National Strategy Studies
Presented by the Swiss delegation and the World Bank
Beat Nobbs, Swiss Agency for the Environment, Forests and Landscape, highlighted that the National Strategy Studies (NSS) is a collaborative initiative between Switzerland and the World Bank that aims to provide capacity building assistance to Joint Implementation and Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) host countries.
Peter Kalas, World Bank, noted that NSS projects have recently been completed in Thailand and Egypt, other studies in Chile, Peru, China, Uruguay and India will be completed within the year, and new studies may soon be started in Sri Lanka, Papua New Guinea, and some Pacific Islands. He stressed the importance of building partnerships and promoting strong south-south and east-east dialogues.
Jürg Grütter, Grütter Consulting, described the most recent version of Carbon Emission Reduction Trade (CERT), a computational framework for presenting and analyzing the greenhouse gas offset trading market. He explained that CERT is a partial equilibrium model, that market regulations can be fixed through parameters, and that new options have been added to CERT, including supplementarity, transaction costs and implementation rates.
Jessica Simmonds, South Africa, emphasized that there are ample options for low-cost carbon reduction projects in South Africa. She said that the objectives for the NSS in South Africa included increasing the understanding of the risks and potential of CDM projects, identifying necessary institutional arrangements, and raising awareness among stakeholders.
Upik Wasrin, Indonesia, highlighted the development of a portfolio of potential Indonesian land use, land use change and forestry projects. She explained that the selection criteria include the: presence of local institutions and organizations; commitment of local government; presence of stakeholders networks; biophysical factors including the occurrence of critical lands; and minimum social conflicts. She called for a new definition of "forests" applicable under the CDM.
Nguyen Hieu, Vietnam, said the greenhouse gas market potential in Vietnam is small and accounts for only 0.75% of non-Annex I export revenues. He noted the need for reduced transaction costs to improve competitiveness, and for criteria for additionality and sustainability.
Amin Omar, Egypt, underscored that Egypt has a large potential for CDM projects, and that the country should develop efficient, transparent and strong criteria and institutions for the marketing, approval and control of CDM projects.