-related catastrophes, according to new research. Losses for the previous year totaled $55 billion. More.

WARMING’S “PROFOUND” HEALTH RISKS RAISED
Climate change could threaten the health of hundreds of millions of people, according to a new study from the World Health Organization. More.

WARMING THREATENS SKI, SNOWBOARD INDUSTRY
Many low altitude ski resorts will struggle to survive as a result of climate change, according to experts. More.

REGIONAL HAZE POLLUTION PACT BECOMES LAW
The world’s first regional agreement to combat transboundary haze pollution has become law. The Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) entered into force in late November. More.

 


INDEPENDENT REVIEW MULLS OVER COMPATIBILITY OF EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES WITH WORLD BANK’S SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS
Launched by the World Bank to discuss its future role in the extractive industries with concerned stakeholders, the Extractive Industries Review (EIR) aims to produce a set of recommendations that will guide involvement of the World Bank Group in the oil, gas and mining sectors. More.

INITIATIVE CHAMPIONS NOBEL PRIZE FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Over one million people and organizations from 106 countries have signed onto the call for a Nobel Prize on sustainable development. More.

FRANCO-AUSTRALIAN MARITIME PACT
France and Australia have signed a maritime cooperation agreement to help reduce illegal fishing in the Southern Ocean. More.

IWMI OPENS NEW DELHI OFFICE
The International Water Management Institute (IWMI), a non-profit scientific research organization, opened a new office in New Delhi to address vital issues of water scarcity in India. More.

INTERNATIONAL HYDROPOWER AWARDS
The Palmiet Pumped Storage Scheme in South Africa and the Salto Caxias Hydropower Plant in Brazil are the recipients of this year’s Blue Planet Prize. More.

IMO CHIEF AWARDED IVORIAN MARITIME MEDAL
William O’Neil, the Secretary-General of the International Maritime Organization - the UN specialized agency responsible for shipping safety and prevention of marine pollution – was awarded the “Commandeur de l’Ordre du Mérite Maritime Ivoirien” from the Government of Côte d’Ivoire. More.

 


COALITION AGREES TO BAN INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITIES IN CANADIAN FOREST
An agreement announced on 1 December 2003 would exempt more than half of Canada’s vast northern forest, about 1 million square miles in all, from industrial activities, including logging and oil and gas exploration. More.

MEXICO’S FORESTS IN THE NEWS
Two recent developments promise to boost protection for Mexican forests. First, USAID pledged US$25 million over the next five years to better protect Mexico’s forests. More.

UPPER HOUSE IN RUSSIAN PARLIAMENT BLOCKS LOGGING AMENDMENTS
On 26 November 2003, the Federation Council, Russia’s upper house of parliament, failed to pass amendments to the Russian Forest Code that would have lead to widespread logging by private companies throughout the country. More.

ECUADOR TO WORK WITH PRIVATE SECTOR TO SLOW DEFORESTATION
An $800 million programme to reduce the pace of deforestation in Ecuador is expected to be approved by its president this year. More.

GLOBAL COMMISSION ON MIGRATION FORMED
The Global Commission on International Migration has been established to provide a comprehensive response to migration issues. More.

 

KEY PUBLICATIONS AND ONLINE RESOURCES


Sustainable development

THE STATE OF FOOD INSECURITY IN THE WORLD 2003
(FAO, 2003) This Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) publication monitors progress towards the World Food Summit and Millennium Development Goal to reduce the number of undernourished people. It provides estimates of worldwide hunger and examines trends in developing countries and countries in transition, and considers the relationships between food insecurity and HIV/AIDS and between water and food security. A special feature examines the relationship between international trade and food security. It concludes with a look at the multiple uses of water for improving diets and incomes, an identification of the keys to sustainable nutrition programmes, and an examination of what is needed to mobilize commitment and combat hunger. The report.

UN-NGLS LAUNCHES NEW WEBSITE
The United Nations Non-Governmental Liaison Service (NGLS) has launched its new website. The new website seeks to provide civil society organizations with the latest information on the work of the UN System, its agencies and relevant intergovernmental processes. In addition to accessing NGLS publications, visitors can also obtain a number of featured UN publications and civil society reports, including official reports on the status of the implementation of major commitments undertaken at UN conferences over the last decade. The website.

VIRTUAL JOURNAL ON ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY
(Elsevier, 2003) The Virtual Journal of Environmental Sustainability lists articles published in Elsevier journals that contain an environmental sustainability component. Listed on a monthly basis, the articles are selected on the basis of their potential to highlight interesting and important developments in the area of environmental sustainability. The journal.

SELF-REGULATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT - GUIDELINES SET BY WORLD INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS FOR THEIR MEMBERS’ FIRMS: AN UPDATE 1996–2003
(UNCTAD, December 2003) This report updates a 1996 effort to appraise the environmental guidelines of world industry associations. In examining the current guidelines of world industry associations, the monograph looks at global environmental management, environmentally sound production and consumption patterns, risks and hazards minimization, and full cost accounting. The review states that the commitments to self-regulation that were made at the Earth Summit in Rio in 1992 have been strengthened by major industry associations in some but not all areas. Increased interest in environmental reporting and in broadening stakeholder communication has been seen in the extractive industry sectors. In contrast, other areas, such as those relating to phase-out of hazardous waste and full cost accounting, have received few policy commitments. The report.

STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN 2004
(UNICEF, December 2003) Highlighting the Millennium Development Goal of eliminating gender disparity in primary and secondary education by 2005, UNICEF’s State of the World’s Children 2004 underscores how educating girls is critical to achieving international development goals. Officially launched at the recent World Summit on Information Society in Geneva, the report shows that enabling girls to receive a good quality basic education improves other indicators of human well-being, and that girls denied an education are more vulnerable to poverty, hunger, violence, abuse, exploitation, trafficking and diseases, and more likely to die in childbirth. It also shows the positive impact of educating girls, and details how breaking barriers that keep girls out of schools render going to school more welcoming for both boys and girls. The report makes a case that education must be approached as a human right rather than a privilege or an expected outcome of economic progress, in order to ensure that governments mobilize the necessary resources to allow children to complete a quality education. The report further calls for a change in how development is approached, including: regarding education as an essential component in development plans, eliminating school fees, integrating education into national poverty reduction plans and increasing international funding for education. The report.

WORLD POPULATION IN 2300
(DESA, December 2003) The world’s population is projected to be about nine billion in 2300, according to a report circulated by the Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs at an Expert Meeting on World Population held on 9 December in New York. This figure is based on the assumption that mortality will steadily decline after 2050, which results in increase in life expectancy. The report has prepared for the first time a set of population projections to the year 2300 for each country of the world. The report outlines findings of different scenarios and highlights in its medium scenario, how Africa’s portion of the global population will increase from 13 to 24 percent from 2000-2300, while Asia’s will decrease from 61 to 55 percent and Europe’s from 21 to 7 percent. The report also finds that the world’s median age will rise from 26 years today to almost 50 years by 2300, due to the trend of continuously increasing longevity. The report.
 


ECOLEX
(December 2003) The world’s most comprehensive environmental law database has been launched online. ECOLEX combines the legal libraries of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), IUCN-the World Conservation Union, and the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), providing online access to over 100,000 legal references. The information in the system covers treaties, national legislation, soft law and other non-binding policy and technical guidance documents, judicial decisions, and law and policy literature. ECOLEX also includes a significant number of legal references from developing countries, with over 120 developing countries having provided input to the system. ECOLEX.

Forests and Biodiversity
 

CHINA’S FOREST POLICY: GLOBAL LESSONS FROM MARKET REFORMS
(RFF and CIFOR, September 2003) This co-publication of Resources for the Future (RFF) and the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) evaluates the effects of China’s forest policy as it has followed or extended from agricultural, trade and other reforms that began in 1978. Edited by William F. Hyde, Brian Belcher and Jintao Xu, the book addresses the pressures exerted by the growing economy on the forest environment, the environmental effects of extractive activities, the property rights arrangements that have fostered the most sustainable management practices and the contribution that forestry can make as an agent of development. It pays particular attention to China’s successful use of economic incentives. More.

CONSERVATION FINANCE GUIDE CD-ROM
The Conservation Finance Alliance has released a CD-ROM version of its Conservation Finance Guide, a replica of their website at http://www.conservationfinance.org. The Conservation Finance Alliance is made up of a number of intergovernmental and governmental agencies and NGOs dedicated to increasing awareness of the range of finance mechanisms available. It includes the Ramsar Convention, UNDP, IUCN, WWF, The Nature Conservancy, the Wildlife Conservation Society, Conservation International, USAID and Germany’s GTZ, among others. Copies of the CD-ROM can be obtained free of charge by contacting Ramsar’s Senior Trade and Development Advisor Alain Lambert.

Water, wetlands, oceans, oceans
 

WATER AND WETLAND INDEX-CRITICAL ISSUES IN WATER POLICY ACROSS EUROPE
(WWF, 2003) The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) has recently published a report revealing that nearly two-thirds of 23 European countries surveyed are failing to manage water resources effectively and are taking ineffective measures to tackle such regional water problems as pollution and over-consumption. Finland, France, Switzerland, Sweden and Belgium earned high marks for preserving wetlands and managing floods and pollution through legislation, while Italy, Greece, and Spain were ranked the lowest across a range of water issues. The report.

AGRICULTURE, FOOD AND WATER
(FAO, 2003) Prepared as part of the UN’s World Water Development Report, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has published independently a report on the role of water in food production, the contributions from rainfed and irrigated agriculture, and food security and the right to adequate food in the world. Report.

WATER PRODUCTIVITY IN AGRICULTURE: LIMITS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR IMPROVEMENT
(CABI Publishing, 2003) This publication is the first in a series by the Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture (CA), a global research programme that began in 2001 to address the issue of global water scarcity by taking stock of the investments made in water management in agriculture over the past 50 years. The text, edited by J.W. Kijne, R. Barker and D. Molden, is aimed at water managers, technical advisors and researchers and focuses on both irrigated and rain-fed agriculture. It outlines recommendations that will contribute to greater water productivity in food production and highlights improvements that need to be made in the management of irrigation systems, including policy and institutional reform needed within and outside the water sector at national and regional levels. More.

NEW SPANISH WATER WEBSITE LAUNCHED
Boletín de Noticias – Agua y saneamiento is now available online. Jointly published by the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) and the IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre in the Netherlands, the website provides up-to-date information on water and sanitation related issues, particularly in Latin America. The website.


Energy, Climate and Atmosphere
 

THE INTERNATIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE REGIME: A GUIDE TO RULES, INSTITUTIONS AND PROCEDURES
(Institute of Development Studies/Cambridge University Press, 2003/04) This new book by Farhana Yamin and Joanna Depledge explains the rules, institutions and procedures of the climate change regime, covering the UNFCCC, the Kyoto Protocol, and all decisions by the Conference of the Parties. While the final version of the book will not be published until 2004, copies of the advance draft are now available.

GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM ANNEX I COUNTRIES
(GRID-Arendal, December 2003) Norway’s GRID-Arendal has produced two new sets of graphs charting the historical and projected emissions of greenhouse gases of developed countries. The graphs use the Kyoto target as a point of reference, and employ data from the Third National Communications collected by the UNFCCC Secretariat. Prepared in time for the ninth Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC held in December 2003 in Milan, Italy, the graphs suggest that, while Sweden and the UK are likely to meet their Kyoto targets, many other countries are likely to over-pollute, therefore exceeding their goals. Country-by-country graphs.

STATE AND TRENDS OF THE CARBON MARKET
(World Bank, December 2003) This report provides an overview of the emerging carbon market, particularly in relation to the Kyoto Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and joint implementation (JI) initiative. The new study suggests that the Kyoto Protocol is having a significant impact on the carbon market, even though the treaty has yet to enter into force. Based on material provided by various organizations and agencies active in the field, the report finds that the volume exchanged on the carbon market doubled over 12 months, exceeding 70 million tons of carbon dioxide equivalent in 2003. Two years ago, only 13 million tons was traded. The report outlines the growing private sector participation in the market. It also details where emission reduction projects are located, noting that much of Africa, and many smaller developing countries, are not yet benefiting from the growing trade. The report.

THE CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM (CDM) TOOLKIT: A RESOURCE FOR STAKEHOLDERS, ACTIVISTS AND NGOS
(CDM Watch, November 2003). This CDM Toolkit is designed for stakeholders, community groups, civil society organizations and non-governmental organizations that have little or no prior experience with the CDM. Produced by CDM Watch, a non-profit organization based in Indonesia, the Toolkit provides an explanation of how the CDM works, what rights it gives stakeholders, and how to assess projects. The Toolkit is now available in English, French, Indonesian, Portuguese, and Spanish, and will soon be published in Hindi.

SEEING THE LIGHT: ADAPTING TO CLIMATE CHANGE WITH DECENTRALIZED RENEWABLE ENERGY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
(Climate Change Knowledge Network, December 2003). This latest publication from CCKN highlights the positive contribution of decentralized renewable energy to integrated climate policy. Using case studies, the report examines how such energy projects can help build adaptive capacity. The report also contains specific recommendations for supporting such projects through the Kyoto Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). More information.

INTEGRATING MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION INTO CLIMATE AND DEVELOPMENT POLICY: THREE RESEARCH QUESTIONS
(Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, November 2003). This research paper is one of several released in recent weeks by the Tyndall Centre in the UK. In this paper, Richard J.T. Klein, Emma Lisa Schipper and Suraje Dessai argue that, rather than actually developing and implementing specific mitigation and adaptation options, climate policy should instead aim to facilitate such development and implementation as part of sectoral policies. The latest Tyndall Centre working papers are available online.


 


 

NEW UPCOMING MEETINGS


Click here for a complete listing of upcoming meetings

Upcoming meetings recently added to Linkages website:
 

EU INTERNAL MARKET AND THE WTO MULTILATERAL TRADING SYSTEM: CONSTRAINTS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCT REGULATION: 18 December 2003. Brussels, Belgium. During the first part of this event, researchers will present the results of a two-year project on “The feasibility of an environmentally-sound integrated product policy in Belgium,” examining the possibilities for implementation of the Belgian federal law on product standards against the background of relevant provisions of EC law and WTO law. The second part of the programme will focus on the developments in EC and WTO law affecting national environmental and health regulation. For more information contact: Institute for European Studies; tel: +32-2-629-1222; fax: +32-2-629-1809; e-mail: ies@vub.ac.be; Internet: http://www.ies.be

INTERGOVERNMENTAL CONSULTATION ON STRENGTHENING THE SCIENTIFIC BASE OF UNEP: 14 January 2004 - 15 January 2004. Nairobi, Kenya. As part of the implementation of Governing Council decision 22/1/IA on strengthening the scientific base of UNEP, the Executive Director was requested "to facilitate an intergovernmental consultation taking into account available funding, transparency, regional balance and adequate developing country participation, in preparation for the Governing Council/Global Ministerial Environment Forum at its eighth special session." This meeting responds to that request. For more information contact: Anna Stabrawa; tel: +254-20-624-152; e-mail: Anna.Stabrawa@unep.org; Internet: http://science.unep.org/upcomingmeetings.asp

PREPARATORY COMMITTEE FOR UNCTAD XI: 16 January 2004 - 23 January 2004. Geneva, Switzerland. The Preparatory Committee for UNCTAD XI will meet on 16 January and from 19-23 January 2004 at the Palais des Nations in Geneva. For more information contact: Amel Haffouz; tel: +41-22-907-1234; fax: +41-22-907-0043; e-mail: amel.haffouz@unctad.org; Internet: http://www.unctad.org/Templates/Startpage.asp?intItemID=1942&lang=1

EUROPEAN CONFERENCE FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY – INTELLIGENT POLICY OPTIONS:
19 January 2004 - 21 January 2004. Berlin, Germany. This conference will analyze the development of renewable energy, providing a forum for discussion on market prospects, appropriate policies and new targets for 2020 (the European Community currently has targets for 2010). This Conference precedes the International Conference for Renewable Energies, scheduled to take place in June 2004. For more information contact: EREC – European Renewable Energy Council; tel: +32-2-546-1933; fax: +32-2-546-1934; e-mail: berlin2004@erec-renewables.org; Internet: http://www.erec-renewables.org/Berlin2004.htm

INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT:
21 January 2004 - 23 January 2004. Bangalore, India. Organized by the Solar Energy Society of India (SECI), this event will cover a range of issues ranging from renewable energy technologies to the economic implications of achieving sustainable energy use. For more information contact: ELPRO Energy Centre; tel: +91-80-312-2676; fax: +91-80-348-7396; e-mail: support@ecoenergycentre.com; Internet: http://www.icore2004.com/

AFRICAN REGIONAL WORKSHOP ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF UNFCCC ARTICLE 6:
28 January 2004 - 30 January 2004. Banjul, The Gambia. This regional meeting will consider how to implement Article 6 (education, training, and public awareness) of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. The workshop is being organized by UNEP in cooperation with the UNFCCC Secretariat. For more information contact: Danielle Dubois-Marie, UNEP; tel: +41-22-917-8196; fax: +41-22-797-3464; e-mail: danielle.dubois@unep.ch; Internet: http://www.unep.ch/Article6Workshop/

PACIFIC
ISLANDS REGIONAL OCEAN FORUM:
2 February 2004 - 6 February 2004. Suva, Fiji. This forum will bring multi-stakeholders from ocean related sectors in the region to discuss and develop a Pacific Islands regional ocean framework for integrated strategic action. For more information contact: Pacific Islands Regional Ocean Forum; tel: +679-337-9278; fax: +679-337-0146; e-mail: oceanforum@spc.int; Internet: http://www.spc.int/piocean/forum/oceanforum.htm

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE WTO - TRADE, INVESTMENT AND ENVIRONMENT AFTER
CANCUN: 23 February 2004 - 24 February 2004. Chatham House, London, United Kingdom. This conference aims to examine questions such as: Can the USA and EU respond imaginatively to developing country concerns over agricultural subsidies and market access? Will the negotiating dynamic that emerged at Cancún, with the new G21 grouping of the larger exporting developing countries, make the Doha Round talks easier or harder to resolve? Will the USA and EU abandon the WTO approach to trade talks, and pursue their own agenda through bilateral and regional agreements? Will the potential conflicts between trade and environment rules, largely sidelined at Cancún, be resolved politically, or will we see them continue to be fought out through trade disputes? The event is the fifth in Chatham House’s trade, investment and sustainable development series. For more information contact: Conference Unit; tel: +44-20-7957-5700; fax: +44-20-7321-2045; e-mail: conferences@riia.org; Internet: http://www.riia.org/index.php?id=5&cid=38

14TH MEETING OF THE CITES PLANT COMMITTEE: 23 February 2004 - 27 February 2004. Windhoek, Namibia. This meeting is organized by the CITES Secretariat. For more information contact: CITES Secretariat; tel: +41-22-917-8139; fax: +41-22-797-3417; e-mail: cites@unep.ch; Internet: http://www.cites.org

POWER-GEN RENEWABLE ENERGY CONFERENCE: 1 March 2004 - 3 March 2004. Las Vegas, Nevada, United States. This conference will bring together members of the renewable energy industry to discuss the key technical, regulatory, structural, economic and market issues impacting their commercial future. For more information contact: John L. Anderson, Manager, Sponsorship Sales, POWER-GEN; tel: +1-651-480-2224; fax: +1-651-480-1503; e-mail: johna@pennwell.com; Internet: http://pgre04.events.pennnet.com/

FIFTH SESSION OF THE INTERIM CHEMICAL REVIEW COMMITTEE OF THE
ROTTERDAM CONVENTION: 2 March 2004 - 6 March 2004. Geneva, Switzerland. For more information contact: Jim Willis, UNEP Chemicals; tel: +41-22-917-8111; fax: +41-22-797-3460; e-mail: chemicals@unep.ch; Internet: http://www.pic.int

WORLD SUSTAINABLE ENERGY DAYS 2004 CONFERENCE:
3 March 2004 - 5 March 2004. Wels, Austria. This conference will provide a forum for learning about major European trends in energy policies and technologies, including trends in the fields of green electricity, pellets technologies and innovative buildings. For more information contact: O.Ö. Energiesparverband Energy Agency; tel: +43-732-7720-14380; fax: +43-732-7720-14383; e-mail: office@esv.or.at; Internet: http://www.esv.or.at/aktuelles/WEST/index_e.htm

METHYL BROMIDE TECHNICAL OPTIONS COMMITTEE MEETING:
15 March 2004 - 19 March 2004. Lisbon, Portugal. The Montreal Protocol’s Technical Options Committee dealing with methyl bromide will discuss exemptions for the use of this ozone-depleting substance. A resolution on this matter proved elusive during the recent 15th Meeting of Parties to the Montreal Protocol (MOP-15), with delegates unable to reach a final agreement. The Technical Options Committee will be followed by an Extraordinary Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol. For more information contact: Ozone Secretariat, UNEP; tel: +254-2-62-3850; fax: +254-2-62-3601; e-mail: ozoneinfo@unep.org; Internet: http://www.unep.org/ozone/

THIRD EUROPEAN CONFERENCE ON GREEN POWER MARKETING:
18 March 2004 - 19 March 2004. Lausanne, Switzerland. This conference will focus on the opportunities arising from international green power trading on the European market. It will include sessions on international policy and market trends, green power trading, products and pricing policy, customer requirements, and a panel discussion on “interaction of labeling and certification.” For more information contact: Conference Management; tel: +41-1-296-8709; fax: +41-1-296-8702; e-mail: info@greenpowermarketing.org; Internet: http://www.greenpowermarketing.org/english/index2.html

EXTRAORDINARY MEETING OF THE PARTIES TO THE
MONTREAL PROTOCOL: 24 March 2004 - 25 March 2004. Montreal, Canada. This meeting is expected to attempt to conclude negotiations on the issue of methyl bromide exemptions. It follows a meeting of the relevant technical committee. For more information contact: Ozone Secretariat, UNEP; tel: +254-2-62-3850; fax: +254-2-62-3601; e-mail: ozoneinfo@unep.org; Internet: http://www.unep.org/ozone/

2004 CERTIFICATION WATCH CONFERENCE: THE FRONTIERS OF
FOREST CERTIFICATION: 28 March 2004 - 2 April 2004. Vancouver, BC, Canada. This conference, which is sponsored by Forest Certification Watch, will include an exhibit area and field tour. Participants will address issues such as: the linkages between State or Provincial-level forest policy and certification; certification of non-industrial private forests in the US and Canada; sustainable management and certification of the boreal forest; and responsible procurement policy and implementation. The field tour will take place on 28-30 March in the Kamloops region of the BC Interior. For more information contact: Conference Coordinator; tel: +1-514-273-5777; e-mail: info@CertificationWatchConference.org; Internet: http://www.CertificationWatchConference.org

20TH MEETING OF THE CITES ANIMALS COMMITTEE: 29 March 2004 - 2 April 2004. South Africa. This meeting is organized by the CITES Secretariat. For more information contact: CITES Secretariat; tel: +41-22-917-8139; fax: +41-22-797-3417; e-mail: cites@unep.ch; Internet: http://www.cites.org

ASSURING FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY IN AFRICA BY 2020: 1 April 2004 - 3 April 2004. Kampala, Uganda. This all-Africa conference will bring together the traditional and new actors and stakeholders to deliberate on how to bring about change and action to assure food and nutrition security. For more information contact: Internet: http://www.ifpri.org/2020africaconference/index.htm

GLOBAL FLYWAYS CONFERENCE 2004 - WATERBIRDS AROUND THE WORLD: 3 April 2004 - 8 April 2004. Edinburgh, United Kingdom. Organized by Wetlands International, the conference will focus on major themes and developments related to the global conservation of waterbird flyways during their full annual cycle. For more information contact: Gerard C. Boere, Wetlands International; tel: +31-317-47-88-87; fax: +31-317-47-88-50; e-mail: gerard.boere@wetlands.org; Internet: http://www.wetlands.org/GFC/Default.htm

FOURTH WORLD FISHERIES CONGRESS:
2 May 2004 - 6 May 2004. Vancouver, BC, Canada. Under the theme of - Reconciling Fisheries with Conservation: The Challenge of Managing Aquatic Ecosystems - the 4th World Fisheries Congress will explore the issues that underpin the reconciliation of fisheries with conservation through the promotion of scientific advice, cooperation and partnership among the world’s fisheries scientists, managers, the fishing industry, and conservationists. For more information contact: Congress Secretariat; tel: +1-604-688-9655; fax: +1-604-685-3521; e-mail: fish2004@advance-group.com; Internet: http://www.worldfisheries2004.org/program/congress_theme.htm

WORLD CONFERENCE ON DISASTER REDUCTION AT KOBE-HYOGO PREPCOM I: 6 May 2004 - 7 May 2004. Geneva, Switzerland. The World Conference is scheduled for 2005. For more information contact: UN/ISDR; tel: +41-22-917-2103; fax: +41-22-917-0563; e-mail: isdr@un.org; Internet: http://www.unisdr.org/

FORUM BARCELONA 2004: 9 May 2004 - 26 September 2004. Barcelona, Spain. Embracing the core themes of sustainable development, cultural diversity and conditions for peace, the Forum will run for 141 days, allowing visitors to experience cultures and entertainment from around the world through a variety of exhibitions, markets, games and performances. For more information contact: Universal Forum of Cultures – Barcelona 2004; tel: +34-93-320-9010; fax: +34-93-320-9020; e-mail: forum@barcelona2004.org; Internet: http://www.barcelona2004.org/eng/

COASTAL SOCIETY 2004 CONFERENCE:
23 May 2004 - 26 May 2004. Newport, Rhode Island, United States. The Coastal Society’s 19th biennial conference will focus on how coastal managers, resource users, law and policymakers, educators and students, and other coastal community members measure and assess coastal resources, functions and human impacts. For more information contact: Judy Tucker, Coastal Society; tel: +1-703-768-1599; fax: +1-703-768-1598; e-mail: coastalsoc@aol.com; Internet: http://www.thecoastalsociety.org/conference/tcs19/index.html

WILDLIFE AS A NATURAL RESOURCE - 6TH INTERNATIONAL WILDLIFE RANCHING SYMPOSIUM:
6 July 2004 - 9 July 2004. Paris, France. The 6th International Wildlife Ranching Symposium will provide a forum to interact, and exchange information and ideas on all aspects of wildlife conservation as a tool for sustainable development. Participants wishing to present a paper/presentation are invited to submit their proposal in French or English by 31 January 2004. For more information contact: The Symposium Coordinator; fax: +33-1-56-59-77-56; e-mail: igf@fondation-igf.fr; Internet: http://www.mekonginfo.org/mrc_en/announce.nsf/0/ff06fae64ae1977a47256db00031556b?OpenDocument

24TH SESSION OF THE OPEN-ENDED WORKING GROUP TO THE
MONTREAL PROTOCOL: 12 July 2004 - 16 July 2004. Geneva, Switzerland. The Open-Ended Working Group to the Montreal Protocol, convening for its annual mid-year meeting, is expected to review progress in the various committees and prepare for MOP-16 in November 2004. For more information contact: Ozone Secretariat, UNEP; tel: +254-2-62-3850; fax: +254-2-62-3601; e-mail: ozoneinfo@unep.org; Internet: http://www.unep.org/ozone/

2004
STOCKHOLM WORLD WATER WEEK: 16 August 2004 - 20 August 2004. Stockholm, Sweden. The 2004 World Water Week is themed �Drainage Basin Management - Regional Approaches for Food and Urban Security.� The First Announcement/Call for Abstracts is now available and includes information about the Stockholm Water Symposium workshop topics, seminars to be organized by the European Union, World Water Council, and International Water Management Institute, among others. For more information contact: David Trouba; tel: +46-8-522-139-60; fax: +46-8-522-139-61; e-mail: dave.trouba@siwi.org; Internet: http://www.siwi.org

11TH MEETING OF THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL NEGOTIATING COMMITTEE ON THE PRIOR INFORMED CONSENT PROCEDURE (INC-11):
18 September 2004. Geneva, Switzerland. INC-11, which will convene as a Conference of Plenipotentiaries, will be held on 18 September 2004, in Geneva, Switzerland. For more information contact: Jim Willis, UNEP Chemicals; tel: +41-22-917-8111; fax: +41-22-797-3460; e-mail: chemicals@unep.ch; Internet: http://www.pic.int

FIRST CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES TO THE
ROTTERDAM CONVENTION (COP-1): 20 September 2004 - 24 September 2004. Geneva, Switzerland. COP-1 is tentatively scheduled for 20-24 November 2004, in Geneva, Switzerland. For more information contact: Jim Willis, UNEP Chemicals; tel: +41-22-917-8111; fax: +41-22-797-3460; e-mail: chemicals@unep.ch; Internet: http://www.pic.int

SECOND ISRAEL-PALESTINIAN-INTERNATIONAL WATER CONFERENCE:
9 October 2004 - 12 October 2004. Rome, Italy. The conference, sponsored by the Israel /Palestine Center for Research and Information (IPCRI) together with the International Water Resources Association (IWRA), aims to bring together water specialists to provide a basis for improved cooperation between the peoples of the region and the international community in developing, managing and protecting their scarce shared water resources. For more information contact: Robin Twite, Conference Coordinator; tel: +972-2-676-9460; fax: +972-2-676-8011; e-mail: robin@ipcri.org; Internet: http://www.ipcri.org/water-conference.html

16TH MEETING OF THE PARTIES TO THE
MONTREAL PROTOCOL: 22 November 2004 - 26 November 2004. Prague, Czech Republic. Delegates attending MOP-16 will continue their negotiations to phase-out the use of various ozone-depleting substances such as hydrochlorofluorocarbons (production of which must be stabilized by 2004) and methyl bromide (which developed countries were originally to have phased out by 2005). For more information contact: Ozone Secretariat, UNEP; tel: +254-2-62-3850; fax: +254-2-62-3601; e-mail: ozoneinfo@unep.org; Internet: http://www.unep.org/ozone/
 

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