Twenty-Fourth sessions of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) and the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI) of the UNFCCC and First session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Further Commitments for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol (AWG) and related meetings

15-26 May 2006 | Bonn, Germany

Earth Negotiations Bulletin - ENB

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Highlights for Tuesday, 16 May 2006
 

Photo: Richard Kinley, Officer-in-Charge, UNFCCC Secretariat, Halldor Thorgeirsson Deputy Executive Secretary

 

Daily web coverage:
15 May - 16 May - 17 May - 18 May - 19 May - 20 May - 22 May - 23 May - 24 May - 25 May - 26 May

 

The twenty-fourth sessions of the Subsidiary Bodies (SB 24) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) are taking place from 18-26 May 2005, at the Maritim Hotel in Bonn, Germany. SB 24 will follow a UNFCCC "Dialogue on long-term cooperative action to address climate change by enhancing implementation of the Convention," being held from 15-16 May. In addition, the first session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Further Commitments for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol will take place in parallel with SB 24, from 17-25 May. Both the UNFCCC Dialogue and the Ad Hoc Working Group under the Kyoto Protocol are being held as a result of decisions taken during the eleventh Conference of the Parties (COP 11) to the UNFCCC and first Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (COP/MOP 1) in Montreal in late 2005. At COP 11 and COP/MOP 1, delegates adopted a number of decisions to engage in discussions for considering a framework for the post-2012 period (when the Kyoto Protocol's first commitment period ends) and long-term cooperative action on climate change.

At SB 24, the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI) will take up such issues as national communications, financial and administrative matters, capacity building, and amendment of the Protocol in relation to the compliance mechanism. The Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) will consider a range of issues, including the five-year work programme on adaptation, mitigation, technology transfer, reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries, and a range of methodological issues under both the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol. Both SBI and SBSTA are expected to produce a number of draft decisions to be forwarded to COP 12 and COP/MOP 2, which will take place in November 2006 in Nairobi, Kenya. More information.

Dialogue on long-term cooperative action to address climate change by enhancing implementation of the Convention
 
 
Richard Kinley, Officer-in-Charge, UNFCCC Secretariat, and Halldor Thorgeirsson, UNFCCC Secretariat (left), and Co-Facilitators Sandea de Wet, South Africa, Howard Bamsey, Australia (right)
 
 
On Tuesday morning, Co-Facilitator Bamsey opened the meeting, emphasizing that the previous day's discussions had been valuable. He noted that the workshop agenda also referred to an exchange of views and ideas on how to enable parties to continue developing appropriate national and international responses to climate change, promote research and investment, support action put forward voluntarily by developing countries, and promote access by developing countries to cleaner technologies and technologies for adaptation.
 

 
Surya Sethi, Planning Commission, India, gave a presentation on energy trends and options for developing countries. He noted the relationship between energy consumption per capita and the human development index (HDI). He underscored that India is not following what he called the “fuelish” path of developed countries. He also stressed technology transfer of clean technologies and the Asia-Pacific partnership (AP6). He said carbon savings from nuclear technology and hydropower storage should be tradable.
 
 
 
Brazil (left) highlighted the potential of biofuels to mitigate climate change, and urged a new paradigm to make South-South cooperation effective. Noting the unwillingness to change lifestyles, the Republic of Korea (right) stressed the future role of technology and the need for technology policies. He noted existing technology cooperation initiatives outside the UNFCCC and said the Convention should provide an opportunity for those initiatives to be presented and linked to the convention.
 
Egypt noted that mitigation efforts in developing countries are receiving more support than adaptation measures through CDM. Keith Christi, Canada (right), called for better deployment of existing technologies and aggressive diffusion and demonstration of innovative technologies. He noted innovative approaches for international cooperation, such as those that are sectoral or intensity-based. 
 
 
Bernarditas Mueller, Philippines, said donors should not place conditions on funding, particularly for adaptation, and urged innovative mechanisms for financing adaptation. Artur Runge-Metzger, European Commission, stressed the role of the private sector, noting that the total value of the global carbon market in 2005 was many times greater than government funding for the GEF. He stressed the importance of a global carbon market with a sound legislative and regulatory framework and long-term certainty.
 
 
Philip Gwage, Uganda, stated that all the issues being taken up in the Dialogue eventually come down to technology, and expressed concerns that a market approach could further exacerbate the imbalance among attention given to different developing countries. Papua New Guinea outlined its proposal to replace perverse incentives for deforestation with positive incentives to avoid deforestation by valuing ecosystem services and reforming commodity pricing. He urged flexible incentives for North-South and South-South relations.

 

Co-Facilitators meet with observers (left) and the Russian Federation (right) noted lack of scientific certainty relating to climate systems, the value of reliable data, and the critical importance of technology transfer.
 
 
Enele Sopoaga, Tuvalu (left), noted discussions on the same issues at CSD 14, and stressed the need for direct linkages between climate change and sustainable development. He underscored the need to recognize the Mauritius Strategy and said that savings from home-grown technologies will help to cope with adaptation costs. Khalid Mohammed Abuleif, Saudi Arabia, stated that the UNFCCC, which is a “framework” treaty, could be built on but that its basic principles should not change. He urged solidarity from Annex I parties to meet their commitments.
 
Delegates from Kazakhstan and Japan; During the dialogue, Kazakhstan said adaptation measures are vital. Noting that many bilateral technology transfer activities are not conducted through UNFCCC, Japan said future discussions should consider broader issues in examining implementation.
Statements by Observer Organizations
 
 
Mozaharul Alam, Bangladesh Center for Advanced Studies, Climate Action Network, speaking on behalf of Environmental NGOs, underscored the “planetary emergency” climate change presents, noting that the time remaining to address it is rapidly running out. He said the need for agreement on what constitutes dangerous levels of climate change was long overdue. He also underscored the need to expand market mechanisms significantly in order to reduce emissions, noting that deep reduction commitments are required to maintain the carbon market, and that voluntary commitments are simply not adequate.
 
 
Norine Kennedy, International Chamber of Commerce, speaking on behalf of Business and Industry, said business expects consistent, coherent, long-term policies that provide markets with the necessary signals to undertake investments. She said policy should be flexible to accommodate new scientific evidence and correct unintended consequences of previous policies. She added that long-term action should pursue voluntary and market-oriented approaches and address capital markets, stimulate research and development and capacity building, particularly in developing countries. She also called for the promotion of public-private partnerships and welcomed the G8 and Asia-Pacific Partnerships.
 
 

Guidance on the Organization of Future Workshops

 
 
 

Harlan Watson, US (left), suggested devoting half-a-day to each of the four items, with a presentation leading each item. He said the co-facilitators could prepare questions that capture the current discussion and circulate them among Parties well in advance of the next Dialogue. Jose Romero, Switzerland (right), said the second workshop should be as focused as possible and concentrate on technical or practical activities. He suggested that the co-facilitators should provide a document by the end of August 2006.

 
Miscellaneous Photos
 
 
 
 
 
 

Daily web coverage:
15 May - 16 May - 17 May - 18 May - 19 May - 20 May - 22 May - 23 May - 24 May - 25 May - 26 May

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Related links
UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
SB-24 Information and Documents
Kyoto Protocol information
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
UNEP Ozone Secretariat
Ozone Secretariat

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