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Coverage of Selected Side Events at the Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011

28 November - 9 December 2011 | Durban, South Africa
 
DAILY WEB COVERAGE
 
Coverage on Saturday, 3 December 2011

Mass protest action held at the margins of UNFCCC COP 17 in Durban.
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Climate Change Policy & Practice
 
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Launching of the CDM Policy Dialogue

Organized by the UNFCCC Secretariat
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Martin Hession, Chairman for the CDM Executive Board, stressed the intended openness and fairness of the proposed Policy Dialogue.
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Christiana Figueres, Executive Secretary UNFCCC, extended an open invitation to “look at the good, the bad, and the ugly” of the CDM.
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Xia Guang, Policy Research Center for Environment and Economy, China, welcomed the opportunity to be a member of the Policy Dialogue panel.

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Christiana Figueres, UNFCCC Executive Secretary, welcomed the courageous move by the CDM Executive Board (EB) to initiate open dialogue with all interested stakeholders. She reflected on how CDM has created many jobs, mobilized finance and established infrastructures. Figueres spoke about the need to utilize this foundation to further develop and move CDM into its adult years, and wished the selected panel members well with the development of a report that would make recommendations for improvement for the CDM.

Martin Hession, CDM EB Chair, said, with the looming date of 2012, the present is a good time for reappraisal. He acknowledged that CDM is steeped in controversial issues like climate change, carbon markets, profit motive, regulations and international cooperation difficulties. He outlined the scope of the project, which will include: public input via the UNFCCC website; public consultation period; and review, analysis and documentation of comments from stakeholders by the twelve-member panel. He described the panel selected to equally represent the public sector, private sector and civil society, as well as gender and broad geographic distribution, and looked forward to receive their recommendations in the form of a report that will be published at the end of 2012.

As newly selected member to the panel, Margaret Mukahanana-Sangarwe, Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Tourism and Hospitality Industry, Zimbabwe, thanked the Board for their trust and stressed that it is natural to assess the CDM at the end of the first commitment period. She said the question was not whether it has fulfilled its purpose, but to determine which objectives have been reached, emphasizing her commitment to contribute as a member from a developing country.

Xia Guang, Director-General of the Policy Research Center for Environment and Economy, China, highlighted the need to promote: research and its benefits in the climate change dialogue; reducing environmental pollutants; low-carbon labeling; integrated climate change issues into an environmental impact assessment system; educational awareness that will increase a low-carbon life style and consumption; the environment for establishment of a Green economy; and ecological restoration.

Paul Simpson, Carbon Disclosure Project, spoke about the importance of having a transparent assessment that would engender trust in CDM, which needs an open, fair and efficient process. He looked forward to a “reasonable-sized task ahead” and to contribute towards analyzing the comments from the Policy Dialogue.

 
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L-R: Paul Simpson, Carbon Disclosure Project, UK; Margaret Mukahanana Sangarwe, Ministry of Toursim and Hospitality Industry, Zimbabwe; Martin Hession, CDM Chair; Christiana Figueres, UNFCCC Executive Secretary; Niclas Svenningsen, UNFCCC Secretariat; and Xia Guang, Policy Research Center for Environment and Economy, China, announced the launch of the Policy Dialogue to review the CDM experiences.
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Martin Hession, CDM Chair, in a discussion with Christiana Figueres, UNFCCC Executive Secretary, before the start of the side event.
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View of the UNFCCC side event on the CDM Policy Dialogue.
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More Information:

http://www.unfccc.int
Contacts:

Martin Hession <hession@me.com>
Niclas Svenningsen <nsvenningsen@unfccc.int>
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GEF Innovations and Technology Transfer

Organized by the Global Environment Facility (GEF)
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During the GEF side event on innovations and technology transfer, Mark Radka, UNEP, highlighted the diffusion of knowledge on technology transfer.
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Robert Dixon, GEF, said GEF is listening to suggestions and as a result has implemented major reforms for the GEF 5th Replenishment (GEF5).

Sekou Toure, GEF, explained the broad areas that are changing in GEF5, such as: enhancing country ownership; reforming the resource allocation framework (RAF) to add national entities to implement projects; streamlining the project cycle and refining the programmatic approach; expanding partnerships; and using GEF resources more strategically.

Chizuru Aoki, GEF, outlined the significant role GEF is playing in technology transfer and enabling activities. She explained that each GEF focal area addresses technology transfer programming in accordance with each convention guidance, national priorities, and preferences. Aoki highlighted that on climate change, GEF is addressing mitigation and adaptation combined with technology transfers. She underlined the long-term programme on technology transfer to support: climate technology centers and networks; pilot-technology projects; public-private partnerships; and technology-needs assessments. Aoki presented the Asian Development Bank (ADB)-UNEP pilot Asia-Pacific project that aims to accelerate climate technology investments in the region and provide capacity building to create the necessary conditions.

Mark Radka, UNEP, said UNEP aims to accelerate diffusion of improved or better technology that can help in lowering GHG emissions and promote adaptation activities. He noted the link in technology and financing issues to get new technology into the field. He outlined the pilot project components of the ADB-UNEP partnership, and concluded that networking can increase diffusion of technology transfer knowledge and strengthening existing centers.

David McCauley, ADB, said ADB is strongly investing in technology-driven renewable energy projects and less in energy efficiency. He noted that ADB is financing modalities of technologies to open markets, and underscored that ADB will establish a venture capital fund as part of the GEF-ADB partnership.

Rawleston Moore, GEF, talked about GEF direct access for conventions´ obligations, enabling countries to have greater access and flexibility to obtain and use GEF funds. He said the GEF National Portfolio Formulation Exercise (NPFE) allocated US$30,000 per country to prepare country priorities across all GEF focal areas. Moore explained NPFE is voluntary and serves as a priority setting tool for countries and as a guide for GEF agencies while assisting recipient countries. He underlined GEF works on adaptation financing under UNFCCC that supports vulnerable developing countries.

 
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Sekou Toure, GEF, explained that the RAF expanded to include land degradation, eliminating the group allocation of countries.
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Chizuru Aoki, GEF, underlined the GEF is the largest public sector financing mechanism for technology transfer.

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David McCauley, ADB, said ADB is looking for opportunities to carry out projects in adaptation.
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More Information:

http://www.theGEF.org
Contacts:

Christian Hofer <chofer@theGEF.org>
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Climate Forced Migrants: Human Rights Perspective

Organized by the Coastal Association for Social Transformation Trust (COAST Trust)
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L-R: Golam Rabbani, Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies; Elena Gerebizza, Campainer Development Finace (CRBM); Qazi Kholiquzzaman Ahmad, Dhaka School of Economics (DScE); Ahsan Ahmed, Centre for Global Change, Bangladesh (CGC); Janet Redman, Institute for Policy Studies (IPS); and Juan Carlos Soriano, 350.org, Peru; the panel focused on the severe vulnerability of climate-induced migration.
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Golam Rabbani, Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies, predicted that by 2050 one in forty-five people in the world will have been displaced as a result of climate change and one meter of sea level rise would cause 146 million people’s displacement. He elaborated on the causes of migration, such as social and economic factors, and said these are exacerbated in the face of natural climate disasters, including floods, cyclone and storm surges, particularly in the coastal zones. He called for the most recent policy documents of the Cancún Agreement 2010 and the Country Vulnerable Forum Declaration of 2011 to be translated into action, such as social, cultural, and economic rehabilitation of climate-forced migrants.

Janet Redman, Institute for Policy Studies (IPS), spoke on how finance tie into the UNFCCC discussions, saying it is about climate debt in terms of the human rights of displaced people. She called for an equal balance in adaptation and mitigation approaches, and urged participants to lobby their governments to correct the mistakes in the Green Fund.

Elena Gerebizza, Campaigner Development Finance (CRBM), spoke about the new relevant actors in moving capital and finance in the global South, and remarked on the trend of international financial institutions bringing back an agenda based on large-structured finance institutions. She raised concern about government large-scale energy projects that: are driven by private actors or investment funds; may not account for its spending; do not respond to social rules; and may not have respectable standards.

Juan Carlos Soriano, 350.org, Peru, recounted his experiences in Peru, where the glacier in the vicinity of his home that provides the village of water, has disappeared. He reflected this is what 329 parts per million looks like and cautioned the imminence of 450 parts per million or even 700 parts per million. He urged for an arrest in delaying the negotiations and warned that 2020 would be too late for concrete action.

Qazi Kholiquzzaman Ahmad, Dhaka School of Economics (DScE), warned of too many actions within society that push out economically disadvantaged people, to which climate change impacts, such as storm surges, desertification, cyclones, and flooded rivers add to their concerns. He said water scarcity, health issues, employment security, and livelihood security are challenges even without migration, and called for development of a new legal instrument to ensure social, cultural and economic rights for climate-forced migrants.

 
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Qazi Kholiquzzaman Ahmad, DScE, said we should convince decisionmakers that “we are all in this together.”
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Elena Gerebizza, CRBM, emphasized the need to ensure that the investments are what is actually needed by the people.

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Golam Rabbani, Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies, urged participants not to “[bracket our future.]”
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More Information:

http://www.equitybd.org

Contacts:

Rezaul Karim Chowdhury <reza@coastbd.org>
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Adaptation to a Changing Climate in the Arab Countries

Organized by the League of Arab States, World Bank, and Lebanon
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Leila Dagher, American University of Beirut, Lebanon, applauded the report as a good first step, calling for an economic adaptation report on all sectors to produce a range of investment estimates to be used by Arab countries to contract capital.

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Dorte Verner, World Bank, encouraged feedback to the report over the next two months.
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Fatmah El-Mallah, Advisor to the Secretary- General of the League of Arab States on Climate Change, said the report reflects priorities for Arab countries while providing scientific input on the Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change 5th assessment report.
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Fatma El-Mallah, Advisor to the Secretary-General of the League of Arab States on Climate Change, said the Arab Region is most vulnerable to impacts of climate change, affecting all sectors of development, requiring priority to focus on adaptation and survival. She explained that competition over natural resources requires integrated water management, expressing hope for the report, “Adaptation to a Changing Climate in the Arab Countries” to become a reference for decision makers, reflecting stakeholders´ interests.

Dorte Verner, World Bank, introduced the flagship report, covering the entire Arab region, providing information and guidance to policy makers and project developers. She conveyed the urgency of the impact on people and the environment as it is getting warmer, drier and more variable, advocating for: household income diversification; integration of adaptation into all projects; leadership to develop a holistic approach that engages men, women and youth.

Manal Nader, University of Balamand, Lebanon, provided information on water issues in Lebanon, calling for an increase in public and private institutions to drive research on impacts of climate change as well as a mobilization of political will which he said has been missing.

Amal Aldababseh, Amman Institute for Urban Development, Jordan, shared research portraying the impact of climate change on Jordan, the fourth driest country in the world. She made recommendations, including: arranging institutional linkages between climate change, disaster management, and economic and social development; building frameworks on national and local level; and locating financial mechanisms. She asserted that adaptation measures should focus on residential use of water supply, irrigation, and water quality.

Rachel Kyte, World Bank, expressed optimism for the report, driven by regional research, to help dispel myth and accurately represent the regional perspective in global debate.

Leila Dagher, American University of Beirut, discussed the varied impacts of climate change on Arab countries, warning that impacts will increase as time passes. She highlighted the potential synergy between adaptation and development.

Zahwa Al-Kuwari, Bahrain, explained that key impacts of climate change in Bahrain have been identified, leading to the next phase of determining how to address these problems and create solutions.

Vahakn Kabakian, Ministry of Environment, Lebanon, reiterated the importance of the report that may require regular updates to show progress.

 
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The panel discussed the need to “act now, act together and act differently.”
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More Information:

http://www.moe.gov.lb
http://www.worldbank.org

Contacts:

Vahakn Kabakian <vahakn@moe.gov.lb>
Dorte Verner <dverner@worldbank.org>

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COP 17 local volunteers waiting for their assignment for the day.
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Philippine delegation to the UNFCCC COP 17 headed by Lucille Sering, Minister, Climate Change Commission, the Philippines.
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Related Links
UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) resources
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 website
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 side events schedule
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 documents
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 overview schedule
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 daily Programme
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 agenda and documents for the Seventeenth session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 17)
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 agenda and documents for the seventh session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parites to the Kyoto Protocol (COP/MOP 7)
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 agenda and documents for the Thirty-fifth session of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA 35)
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 agenda and documents for the Thirty-fifth session of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI 35)
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 agenda and documents for the Resumed fourteenth session of the Ad hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention (AWG-LCA)
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 agenda and documents for the Resumed sixteenth session of the Ad hoc Working Group on Further Commitments for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol (AWG-KP)
*Meetings archive

General resources
*Host country website
*Gateway to the UN System’s Work on Climate Change


IISD RS resources
*IISD RS coverage of the Fifth Global Business Day, 5 December 2011, Durban, South Africa
*IISD RS coverage of Mountain Day, 4 December 2011, Durban, South Africa
*IISD RS coverage of Forest Day 5, 4 December 2011, Durban, South Africa
*IISD RS coverage of Development and Climate Days at COP 17, 3-4 December 2011, Durban, South Africa
*IISD RS coverage of Oceans Day at Durban, 3 December 2011, Durban, South Africa
*IISD RS coverage of the Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011, 28 November - 9 December 2011, Durban, South Africa
*IISD RS summary report of the Thirty-fourth Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 18-19 November 2011, Kampala, Uganda (English: HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the UN Climate Change Conference October 2011, 1-7 October 2011, Panama City, Panama
*IISD RS briefing note of the 4th Meeting of the Transitional Committee for the Design of the Green Climate Fund (GCF), 16-18 October 2011, Cape Town, South Africa (HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the UN Climate Change Conference June 2011, 6-17 June 2011, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS summary report of the UNFCCC Workshop on Technology Needs Assessments, 1-2 June 2011, Bonn, Germany (English: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Thirty-third Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 10-13 May 2011, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (English: HTML - PDF) (French: HTML - PDF) (Spanish: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the UN Climate Change Conference Bangkok - April 2011, 3-8 April 2011, UN Conference Centre (UNCC), Bangkok, Thailand
*IISD RS coverage of the Cancún Climate Change Conference, 29 November - 11 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Cancún Climate Change Conference, 29 November - 10 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico
*IISD RS coverage of the Cancún Global Business Day, 6 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico
*IISD RS summary report of Development and Climate Days at COP 16, 4-5 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico (HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS summary report of Agriculture and Rural Development Day 2010, 4 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico (HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS summary report of Oceans Day at Cancún, 4 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico (HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Thirty-second Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 11-14 October 2010, Busan, Republic of Korea (English: HTML - PDF) (French: HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the Tianjin Climate Change Talks - October 2010, 4-9 October 2010, Tianjin, China
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - August 2010, 2-6 August 2010, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - May/June 2010, 31 May - 11 June 2010, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - April 2010, 9-11 April 2010, Bonn, Germany (English: HTML - PDF) (French: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference, 7-19 December 2009, Copenhagen, Denmark
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference, 7-19 December 2009, Copenhagen, Denmark
*IISD RS coverage of the Barcelona Climate Change Talks 2009, 2-6 November 2009, Barcelona, Spain
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Barcelona Climate Change Talks 2009, 2-6 November 2009, Barcelona, Spain
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Thirty-first Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 26-29 October 2009, Bali, Indonesia (English: HTML - PDF) (Spanish: HTML - PDF) (French: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Technical Workshop on Advancing the Integration of Approaches to Adaptation Planning, 2-14 October 2009, UN Conference Centre (UNCC), Bangkok, Thailand
*IISD RS coverage of the Bangkok Climate Change Talks - 2009, 28 September - 9 October 2009, UNCC, Bangkok, Thailand
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - August 2009, 10-14 August 2009, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - June 2009, 1-12 June 2009, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Bonn Climate Change Talks - June 2009, 1-12 June 2009, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Thirtieth Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 21-23 April 2009, Antalya, Turkey (English: HTML - PDF) (Spanish: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - March/April 2009, 29 March - 8 April 2009, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS summary report of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Workshop on Integrating Practices, Tools and Systems for Climate Risk Assessment and Management and Disaster Risk Reduction Strategies into National Policies and Programmes, 10-12 March 2009, Havana, Cuba (HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the UN Climate Change Conference - Poznań, 1-12 December 2008, Poznań, Poland
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Poznań Climate Change Conference, 1-12 December 2008, Poznań, Poland
*IISD RS archive of meetings on climate change, and backgrounder
*Climate-L - A mailing list for news on climate change policy
*Climate Change Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of UN and Intergovernmental Activities Addressing Global Climate Change Policy
*Sustainable Development Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of International Activities Preparing for the UN Conference on Sustainable Development
*SIDS Policy and Practice - A Knowledgebase on the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States
*Biodiversity Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of UN and Intergovernmental Activities Addressing International Biodiversity Policy
*Linkages Update - Bi-weekly international environment and sustainable development news
*African Regional Coverage
*Latin America and Caribbean Regional Coverage
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