of a decision on AIJ emerge :
outline of a decision on the future of the pilot phase of Activities Implemented
Jointly (AIJ) emerged at a meeting of a contact group chaired by Yvo de
Boer, Deputy Director of Air and Energy at the Netherlands' Ministry of
Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment. In his draft decision,
Mr.de Boer provides for a number of options, including:
- a continuation
of the AIJ pilot phase
- a provision to
address the progression beyond this at COP-6
- the possibility
that criteria for determining the eligibility of activities implemented
jointly under the pilot phase under Articles 6 and 12 of the Kyoto Protocol
may be established by COP-6, through a decision on principles, modalities,
rules and guidelines governing these mechanisms.
our RealAudio presentation, De Boer outlines the rationale for his draft
decision in an interview with Peter Doran.
1 | Part
2 | Part
European Union has also tabled a draft decision. The Union's representative
said de Boer's draft contained a number of useful elements. His preference
was to stop the pilot phase now and start an 'AIJ phase' thus situating
the instrument entirely within the Convention. He expressed concern that
funds for projects will be lost without a decision indicating that the
AIJ is to continue. The EU is also seeking to make a distinction between
the AIJ pilot phase and the AIJ phase as such. For the pilot phase there
would be no credits. In the AIJ phase there could be crediting, with a
decision taken by those considering the Kyoto Protocol mechanisms in the
de Boer suggested that he could amend his draft decision, inserting text
indicating a decision to stop the AIJ pilot phase, and deciding to start
the AIJ under the provisions of the UNFCCC and with a view to capacity
building. In another paragraph, he could introduce an amendment indicating
that any decision on crediting should be left to the negotiators dealing
with the Kyoto mechanisms.
expressed concern that the Parties were creating a whole new mechanism
for crediting with less stringent rules than those to be applied to the
Kyoto Protocol mechanisms.
decision finalised by joint contact group on Annex-1 national communications
The joint contact group working
on national communications from Annex-1 Parties completed its work on
a draft decision for consideration by SBI and SBSTA. The draft decision
notes that the revised guidelines for the preparation of national communications
by Annex-l Parties need to be updated to improve the transparency, consistency,
comparability, completeness and accuracy of the information reported.
It decides that Annex l Parties should use Part II of the UNFCCC reporting
guidelines for the preparation of their third national communications
due by 30 November 2001, in accordance with decision 11/CP.4. Annex l
Parties are asked to provide a detailed report on their activities in
relation to systematic observation and urges those Parties that have not
submitted their first or second national communication to do so as soon
Bodies Progress Report
With one day of negotiations
remaining this week, the Chairs of a number of contact groups submitted
progress reports to a joint session of the Subsidiary Bodies Friday evening.
Here is a summary of progress to date:
- On adverse effects,
Parties have discussed the need for another workshop and a process for
further information gathering, assessment and decision-making. The Co-Chairs
of the joint contact group distributed a draft decision in the evening.
- On compliance,
"considerable progress" has been reported with the establishment of
some common ground.
- On AIJ, Parties
discussed the possible continuation of AIJ and what form this might
take. The question of a uniform reporting format had been set aside
for the moment. A draft decision was circulated in the evening.
- On mechanisms,
Parties have identified a number of areas of convergence and divergence.
A draft Chairs' conclusion has been circulated to regional co-ordinators.
The draft requests the SBSTA and SBI Chairs to revise their synthesis
document to reflect new proposals and consolidate these with a view
to preparing a draft negotiating text. The draft decision also requests
the Chairs to convene intersessional meetings/workshops drawing on technical
- On capacity building,
the G-77/China has submitted a constructive proposal and Parties have
been conducting further discussion on the basis of a Co-Chairs' revision.
The group is mindful of the need to work closely with other contact
groups to address overlaps.
for an extraordinary intersessional meeting on mechanisms:
joint contact group assigned to examine the Kyoto mechanisms, under the
chairmanship of Kow Kee Chow [right], has completed its first round of
'brain storming' based on a synthesis document integrating proposals from
the Parties. The document brings together proposals on principles, modalities,
rules and guidelines for the operation of the CDM, Joint Implementation
and Emissions Trading.
During discussions on progressing the negotiations and plans for a technical
meeting of experts on the mechanisms next year, some G-77 countries resisted
the suggestion that technical issues could be separated from political
negotiations and supported a more substantive intersessional meeting.
Chow reminded Parties that such an extraordinary meeting would require
a decision by the COP and consideration of the budgetary implications.
He preferred an intersessional meeting that would help with preparations
for the scheduled intersessional meetings of the UNFCCC subsidiary bodies.
In his attempt to question the distinction between technical and political
meetings, the delegate from China reminded colleagues about the fate of
the "premature negotiating" text on voluntary commitments presented by
COP-3 Chair, Raul Estrada. He recalled a Chinese proverb: experience,
if not forgotten, can be a guide to the future.
consider two sessions for subsidiary bodies before COP-6:
With a heavy and complex workload
during the next intersessional period, some Parties are examining the
possibility of convening two sessions of the subsidiary bodies before
the next COP. There is support within some Annex l countries for sessions
of the subsidiary bodies held back to back with technical workshops in
the Spring and Summer. A number of important ministerial meetings will
also be used to drive the process, including a meeting at the UN Commission
on Sustainable Development and at the G-8 meeting of environment ministers.
Chair Chow consults with
SBSTA Chair Harald Dovland [center] and SBI Chair John Ashe [right].
SBI Chair John Ashe and
SBSTA Chair Harald Dovland meet with environmental groups, business
and industry organizations and representatives of local government
and municipal authorities.
Local government and municipal
Business and industry organization
Union Press Briefing
Satu Nurmi, Finland, speaking
for the EU at the press conference.
Presidency of the European Union has identified the pilot phase
of Activities Implemented Jointly as one of the most crucial facing
COP-5. A decision on the future of AIJ is required before the end
of the year if projects are to continue.
Jos Delbeke, European Community
States Press Briefing
During a US press briefing,
Mark Hambley, Deputy Assistant Secretary, US State Department, said
the US was pleased with progress made thus far at COP-5, highlighting
in particular work done on the synthesis report on mechanisms. He
also noted progress on compliance, capacity-building and sinks.
Considerable progress was
reported by the Co-Chair of the of the Joint Contact Group on compliance,
Harald Dovland, when he reported to a joint meeting of the subsidiary
bodies Friday evening. He said common ground had been established.
Co-Chairs of the Joint Working Group on Compliance Harald Dovland
and Espen R�nneberg
Daisuke Matsunaga, Japan,
said the costs of not complying with the Protocol should be lower
than those resulting from withdrawl from the Protocol
Protocol On the relationship
between the compliance system and Article 19, Patrick Szell, UK (on
the right), highlighted the need to determine whether the compliance
system or the dispute settlement process would take precedence where
the two were in action simultaneously.
Jos� Romero, Switzerland,
supported the imposition of financial penalties as a last resort
Thomas Kuokkanen, Finland
on behalf of the EU, said that the consequences of non-compliance
should take into account the cause, type, degree and frequency of
Juliette Voinov, ENB, speaks
with the Australian delegate regarding Australia's preliminary thoughts
on a compliance procedure. Australia said the Party concerned should
have the option to choose from a menu of consequences.
Contact Group on AIJ
Yvo de Boer, Netherlands,
AIJ contact group chair
Mohammad Reza Salamat, Iran,
Co-Chair of the contact group on Articles 4.8 and 4.9, and Kok Kee
Chow, Malaysia, Chair of the mechanisms contact group
Contact Group on Capacity Building
Janos Pasztor (right), UNFCCC
Secretariat, introduces a draft proposal for a joint project on capacity-building
for developing countries for the CDM. The draft project proposal is
contained in document FCCC/SBSTA/1999/INF.8/Add.1.
Harald Dovland and Michel
Zammit Cutajar after the evening Plenary session
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