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Forests Policy & Practice

INTERLAKEN+10: Governing Forest Landscapes:
Lessons Learnt from Ten Years of Experience and
The Way Forward Post-2015

3-6 February 2015 | Interlaken, Switzerland
Summary highlights of the meeting
Daily Web Coverage
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Highlights for Friday, 6 February 2015
On Friday, plenary met in the morning to hear thematic inputs on the International Model Forest Network, the Forest Legality Alliance, and the XIV World Forestry Congress, to be held in September 2015 in Durban, South Africa. A roundtable discussed the global experience with forest governance monitoring and assessment and ways forward, and held an interactive session with country experts from Indonesia, the Russian Federation and Tanzania. The draft workshop report was then tabled and considered in breakout groups.

The concluding plenary heard an intervention from UNFF11 Bureau Member Vicente Bezerra, Brazil, who provided some considerations on the future of the International Agreement on Forests (IAF). Delegates from the Youth Group then outlined the work undertaken during their parallel conference. They shared their vision, which includes an increased participation of youth in forest governance processes, noting that "the world we live in is not the world youth envisions."

Plenary subsequently addressed the workshop report, focusing on the recommendations directed to UNFF with regard to UNFF11 and the post-2015 IAF. Representatives of the breakout groups, and other participants, shared detailed comments. It was announced that the recommendations will be revised and, following an electronic consultation, they will be finalized by the end of the following week for transmission to UNFF11.

The workshop closed at 5:30pm.

The IISD RS summary of INTERLAKEN+10 is available in English (HTML and PDF)
Peter Anthony Besseau, Canadian Forest Service

Eva Müller, FAO
Charles Barber, AHEG2 Co-Chair, World Resources Institute (WRI)
Lambert Okrah, Major Groups Partnership on Forests
Liubov Poliakova, Ukraine
Daniel Meireles Tristão, Brazil
Anna Stemberger, UNFF Youth and Children Major Group Focal Point
May Anne Then, International Forestry Students' Association (IFSA)
Jacob Amoako, Bern University of Applied Sciences
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The Asia and Middle East breakout group
Highlights for Thursday, 5 February 2015

On Thursday, a morning plenary discussed the findings of the small roundtable sessions held under World Café on Wednesday, addressing: bridging the governance gap, interest- and rights-based approaches; integrating different actors in governance; social equity, indigenous peoples and local communities, and politics of scale; transforming knowledge into action; emerging private forest governance regimes; forest law compliance and enforcement; coordination among sectors and levels; and illegal logging and deforestation. Plenary then heard reports from the regional and global breakout groups that met on Wednesday and Thursday, and discussed the identified challenges and recommendations.

Participants were then split into three groups to attend field trips. The first group went to Lauterbrunnen and Mürren for a walk in the snow with glimpses at the landscape; the second headed for Boltigen to learn about governance in the landscape of Simmental and its community forests and alpine pastures; and the third visited Emmental and its private forests in a mosaic landscape.

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View of the dais during the morning session
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Robert Busink, the Netherlands
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Ronnakorn Triraganon, The Regional Community Forestry Training Center for Asia and the Pacific
Hosny El-Lakany, University of British Columbia, Canada
Andrei Laletin, Friends of the Siberian Forests
Veronica Galmez, Andean Forests Program, Peru
Highlights for Wednesday, 4 February 2015
On Wednesday, participants held four thematic sessions to address: forest tenure and decentralization; forest landscape governance and green economy; forest governance and biodiversity; and forest governance and safeguards in REDD+ implementation. A brief afternoon plenary heard the main findings of the thematic sessions. Participants then resumed their meetings in five groups working on identifying challenges for forest governance, followed by the World Café, small roundtable discussions on key issues for the future governance of forest landscapes.

The session on forest tenure and decentralization highlighted the need to: recognize the effectiveness of indigenous peoples and local communities to manage their forests sustainably by securing their rights; and change the role of forest agencies in order to ensure support for community rights and management.

The session on forest landscape governance and green economy discussed, among other issues, questions related to managing forests within a green economy; evaluating the spiritual, cultural and aesthetic values of forests and accounting for biodiversity hotspots; reaching out beyond the forest sector; private sector impacts including the role of banks; and monitoring, reporting and assessment methodologies.

The session on forest governance and biodiversity highlighted: the fragmentation of forest-related issues among several international processes and a potential role for UNFF as a platform to address forests in a holistic manner; the importance of securing forest tenure and use rights for indigenous peoples and local communities; and the need to build a strong stakeholder involvement component in the reform process at the national level.

The session on forest governance and safeguards in REDD+ implementation discussed national approaches and challenges related to REDD+ safeguards, lessons on benefit-sharing, and the potential added value of UNFF.
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Bharat Kumar Pokharel, HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation
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Steven Lawry, CIFOR
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Meine Van Noordwijk, World Agroforestry Centre
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Agus Sarsito, Indonesia
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Lambert Okrah, Major Groups Partnership on Forests with Herbert Christ, Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
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Chris Buss, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
Bharat Kumar Pokharel, HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation
Johanna Michel, Bruno Manser Fund, Switzerland
Marlea Muñez, National Commission on Indigenous Peoples, the Philippines
Highlights for Tuesday, 3 February 2015
On Tuesday, workshop participants heard opening remarks and presentations from a panel of country-led initiatives (CLI) host countries; discussed the findings of the independent assessment of the International Arrangement on Forests and the outcomes of the second meeting of the Ad Hoc Expert Group on the International Arrangement on Forests (AHEG2); and broke into five groups to identify challenges for forest governance.

Josef Hess, Vice-Director, Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN), Switzerland, noted that devolving use and property rights to the lowest level, often the community level, is the basis of the current decentralized governance structure in Switzerland. Dominique Favre, Deputy Head, Global Cooperation Department, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), stressed the need to recognize all forest values and redefine forest stewardship. Manoel Sobral, Director, UNFF Secretariat, stressed the importance of governance issues, including enforcement and means of implementation, in the review of the IAF and in reaching a strong agreement beyond 2015. Thomas Gass, Assistant Secretary-General, UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA), emphasized that 2015 presents a crucial convergence of opportunities for forests and sustainable development. Christian Küchli, Head of Section, Forest Division, FOEN, presented an overview on the UNFF CLIs on forest governance since 2004, and drew attention to the role of indigenous and local communities as forest custodians. Carol Colfer, Cornell International Institute for Food, Agriculture and Development, presented lessons and recommendations from ten years of global exchange on forest governance through the CLIs. A panel provided an update on past CLIs, including issues raised, recommendations and resulting initiatives.

In the afternoon, Jürgen Blaser, Bern University of Applied Sciences, presented a summary of the findings of the IAF independent assessment; and Charles Barber, World Resources Institute and AHEG2 Co-Chair, and Hossein Moeini-Meybodi, UNFF Secretariat, presented a summary of the outcomes of AHEG2.
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Dominique Favre, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)
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Thomas Gass, UN DESA
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Facilitator Ivonne Higuero, UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)
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Robert Busink, the Netherlands with Kit Prins, UNECE/FAO
Oppon Sasu, Ghana
Matilda Walimbe, African Women's Network for Community Management of Forests
Oye Simon Adedoyin, Nigeria
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Facilitator Veronica Galmez, Andean Forests Program, Peru
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Daniel Meireles Tristão, Brazil
Field trip: Governance in the landscape of Simmental: community forests and alpine pastures
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Field trip: Lauterbrunnen - Murren: A walk in the snow with glimpses at the landscape
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Field trip: Emmental: Private forests in a mosaic landscape
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Photos from the field trips in Murren and Emmental have been kindly provided by the organizers

Funding for coverage of this workshop has been provided by the governments of Finland, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway and Switzerland.

Daily Web Coverage
Related Links
INTERLAKEN+10 Resources

*INTERLAKEN+10 Website *INTERLAKEN+10 Background Information and Programme
*INTERLAKEN+10 Field Trip *Report of the 2012 Lviv Workshop
*Report of the 2010 Oaxaca Workshop *Report of the 2008 Durban Workshop
*Report of the 2004 Interlaken Workshop


IISD RS Resources

*IISD RS coverage of the Second meeting of the Open-ended Intergovernmental Ad Hoc Expert Group on the International Arrangement on Forests (AHEG2) for the UN Forum on Forests (UNFF), 12-16 January 2015, UN Headquarters, New York, United States of America

*IISD RS coverage of the Workshop on the International Arrangement on Forests Beyond 2015 - “A Country-Led Initiative in Support of the UN Forum on Forests”, 29-31 October 2014, Beijing, China

*IISD RS coverage of UNFF10, 8-19 April 2013, Istanbul, Turkey

*IISD RS coverage of the Workshop on Forest Governance, Decentralization and REDD+ in Latin America and the Caribbean: A Country-led Initiative in Support of the UN Forum on Forests (UNFF), 31 August - 3 September 2010, Oaxaca, Mexico

*IISD RS coverage of the Interlaken Workshop on Decentralization, Federal Systems in Forestry and National Forest Programmes, 27-30 April 2004, Interlaken, Switzerland

*Forests-L - A news and announcement list on forest policy issues

*Forests Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of International Activities Adressing Forests Policy

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