LINKAGES UPDATE - a fortnightly e-update of new additions to IISD’s Linkages website  - 20 May 2003

RECENT COVERAGE BY IISD REPORTING SERVICES

LINKAGES UPDATE


Linkages Update is our means of keeping you informed of what’s new on IISD Reporting Services’ Linkages
website. This page is updated on a fortnightly basis, while the website continually posts new information provided by our seven Issue Cluster Experts. If you wish to submit relevant materials or subscribe to Linkages Update, e-mail prisna@iisd.org.

 

ENB on Google News
You can now search for ENB’s coverage of international meetings on http://news.google.com/.

 

Using images on Linkages
Images from IISD Reporting Services’ digital coverage of meetings are freely available, with proper citation. If you are looking for an image of a particular person or event, use our search site.
 

COMINGS AND GOINGS

 

Appointments and Departures



 WMO appoints new chief
Michel Jarraud was appointed to a four-year term as Secretary-General of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) at the recent 14th World Meteorological Congress held in Geneva. He will assume his new position on 1 January 2004, succeeding current WMO chief Godwin Obasi of Nigeria. More information.

 

Vacancies

CITES seeks environmental affairs officer, Geneva, 8 July
CITES seeks head of scientific support unit, Geneva, 5 June
Global carbon project seeks executive officer, Tsukuba, 9 June
FAO seeks water resources chief, Rome, 19 May
IRC seeks controller, Delft
UNU seeks Director, New York, 31 May
Center for clean air policy seeks policy associate, Washington, DC
 

 Click here for more information on new appointments and vacancies

 

UPCOMING MEETINGS


Click here to download complete list of upcoming meetings in pdf format.
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Meetings recently added to
Linkages website:

 International forum on ecosystem approaches to human health: 18-23 May 2003. Montreal, Canada.
 Investment, sustainable development and the WTO: Allies or antagonists?: 22 May 2003. Washington, DC, US.
 Meeting on the introduction of biosafety and risk assessment for the environmental release of GMOs: 26-30 May 2003. Trieste, Italy.
 14th Global warming international conference & expo: 27-30 May 2003. Naperville, IL, US.
 Meeting on GMOs – co-existence or contamination? The challenge to ensure co-existence of organic and conventional farming with genetically modified crops: 28 May 2003. Brussels, Belgium.
 In the wake of double helix conference: From the green revolution to the gene revolution: 28-31 May 2003. Bologna, Italy.
 Workshop on incentive measures for the conservation and sustainable use of the components of biological diversity: 3-5 June 2003. Montreal, Canada.
 Meeting on forests in sustainable mountain development - risks and watershed management: 9-13 June 2003. Galtör, Austria.
 Conference on marine resource damage assessment, liability and compensation: 12-13 June 2003. Ghent, Belgium.
 International expert meeting on consumption and production patterns: 16-19 June 2003. Marrakech, Morocco.
 High seas biodiversity workshop: 16-20 June 2003. Cairns, Australia.
 World congress on risk: 22-25 June 2003. Brussels, Belgium.
 Meeting Kyoto targets in the EU – Challenges for the power sector: 25-26 June 2003. Brussels, Belgium.
 Mcplanet.com - Environment in the trap of globalization: 27-29 June 2003. Berlin, Germany.
 International conference on public goods and public policy for agricultural biotechnology: 29 June - 3 July 2003. Ravello, Italy.
 International conference on information technologies and building prospects for the development of civil society institutions in the CIS countries: 30 June - 2 July 2003. St. Petersburg, Russia.
 2003 Bell conference – Ecosystems and enterprise: perspectives on education for sustainable business: 17-19 July 2003. Fort Lauderdale, Florida, US.
 Pacific SIDS regional preparatory meeting: 4-8 Aug 2003. Apia, Samoa.
 13th Meeting of the CITES plants committee: 12-15 Aug 2003. Geneva, Switzerland.
 Caribbean SIDS regional preparatory meeting: 18-22 Aug 2003. Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago.
 International ministerial conference on landlocked countries: 28-29 Aug 2003. Almaty, Kazakhstan.
 AIMS SIDS regional preparatory meeting: 1-5 Sept 2003. Praia, Cape Verde.
 Sustainable resources 2003: an international forum connecting people with practical, sustainable solutions to world poverty: 1-4 Oct 2003. Boulder, Colorado, US.
 International conference on sustainability indicators and intelligent decisions (SIID-2003): 9-11 Oct 2003. Vilnius, Lithuania.
 Event on certification and world forestry: 25 Sept 2003. Quebec City, Canada.
 Consumers international world congress: 13-17 Oct 2003. Lisbon, Portugal.
 Inter-regional preparatory meeting for the review of implementation of the Barbados Programme of Action: 26-30 Jan 2004. Nassau, Bahamas.

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COMMISSION ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT MEETS FOR FIRST SUBSTANTIVE SESSION AFTER WSSD, ADOPTS MULTI-YEAR PROGRAMME OF WORK

28 April – 9 May 2003 | UNHQ, New York
Meeting for its first substantive session since the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD), the UN Commission on Sustainable Development, took decisions on its organization of work and multi-year programme of work. The CSD adopted as its new work programme, a series of two-year action-oriented Implementation Cycles, with a Review Session and a Policy Session in each cycle. Each two-year cycle is expected to consider a thematic cluster of issues and a suite of cross-cutting issues, with the upcoming 2004/2005 cycle focusing on water, sanitation and human settlements. The CSD also decided on the modalities for reporting, partnerships and enhancing UN system coordination and Major Groups contributions. Delegates further adopted a decision on the preparations for the 10-year review of the Barbados Programme of Action on the sustainable development of small island developing States. Click here for Earth Negotiations Bulletin’s coverage of this meeting.

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MINISTERIAL CONFERENCE ADDRESSES PROTECTION OF FORESTS IN EUROPE

28-30 April 2003 | Vienna, Austria
The fourth Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe convened recently, adopting the Vienna Living Forest Summit Declaration, “European Forests - Common Benefits, Shared Responsibilities,” and five Resolutions on: strengthening synergies for sustainable forest management (SFM) in Europe through cross-sectoral cooperation and national forest programmes; enhancing the economic viability of SFM in Europe; preserving and enhancing the social and cultural dimensions of SFM in Europe; conserving and enhancing forest biological diversity in Europe; and climate change and SFM in Europe. Other highlights included: the opening of an international exhibition “Forest.Art”; a multi-stakeholder dialogue; and a signing ceremony for the Vienna Declaration. Click here for Sustainable Development's report of this meeting.
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RECENT MEETINGS

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LEGAL EXPERTS DISCUSS THE ROLE OF THE JUDICIARY IN THE IMPLEMENTATION AND ENFORCEMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL LAW

9-10 May 2003 | Rome, Italy
Judges and legal experts from around the globe met to advance the implementation of the WSSD’s Johannesburg Plan of Implementation as it relates to the role of the judiciary in achieving sustainable development. The meeting also centered on the UNEP Global Judicial Symposium and on furthering progress on the recommendations made at the IUCN/UNEP European Judges Symposium held in London, UK in October 2002. More information.


FIRST SESSION OF THE OPEN-ENDED WORKING GROUP (OEWG-1) OF THE BASEL CONVENTION
28 April – 2 May 2003 | Geneva, Switzerland
Established at the sixth Conference of the Parties of the Basel Convention, the Open-Ended Working Group of the Basel Convention met recently for its first session to assist the COP in developing and reviewing the implementation of the Convention’s work plan. The OEWG considered a range of issues relating, inter alia, to: the Strategic Plan for the implementation of the Basel Convention; the compliance mechanism; the preparation of technical guidelines on the environmentally-sound management of POPs as waste; the sustainable partnership on the environmentally-sound management of end-of-life mobile telephones; and follow-up to the WSSD. At the meeting, more than 100 Parties agreed to fund a first batch of 15 projects designed as the first step in the implementation of the new 10-year Strategic Plan . More information.


ECOSOC CONVENES HIGH-LEVEL MEETING WITH BRETTON WOODS INSTITUTIONS AND WTO
14 April 2003 | New York
Convened as a follow-up to the Monterrey Consensus of the International Conference on Financing for Development, the high-level meeting of the Economic and Social Council with the Bretton Woods institutions and World Trade Organization (WTO) met on 14 April 2003 in New York. In addition to representatives from ECOSOC, the Bretton Woods institutions and the WTO, ministers of finance and development cooperation, governors of central banks and heads of international organizations participated in the meeting, which considered “Increased coherence, coordination and cooperation for the implementation of the Monterrey Consensus at all levels one year after the Conference.” More information.


WTO EXAMINES MEAs and TRADE RULES
1-2 May 2003 | Geneva, Switzerland
The WTO Special Session of the Committee on Trade and Environment (CTE) resumed its efforts recently to clarify the relationship between the WTO rules and specific trade obligations in several multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs). At this meeting, WTO Members were particularly concerned with identifying what constitutes a “specific trade obligation” (STO), yet reached no definitive conclusions on how to do so. The CTE also discussed how decisions taken at MEA Conference of the Parties (COPs) should be considered within its deliberations of the WTO-MEA relationship, but, again, no decisions were taken on this issue. More information.

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WORLD BANK AND IMF RENEW COMMITMENT TO MDGs AT ANNUAL SPRING MEETING

12-13 April 2003 | Washington, DC
The World Bank’s Development Committee and the International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) International Monetary and Financial Committee held its annual spring meeting recently to discuss issues related to poverty reduction, international economic development and finance. In a final meeting communiqué, the World Bank and the IMF renewed their commitment to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and global efforts to reduce poverty. More information.


CMS CONCLUDES MOU AND ACTION PLAN FOR AQUATIC WARBLER
29-30 April 2003 | Minsk, Belarus
An international meeting, held recently in Minsk from 29-30 April 2003, finalized and adopted a Memorandum of Understanding and Action Plan concerning Conservation Measures for the Aquatic Warbler under the auspices of the Convention on Migratory Species. The MoU expresses countries’ intentions to identify, protect and manage sites where the Aquatic Warblers breed, rest on migration, or spend the winter. Conservationists see the MoU as a significant milestone in the protection of this globally threatened bird and its habitat. More information.
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CONFERENCE CONSIDERS POLICY AND PRACTICE OF FOREST CERTIFICATION
25-29 March 2003 | Vancouver, Canada
This meeting centered on seven panels, which discussed an update on the strategic directions of the four leading North American forest certification programmes; forest certification implementation strategies; lessons learned from the implementation of SFM and certification; key issues concerning forest certification in British Columbia; three perspectives on the driving forces of forest certification; the customer’s perspective on certification; and concluding perspectives on the conference. More information.
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MEDIA REPORTS

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US AND CANADA INITIATE WTO PROCEEDINGS AGAINST THE EU ON GMOS
On 13 May, both Canada and the US filed separate official requests for consultations with the EU over its de facto moratorium on the approval of genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Argentina and Egypt have expressed their intention to follow. The countries allege that the moratorium poses an unjustified trade barrier in violation of WTO Agreements. More.
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WTO AND UNCTAD ENHANCE COOPERATION IN TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
WTO and the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) have recently signed a MoU, establishing a legal framework for technical assistance cooperation between the two organizations. The specific purpose of the partnership is to help enhance the implementation of the Doha Development Agenda, improve development, and integrate LDCs into the global economy. More.
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EU INTRODUCES STRICTER CHEMICAL REGIME
The European Commission has introduced what many observers describe as “radical” new proposals to managing chemicals. These proposals are aimed at minimising human health and environmental impacts of the more than 30,000 chemicals that are produced, imported or used in Europe. More. 
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US STUDY CALLS FOR TIGHTER LIMITS ON LEAD
A recent study contends that even low levels of lead exposure may have an impact on the intelligence of children, and suggests that current guidelines on exposure levels are probably not sufficiently tough. More.
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LEBANON TO HOST WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has announced that Lebanon will host this year’s World Environment Day, the first Arab nation to do so in the event’s 30-year history. More.
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GEF COUNCIL ADOPTS OPERATIONAL MODALITIES ON SUSTAINABLE LAND MANAGEMENT
At its May 2003 meeting, the Global Environment Facility (GEF) Council adopted operational modalities on sustainable land management, designating land degradation, primarily desertification and deforestation, as the Fund's fifth focal area. More.
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NEW INITIATIVE PROMOTES VOLUNTEERISM FOR SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT
On 8 May, the United Nations Volunteers (UNV) and the Secretariat of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification launched a joint initiative to tackle both youth unemployment and land degradation in Cape Verde. More.
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NEW WEST AFRICAN REGIONAL STRATEGY DEALS WITH CLIMATE CHANGE AND DESERTIFICATION
General preparedness of the countries of West Africa to climate variability and change is low, even when they already feel the impacts of desertification. It is also a region where many of the rivers are shared by different countries. In such a context, effective mitigation of the impacts of climate change can only be achieved if countries work together on the management of their shared water resources. More.
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UNESCO-IHE JOINS WORLD BANK'S GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT LEARNING NETWORK
The UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education in Delft, the Netherlands has become the newest member of the World Bank-supported Global Development Learning Network, focusing on water resources management programmes. More.
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GEF ANNOUNCES MORE FUNDING FOR WATER PROJECTS
The GEF has announced plans to contribute US$400 million to address critical global water problems over the next four years, bringing the international environmental financial organization’s total investment for water issues to more than $1.37 billion. More.

 

NEW PUBLICATIONS


WORLD DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS 2003
(World Bank, 2003) World Development Indicators 2003 is a detailed collection of data from international and national statistics agencies that tracks the progress of poor countries toward reaching the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The goals, agreed by the world leaders at the Millennium Summit in 2000, aim to reduce income poverty by 2015 and spur big improvements in education, gender equality, health care, and in overcoming hunger and environmental degradation. The 400-page print edition allows users to consult 600 indicators for 152 economies and 14 country groups in more than 87 tables. A current overview of the most recent data available, as well as important regional data and income group analysis are presented in six thematic chapters: World View, People, Environment, Economy, States and Markets, and Global Links. More..
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BACK TO BASICS: MARKET ACCESS ISSUES IN THE DOHA AGENDA
(UNCTAD, 2003) This study highlights the benefits of tariff elimination in the allocation of resources, and makes the case that the elimination of export subsidies, if not accompanied with tariff reduction, can have negative effects on some regions, notably Africa. The report concludes that while developing countries as a group potentially have much to gain from improved access, the extent and distribution of these gains depend a great deal on the extent to which developing countries participate in the liberalization process and on the agreed negotiation targets and modalities. Download report.
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SEARCHING FOR THE HOLY GRAIL? MAKING FDI WORK FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
(Global Development and Environment Institute, Tufts University, 2003) The report indicates that foreign direct investment (FDI) has the potential to promote, or undermine, prospects for sustainable development. Focusing on developing countries, they explore some of the factors that determine whether FDI helps or hinders sustainable development. Download report.
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THE DOHA WORK PROGRAMME: TIME LIMITS AND PROGRESS.
(Agency for International Trade Information and Cooperation, 2003) AITIC has created a new “tool,” prepared as part of the AITIC Non-Residents’ Programme. It is a “living” document intended to provide less-advantaged countries with a complete list of deadlines under the Doha Work Programme. Download document.
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SECONDHAND PESTICIDES: AIRBORNE PESTICIDE DRIFT IN CALIFORNIA
(Californians for Pesticide Reform, May 2003) A recent report suggests that hundreds of thousands of people who live near agricultural areas are at risk from the drift of pesticides used in agriculture. The study contends that four of the six pesticides reviewed were found far from agricultural areas and in concentrations higher than recommended standards. Access report.
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KEEPING THE PROMISE ON WATER
(GEF, 2003) This report outlines the GEF’s water goals and projects, with particular emphasis on the need for increased cooperation among countries to sustainably manage the planet’s water ecosystems. Other recommendations include the need for integrated management of land and water resources, as well as the protection of aquatic biodiversity for sustainable use. Download report.
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WATER FOR PEOPLE, WATER FOR LIFE
(UNESCO, 2003) The executive summary of the UN World Water Development Report (WWDR) is now available online in seven languages. With input from 23 UN agencies and convention Secretariats, the report is the most comprehensive and up-to-date report on the state of the world's freshwater resources. Download executive summary.
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UNEP ATLAS OF INTERNATIONAL FRESHWATER AGREEMENTS
(UNEP, 2003) Compiled by Aaron Wolf of Oregon State University, the atlas of international freshwater agreements contains: a historical overview of international river basin management; a detailed listing of more than 300 international freshwater agreements; and a collection of thematic maps related to the agreements, their content, and the river basins they represent. View atlas.
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WORLD PANEL ON FINANCING WATER INFRASTRUCTURE REPORT
(GWP, March 2003) The Global Water Partnership has recently published a final report on the World Panel on Financing Water Infrastructure. The Panel, a joint initiative of the GWP, the World Water Council and the 3rd World Water Forum, makes several conclusions on what needs to be done to find the financing necessary for water infrastructure, and offers specific proposals on how this can be achieved, and by whom. View report.
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UNEP DESK STUDY ON ENVIRONMENT IN IRAQ
(UNEP, April 2003) UNEP’s Post Conflict Assessment Unit prepared this report to contribute to international efforts to provide humanitarian assistance to Iraq. It is based on published and online information sources, with heavy reliance on media reports and military briefings for the most recent conflict. The report offers a preliminary assessment of the main environmental threats facing the country and recommends actions for immediate relief and long-term recovery. The report stresses the need for urgent measures to address humanitarian issues. Priorities should include restoring the water supply and sanitation systems, cleaning-up possible pollution ‘hot spots’ and cleaning-up waste sites to reduce the risk of disease epidemics from accumulated municipal and medical wastes. Recommendations include conducting environmental impact assessments, using environmentally friendly technologies for major reconstruction projects and maximizing the exchange of information between key stakeholders to avoid accidental further risks to human health and the environment. Download Desk Study.

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GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE AND LAND USE
(Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003) Edited by A.J. Dolman, A. Verhagen, and C.A. Rovers, this book illustrates a significant dimension of global change – the interaction of land use and the climate system. The book addresses modeling of land-use patterns, the effects on climate, the effect of land use on the global carbon cycle, hydrological aspects of land use, aspects of climate change on food availability in West Africa, and the spatial requirements of bioenergy plantations. More.

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KEEPING SCIENCE OPEN: THE EFFECTS OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY POLICY ON THE CONDUCT OF SCIENCE
(Royal Society UK, April 2003) This report considers whether progress in science has been affected by the interpretation and use of intellectual property policies, and makes recommendations for improvement. The authors stress that, although intellectual property rights are needed to stimulate innovation and investment, commercial forces lead in some areas to legislation and case law that unreasonably and unnecessarily restrict freedom to access and use of information. The report concludes that the restriction of the commons by patents, copyright and databases is not in the interest of society, and unduly hampers scientific endeavor. Access report.
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GM CROPS, MODERN AGRICULTURE AND THE ENVIRONMENT
(Royal Society, April 2003) This report summarizes the ideas expressed at a Royal Society Discussion Meeting held on 11 February 2003, which was organized as a contribution to the UK-wide debate on GM crops. Access report. View transcript of meeting.
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POST-MARKET OVERSIGHT OF BIOTECH FOODS – IS THE SYSTEM PREPARED?
(Pew Initiative on Food and Biotechnology, and Resources for the Future, April 2003) This report concludes that the current regulatory oversight system for agricultural biotechnology in the US is focused mainly on pre-market approval, and that there are potential vulnerabilities due to the relatively low priority and limited resources for post-market oversight. Access report.
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MARINE TURTLE CONSERVATION IN SOUTH AND SOUTHEAST ASIA: HOPELESS CAUSE OR CAUSE FOR HOPE?
(Marine Turtle Newsletter, April 2003) The Marine Turtle Newsletter includes articles on: the future of sea turtle research; restoring sea turtle populations; challenges for interdisciplinary sea turtle research; sea turtle conservation along the Atlantic coast of Africa; and marine turtles in Latin America and the Caribbean, and the South and Southeast Asia. Access newsletter.

 

NEW ONLINE RESOURCES

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GLOBALIZATION, FOOD SECURITY AND THE INTERNATIONAL GOVERNANCE OF MODERN BIOTECHNOLOGY
This website contains a range of materials, including the outcome of a DfID-supported multi-institutional research project, aimed at assessing the ability of international institutions to promote food security in the context of globalization. Online papers include: “Globalization and the international governance of modern biotechnology: promoting food security in developing countries” by Ruth Mackenzie and Peter Newell; “The international regulation of modern biotechnology” by Ruth Mackenzie; “Regulating Biotechnology in India” by Biswajit Dhar; “Evaluating environmental risks of Bt Maize in the US and EU: Lessons and challenges for Kenya” by Adrian Ely; “IPRs, biotechnology and food security” by Farhana Yamin; “Tracing policy connections: the politics of knowledge in the Green Revolution and biotechnology eras in India” by Shaila Seshia and Ian Scoones; and “Business and biotechnology: regulation and the politics of influence” by Peter Newell and Dominic Glover. Access website.
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IUCN RE-INTRODUCTION SPECIALIST GROUP RESOURCE CD
The IUCN Species Survival Commission (SSC) Re-introduction Specialist Group (RSG) has produced a resource CD, which is available online. It includes an introduction to the RSG, 22 issues of RSG’s newsletter, RSG Guidelines, SSC’s and other conservation policies and reports, Re-introduction Practitioners Directory, Specialist Group Bibliography, and RSG and SSC Strategic Plans. It was produced to fulfill the objectives of the RSG and SSC Strategic Plans, and provides access to RSG literature for the wider conservation community. Access CD resource.
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FAO AQUATIC BIODIVERSITY CD-ROM
A new CD-Rom on aquatic biodiversity in rice-based ecosystems, produced by the FAO Inland Water Resources and Aquaculture Service, is now available online. The CD-ROM contains the findings of a case study on the Tonle Sap ecosystem in Kampong Thom Province, Cambodia. More than 100 aquatic species (fishes, reptiles, amphibians, crustaceans, mollusks, insects and plants) were collected in rice fields and were shown to be used daily by rural households. Species descriptions and photos are linked to information on collection tools, uses in rural communities and traditional knowledge. Access CD-Rom.

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WBCSD LAUNCHES BUSINESS & SD NEWS
The World Business Council for Sustainable Development has recently launched Business & SD News, a weekly compilation of key business and sustainable development news. This newsletter features topics such as energy and climate, sustainable livelihoods, water, corporate social responsibility, and forest issues, as well as sustainable development news stories of WBCSD member companies. Register for Business & SD News.
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ISF PRODUCES EASY-TO-READ CHART OF FUTURE CSD IMPLEMENTATION CYCLES
The
Integrative Strategies Forum has adapted the CSD's multi-year implementation chart into an easy-to-read format. Download PDF chart.

 

Linkages is provided by the International Institute for Sustainable Development, publishers of the Earth Negotiations Bulletin.
It is designed to be an electronic clearing-house for information on past and upcoming international meetings
related to environment and development policy.