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Climate Change Policy & Practice
Climate Change Policy & Practice
Coverage of Selected Side Events at the
Bonn Climate Change Conference - June 2013

3-13 June 2013 | Bonn, Germany

Daily web coverage (click on the following links to see our daily web pages)
Side Events (ENBOTS) Coverage on Friday, 7 June 2013
Panelists during the side event on Promoting the Gender
Balance and Empowerment of Women in the UNFCCC Process.

The following side events were covered by ENBOTS on Friday, 7 June 2013.





International NAMA Facility:
Official Public Information Event


Presented by the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Germany, and the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC), UK
Vera Scholz, GIZ, analyzed the steps and selection criteria for the submission of NAMA projects.
“If we do not take this opportunity, it will be gone forever,” stressed Claudio Forner, UNFCCC Secretariat, referring to NAMAs.
Sudhir Sharma, UNEP, set the scene, providing an overview of NAMAs and their typology.

This side event, moderated by Ben Lyon, UK, aimed to inform national governments, potential delivery organizations and other Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA) stakeholders about the context, objective and function of the NAMA Facility.

Sudhir Sharma, UN Environment Programme (UNEP), provided an overview of NAMAs, setting the scene for better understanding their substance. He referred to the definition and typology of NAMAs, as well as the current submission status to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Registry. He stressed the importance of linkages between NAMAs, national development priorities and low carbon development strategies (LCDSs) to ensure transformational impacts.

Norbert Gorißen, Germany, noted the purpose of the NAMA Facility, identifying current means of support, including financial support and technical cooperation instruments aimed at capacity building. He discussed the governance structure of the NAMA Facility, the NAMA Facility Board, which is comprised of representatives from the BMU and DECC, and the Technical Support Unit (TSU).

On technical functions of the NAMA Facility, Vera Scholz, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), underscored eligibility criteria, inter alia: eligibility of the submitting entity; endorsement by the national government; cooperation with a qualified delivery organization; official development assistance (ODA) eligibility; time frame for implementation; finance volume; degree of maturity; feasibility; and a plan for the phase-out of support.

Sebastian Hach, KfW Development Bank, addressed ambition criteria, saying they apply after a successful eligibility assessment. He noted ambition criteria include: transformational change potential; co-benefits; financial ambition; and mitigation potential.

Closing the session, Claudio Forner, UNFCCC Secretariat, underscored that the international NAMA Facility provides an unprecedented opportunity to engage developing countries and cooperate with them on mitigation activities. He also addressed risks involved, such as the: balance between respecting project diversity and defining concrete ways to assess projects; difficulty in quantifying ambition; and management of the numerous proposals that are expected once the call for NAMA projects is open.

The ensuing discussions focused on: possible accounting problems related to the utilization of carbon credit mechanisms; funding and the number of NAMAs gaining support; nature of the transformational impact; relationship with the Registry; and links to adaptation issues.

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Chebet Maikut, Uganda, poses questions to the panel. Panel (L-R): Sudhir Sharma, UNEP; Claudio Forner, UNFCCC; Ben Lyon, UK; Norbert Gorißen, Germany; Vera Scholz, GIZ; and Sebastian Hach, KfW Development Bank.



Promoting Gender Balance and the Empowerment of Women in the UNFCCC Process

Presented by the UN Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women), the Mary Robinson Foundation - Climate Justice (MRFCJ), the Global Gender and Climate Alliance (GGCA), and the UNFCCC
Christiana Figueres, Executive Secretary, UNFCCC, called for gender sensitivity at the global level, but stressed that its application needs to be done country-by-country so to maximize the impact of gender on climate solutions.
Verona Collantes, UN Women, said the UNFCCC Secretariat should ensure robust monitoring and reporting to track progress, and maintain a publicly available and updated database on the participation of men and women in the UNFCCC processes.
Lorena Aguilar Revelo, IUCN, discussed accountability challenges and mentioned the Environment and Gender Index (EGI), a tool developed by IUCN to monitor progress toward gender equality and women’s empowerment in global environmental governance.

This side event, moderated by Robert Bradley, United Arab Emirates (UAE), shared insights and discussed efforts to strengthen gender balance, enhance the empowerment of women in the UNFCCC process, and advance gender-sensitive climate policy.

In her opening remarks, Ambassador Nozipho Joyce Mxakato-Diseko, South Africa, welcomed the fact that the UNFCCC process has been “taken over” by women since COP 16 in Cancun and stressed that women bring a style that is “collaborative and moves the process forward.” She called for parity in the representation of women in the process, and changes in the processes’ culture and language.

Recalling Gender Day on 29 November 2013, and the “miracle of Doha” – the Decision on Gender (Decision 23/CP.18), Christiana Figueres, Executive Secretary, UNFCCC, emphasized that these are means to an end, a gender-sensitive climate policy. She stressed a gender-sensitive climate policy should differentiate between policies that can enable men and those that can enable women to contribute to climate change solutions.

Verona Collantes, UN Women, introduced the report “The Full View: Advancing the Goal of Gender Balance in Multilateral and Intergovernmental Processes.” She highlighted recommendations, including establishing temporary special measures, such as a gender “representation target” and guidance to designate women in informal negotiating groups, and numerical targets and mechanisms to sanction non-compliance for consideration at the review of the Decision on Gender.

Aleksandra Blagojević, Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), indicated measures to enhance gender equality in different processes, such as: providing official space for women; ensuring data collection on women’s participation; establishing a monitoring body; setting-up affirmative measures, such as quotas, as well as sanctions, but used in a creative way; securing buy-in by all; and raising awareness and training of women.

Lorena Aguilar Revelo, IUCN, underscored that Cancun and Durban are the first formal agreements obliging entities within the UNFCCC to ensure that gender is fully incorporated in their work on climate change. Outlining challenges, she stressed the need to implement the policy to ensure a transformational change and underscored the risk of complacency once gender has been included.

In the ensuing discussions, participants exchanged views on national strategies for gender, including the possibility of applying national quota systems at the international level, and means of implementation and ways to ensure a gender-sensitive approach under the Green Climate Fund (GCF). One participant lamented the “erosion of the culture of respect” by the issue of gender balance.

SBI Chair Thomasz Chruszczow, Poland, noted with pride the inclusion of gender in the Durban package, and stressed that women’s intellectual potential must be enabled and allowed to influence the work of the Convention.

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Panel (L-R):  Verona Collantes, UN Women; Tomasz Chruszczow, SBI Chair, Poland; Robert Bradley, UAE; Aleksandra Blagojević, IPU; and Lorena Aguilar Revelo, IUCN.
.



Loss and Damage:
Comprehensive Climate Risk Management from an Insurance Perspective


Presented by the Munich Climate Insurance Initiative (MCII)
Peter Hoeppe, Munich RE, said insurance is not “a silver bullet,” but it can contribute to climate adaptation, especially in the case of extreme weather events.
Janina Voss, GIZ, underlined that insurance addresses the financial consequences of risks that cannot be further reduced.
Annelie Janz, BMU, stressed that it is time to move from strategies to viable insurance solutions, implemented on the ground.

This session explored climate risk landscapes in the context of current emission pathways, and elaborated on key factors to enable the integration of insurance approaches into climate risk management. Koko Warner, MCII and United Nations University (UNU) Institute for Environment and Human Security (EHS), moderated the side event.

Isaac Anthony, Caribbean Catastrophe Risk Insurance Facility (CCRIF), noted the vulnerability of Caribbean Small Island Developing States (SIDS) to natural hazards, saying they inordinately impact their national economies. He described the Livelihood Protection Policy (LPP), which is a parametric weather index-based insurance product that provides a safety net for a significant section of the population that would otherwise be unable to get insurance.

Focusing on lessons learned from past projects, regarding the role of insurance in climate risk management, Janina Voss, GIZ, stressed the need for: strong and long-term commitments from governments; an appropriate regulatory environment; joint efforts and clarity on roles of the key stakeholders; data availability, accuracy and reliability; appropriate back-up mechanisms; and nation-wide awareness creation and education on the impact of climate change and the protection insurance may provide.

Annelie Janz, BMU, addressed the International Climate Initiative (ICI), which has been financing climate projects in developing and transition countries, since its launch by the BMU five years ago. Funding investment projects in the fields of technology transfer, policy advice, research cooperation, capacity development and training, as well as for carrying out studies and developing concepts, he said the ICI aims to support the development of insurance solutions as part of integrated adaptation strategies.

Peter Hoeppe, Munich RE, stressed that the distribution of wealth coincides globally with the distribution of insurance, and therefore, when a natural disaster hits a poor and virtually uninsured country, lack of funds may lead to a poverty trap, maximizing losses. He noted the kind of risks that are insurable and pointed to Munich RE’s database on extreme events, which provides a complete picture since 1980 and is available for institutions and policymakers.

During discussion, participants addressed possible institutional arrangements and whether regional approaches should focus on compensation or adaptation.

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Panel (L-R):  Peter Hoeppe, Munich RE; Koko Warner, MCII; Annelie Janz, BMU; Janina Voss, GIZ; and Isaac Anthony, CCRIF.
More Information:

www.climate-insurance.org
www.ccrif.org
www.munichre.com

Contacts:

Koko Warner (Coordinator)
warner@ehs.unu.edu




Scaling Up Clean Energy Projects Across the Complete Development Value Chain:
A New Approach, the Phased Financing Facility


Presented by the International Center for Environmental Technology Transfer (ICETT), the Climate Technology Initiative’s (CTI) Private Financing Advisory Network (PFAN) and Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP)
Peter Storey, CTI PFAN, discussed accomplishments of REEEP and CTI PFAN, including REEEP’s EUR25 million in grant funding, and CTI PFAN’s 164 projects in the pipeline for a US$5 billion investment.
Martin Hiller, Director General, REEEP, noted common characteristics of the CTI PFAN and REEEP.
Zitouni Ould-Dada, UNEP, highlighted CTCN services, including: catalyzing private and public investments; capacity building and technical assistance; and technical support and advice to identify technology needs for requested climate technologies.

This side event, moderated by Elmer Holt, CTI Chair, presented a potential new funding approach and cooperation currently being explored between CTI PFAN and REEEP, which would offer an integrated funding and advisory package to support the scaling up of clean energy projects across the complete development value chain.

Holt presented the CTI, saying it aims to promote rapid development and diffusion of climate-friendly and environmentally sound technologies through multilateral and international cooperation between the public and private sectors, and between Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and non-OECD countries. He also introduced the CTI PFAN multilateral initiative, stressing it aims to: accelerate technology transfer and diffusion under the UNFCCC; promote low-carbon, sustainable economic development; and increase financing opportunities for clean energy projects. Finally, he presented REEEP’s mission to catalyze scaling-up clean energy business models in developing countries and emerging markets.

Peter Storey, CTI PFAN, explained the process, from the model project, through the Phased Financing Facility, up to large funders and investors, and outlined expected outcomes, such as leverage, private investment mobilization, scaling up, and feedback to policy.

Martin Hiller, Director General, REEEP, explained the advantages of cooperation between CTI PFAN and REEEP, saying that it allows for: identification of successful business models; engagement with entrepreneurs; organic growth and/or replication; investment structure to fit needs; confidence of investors; and feedback into policy and investment.

Zitouni Ould-Dada, UNEP, discussed the origins of the Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN) since its establishment at COP 16 in Cancun and the set up of its Advisory Board at COP 18 in Doha. Stressing CTCN’s country-driven characteristic, he outlined its functions: managing requests from developing countries National Designated Entities (NDEs) and deliver responses; foster collaboration and access to information and knowledge to accelerate technology deployment; and strengthen networks, partnerships and capacity building for climate technology development.

The subsequent discussions addressed, inter alia: the concept of leverage and subsidized projects; links between CTI and Sustainable Energy for All initiatives (SE4ALL); and adaptation technology transfer to developing countries.

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Panel (L-R):  Elmer Holt, CTI Chair; Zitouni Ould-Dada, UNEP; Peter Storey, CTI PFAN; and Martin Hiller, Director General, REEEP.
More Information:

www.icett.or.jp/english/

Contacts:

Elmer Holt (Moderator)
elmer.holt@hq.doe.gov



The Earth Negotiations Bulletin on the side (ENBOTS) © <enb@iisd.org> is a special publication of the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) in cooperation with the European Commission (EC). This issue has been written by Anna Schulz, Mihaela Secrieru and Asterios Tsioumanis. The Digital Editor is Brad Vincelette. The Editor is Liz Willetts <liz@iisd.org>. The Director of IISD Reporting Services is Langston James “Kimo” Goree VI <kimo@iisd.org>. Support for the publication of ENBOTS at the Bonn Climate Change Conference - June 2013 has been provided by the EC. The opinions expressed in ENBOTS are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of IISD and funders. Excerpts from ENBOTS may be used in non-commercial publications only with appropriate academic citation. For permission to use this material in commercial publications, contact the Director of IISD Reporting Services at <kimo@iisd.org>. Electronic versions of issues of ENBOTS from the Bonn Climate Change Conference - June 2013 can be found on the Linkages website at http://www.iisd.ca/climate/sb38/enbots/. The ENBOTS Team at the Bonn Climate Change Conference - June 2013 can be contacted by e-mail at <anna@iisd.org>.

Daily web coverage (click on the following links to see our daily web pages)

Related Links

UNFCCC resources

*Side events website

*List of side events


Bonn Climate Change Conference - June 2013 resources

*Meeting website

*Overall schedule

*Subsidiary Bodies workshops and events

*SBI 38 website

*SBI 38 annotated agenda

*SBI 38 documents

*SBI 38 workshops

*SBSTA 38 website

*SBSTA 38 annotated agenda

*SBSTA 38 documents

*SBSTA 38 workshops

*ADP 2-2 website

*ADP 2-2 agenda

*ADP 2-2 documents

*ADP 2-2 workshops


General resource

*Gateway to the UN System’s Work on Climate Change


IISD RS resources

*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Conference - April 2013, 29 April - 3 May 2013, Bonn, Germany

*IISD RS summary report of the UNFCCC Expert Meeting on Technology Roadmaps and Fifth Meeting of the Technology Executive Committee (TEC), 25 and 26-27 March 2013, Bonn, Germany (Technology Roadmaps summary: HTML - PDF) (TEC summary: HTML - PDF)

*IISD RS coverage of the Doha Climate Change Conference - November 2012, 26 November - 8 December 2012, Doha, Qatar

*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Doha Climate Change Conference - November 2012, 26 November - 7 December 2012, Doha, Qatar

*IISD RS coverage of the Bangkok Climate Change Conference - August 2012, 30 August - 5 September 2012, Bangkok, Thailand

*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Conference - May 2012, 14-25 May 2012, Bonn, Germany

*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Bonn Climate Change Conference - May 2012, 14-25 May 2012, Bonn, Germany

*IISD RS coverage of the Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011, 28 November - 11 December 2011, Durban, South Africa

*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011, 28 November - 9 December 2011, Durban, South Africa

*CLIMATE-L - A mailing list for news on climate change policy

*Climate Change Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of UN and Intergovernmental Activities Addressing Global Climate Change Policy

*Linkages Update - Bi-weekly international environment and sustainable development news
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