LINKAGES UPDATE - a fortnightly
e-update of what’s new on IISD’s Linkages website
26 April 2003
BY IISD REPORTING SERVICES
Linkages Update is our means of keeping you informed of what’s
new on IISD Reporting Services’
website. This page is updated on a fortnightly
basis, while the website continually posts new information
provided by our seven
Issue Cluster Experts.
If you wish to submit relevant materials or subscribe to
Linkages Update, e-mail
ENB on Google News
You can now search for ENB’s coverage of international
Images from IISD Reporting Services’ digital coverage of
meetings are freely available, with proper citation. If you are looking for an image of a particular
person or event, use our
here to download complete list of upcoming meetings in pdf format.
recently added to
on Linkages: How Do We Bridge the Gap?:
22-23 April 2003. Washington, DC, US.
Session of the Codex Committee on Food Labeling:
28 April - 2 May 2003. Ottawa, Canada.
E-Forum on Biotechnology in Food and Agriculture - Regulating GMOs in
Developing and Transition Countries: 28
April - 25 May 2003. *electronic.
On The Future Of Biotechnology:
29 April 2003. Imperial College, London, UK.
on GHG Registries - The Building Blocks of Climate Policy:
4-6 May 2003. San Francisco, CA, US.
on Sustainable Development for Lasting Peace: Shared Water, Shared Future,
Shared Knowledge: 6-7 May 2003. Athens,
FAO Committee Meeting on World Food Security:
12-16 May 2003. Rome, Italy.
Fourth Sustain World Sustainable Energy Conference and Exhibition:
13-14 May 2003. Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Int’l Forum on Trade Facilitation: 14-15 May
2003. Geneva, Switzerland.
Council Meeting: 14-16 May 2003.
Washington, DC, US.
Int’l Balkan Botanical Congress: 18-24
May 2003. Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Int’l Workshop on Watershed Management:
20-24 May 2003. Havana, Cuba.
Environmental Governance Conference:
26-27 May 2003. Volos, Greece.
Summit: 1-3 June 2003. Evian-les-Bains,
Bridge Coalition Mexico Action Summit:
2-3 June 2003. Mexico City, Mexico.
Conference on Leading Edge Water and Wastewater Treatment Technologies:
2-4 June 2003. Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Open-Ended Informal Consultative Process on Oceans and the Law of the Sea:
2-6 June 2003. New York, US.
Consultation on Early Warning Systems:
3-5 June 2003. Antigua, Guatemala.
2003: Fourth Int’l Conference on Ecosystems and Sustainable
4-6 June 2003. Siena, Italy.
Dams and Development Forum Meeting: 5-6
June 2003. UNEP Headquarters, Nairobi, Kenya.
16-18 June 2003. Geneva, Switzerland.
Int’l Water Congress: Watershed Management for Water Supply Systems:
29 June - 2 July 2003. New York, US.
Session of the Codex Alimentarius Commission:
30 June - 7 July 2003. Rome, Italy.
Conference on Poverty, Food and Health in Welfare: 1-4 July 2003. Lisbon,
Int’l Conference on River Research and Applications:
6-11 July 2003. New South Wales, Australia.
Children’s Conference on the Environment:
7-13 July 2003. New London, CT, US.
on Challenges and Risks of GMOs:
16-18 July 2003. Maastricht, Netherlands.
Colloquium Series on Land Use/Cover Change Science and Applications –
Studying Land Use Effects in Coastal Zones with Remote Sensing and GIS:
13-16 Aug 2003. Kemer/Antalya, Turkey.
Int’l Dry Toilet Conference: 20-23 Aug
2003. Tampere, Finland.
Int’l Conference on Rainwater Catchment Systems:
25-29 Aug 2003. Mexico City, Mexico.
Water Parliament: 1-7 Sept 2003. Stara
Conference on Education for a Sustainable Future:
10-11 Sept 2003. Prague, Czech Republic.
Change in the UK: Impact on Environment and Health:
16 Sept 2003. Leicester, UK.
Water and Population Conference: 22-24
Sept 2003. Biskra, Algeria.
WEDC Conference: Towards the MDGs - Actions for
Water and Environmental Sanitation: 22-26
Sept 2003. Abuja, Nigeria.
IBD Seminar: Financing Private and Public Infrastructure Projects:
25-26 Sept 2003. Washington, DC, US.
World Congress on Desalination and Water Reuse:
28 Sept - 3 Oct 2003. Paradise Island, Bahamas.
Freshwater Management Conference: 1-2 Oct
2003. Sarawak, Malaysia.
World LP Gas Forum: 15-17 Oct 2003.
Annual Asia Pacific Cities Summit: 20-22
Oct 2003. Brisbane, Australia.
Aid, Disaster Management and Relief Expo and Conference 2003:
22-24 Oct 2003. Johannesburg, South Africa.
2003: Int’l Conference and Exhibition:
3-6 Nov 2003. Dubrovnik, Croatia.
on Water for the Poorest: 4-5 Nov 2003.
Conference on Oceans, Coasts and Islands:
12-14 Nov 2003. Paris, France.
Conference on Estuaries and Coasts: 9-11
Nov 2003. Hangzhou, China.
Dryland Agriculture Systems Conference:
2-5 Dec 2003. Niamey, Niger.
Global Wash Forum: Implementing the Goals of the WSSD:
1-5 Dec 2003. Dakar, Senegal.
Developments in Water Industry Performance Benchmarking:
1 Sept 2003. Perth, Australia.
UNFCCC CONVENES WORKSHOP TO CONSIDER ENABLING ENVIRONMENTS
FOR TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER
9-10 April 2003 | Ghent, Belgium
Fifty-three representatives of
governments, intergovernmental organizations, non-governmental
organizations, business and industry groups, and academic
institutions met in a workshop organized by the UNFCCC Secretariat
in collaboration with Ghent University’s Center for Sustainable
Development. The workshop was convened in response to a request by
the UNFCCC’s Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice
(SBSTA) at its 17th session, held in October 2002. The SBSTA also
requested the Secretariat to prepare a technical paper on enabling
environments for the transfer of environmentally-sound technology (ESTs)
for consideration by the UNFCCC Expert Group on Technology Transfer
(EGTT) at its third meeting in late May 2003. In response to this
request, the Secretariat commissioned the Tata Energy and Resource
Institute (TERI) to develop a draft technical paper on the issue.
The workshop reviewed the TERI draft technical paper and addressed
technology transfer issues, such as barriers to technology transfer
and the role of multilateral lending institutions, bilateral
programmes and the private sector in assisting governments overcome
them. Click here for the
Earth Negotiations Bulletin report summarizing these discussions
UN COMMISSION CONSIDERS LINKAGES BETWEEN POPULATION, EDUCATION AND
31 March –
4 April 2003 | New York,
The UN Commission on
Population and Development convened for its 36th session from 31
March – 4 April 2003 in New York under the theme “population,
education and development.” Delegates adopted a resolution on the
theme of this year’s session, and a decision on the special theme of
“Population, development and HIV/AIDS, with particular emphasis on
poverty” for the 38th session of the Commission to be held in 2005.
The session considered: follow-up actions to the International
Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), held in Cairo in
1994; national experiences in population matters; programme
implementation; and the future programme of work of the Secretariat
with regard to population issues. More
AD HOC WORKING GROUP ON
UN CONFERENCES AND SUMMITS
12 and 27 March 2003 | New York,
The Open-ended ad hoc working
group of the General Assembly on the integrated and coordinated
implementation of and follow-up to the outcomes of major United
Nations conferences and summits in the economic and social fields
met on 12 March and 27 March at UN Headquarters in New York. The
Working Group, established at the 57th Session United Nations
General Assembly (UNGA), addressed implementation and follow up
issues regarding various UN conferences and summits, as well as the
work of the +5 and +10 reviews. The
group also discussed implementation of the Millennium Development
Goals and other internationally agreed development goals.
ICPM ADOPTS GUIDELINES – CONCERNS EXPRESSED OVER TERMINOLOGY
7-11 April 2003 | Rome, Italy
The fifth session of the
Interim Commission for Phytosanitary Measures (ICPM) of the
International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) adopted several
guidelines, including on the use of irradiation as a phytosanitary
measure and on environmental risks in relation to pest risk analysis
for quarantine pests. It was noted that the negotiations generally
went smoothly, however the use of terminology remained a challenge
and a concern to delegates. The ICPM mainly utilizes terminology
used under the Convention on Biological Diversity, and some
delegates were concerned over the use of these definitions in
different fora. The Commission made recommendations for future work at both national levels and
between secretariats to clarify the terms used.
CODEX COMMITTEE AGREES ON
RISK ANALYSIS PRINCIPLES
April 2003 | Paris, France
The 18th session of the Codex
Alimentarius Committee on General Principles approved a set of draft
working principles for risk analysis. The draft principles were
finalized by consensus and will be formally adopted by the
Commission in July, to be applied by the numerous Codex committees
that elaborate international food safety standards. Another set of
principles for risk analysis, to be used by member governments, is
in the early stages of discussion. The Committee further agreed to
begin working on a definition of traceability/product tracing in a
new working group open to interested countries. The status of the EC
as a member of the Codex Alimentarius Commission was forwarded for
clarification by the FAO Committee on Constitutional and Legal
EXPERTS MEET TO DISCUSS IMPLEMENTATION OF ACTIONS TO PROMOTE SFM
24-30 March 2003 | Wellington, New Zealand
One hundred participants
gathered at this meeting, which was convened to support the United
Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF) in the implementation of actions to
promote sustainable forest management. The programme included three
keynote papers and four plenary sessions. The plenary sessions
covered the benefits and challenges associated with planted forests,
and considered how to ensure and facilitate sustainable forest
management (SFM). Each session included up to four papers on the
subject and was followed by working groups that addressed questions
related to the papers presented. The working groups’ conclusions
were presented to a plenary session.
Full meeting report.
IPCC EXPERTS MEET TO DISCUSS CLIMATE CHANGE AND SUSTAINABLE
March 2003 | Colombo, Sri Lanka
Approximately 40 experts met
in Colombo, Sri Lanka from 4-6 March to attend an IPCC scoping
meeting on climate change and sustainable development. Participants
included representatives from research institutions, universities,
two governments, and co-chairs from IPCC Working Groups 2 and 3.
Participants noted that the issue of climate change and sustainable
development related to both developing and developed countries, with
some emphasizing the link between income wealth and emissions.
Participants also noted the need for a more integrated approach in
addressing responses to climate change, urging that mitigation and
adaptation be considered as complementary elements of development
strategies. Also underscored was the need to regard all three
pillars of sustainable development, ensuring social development,
economic growth in addition to environmental protection, to
mainstream sustainable development into decision making.
Participants proposed tackling the issue of climate change and
sustainable development by: working off conclusions reached at the
WSSD; simultaneously addressing other relevant international issues
such as financing, and trade and environment conventions; and
effectively integrating the issue with other cross cutting themes
identified for the Fourth Assessment Report.
MILESTONE MADE IN DECODING GENETIC-ENVIRONMENTAL LINKS TO DISEASES
soon be able to identify which human genes can increase a person’s
susceptibility to environmentally-linked diseases. The initial phase
of the Environmental Genome Project is now completed, with 200
environmentally responsive genes re-sequenced and catalogued, and
links to vascular disease, leukemia and other illnesses identified.
This accomplishment provides the foundation for researchers to study
the potential links between environmental exposure, human genes and
UNEP CALLS FOR DEPLETED
URANIUM STUDY IN IRAQ
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is calling for an
international field study to assess alleged depleted uranium (DU)
sites in Iraq.
HARVARD STUDY FUELS CLIMATE CHANGE CONTROVERSY
The significance of unprecedented global warming has been challenged
by a recent review carried out by a team of Harvard scientists.
Results of an extensive examination of temperature proxies, such as
tree rings, ice cores, and global historical accounts, suggest that
global warming took place between the ninth and 14th centuries
followed by a “small ice age,” when the world cooled significantly.
WATER AND SANITATION COUNCIL PARTNERS WITH GLOBAL WATER PARTNERSHIP
The Water and Sanitation
Collaborative Council (WSSCC) and the Global Water Partnership have
recently signed a Memorandum of Understanding that seeks to enhance
collaboration between the two organizations.
COMINGS AND GOINGS
LEN GOOD RECOMMENDED AS
NEW GEF CEO/CHAIR
Having completed the selection process for the new CEO/Chair of
the Global Environment Facility, the heads of UNDP, UNEP and the
World Bank - the GEF’s three implementing agencies - have
recommended Len Good (right) to succeed outgoing CEO/Chair Mohammed T.
El-Ashry. Good will assume his new position after El-Ashry
leaves the GEF in July 2003.
GENERAL ASSEMBLY CONFIRMS SECOND TERM FOR UNDP CHIEF
MARK MALLOCH BROWN
United Nations General Assembly has confirmed the head of the UN
Development Programme, Mark Malloch Brown, to another four-year
term beginning 1 July 2003.
PRONK NAMED NEW WSSCC CHAIR
Jan Pronk (left), former Dutch Minister
for Development Cooperation and previous Dutch Minister of
Housing, Spatial Planning and Environment, has been designated
as the new Chair of the Water Supply and Sanitation
Collaborative Council (WSSCC). Pronk will replace the current
Chair, Sir Richard Jolly, at the Council’s first WASH Global Forum
to be held in Dakar, Senegal in December 2003.
PHD AND POSTDOC FELLOWS
The Institute of Advanced Studies (IAS)
of the United Nations University, based in Tokyo, has 10 PhD
and Postdoc Fellowship openings.
Click here for more information on new
appointments and vacancies
THE FUTURE OF THE CSD: SURVEY REPORT
Forum, April 2003) This report was prepared to feed into the deliberations
at the 11th session of the CSD. It presents the responses received to a
survey regarding stakeholder preferences for future CSD agendas,
participation and institutional mechanisms. For agenda items, respondents
preferred Agenda 21, CSD and WSSD commitments rather than the WEHAB
issues. The option for convening international, regional and subregional
workshops supporting implementation processes was popular and respondents
supported the increased involvement of the World Bank, International
Monetary Fund and World Trade Organization in the follow-up to
Johannesburg, with the majority agreeing that these institutions should
report their activities to ECOSOC. The
CAPACITY BUILDING FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: AN OVERVIEW OF UNEP
ENVIRONMENTAL CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES
2003) This 164 page booklet describes the broad scope of UNEP capacity building
initiatives for sound environmental management. It contains a series of
examples of areas in which UNEP works,
and the activities it performs within those areas, providing a sense of
how UNEP supports the environmental pillar of sustainable development.
Download the report.
POLICY INSTRUMENTS FOR ACHIEVING ENVIRONMENTALLY SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT
September 2002) This publication is the result of the OECD’s Working Group
on Transport’s five-year work programme, which developed Guidelines for
Environmentally Sustainable Transport and supporting analytical reports.
The publication incorporates a target-oriented approach for transport and
TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE AVIATION
March 2003) Callum Thomas, David Raper, Paul Upham and Janet Maughan
edited this 13-chapter collection that focuses on the environmental
consequences of air transportation. Thirty authors offer their
perspectives on trends and issues, mitigations and potential solutions,
and multisector commentaries with analyses of technological, policy and
BUYING INTO THE ENVIRONMENT: EXPERIENCES, OPPORTUNITIES AND POTENTIAL FOR
Publishing, April 2003) This 14-chapter volume, edited by Christoph
Erdmenger, International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI),
resulted from the research segment of the RELIEF project, funded by the
EU’s ‘City of Tomorrow and Cultural Heritage’ programme, which was
established to define the potential of eco-procurement and to develop a
strategy for change in Europe. A further stage - to design a Europe-wide
action plan – will follow in 2004.
AN OVERVIEW OF CARBON TRANSACTIONS: GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS AND SPECIFIC
Beleidsstudies, 2003) Written by H.C. de Coninck and N.H. van der Linden, this report provides an overview of
carbon trading projects. It concludes that projects under the Clean
Development Mechanism (CDM) have a preference for large-scale hydro, gas
capture and fuel switch projects, each constituting approximately 25% of
the total CDM emission reductions. For Joint Implementation (JI), the
project type was found to be more diverse, and somewhat biased towards
energy efficiency-type projects. Other emissions trading systems, on a
country level or in a company, are also briefly reviewed. The report finds
that only a small fraction of the total greenhouse gas abatement potential
for CDM and JI projects has been realized thus far, and notes that this
situation is likely
to change after the Kyoto Protocol enters into force and Annex B countries
feel the obligation to meet their Kyoto targets.
Download the paper.
FINANCING WATER FOR ALL
The final report of the World Panel on Financing Water Infrastructure,
chaired by Michel Camdessus, is now available online. The Panel makes
several conclusions on what needs to be done to finance water
infrastructure and offers specific proposals on how this can be achieved,
and by whom. Click for the
English or the
DIALOGUE ON EFFECTIVE WATER GOVERNANCE: LEARNING FROM THE DIALOGUES
Partnership, 2003) This status report draws from experience garnered
through conducting the Dialogue on Effective Water Governance in GWP’s
regions over the past year.
Download the report.
RAMSAR COP-8 PROCEEDINGS NOW AVAILABLE ON CD-ROM
version of last year’s Ramsar COP-8 proceedings is now available. This
resource is free-of-charge and is presented in French, English, and
Spanish. It contains the Conference Report, Resolutions, other COP-8
documents, the National Reports, and the participants lists. This material
is also available on the
Ramsar website. Requests
for the CD-ROM version should be directed to
GATS AND WATER: THE THREAT OF SERVICES NEGOTIATIONS AT THE WTO
(Save the Children UK, 2003) This report highlights the challenges
raised by the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) in the context
of the services negotiations currently taking place at the WTO. It
examines a range of issues affecting children worldwide including
education, health and water.
Download the report.
POVERTY AND VULNERABILITY
IN SOUTH ASIA
2003) Stating that people living in poverty are more vulnerable to risks
and that poor people lack the means of coping with these risks, this new
World Bank report suggests a range of new and existing innovative policies
and programmes to combat the cycle of poverty and vulnerability.
Highlighted are: short-term employment or public works schemes to reduce
vulnerability following seasonal downturns and community-wide shocks;
need-based assistance programmes; microfinance, particularly group-lending
schemes; and innovative community-based insurance initiatives. The report
also underscores the importance of savings in reducing risks, noting that
community-based efforts have been effective in mobilizing savings of poor
people in certain areas, and suggests incorporating a social protection
strategy into every country’s poverty reduction plan.
STOCK-TAKE OF THE WTO
AGRICULTURE NEGOTIATIONS – IMPLICATIONS FOR
(Oxford Policy Management, 2003) The agriculture negotiations in the Doha
Development Round have reached a crucial stage having failed to meet the
31 March 2003 deadline to determine the modalities of the new agreement on
agriculture. This report explores competing proposals from the perspective
of the developing world, and examines the detail of the draft modalities
tabled by Stuart Harbinson on 18 March 2003. It concedes that, given the
vast diversity of views, the negotiators have a difficult task in coming
to an agreed position. It concludes that the Harbinson draft is a genuine
attempt to accommodate different positions, and that it does offer
considerable special and differential treatment for developing countries.
Download the report.
“HUMAN FOOTPRINT” AND “LAST OF THE WILD” DATASETS
CIESIN have compiled two datasets “to facilitate policy-making aimed at
conserving the Last of the Wild.” The Human Footprint dataset contains
nine global-scale layers on the following themes: human population
pressure, human land use and infrastructure, and human access. The Last of
the Wild dataset was created using the Human Footprint dataset. It
identifies 569 wild places representing the least influenced or “wildest”
areas in their respective biomes. The datasets are online and available
for downloading in GIS formats.
INTERACTIVE WEBSITE ON PERSIAN GULF COUNTRIES
Institute 2003) WRI’S Earth Trends has created a website covering
economic, social, and environmental information on Iraq and other Persian
Gulf countries. The site contains country profiles, global oil statistics,
data on watersheds and other statistics for each country in the Middle
released its first issue of “WATER-L News,” a comprehensive collection of
water-related news, reports and editorials published every fortnight,
similar to IISD's Climate-L News resource. If you should come across any
material that would be appropriate for the next issue, please send these
to the author,
Richard Sherman. Click for
web version of Water-L
News, with clickable links from the table of contents to each story.
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