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Coverage of Selected Side Events at the Warsaw Climate Change Conference - November 2013

11-22 November 2013 | Warsaw, Poland


Side Events (ENBOTS) Coverage on Friday, 22 November 2013
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Participants asking questions during the IRENA side event on
“The Role of Renewables in Global GHG Mitigation by 2030.”

The following side events were covered by ENBOTS on Friday, 22 November 2013.

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The Role of Renewables in Global GHG Mitigation by 2030

Presented by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Dolf Gielen, IRENA, said that the overall share of RE has remained quite flat, albeit some sources grew exponentially, underscoring that half of the new electricity generation capacity worldwide is based on RE.
Franck Jesus, the GEF Secretariat, underscored the catalytic, innovative and cost-effective role of the GEF as an operating entity of the financial mechanism of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), pointing out future steps to further develop RE.

This session, moderated by Dolf Gielen, IRENA, focused on the role of renewables in global GHG mitigation and the potential to further strengthen this role.

Gielen introduced the panel and presented on the Global Renewable Energy Roadmap (REMAP 2030), an ongoing IRENA project. He addressed the mission, scope and mandate of IRENA, stressing that in 2010, renewable energy (RE) accounted for 18% of total final energy consumption globally. He reported key findings of the REMAP 2030 project, inter alia: it is feasible to double the share of RE at roughly zero net cost; there are important benefits in terms of health and GHG mitigation; biomass is an important factor; and there is more to be done to promote RE in end use sectors.

Magdalena Preve, Ministry of Housing, Land Planning and the Environment, Uruguay, discussed the significant contribution of RE to the primary energy and power generation mix in Uruguay and focused on the role of renewables in Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs). She referred to specific NAMA projects, inter alia: construction of a liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal with regasification capacity of 10,000,000 m3/d of natural gas; promotion of RE participation in the Uruguayan primary energy mix; and introduction of solar photovoltaic (PV) energy.

Franck Jesus, the Global Environment Facility (GEF) Secretariat, said that to develop RE further, we should: solve “higher capital costs”; reduce investment risks; reduce the need and cost of a price premium; remember off-grid challenges; and focus on quality, standardization and capacity building. He further underscored: the role of innovative, transformational technologies; measures and mechanisms to accelerate the uptake of mitigation technologies; and the integration of RE within broader challenges.

Mark Radka, UN Environment Programme (UNEP), stressed that development in the RE sector can provide a sense of enthusiasm, well needed in the negotiations, and underscored the importance of credible evidence. He said more countries should have NAMAs on RE and addressed the role of RE to bridge the emissions gap. He said there are still great opportunities to reduce emissions, pointing to heating applications and asking for good practices and policies to be disseminated.

In the ensuing discussion, participants posed questions on, inter alia: the average incremental cost of substitution; transmission and storage costs; IRENA’s positioning in relation to other energy-related institutions; measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) of NAMAs; risk tolerance in terms of innovative technologies; and integration of RE within broader challenges.

Referring to reaping multiple benefits and avoiding new problems, Mark Radka, UNEP, noted “there is much space for optimism, but let us be sensible about it.”
Magdalena Preve, Ministry of Housing, Land Planning and the Environment, Uruguay, highlighted RE-related recognition NAMAs, as well as NAMAs seeking support for implementation and preparation in Uruguay.
More Information:

www.irena.org

Contacts:

Stephanie Roesch (Coordinator)
sroesch@irena.org




Europe Adapting to Climate Change

Presented by the European Environment Agency (EEA), and European Commission (EC), Directorate-General for Climate Action (DG-Climate Action)
Hans Bruyninckx, Executive Director, EEA, stressed “if you want a serious adaptation strategy, you will have to rely on local initiatives.”
André Jol, EEA, summarized key messages for adaptation in Europe, including that, on strategy development, 17 of 33 countries have adopted national adaptation strategies.
Concerning investment in climate change adaptation projects, Nancy Saich, EIB, underscored the need for vulnerability assessments, without which financial support may be directed to the wrong sectors.

André Jol, EEA, introduced the event and moderated the session.

Hans Bruyninckx, Executive Director, EEA, highlighted that over recent years, climate change adaptation has received growing attention at the international and European scale resulting in a number of key reports and strategies. He noted that vulnerability to climate change varies across the European continent and in different sectors, pointing to focused adaptation strategies, such as in the water sector, regional strategies, and the need for continued modeling.

Explaining the purpose of an EU Adaptation Strategy, Jol noted the need to: work across borders and boundaries; develop European competence in specific policy areas; build solidarity within Europe; and provide funding for climate-related expenditures. He highlighted the Adaptation Strategy’s three objectives: to promote actions by member states; to facilitate informed decision-making; and to support vulnerable sectors. Jol pointed to several EEA reports on the subject, inter alia, the “Adaptation in Europe Report” and the “Climate Change, Impacts and Vulnerability in Europe 2012 Report.” Showcasing the European Climate Adaptation Platform, Jol mentioned it provides a collection of national strategies, an adaptation support tool, cost calculations and specific case studies.

Nancy Saich, European Investment Bank (EIB), introduced the bank, stating that it finances projects within the EU and around the world, while stressing the need to address climate resilience in all projects. She cautioned against “drawing up a list” of what adaptation should include, emphasizing instead the need for context-specific adaptation strategies and for vulnerability and risk assessments in order to see adaptation within a larger system and how different sectors interrelate.

The discussion addressed: the interactive stakeholder process conducted to develop the EU Climate Adaptation Strategy via a bottom-up and top-down approach; the need for vulnerability and risk assessments in specific sectors, such as energy; translation of EEA adaptation resources into the various EU languages; the need to act, even in the face of scientific uncertainty; cautions against perceiving the insurance industry as a silver bullet to solve problems; dialogue with local experts; and the relationship with mitigation efforts, because adaptation in a 4°C world will provide greater challenges.

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Panel (L-R): André Jol, EEA; Hans Bruyninckx, Executive Director, EEA; and Nancy Saich, EIB.
More Information:

http://climate-adapt.eea.europa.eu/

Contacts:

Andre Jol (Coordinator)
andre.jol@eea.europa.eu




Beyond Technology Transfer:
Insights for the TM from Low-Carbon Energy Policy Research


Presented by the University of Sussex, UK, and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (Zurich ETH)
Joern Huenteler, ETH Zurich, presented the case of solar PV in Thailand, saying it demonstrates that substantial local knowledge is required, in particular for construction, regulation and project development, and for local operators this was the first solar PV project that they had undertaken.
Shikha Bhasin, DIE/GDI, underscored that the TM presently has almost no participation of the private sector, saying the space to involve and invoke interest of not just major companies but small- and medium-scale companies is necessary.
Rob Byrne, University of Sussex, UK, said Lighting Africa intervened and tried to build a market for bottom-end lighting solutions through product testing, quality assurance, identification of policy constraints, awareness raising, development of a product test labs, capacity building, and construction of networks of actors in Kenya and globally.

Oliver Johnson, Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), moderated the panel. Jules Williams, UNFCCC Secretariat, provided an overview of the NAMA Registry. He said the Registry has the potential to capture information on which countries are requesting how much support and for which mitigation technologies, noting that data is currently limited as the Registry is only one month out of the prototype phase.

Joern Huenteler, ETH Zurich, highlighted that implementation in developing countries presents challenges resulting from the need to integrate local knowledge into deployment. He said lessons learned include: substantial local knowledge is needed even in the case of globally traded technologies; the relative importance differs between technologies and is especially important for decentralized solutions; and knowledge needs could be integrated into ongoing processes of developing technology roadmaps.

Ambuj Sagar, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi, India, told the story of the Bureau of Energy Efficiency in India. He noted lessons, including the importance of institutions taking a systems level approach to identify the gaps and barriers to innovation. He said the TM should construct a distributed network of institutions that are able to take on this coordinating function.

Martin Krause, UN Development Programme (UNDP), said a narrow focus on technologies does not result in the scale of investment required, emphasizing the importance of capacity development at individual, institutional and systemic levels. On finance, he presented the role of grant financing and feed-in tariffs in de-risking, making investment in RE more attractive, focusing on a case study from Mongolia.

Rob Byrne, University of Sussex, UK, highlighted research on the Kenyan solar PV market, describing the Lighting Africa programme, funded by the International Finance Corporation (IFC), which aims to replace kerosene lamps with electric lights, such as solar lanterns. He highlighted lessons, including the need for multi-stakeholder approaches and patience for: incremental context-specific learning; linkage of projects; and linkage of the supply chain with demand.

Shikha Bhasin, German Development Institute (DIE/GDI), reflected on the presentations, highlighting how to move issues forward under the TM. Saying that developing country Parties that submit requests to the Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN) will have to identify the de-risking elements and gaps in the innovation ecosystem, she stressed that capacity building programmes will be necessary to ensure that countries can conduct systems-level analysis of these issues.

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Panel (L-R): Ambuj Sagar, IIT Delhi, India; Jules Williams, UNFCCC Secretariat; Martin Krause, UNDP; Oliver Johnson, SEI; Rob Byrne, University of Sussex, UK; Shikha Bhasin, DIE/GDI; and Joern Huenteler, ETH Zurich.
More Information:

www.sussex.ac.uk/sussexenergygroup/

www.cepe.ethz.ch/

Contacts:

Rob Byrne (Coordinator)
rpdbyrne@gmail.com




Climate Change Management: A Pathway for Sustainable Development in Malawi

Presented by Malawi and the Institute for Environment and Development Sustainability (IEDS)
Aloysius Kamperewera, Environmental Affairs Department, Malawi, said that “adaptation is no longer an option, it is a must,” emphasizing the link to national development for successful deployment as well as a consultative process to ensure that local voices are heard.
Ralph Kabwaza, Director of Forestry, Malawi, shared intentions, with support and technical assistance, to implement the REDD+ work plan, provide REDD+ study tours and demonstration activities and produce a zero draft strategy.
Halima Alima Daud, Minister of Environment and Climate Change Management, Malawi, clarified that implementation will require additional technical and financial support, welcoming pledges of support.

Yanira Ntupanyama, Ministry of Environment and Climate Change Management, Malawi, opened the session.

Halima Alima Daud, Minister of Environment and Climate Change Management, Malawi, noted that although Malawi only contributes 0.06% of global GHG emissions, the country has developed a roadmap to implement low-carbon pathways to increase resilience of communities, support adaptation and attain the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by lowering emissions by 6% by 2020 in selected sectors: waste; agriculture, forestry and other land uses; and energy. She defined policy framework priorities, including adaptation, mitigation, research, technology development, capacity building and gender, as cross-cutting issues addressed in the following instruments: National Climate Change Policy; National Climate Change Investment Plan (NCCIP); and National Adaptation Programmes of Actions (NAPAs), NAMAs and National Adaptation Plans (NAPs). On looking forward, she highlighted the role of climate change communications to increase public awareness and provide early warning information.

Aloysius Kamperewera, Environmental Affairs Department, Malawi, shared the impacts of climate change and need for adaptation actions in Malawi. Although there is not a single comprehensive policy on implementation, he highlighted the NCCIP to support sectors and stakeholders to harmonize and improve technology transfer and capacity building. He named priority sectors from the NAMAs roadmap: forestry; waste management; and energy.

Ralph Kabwaza, Director of Forestry, Malawi, outlined achievements under the UN Collaborative Programme on REDD+, started in 2012 by Malawi, with assistance from the US Agency for International Development (USAID) and the US Forestry Service (USFS), including: a cross-sectoral and multi-stakeholder governance body; a comprehensive work plan 2013-14; capacity assessments; and a national forestry inventory.

In ensuing discussions, panelists engaged with participants on topics, inter alia: transboundary policies; election of a Designated National Entity (DNE) for the CTCN; and engagement of local communities.

Ben Botolo, Ministry of Economic Planning and Development, Malawi, concluded discussions by reviewing the challenges and successes in Malawi, including on achieving sustainable development, calling for enhanced communication, capacity building, and technology transfer.

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Panel (L-R): Yanira Ntupanyama, Ministry of Environment and Climate Change Management, Malawi; Ben Botolo, Ministry of Economic Planning and Development, Malawi; Evans Davie Njewa, Environmental Affairs Department, Malawi; Aloysius Kamperewera, Environmental Affairs Department, Malawi; Halima Alima Daud, Minister of Environment and Climate Change Management, Malawi; Wilfred Goodwin Lipita, Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security, Malawi; and James Mika Killion Chiusiwa, Department of Disaster Management Affairs, Malawi.
More Information:

www.iied.org

Contacts:

Joachim Kahwa (Coordinator)
kahwajoachim@gmail.com




Related Links
UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) resources

*Side events website

*Schedule of all side events


Resources for the Warsaw Climate Change Conference - November 2013

*Conference website

*Conference overall schedule

*Conference daily programme

*COP 19 website

*CMP 9 website

*SBI 39 website

*SBSTA 39 website

*ADP 2-3 website


General resources

*Host country website

*Gateway to the UN System’s Work on Climate Change


IISD RS resources

*IISD RS summary report of the Thirty-seventh session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC-37), 14-17 October 2013, Batumi, Georgia (English: HTML - PDF) (French: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: HTML - PDF)

*IISD RS coverage of the Twelfth Session of IPCC WGI and IPCC-36, 23-26 September 2013, Stockholm, Sweden

*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Conference - June 2013, 3-14 June 2013, Bonn, Germany

*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Bonn Climate Change Conference - June 2013, 3-13 June 2013, Bonn, Germany

*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Conference - April 2013, 29 April - 3 May 2013, Bonn, Germany

*IISD RS summary report of the UNFCCC Expert Meeting on Technology Roadmaps and Fifth Meeting of the Technology Executive Committee (TEC), 25 and 26-27 March 2013, Bonn, Germany (Technology Roadmaps summary: HTML - PDF) (TEC summary: HTML - PDF)

*IISD RS coverage of the Doha Climate Change Conference - November 2012, 26 November - 8 December 2012, Doha, Qatar

*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Doha Climate Change Conference - November 2012, 26 November - 7 December 2012, Doha, Qatar

*IISD RS coverage of the Bangkok Climate Change Conference - August 2012, 30 August - 5 September 2012, Bangkok, Thailand

*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Conference - May 2012, 14-25 May 2012, Bonn, Germany

*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Bonn Climate Change Conference - May 2012, 14-25 May 2012, Bonn, Germany

*IISD RS coverage of the Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011, 28 November - 11 December 2011, Durban, South Africa

*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011, 28 November - 9 December 2011, Durban, South Africa

*CLIMATE-L - A mailing list for news on climate change policy

*Climate Change Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of UN and Intergovernmental Activities Addressing Global Climate Change Policy

*Linkages Update - Bi-weekly international environment and sustainable development news
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The Earth Negotiations Bulletin on the side (ENBOTS) © <enb@iisd.org> is a special publication of the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD). This issue has been written by Tasha Goldberg, Jennifer Lenhart, Anna Schulz and Asterios Tsioumanis. The Digital Editor is Brad Vincelette. The Editor is Liz Willetts <liz@iisd.org>. The Director of IISD Reporting Services is Langston James “Kimo” Goree VI <kimo@iisd.org>. The opinions expressed in ENBOTS are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of IISD and funders. Excerpts from ENBOTS may be used in non-commercial publications only with appropriate academic citation. For permission to use this material in commercial publications, contact the Director of IISD Reporting Services at <kimo@iisd.org>. Electronic versions of issues of ENBOTS from the Warsaw Climate Change Conference - November 2013 can be found on the Linkages website at http://www.iisd.ca/climate/cop19/enbots/. The ENBOTS Team at the Warsaw Climate Change Conference - November 2013 can be contacted by e-mail at <anna@iisd.org>.

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