Oslo Rountable on Sustainable Production and Consumption
2.4 - Governments
2.4.3 International Cooperation
The globalisation of consumption and production patterns makes close cooperation between
governments essential for the effectiveness and equitableness of national efforts to shift towards
sustainable consumption. Intergovernmental work carried out by OECD countries should include
representation from developing countries and economies in transition so that the implications for
these can be understood and acted upon. It is vitally important that key agencies and organizations,
such as OECD, CSD, UNEP and UNCTAD should collaborate closely on sustainable
consumption matters. International organisations and governments should work together to:
International Organisations as Consumers
- - Introduce for all international organisations, particularly the United
Nations and Bretton Woods institutions, environmental criteria and goals for
procurement, service provision and administration.
Improving Understanding and Awareness
- - Establish a shared understanding of the conceptual and methodological
foundations for sustainable consumption, including, for example, eco-
efficiency and life cycle analysis.
- - Coordinate the collection of data to provide baseline information on
existing patterns of consumption and production, including analysis of the
social, economic and environmental consequences of current and projected
trends (ie by the use of quantitative models and scenarios). Potential winners
and losers should be identified and follow-up policies devised to counteract
- - Promote the production of regular national reports on progress towards
sustainable production and consumption patterns.
- - Undertake analyses and share experiences of the role which cultural
differences play in establishing patterns of consumption and production, and
the significance that these may have for the perception of quality of life.
- - Accelerate work to develop international environmental management and
auditing standards and common product certification procedures.
- - Prepare international guidelines for the use of life cycle assessment in
policymaking (eg eco-labelling), and exchange the results of assessments of key
Applying Tools for Modifying Behaviour
- - Support the shift to sustainable production and consumption patterns in
developing countries and economies in transition through financial and
technical assistance, the transfer of environmentally sound technology and the
lowering of trade barriers.
- - Assist developing countries and economies in transition to introduce
criteria for eco-products and expand their share of growing environmental
- - Encourage international cooperation on the introduction of economic
instruments so that the market prices of traded goods and services reflect
- - Support the adoption of cleaner production techniques and tools by
producers in developing countries and economies in transition, particularly for
small and medium sized enterprises.
- - Consider adjustments to existing trade agreements to incorporate
sustainable production and consumption requirements and offer new forms of
trade preference for socially and environmentally superior goods and services.
- - Ensure that existing technology cooperation programmes in both the
public and private sector incorporate goals in support of more sustainable
patterns of consumption and production in developing countries and countries
with economies in transition.
DOCUMENT WINDOW - ECO-LABELLING AND INTERNATIONAL TRADE
Monitoring, Evaluating and Reviewing Performance
- - Work towards a comparable set of indicators for measuring progress
towards more sustainable production and consumption, leading to the adoption
of an internationally agreed framework.
- - Promote research collaboration on sustainable production and
consumption issues of shared concern, in particular on environmental
- - Examine the environmental, economic and social impacts of policy
measures used to change consumption and production patterns, including on
DOCUMENT WINDOW - SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - A THIRD WORLD NGO PERSPECTIVE
DOCUMENT WINDOW - GREEN ECONOMIC POLICIES
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