LINKAGES UPDATE - a fortnightly e-update of new additions to IISD’s Linkages website  - 18 June 2003

RECENT COVERAGE BY IISD REPORTING SERVICES

LINKAGES UPDATE


Linkages Update is our means of keeping you informed of what’s new on IISD Reporting Services’ Linkages website. This page is updated on a fortnightly basis, while the website continually posts new information provided by our seven Issue Cluster Experts. If you wish to submit relevant materials or subscribe to Linkages Update, e-mail prisna@iisd.org.

 

ENB on Google News
You can now search for ENB’s coverage of international meetings on http://news.google.com/.

 

Using images on Linkages
Images from IISD Reporting Services’ digital coverage of meetings are freely available, with proper citation. If you are looking for an image of a particular person or event, use our search site.
 

COMINGS AND GOINGS

 

Appointments and Departures
 

JACQUELINE ALOISI DE LARDEREL RETIRES

Jacqueline Aloisi de Larderel, head of UNEP’s Division of Technology, Industry and Economics and Assistant Executive Director of UNEP, is retiring after 15 years of service with UNEP. More.

JOSÉ OCAMPO APPOINTED AS UNDER-SECRETARY-GENERAL FOR ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL AFFAIRS

José Antonio Ocampo has been appointed the new Chief of the United Nations Department for Economic and Social Affairs. Ocampo, who has been serving as Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) since 1998, will replace Nitin Desai and begin his duties in September 2003. More.

REMI PARMENTIER LEAVES GREENPEACE

After over 25 years of working at Greenpeace, Remi Parmentier, Greenpeace International’s Political Director, will leave the NGO. Parmentier has joined forces with another Greenpeace veteran, Kelly Rigg, to form the Varda Group, a consulting service that aims to provide strategic services and support for "creating change for the benefit of people and the planet." The Varda Group’s activities include: developing and implementing projects that improve the environment, health, and social welfare; building capacity and sharing of expertise with NGOs; and providing strategic advice to NGOs, governments, business and intergovernmental organizations for the purposes of accelerating positive change. More information on the Varda Group.

WIPO DIRECTOR GENERAL REAPPOINTED FOR SIX-YEAR TERM
The World Intellectual Property Organization General Assembly has reappointed WIPO Director General Kamil Idris for a second six-year term, beginning 1 December 2003. More.

CIDA APPOINTS NEW PRESIDENT AND SENIOR VICE-PRESIDENT
On 5 May 2003, the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) appointed Paul Thibault as its new President and Peter Daniel as its new Senior Vice-President. Thibault previously served as Associate Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs and Associate Deputy Minister of Industry, while Daniel was Vice-President of CIDA’s Central and Eastern Europe Branch.


Vacancies

IUCN seeks park management advisor for the Kyabobo National Park: Ghana, 30 June
CBD seeks marine and coastal officer: Montreal, 8 July
Ramsar seeks African coordinator: Gland, 15 July
CITES Secretariat seeks information network officer for Convention support unit: Geneva, 22 July

Click here for more information on new appointments and vacancies

 

UPCOMING MEETINGS


Click here to download complete list of upcoming meetings in pdf format.
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Meetings recently added to
Linkages website:

Meeting of the Bern convention group of experts on invasive alien species: 19-20 June 2003. Strasbourg, France.
Meeting of the international working group for biodiversity indicators and monitoring: 26-27 June 2003. Copenhagen, Denmark.
Mangrove ecosystem workshop: 26-28 June 2003. Tapachula Chiapas, Mexico.
10th international coral reef symposium: 28 June - 2 July 2003. Okinawa, Japan.
Meeting of the ad hoc technical expert group on mountain biodiversity: 1-4 July 2003. Rome, Italy.
 Workshop on biodiversity, traditional knowledge and rights of indigenous peoples: threats and challenges: 3-5 July 2003. Geneva, Switzerland.
Meeting of the further elaboration and guidelines for implementation of the ecosystem approach: 7-11 July 2003. Montreal, Canada.
International workshop on wise use of lagoon wetlands: 23-25 July 2003. Hokkaido, Japan.
International congress on the use of clean energy in energy projects in the unconnected zones of Colombia: 4-5 September 2003. Bogota, Colombia.
18th session of the global biodiversity forum: biodiversity, trade and sustainable development: 5-7 September 2003. Cancun, Mexico.
Temperate Wetland Restoration Training Course: 7-12 September 2003. Ontario, Canada.
Eighth international living lakes conference: 7-12 September 2003. Norwich, UK.
2003 Sønderborg conference on renewable energy: meeting the climate change challenge: 17-19 September 2003. Sønderborg, Denmark.
Fourth international energy symposium on energy investment opportunities: 24-26 September 2003. Fuschl, Vienna.
Global summit on medicinal plants: 25-30 September 2003. Terre Rouge, Mauritius.
Asia-Europe environment forum - finding the path from Johannesburg: 29-30 September 2003. Bangkok, Thailand.
Second international conference on early warning (EWCII): 16-18 October 2003. Bonn, Germany.
International water and effluent seminar and exhibition: 11-13 November 2003. Birmingham, UK.
GEF NGO consultation and Council meeting: 18-21 November 2003. Washington, DC, US.
Berlin conference on the human dimensions of global environmental change: 5-6 December 2003. Berlin, Germany.
  42nd session of the commission for social development: 4-13 February 2004. New York, US.
GEF NGO consultation and Council meeting: 18-21 May 2004. Washington, DC, US.
International conference on economics of sustainable forest management: 20-22 May 2004. Toronto, Canada.
GEF NGO consultation and Council meeting: 16-19 November 2004. Washington, DC, US.

 

UNFF CONSIDER PROGRESS IN IPF/IFF PROPOSALS FOR ACTION
26 May - 6 June 2003 | Geneva, Switzerland
Delegates at the third session of the United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF-3) addressed progress in implementation of the Intergovernmental Panel on Forests/Intergovernmental Forum on Forests proposals for action related to three substantive items: economic aspects of forests; forest health and productivity; and maintaining forest cover to meet present and future needs. UNFF-3 adopted six resolutions on: enhanced cooperation and policy and programme coordination; forest health and productivity; economic aspects of forests; maintaining forest cover to meet present and future needs; the UNFF Trust Fund; and strengthening the Secretariat. UNFF-3 also approved two decisions: on the voluntary reporting format; and on the terms of reference for the three ad hoc expert groups, a task that had been carried forward from UNFF-2. Of particular concern were the terms of reference for the ad hoc expert group charged with recommending the parameters of a mandate for developing a legal framework on all types of forests. Click here for the Earth Negotiations Bulletin report.

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UNICPOLOS CONVENES MEETING TO CONSIDER SAFETY OF NAVIGATION AND PROTECTION OF VULNERABLE MARINE ECOSYSTEMS
2-6 June 2003 | UNHQ, New York
The fourth meeting of the United Nations Open-ended Informal Consultative Process on Oceans and the Law of the Sea convened to exchange views on areas of concern and actions needed, particularly in matters of cooperation and coordination on oceans issues. Two discussion panels were held to consider safety of navigation, including capacity building for the production of nautical charts, and the protection of vulnerable marine ecosystems. Delegates agreed on a draft text of elements to be suggested to the General Assembly for its consideration, which included proposals on safety of navigation, the protection of vulnerable marine ecosystems, and cooperation and coordination on ocean issues. Click here for the Earth Negotiations Bulletin report.
 

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MEXICO ACTION SUMMIT EXPLORES FOOD SECURITY, NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND BIODIVERSITY STEWARDSHIP
2-3 June 2003 | Mexico City, Mexico
Participants at the Mexico Action Summit explored how increased food production to feed the rural poor can be made compatible with natural resource management and biodiversity stewardship. Delegates also examined how international trade and domestic subsidy policies can be reformed to make sustainable development possible. The meeting provided an action plan for cooperation between business, governments, multilateral institutions and civil society from developing and developed countries, calling on the G-8 and other leaders to act to address hunger and poverty, while protecting and restoring the world’s natural environment for future generations. Click here for the Sustainable Developments summary.

 


L-R: Ricardo Anguizola (Panama), ITTC-34 Vice-Chairperson Jan McAlpine (US), ITTC-34 Chair Bin Che Yeom Freezailah (Malaysia) and ITTO Executive Director Manoel Sobral Filho

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ITTC MEETS FOR ITS 34TH SESSION
12-17 May 2003 | Panama City, Panama
The 34th session of the International Tropical Timber Council (ITTC-34) adopted 11 decisions on, inter alia: projects, pre-projects and activities; the management of the administrative budget; the Asia Forest Partnership; criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management; negotiations for a successor agreement to the ITTA, 1994 Agreement; cooperation between ITTO and the CITES on broad-leaf mahogany; the biennial work programme and administrative budget; phased approaches to certification; and the expansion and diversification of international trade in tropical timber. At the session, delegates approved nine projects and eight pre-projects. Click here for the Earth Negotiations Bulletin report.

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MEETING PREPARES FOR THE NEGOTIATION OF A SUCCESSOR AGREEMENT TO THE ITTA, 1994
20-21 May 2003 | Panama City, Panama
Delegates at the first session of the Preparatory Committee for the Negotiation of a Successor Agreement to the International Tropical Timber Agreement, 1994 (ITTA, 1994) engaged in preliminary discussions on the scope of and issues pertaining to a new agreement. There was general consensus that: the Successor Agreement should remain a commodity agreement; ITTA, 1994 should be the basis for the negotiations; and relevant new and emerging issues need to be included in the new agreement. The nature of the issues, however, and the extent to which they should be addressed, remained contentious. Click here for the Earth Negotiations Bulletin report.
 

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MEETING ADDRESSES BIODIVERSITY, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND THE MDGs
21-23 May 2003 | London, UK
Organized by the CBD Secretariat in partnership with the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Center and UNDP, the 2010 Global Biodiversity Challenge meeting was the second in a series dealing with the linkages between biodiversity, sustainable development and the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The meeting’s primary objective was to articulate a framework of action for achieving the 2010 biodiversity target – a target that was endorsed by the Hague Ministerial Declaration and by the World Summit on Sustainable Development’s Plan of Implementation. Click here for the Sustainable Developments report.
 

RECENT MEETINGS

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G-8 SUMMIT CONSIDERS HOW TO PROMOTE GLOBAL ECONOMIC GROWTH, ENHANCE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, AND IMPROVE SECURITY
1-3 June 2003 | Evian, France
The heads of state of the G-8 countries met with leaders from emerging and developing countries – Algeria, Brazil, China, Egypt, India, Malaysia, Mexico, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, Senegal and South Africa – as well as representatives of the UN, World Bank, IMF and WTO and the President of the Swiss Confederation at this year’s G-8 Summit. The three issue areas on their agenda were promoting global economic growth, enhancing sustainable development and improving security. The leaders discussed implementation of the MDGs and Johannesburg agreements related to a number of issues, including through the adoption of an Action Plan on Science and Technology for Sustainable Development. The leaders agreed to widen their dialogue on the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) and the G-8 Africa Action Plan. They also agreed on ways to improve famine prevention mechanisms and long-term food security, and adopted an Action Plan to help meet the Millennium and Johannesburg goals of halving the number of people without access to clean water and sanitation by 2015. More information.

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EFE MEETING ADOPTS THREE PROTOCOLS, ONE FRAMEWORK CONVENTION AND SEVERAL DECISIONS PROMOTING ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
21-23 May 2003 | Kyiv, Ukraine
Participants at the “Environment for Europe (EfE)” Fifth Pan-European Ministerial Conference adopted a Ministerial Declaration that underlined the importance of the EfE process as a tool to promote environmental protection and sustainable development in the region and thus contribute to wider peace and security. Ministers from Central and Eastern Europe adopted and signed the Framework Convention on the Protection and Sustainable Development of the Carpathians.
Three Protocols to Conventions of the UNECE region, and several decisions were also adopted during the meeting. Another highlight was a decision to formally adopt the goal of halting the degradation of the region’s biological and landscape diversity by the year 2010, together with nine specific measurable targets for ensuring that this overall goal is achieved. The Ministers and Heads of delegation also endorsed the Guidelines for Strengthening Compliance with and Implementation of MEAs in the UNECE region. More information.

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AFRICAN EXPERTS DISCUSS MEANS OF ENHANCING RIO PRINCIPLE 10
4-5 June 2003 | Nairobi, Kenya
This workshop met to discuss ways to enhance the implementation of Principle 10 of the Rio Declaration relating to Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision- making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters. Responding in part to a decision taken at the 22nd session of UNEP’s Governing Council/Global Ministerial Environment Forum in February 2003, the workshop was organized by UNEP to strengthen the Rule of Law and governance through the development and effective implementation of environmental law in Africa. It provided a forum for African experts to examine issues relating to the scope and content of the three pillars of Rio Principle 10, and the full range of implications of their effective enforcement at the national level. More information.

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TRIPS COUNCIL DEBATES BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS
4-6 June 2003 | Geneva, Switzerland
Discussions were held on the review of article 27.3(b) of the TRIPS Agreement, on intellectual property and traditional knowledge, and on the relation between TRIPS and the CBD. The meeting addressed a new paper by the Africa Group reiterating their demand that patents on all life forms and living processes be prohibited, that countries be able to use a sui generis system of their choice, and that traditional knowledge be better protected. The meeting also considered a paper by a group of developing countries elaborating on their earlier proposal that TRIPS require patent applications involving genetic materials or traditional knowledge to disclose the country of origin accompanied by evidence of prior informed consent and benefit sharing arrangements. More information.

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ATHENS WATER CONFERENCE CONSIDERS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR PEACE
6-7 May 2003 | Athens, Greece
Delegates to this meeting conducted a thematic review of opportunities and constraints related to cross-border management of river basins, lake basins, and shared aquifers. The Athens Declaration endorsed a new form of Diplomacy for Environment and Sustainable Development to enhance cooperation on water at all levels of foreign and domestic policy, among governments, international agencies, private industries, and the full array of NGOs. More information.

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DEFYING OCEAN’S END CONFERENCE AIMS TO REVERSE DECLINE IN WORLD’S OCEANS
30 May - 3 June 2003 | Los Cabos, Mexico
This event brought together scientists, economists, conservationists, and senior government representatives from more than 20 countries to develop a comprehensive and achievable agenda to reverse the decline in health of the world’s ocean. The meeting resulted in several recommendations, including the need to: promote a World Ocean Public Trust; expand the global system of marine parks; and to create an ocean ethic. More information.

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UN-HABITAT GOVERNING COUNCIL COMMITS TO STRENGTHENING AGENCY
5-9 May 2003 | Nairobi, Kenya
Government delegates approved a US$44 million budget for the UN Habitat and Human Settlements Foundation for the 2004-2005 biennium, and adopted a “record number” of resolutions committed to improving the capacity of the agency to addressing the challenges of urbanization. Recommendations were aimed at, inter alia, enhancing the ability of UN-Habitat to assist governments in implementing the Habitat Agenda and to meeting the Millennium Development goals. Special emphasis was also given to the least developed countries and countries with economies in transition. A resolution mainstreaming gender perspectives with the agency’s activities was also passed. More information.
 

 MEDIA REPORTS


CARTAGENA PROTOCOL ON BIOSAFETY RECEIVES 50TH SIGNATURE, WILL ENTER INTO FORCE ON 11 SEPTEMBER 2003
As a consequence of Palau’s ratification on 13 June, the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety will enter into force on 11 September 2003. More.

EU LAUNCHES ACTION PLAN TO COMBAT ILLEGAL TIMBER TRADE
The European Union has recently launched its Action Plan for Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade, designed to curb the growing trade in illicit logging and illegally harvested timber in wood-producing countries using preventative measures. More information.

ENVIRONMENT MINISTERS ENDORSE DESERTIFICATION AGREEMENT
Ministers from 30 Asian and Pacific countries recently signed the Abu Dhabi Declaration for the Implementation of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification, calling for global efforts to address the problem of desertification. More information.

LEADING INTERNATIONAL BANKS ADOPT EQUATOR PRINCIPLES ON ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL STANDARDS FOR DEVELOPMENT FINANCING
Ten banks from seven countries have recently announced their adoption of the Equator Principles, a set of voluntary guidelines for managing the social and environmental issues related to development financing. More information.

€30 MILLION STRATEGY LAUNCHED TO PROTECT WEST AFRICA’S COASTS AND SEAS
Approved recently by environment and fisheries ministers from six West African countries, the Regional Strategy for Marine Protected Areas in West Africa contains a suite of actions costing €30 million over a five year period that will enhance the management of marine and coastal resources and optimize their contribution to social and environmental security, sustained livelihoods and biodiversity conservation. More information.

PERU RATIFIES INTERNATIONAL TREATY ON PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES
Peru, the cradle of plant species fundamental to world food consumption, such as the tomato and potato, ratified the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture on 5 June 2003. More information.

BIODIVERSITY ESSENTIAL FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND POVERTY ALLEVIATION
On the occasion of the International Day for Biological Diversity on 22 May, Kofi Annan recalled that “biological diversity is essential for human existence and has a crucial role to play in sustainable development and the eradication of poverty.” More information.

EU SETS DEADLINE FOR COMMENTING ON REACH CHEMICALS PROPOSALS
Stakeholders have until 10 July 2003 to comment on the draft overhaul of EU chemicals legislation contained in the Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restrictions of Chemicals (REACH). More information.

DENMARK IMPOSES RESTRICTIONS ON EUROPE’S MOST WIDELY USED HERBICIDE
Danish Environment Minister Hans Christian Schmidt has announced far-reaching restrictions on glyphosate, Europe’s most widely used herbicide, sparking a row with manufacturers. More information.
 

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UNEP LAUNCHES INITIATIVE TO COMBAT TRAFFICKING IN CHEMICALS, HAZARDOUS WASTES AND ENDANGERED SPECIES
UNEP has launched an initiative aimed at improving coordinated intelligence gathering, information exchange and cooperation among the various agencies that are involved in combating the multi-billion dollar illegal trade in ozone-depleting substances, toxic chemicals, hazardous wastes and endangered species. More information.

WATER ISSUES FEATURE ON G-8 SUMMIT AGENDA
The G-8 industrialized nations agreed at the recent Evian Summit to develop and implement new measures to address a number of humanitarian concerns, such as food security, public health and environmental issues. The G-8 agreed to take action to improve access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation and pledged new measures to address maritime environmental concerns. More information.

WATER TAKES CENTER STAGE ON WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY
In recognition of the International Year of Freshwater, the theme of this year’s World Environment Day – “Water: Two Billion People are Dying for It” - focused on global water issues. More information.

WSSCC WINS INTERNATIONAL LEADERSHIP AWARDS
The Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) has recently received two awards in relation to its activities, programmes and campaigns. The first is the United Nations Association of Greater Boston Leadership Award for the Council’s global advocacy and people-centered focus in promoting water, sanitation and hygiene to underserved populations in the developing world. The WSSCC has also won the Sulabh International Social Service Organization’s 2003 Global Sanitation Award in recognition of its critical role in the prevention of hygiene, environmental sanitation and social justice. More information.

INTERNATIONAL WATER AWARD SEEKING NOMINATIONS
Nominations for the Prince Sultan Bin Abdul Aziz International Prize for Water are now being accepted. More information.

FORMER IMF CHIEF CALLS FOR CLEAN WATER
Speaking to the Committee on World Food Security, former International Monetary Fund (IMF) managing director Michel Camdessus stressed the importance of clean water and said that an increase of $100 billion a year was needed to bring safe water to the 1.1 billion people who now do without. More information.

CALL FOR WORLD WATER FORUM HOST
The World Water Council, organizer of the recent 3rd World Water Forum in Japan, is seeking candidatures to host the next Forum scheduled for 2006. More information.

NEW CORAL REEF FUND LAUNCHED
The United Nations Foundation and the International Coral Reef Action Network (ICRAN) have launched the Coral Reef Fund, aimed at helping protect and manage more than 110,000 square miles of damaged or threatened coral reef worldwide. More information.

UNRISD LAUNCHES PROJECT ON UN WORLD SUMMITS AND CIVIL SOCIETY ENGAGEMENT
The Untied Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD) has launched a two-year research project on civil society engagement at UN World Summits. More information.


 

NEW PUBLICATIONS

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Sustainable Development
UNFOLDING STAKEHOLDER THINKING 2: RELATIONSHIPS, COMMUNICATION, REPORTING AND PERFORMANCE
(May 2003, Greenleaf) This 13-chapter book offers essays that focus on the practice of stakeholder engagement in terms of relationship management, communication, reporting and performance. The first part of the book examines a range of corporate-NGO collaborations to determine what makes them effective and what makes them fail. It identifies the need for companies, considered as the focal entity, to actively communicate with stakeholders, manage their relationships and listen to the messages that stakeholders are sending them. The second part of the book examines schemes for the assessment, measurement and reporting of business in society and relationships involving stakeholders, including social auditing and sustainability reporting.

ALIGNING COMMITMENTS: PUBLIC PARTICIPATION, INTERNATIONAL DECISION-MAKING, AND THE ENVIRONMENT
(World Resources Institute, 2003) This 24-page report surveys public participation policies “across a range of international institutions and environmental agreements to better understand whether opportunities exist for meaningful participation in international decisions that affect the environment.” The authors conclude that policies on public participation are becoming the norm, but public participation at the national level is uniformly weak and domestic stakeholders have limited ability to influence international decisions that affect their environment.

BALTIC 21 REPORT 2000-2002: TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE BALTIC SEA REGION
(Baltic 21, June 2003) This report is a comprehensive guide regarding sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region and addresses the three dimensions of sustainable development - environmental, economic and social. It describes the Region’s progress towards the Baltic 21 sustainable development goals, which were adopted by Baltic 21’s 11 governments and other members. The report’s conclusions include support for the multi-stakeholder character of Baltic 21 and recommendations for further involvement of civil society. The report also emphasizes the instrumental role of commitment, allocation of resources and support of sectoral ministries in pursuit of sustainable development within each sector. The enlargement of the EU is noted to be one of the major future challenges to regional cooperation.

UNEP INDUSTRY AND ENVIRONMENT – SHOPPING FOR A BETTER WORLD: SUSTAINABILITY AND RETAILING
(UNEP-DTIE, January-March 2003) A recent issue of UNEP-DTIE’s quarterly review Industry and Environment focuses on sustainability in the retail world, and how consumers can be encouraged to consume more sustainably. It opens with facts and figures of the retail world, and contains papers addressing a range of issues, such as how Europe’s retail sector helps promote sustainable production and consumption, and the social dimension of sustainable development and the retail sector. It also presents case studies on Finland’s Kesko, Marks and Spencer, Switzerland’s Coop, UK’s Safeway, the METRO Group, the Musgrave Group, Pick ’n Pay, and the Ito Yokado concept of sustainability.

PROMOTING THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC: MEETING THE CHALLENGES OF POVERTY REDUCTION
(UNESCAP and UNDP, 2003) The first-ever regional report on the MDGs finds that despite having achieved “one of the largest decreases in mass poverty in human history,” the Asia-Pacific region is still faced with the need to enhance basic education, gender equality, child health, maternal mortality and environmental sustainability. Identified in the report as key obstacles to poverty reduction and attainment of the other MDGs in the region, are slow economic growth, declining official development assistance, uneven distribution of income, and unfavorable social conditions. The report further indicates that declines in aid flows to the least developed countries are “unacceptable” and urges reform of the international trade system to assist the poorest countries. It further recommends combining market-based incentives with pro-poor measures that enhance the capacity of the poor to take advantage of new opportunities, while also ensuring adequate social protection for the most vulnerable groups.

THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
(UNDP Development Policy Journal, April 2003) UNDP has published a series of articles on the MDGs. Organized under three sections - goals and targets; sustainable development and the MDGs; and global partnerships – the articles address a range of issues, such as whether the MDGs are feasible, capacity building for monitoring the MDGs, financing, and mainstreaming development in trade and finance. It also considers gender and HIV dimensions of poverty, and the environmental and poverty nexus.

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Forests
AUSTRALIAN-PROFOR SUMMARY OF THE IPF/IFF PROPOSALS FOR ACTION
The Australian-PROFOR Summary of the IPF/IFF Proposals for Action presents the proposals for action in a consolidated format organized according to the programme elements of the UNFF’s Plan of Action. The summary also includes reference to the CBD's expanded forest biodiversity work programme. This summary is a tool that can facilitate national-level assessment of progress and priorities for action toward sustainable forest management. It was produced jointly by the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry of Australia and the Program on Forests (PROFOR) at the World Bank.

Biodiversity and wildlife
EXPLANATORY GUIDE TO THE CARTAGENA PROTOCOL ON BIOSAFETY
(IUCN Environmental Law Centre and FIELD, with WRI, May 2003) As the Cartagena Protocol enters into force, the Explanatory Guide to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety aims to be useful as a reference work for those involved in its implementation. Aimed at facilitating the development of national biosafety frameworks, the publication addresses the complex Protocol provisions, elaborates on the role of the precautionary principle and on the Protocol’s relationship with other agreements, and highlights capacity-building needs in the field.

WILDLIFE TRADE CONTROLS IN THE EU
The first international website providing information on wildlife trade controls in the EU is set to raise the awareness of those involved in wildlife trade, by informing them about their legal responsibilities under the EU Wildlife Trade Regulations. The multi-lingual website is an initiative of and financed by the European Commission, and developed and managed by TRAFFIC Europe with support from the CITES Management Authorities of all EU Member States.

Environment
NEGOTIATING ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE: NEW PERSPECTIVES FROM SOCIAL SCIENCE
(UK Global Environmental Change Programme, 2003) This book is the final output of the UK's Global Environmental Change Programme. It presents a critical review of debates in environmental social science over the past decade in three broad areas: problems of scientific uncertainty and its role in shaping environmental decisions and policy; the development of institutional frameworks for governing environmental services and resources; and the link between production and consumption, and the environment.

ADDRESSING ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS IN CENTRAL ASIA: RISKS, POLICIES, CAPACITIES
(Adelphi Research, 2003) Prepared by Alexander Carius, Moira Feil and Dennis T�nzler on behalf of UNDP, this study explores the potential threats to human development and security emanating from environmental risks in five Central Asian states. It describes the socio-economic context, and institutional and policy framework available to address such risks in the five countries. The report is available in English and Russian.

TOWARDS A GIS-BASED ANALYSIS OF MOUNTAIN ENVIRONMENTS AND POPULATIONS
(FAO, May 2003) This UN survey was carried out with the aim of helping policymakers develop strategies to help vulnerable communities address agricultural and environmental challenges. The survey was prepared using the latest geographic information system (GIS) technology and newly available GIS maps and databases. It employed the newest global mapping technology to study the effects of climate change, overgrazing and deforestation on the people and economies of mountain ecosystems, producing a detailed snapshot of environmental conditions and providing new insight into how rural mountain families secure their livelihoods.

THE LITTLE GREEN DATA BOOK 2003
(World Bank, 2003) The fourth edition of the World Bank's Little Green Data Book provides a quick reference to key environmental data for over 200 countries. It contains country, regional and income group profiles, which provide a baseline for comparison on the state of the environment and its linkages with the economy and people.

Social development
TIME FOR EQUALITY AT WORK
(ILO, May 2003) ILO has launched its first global report on discrimination at work. The report states that workplace discrimination remains a persistent global problem, with new and more subtle forms of discrimination emerging. It finds that women are by far the largest discriminated group, noting the significant gap in income between the sexes in most countries, and further highlights new and emerging forms of discrimination based on disability, HIV/AIDS, age and sexual orientation. The report states that people who suffer from discrimination experience a persistent �equality gap,� and warns that failure to address these socio-economic inequalities not only points to a waste of human talent and resources, but could also have potentially �disastrous effects on national social cohesion, political stability, and hence growth."

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Water, wetlands, oceans, coasts
AMERICA�S LIVING OCEANS: CHARTING A COURSE FOR SEA CHANGE
(Pew Oceans Commission, 2003) Prepared by the Pew Oceans Commission, this 144 page report finds that overfishing at sea, over-development of coastal areas, and pollution from land-based activities are causing a decline in marine wildlife and adversely affecting marine ecosystems. This detailed report, which is the outcome of a three-year, nationwide study of the oceans, recommends a new US oceans governance and management system, urging a conservation ethic that: regards the oceans as a public trust; recognizes human's dependence on healthy marine ecosystems; and applies a precautionary approach to managing the oceans� resources.

GROUNDWATER AND ITS SUSCEPTIBILITY TO DEGRADATION: A GLOBAL ASSESSMENT OF THE PROBLEM AND OPTIONS FOR MANAGEMENT
(UNEP, 2003). This UNEP report provides an overview of the susceptibility of groundwater to degradation caused by human activities. Including both quantity and quality impacts, it examines the different issues affecting groundwater resources in rural and urban/industrial settings, where groundwater has become an integral part of billions of people's lives. Numerous examples illustrate the consequent resource management issues and underline the need for active management.

STATE OF THE WORLD FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE 2002 REPORT
(FAO, 2002) The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture (SOFIA) is the Fisheries Department's premier advocacy document. It is published every two years with the purpose of providing policy-makers, civil society and those who derive their livelihood from the sector a comprehensive, objective and global view of capture fisheries and aquaculture, including associated policy issues.

CONSTRUCTED WETLANDS REPORT
(Wetlands International, 2003) Wetlands International has recently published a booklet on the Use of Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment. This booklet provides a valuable introduction to constructed wetlands and aims to raise awareness of their value among environmental professionals.

DOLPHINS, WHALES AND PORPOISES: 2002-2010 CONSERVATION ACTION PLAN FOR THE WORLD�S CETACEANS
(IUCN, May 2003). This new publication highlights the plight of the world's cetaceans, providing the latest information on their status worldwide and recommending actions that could help save the most threatened species.

Trade, business and investment ENVIRONMENTAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP
(Greener Management International, Issue 38) The special theme issue examines questions related to the role that entrepreneurial individuals have to play in the adoption of more sustainable business practices. The nine papers consider the essence of Ecopreneurship, develop a typology of green entrepreneurs, examine barriers for start-up entrepreneurs and present case studies from various perspectives.

EAST ASIA INTEGRATES: A TRADE POLICY AGENDA FOR SHARED GROWTH
(World Bank, 2003) This report emphasizes the advantages of a regional trade strategy between and within East Asian countries. The report urges policymakers to broaden their approach beyond the technical perspective of trade policy to emphasize development outcomes and links to social stability, in their national development strategies, regional and bilateral agreements, and global negotiating positions.

THE EU BETWEEN JO BURG FOLLOW-UP AND CANCUN POLITICS: HOW TO SET THE RIGHT FRAMEWORK FOR INVESTMENT RULES
(Heinrich B�ll Foundation, 2003) This is a summary report of a public hearing held on 6 March 2003 in Brussels, Belgium that brought together European policymakers and civil society. The hearing served as an exchange of views on trade policy and sustainable development in the aftermath of the WSSD, and in anticipation of the WTO's Fifth Ministerial Conference to be held in Cancun, Mexico in September 2003.

Climate change
CLIMATE ADAPTATION: RISK, UNCERTAINTY AND DECISION-MAKING
This report was prepared by the UK Climate Impacts Programme and the UK Environment Agency's Centre for Risk and Forecasting. It provides guidance for decision makers addressing climate risk and uncertainty.

A STRATEGIC ASSESSMENT OF THE KYOTO-MARRAKECH SYSTEM
(RIIA Briefing Paper No.6, 2003) This briefing paper summarizes key findings on the strategic dimensions of the Kyoto Protocol and the Marrakech Accords. The paper focuses on four key elements: the �real world� economics of the Kyoto Protocol; business participation and influences; prospects for US engagement; and the framing of future commitments.

MAINSTREAMING ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
(IIED, 2003) This report focuses on the experiences of implementing adaptation policies in two LDC countries: Bangladesh and Mali. The report suggests that despite there being a great deal already achieved in describing and analyzing vulnerability to climate change and identifying potential adaptation options, significantly more needs to be done to mainstream adaptation within the national policymaking process.
 

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