Oslo Rountable on Sustainable Production and Consumption
2.3 - Business
At the Enterprise Level
At the enterprise level, companies need to strengthen their environmental efforts by action to:
Business as Consumer
- - Set an example by integrating environmental criteria and targets into
supplier and purchasing policies.
- - Build and spread experience in maximising eco-efficiency in the
consumption of energy and resources.
Business as Producer, Financier and Retailer
- - Rethink product and process innovation and technology development
programmes to include sustainable consumption factors.
- - Explore the market potential of substituting traditional products with new
environmental services in repair, reconditioning (including upgrading),
recycling and remanufacturing.
- - Supply goods and services with a product declaration containing
information on key environmental parameters (eg durability, repairability,
energy and water use, toxic contents).
- - Extend producer responsibility, through increased product life spans and
improved after sales service provision, followed by upgrading, reuse or
- - Reduce energy consumption, material intensity and waste at the design
- - Integrate the need to promote sustainable consumption into advertising,
marketing and product information (eg through independent verification of
- - Incorporate the goals of more sustainable consumption and production in
undertaking technology transfer to developing countries and countries with
economies in transition.
- - Promote the development of practical applications to internalise
environmental costs through full resource cost pricing and environmental
- - Integrate the environmental costs of production process into the price of
products, including the costs of environmental liability.
Enterprises in the financial sector, such as banks and insurance companies, should incorporate
environmental risk and eco-efficiency criteria and goals into the assessment and management of
their services, for both individual and business consumers.
Enterprises in the retail and distribution sectors should assist their customers through the provision
of accurate information on the environmental impacts of goods and services and facilities for
materials` recovery, recycling and reuse. They should use their intermediate position to influence
the supply of environmentally sound goods and services.
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