National Strategy Studies
Presented by the World Bank in collaboration with the World Business Council for Sustainble Development (WBCSD)
Martin Enderlin, Switzerland, introduced the National Strategy Studies (NSS) programme, aimed at assisting capacity development, policy formulation and institutional building. He highlighted capacity building as a prerequisite for the successful implementation of the Kyoto Protocol offset mechanisms.
Kjell Ören, WBCSD, emphasized the role of the private sector in implementing the CDM, and stressed the need for clear, transparent frameworks at the national and international levels.
Peter Kalas, World Bank, called for a shift from capacity-building needs assessment to the identification of ways to implement capacity-building programmes. He noted that the NSS draws upon, inter alia, a high level of local expertise and domestic surveys.
Anne Arquit Niederberger, Policy Solutions, outlined the aim, context and methodology of a workshop on capacity building for the Kyoto Protocol held in September 2002. She stressed the need for capacity building to properly implement the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol, participate in their evolution, and take advantage of the Kyoto Protocol mechanisms. She explained that the workshop addressed: information on countries' readiness to engage in Kyoto Protocol mechanisms; assessment of capacity-building needs; and the design and implementation of capacity-building programmes.
Mohan Munasinghe, Munasinghe Institute for Development, said the workshop's working group on institutional prerequisites for the CDM in non-Annex I countries focused on: linkages between climate change and sustainable development; procedural rules and stakeholder participation; capacity-building needs; and resource mobilization.
Peter Kalas, World Bank, outlined the recommendations of the working group on institutional prerequisites for economies in transition, including the need to: choose between joint implementation (JI) or emissions trading; formulate national capacity-building strategies; build upon national expertise; establish JI regional centres; create partnerships for disseminating information; and integrate capacity building for implementation of the Kyoto Protocol into relevant national policies.
Eduardo Dopazo, World Bank, reported on the working group on ways to generate viable CDM projects. He said key issues include: generating viable CDM projects to develop further projects; fostering partnerships; training and awareness-raising initiatives for all stakeholders; building capacity on project transaction costs; and addressing uncertainties about carbon markets.
Thomas Black-Arbeláez, Andean Centre for Economics in the Environment, outlined the main findings of the working group on benefit maximization from carbon markets for host countries. He stressed the need for capacity building on total values of CER flows, CDM costs, legal and contractual instruments, negotiation models, and CDM benefits.
Peter Kalas, World Bank, said the conclusions of the workshop stressed the need to: develop awareness of the risks and opportunities arising from the Kyoto Protocol mechanisms; assess commonalities and disseminate information on CDM and JI experiences; mobilize financial resources; promote partnerships; and democratize capacity building for implementing the Kyoto Protocol through, inter alia, sectoral policy integration.