IISD Reporting Services
News the ENB team About us Funders Activities Links Search IISD.org RSS Share on Facebook
Daily Web Coverage
IISD Reporting Services (IISD RS) is producing daily reports and daily web coverage from selected side events. To download our reports, please download the HTML/PDF icons below.
Daily Web Coverage   Summary
 
htm
pdf
14 May 2012   HTML version PDF format
15 May 2012   HTML version PDF format
16 May 2012   HTML version PDF format
17 May 2012   HTML version PDF format
18 May 2012   HTML version PDF format
19 May 2012   HTML version PDF format
21 May 2012   HTML version PDF format
22 May 2012   HTML version PDF format
23 May 2012   HTML version PDF format
24 May 2012   HTML version PDF format
Loading...
Coverage of Selected Side Events at the Bonn Climate Change Conference - May 2012

14-25 May 2012 | Bonn, Germany

Daily web coverage (click on the following links to see our daily web pages)

Coverage on Tuesday, 15 May 2012
Rio+20
The Maritim Hotel, venue of the Bonn Climate Change Conference - May 2012.
Sign up for ENB
ENB coverage
Climate Change Policy & Practice
Control of GHG Emissions from International Transport

Presented by the International Maritime Organization (IMO)
.
Eivind S. Vågslid, IMO, commented that a global industry should be regulated globally.
.
Shaun Goh, Singapore, (left) engages in discussion with a participant on the opportunities of climate finance for the shipping industry.

Eivind S. Vågslid, IMO, introduced the work of the IMO, pointing out that shipping is the most energy efficient mode of transport. He reviewed opportunities for efficiency improvements in seaborne trade, such as larger ships, which can transport five times more volume while consuming only one and half times the fuel, clarifying that there remains a huge potential.

Vågslid highlighted the adoption of mandatory technical and operational measures for ships engaged in international trade in July 2011, including the Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI) for new ships and the Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan (SEEMP) for all ships in operation. He clarified that states are obligated to adopt and enforce regulations and private companies are obligated to comply with regulations.

Vågslid stressed measures are intended to drive change, not support business-as-usual, requiring both consequences for non-compliance and capacity building. In relating the work of IMO to the UNFCCC, Vågslid drew attention to IMO’s non-discriminatory approach, requiring that regulations be applied to all ships, in comparison to the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities in UNFCCC Article 2.2. He suggested market-based mechanisms (MBMs) and climate finance could accommodate both principles if applied universally.

In panel discussions, Ivo de Zwaan, Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment, the Netherlands, commented that concrete outcomes regarding the sector were unlikely during this UNFCCC meeting. Shaun Goh, Ministry of Transport, Singapore, shared this perspective, agreeing to work with parties to help produce a clear mandate to address sectoral emissions. He agreed that international shipping could play a role in climate finance, expressing hope that revenue raised by IMO MBMs would be used to support shipping industry mitigation and adaptation efforts, and not solely directed to the Green Climate Fund. Alexis Rodríguez, Maritime Authority, Panama, commented that successful MBMs require good analysis, currently underway.

1 1 1
1
More Information:

http://www.imo.org

Contacts:

Eivind S. Vågslid (Coordinator), IMO <evagslid@imo.org>>

1
1 1 1

 

CDM Executive Board: Question and Answer

Presented by the UNFCCC Secretariat

Maosheng Duan, CDM EB Chair, China, presented an overview of work, including a loan scheme to boost CDM projects in least developed countries.

Martin Hession, CDM Executive Board Vice-Chair, United Kingdom, said absence of demand is a problem for CER prices.

Anja Kollmuss, CDM Watch, queries the CDM Executive Board on the baseline methodology for adipic acid production plants.

The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Executive Board (EB) updated participants on their activities and engaged audience participants on a wide range of issues. Maosheng Duan, Chair of the CDM EB, China, reviewed activities related to improving efficiency and clarity of the CDM system and stakeholder engagement. He reported 8400 projects are currently in the CDM pipeline.

On additionality, Duan recounted the adoption of new procedures for micro-scale renewable energy projects, which will automatically be considered additional. He also reported continued work on the regional distribution of CDM projects, including adopting top-down methodologies. Duan recognized that the CDM is in a period of transition, underscoring renewed support provided by the agreement on a second commitment period for Annex I parties in Durban. He informed participants that a high-level policy dialogue designed to position the CDM into the future would engage stakeholders and produce a report this fall.

The panel fielded questions from the audience on: specific methodologies; price volatility; safeguards; and compatibility with China’s and Korea’s planned domestic trading schemes. Chair Deng stated that methodologies are the result of intense negotiations and invited further stakeholder input. CDM EB Member Peer Stiansen, Norway, reiterated that the mandate of the CDM EB is to ensure the accuracy and additionality of emission reductions and said States decide whether to adopt other country’s baselines and how to use the credits.

Duan agreed with a participant that low certified emission reduction (CER) prices are a fundamental issue, stating that projects must demonstrate additionality, not financial viability. On safeguards, CDM EB Member Thomas Bernheim, European Commission, suggested stakeholder input could help improve transparency. CDM EB Vice-Chair Martin Hession, United Kingdom, stated that the Board cannot make judgements about the sustainable development of a given country, emphasizing that the CDM EB “in no way supports breaches of human rights.”


.
R-L: Andrew Howard, UNFCCC Secretariat; Thomas Bernheim, CDM EB Member, European Commission; Peer Stiansen, CDM EB Member, Norway; Maosheng Duan, CDM EB Chair, China; Martin Hession, CDM EB Vice-Chair, United Kingdom; and José Domingos Gonzalez Miguez, CDM EB Member, Brazil.
1 1 1
1
More Information:

www.cdmpolicydialogue.org

Contacts:

Karin Lexén (Chair) karin.lexen@siwi.org
Hannah Stoddart hstoddart@stakeholderforum.org
Joakim Harlin joakim.harlin@undp.org
Joseph Halder ngofaic@bangla.net

1
1 1 1

 

Rio Conventions – to Rio and Beyond

Presented by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

Sergio Zelaya, UNCCD Secretariat, said the JLG has five principles: exchange information; respect individual mandates of the organizations; decrease levels of bureaucracy; reduce costs; and produce realistic actions.

Sakhile Koketso, CBD Secretariat, highlighted four elements of sustainable development defined by Philippe Sands: intergenerational equity; sustainable use; equitable use; and integration of environmental considerations into policies and vice versa.

Merlyn Van Voore, UNEP, said UNEP intends to roll-out additional EBA programmes focusing on coasts and drylands.

Sergio Zelaya, UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) Secretariat, highlighted actions by the UNCCD, CBD and UNFCCC Joint Liaison Group (JLG), noting its establishment in 2001 and its subsequent meetings to enhance coordination and explore options for coordination and a possible joint work programme. He said the JLG supports action at Rio+20 to strengthen synergies.

Fernando Castellanos Silveira, UNFCCC Secretariat, said there are benefits to working on synergies rather than in silos, highlighting that sustainable land use addresses issues ranging from conserving biodiversity, climate mitigation and adaptation and preventing land degradation.

Sakhile Koketso, CBD Secretariat, outlined the conceptual plan for the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, which seek to address: underlying causes; reducing direct pressures; safeguarding biodiversity; and enhancing implementation. She underscored a number of the targets would facilitate action under the other conventions and help achieve sustainable development.

Merlyn Van Voore, UN Environment Programme (UNEP), reflected that 20 years after the Rio Earth Summit, the full potential benefits under the conventions have not been realized, and said this was particularly true for implementation at the national level. She highlighted UNEP’s Mountain Ecosystem-Based Adaptation (EBA) programme, noting its objective to strengthen country capacities to implement ecosystem-based adaptation.

During discussions, one participant highlighted scientific knowledge, including integration of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) and IPCC assessments, as important in addition to implementation. Koketso highlighted action by the CBD Conference of the parties on REDD+ safeguards, which had been submitted to the UNFCCC Subsidiary Body on Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA), reminding that action under the UNFCCC depends on parties. Others discussed the development of incentives to improve cooperation among various conventions’ National Focal Points, with Van Voore pointing out the need to address a broader question of coherence in environmental governance.

.
L-R: Merlyn Van Voore, UNEP; Fernando Castellanos Silveira, UNFCCC Secretariat; and Sergio Zelaya, UNCCD Secretariat.
1 1 1
1
1
1 1 1

 

Energy & Climate Policy: Latest Analyses from the IEA

Presented by the International Energy Agency (IEA)

Philippe Benoit, IEA, characterized the challenge ahead as one of “fundamental radical change.”

Ellina Levina, IEA, said that widespread deployment of CCS is essential for a number of carbon-intensive industries for which other options do not exist.

Antonia Gawel, IEA, noted that a 2.7% annual improvement in industrial energy efficiency is needed to keep warming within 2°C, in contrast to the 1.6% annual average over the last decade.

Philippe Benoit, IEA, led a panel on several recent and forthcoming IEA energy analyses. Topics included: carbon pricing; renewable energy innovation; and trends in carbon capture and storage (CCS). Benoit said the analyses show that a clean energy future is possible, but the growing deviation between potential and reality are making that future increasingly expensive to achieve.

Richard Baron, IEA, said that carbon pricing is necessary, but not sufficient. He explained that market mechanisms can help reduce emissions at the least possible cost, but are unlikely to reach sufficient levels to stimulate the necessary innovation in renewable energy and CCS. Baron also previewed the China Electricity Report, which highlights policy innovations in seven province and city-level carbon markets, among other issues.

Antonia Gawel, IEA, presented an update of the recent Tracking Clean Energy Progress Report and the Energy Technology Perspectives Report 2012, to be released in June. She said that the rate of development and deployment of nearly all carbon mitigation technologies is insufficient to achieve the target of limiting warming to 2°C. Gawel said that investments are often conflated with costs, yet investments are far more cost-effective than inaction in the long term. She added that the policy challenge is balancing costs and benefits in the short term.

Ellina Levina, IEA, said that CCS has the greatest potential of any mitigation activity yet also faces the greatest barriers, including: insufficient investment; expensive site assessment; weak policy drivers; and a poor public image. Levina reported that half of CCS reductions will need to take place in the developing countries in order to meet global emission targets, with one-third in China alone.

Discussions explored the effect of lifestyle choices on energy use, the policy relevance of energy scenarios and public safety concerns over CCS.

.
L-R: Richard Baron, IEA; Philippe Benoit, IEA; Antonia Gawel, IEA; and Ellina Levina, IEA.
1 1 1
1
More Information:

http://www.iea.org

Contacts:

Jenny Gell (Coordinator) jenny.gell@iea.org
Philippe Benoit (Chair) philippe.benoit@iea.org

1
1 1 1

Experience Sharing on How to Set National Emissions Baselines in Developing Countries

Presented by the Danish Energy Agency (DEA), the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and UNEP

Ulla Blatt Bendtsen, DEA, defined the importance of baselines as they impact future scenarios and are difficult to develop with accuracy.

Tran Thuc, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Vietnam, was one of the original members of the initiative starting in 2011.

Andrew Prag, OECD, stated that measuring emissions is different than measuring emission reduction.

Moderator Ulla Blatt Bendtsen, DEA, recounted, in collaboration with UNEP and OECD, the creation of the workstream to collect and publish good practices in national emission baseline development. She referenced the lack of international guidelines on GHG emissions projects in non-Annex I countries, explaining the difficulty in comparability due to varied methodologies.

Andrew Prag, OECD, reiterated the significance of baselines, reviewing the impact they have on mitigation goals. He shared examples from developed and developing countries, illustrating the variability of results depending on assumptions and modeling techniques.

Liu Qiang, Energy Research Institute (ERI), China, shared challenges in defining China’s baselines due to the many sectors with different characteristics, technologies, and environmental impacts, in addition to regional differences. He said consultation with experts helped overcome the challenge of collecting accurate data and choosing the best methodologies.

Dominique Revet, UNFCCC Secretariat, provided insight to the existing guidelines for reporting by non-Annex I parties. He outlined the National Communications Guidelines, the new Biennial Update Report (BUR) and the Sixth Compilation and Synthesis 2005, acknowledging challenges caused by the general language used. He said minimum guidelines should not be viewed as limiting additional transparency.

Tran Thuc, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Vietnam, introduced the experience of Vietnam in developing a national GHG inventory, pointing out baseline challenges, inter alia: inadequate data; slow data collection; inconsistent validation and verification; incomplete data; and incomplete emission factors.

Sudhir Sharma, UNEP, outlined the structure of the planned publication, which will include case studies from China, Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand, India, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Africa and Mexico. The publication is expected to highlight technical issues and key lessons learned in the development of national baselines.

.
L-R: Liu Qiang, ERI, China; Than Thuc, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Vietnam; Ulla Blatt Bendtsen, DEA; Dominique Revet, UNFCCC Secretariat; Andrew Prag, OECD; and Sudhir Sharma, UNEP
1 1 1
1
More Information:

http://www.uneprisoe.org
http://www.ens.dk http://www.oecd.org/env/cc/ccxg

Contacts:

Peter Larsen (Coordinator) pla@ens.dk
Ulla Blatt Bendtsen (Moderator) ubb@ens.dk

1
1 1 1

CLIMATE-ADAPT: European Climate Adaptation Platform

Presented by the European Commission

.
Matteo Rini, European Commission, highlighted the nine sectors currently included in the website, including agriculture and forestry, finance and health, and explained the addition of other sectors, such as migration, is planned.
.
Sergio Castellari, EEA, explained the “cascade of uncertainty” decision-makers face when developing adaptation policy.

The event provided a live demonstration of European Climate Adaptation Platform (CLIMATE-ADAPT), an online tool supporting the development of adaptation measures at the EU, national, regional and local levels.

Cornelia Jäger, European Commission, introduced CLIMATE-ADAPT, which fulfills the recommendations of the 2009 White Paper on Adaptation regarding filling knowledge gaps and improving information dissemination. She stated there are four objectives: building a solid knowledge base; mainstreaming adaptation into EU policies; employing a combination of policy instruments; and increasing international development.

Matteo Rini, European Commission, explained that the target audience is policymakers, not the general public or scientific community. He walked the audience through the Platform, including four tools on: adaptation support; case studies; country specific policy; and content sharing. He explained that the adaptation support tool provides guidance through a policy cycle, from identifying adaptation risks and vulnerabilities to monitoring and evaluation. Rini demonstrated an interactive map to help users identify climate change risks in their region. He displayed how the case study search identifies case studies regarding similar adaptation concerns and regions expected to experience similar effects of climate change. In addition to the tools, Rini illustrated the Platform’s ability to provide sector-specific information and a searchable database of resources.

Sergio Castellari, European Environment Agency (EEA), explained the Platform’s uncertainty guidance, including how to define, identify, and include uncertainty in adaptation policy. Castellari directed attention to the EEA Topic Centre for climate change, vulnerability and adaptation, which is supported by a group of 30 experts who will help ensure the quality of the data users share on CLIMATE-ADAPT. He underscored the value of the Platform for cities to learn from the experience of others who have developed and implemented adaptation policies.

In the following discussion, participants expressed enthusiasm for CLIMATE-ADAPT and its links to extensive sources of existing information. Participants provided the panel members with ideas to disseminate the website and encourage users to contribute information.

1 1 1
1
More Information:

http://climate-adapt.eea.europa.eu/

Contacts:

Bianca Neagu (Coordinator) bianca.neagu@ec.europa.eu

1
1 1 1
Daily web coverage (click on the following links to see our daily web pages)
up to top
Related Links
UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) resources
*Conference website
*Conference overview schedule
*Conference daily programme
*Conference documents
*Conference workshops
*Conference side events
*Conference exhibits

General resource
*Gateway to the UN System’s Work on Climate Change

IISD RS resources
*IISD RS coverage of the Fifth Global Business Day, 5 December 2011, Durban, South Africa
*IISD RS coverage of Mountain Day, 4 December 2011, Durban, South Africa
*IISD RS coverage of Forest Day 5, 4 December 2011, Durban, South Africa
*IISD RS coverage of Oceans Day at Durban, 3 December 2011, Durban, South Africa
*IISD RS coverage of Development and Climate Days at COP 17, 3-4 December 2011, Durban, South Africa
*IISD RS coverage of the Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011, 28 November - 11 December 2011, Durban, South Africa
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011, 28 November - 9 December 2011, Durban, South Africa
*IISD RS summary report of the Thirty-fourth Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 18-19 November 2011, Kampala, Uganda (English: HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the UN Climate Change Conference October 2011, 1-7 October 2011, Panama City, Panama
*IISD RS briefing note of the 4th Meeting of the Transitional Committee for the Design of the Green Climate Fund (GCF), 16-18 October 2011, Cape Town, South Africa (HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the UN Climate Change Conference June 2011, 6-17 June 2011, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS summary report of the UNFCCC Workshop on Technology Needs Assessments, 1-2 June 2011, Bonn, Germany (English: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Thirty-third Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 10-13 May 2011, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (English: HTML - PDF) (French: HTML - PDF) (Spanish: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the UN Climate Change Conference Bangkok - April 2011, 3-8 April 2011, UN Conference Centre (UNCC), Bangkok, Thailand
*IISD RS coverage of the Cancún Climate Change Conference, 29 November - 11 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Cancún Climate Change Conference, 29 November - 10 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico
*IISD RS coverage of Cancún Global Business Day, 6 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico
*IISD RS summary report of Development and Climate Days at COP 16, 4-5 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico (HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS summary report of Agriculture and Rural Development Day 2010, 4 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico (HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS summary report of Oceans Day at Cancún, 4 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico (HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Thirty-second Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 11-14 October 2010, Busan, Republic of Korea (English: HTML - PDF) (French: HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the Tianjin Climate Change Talks - October 2010, 4-9 October 2010, Tianjin, China
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - August 2010, 2-6 August 2010, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - May/June 2010, 31 May - 11 June 2010, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - April 2010, 9-11 April 2010, Bonn, Germany (English: HTML - PDF) (French: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference, 7-19 December 2009, Copenhagen, Denmark
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference, 7-19 December 2009, Copenhagen, Denmark
*IISD RS coverage of the Barcelona Climate Change Talks 2009, 2-6 November 2009, Barcelona, Spain
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Barcelona Climate Change Talks 2009, 2-6 November 2009, Barcelona, Spain
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Thirty-first Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 26-29 October 2009, Bali, Indonesia (English: HTML - PDF) (Spanish: HTML - PDF) (French: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Technical Workshop on Advancing the Integration of Approaches to Adaptation Planning, 2-14 October 2009, UN Conference Centre (UNCC), Bangkok, Thailand
*IISD RS coverage of the Bangkok Climate Change Talks - 2009, 28 September - 9 October 2009, UNCC, Bangkok, Thailand
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - August 2009, 10-14 August 2009, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - June 2009, 1-12 June 2009, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Bonn Climate Change Talks - June 2009, 1-12 June 2009, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Thirtieth Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 21-23 April 2009, Antalya, Turkey (English: HTML - PDF) (Spanish: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - March/April 2009, 29 March - 8 April 2009, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS summary report of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Workshop on Integrating Practices, Tools and Systems for Climate Risk Assessment and Management and Disaster Risk Reduction Strategies into National Policies and Programmes, 10-12 March 2009, Havana, Cuba (HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the UN Climate Change Conference - Poznań, 1-12 December 2008, Poznań, Poland
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Poznań Climate Change Conference, 1-12 December 2008, Poznań, Poland
*IISD RS archive of meetings on climate change, and backgrounder
*Climate-L - A mailing list for news on climate change policy
*Climate Change Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of UN and Intergovernmental Activities Addressing Global Climate Change Policy
*Sustainable Development Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of International Activities Preparing for the UN Conference on Sustainable Development
*Sustainable Energy Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of Sustainable Energy Activities
*SIDS Policy and Practice - A Knowledgebase on the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States
*Biodiversity Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of UN and Intergovernmental Activities Addressing International Biodiversity Policy
*Linkages Update - Bi-weekly international environment and sustainable development news
*African Regional Coverage
*Latin America and Caribbean Regional Coverage
View HTML version E-mail the Digital Editor should you have any questions regarding the content of this page
| Back to IISD RS "Linkages" | Visit IISDnet | Send e-mail to IISD RS |
© 2012
, IISD. All rights reserved.